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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#1
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607235/meeting-the-current-and-future-health-care-needs-of-sri-lanka-s-ageing-population
#2
Dilhar Samaraweera, Shiromi Maduwage
Sri Lanka is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. This rapid demographic transition is expected to result in one quarter of the population being elderly by the year 2041. Profound challenges face the country as a result, especially with respect to planning adequate elderly-oriented services in the social-care and health-care sectors. In response to this need, many initiatives have been put in place to promote and protect the welfare of older people, and these rights have been inscribed in law. Within the health sector, despite the wealth of policies and initiatives in recent years, it is clear that the existing health infrastructure and systems still require strengthening, reorientation and coordination, to meet the needs of the growing population of elderly individuals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#3
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603704/relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-medication-adherence-in-chronic-disease-patients
#4
Seyde Shahrbanoo Daniali, Firooze Mostafavi Darani, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Mohammad Mazaheri
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of unhealthy lifestyle causes to increase chronic disease. It has been proven that psychological factors such as self-efficacy are responsible to success in the process of lifestyle change. Low self-efficacy is usually related to low level of physical activity and medication adherence. Objective of the study was to investigate the effects of self-efficacy, other physical symptoms on physical activity and medication adherence in patients with chronic illness in public health centers...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601816/associations-between-self-rated-health-and-health-behaviour-among-older-adults-in-estonia-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Liili Abuladze, Nele Kunder, Katrin Lang, Sirje Vaask
OBJECTIVES: The population of Estonia has one of the lowest life expectancies and health statuses in Europe. This is reflected in a lower perception of health among older adults. This study focuses on the role of health behaviour (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and nutrition) in self-rated health, accounting for sociodemographic characteristics, activity limitations and long-term illnesses as well as satisfaction with life of older Estonian men and women. DESIGN: We use representative cross-sectional data from Wave 4 of the Estonian Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, conducted mainly in 2011...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594579/-from-snail-mode-to-rocket-ship-mode-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-of-returning-to-work-and-school-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#6
Eden R Brauer, Huibrie C Pieters, Patricia A Ganz, Wendy Landier, Carol Pavlish, MarySue V Heilemann
PURPOSE: Resuming normal activities, such as work and school, is an important dimension of psychosocial recovery in cancer survivorship. Minimal data exist regarding adolescents or young adults' experiences of returning to school or work after cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the processes of resuming work and school among adolescents and young adults after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 adolescents and young adults, who were 15-29 years when they underwent HCT and 6-60 months post-transplant at study enrollment...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587472/key-strategies-for-physical-activity-interventions-among-older-women-process-evaluation-of-a-clinical-trial
#7
Leanne L Lefler, Sara Jones, Breanna Harris
PURPOSE: To describe strategies salient to physical activity (PA) initiation and maintenance among older women who participated in a clinical trial that tested a PA intervention. DESIGN: A descriptive phenomenological, qualitative design for a process evaluation of a successful clinical trial. SETTING: Senior primary care clinics associated with a large medical center in a southern state. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 20 older women at least 60 years without advanced frailty...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582252/teleexercise-for-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-case-series
#8
Byron Lai, James Rimmer, Beth Barstow, Emil Jovanov, C Scott Bickel
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in significant loss of function below the level of injury, often leading to restricted participation in community exercise programs. To overcome commonly experienced barriers to these programs, innovations in technology hold promise for remotely delivering safe and effective bouts of exercise in the home. OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of a remotely delivered home exercise program for individuals with SCI as determined by (1) implementation of the intervention in the home; (2) exploration of the potential intervention effects on aerobic fitness, physical activity behavior, and subjective well-being; and (3) acceptability of the program through participant self-report...
