Read by QxMD icon Read

seborrheic dermatitis

Shehla Admani, Alina Goldenberg, Sharon E Jacob
Inflammatory scalp dermatoses can be associated with alopecia, which is nonscarring and reversible in its early stages. This association has been described in seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis. We describe three girls with alopecia aggravated by contact allergy to balsam fragrances. All three had complete resolution with avoidance of balsam of Peru and other balsam derivatives (including discontinuation of fluocinolone oil, which contains balsam of pine).
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Cristhine de Souza Leão Kamamoto, Adriana Sanudo, Karime M Hassun, Ediléia Bagatin
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of low-dose oral isotretinoin in the treatment of seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis has been poorly investigated in randomized studies. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the efficacy and safety of low-dose oral isotretinoin in the treatment of moderate to severe seborrhea and seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp and/or face. METHODS: A randomized, comparative clinical trial, using two groups, was conducted over 6 months...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Hidehisa Saeki, Hidemi Nakagawa, Ko Nakajo, Taeko Ishii, Yoji Morisaki, Takehiro Aoki, Gregory S Cameron, Olawale O Osuntokun
Psoriasis, a chronic, immune-mediated skin disease characterized by red, scaly plaques, affects approximately 0.3% of the population in Japan. The aim of this open-label study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of ixekizumab, a humanized, anti-interleukin-17A monoclonal antibody, in Japanese patients with plaque psoriasis (n = 78, including 11 psoriatic arthritis), erythrodermic psoriasis (n = 8) and generalized pustular psoriasis (n = 5). Ixekizumab was administrated s.c. at baseline (week 0, 160 mg), from weeks 2 to 12 (80 mg every 2 weeks), and from weeks 16 to 52 (80 mg every 4 weeks)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Alice He, Divya Sharma, Kazuki M Matsuda, Shawn G Kwatra
Chronic itch is a debilitating symptom that significant decreases patients' quality of life. Topical corticosteroids and antihistamines are commonly used for itch. However, these therapies are not long-term solutions for chronic pruritus because of their feared side effects, including skin atrophy and cognitive impairment, respectively. As such, dermatologists require additional therapies for long-term management of chronic pruritus. Topical anesthetics have been shown in many studies to be effective antipruritic agents...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Zaheer Abbas, Seyedeh Z Ghodsi, Robabeh Abedeni
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effect of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) and/or its consequent therapy on a patient's quality of life. Itraconazole has been suggested as an effective therapy for severe SD but its impact on Quality of Life (QoL) in these patients has never been studied before. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to verify the efficacy of the itraconazole on the quality of life in patients with moderate to severe SD. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial was planned to describe the effect of SD per se on QoL and to determine the impact of oral itraconazole or placebo on QoL of SD patients...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Jean-Philip Lacroix, Beatrice Wang
BACKGROUND: Dabrafenib, a novel selective small-molecule inhibitor of BRAF, has been shown to increase overall survival in patients with unresectable metastatic melanoma harboring the BRAF V600E mutation. The development of resistance has led to combination therapy with selective MEK inhibitor trametinib. Compared with vemurafenib, dabrafenib is a more recent BRAF inhibitor approved by the Food and Drug Administration in May 2013 for metastatic melanoma; fewer data are available in the current literature regarding cutaneous toxicity...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Preston W Chadwick, Warren R Heymann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Enzo Errichetti, Giuseppe Stinco
Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. dermatoses presenting with erythematous-desquamative patches/plaques (plaque psoriasis, eczematous dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, mycosis fungoides and subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), papulosquamous/papulokeratotic dermatoses (lichen planus, pityriasis rosea, papulosquamous sarcoidosis, guttate psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides chronica, classical pityriasis rubra pilaris, porokeratosis, lymphomatoid papulosis, papulosquamous chronic GVHD, parakeratosis variegata, Grover disease, Darier disease and BRAF-inhibitor-induced acantholytic dyskeratosis), facial inflammatory skin diseases (rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, discoid lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, lupus vulgaris, granuloma faciale and demodicidosis), acquired keratodermas (chronic hand eczema, palmar psoriasis, keratoderma due to mycosis fungoides, keratoderma