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Hospital and services costs for elderly patients

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546324/the-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-health-services-utilization-in-u-s-chinese-older-adults
#1
Dexia Kong, Mengting Li, Jinjiao Wang, Joan K Davitt, Xinqi Dong
Background and Objectives: Depressive symptomatology is a significant predictor of increased health services utilization and health care cost in the general older adult population. However, there is scant information on the relationship between depressive symptoms and health service utilization among U.S. Chinese older adults. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and physician visits, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospitalization...
March 12, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405014/-sharing-perspectives-on-home-healthcare
#2
Pi-Shan Hsu, Jui-An Chen, Yu-Tso Chen, Han-Ming Wu, Szu-Ying Lee, Chung-Liang Lai
The baby boom after World War II, coupled with the rapid advances in medical technology and public health, has led to the current rapid aging in the world's population. Countries in Asia are experiencing a faster rate of aging than most other countries around the world. Taiwan is expected to advance from an aged society to a super-aged society in the next 7~10 years. Consequently, the demand for long-term care is increasing. The focus of healthcare has changed from acute to chronic, from disease-oriented to function-oriented and from cure to care...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389841/emergency-general-surgery-in-geriatric-patients-a-statewide-analysis-of-surgeon-and-hospital-volume-with-outcomes
#3
Ambar Mehta, Linda A Dultz, Bellal Joseph, Joseph K Canner, Kent Stevens, Christian Jones, Elliot R Haut, David T Efron, Joseph V Sakran
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric patients undergoing emergency general surgery (EGS) face significant morbidity and mortality. We assessed how surgeon and hospital volumes affected these outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients at least 65 years old in Maryland's Health Services Cost Review Commission database from 2012-2014 who underwent one of 12 EGS procedures, as defined by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, and then calculated four outcomes: mortality rate, the incidence of at least one of eight common in-hospital EGS complications, failure-to-rescue (death after experiencing a postoperative complication), and the 30-day readmission rate...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368673/analysis-of-postdischarge-costs-following-emergent-general-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#4
Gilgamesh J Eamer, Fiona Clement, Jenelle L Pederson, Thomas A Churchill, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: As populations age, more elderly patients will undergo surgery. Frailty and complications are considered to increase in-hospital cost in older adults, but little is known on costs following discharge, particularly those borne by the patient. We examined risk factors for increased cost and the type of costs accrued following discharge in elderly surgical patients. METHODS: Acute abdominal surgery patients aged 65 years and older were prospectively enrolled...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307979/psychosocial-status-and-economic-dependence-for-healthcare-and-nonhealthcare-among-elderly-population-in-rural-coastal-karnataka
#5
Priyanka Dsouza Rent, Sudeep Kumar, Mackwin Kenwood Dmello, Jagannath Purushotham
Introduction: The elderly who will constitute 10% of the Indian population by 2021 face problems such as deteriorating healthcare status, loneliness, and economic constraints among others. All these factors together may affect the psychosocial status of the elderly and their health-seeking behavior. With this background, the current study tried to evaluate the psychosocial status, economic dependence for health and nonhealth expenses and awareness regarding geriatric welfare services (GWS) among elderly patients...
October 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300986/healthcare-services-utilization-following-admission-for-hip-fracture-in-elderly-patients
#6
Ehud Fliss, Orly Weinstein, Michael Sherf, Jacob Dreiher
Objectives: To assess the effect of hip fracture on healthcare utilization among elderly patients. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Eight general hospitals in Israel, owned by Clalit. Participants: Enrollees >65 years, admitted with a hip fracture during 2009-2013. Main outcome measures: Data collected included demographics, comorbidities, admission details related to the surgical and rehabilitation hospitalizations, mortality and costs...
March 1, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282014/spectrum-characteristics-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-with-increasing-age-in-a-major-metropolitan-renal-service
#7
Usman Mahmood, Helen G Healy, Adrian Kark, Anne Cameron, Zaimin Wang, Rajitha Abeysekera, Wendy E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Aim of our study is to describe, in people with CKD, the demographic and clinical characteristics and outcomes with increasing age. The prevalence of CKD in Western populations, where longevity is the norm, is about 10-15%, but how age influence different characteristics of patients with CKD is largely not known. METHODS: One thousand two hundred sixty-five patients enrolled in the CKD.QLD registry at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital were grouped according to age at consent i...
