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Middle Cerebral Artery Blood Flow Velocimetry

Tai-Wei Wu, Benita Tamrazi, Sadaf Soleymani, Istvan Seri, Shahab Noori
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the systemic and cerebral hemodynamic response to incremental increases in core temperature during the rewarming phase of therapeutic hypothermia in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). STUDY DESIGN: Continuous hemodynamic data, including heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MBP), cardiac output by electrical velocimetry (COEV ), arterial oxygen saturation, and renal (RrSO2 ) and cerebral (CrSO2 ) regional tissue oxygen saturation, were collected from 4 hours before the start of rewarming to 1 hour after the completion of rewarming...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Suruchi Gupta, Meenakshi Chauhan, Jyotsna Sen, Smiti Nanda
INTRODUCTION: Increase in Nitric Oxide (NO) may be important in vascular adaptation needed to accommodate increased uteroplacental blood flow as pregnancy advances. Hence, in certain conditions like Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR), NO donors may play an effective role in increasing uteroplacental perfusion. Transdermal route appears to be a safe and effective route. AIM: To evaluate the effect of nitroglycerine patch on Doppler velocity waveforms of the uterine, umbilical and fetal middle cerebral arteries in patients with chronic placental insufficiency...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rebecca Spencer, Gareth Ambler, Jana Brodszki, Anke Diemert, Francesc Figueras, Eduard Gratacós, Stefan R Hansson, Kurt Hecher, Angela Huertas-Ceballos, Neil Marlow, Karel Marsál, Eva Morsing, Donald Peebles, Carlo Rossi, Neil J Sebire, John F Timms, Anna L David
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a serious obstetric condition for which there is currently no treatment. The EVERREST Prospective Study has been designed to characterise the natural history of pregnancies affected by severe early onset FGR and establish a well phenotyped bio-bank. The findings will provide up-to-date information for clinicians and patients and inform the design and conduct of the EVERREST Clinical Trial: a phase I/IIa trial to assess the safety and efficacy of maternal vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene therapy in severe early onset FGR...
January 23, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Maria Ome-Kaius, Stephan Karl, Regina Alice Wangnapi, John Walpe Bolnga, Glen Mola, Jane Walker, Ivo Mueller, Holger Werner Unger, Stephen John Rogerson
BACKGROUND: Doppler velocimetry studies of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow help to determine the presence and severity of fetal growth restriction. Increased UA resistance and reduced MCA pulsatility may indicate increased placental resistance and intrafetal blood flow redistribution. Malaria causes low birth weight and fetal growth restriction, but few studies have assessed its effects on uteroplacental and fetoplacental blood flow. METHODS: Colour-pulsed Doppler ultrasound was used to assess UA and MCA flow in 396 Papua New Guinean singleton fetuses...
January 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
Nicolas Fanantenana Herinirina, Lova Hasina Ny Ony Narindra Rajaonarison, Andry Roussel Herijoelison, Olivat Aimée Alson Rakoto, Ahmad Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial Doppler is an effective diagnostic tool to detect sickle cell children at risk for stroke. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study of Malagasy children aged between 24 months and 15 years (group 1: 57 sickle cell diseases, group 2: 43 controls) to assess the cerebral artery velocimetry in the patient population. Transcranial doppler ultrasound with analysis of cerebral blood flow was performed in children of both groups...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
I Aditya, V Tat, A Sawana, A Mohamed, R Tuffner, T Mondal
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a condition which has been difficult to assess at an early stage, resulting in the delivery of children who have poor genetic growth potential. Currently, IUGR classification is based upon the system of ultrasound biometry. Doppler velocimetry allows the measurement of hemodynamic flow of major fetal vessels, comparing the flow indices and patterns of normal and IUGR cases. In this review, the effectiveness of Doppler velocimetry in assessing blood flow in major vessels including the umbilical artery, ductus venosus, and middle cerebral artery was studied for both diagnostic and prognostic screening of IUGR...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Atalay Ekin, Cenk Gezer, Ulas Solmaz, Cuneyt Eftal Taner, Mehmet Ozeren, Askin Dogan, Ibrahim Uyar
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of antenatal betamethasone administration on Doppler parameters of fetal and uteroplacental circulation. METHODS: Seventy-six singleton pregnancies that received betamethasone therapy were prospectively evaluated. Doppler measurements of pulsatility indices (PI) in fetal umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), ductus venosus and maternal uterine arteries were performed before (0 h) and 24, 48, 72 and 96 h after the first dose of betamethasone...