resulting from pityriasis rubra pilaris, tinea manuum, palmar lichen planus and aquagenic palmar keratoderma), sclero-atrophic dermatoses (necrobiosis lipoidica, morphea and cutaneous lichen sclerosus), hypopigmented macular diseases (extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, guttate vitiligo, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, progressive macular hypomelanosis and postinflammatory hypopigmentations), hyperpigmented maculopapular diseases (pityriasis versicolor, lichen planus pigmentosus, Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, Dowling-Degos disease, erythema ab igne, macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosus, friction melanosis, terra firma-forme dermatosis, urticaria pigmentosa and telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans), itchy papulonodular dermatoses (hypertrophic lichen planus, prurigo nodularis, nodular scabies and acquired perforating dermatosis), erythrodermas (due to psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, pityriasis rubra pilaris and scabies), noninfectious balanitis (Zoon's plasma cell balanitis, psoriatic balanitis, seborrheic dermatitis and non-specific balanitis) and erythroplasia of Queyrat, inflammatory cicatricial alopecias (scalp discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia and folliculitis decalvans), nonscarring alopecias (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium) and scaling disorders of the scalp (tinea capitis, scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis amiantacea)...
September 9, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
Afzal Ahmad, Benedicta D'Souza, Charu Yadav, Ashish Agarwal, Anand Kumar, M Nandini, Vivian D'Souza, A M Poornima, Nutan Kamath
Alstrom's syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal recessive ciliopathic condition affecting 1:10,00,000 children. It's a single gene disorder of ALMS1 on chromosome 2 with multisystem involvement with cone-rod retinal dystrophy causing juvenile blindness, obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 Diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism and sensorineural hearing loss. Till now only 800 patients with this disorder has been identified so far. In this report, we describe the case of a 9-year old male boy from south India. He had been initially referred for polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, generalized weakness from 1 weeks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Ralph M Trüeb
Biotin is a coenzyme for carboxylase enzymes that assist various metabolic reactions involved in fatty acid synthesis, branched-chain amino acid catabolism, and gluconeogenesis important for maintenance of healthy skin and hair. Due to its availability, affordability, and effective marketing for this purpose, biotin is a popular nutritional supplement for treatment of hair loss. However, there are little data on the frequency of biotin deficiency in patients complaining of hair loss and on the value of oral biotin for treatment of hair loss that is not due to an inborn error of biotin metabolism or deficiency...
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Vieri Grandi, Irene Baldi, Pietro Cappugi, Moira Mori, Nicola Pimpinelli
BACKGROUND: Actinic Keratoses (AK) are considered a form of in situ Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) arising on chronically photoexposed skin. PDT with ALA or MAL is an effective treatment for multiple AK due its high Overall Response Ratio (ORR) but is burdened by important drawbacks: time-consumption, pain and high costs. Indole-3 acetic acid (IAA) is a newly described photosensitizer with proven clinical efficacy on seborrheic dermatitis and acne vulgaris. The aim of the study was to assess efficacy, safety and tolerability of a cycle of IAA-PDT at 0...
August 23, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Yalçın Baş, Havva Yıldız Seçkin, Göknur Kalkan, Zennure Takci, Rıza Çitil, Yalçın Önder, Şafak Şahin, Ayşe Kevser Demir
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to determine the prevalence of psoriasis (PS) and seborrheic dermatitis (SD) (erythematous-squamous diseases) in our region and reveal the frequently encountered associated factors to aid in planning appropriate healthcare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based study was conducted with 85 sample groups that reflected the population rate and demography of Tokat Province in northern Anatolia. RESULTS: In this community, the prevalence of PS in people older than 20 years of age was 1...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Dennis Linder, Elena Marinello, Pietro Maria Donisi, Roberto Salmaso, Edoardo Zattra, Anna Zampetti
Darier's disease (DD) is an autosomal dominant inherited genodermatosis which is often under- or misdiagnosed. In the majority of cases, the disease manifests in adolescents or young adults with small brownish-yellow, warty, hyperkeratotic papules in multiple seborrheic areas of the body. Localized DD (LDD) is a clinical variant, first described by Kreibich in 1906; only a few cases are reported in the literature. We described the case of an aged woman presenting with LDD, and we review the literature on this subject...
