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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444732/low-back-pain-among-nurses-in-slovenian-hospitals-cross-sectional-study
#1
B Skela-Savič, K Pesjak, S Hvalič-Touzery
AIM: The study investigated the prevalence and factors predicting low back pain among nurses in Slovenian hospitals. BACKGROUND: The risk factors for low back pain are physical and psychosocial. Implementation of interventions for reducing low back pain calls for management support, accessible equipment, education, knowledge and risk assessment. INTRODUCTION: Low back pain prevalence and incidence among healthcare workers is very high compared to the general population and is a strong risk factor for long-term sickness absence...
April 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442987/compression-at-myofascial-trigger-point-on-chronic-neck-pain-provides-pain-relief-through-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-autonomic-nervous-system-a-pilot-study
#3
Yoshiki Morikawa, Kouich Takamoto, Hiroshi Nishimaru, Toru Taguchi, Susumu Urakawa, Shigekazu Sakai, Taketoshi Ono, Hisao Nishijo
Compression at myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), known as "ischemic compression," has been reported to provide immediate relief of musculoskeletal pain and reduce the sympathetic activity that exacerbates chronic pain. We conducted a pilot study to investigate the possible involvement of the prefrontal cortex in pain relief obtained by MTrP compression in the present study, and analyzed the relationships among prefrontal hemodynamic activity, activity of the autonomic nervous system, and subjective pain in patients with chronic neck pain, with and without MTrP compression...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442543/effect-of-informal-employment-on-the-relationship-between-psychosocial-work-risk-factors-and-musculoskeletal-pain-in-central-american-workers
#4
David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Marianela Rojas Garbanzo, Aurora Aragón, Lino Carmenate-Milián, Fernando G Benavides
INTRODUCTION: The constant increase on the psychosocial demands experienced at work seems to contribute to the increase in health problems such as musculoskeletal pain (MSP). This association may be especially important in low-income and middle-income countries, where there is a large proportion of informal workers among whom there is little research. We analysed the association between psychosocial work risk factors and MSP among formal and informal workers using the First Central American Survey of Working Conditions and Health...
April 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441294/effects-of-myofascial-release-in-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
María D Arguisuelas, Juan Francisco Lisón, Daniel Sánchez-Zuriaga, Isabel Martínez-Hurtado, Julio Doménech-Fernández
STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized parallel sham-controlled trial with concealed allocation and intention-to treat analysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an isolate myofascial release (MFR) protocol on pain, disability, and fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MFR is a form of manual medicine widely used by physiotherapists in the management of different musculoskeletal pathologies...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440895/the-relationship-between-rate-of-algometer-application-and-pain-pressure-threshold-in-the-assessment-of-myofascial-trigger-point-sensitivity
#6
L D Linde, D A Kumbhare, M Joshi, J Z Srbely
BACKGROUND: Pressure algometry is a commonly employed technique in the assessment of both regional and widespread musculoskeletal pain. Despite its acceptance amongst clinicians and scientists, the relationship between rate of pressure application (RoA) and pain pressure threshold (PPT) remains poorly understood. We set out to test the hypothesis that a strong, positive, linear relationship exists between the RoA and the PPT within the infraspinatus of young healthy subjects. METHODS: Thirty-three (n=33) participants were randomly recruited from the local university community...
April 25, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439405/the-start-back-tool-in-chiropractic-practice-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Yasmeen Khan
BACKGROUND: The Keele STarT Back Tool was designed for primary care medical physicians in the UK to determine the risk for persistent disabling pain in patients with musculoskeletal pain and to tailor treatments accordingly. In medical and physical therapy settings, STarT Back Tool's tailored care plans improved patients' low back pain outcomes and lowered costs. OBJECTIVE: Review studies using the STarT Back Tool in chiropractic patient populations. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Index to Chiropractic Literature, and Science Direct databases were searched...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439203/cystic-tuberculosis-osteomyelitis-of-the-distal-tibia-in-infancy
#8
Seyit Ali Gümüştaş, Talat Çağırmaz, Mehmet Müfit Orak, Gökhan Pehlivanoğlu, Sedat Öktem
One-third of tuberculosis cases affect the musculoskeletal system. Solitary bone tuberculosis is a rare condition in infancy, has non-specific findings, and can be misdiagnosed easily. Cystic form tuberculosis may mimic many other pathologic conditions. In our case report, we present tuberculosis osteomyelitis of the distal tibia in a baby aged ten months who visited our outpatient department with swelling and pain in their left ankle. Curettage and debridement was performed twice for the lesion. An under-knee splint was applied for 3 months and anti-tuberculosis treatment was given for 12 months...
March 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438384/evaluation-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-leg-pain
#9
Yalkın Çalık, Ümit Aygün
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the relationship between the levels of vitamin D and patients with chronic low back-leg pain (CLBLP) and to investigate its effects on pain and functional capacity. METHODS: 145 patients (female/male:103/42) with CLBLP, aged between 35 and 65 years (mean age: 53,06 ± 8,14), participated in the study. Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS) was used to measure the state of pain. Pain-related functional capacity was evaluated through Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)...