March 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Camila Pigatto, Caroline Mombaque dos Santos, Wendel Mombaque dos Santos, Walter Santos Neme, Luiz Osório Cruz Portela, Edson Nunes de Moraes, Francisco Maximiliano Pancich Gallarreta
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of aerobic physical exercise on the Doppler velocimetry of fetal vessels in pregnant women with no clinical or obstetrical complications. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 10 healthy low-risk pregnant women at 2 different gestational times: between the 26th and 29th week and 6 days, and at the end of pregnancy, between the 30th and 35th week. The patients were submitted to aerobic physical exercise on a treadmill until reaching fatigue...
May 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Andrzej Breborowicz, Mariusz Dubiel, Marek Pietryga, Grzegorz H Breborowicz, Saemundur Gudmundsson
UNLABELLED: Studies on fetal lung/brain circulation by means of power Doppler technique have suggested a marked reduction in lung perfusion in high-risk pregnancies as a sign of circulation redistribution. The ratio between lung/brain perfusion might therefore give a new method to predict fetal circulation centralization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to obtain fetal lung and cerebral artery ratio in normal and high-risk pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Doppler samples from proximal right pulmonary artery blood velocities and middle cerebral artery (MCA) were recorded cross-sectionally in 228 normal singleton pregnancies at gestational age 22 to 40 weeks...
January 2014: Ginekologia Polska
Adi Hirshberg, Lisa D Levine, Nadav Schwartz, Celeste P Durnwald
BACKGROUND: Reversed diastolic flow in the middle cerebral artery has been described as a terminal sign in the growth-restricted fetus. The implication of this in a normally grown fetus is unknown. CASE: Middle cerebral artery Doppler velocimetry was performed at 28 weeks of gestation in the setting of decreased fetal movement and a category 2 fetal heart tracing. The middle cerebral artery pulsatility index was elevated, and follow-up studies revealed reversed flow...
August 2013: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Roseli Mieko Yamamoto Nomura, Juliana Ikeda Niigaki, Flávia Thiemi Horigome, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Marcelo Zugaib
OBJECTIVE: To study the Doppler velocimetry of the fetal middle cerebral artery in pregnancies complicated by placental insufficiency, and to verify its role in the prognosis of neonatal survival. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 93 pregnant women with diagnosis of placental insufficiency detected before the 34(th) week of pregnancy. Placental insufficiency was characterized by abnormal umbilical artery (UA) Doppler (> 95(th) percentile). The following parameters were analyzed: umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI); middle cerebral artery (MCA) PI; brain-placenta ratio--BPR (MCA-PI/UA-PI); MCA peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV); and PI for veins (PIV) of ductus venosus (DV)...
July 2013: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Anthony R Bain, Kurt J Smith, Nia C Lewis, Glen E Foster, Kevin W Wildfong, Christopher K Willie, Geoffrey L Hartley, Stephen S Cheung, Philip N Ainslie
We investigated 1) the regional distribution of cerebral blood flow (CBF), 2) the influence of end-tidal Pco2 (PetCO2) on CBF, and 3) the potential for an extracranial blood "steal" from the anterior brain region during passive hyperthermia. Nineteen (13 male) volunteers underwent supine passive heating until a steady-state esophageal temperature of 2°C above resting was established. Measurements were obtained 1) during normothermia (Normo), 2) during poikilocapnic hyperthermia (Hyper), and 3) during hyperthermia with PetCO2 and end-tidal Po2 clamped to Normo levels (Hyper-clamp)...
September 1, 2013: Journal of Applied Physiology
Marzieh Vahid Dastjerdi, Sayedehafagh Hosseini, Leila Bayani
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, Sildenafil citrate, affects uteroplacental perfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on a randomized double-blinded and placebo-controlled trial, forty one pregnant women with documented intrauterine growth retardation at 24-37 weeks of gestation were evaluated for the effect of a single dose of Sildenafil citrate on uteroplacental circulation as determined by Doppler ultrasound study of the umbilical and middle cerebral arteries...
