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Epidemiology and aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236378/urinary-bisphenol-a-and-obesity-in-adults-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#1
Minh T Do, Vicky C Chang, Michelle A Mendez, Margaret de Groh
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been shown to affect lipid metabolism and promote weight gain in animal studies. Recent epidemiological studies also support a link between BPA and obesity in human populations, although many were limited to a single adiposity measure or have not considered potential confounding by dietary factors. The purpose of this study is to examine associations between urinary BPA and adiposity measures in a nationally representative sample of Canadian adults...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235193/chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-european-older-adults-cross-national-and-gender-differences
#2
M Cimas, A Ayala, B Sanz, M S Agulló-Tomás, A Escobar, M J Forjaz
BACKGROUND: In an ageing Europe, chronic pain is a major public health problem, but robust epidemiological data are scarce. This study aimed to analyse the prevalence of and factors associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain by gender in older adults of 14 European countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from wave 5 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The study included people ≥50 years residing in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234838/clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-traumatic-head-injury-following-road-traffic-accidents-admitted-in-icu-analysis-of-694-cases
#3
Hedi Chelly, Mabrouk Bahloul, Rania Ammar, Ahmed Dhouib, Khaireddine Ben Mahfoudh, Mohamed Zaher Boudawara, Olfa Chakroun, Imen Chabchoub, Anis Chaari, Mounir Bouaziz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to analyze the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) following Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs). Moreover, we aim to evaluate the outcome of the TBI victims referred to our medico-surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and to define predictive factors associated with poor prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective study over a 4-year period (2009 to 2012) of 694 patients with head injuries, incurred during road traffic accidents, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a university hospital (Sfax-Tunisia)...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234603/a-retrospective-study-of-clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-snakebite-related-deaths-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-midnapore-west-bengal-india
#4
Rituparna Ghosh, Koushik Mana, Kripasindhu Gantait, Sumana Sarkhel
Objective: Snakebite is one of the neglected tropical diseases that World Health Organization (WHO) aimed to eradicate. The objective of the study is to investigate the mortality and morbidity due to snakebite at Midnapore Medical College & Hospital in Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal, India. Methods & materials: This is a record-based, retrospective, descriptive epidemiological study conducted from January 2012 to December 2016 at Midnapore Medical College and Hospital(MMCH), Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal...
2018: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233952/epidemiological-study-of-mortality-rate-from-alcohol-and-illicit-drug-abuse-in-iran
#5
Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Ghoreishi, Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: The estimate of mortality associated with illicit opiate use provides useful information to those directing and monitoring local, national and international policies and programs. This study investigated the epidemiology of mortality due to the illegal consumption of narcotics and psychotropic substances in the Iran to provide evidence-based public health data for useful programs and actions aimed at preventing drug-related mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233697/retrospective-analysis-of-471-surgically-treated-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures
#6
Michael Blumer, Sabina Kumalic, Thomas Gander, Martin Lanzer, Claudio Rostetter, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
PURPOSE: Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures are frequent in facial trauma; only fractures of the mandible are more common. Although the frequency of these fractures is geographically consistent, the aetiology differs widely among countries and even regions. Differences in socio-economic status and the ageing population seem to be two causes. This retrospective epidemiological study evaluates patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures at a Swiss university clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 471 patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures in an oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic at a Swiss university hospital between January 2004 and December 2012...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233576/changing-epidemiology-of-haemophilus-influenzae-in-children
#7
REVIEW
David F Butler, Angela L Myers
Haemophilus influenzae remains a common cause of illness in children throughout the world. Before the introduction of vaccination, H influenzae type b (Hib) disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in young children and a frequent cause of pneumonia, epiglottitis, and septic arthritis. Clinicians should remain diligent in counseling parents on the dangers of Hib and provide vaccination starting at 2 months of age. The epidemiology of invasive H influenzae disease is shifting. It is imperative that clinicians recognize the changing epidemiology and antibiotic resistance patterns for H influenzae to optimize care in hospital and ambulatory settings...
