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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732177/inguinal-hernia-in-athletes-role-of-dynamic-ultrasound
#1
William Kelton Vasileff, Mikhail Nekhline, Patricia A Kolowich, Gary B Talpos, Willam R Eyler, Marnix van Holsbeeck
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is a commonly encountered cause of pain in athletes. Because of the anatomic complexity, lack of standard imaging, and the dynamic condition, there is no unified opinion explaining its underlying pathology. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes with persistent groin pain would have a high prevalence of inguinal hernia with dynamic ultrasound, and herniorrhaphy would successfully return athletes to activity. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719225/association-between-social-support-and-self-care-behaviors-in-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Zijing Chen, Vincent S Fan, Basia Belza, Kenneth Pike, Huong Q Nguyen
RATIONALE: Higher social support is associated with a better quality of life and functioning in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between structural and functional social support and self-care behaviors in adults with COPD. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study using data from the CASCADE (COPD Activity: Serotonin Transporter, Cytokines, and Depression) study which was focused on depression and functioning in COPD...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713072/link-worker-social-prescribing-to-improve-health-and-well-being-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-qualitative-study-of-service-user-perceptions
#3
Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Sarah Lawson, Linda Penn, Nicola O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with thematic analysis of the data. INTERVENTION: Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710141/perspective-improving-nutritional-guidelines-for-sustainable-health-policies-current-status-and-perspectives
#4
Paolo Magni, Dennis M Bier, Sergio Pecorelli, Carlo Agostoni, Arne Astrup, Furio Brighenti, Robert Cook, Emanuela Folco, Luigi Fontana, Robert A Gibson, Ranieri Guerra, Gordon H Guyatt, John Pa Ioannidis, Ann S Jackson, David M Klurfeld, Maria Makrides, Basil Mathioudakis, Alessandro Monaco, Chirag J Patel, Giorgio Racagni, Holger J Schünemann, Raanan Shamir, Niv Zmora, Andrea Peracino
A large body of evidence supports the notion that incorrect or insufficient nutrition contributes to disease development. A pivotal goal is thus to understand what exactly is appropriate and what is inappropriate in food ingestion and the consequent nutritional status and health. The effective application of these concepts requires the translation of scientific information into practical approaches that have a tangible and measurable impact at both individual and population levels. The agenda for the future is expected to support available methodology in nutrition research to personalize guideline recommendations, properly grading the quality of the available evidence, promoting adherence to the well-established evidence hierarchy in nutrition, and enhancing strategies for appropriate vetting and transparent reporting that will solidify the recommendations for health promotion...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710046/image-guidance-to-aid-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-a-lumbar-fracture-dislocation-injury-in-a-toddler
#5
John K Houten, Jonathan Nahkla, Shashank Ghandi
BACKGROUND: Pedicle screw fixation of the lumbar spine in children less than two years of age is particularly challenging, as successful cannulation of the small pedicle dimensions require a high level of precision and there are no implants specifically designed for the infantile spine. Image-guided navigation is commonly used in adult spinal surgery and may be particularly helpful for placement of spinal screws where the bony anatomy is small and/or anatomically complex as in the upper cervical area...
July 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707359/the-feasibility-of-using-pedometers-for-self-report-of-steps-and-accelerometers-for-measuring-physical-activity-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-across-an-18-month-intervention
#6
L T Ptomey, E A Willis, J Lee, R A Washburn, C A Gibson, J J Honas, J E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Improving physical activity in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) is recommended to improve weight loss and general health. However, in order to determine the success of physical activity interventions, identification of feasible methods for assessment of physical activities is necessary. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of adults with IDD to track daily steps and wear an accelerometer. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults with mild to moderate IDD followed a diet and physical activity program for 18 months...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704138/evaluation-of-a-successful-aging-promotion-intervention-program-for-middle-aged-adults-in-taiwan
#7
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Shu-Hui Chuang, Shang-Wei Hsu, Ho-Jui Tung, Shu-Ching Chang, Ming-Ming Lee, Jiun-Yi Wang, Li-Ting Kuo, Fang-Ya Tseng, An-Ting Po
PURPOSE: This study was to implement and evaluate a successful aging intervention program for middle-aged private insurance beneficiaries. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the staff and middle-aged clients for the experimental and control groups of a private insurance company. The two client (experimental and control) groups were matched by comparable age groups, gender, education, and purchased insurance types. The intervention program provided for the staff and the experimental group consisted of a series of educational courses on the topics about successful aging and preparation for 4 months...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697803/effects-of-a-physical-activity-and-nutrition-program-in-retirement-villages-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Jonine Jancey, Anne-Marie Holt, Andy Lee, Deborah Kerr, Suzanne Robinson, Li Tang, A S Anderson, Andrew Hills, Peter Howat
BACKGROUND: This cluster randomised controlled trial aimed to determine if a 6- month home-based intervention could improve the physical activity and dietary behaviours of adults aged 60 to 80 years living in retirement villages located in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: Participants (n = 363) from 38 retirement villages were recruited into the trial and allocated to the intervention (n = 197: 17 sites) or control (n = 166: 21 sites) group and were blinded...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697797/increasing-students-physical-activity-during-school-physical-education-rationale-and-protocol-for-the-self-fit-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Amy S Ha, Chris Lonsdale, David R Lubans, Johan Y Y Ng
BACKGROUND: The Self-determined Exercise and Learning For FITness (SELF-FIT) is a multi-component school-based intervention based on tenets of self-determination theory. SELF-FIT aims to increase students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during physical education lessons, and enhance their autonomous motivation towards fitness activities. Using a cluster randomized controlled trial, we aim to examine the effects of the intervention on students' MVPA during school physical education...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684053/three-step-method-for-menstrual-and-oral-contraceptive-cycle-verification
#10
Mia A Schaumberg, David G Jenkins, Xanne A K Janse de Jonge, Lynne M Emmerton, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVES: Fluctuating endogenous and exogenous ovarian hormones may influence exercise parameters; yet control and verification of ovarian hormone status is rarely reported and limits current exercise science and sports medicine research. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualised three-step method in identifying the mid-luteal or high hormone phase in endogenous and exogenous hormone cycles in recreationally-active women and determine hormone and demographic characteristics associated with unsuccessful classification...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675907/the-role-of-leisure-activities-in-mediating-the-relationship-between-physical-health-and-well-being-differential-patterns-in-old-and-very-old-age
#11
Andreas Ihle, Élvio R Gouveia, Bruna R Gouveia, Bernadette W A van der Linden, Julia Sauter, Rainer Gabriel, Michel Oris, Delphine Fagot, Matthias Kliegel
BACKGROUND: Recently, Paggi et al. [Gerontology 2016;62:450-458] for the very first time showed in a cross-sectional sample of 259 adults aged 18-81 years that the relation of physical health to psychological well-being was mediated via frequency of leisure activity participation. OBJECTIVE: To extend this framework, we followed theories on successful aging and vulnerability to propose to add a differential perspective predicting that certain individuals may be more vulnerable than others and therefore may show differences in the mediation pattern...
