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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774358/successful-ageing-in-singapore-prevalence-and-correlates-from-a-national-survey-of-older-adults
#1
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Esmond Seow, Louisa Picco, Hong Choon Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong
INTRODUCTION: The current study aimed to estimate the overall prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of successful ageing, as defined by Rowe and Kahn, among a national sample of multiethnic adults aged 60 years and older in Singapore. METHODS: Data from older adults who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study were analysed in the present study. Successful ageing included five indicators: no major diseases; no disability; high cognitive functioning; high physical functioning; and active engagement with life...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773413/dancing-in-the-golden-age-a-study-on-physical-function-quality-of-life-and-social-engagement
#2
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Monica Emma Liubicich, Marcello Chiabrero, Emanuela Rabaglietti
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of dancing activity based on different dance styles, in groups as well as with a partner, on mobility performance, quality of life and social engagement in a sample of older adults. One hundred and sixty-three older adults (mean age, 70 years; SD = 4 years) participated in a supervised dancing activity programme for 16 weeks. The dancing activity included different dance routines and was progressive in terms of motor complexity. Data on mobility, health-related quality of life and social engagement were collected before and after a 16-week training period...
May 14, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764488/interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-groups-an-umbrella-review
#3
REVIEW
Melinda Craike, Glen Wiesner, Toni A Hilland, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea
BACKGROUND: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760878/chiropractic-treatment-including-instrument-assisted-manipulation-for-non-specific-dizziness-and-neck-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-people-a-feasibility-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#4
Julie C Kendall, Simon D French, Jan Hartvigsen, Michael F Azari
Background: Dizziness in older people is a risk factor for falls. Neck pain is associated with dizziness and responds favourably to neck manipulation. However, it is unknown if chiropractic intervention including instrument-assisted manipulation of the neck in older people with neck pain can also improve dizziness. Methods: This parallel two-arm pilot trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia over nine months (October 2015 to June 2016). Participants aged 65-85 years, with self-reported chronic neck pain and dizziness, were recruited from the general public through advertisements in local community newspapers and via Facebook...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755046/the-church-bridge-project-an-academic-community-perspective-of-a-church-based-weight-management-pilot-intervention-among-young-adult-african-americans
#5
Jennifer L Lemacks, Robert E James, Laurie Abbott, Hwanseok Choi, Ashley Parker, Ashley Bryant, Penny A Ralston, Annither Gilner Rigsby, Patricia Gilner
BACKGROUND: Churches are effective community partners and settings to address weight management among African Americans. There is limited information on the use of churches to reach young adult populations and church collaborations with primary care clinics. OBJECTIVES: The Church Bridge Project represents a community-academic partnership that presents the recruitment process of a church-based weight management intervention and describes baseline data of participants recruited from churches and primary care providers...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753480/characterizing-social-behavior-activity-and-associations-between-cognition-and-behavior-upon-social-grouping-of-weaned-dairy-calves
#6
K C Horvath, E K Miller-Cushon
Weaned dairy calves are commonly exposed to changing physical and social environments, and ability to adapt to novel management is likely to have performance and welfare implications. We characterized how behavioral responses of weaned heifer calves develop over time after introduction to a social group. Previously individually reared Holstein heifer calves (n = 15; 60 ± 5 d of age; mean ± standard deviation) were introduced in weekly cohorts (5 ± 3 new calves/wk) to an existing group on pasture (8 ± 2 calves/group)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753022/determinants-of-heart-rate-variability-in-the-general-population-the-lifelines-cohort-study-determinants-of-heart-rate-variability
#7
Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne, Tengfei Man, Arie M van Roon, Harriëtte Riese, Harold Snieder
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an important marker of heart health with low values reflecting reduced vagal control of the heart rhythm. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent a broad range of demographic (age, sex), lifestyle (physical activity, smoking, alcohol use) and psychosocial factors (stress, social wellbeing, neuroticism) explained individual differences in HRV in the general population. METHODS: Using baseline data of 10 second electrocardiograms (ECG) from the Lifelines cohort study (n=149,205;58...