July 2012: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Mansoureh Shabani Zanjani, Roya Nasirzadeh, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Ladan Yoonesi Asl, Seyed-Amir Pooya Alemzadeh, Sareh Askari
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications in pregnancies. Evaluating other conditions, including intra uterine growth restriction and pre-eclampsia, some studies have shown significant changes in blood flow velocity of fetal middle cerebral artery (MCA). Our study is one of the few that has aimed to assess the effects of GDM on Doppler parameters of the fetal MCA and umbilical artery (UA) and to compare with normal pregnancies. This cross-sectional study was performed on 66 pregnant women, including 33 women with GDM and the others without it, in Akbar-Abadi University Hospital in Tehran, Iran during 2010-2011...
March 2014: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Takanobu Yagi, Ayaka Sato, Manabu Shinke, Sara Takahashi, Yasutaka Tobe, Hiroyuki Takao, Yuichi Murayama, Mitsuo Umezu
This study experimentally investigated the instability of flow impingement in a cerebral aneurysm, which was speculated to promote the degradation of aneurysmal wall. A patient-specific, full-scale and elastic-wall replica of cerebral artery was fabricated from transparent silicone rubber. The geometry of the aneurysm corresponded to that found at 9 days before rupture. The flow in a replica was analysed by quantitative flow visualization (stereoscopic particle image velocimetry) in a three-dimensional, high-resolution and time-resolved manner...
May 6, 2013: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak, Anna Lebioda, Grzegorz Breborowicz
A case of an umbilical cord collision diagnosed in the first trimester of a monochorionic monoamniotic twin pregnancy is presented. An intensive surveillance included ultrasound monitoring with color and spectral Doppler and fetal echocardiography. The first signs of fetal distress were observed at 31 weeks of gestation. The brain sparing effect as well as a periodic appearance of the "notch" in the wave forms obtained from the umbilical artery from the collision region were observed. In the first ultrasound scan there were no abnormalities in twin I...
September 2012: Ginekologia Polska
Anita Roy, Swarup Mukherjee, Subir Kumar Bhattacharyya, Prasenjit Banerjee, Bibekananda Das, Kajal Kumar Patra
There are various biophysical methods used for diagnosing and monitoring foetal well being using in intra-uterine growth restriction foetus, out of which Doppler velocimetry proved to possess the predictive capacity in diagnosing and management of intra-uterine growth restriction foetuses. The objectives were to study Doppler velocimetry of foetal umbilical artery and middle cerebral artery in diagnosing intra-uterine growth restriction and to correlate Doppler finding with perinatal outcome. Random 50 patients with singleton pregnancies admitted in RG Kar Medical College and Hospital were studied in a duration of 1 year...
March 2012: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
Vivek J Srinivasan, Harsha Radhakrishnan, Eng H Lo, Emiri T Mandeville, James Y Jiang, Scott Barry, Alex E Cable
TO DATE, TWO MAIN CATEGORIES OF OCT TECHNIQUES HAVE BEEN DESCRIBED FOR IMAGING HEMODYNAMICS: Doppler OCT and OCT angiography. Doppler OCT can measure axial velocity profiles and flow in arteries and veins, while OCT angiography can determine vascular morphology, tone, and presence or absence of red blood cell (RBC) perfusion. However, neither method can quantify RBC velocity in capillaries, where RBC flow is typically transverse to the probe beam and single-file. Here, we describe new methods that potentially address these limitations...
March 1, 2012: Biomedical Optics Express
Tomasz Korbelak, Mariola Ropacka-Lesiak, Grzegorz Breborowicz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the resistance index (RI) and pulsatility (PI) in the umbilical artery (UA) in prediction of abnormal fetal heart rate during labor and poor fetal outcome in term pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 148 patients at term in uncomplicated pregnancy Daily evaluation of blood flow in the UA was performed and PI and RI were calculated. The last value before delivery was taken for the analysis. In turn predictive value of Doppler parameters has been determined in the prediction of abnormal FHR during labor and abnormal newborn condition...
January 2012: Ginekologia Polska
Ahmet Yalinkaya, Mehmet Sıddık Evsen, Yusuf Celik, Muhammet Erdal Sak, Hatice Ender Soydinc, Mehmet Zeki Taner
The aim of our study was to evaluate the middle cerebral artery velocimetry before and after intrauterine blood transfusion in immune hydrops fetalis. The current study was conducted in a tertiary research hospital, from February 2009 to January 2011. Nineteen intrauterine blood transfusions performed during the study period. The factors recorded were age of the mothers, gestational weeks, pre-transfusion fetal hematocrit and post-transfusion fetal hematocrit, and also middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocimetry (MCA-PSV) was detected and recorded before and after intrauterine transfusion...
February 2012: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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