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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331628/getting-into-the-swing-of-things-an-investigation-into-rhythmic-unimanual-coordination-in-typically-developing-children
#1
David Gaul, Johann Issartel
Unimanual coordination is a vital component of everyday life and underpins successful engagement of many activities of daily living and physical activity participation. The ability to coordinate with environmental stimuli has been extensively studied in adults in a variety of situations. However, we know little about these processes in children and even less about how these processes change as age increases. This paper examines children's performance in a rhythmic unimanual coordination task using a handheld pendulum...
January 10, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#2
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325578/effects-of-a-peer-led-walking-in-schools-intervention-the-wish-study-on-physical-activity-levels-of-adolescent-girls-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-study
#3
Angela Carlin, Marie H Murphy, Alan Nevill, Alison M Gallagher
BACKGROUND: School-based interventions may be effective at increasing levels of physical activity (PA) among adolescents; however, there is a paucity of evidence on whether walking can be successfully promoted to increase PA in this age group. This pilot study aimed to assess the effects of a 12-week school-based peer-led brisk walking programme on levels of school-time PA post intervention. METHODS: Female participants, aged 11-13 years, were recruited from six post-primary schools in Northern Ireland...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325113/vitality-club-a-proof-of-principle-of-peer-coaching-for-daily-physical-activity-by-older-adults
#4
Paul L van de Vijver, Herman Wielens, Joris P J Slaets, David van Bodegom
Many age-related diseases can be prevented or delayed by daily physical activity. Unfortunately, many older adults do not perform physical activity at the recommended level. Professional interventions do not reach large numbers of older adults for a long period of time. We studied a peer-coach intervention, in which older adults coach each other, that increased daily physical activity of community dwelling older adults for over 6 years. We studied the format and effects of this peer coach intervention for possible future implementation elsewhere...
January 9, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308828/propofol-for-the-promotion-of-sleep-in-adults-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Phil Alderson, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: People in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience sleep deprivation caused by environmental disruption, such as high noise levels and 24-hour lighting, as well as increased patient care activities and invasive monitoring as part of their care. Sleep deprivation affects physical and psychological health, and people perceive the quality of their sleep to be poor whilst in the ICU. Propofol is an anaesthetic agent which can be used in the ICU to maintain patient sedation and some studies suggest it may be a suitable agent to replicate normal sleep...
January 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307560/the-association-between-objectively-measured-physical-activity-depression-cognition-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Janet M T van Uem, Bernhard Cerff, Malte Kampmeyer, Jos Prinzen, Menno Zuidema, Markus A Hobert, Susanne Gräber, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler, Inga Liepelt-Scarfone
BACKGROUND: Lower levels of physical activity are associated with lower Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We evaluated the influence of quantitative physical activity parameters among other (disease-related) features representing other domains of the WHO International model for classification of Function, Disability, and Health (ICF) on HRQoL in PD. METHODS: Home-based movement data (DynaPort MiniMod®) was collected in 47 PD patients...
December 23, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288778/child-abuse-and-work-stress-in-adulthood-evidence-from-a-population-based-study
#7
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Wendy Nilsen, Ian Colman
The objective of this study was to examine the association between child abuse and work stress in adulthood. We used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) Mental Health, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of Canadians. This study included all participants aged 20years or older who reported being employed the past 12months (N=14,581). Child physical abuse, sexual abuse, and exposure to intimate partner violence were assessed in relation to several work stress-related indicators...
December 27, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288406/does-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-affect-key-outcomes-in-women-participating-in-a-diabetes-prevention-program
#8
Sarah M Brokaw, Dorota Carpenedo, Paul Campbell, Marcene K Butcher, Steven D Helgerson, Todd S Harwell
Objectives To evaluate lifestyle change outcomes among women with and without a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) enrolled in the Montana Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). Methods Participation, self-monitoring behavior, weight loss, and cardiometabolic risk reduction were compared among 5091 women at high-risk for type 2 diabetes, with and without a history of GDM, enrolled in the Montana DPP between 2008 and 2015. Results Women with a history of GDM (6% of enrolled women, n = 283) were significantly younger than women without GDM...
December 29, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286560/modifying-bone-mineral-density-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#9
Cheryl L Cox, Liang Zhu, Sue C Kaste, Kumar Srivastava, Linda Barnes, Paul C Nathan, Robert J Wells, Kirsten K Ness
BACKGROUND: The early effects of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) include decreased physical function, bone mineral density (BMD/g/cm2 ), and health-related quality of life (HRQL). We assessed the capacity of a physical therapy and motivation-based intervention, beginning after diagnosis and continuing through the end of treatment, to positively modify these factors. PROCEDURE: A 2.5-year randomized controlled trial of 73 patients aged 4-18.99 years within 10 days of ALL diagnosis assessed BMD at baseline (T0 ) and end of therapy (T3 ), strength, range of motion, endurance, motor skills, and HRQL at baseline (T0 ), 8 (T1 ), 15 (T2 ), and 135 (T3 ) weeks...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285399/fighting-against-a-protean-enemy-immunosenescence-vaccines-and-healthy-aging
#10
Giuseppe Del Giudice, Jörg J Goronzy, Beatrix Grubeck-Loebenstein, Paul-Henri Lambert, Tomas Mrkvan, Jeffrey J Stoddard, T Mark Doherty
The progressive increase of the aged population worldwide mandates new strategies to ensure sustained health and well-being with age. The development of better and/or new vaccines against pathogens that affect older adults is one pivotal intervention in approaching this goal. However, the functional decline of various physiological systems, including the immune system, requires novel approaches to counteract immunosenescence. Although important progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms underlying the age-related decline of the immune response to infections and vaccinations, knowledge gaps remain, both in the areas of basic and translational research...