May 9, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751823/effectiveness-of-the-kenkojiseichi-local-revitalization-system-on-cognitive-function-change-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Songee Jung, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Sangyoon Lee, Keitaro Makino, Yohei Shinkai, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of cognitive decline in older adults. However, past studies have demonstrated that older adults tend to relapse into inactivity after completing interventions. This ongoing study employs a randomized controlled trial design to assess the efficacy and efficiency of the KENKOJISEICHI local revitalization system for promoting daily outdoor behaviors to improve cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748162/cocreated-smartphone-app-to-improve-the-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-kr%C3%A3-ftv%C3%A3-rket-protocol-for-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-evaluation
#9
Abbey Elsbernd, Maiken Hjerming, Camilla Visler, Lisa Lyngsie Hjalgrim, Carsten Utoft Niemann, Kirsten Boisen, Helle Pappot
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults with cancer face significant challenges during the course of their medical treatment and recovery from illness. Many adolescents and young adults struggle with long-term complications in the physical, psychosocial, economic, and academic domains. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions provide an innovative platform for delivering supportive care, particularly through the utilization of apps on smartphones and tablets. To create a successful mHealth intervention for adolescents and young adults, youth input and feedback is essential...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747047/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-orthodontist-based-brief-advice-to-prevent-child-obesity
#10
Melbourne F Hovell, Katharine E Schmitz, Sandy Liles, Kristi Robusto, C Richard Hofstetter, Jeanne F Nichols, Cheryl L Rock, Veronica Irvin, Melanie S Parker, Santiago A Surillo, David Noel
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test whether brief exercise and diet advice provided during child patient visits to their orthodontic office could improve diet, physical activity, and age-and-gender-adjusted BMI. METHODS: We enrolled orthodontic offices in Southern California and Tijuana, Mexico, and recruited their patients aged 8-16 to participate in a two-year study. At each office visit, staff provided the children with "prescriptions" for improving diet and exercise behaviors...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735892/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-the-aging-mastery-program
#11
Lisa Ferretti, Philip McCallion, Emily McDonald, Hayoung Kye, Angelica Hererra-Vensom, James Firman
Background : Successful aging is best determined by active management and self-determination of one’s aging roadmap. Some individuals are ready to respond to these challenges, others may benefit from assistance that might be offered through an evidence-based intervention. The Aging Mastery Program® (AMP) has been developed to meet these needs. Method : In a cross over design the intervention was tested in ten senior centers and aging network agencies looking at impacts upon general health and quality of life, patient activation, physical activity and advanced care planning...
May 7, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734840/determining-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-a-group-based-physical-activity-program
#12
Anamica Batra, Richard C Palmer, Elena Bastida, H Virginia McCoy, Hafiz M R Khan
OBJECTIVE: In 2015, only half (48%) of older adults in the United States (≥60 years) reported engaging in any kind of physical activity. Few studies examine the impact of evidence-based programs when adopted in community-based settings. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of EnhanceFitness (EF) upto 12-months. METHOD: EF was offered to older adults in South Florida. A total of 222 EF classes were offered between October 2008 and December 2014...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734674/a-cross-disciplinary-successful-aging-intervention-and-evaluation-comparison-of-person-to-person-and-digital-assisted-approaches
#13
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Tsuann Kuo, Ju-Ping Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu, Chia-Wen Yu, Yen-Cheng Chen, Wan-Zhen Xie, Wei-Chiang Hsu, Ya-Lan Hsu, Mu-Ting Yu
Background : Successful aging has been the paradigm of old-age life. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a cross-disciplinary intervention program using two approaches for community-based older adults in Taichung, Taiwan. Methods : The content of the intervention included successful aging concepts and preparation, physical activity, chronic disease and health management, dietary and nutrition information, cognitive training, emotional awareness and coping skills, family relationship and resilience, legal concepts regarding financial protection, and Internet use...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721743/aging-well-on-the-autism-spectrum-an-examination-of-the-dominant-model-of-successful-aging
#14
Ye In Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Julian N Trollor
There is a gap in our knowledge of aging with autism. The present study examined the applicability of the popular gerontology concept of "aging well" to autistic adults. Using survey data, a model of "aging well" was operationalised and applied to 92 autistic adults and 60 controls. A very small proportion (3.3%) of autistic adults were found to be aging well. Significantly less autistic adults were "maintaining physical and cognitive functioning" and "actively engaging with life" in comparison to controls...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717801/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-successful-aging-in-brazilian-older-adults-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-rj
#15
Ana C Canêdo, Claudia S Lopes, Roberto A Lourenço
AIM: We aimed to estimate the factors associated with the biomedical dimension of successful aging (SA) and its prevalence in older Brazilian individuals. The conceptual framework for this approach relies on the considerable variation in the biophysiological effects of aging and the need to understand the factors that influence this process. METHODS: Data from a total of 845 older adults were analyzed. SA operationalization included the following criteria: good physical and cognitive performance, absence of disabilities, and good health conditions...