July 14, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579500/balance-is-key-exploring-the-impact-of-daily-self-reported-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-on-the-subjective-health-status-of-older-adults
#9
Josefine Panten, Rachael C Stone, Joseph Baker
Research has identified physical activity and sedentary behaviours as independent predictors of successful aging; however, few studies have explored interactions between these constructs in relation to older adult health. The present study utilized data from the General Social Survey (Cycle 24) to calculate proportion of time engaging in sedentary and physically active behaviours during waking hours, and examined its impact on self-rated health and physical health limitations (e.g., difficulty walking) in older adults (N=3557; ≥65years)...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569163/validity-of-the-nurses-health-study-physical-activity-questionnaire-in-estimating-physical-activity-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Thomas Quinn, Michelle Frits Bs, Johan von Heideken, Christine Iannaccone, Nancy A Shadick, Michael Weinblatt, Maura D Iversen
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) demonstrate reduced aerobic capacity, excess cardiovascular risk, mobility limitations and are less physically active than their healthy peers. Physical activity may decrease RA disease activity through its anti-inflammatory effects and psychological and health benefits. To successfully manage RA symptoms and reduce cardiovascular risks associated with RA through increased physical activity (PA), accurate physical activity assessments are critical...
May 31, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567339/hallux-rigidus-how-do-i-approach-it
#11
REVIEW
Aaron Lam, Jimmy J Chan, Michele F Surace, Ettore Vulcano
Hallux rigidus is a degenerative disease of the first metatarsalphalangeal (MTP) joint and affects 2.5% of people over age 50. Dorsal osteophytes and narrowed joint space leads to debilitating pain and limited range of motion. Altered gait mechanics often ensued as 119% of the body force transmit through the 1(st) MTP joint during gait cycle. Precise etiology remains under debate with trauma being often cited in the literature. Hallux valgus interphalangeus, female gender, inflammatory and metabolic conditions have all been identified as associative factors...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566813/kickboxing-review-anthropometric-psychophysiological-and-activity-profiles-and-injury-epidemiology
#12
REVIEW
M Slimani, H Chaabene, B Miarka, E Franchini, K Chamari, F Cheour
Kickboxing is one of the modern combat sports. The psychophysiological demands of a kickboxing competition require athletes to achieve high thresholds of several aspects of physical fitness. The aim of the current review is to critically analyse and appraise the kickboxer's anthropometric, physiological, physical and psychological attributes with the activity profile and injury epidemiology in order to provide practical recommendations for training as well as new areas of scientific research. The available information shows that both amateur and elite-level male kickboxers are characterized by a higher proportion of mesomorphy with a well-developed muscle mass and low body fat percentage...
June 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555555/-relevant-factors-on-cognitive-evaluation-of-the-portuguese-population
#13
Catarina Resende Oliveira, Anabela Mota-Pinto, Vítor Rodrigues, Catarina Alves
INTRODUCTION: Aging is an inevitable process that has a social impact in the forecoming decades, and it will present a great challenge regarding public health. An efficient health system requires a reflection on the preventive measures to be implemented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population comprised a total number of 2672 individuals of both genders, aged 55 years and over, residents in continental Portugal, to whom a questionnaire was applied that included the following sections: Social network; Locomotion; Physical autonomy; Instrumental autonomy; Cognitive assessment; Physical activity...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554851/executive-function-in-childhood-obesity-promising-intervention-strategies-to-optimize-treatment-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Jacqueline F Hayes, Dawn M Eichen, Deanna M Barch, Denise E Wilfley
Executive functions (EFs) are hypothesized to play a role in the development and maintenance of obesity due to their role in self-regulatory processes that manage energy-balance behaviors. Children with obesity have well-documented deficits in EF, which may impede effectiveness of current, evidence-based treatments. This review examines top-down EF processes (e.g., inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility), as well as bottom-up automatic processes that interact with EFs (e.g., attentional bias, delay discounting) and their relation to weight-loss treatment success in children...