2018: NPJ Aging and Mechanisms of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277462/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-prevent-infant-overweight-in-a-high-risk-population
#11
Elizabeth Reifsnider, David P McCormick, Karen W Cullen, Michael Todd, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Lucia Reyna
INTRODUCTION: Infants are at risk of overweight. Infant overweight predisposes child, adolescent, and adult to obesity. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that parent education, initiated prenatally, and provided in the home, would reduce the incidence of infant overweight at age 12 months. METHODS: Pregnant obese Latina women were recruited at WIC and randomized to intervention versus control. Intervention subjects received home visits by trained Spanish-fluent community health workers who provided counseling on infant growth, breastfeeding, nutrition, child development, sleep, physical activity, and safety...
December 22, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273036/sport-and-ageing-a-systematic-review-of-the-determinants-and-trends-of-participation-in-sport-for-older-adults
#12
Claire R Jenkin, Rochelle M Eime, Hans Westerbeek, Grant O'Sullivan, Jannique G Z van Uffelen
BACKGROUND: The global population is ageing. As ageing is often associated with a decline in health, there is a need to further develop preventative health measures. Physical activity can positively influence older adults' (aged 50 years and older) health. Previous research on the relationship between physical activity and health for older adults has mainly focused on physical activity in general, and not specific types of exercise. Due to the social nature of sport, it may assist in improving physical, mental and social health for older adults...
December 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234919/-soft-skills-somewhat-different-doping
#13
REVIEW
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224701/physical-activity-in-older-people-case-studies-of-how-to-make-change-happen
#14
REVIEW
Monica Rodrigues Perracini, Marcia Rodrigues Costa Franco, Natalia Aquaroni Ricci, Catherine Blake
Enhancing physical activity (PA) is recognized as a powerful intervention for the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases and disability in older people. Furthermore, there is an agreement that increased PA in daily life is a key determinant of active and healthy ageing and should be recommended for frail and sedentary older people. Unfortunately, relatively few older people engage in regular PA or stay active in the long term. This article summarizes and discusses PA recommendations for older adults without focussing on specific diseases, presents the main barriers and facilitators for increasing PA levels, and considers the implementation of these recommendations on the basis of the existing evidence...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224700/preventing-weakness-and-stiffness-a-top-priority-for-health-and-social-care
#15
REVIEW
Muir Gray, Kenny Butler
With growing evidence that sarcopenia, disability and frailty can be prevented with physical activity, people living with pain, stiffness and weakness due to a musculoskeletal condition should be offered physical activity as a preventive strategy. By changing beliefs and attitudes towards ageing and raising the value and importance of physical activity, disability can be avoided or delayed and the costly burden of social care lessened. The effects of ageing and the effects of muscle strength loss are often confused...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222266/impact-of-bone-disease-and-pain-in-thalassemia
#16
REVIEW
Antonio Piga
Conventional treatment of thalassemia, namely regular blood transfusion and iron chelation, improves perspectives and quality of life; however, successful treatment leads to more time in which long-term complications such as bone disease can develop. Thalassemia bone disease (TBD) is unique: all aspects, from bone anatomy and bone quality to mineral density, may be affected, with important morbidity including osteoporosis, fractures, spinal deformities, nerve compression, and pain. Clinical presentations include growth impairment, rickets-like features, back pain, spinal deformities, any sign of nerve compression, severe osteoporosis, and fragility fractures...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212275/physical-exercises-and-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-help-to-improve-uric-acid
#17
Jun Zhou, Yu Wang, Fan Lian, Dongying Chen, Qian Qiu, Hanshi Xu, Liuqin Liang, Xiuyan Yang
Objective: to assess the impact of longitudinal change of the overweight and physical activity on hyperuricemia. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study. Demographic information, clinical features, laboratory findings, body weight and physical exercises pattern were documented. Results: Altogether 4678 cases of hyperuricemia were enrolled. The median aged males were most affected. Individuals in the middle age had the highest prevalence of being overweight (2501/3382, 74...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191168/self-reported-physical-activity-correlates-in-swedish-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Elisabeth Anens, Lena Zetterberg, Charlotte Urell, Margareta Emtner, Karin Hellström
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are considerable. Knowledge about factors that correlate to physical activity is helpful in order to develop successful strategies to increase physical activity in persons with MS. Previous studies have focused on correlates to physical activity in MS, however falls self-efficacy, social support and enjoyment of physical activity are not much studied, as well as if the correlates differ with regard to disease severity...
December 1, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188859/cognitive-performance-does-not-limit-physical-activity-participation-in-the-lifestyle-interventions-and-independence-for-elders-pilot-study-life-p
#19
K F Reid, M P Walkup, J A Katula, K M Sink, S Anton, R Axtell, D R Kerwin, A C King, F Kramer, M E Miller, V Myers, C Rosano, S A Studenski, O L Lopez, J Verghese, R A Fielding, J Williamson
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether multiple domains of baseline cognitive performance were associated with prospective physical activity (PA) adherence in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot study (LIFE-P). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The LIFE-P study was a single-blind, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a PA intervention compared to a successful aging educational intervention in sedentary, mobility-limited older adults. INTERVENTION: A 12-month structured, moderate-intensity, multi-modal PA program that included walking, resistance training, and flexibility exercises...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187725/mobbing-bullying-at-work-in-italy-characteristics-of-successful-court-cases
#20
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Silvia Bernardelli, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: Mobbing (bullying at work) refers to a form of psychological harassment that occurs in the workplace, in which the victim must be systematically and continuously persecuted for a long period of time. The aim of this work is to analyze the court judgments related to mobbing. METHODS: The data, collected from a website that included judgments from an Italian court, were analyzed according to the literature, identifying the type of victims, consequences, methods of harassment, type of mobbers, and compensation decided by the court...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
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