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Physical activity and successful aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419814/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-treatment-of-symptomatic-benign-thyroid-nodules-a-prospective-study
#1
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Carlos K H Wong
Purpose To evaluate first-year efficacy and changes in pressure symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after ultrasonographically (US) guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of symptomatic benign thyroid nodules. Materials and Methods After ethics approval and informed consent were obtained, a prospective trial was conducted. Patients with a symptomatic benign thyroid nodule were given a choice of HIFU treatment or active surveillance. Clinical and US examinations, pressure symptom scores (visual analog scale), and HRQOL questionnaires (short form-12 survey) were evaluated at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 18, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412311/cross-national-investigation-of-the-drivers-of-obesity-re-assessment-of-past-findings-and-avenues-for-the-future
#2
Katrien Cooremans, Maggie Geuens, Mario Pandelaere
In this paper we question whether prior cross-national differences in food attitudes still exist and if so, to what extent. Due to societal evolutions such as sedentarism and globalization, international variations in food attitudes may not be as pronounced as currently believed. A cross-sectional web-based survey was carried out in the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Belgium. A total of 2167 respondents (52% women; mean age = 39.0 years, SD = 11.4) participated. To successfully combat obesity, a joint approach focusing on food choice and physical activity is required; therefore we included behavioral measures by means of choice tasks for these two important drivers...
April 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410568/health-functional-ability-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-people-65-years-and-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Vivien Rodgers, Stephen Neville, Steven La Grow
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life is a subjective and complex interplay of an older persons' perspective on their life achievements. Satisfaction with life, alongside health and functional ability are major contributors to successful ageing. AIM: This study explored the impact of increasing age on older people's perceptions of their health, functional ability and life satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of non-institutionalised older people (65+) was conducted (n = 542) in the Manawatu region of New Zealand...
April 14, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405344/successful-long-term-weight-loss-among-participants-with-diabetes-receiving-an-intervention-promoting-an-adapted-mediterranean-style-dietary-pattern-the-heart-healthy-lenoir-project
#4
Genevieve G R Embree, Carmen D Samuel-Hodge, Larry F Johnston, Beverly A Garcia, Ziya Gizlice, Kelly R Evenson, Darren A DeWalt, Alice S Ammerman, Thomas C Keyserling
OBJECTIVE: To examine weight change by diabetes status among participants receiving a Mediterranean-style diet, physical activity, and weight loss intervention adapted for delivery in the southeastern USA, where rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are disproportionately high. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The intervention included: Phase I (months 1-6), an individually tailored intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and increased walking; Phase II (months 7-12), option of a 16-week weight loss intervention for those with BMI≥25 kg/m(2) offered as 16 weekly group sessions or 5 group sessions and 10 phone calls, or a lifestyle maintenance intervention; and Phase III (months 13-24), weight loss maintenance intervention for those losing ≥8 pounds with all others receiving a lifestyle maintenance intervention...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397158/factors-related-to-lifestyle-goal-achievement-in-a-diabetes-prevention-program-dissemination-study
#5
Yvonne L Eaglehouse, Elizabeth M Venditti, M Kaye Kramer, Vincent C Arena, Karl K Vanderwood, Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Andrea M Kriska
The U.S. Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) showed that lifestyle participants who achieved ≥7% weight loss and ≥150 min/week physical activity experienced the greatest reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence. Demographic, clinical, and program factors that are related to achieving both these lifestyle goals have seldom been explored in community-delivered DPP programs. The purpose of this investigation is to examine factors associated with concurrent achievement of weight loss and physical activity goals in a 12-month community DPP lifestyle intervention...
