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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926668/examining-life-goals-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#1
Elizabeth P Howard, Kara E Louvar
Self-care and self-management programs are touted as a means to age successfully. Yet, these programs pay little regard to a critical first step-the personal goals of older adults. The capacity to self-identify goals and pursue actions toward goal achievement transcends age. An examination of life goals identified by community-dwelling, low-income older adults indicates that functional performance mechanisms are valued. Maintenance of health and increased physical activity were the two most commonly identified personal goals within a sample of 161 community-dwelling older adults residing in subsidized housing...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903738/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-activity-with-individual-goal-setting-and-volunteer-mentors-to-overcome-sedentary-lifestyle-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-cognitive-decline-the-indigo-trial-protocol
#2
Kay L Cox, Elizabeth V Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P Almeida, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge necessitating the need for more engaging and innovative approaches. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether a home-based 6-month PA intervention with individual goal-setting and peer mentors (GM-PA) can significantly increase PA levels in insufficiently active older adults at increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
September 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894289/factors-associated-with-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-following-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#3
J R Ryder, A C Gross, C K Fox, A M Kaizer, K D Rudser, T M Jenkins, M B Ratcliff, A S Kelly, S Kirk, R M Siegel, T H Inge
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery produces robust weight loss, however, factors associated with long-term weight-loss maintenance among adolescents undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery are unknown. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifty adolescents (mean±s.d. age and body mass index (BMI)=17.1±1.7 years and 59±11 kg m(-2)) underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, had follow-up visits at 1 year and at a visit between 5 and 12 years following surgery (Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus years (FABS-5+) visit; mean±s...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885962/cold-acclimation-does-not-alter-physiological-or-perceptual-responses-during-subsequent-exercise-in-the-heat
#4
Douglas M Jones, Kaitlyn A Rostomily, Carina M Pautz, Danica W Ito, Stephen P Bailey, Bart Roelands, Michael J Buono, Romain Meeusen
INTRODUCTION: Warfighters often train and conduct operations in cold environments. Specifically, military trainees and divers that are repeatedly exposed to cold water may experience inadvertent cold acclimatization, which results in body heat retention. These same warfighters can quickly switch between environments (cold to hot or hot to cold) given the nature of their work. This may present a risk of early onset of hyperthermia when cold-acclimatized warfighters are subsequently exposed to physiological insults that increase body temperature, such as exercise and heat stress...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854612/couples-shared-beliefs-about-aging-and-implications-for-future-functional-limitations
#5
Shannon T Mejía, Richard Gonzalez
Purpose of the Study: Individual beliefs are known to be predictive of health. This study examines the co-construction of couple norms and links couples' shared beliefs about aging to future individuals' and couples' functional limitations. Design and Methods: Data from the 2008 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (1,231 couples; age range = 51-90) were analyzed using latent variables that estimated shared and individual variance in beliefs about aging in 2008 and functional limitations at follow-up in 2014...
August 1, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851462/effects-of-a-brief-pedometer-based-behavioral-intervention-for-individuals-with-copd-during-inpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-6-week-and-6-month-objectively-measured-physical-activity-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Wolfgang Geidl, Jana Semrau, René Streber, Nicola Lehbert, Silke Wingart, Alexander Tallner, Michael Wittmann, Rupert Wagner, Konrad Schultz, Klaus Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs often fail to substantially enhance long-term physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The reasons for successful physical activity changes in patients with COPD are not well understood. The need to better understand the determinants of physical activity in patients with COPD and effective rehabilitation strategies to improve physical activity is evident. METHODS/DESIGN: The STAR study (Stay Active after Rehabilitation) investigates, in a randomized controlled trial, the additional effect of a pedometer-based behavior-change intervention during inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation on objectively measured physical activity 6 weeks and 6 months post rehabilitation...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851329/process-evaluation-results-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-childhood-obesity-prevention-trial-the-waves-study
#7
T L Griffin, J L Clarke, E R Lancashire, M J Pallan, P Adab
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of childhood obesity and its related consequences emphasises the importance of developing and evaluating interventions aimed at prevention. The importance of process evaluation in health intervention research is increasingly recognised, assessing implementation and participant response, and how these may relate to intervention success or failure. A comprehensive process evaluation was designed and undertaken for the West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children (WAVES) study that tested the effectiveness of an obesity prevention programme for children aged 6-7 years, delivered in 24 UK schools...