May 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712630/efficacy-of-a-community-based-technology-enabled-physical-activity-counseling-program-for-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-proof-of-concept-study
#16
Linda C Li, Eric C Sayre, Hui Xie, Ryan S Falck, John R Best, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Navi Grewal, Alison M Hoens, Greg Noonan, Lynne M Feehan
BACKGROUND: Current practice guidelines emphasize the use of physical activity as the first-line treatment of knee osteoarthritis; however, up to 90% of people with osteoarthritis are inactive. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the efficacy of a technology-enabled counseling intervention for improving physical activity in people with either a physician-confirmed diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis or having passed two validated criteria for early osteoarthritis. METHODS: We conducted a proof-of-concept randomized controlled trial...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703873/juara-sihat-assessing-the-sustained-impact-of-a-school-based-obesity-intervention
#17
W K H Mok, B K Poh, L H Wee, D G Devanthini, A T Ruzita
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and physical inactivity among school children are among the most challenging health problems in Malaysia. The present study aimed to evaluate the sustained impact of Juara Sihat programme on physical activity level and anthropometric status at 18-month post-intervention. METHOD: Participants of Juara Sihat (n=55) were followed-up at 18 months after completion of the intervention. Juara Sihat intervention was implemented over 12 weeks and focused on four key components: (i) five one-hour nutrition education classes, (ii) four one-hour physical activity education sessions, (iii) family involvement, and (iv) empowerment of Parents and Teachers Association...
April 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703218/physical-activity-and-nutrition-intervention-for-singaporean-women-aged-50-years-and-above-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Elaine Yee-Sing Wong, Andy H Lee, Anthony P James, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: The majority of the older Singaporean women aged 50 years and above are physically inactive and have unhealthy dietary habits, placing them at 'high risk' of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The adoption of regular physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet are essential lifestyle behaviours to reduce this risk. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) involves the development, implementation and evaluation of a PA and nutrition programme for community-dwelling Singaporean women who currently attend recreational centres (RCs are public facilities supporting social leisure activities) in their local area...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701298/effects-of-multidisciplinary-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-health-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-morbid-obesity
#19
REVIEW
J Zolotarjova, G Ten Velde, A C E Vreugdenhil
OBJECTIVE: Morbid obesity is the fastest growing subcategory of childhood obesity, associated with an increased health risk that persists into adulthood. There is an urgent need to develop multifaceted interventions that target initial and long-term lifestyle changes. This review investigates the effects of multidisciplinary interventions on weight loss and health outcomes in children and adolescents with morbid obesity. The influence of age, gender and family participation on health outcomes and intensive treatment alternatives are explored...
April 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680118/improvements-in-physical-activity-opportunities-results-from-a-community-based-family-child-care-intervention
#20
Janice Kao, Gail Woodward-Lopez, Elena S Kuo, Paula James, Christina M Becker, Kitty Lenhart, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Suzanne Rauzon
INTRODUCTION: Reaching preschool-aged children to establish healthy lifestyle habits, including physical activity, is an important component of obesity prevention efforts. However, few studies have examined family child care homes where nearly 1 million children receive care. STUDY DESIGN: A pre- and post-intervention evaluation without a control group was conducted to evaluate what changes occurred in family child care homes that participated in the Healthy Eating and Active Living project, a multicomponent obesity prevention initiative, focused on community-driven policy and environmental change in neighborhoods within Kaiser Permanente service areas...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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