April 10, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396993/ambulant-monitoring-and-web-accessible-home-based-exercise-program-during-outpatient-follow-up-for-resected-lung-cancer-survivors-actual-use-and-feasibility-in-clinical-practice
#6
J G Timmerman, M G H Dekker-van Weering, M M Stuiver, W G Groen, M W J M Wouters, T M Tönis, H J Hermens, M M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a telehealthcare application for operable lung cancer (OLC) patients, consisting of ambulant symptom and physical activity monitoring (S&PAM) and a web-accessible home-based exercise program (WEP), and identify possible barriers for successful adoption and implementation. METHODS: A two-stage mixed methods design was used, in which 22 OLC patients and their treating healthcare professionals (HCPs) participated from pre-surgery to three (stage 1; n = 10) or six (stage 2; n = 12) months post-surgery...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#7
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384342/assessing-gene-environment-interaction-effects-of-fto-mc4r-and-lifestyle-factors-on-obesity-using-an-extreme-phenotype-sampling-design-results-from-the-hunt-study
#8
Thea Bjørnland, Mette Langaas, Valdemar Grill, Ingrid Løvold Mostad
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the influence of age, gender and lifestyle factors on the effect of the obesity-promoting alleles of FTO and MCR4. METHODS: The HUNT study comprises health information on the population of Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway. Extreme phenotype participants (gender-wise lower and upper quartiles of waist-hip-ratio and BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) in the third survey, HUNT3 (2006-08), were genotyped for the single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs9939609 (FTO) and rs17782313 (MC4R); 25686 participants were successfully genotyped...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367987/accelerometer-assessed-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-successful-ageing-results-from-the-whitehall-ii-study
#9
Mehdi Menai, Vincent T van Hees, Alexis Elbaz, Mika Kivimaki, Archana Singh-Manoux, Séverine Sabia
Physical activity is key for successful ageing, but questions remain regarding the optimal physical activity pattern. We examined the cross-sectional association between physical activity and successful ageing using data on 3,749 participants (age range = 60-83years) of the Whitehall II study. The participants underwent a clinical assessment, completed a 20-item physical activity questionnaire, and wore a wrist-mounted accelerometer for 9 days. Successful ageing was defined as good cognitive, motor, and respiratory functioning, along with absence of disability, mental health problems, and major chronic diseases...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350830/first-year-physical-activity-findings-from-turn-up-the-heat-healthy-eating-and-activity-time-in-summer-day-camps
#10
R Glenn Weaver, Keith Brazendale, Jessica L Chandler, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Justin B Moore, Jennifer L Huberty, Dianne S Ward, Michael W Beets
BACKGROUND: Summer day camps (SDCs) serve 14 million children yearly in the U.S. and aim to provide participating children with 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This study evaluated an intervention designed to increase the percent of children meeting this MVPA guideline. DESIGN: Two-group, pre-post quasi-experimental. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Twenty SDCs serving 1,830 children aged 5-12 years were assigned to MVPA intervention (n = 10) or healthy eating attention control (n = 10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348187/protocol-for-systematic-review-of-school-based-interventions-to-prevent-and-control-obesity-in-african-learners
#11
Theodosia Adom, Thandi Puoane, Anniza De Villiers, André Pascal Kengne
INTRODUCTION: The increasing prevalence of obesity and overweight in childhood in developing countries is a public health concern to many governments. Schools play a significant role in the obesity epidemic as well as provide favourable environments for change in behaviours in childhood which can be carried on into adulthood. There is dearth of information on intervention studies in poor-resource settings. This review will summarise the available evidence on school-based interventions that focused on promoting healthy eating and physical activity among learners aged 6-15 years in Africa and to identify factors that lead to successful interventions or potential barriers to success of these programmes within the African context...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338449/development-of-a-preoperative-predictive-model-for-major-complications-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#13
Justin K Scheer, Justin S Smith, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Christopher I Shaffrey, Shay Bess, Alan H Daniels, Robert A Hart, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Gregory M Mundis, Daniel M Sciubba, Tamir Ailon, Douglas C Burton, Eric Klineberg, Christopher P Ames
OBJECTIVE The operative management of patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has a high complication rate and it remains unknown whether baseline patient characteristics and surgical variables can predict early complications (intraoperative and perioperative [within 6 weeks]). The development of an accurate preoperative predictive model can aid in patient counseling, shared decision making, and improved surgical planning. The purpose of this study was to develop a model based on baseline demographic, radiographic, and surgical factors that can predict if patients will sustain an intraoperative or perioperative major complication...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323951/assessing-energy-requirements-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-comparison-against-doubly-labeled-water
#14
Nicholas T Broskey, Monica C Klempel, L Anne Gilmore, Elizabeth F Sutton, Abby D Altazan, Jeffrey H Burton, Eric Ravussin, Leanne M Redman
Context: Weight loss is prescribed to offset the deleterious consequences of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but a successful intervention requires an accurate assessment of energy requirements. Objective: Describe energy requirements in women with PCOS and evaluate common prediction equations compared to doubly-labeled water (DLW). Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Academic research center. Participants: Twenty-eight weight-stable women with PCOS completed a 14-day DLW study along with measures of body composition, resting metabolic rate, and physical activity assessment by accelerometry...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318724/-preliminary-study-of-the-quality-of-life-of-glaucoma-patients-in-the-district-of-sousse-tunisia-sociodemographic-and-clinical-associations
#15
L Knani, F Gatfaoui, A Mahjoub, M Ghorbel, H Mahjoub, F Ben Hadj Hamida
PURPOSE: To assess the vision-specific quality-of-life (VS-QoL) of glaucoma patients followed at Farhat Hached university hospital, Sousse-Tunisia, and identify clinical and sociodemographic factors potentially affecting it. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study enrolling one-hundred twenty patients followed for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). All the patients successfully responded to the Arabic version of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI-VFQ 25)...
