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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#1
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#2
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077430/successful-aging-as-the-intersection-of-individual-resources-age-environment-and-experiences-of-well-being-in-daily-activities
#3
Shannon T Mejía, Lindsay H Ryan, Richard Gonzalez, Jacqui Smith
OBJECTIVE: We conceptualize successful aging as a cumulative index of individual resources (the absence of disease and disability, high cognitive and physical functioning, social embeddedness) in the service of successful aging outcomes (global well-being, experienced well-being, and vital status), and conditioned by age, social structure, and environment. METHOD: The study used baseline and follow-up data from the 2008-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 17,230; age = 51-101)...
January 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077348/user-centered-design-of-serious-games-for-older-adults-following-3-years-of-experience-with-exergames-for-seniors-a-study-design
#4
Ellen Brox, Stathis Th Konstantinidis, Gunn Evertsen
BACKGROUND: Seniors need sufficient balance and strength to manage in daily life, and sufficient physical activity is required to achieve and maintain these abilities. This can be a challenge, but fun and motivational exergames can be of help. However, most commercial games are not suited for this age group for several reasons. Many usability studies and user-centered design (UCD) protocols have been developed and applied, but to the best of our knowledge none of them are focusing on seniors' use of games for physical activity...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075653/serum-creatine-kinase-elevations-in-ultramarathon-runners-at-high-altitude
#5
Danielle Magrini, Morteza Khodaee, Inigo San Millan, Tamara Hew-Butler, Aaron J Provance
OBJECTIVES: Creatine kinase (CK) is a sensitive enzyme marker for muscle damage in athletes. Elevated CK levels have been reported in many endurance physical activities. The consequence and possible long-term sequela of the CK elevation in athletes is unknown. There is a paucity of literature stating actual numerical values of CK associated with competing in an ultramarathon with extreme environmental conditions. Our hypothesis was that the serum CK levels increase significantly as a result of running a 161km ultramarathon at high altitude...
January 11, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072460/psychosocial-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This review supersedes the original Cochrane review first published in 2008 (Huertas-Ceballos 2008).Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. No organic cause for this pain can be found on physical examination or investigation for the majority of such children. Although many children are managed by reassurance and simple measures, a large range of psychosocial interventions involving cognitive and behavioural components have been recommended...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051979/barriers-and-health-beliefs-related-to-weight-management-among-veterans-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#7
Shannon Munro, Emily Dinatale, Sarah Hartley, Monica St Jacques, Kris Ann Oursler
INTRODUCTION: The success of antiretroviral therapy has led to dramatic changes in causes of morbidity and mortality among U.S. Veterans with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Among the 25,000 Veterans treated for HIV, 70% are over age 50 and the rate of obesity has doubled in this population. Veterans with HIV have a 50% increased risk of myocardial infarction yet have limited presence in prevention-related programs designed to lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: This mixed methods study (focus groups, Schwarzer and Renner physical activity, and nutrition self-efficacy questionnaires) was used to explore factors related to health behavior and identify barriers that overweight Veterans with HIV face in enrolling in the MOVE weight management program...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049751/an-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-in-mexican-elementary-school-students-building-public-policy-to-prevent-noncommunicable-diseases
#8
Ernestina Polo-Oteyza, Mónica Ancira-Moreno, Cecilia Rosel-Pech, María Teresa Sánchez-Mendoza, Vicente Salinas-Martínez, Felipe Vadillo-Ortega
Physical activity is an important component of strategies for health promotion and prevention of noncommunicable diseases. It is also associated with decreased risk for cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese adults and children. This article addresses the initial description of a physical activity intervention for children attending public elementary schools in Mexico. The objective was to develop a replicable model based on a strategic public, private, academic, and social partnership that would have a short-term impact on the metabolic health of children and be useful for building effective public policy...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039126/are-olympic-athletes-free-from-cardiovascular-diseases-systematic-investigation-in-2352-participants-from-athens-2004-to-sochi-2014
#9
Antonio Pelliccia, Paolo Emilio Adami, Filippo Quattrini, Maria Rosaria Squeo, Stefano Caselli, Luisa Verdile, Viviana Maestrini, Fernando Di Paolo, Cataldo Pisicchio, Roberto Ciardo, Antonio Spataro
CONTEXT: Olympic athletes represent model of success in our society, by enduring strenuous conditioning programmes and achieving astonishing performances. They also raise scientific and clinical interest, with regard to medical care and prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of CV abnormalities in this selected athlete's cohort. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 2352 Olympic athletes, mean age 25±6, 64% men, competing in 31 summer or 15 winter sports, were examined with history, physical examination, 12-lead and exercise ECG and echocardiography...