May 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
Ji-Hye Park, Young Joon Park, Sue Kyoung Kim, Ji Eun Kwon, Hee Young Kang, Eun-So Lee, Jee Ho Choi, You Chan Kim
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis of psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can be difficult when both conditions are localized to the scalp without the involvement of other skin sites. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the histopathological differences between psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp and identify favorable criteria for their differential diagnosis. METHODS: We evaluated 15 cases of psoriasis and 20 cases of seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp that had been clinicopathologically diagnosed...
August 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Tongyu C Wikramanayake, Luis J Borda, Ying Wang, Stephanie Duffort, Andres Reyes-Capo, Alexander Barsam, Maite Urbieta, Victor L Perez, Robert S Kirsner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Keli Wang, Yao Wu, Zhiyan Chi, Chang Shu, Lingjun Li, Jun Wei, Lei Tao, Pengcheng Ma, Li Ding
A simple, rapid and highly sensitive LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the determination of ketoconazole in human plasma. Sample preparation was accomplished through a single step liquid-liquid extraction by ethyl acetate. The chromatography separation was carried out on a Hedera CN (150mm×2.1mm, 5μm) column with isocratic elution using acetonitrile and 10mM ammonium acetate containing 0.1% formic acid (45:55, v/v) as the mobile phase. The flow rate was 0.5mL/min. Detection was performed in the positive ion electrospray ionization mode using multiple reaction monitoring of the transitions of 531...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Otomi Cho, Takashi Sugita
As DNA sequences of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region in the rRNA gene show remarkable intraspecies diversity compared with the small subunit, large subunit, and internal transcribed spacer region, the IGS region has been used as an epidemiological tool in studies on Malassezia globosa and M. restricta, which are responsible for the exacerbation of atopic dermatitis (AD) and seborrheic dermatitis (SD). However, the IGS regions of M. sympodialis and M. dermatis obtained from the skin of patients with AD and SD, as well as healthy subjects, lacked sequence diversity...
July 1, 2016: Mycopathologia
Akiomi Tanaka, Otomi Cho, Chie Saito, Mami Saito, Ryoji Tsuboi, Takashi Sugita
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic inflammatory dermatologic condition in which erythema and itching develop on areas of the body with sebaceous glands, such as the scalp, face and chest. The inflammation is evoked directly by oleic acid, which is hydrolyzed from sebum by lipases secreted by skin microorganisms. Although the skin fungal genus, Malassezia, is thought to be the causative agent of SD, analysis of the bacterial microbiota of skin samples of patients with SD is necessary to clarify any association with Malassezia because the skin microbiota comprises diverse bacterial and fungal genera...
August 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
Kyung Min Kim, Hei Sung Kim, Jeesuk Yu, Jong Tae Kim, Sang Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: Both the skin and the neurologic system are derived from the ectoderm during embryogenesis, and thus patients with neurologic disorders may have accompanying dermatologic diseases. For example, seborrheic dermatitis is more frequently observed in patients with Parkinsonism and other neurologic disorders. To date, however, there has been limited review on dermatologic diseases in neurosurgical in-patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize dermatological problems encountered in a neurosurgery unit and to compare these data to previous reports of in-patient dermatologic consultations...
June 2016: Annals of Dermatology
S P Cannavò, F Guarneri, R Giuffrida, E Aragona, C Guarneri
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare cutaneous surface parameters in lesional and non-lesional skin of psoriatic patients and in corresponding areas of control subjects. METHODS: Sixty-six psoriatic patients (of any grade of severity, with or without arthritis, without any therapy other than systemic biologic drugs) and 28 healthy controls were enrolled in this observational, case-control study. Exclusion criteria were current or past sebo-psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis, pustular or erithrodermic psoriasis; treatment with immune-suppressive agents, retinoids, or ultraviolet phototherapy in the last 6 months; topical treatment in the last 2 weeks...
June 8, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"