December 9, 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233204/is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d-in-supporting-cognitive-function-as-we-age
#8
Niamh Aspell, Brian Lawlor, Maria O'Sullivan
Globally, an estimated 46 million people are currently living with dementia and this figure is projected to increase 3-fold by 2050, highlighting this major public health concern and its substantial associated healthcare costs. With pharmacological treatment yet to reach fruition, the emphasis on evidence-based preventative lifestyle strategies is becoming increasingly important and several modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that may preserve cognitive health. These include good cardiovascular health, physical activity, low alcohol intake, smoking and a healthy diet, with growing interest in vitamin D...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232280/accuracy-of-self-reported-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Vivian S S Gonçalves, Keitty R C Andrade, Kenia M B Carvalho, Marcus T Silva, Mauricio G Pereira, Tais F Galvao
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of self-reported hypertension (HTN) as compared with the clinical diagnosis in epidemiological studies. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, Google Scholar, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: Health & Medicine databases. In addition, we screened the references' lists of relevant reports to identify potentially eligible articles. There were no date or language restrictions...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232272/relative-effects-of-age-race-and-stage-on-mortality-in-gestational-choriocarcinoma
#10
Christopher M Tarney, Chunqiao Tian, Eric R Craig, Barbara A Crothers, John K Chan, Glenn D Gist, Nicholas W Bateman, Thomas P Conrads, Chad A Hamilton, George Larry Maxwell, Kathleen M Darcy
OBJECTIVE: Gestational choriocarcinoma is a malignant form of gestational trophoblastic disease that usually arises after a molar pregnancy, but may follow any antecedent pregnancy. Investigations in this rare cancer are limited. We evaluated the prognostic effects of age, race, and stage in choriocarcinomas diagnosed for 4 decades. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having gestational choriocarcinoma between 1973 and 2014 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program were eligible...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231973/comparative-effectiveness-of-prostate-cancer-screening-between-the-ages-of-55-and-69-years-followed-by-active-surveillance
#11
Tiago M de Carvalho, Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Harry J de Koning
BACKGROUND: Because of the recent grade C draft recommendation by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for prostate cancer screening between the ages of 55 and 69 years, there is a need to determine whether this could be cost-effective in a US population setting. METHODS: This study used a microsimulation model of screening and active surveillance (AS), based on data from the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, for the natural history of prostate cancer and Johns Hopkins AS cohort data to inform the probabilities of referral to treatment during AS...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231899/do-individual-and-neighborhood-characteristics-influence-perceived-air-quality
#12
Séverine Deguen, Manon Padilla, Cindy Padilla, Wahida Kihal-Talantikite
Background: Despite improvements, air pollution still remains a major public health issue. Numerous epidemiological studies have demonstrated the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure based on modeled measures, but only a few have considered the health impact of perceived air quality. Improving our knowledge of individual perceptions is crucial to defining targeted actions and promoting appropriate intervention measures. Our objective is to investigate the relationship between subjective and objective measures of air pollution and to focus on how individual characteristics combined with the neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation index, measured at a fine spatial scale, may or may not alter this relationship...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230550/-acupuncture-covered-by-statutory-health-insurance-in-germany-an-observational-study-based-on-claims-data
#13
L Hickstein, S Kiel, C Raus, S Heß, J Walker, J-F Chenot
BACKGROUND: The coverage for acupuncture for chronic lower back or knee pain by the statutory health insurance was introduced in 2007. The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of patients and providers of acupuncture and temporal and regional trends in the utilization of acupuncture. METHODS: This retrospective observational study used anonymized statutory health insurance claims data from a sample of roughly four million subjects. The sample is representative of the German population regarding age and gender in 2013...
December 11, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230260/-epidemiological-features-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-study-of-36-cases-in-the-cardiology-department-in-dakar
#14
Malick Bodian, Awa Thiaw, Simon Antoine Sarr, Kana Babaka, Fatou Aw, Aliou Alassane Ngaïde, Mouhamadou Bamba Ndiaye, Adama Kane, Modou Jobe, Alassane Mbaye, Maboury Diao, Moustapha Sarr, Serigne Abdou Ba
Introduction: Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a pathophysiologic disorder of the heart and the kidneys whereby acute or chronic dysfunction in one organ may induce acute or chronic dysfunction of the other. In Africa, particularly in Senegal, the incidence of cardiorenal syndrome is not accurately known. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of CRS in the Cardiology Department. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study including all patients with heart failure associated with alteration of renal function, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department between April 2010 and April 2011...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229682/pediatric-injuries-related-to-window-blinds-shades-and-cords
#15
Bridget Onders, Eun Hye Kim, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To provide an epidemiologic description of fatal and nonfatal window blind-related injuries among US children younger than 6 years of age. METHODS: Data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and In-Depth Investigation (IDI) databases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: From 1990 to 2015, there were an estimated 16 827 (95% confidence interval: 13 732-19 922) window blind-related injuries among children younger than 6 years of age treated in emergency departments in the United States, corresponding to an injury rate of 2...