December 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260234/evaluation-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-programme-for-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Wing-Hoi Cheung, Wan-Yiu Shen, David Lok-Kwan Dai, Kin Bong Lee, Tracy Y Zhu, Ronald Man-Yeung Wong, Kwok-Sui Leung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and cost of an 18-month multi-disciplinary Comprehensive Fragility Fracture Management Program (CFFMP) for fragility hip fracture patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS: Elderly patients with hip fracture were recruited at their first postoperative follow-up in 2 district hospitals. The intervention group comprised patients from the hospital undergoing CFFMP, and the control group comprised patients from another hospital undergoing conventional care...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228992/maccabi-proactive-telecare-center-for-chronic-conditions-the-care-of-frail-elderly-patients
#9
Avi Porath, Angela Irony, Avital Segal Borobick, Shuruk Nasser, Ateret Malachi, Naama Fund, Galit Kaufman
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Maccabi Healthcare Services founded Maccabi Telecare Center (MTC), a multi-disciplinary healthcare service providing telemedical care to complex chronic patients. The current paper describes the establishment and operation of the MTC center, from the identification of the need for the service, through the design of its solution elements, to outcomes in several areas of care. We analyze the effects of the program on elderly frail patients, a growing population with complex and costly needs...
December 11, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211163/perception-of-hearing-loss-use-of-the-subjective-faces-scale-to-screen-hearing-among-the-elderly
#10
Letícia Pimenta Costa-Guarisco, Daniela Dalpubel, Ludimila Labanca, Marcos Hortes Nisihara Chagas
Presbycusis is a disorder present among the elderly. However, it is under-diagnosed, making it important to develop and enhance simple screening tools. OBJECTIVE: The subjective faces scale has been proposed as a method to assess auditory self-perception among the elderly, and its correlation with audiological tests. METHODS: We looked at elderly patients referred to the audiology service of a reference center for the care of the elderly in a public university hospital between February and November 2013...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186782/forging-a-frailty-ready-healthcare-system-to-meet-population-ageing
#11
Wee Shiong Lim, Sweet Fun Wong, Ian Leong, Philip Choo, Weng Sun Pang
The beginning of the 21st century has seen health systems worldwide struggling to deliver quality healthcare amidst challenges posed by ageing populations. The increasing prevalence of frailty with older age and accompanying complexities in physical, cognitive, social and psychological dimensions renders the present modus operandi of fragmented, facility-centric, doctor-based, and illness-centered care delivery as clearly unsustainable. In line with the public health framework for action in the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report, meeting these challenges will require a systemic reform of healthcare delivery that is integrated, patient-centric, team-based, and health-centered...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171828/analysis-of-postdischarge-costs-following-emergent-general-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#12
Gilgamesh J Eamer, Fiona Clement, Jenelle L Pederson, Thomas A Churchill, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: As populations age, more elderly patients will undergo surgery. Frailty and complications are considered to increase in-hospital cost in older adults, but little is known on costs following discharge, particularly those borne by the patient. We examined risk factors for increased cost and the type of costs accrued following discharge in elderly surgical patients. METHODS: Acute abdominal surgery patients aged 65 years and older were prospectively enrolled...
December 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170333/36-frailty-flying-squad-an-emergency-department-focussed-acute-care-of-the-elderly-service-dr-genevieve-robson-royal-united-hospital-nhs-foundation-trust
#13
Samantha Ballham, Scott Buxton, Rosa Camacho, Adrianna Sinclair, Chris Dyer, Nicola Jakeman
INTRODUCTION: The over 75 s make up 20% of our ED attendances. The greatest increase has been in the over 85 s. This very elderly cohort are more likely to be frail and are 10X more likely to require admission than 20-40 year olds and once in hospital have longer stays. There is evidence that multidisciplinary care and early Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) improves outcomes for older patients, reducing readmissions, long term care, greater satisfaction and lower costs. The aim of this project was to improve the acute care provided to our older patients at the Front Door of the hospital...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150794/shunt-surgery-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-is-cost-effective-a-cost-utility-analysis
#14
Mats Tullberg, Josefine Persson, Jakob Petersen, Per Hellström, Carsten Wikkelsø, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of shunt surgery in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: Health-related quality of life was evaluated before and 6 months after surgery using the EQ-5D-3 L (EuroQOL group five-dimensions health survey) in 30 patients (median age, 71 years; range, 65-89 years) diagnosed with iNPH. The costs associated with shunt surgery were assessed by a detailed survey with interviews and extraction of register data concerning the cost of hospital care, primary care, residential care, home-care service and informal care...
