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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734267/status-epilepticus-related-etiology-incidence-and-mortality-a-meta-analysis
#1
Rui-Juan Lv, Qun Wang, Tao Cui, Fei Zhu, Xiao-Qiu Shao
Status epilepticus (SE) is a severe medical condition. To determine its epidemiology and outcome of SE, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the etiology, incidence and mortality of SE. We searched PubMed and Embase between Jan 1, 2000, and Oct 31, 2016, with no regional restrictions, for observational studies of the etiology, incidence and mortality of SE. Forty-three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled crude annual incidence rate, the pooled case fatality rate and the pooled crude annual mortality rate of SE were 12...
July 15, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732381/lymph-node-ratio-but-not-the-total-number-of-examined-lymph-nodes-or-lymph-node-metastasis-is-a-predictor-of-overall-survival-for-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-after-surgical-resection
#2
Peng Liu, Xianbin Zhang, Yuru Shang, Lili Lu, Fei Cao, Min Sun, Zhaohui Tang, Brigitte Vollmar, Peng Gong
AIM: To evaluate the prognostic significance of lymph node metastasis, extent of examined lymph nodes (ELNs) and lymph node ratio (LNR) for resected pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically resected pNENs were assimilated from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the prognostic effect of clinicopathological characteristics on overall survival; Harrell's concordance index was performed to assess the prognostic accuracy of all independent prognostic factors; and the Spearman's rank correlation was used to assess the correlation between LNR and other clinicopathological characteristics...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732371/the-impacts-of-surgery-of-the-primary-cancer-and-radiotherapy-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-metastatic-rectal-cancer
#3
Duo Tong, Fei Liu, Wenhua Li, Wen Zhang
The role of surgery of the primary cancer and radiation in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is still controversial currently, and evidence implied that colon cancer (CC) and rectal cancer (RC) should be treated with difference. Hence we focused on metastatic rectal cancer (mRC) solely to compare the cancer cause-specific survival (CSS) of patients receiving varied treatments of the primary cancer: no treatment, surgery only, radiation only, and surgery plus radiation, based on the records of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732325/epidemiology-and-pathophysiology-of-pregnancy-associated-breast-cancer-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Rossana Ruiz, Carmen Herrero, Kathrin Strasser-Weippl, Diego Touya, Jessica St Louis, Alexandra Bukowski, Paul E Goss
The interactions between pregnancy and breast cancer (BC) are complex. Overall, parity is associated with long-term protective effects against BC, however in a small group of susceptible patients, pregnancy can lead to the development of a form of BC with a particularly poor prognosis. Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) remains an under-studied but important and growing clinical problem worldwide. Several aspects of PABC, including risk factors and mechanisms involved in its occurrence and aggressiveness, are incompletely understood...
July 18, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732038/analysis-of-patient-data-from-laboratories-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-liberia-april-2014-to-march-2015
#5
Yuki Furuse, Mosoka Fallah, Hitoshi Oshitani, Ling Kituyi, Nuha Mahmoud, Emmanuel Musa, Alex Gasasira, Tolbert Nyenswah, Bernice Dahn, Luke Bawo
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia began in March 2014 and ended in January 2016. Epidemiological information on the EVD cases was collected and managed nationally; however, collection and management of the data were challenging at the time because surveillance and reporting systems malfunctioned during the outbreak. EVD diagnostic laboratories, however, were able to register basic demographic and clinical information of patients more systematically. Here we present data on 16,370 laboratory samples that were tested between April 4, 2014 and March 29, 2015...
July 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732033/spatial-and-simultaneous-representative-seroprevalence-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-owners-and-their-domiciled-dogs-in-a-major-city-of-southern-brazil
#6
Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Felippe Danyel Cardoso Martins, Marcelle Mareze, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues Santos, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Camila Marinelli Martins, João Luis Garcia, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Roberta Lemos Freire, Alexander Welker Biondo, Italmar Teodorico Navarro
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731993/-colorectal-cancer-in-young-adults-clinical-and-epidemiological-features-in-the-peruvian-population
#7
Jorge Luna-Abanto, Eliana Rafael-Horna, Fradis Gil-Olivares
OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical epidemiological characteristics of young adult patients with colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information collected by the Direccion General de Epidemiologia by the surveillance strategy in non-communicable diseases for the period 2006-2014 was requested. The rate of age-adjusted incidence and a descriptive statistical analysis of the variables studied were calculated. RESULTS: 1261 CRC cases were reported in patients between 20-49 years of age...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731726/age-period-cohort-analysis-of-colorectal-cancer-service-members-aged-20-59-years-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-1997-2016
#8
Shauna Stahlman, Alexis Oetting
In the U.S. general population, incidence of colorectal cancer appears to be increasing in younger age groups since the mid-1980s. The objective of this report was to better understand the time-varying elements (age, period, and birth cohort effects) in the epidemiology of colorectal cancer among the active component of the U.S. Armed Forces. During 1997-2016, there were 1,108 incident cases of colorectal cancer among service members aged 20-59 years, corresponding to an overall incidence rate of 4.3 per 100,000 person-years (p-yrs)...