December 30, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033489/a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-successful-aging-among-older-women-engaged-in-sports-based-versus-exercise-based-leisure-time-physical-activities
#10
Kathryn Berlin, Tina Kruger, David B Klenosky
This mixed-methods study compares active older women in different physically based leisure activities and explores the difference in subjective ratings of successful aging and quantifiable predictors of success. A survey was administered to 256 women, 60-92 years of age, engaged in a sports- or exercise-based activity. Quantitative data were analyzed through ANOVA and multiple regression. Qualitative data (n = 79) was analyzed using the approach associated with means-end theory. While participants quantitatively appeared similar in terms of successful aging, qualitative interviews revealed differences in activity motivation...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030485/combat-amputees-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-outcomes-a-brief-report-from-the-wounded-warrior-recovery-project
#11
Susan I Woodruff, Michael R Galarneau, Daniel I Sack, Cameron T McCabe, Judy L Dye
BACKGROUND: This study extends what is known about long-term health-related quality of life (HrQoL) and other psychosocial outcomes (i.e., depression, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) among US military combat amputees serving in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn. METHODS: A total of 63 combat amputees were identified from the Wounded Warrior Recovery Project (WWRP), a study assessing long-term self-reported HrQoL and psychological outcomes among those wounded during military service...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029070/an-exploration-of-factors-influencing-physical-activity-levels-amongst-a-cohort-of-people-living-in-the-community-after-stroke-in-the-south-of-england
#12
Sharon Jackson, Christopher Mercer, Barbara Jennifer Singer
PURPOSE: To explore factors influencing physical activity (PA) reported by people living in rural/semi-rural communities in the south of England post-stroke, and to understand relationships between personal, interpersonal and environmental barriers and self-reported levels of PA. METHOD: A survey was mailed to patients of NHS Trusts who were identified as potential participants. Self-reported PA levels, type, and frequency of reported barriers were tabulated. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to explore associations between self-reported PA level and: age, gender, level of physical function, fear of falling, beliefs regarding PA, available supports, and socioeconomic status...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028570/comparable-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-under-55%C3%A2-years-than-in-older-patients-a-matched-prospective-study-with-minimum-follow-up-of-10%C3%A2-years
#13
Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Daniel Martinez-Mendez, Francisco A Miralles-Muñoz, Luis Marco-Gómez, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes after TKA for osteoarthritis between patients younger than 55 years and older patients. METHODS: A cohort of 61 patients aged 55 years or younger was prospectively matched for gender, body mass index and knee function with patients with median age of 66 (range 60-70) years. Clinical evaluation was performed by the Knee Society scores (KSS), reduced Western Ontario and McMasters Universities (WOMAC) and Short-Form 12 (SF12) questionnaires...
December 27, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992247/the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-physical-activity-change-outcomes-of-the-aging-well-and-healthily-intervention-program-for-older-adults
#14
Elske Stolte, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J Aartsen, Theo G van Tilburg, Astrid Chorus
The predictive value of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on intention and physical activity (PA) over time was examined. Data from the Aging Well and Healthily intervention program (targeting perceived behavioral control and attitude, not subjective norm) were analyzed, including pretest (T0), posttest (T1, except subjective norm) and 4-6 months follow-up (T2, PA outcomes only) (N = 387, M age 72 yrs). Structural equation modelling was used to test a TPB model. PA was measured subjectively using the Voorrips sports subscale (T0 and T2), items measuring perceived increase in PA (T1), and adherence to exercises (T1 and T2)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988875/determinants-of-change-in-physical-activity-in-children-0-6-years-of-age-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-literature
#15
REVIEW
Kathryn R Hesketh, Claire O'Malley, Veena Mazarello Paes, Helen Moore, Carolyn Summerbell, Ken K Ong, Rajalakshmi Lakshman, Esther M F van Sluijs
BACKGROUND: Understanding the determinants of children's health behaviours is important to develop successful behaviour-change interventions. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to synthesise the evidence around determinants ('preceding predictors') of change in physical activity (PA) in young children (0-6 years of age). METHODS: As part of a suite of reviews, prospective quantitative studies investigating change in physical activity in children aged 0-6 years were identified from eight databases (to October 2015): MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, British Nursing Index, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, and Sociological Abstracts...