December 11, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229582/survival-after-cytoreductive-nephrectomy-in-metastatic-non-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-a-population-based-study
#16
Michele Marchioni, Marco Bandini, Felix Preisser, Zhe Tian, Anil Kapoor, Luca Cindolo, Giulia Primiceri, Francesco Berardinelli, Alberto Briganti, Shahrokh F Shariat, Luigi Schips, Pierre I Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: The benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy (CNT) for cancer-specific mortality (CSM)-free survival is unclear in contemporary metastatic non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma (non-ccmRCC) patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of CNT in non-ccmRCC patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Within Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry (2001-2014), we identified patients with non-ccmRCC. INTERVENTION: CNT versus no CNT in non-ccmRCC patients...
December 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229437/the-epidemiology-of-hip-fractures-across-western-victoria-australia
#17
Kara L Holloway, Muhammad A Sajjad, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S Page, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Hip fracture incidence varies across different levels of accessibility/remoteness and socioeconomic status (SES). As part of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury Study, we aimed to map the pattern of hip fractures across the western region of the Australian state of Victoria, which contains a range of remoteness levels and SES. METHODS: Data on hip fractures resulting in hospital admission were extracted from the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset (VAED) for men and women aged 40+years during 2010-2013 inclusive...
December 8, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229165/measurement-and-estimation-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Ayesa N Mian, George J Schwartz
Rapid, accurate, and precise measures of kidney function are essential for daily management of patients. While plasma and urinary clearances provide the greatest accuracy for assessing glomerular filtration rate (GFR), these are often impractical particularly for the care of children. Serum creatinine, the most commonly used endogenous marker, is simple, convenient, and practical but less accurate because of the influence of non-GFR determinants such as muscle mass, which increases with age in children. GFR estimating equations have been developed for adults and children to improve the accuracy of endogenous biomarkers, such as creatinine and cystatin C, by accounting for some of the non-GFR determinants, thus enhancing the practitioner's ability to assess GFR...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229084/serological-study-of-bordetella-pertussis-mycoplasma-pneumonia-and-chlamydia-pneumonia-in-iranian-hajj-pilgrims-with-prolonged-cough-illnesses-a-follow-up-study
#19
Masoud Rahimian, Mahdi HosseiniB
INTRODUCTION: Hajj pilgrimage is the biggest and longest mass gathering in the Muslim world. Annually, about 50% of more than 2.5 million pilgrims participating in this ritual get involved in severe devastating coughs. Most coughs continue, so the pilgrims turn back home and transmit them to family members and other people. Despite the high prevalence of coughs for many years, what causes them remains unknown. Considering the pertussis-like clinical picture of the so-called "hajj coughs", the researchers conducted a study to measure antibodies against three known common atypical bacteria, namely Bordetella Pertussis, Chlamydia Pneumonia and Mycoplasma Pneumonia...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229015/risk-factors-for-acquisition-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-and-development-of-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections
#20
U V Ukah, M Glass, B Avery, D Daignault, M R Mulvey, R J Reid-Smith, E J Parmley, A Portt, P Boerlin, A R Manges
We examined risk factors associated with the intestinal acquisition of antimicrobial-resistant extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) and development of community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) in a case-control study of young women across Canada. A total of 399 women were recruited; 164 women had a UTI caused by E. coli resistant to ⩾1 antimicrobial classes and 98 had a UTI caused by E. coli resistant to ⩾3 antimicrobial classes. After adjustment for age, student health service (region of Canada) and either prior antibiotic use or UTI history, consumption of processed or ground chicken, cooked or raw shellfish, street foods and any organic fruit; as well as, contact with chickens, dogs and pet treats; and travel to Asia, were associated with an increased risk of UTI caused by antimicrobial resistant E...
December 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
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