March 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096710/putting-research-in-place-an-innovative-approach-to-providing-contextualized-evidence-synthesis-for-decision-makers
#15
Stephen Bornstein, Rochelle Baker, Pablo Navarro, Sarah Mackey, David Speed, Melissa Sullivan
BACKGROUND: The Contextualized Health Research Synthesis Program (CHRSP), developed in 2007 by the Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Applied Health Research, produces contextualized knowledge syntheses for health-system decision makers. The program provides timely, relevant, and easy-to-understand scientific evidence; optimizes evidence uptake; and, most importantly, attunes research questions and evidence to the specific context in which knowledge users must apply the findings. METHODS: As an integrated knowledge translation (KT) method, CHRSP: Involves intensive partnerships with senior healthcare decision makers who propose priority research topics and participate on research teams; Considers local context both in framing the research question and in reporting the findings; Makes economical use of resources by utilizing a limited number of staff; Uses a combination of external and local experts; and Works quickly by synthesizing high-level systematic review evidence rather than primary studies...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090032/the-psychological-abuse-of-the-elderly-a-silent-factor-of-cardiac-decompensation
#16
Adina Carmen Ilie, Anca Iuliana Pîslaru, Ioana Dana Alexa, Adriana Pancu, Ovidiu Gavrilovici, Aliona Dronic
Abuse of the elderly is a major issue debated worldwide. The most commonly identified form of abuse is the physical abuse. It is also the most frequently studied in the medical literature. However, at least six types of elder abuse are identified, and physical abuse is found in a small proportion of the cases. The consequences of abuse are frequent and, by prolonging hospitalizations, they will be associated with high costs of medical services, and patient's lack of self-confidence which, in time, may lead to social isolation, somatization, anxiety, depression, and suicide attempts...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965536/effect-of-an-ageing-population-on-services-for-the-elderly-in-the-northern-territory
#17
Michael Lowe, Pasqualina Coffey
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe the elderly population of the Northern Territory (NT), explore the challenges of delivering aged care services to this population and implications for the acute care sector.Methods Data gathered from a variety of sources were used to describe the demographic and health profile of elderly Territorians, the aged care structure and services in the NT, and admission trends of elderly patients in NT hospitals. Information regarding NT community and residential aged care services was sourced from government reports...
October 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929932/one-year-health-and-care-costs-after-hip-fracture-for-home-dwelling-elderly-patients-in-norway-results-from-the-trondheim-hip-fracture-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Liv Faksvåg Hektoen, Ingvild Saltvedt, Olav Sletvold, Jorunn L Helbostad, Hilde Lurås, Vidar Halsteinli
AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the one-year health and care costs related to hip fracture for home-dwelling patients aged 70 years and older in Norway, paying specific attention to the status of the patients at the time of fracture and cost differences due to various patient pathways after fracture. METHODS: Data on health and care service provision were extracted from hospital and municipal records and from national registries; data on unit costs were collected from the municipalities, hospital administrations and previously published studies...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898930/impact-and-experiences-of-delayed-discharge-a-mixed-studies-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Antonio Rojas-García, Simon Turner, Elena Pizzo, Emma Hudson, James Thomas, Rosalind Raine
BACKGROUND: The impact of delayed discharge on patients, health-care staff and hospital costs has been incompletely characterized. AIM: To systematically review experiences of delay from the perspectives of patients, health professionals and hospitals, and its impact on patients' outcomes and costs. METHODS: Four of the main biomedical databases were searched for the period 2000-2016 (February). Quantitative, qualitative and health economic studies conducted in OECD countries were included...
February 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890528/association-between-economic-status-and-discharge-destination-among-elderly-patients-from-acute-care-hospitals
#20
Nobuo Sakata, Yasuyuki Okumura, Yasuyuki Shirakawa
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the association between economic status and discharge destination of elderly patients from acute care hospitals.Method We conducted a case-control study using data from a survey of elderly discharged patients conducted under the subsidy program of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The questionnaires were mailed to 1,068 acute care hospitals located in the Kanto and Kansai region. The survey asked medical social workers or nurses, who were responsible for the discharge planning, to answer questions about the discharge of elderly patients from their hospitals...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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