August 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851276/effects-of-horticultural-therapy-on-elderly-health-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Hui Yu Chan, Roger Chun-Man Ho, Rathi Mahendran, Kheng Siang Ng, Wilson Wai-San Tam, Iris Rawtaer, Chay Hoon Tan, Anis Larbi, Lei Feng, Angelia Sia, Maxel Kian-Wee Ng, Goh Lee Gan, Ee Heok Kua
BACKGROUND: Due to a rapidly ageing population in the world, it is increasingly pertinent to promote successful ageing strategies which are cost-effective, easily accessible, and more likely to be acceptable to the elderly. Past research associates exposure to natural environments and horticultural therapy (HT) with positive psychological, social and physical health benefits. This Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) is designed to evaluate the efficacy of HT in promoting Asian elderly' mental health, cognitive functioning and physical health...
August 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837231/physical-activity-quality-of-life-and-successful-ageing-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
M Choi, M Lee, M-J Lee, D Jung
AIM: To identify the relationships between physical activity, quality of life and successful ageing among community-dwelling older adults in South Korea. BACKGROUND: With increasing numbers of financially stable and active older adults, it has become imperative to understand successful ageing to promote well-being in this population. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected from senior welfare centres from August to November 2013. Participants were adults aged 65 years or older living in urban areas...
September 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826701/outcomes-of-men-on-active-surveillance-for-low-risk-prostate-cancer-at-a-safety-net-hospital
#10
E Charles Osterberg, Nynikka R A Palmer, Catherine R Harris, Gregory P Murphy, Sarah D Blaschko, Carissa Chu, Isabel E Allen, Matthew R Cooperberg, Peter R Carroll, Benjamin N Breyer
PURPOSE: To characterize demographic, disease, and cancer outcomes of men on active surveillance (AS) at a safety-net hospital and characterize those who were lost to follow-up (LTFU). METHODS: From January 2004 to November 2014, 104 men with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) were followed with AS at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital (ZSFG). Criteria for AS have evolved over time; however, patients with diagnostic prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 10ng/mL or less, clinical stage T1/2, biopsy Gleason score 3 + 3 or 3 + 4, 33% or fewer positive cores, and 50% or less tumor in any single core were potentially eligible for AS...
August 17, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826348/home-based-and-technology-centered-childhood-obesity-prevention-for-chinese-mothers-with-preschool-aged-children
#11
Angela Sun, Joyce Cheng, Quynh Bui, Yvonne Liang, Terence Ng, Jyu-Lin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Nearly a quarter of preschool-aged Chinese American children are overweight or obese. Children of overweight mothers are at higher risk for obesity. Efforts to prevent obesity among low-income minority children with overweight mothers should start in early childhood. METHODOLOGY: This randomized pilot study consisted of 8 weekly sessions, examined feasibility of a tablet computer-based intervention among 32 mother-child dyads. The study estimated effect size of the intervention at baseline, 3 and 6 months on maternal outcomes including self-efficacy, eating behaviors, physical activity, child-feeding practices, and change in body mass index...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820949/association-between-patient-factors-and-outcome-of-synthetic-cartilage-implant-hemiarthroplasty-vs-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-in-advanced-hallux-rigidus
#12
Andy Goldberg, Dishan Singh, Mark Glazebrook, Chris M Blundell, Gwyneth De Vries, Ian L D Le, Dominic Nielsen, M Elizabeth Pedersen, Anthony Sakellariou, Matthew Solan, Alastair S E Younger, Timothy R Daniels, Judith F Baumhauer
BACKGROUND: We evaluated data from a clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ1) implant hemiarthroplasty and arthrodesis to determine the association between patient factors and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years with hallux rigidus grade 2, 3, or 4 were treated with synthetic cartilage implant MTPJ1 hemiarthroplasty or arthrodesis. Pain visual analog scale (VAS), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) sports and activities of daily living (ADL) scores, and Short Form-36 Physical Function (SF-36 PF) subscore were obtained preoperatively, and at 2, 6, 12, 24, 52, and 104 weeks postoperatively...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#13
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795355/effects-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-education-on-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-during-a-13-year-follow-up
#14