July 5, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665378/-the-application-of-general-magnetic-therapy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-herniated-intervertebral-discs
#12
D D Voronina, A G Kulikov, I A Luppova, O V Yarustovskaya
AIM: The objective of the present work was to rehabilitate more efficiently the patients who had undergone the surgical treatment for herniated discs in the lumbosacral spine by applying general magnetic therapy during the combined treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 73 patients underwent the medical examination and treatment. The patients matched for age and sex presenting with similar clinical symptoms were divided into two groups. All of them received initial therapy that included medication, therapeutic physical exercises, and aquatic therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664755/non-locomotive-physical-activity-intervention-using-a-tri-axial-accelerometer-reduces-sedentary-time-in-type-2-diabetes
#13
Toshiaki Miyamoto, Kazuhito Fukuda, Yoshitake Oshima, Toshio Moritani
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine whether the use of a tri-axial accelerometer can reduce sedentary time and increase non-locomotive physical activity (N-LPA), and to investigate the effect of this intervention on parameters of glucose and fat metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with type 2 diabetes (Age: 61.8 ± 1.4 years, BMI: 24.8 ± 0.6, HbA1c: 6.6 ± 0.1 %) participated in this 12-week randomized controlled study, and 31 patients were included in the final analyses...
July 11, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659774/electromyographic-pattern-during-gait-initiation-differentiates-yoga-practitioners-among-physically-active-older-subjects
#14
Thierry Lelard, Pierre-Louis Doutrellot, Abdou Temfemo, Said Ahmaidi
During gait initiation, postural adjustments are needed to deal with balance and movement. With aging, gait initiation changes and reflects functional degradation of frailty individuals. However, physical activities have demonstrated beneficial effects of daily motor tasks. The aim of our study was to compare center of pressure (COP) displacement and ankle muscle co-activation during gait initiation in two physically active groups: a group of walkers (n = 12; mean age ± SD 72.6 ± 3.2 years) and a yoga group (n = 11; 71...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644935/triquetrohamate-impaction-syndrome-an-unrecognized-cause-of-ulnar-sided-wrist-pain-its-presentation-further-defined
#15
Gary M Lourie, Colin Booth, Ross Nathan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to further define the clinical condition triquetrohamate (TH) impaction syndrome (THIS), an entity underreported and missed often. Its presentation, physical findings, and treatment are presented. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, 18 patients were diagnosed with THIS. The age, sex, hand involved, activity responsible for symptoms, and defining characteristics were recorded. The physical findings, along with ancillary studies, were reviewed...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642215/what-motivates-young-adults-to-talk-about-physical-activity-on-social-network-sites
#16
Ni Zhang, Shelly Campo, Jingzhen Yang, Petya Eckler, Linda Snetselaar, Kathleen Janz, Emily Leary
BACKGROUND: Electronic word-of-mouth on social network sites has been used successfully in marketing. In social marketing, electronic word-of-mouth about products as health behaviors has the potential to be more effective and reach more young adults than health education through traditional mass media. However, little is known about what motivates people to actively initiate electronic word-of-mouth about health behaviors on their personal pages or profiles on social network sites, thus potentially reaching all their contacts on those sites...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641591/foucault-retires-to-the-gym-understanding-embodied-aging-in-the-third-age
#17
Kristi A Allain, Barbara Marshall
In light of recent social pressures leading to a reimagining of the "Third Age" as a time of constant activity rather than repose and relaxation, this article explores the pressure on individuals to age "successfully" by engaging in physical activity in later life. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 retired or semi-retired gym-goers (eight women and seven men), the article examines how this call to increased activity impacts the ways active mid-life and older adults understand themselves and others...
June 23, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#18
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607235/meeting-the-current-and-future-health-care-needs-of-sri-lanka-s-ageing-population
#19
Dilhar Samaraweera, Shiromi Maduwage
Sri Lanka is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. This rapid demographic transition is expected to result in one quarter of the population being elderly by the year 2041. Profound challenges face the country as a result, especially with respect to planning adequate elderly-oriented services in the social-care and health-care sectors. In response to this need, many initiatives have been put in place to promote and protect the welfare of older people, and these rights have been inscribed in law. Within the health sector, despite the wealth of policies and initiatives in recent years, it is clear that the existing health infrastructure and systems still require strengthening, reorientation and coordination, to meet the needs of the growing population of elderly individuals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#20
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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