April 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435553/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-young-dentists-in-indonesia
#10
P Phedy, L Gatam
Introduction: Musculoskeletal problems are often work related. Dentists have been reported to have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal problems. Dentists have to perform repetitive tasks, often in awkward and nonergonomic positions in their practice. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Five-hundred copies of Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire were distributed to dentists who participated in a congress of a regional branch of the Indonesian Dentist Association. Data such as sex, length of practice, the presence of assistance, smoking, occupational stress, body mass index, hand dominance, and exercise were collected...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435321/a-behavioral-medicine-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sara Cederbom, Eva Denison, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults, particularly those who live alone and/or those who are dependent on formal care. Chronic pain is associated with mobility problems, falls, fear of falling, catastrophizing thoughts, and a lower quality of life. Research shows that physical therapy interventions based on behavioral medicine approaches are beneficial for middle-aged adults with chronic pain. However, there appears to be no previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on this theoretical framework that have examined the effect on older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain who live alone at home and are dependent on formal care to manage their everyday lives...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433860/cognitive-intrusion-of-pain-and-catastrophic-thinking-independently-explain-interference-of-pain-in-the-activities-of-daily-living
#12
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Paul T Ogink, Ragini Jha, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Patients with musculoskeletal illness often report that pain interferes with their ability to engage in activities of daily living. Catastrophic thinking is consistently depicted as an important cognitive factor that hinders adjustment to pain. Current research has also shown that pain negatively impacts an individual's ability to maintain attention on the task at hand. While a measure of the experience of cognitive intrusion of pain (ECIP) has been recently developed to quantify the extent of that impact, little research has explored this issue in everyday settings...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433472/the-influence-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-synovial-fluid-volumes-protein-concentrations-and-severity-of-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
Carl P C Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Chih-Chin Hsu, Hsin-Chin Lin, Yi-Rong Tsai, Jean-Lon Chen
Knee pain is commonly seen in orthopedic and rehabilitation outpatient clinical settings. Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are often complicated with joint soreness, swelling, weakness, and pain. These complaints are often caused by the excessive amount of synovial fluid (SF) accumulated in the bursae around the knee joint. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in treating patients with minor to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with supra-patellar bursitis using a proteomic approach and clinical evaluation tool...
April 19, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432883/sagittal-plane-joint-kinetics-during-stair-ascent-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-intermittent-claudication
#14
Stephanie L King, Natalie Vanicek, Thomas D O'Brien
Stair negotiation poses a substantial physical demand on the musculoskeletal system and this challenging task can place individuals at risk of falls. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can cause intermittent claudication (IC) pain in the calf and results in altered gait mechanics during level walking. However, whether those with PAD-IC adopt alternate strategies to climb stairs is unknown. Twelve participants with PAD-IC (six bilateral and six unilateral) and 10 healthy controls were recruited and instructed to ascend a five-step staircase whilst 3D kinematic data of the lower-limbs were recorded synchronously with kinetic data from force plates embedded into the staircase on steps two and three...
March 28, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431150/the-natural-history-of-children-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-and-ehlers-danlos-hypermobility-type-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Mark C Scheper, Lesley L Nicholson, Roger D Adams, Louise Tofts, Verity Pacey
Objectives.: The objective of the manuscript was to describe the natural history of complaints and disability in children diagnosed with joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS)/Ehlers-Danlos-hypermobility type (EDS-HT) and to identify the constructs that underlie functional decline. Methods.: One hundred and one JHS/EDS-HT children were observed over 3 years and assessed at three time points on the following: functional impairments, quality of life, connective tissue laxity, muscle function, postural control and musculoskeletal and multi-systemic complaints...
April 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429337/from-acute-to-chronic-pain-tapentadol-in-the-progressive-stages-of-this-disease-entity
#16
F Coluzzi, D Fornasari, J Pergolizzi, P Romualdi
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is now recognized as a neural disease, which results from a maladaptive functional and structural transformation process occurring over time. In its chronic phase, pain is not just a symptom but also a disease entity. Therefore, pain must be properly addressed, as many patients still report unsatisfactory pain control despite on-going treatment. The selection of the therapy - taking into account the pathophysiological mechanisms of pain - and the right timing can result in a successful analgesic outcome...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422563/effects-of-anterior-knee-displacement-during-squatting-on-patellofemoral-joint-stress
#17
Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Matthew Zellmer, Jordan Hove, Becky L Heinert, Michael R Torry
CONTEXT: Squatting is a common rehabilitation training exercise for Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Patellofemoral joint stress (PFJS) during squatting with more anterior knee displacement has not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare PFJS during squatting using two techniques: Squat while keeping the knees before the toes (SBT) and squat while allowing the knees to go past the toes (SPT). SETTING: University research laboratory...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420932/sporadic-actinomycosis-of-the-hip-complicated-by-central-nervous-system-infection
#18
Mohammad Aamer Saleem, Zain Ul Abideen, Iram Shakir Kiani, Anum Yousaf, Amna Rasheed, Raja Wajid Shabbir
Actinomycosis is caused by the Gram positive filamentous Actinomyces bacterial species that are normal commensals of the oral cavity. Due to their low virulence, disease is rare in the immune competent patient. Although it may afflict any system in the body, involvement of the musculoskeletal system is uncommon. Here in, we describe the case of a 60 year old lady presenting with low grade fever, left hip pain and drowsiness. She was diagnosed as left hip actinomycosis on Computed tomogram (CT) guided biopsy and histopathological analysis of infiltrative lesions identified on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420043/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#19
Josep Maria Molina Aragonés, Cristina Abadia Castelló
Temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome (TMDS) includes a number of clinical conditions involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the muscles involved in mastication, or both. The symptoms of TMDS include decreased mobility, masticatory muscle pain, TMJ pain, functional alteration accompanied by articular noises, myofascial pain or deviation of the mouth opening. Work with visual display terminals (VDTs) has become widespread in the past several years and the conditions associated with this type of work have been associated with the appearance of certain musculoskeletal pathologies...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#20
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
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