Sara Jalali-Farahani, Parisa Amiri, Hasti Masihay Akbar, Leila Cheraghi, Mehrdad Karimi, Fereidoun Azizi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine effects of community-based healthy lifestyle education on the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Tehranian children considering parental factors during a 13-year follow-up. METHODS: This study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) on 1603 healthy children, aged 8-18 years, who had complete parental data. Parental factors including MetS, education, age, occupation, and smoking were considered to distinguish parental clusters which could potentially predispose children to MetS...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776926/interdependence-of-physical-inactivity-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-low-dietary-intake-extrapulmonary-manifestations-in-older-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#15
Kazuya Yoshimura, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Minoru Yamada, Koichi Hasegawa, Hirofumi Kiyokawa, Michiaki Mishima, Tomoki Aoyama
AIM: Extrapulmonary manifestations, such as reductions in skeletal muscle and physical inactivity, are important clinical features of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and might depend on the severity of COPD. As it is still unclear whether the relationship between muscle loss and physical inactivity is dominated by a disease-specific relationship or caused by patient factors, including physiological aging, we aimed to investigate the pulmonary or extrapulmonary factors associated with physical inactivity among older COPD patients...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768065/multiple-influences-on-participating-in-physical-activity-in-older-age-developing-a-social-ecological-approach
#16
Elisabeth R Boulton, Maria Horne, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the benefits of engaging in physical activity (PA) is strong, yet the number of older adults meeting the recommended 150 min/wk is low. Policy to increase uptake and adherence has focussed on the health benefits of PA, but may not be the most successful approach. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to ask older adults what the components of a successful intervention to promote PA would be, by asking active older adults what motivated them to be active and asking inactive older adults what might encourage them to change...
August 2, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759386/preventive-therapy-for-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Jack Cuzick
Therapeutic cancer prevention is a developing area that can gain a lot from the successes in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Although weight control and physical activity are important in the prevention of both diseases, several other preventive measures exist. Low-dose aspirin for cancer prevention is often cited as the most important approach in terms of population benefit, and should be offered to those older than 50 years of age without hypertension or risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding...
August 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759129/the-effect-of-a-two-year-school-based-daily-physical-activity-intervention-on-a-clustered-cvd-risk-factor-score-the-sogndal-school-intervention-study
#18
G K Resaland, E Aadland, A K O Nilsen, J B Bartholomew, L B Andersen, S A Anderssen
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in clustered cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in 9-year-old children following a 2-year school-based physical activity intervention. METHODS: In total, 259 children (age 9.3 ± 0.3 years) were invited, of whom 256 participated. The intervention group (63 boys, 62 girls) carried out 60-minute teacher-controlled daily physical activity over two school years. The control group (62 boys, 69 girls) had the curriculum-defined amount of physical education (45 minutes twice each week)...
July 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751932/does-regular-exercise-counter-t-cell-immunosenescence-reducing-the-risk-of-developing-cancer-and-promoting-successful-treatment-of-malignancies
#19
REVIEW
James E Turner, Patricia C Brum
Moderate intensity aerobic exercise training or regular physical activity is beneficial for immune function. For example, some evidence shows that individuals with an active lifestyle exhibit stronger immune responses to vaccination compared to those who are inactive. Encouragingly, poor vaccine responses, which are characteristic of an ageing immune system, can be improved by single or repeated bouts of exercise. In addition, exercise-induced lymphocytosis, and the subsequent lymphocytopenia, is thought to facilitate immune surveillance, whereby lymphocytes search tissues for antigens derived from viruses, bacteria, or malignant transformation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742742/practical-applications-of-physical-activity-for-successful-cognitive-aging
#20
Kelly Conner, Cameron Young Sweeney, Tayla Brown, Lauren Childs, Samantha Rogers, Tanya Gregory
As patients lose cognitive function, they lose autonomy and increasingly use fiscal, social, and medical resources. Healthcare costs for Americans older than age 65 years are three to five times higher than for the remaining population, and dementia is the third most costly disease in the United States. Interventions that promote successful aging can help patients and reduce the financial, workforce, and treatment resource burdens on the population. Because a relationship between physical activity, particularly aerobic exercise, and cognitive decline has been established, physical activity interventions may prove practical, affordable, and effective...
August 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
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