May 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541435/lessons-from-singapore-s-national-weight-management-program-lose-to-win
#15
Kathryn Vasquez, Rahul Malhotra, Truls Østbye, Wilson Low, Mei Fen Chan, Ling Chew, Annie Ling
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Singapore is lower than in most countries, but it is increasing. There is evidence health complications may appear at lower weights among Asians. We describe the evolution of a national weight management program [Lose To Win (LTW)] organized by the Singapore Health Promotion Board from 2009 to 2013. LTW is a 12-week program comprising nutrition education, physical activity and mental wellbeing sessions and interim assessments. Individuals aged 18-69 years with a body mass index (BMI) between 23 and 37...
May 24, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535397/quality-of-life-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-hiv-aids-who-present-poor-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-salvador-brazil
#16
Mónica Narváez Betancur, Liliane Lins, Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Carlos Brites
The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy marked a major gain in efficacy of HIV/AIDS treatment and a reduction in morbidity and mortality of the infected patients. However, high levels of adherence are required to obtain virologic suppression. In Brazil, the policy of free and universal access to antiretroviral therapy has been in place since 1996, although there are reports of poor adherence. OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical, demographic and psychological characteristics, and quality of life of patients with HIV/AIDS who present poor adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534661/characterization-of-human-fetal-brain-endothelial-cells-reveals-barrier-properties-suitable-for-in%C3%A2-vitro-modeling-of-the-bbb-with-syngenic-co-cultures
#17
Allison M Andrews, Evan M Lutton, Lee A Cannella, Nancy Reichenbach, Roshanak Razmpour, Matthew J Seasock, Steven J Kaspin, Steven F Merkel, Dianne Langford, Yuri Persidsky, Servio H Ramirez
Endothelial cells (ECs) form the basis of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), a physical barrier that selectively restricts transport into the brain. In vitro models can provide significant insight into BBB physiology, mechanisms of human disease pathology, toxicology, and drug delivery. Given the limited availability of primary human adult brain microvascular ECs ( aBMVECs), human fetal tissue offers a plausible alternative source for multiple donors and the opportunity to build syngenic tri-cultures from the same host...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532299/role-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behaviour-in-physical-performance-frailty-and-mortality-among-older-adults-a-short-systematic-review
#18
Asier Mañas, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Francisco José García-García, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Ignacio Ara
Sedentary behaviour (SB) has recently emerged as an independent risk factor for different health outcomes. Older adults accumulate long time in SB. Understanding the role that SB plays on health is crucial for a successful aging. This short systematic review summarizes the current evidence related to the effects of objectively measured SB on frailty, physical performance and mortality in adults ≥60 years old. The literature search produced 271 records for physical performance (n = 119), frailty (n = 31), and mortality (n = 121)...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526541/prevalence-of-early-repolarisation-pattern-in-children
#19
Philippe Maury, Céline Authenac, Anne Rollin, Yves Dulac, Pierre Mondoly, Christelle Cardin, Benjamin Monteil, Amin Bennadji, Rémi Gendre, Michel Galinier, Didier Carrié, Philippe Acar, Vanina Bongard, Sebastien Hascoet
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of early repolarisation ECG pattern (ER) has been repetitively determined in adults, but has not been reported in large unselected children populations so far. METHODS: ECG from 1000 successive healthy children from birth to 17years old were prospectively recorded and analyzed. ER was defined by ≥0.1mV J point elevation in at least two contiguous inferior or lateral ECG leads. Correlations with age, gender, ethnic origin, physical activity, Sokolow index and heart rate were performed...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521756/rethinking-physical-activity-communication-using-focus-groups-to-understand-women-s-goals-values-and-beliefs-to-improve-public-health
#20
Michelle Segar, Jennifer M Taber, Heather Patrick, Chan L Thai, April Oh
BACKGROUND: Communication about physical activity (PA) frames PA and influences what it means to people, including the role it plays in their lives. To the extent that PA messages can be designed to reflect outcomes that are relevant to what people most value experiencing and achieving in their daily lives, the more compelling and effective they will be. Aligned with self-determination theory, this study investigated proximal goals and values that are salient in everyday life and how they could be leveraged through new messaging to better support PA participation among women...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
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