July 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731686/pyrethroid-insecticide-cypermethrin-accelerates-pubertal-onset-in-male-mice-via-disrupting-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis
#9
Xiaoqing Ye, Feixue Li, Jianyun Zhang, Huihui Ma, Dapeng Ji, Xin Huang, Thomas E Curry, Weiping Liu, Jing Liu
Pyrethroids, a class of insecticides that are widely used worldwide, have been identified as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Our recent epidemiological study reported on an association of increased pyrethroids exposure with elevated gonadotropins levels and earlier pubertal development in Chinese boys. In this study, we further investigated the effects of cypermethrin (CP), one of the most ubiquitous pyrethroid insecticides, on hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis and pubertal onset in male animal models...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730766/comparison-of-prognosis-and-clinical-features-between-synchronous-bilateral-and-unilateral-breast-cancers
#10
Yusuf Karakas, Neyran Kertmen, Sahin Lacin, Alma Aslan, Metin Demir, Ozturk Ates, Sercan Aksoy, Kadri Altundag
PURPOSE: The clinical significance of synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) is unclear and its influence on prognosis is controversial. Our study objective was to determine the epidemiological features, tumor characteristics, and prognosis of SBBC in comparison with those of unilateral breast cancer (UBC). METHODS: A total of 3675 breast cancer patients diagnosed and treated between 2000 and 2014 were evaluated. Of these patients, 132 (3.6%) had bilateral breast cancer, including 55 patients (1...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730375/higher-dietary-glycemic-index-but-not-glycemic-load-is-associated-with-a-lower-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-young-and-middle-aged-japanese-women
#11
Naoko Minobe, Kentaro Murakami, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiologic evidence on the associations between dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) and depressive symptoms is not only limited, particularly in Asian populations where dietary GI and GL are typically higher than in Western countries, but also inconclusive. This cross-sectional study examined these associations in Japanese women. METHODS: Subjects were 3963 young (age 18-years) and 3826 middle-aged (mean age 47.8 years) Japanese women...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730240/a-16-year-retrospective-study-of-dacryocystitis-in-adult-patients-in-the-moldavia-region-romania
#12
Claudia Florida Costea, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Gabriela Dimitriu, Mădălina Adriana Chihaia, Lucia Indrei, Nicoleta Dumitrescu, Andrei Cucu, Alexandru Cărăuleanu, Cristina Maria Gavrilescu, Irina Iuliana Costache
PURPOSE: Chronic dacryocystitis (CD) is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct with a long-standing evolution. The aims of this study were to analyze the epidemiology and to evaluate the histopathological features and the chronic inflammation score (CIS) system of chronic dacryocystitis in the region of Moldavia, Romania, over a period of 16 years. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive analysis of all pathological reports of chronic dacryocystitis from the Department of Pathology, "Prof...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730170/predictions-and-outcomes-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#13
Mihailo Vukmirović, Aneta Bošković, Irena Tomašević Vukmirović, Radoje Vujadinovic, Nikola Fatić, Zoran Bukumirić, Filip Vukmirović
The large epidemiological studies demonstrated that atrial fibrillation is correlated with high mortality and adverse events in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to determinate predictors of atrial fibrillation develop during the hospital period in patients with acute myocardial infarction as well as short- and long-term mortality depending on the atrial fibrillation presentation. The 600 patients with an acute myocardial infarction were included in the study and follow-up 84 months...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730158/a-rapid-epidemiological-tool-to-measure-the-burden-of-norovirus-infection-and-disease-in-resource-limited-settings
#14
Daniel Olson, Molly M Lamb, Maria Renee Lopez, M Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Alma Zacarias, Gabriela Samayoa-Reyes, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Edwin J Asturias
BACKGROUND: Rapid, cost-effective tools are needed to estimate the disease burden of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and norovirus (NoV) in resource-limited settings. METHODS: Households with children (6 weeks-17 years) in rural Guatemala were randomly enrolled into 2 parallel AGE surveillance systems: (1) a prospective cohort, which included an enrollment visit followed by 1 year of prospective observation using a smartphone-based weekly symptom diary; and (2) 2 sequential cross-sectional rapid active sampling (RAS) surveys...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730080/old-canalicular-laceration-repair-a-retrospective-study-of-the-curative-effects-and-prognostic-factors