December 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966573/the-association-of-change-in-physical-activity-and-body-weight-in-the-regulation-of-total-energy-expenditure
#16
C Drenowatz, J O Hill, J C Peters, A Soriano-Maldonado, S N Blair
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The limited success in addressing the current obesity epidemic reflects the insufficient understanding of the regulation of energy balance. The present study examines the longitudinal association of body weight with physical activity (PA), total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and total daily energy intake (TDEI). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 195 adults (52% male) between 21 and 35 years of age with no intention for weight loss were followed over a 2-year period...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943093/relevance-of-self-reported-behavioral-changes-before-bariatric-surgery-to-predict-success-after-surgery
#17
Séverine Ledoux, Ouidad Sami, Marie-Christine Breuil, Marie Delapierre, Daniela Calabrese, Simon Msika, Muriel Coupaye
BACKGROUND: International guidelines emphasize the need for multidisciplinary preparation to improve the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery (BS), but whether the patient is ready for surgery is difficult to assess. The objective of this study was to explore whether inquiries on dietary habits and physical activity before surgery are predictive of postoperative weight loss. METHODS: We prospectively assessed in 78 candidates for BS (age, 43 ± 12 years; M/F, 15/63; weight, 122 ± 17 kg; IMC, 44 ± 5 kg/m(2)) anthropometric parameters, food intake, and physical activity (Baecke questionnaire) at the beginning and the end of a systematized preoperative preparation (7 ± 2 months) including consultations (mean number 7 ± 2) with a nutritionist, dietician, psychologist, and sports coach...
December 9, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933066/functionally-diverse-nk-like-t-cells-are-effectors-and-predictors-of-successful-aging
#18
REVIEW
Joshua J Michel, Patricia Griffin, Abbe N Vallejo
The fundamental challenge of aging and long-term survivorship is maintenance of functional independence and compression of morbidity despite a life history of disease. Inasmuch as immunity is a determinant of individual health and fitness, unraveling novel mechanisms of immune homeostasis in late life is of paramount interest. Comparative studies of young and old persons have documented age-related atrophy of the thymus, the contraction of diversity of the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire, and the intrinsic inefficiency of classical TCR signaling in aged T cells...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923968/exploring-gender-differences-in-a-randomized-trial-of-weight-loss-maintenance
#19
Melissa M Crane, Robert W Jeffery, Nancy E Sherwood
The purpose of this study is to explore gender differences in reasons for losing weight, weight loss methods, and weight loss behaviors prior to and during a weight loss maintenance trial. This is a secondary analysis of data from a 24-month randomized controlled trial comparing Self-Directed or Guided phone-based weight loss maintenance interventions among adults who had intentionally lost ≥10% of their body weight in the year prior to enrollment. Participants reported their weight loss methods and reasons for recently losing weight at baseline...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898172/association-between-hospital-readmission-and-acute-and-sustained-delays-in-functional-recovery-during-18-months-after-elective-surgery-the-successful-aging-after-elective-surgery-study
#20
Margaret A Pisani, Asha Albuquerque, Edward R Marcantonio, Richard N Jones, Ray Yun Gou, Tamara G Fong, Eva M Schmitt, Douglas Tommet, Ilean I Isaza Aizpurua, David C Alsop, Sharon K Inouye, Thomas G Travison
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of hospital readmission on functional recovery after elective surgery in older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort of individuals aged 70 and older undergoing elective surgery, enrolled from June 2010 to August 2013. SETTING: Two academic medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 566; mean age ± standard deviation 77 ± 5) undergoing major elective surgery and expected to be admitted for at least 3 days...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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