March 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317097/engagement-in-advance-care-planning-and-surrogates-knowledge-of-patients-treatment-goals
#16
Terri R Fried, Maria Zenoni, Lynne Iannone, John O'Leary, Brenda T Fenton
OBJECTIVES: A key objective of advance care planning (ACP) is improving surrogates' knowledge of patients' treatment goals. Little is known about whether ACP outside of a trial accomplishes this. The objective was to examine patient and surrogate reports of ACP engagement and associations with surrogate knowledge of goals. DESIGN: Cohort study SETTING: Primary care in a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: 350 community-dwelling veterans age ≥55 years and the individual they would choose to make medical decisions on their behalf, interviewed separately...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292281/skipping-breakfast-is-detrimental-for-primary-school-children-cross-sectional-analysis-of-determinants-for-targeted-prevention
#17
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Meike Traub, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
BACKGROUND: Skipping breakfast was found to be associated with abdominal obesity in primary school children. The aim of this research was to examine factors associated with skipping breakfast in primary school children in order to develop targeted preventive measures. METHODS: Baseline data assessment (2010) of a cluster-randomized controlled trial for the evaluation of a school-based health promotion program in primary school children in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285816/survival-disabilities-in-activities-of-daily-living-and-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-among-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-cohort-study
#18
Yi Zeng, Qiushi Feng, Therese Hesketh, Kaare Christensen, James W Vaupel
BACKGROUND: The oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) are the most rapidly growing age group globally, and are most in need of health care and assistance. We aimed to assess changes in mortality, disability in activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning among oldest-old individuals between 1998 and 2008. METHODS: We used data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. Three pairs of cohorts aged 80-89 years, 90-99 years, and 100-105 years (in total, 19 528 oldest-old participants) were examined; the two cohorts in each pair were born 10 years apart, with the same age at the time of the assessment in the 1998 and 2008 surveys...
March 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284191/a-feasibility-study-with-process-evaluation-of-a-preschool-intervention-to-improve-child-and-family-lifestyle-behaviours
#19
Lorraine McSweeney, Vera Araújo-Soares, Tim Rapley, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Around a fifth of children starting school in England are now overweight/obese. There is a paucity of interventions with the aim of obesity prevention in preschool-age children in the UK. Previous research has demonstrated some positive results in changing specific health behaviours, however, positive trends in overall obesity rates are lacking. Preschool settings may provide valuable opportunities to access children and their families not only for promoting healthy lifestyles, but also to develop and evaluate behaviour-change interventions...
March 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277016/the-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-adult-m%C3%A3-tis
#20
Christopher J Ryan, Martin Cooke, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Scott T Leatherdale, Piotr Wilk
OBJECTIVES: Métis, with a population of close to 390,000 people, are a culturally distinct and constitutionally recognized Aboriginal group in Canada that suffers from poorer overall health than non-Aboriginal Canadians. One important predictor of good health is physical activity. Guided by frameworks based on social and Aboriginal-specific determinants, we investigated the correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and active transportation (walking) among adult Métis, with a particular focus on how culturally specific variables were associated with these two types of activity...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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