#15
Fang Bai, Hai Tao, Yan Zhang, Peng Wang, Cui Han, Yi-Fei Huang, Ye Tao
AIM: To investigate the epidemiology and surgical outcomes of old canalicular laceration and analyze the variables impacting on the prognosis of reparation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all old canalicular laceration repairs from Jan. 1, 2008 to Dec. 30, 2015 was performed. Analyzed data included demographics, mechanisms of injury, the time from injury to repair, causes for delayed repair, old associated injuries, the types of surgery, and the effects of repair using canaliculus anastomosis combined with bicanalicular stent intubation...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729920/annual-vaccine-preventable-disease-report-for-new-south-wales-australia-2014
#16
Nathan Saul, Robin Gilmour, Paula Spokes
This report provides an epidemiological description of selected vaccine-preventable diseases in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, for 2014 to inform ongoing disease monitoring and control efforts. A trend of increasing pertussis notifications was observed, beginning midway through 2014 with the highest disease rates in the 5-9 year age group. Measles notifications increased to 67 cases in 2014 from 34 cases in 2013. Measles cases were associated with travel-related importations-predominantly from the Philippines-and secondary transmission increased compared to 2013 involving three main disease clusters...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729326/associations-between-physical-function-and-depression-in-nursing-home-residents-with-mild-and-moderate-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Linda Aimée Hartford Kvæl, Astrid Bergland, Elisabeth Wiken Telenius
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to describe depression and physical function in nursing home residents with dementia, as well as to examine the associations between depression and balance function, lower limb muscle strength, mobility and activities of daily living. The secondary aim is to examine the differences in physical function between the groups classified as depressed and not depressed. DESIGN: The study has a cross-sectional design. SETTING: A convenience sample of 18 nursing homes in, and around, Oslo, Norway, participated...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729240/empiric-antibiotic-use-and-susceptibility-in-infants-with-bacterial-infections-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Elana A Feldman, Russell J McCulloh, Angela L Myers, Paul L Aronson, Mark I Neuman, Miranda C Bradford, Elizabeth R Alpern, Frances Balamuth, Mercedes M Blackstone, Whitney L Browning, Katie Hayes, Rosalynne Korman, Rianna C Leazer, Lise E Nigrovic, Richard Marble, Emily Roben, Derek J Williams, Joel S Tieder
OBJECTIVES: To assess hospital differences in empirical antibiotic use, bacterial epidemiology, and antimicrobial susceptibility for common antibiotic regimens among young infants with urinary tract infection (UTI), bacteremia, or bacterial meningitis. METHODS: We reviewed medical records from infants <90 days old presenting to 8 US children's hospitals with UTI, bacteremia, or meningitis. We used the Pediatric Health Information System database to identify cases and empirical antibiotic use and medical record review to determine infection, pathogen, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns...
July 20, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729155/incidence-mortality-and-causes-of-death-in-physician-diagnosed-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Hyun Jung Kim, Kyoung Hoon Kim, Hoo Jae Hann, Seungjin Han, Yuri Kim, Sang Hyuk Lee, Dong Sook Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the epidemiological features of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) in Korea at a national level, including the incidence, mortality, and causes of death. METHODS: We used a national, population-based registry database called the Rare Intractable Disease Registration Program from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service to obtain pSS patient data for the period between 2010 and 2014. pSS was diagnosed by a physician based on uniform criteria...
March 8, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729090/the-overlap-between-essential-tremor-and-parkinson-disease
#20
Musleh Algarni, Alfonso Fasano
INTRODUCTION: Essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are common disorders especially in the aging population and can have overlapping features that can make it difficult to differentiate between the two. In addition, a possible overlap from a pathophysiological standpoint has been often advocated in the past. METHODS: In this review article, we gather the recent evidence in favor or against a possible relationship between ET and PD. This exercise follows the new advances in the field of tremor from both a pathophysiological and nosological perspective...
July 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
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