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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805287/nongenetically-modified-lactococcus-lactis-adjuvanted-vaccination-enhanced-innate-immunity-against-helicobacter-pylori
#1
Wei Liu, Zhoulin Tan, Hai Liu, Zhiqin Zeng, Shuanghui Luo, Huimin Yang, Lufeng Zheng, Tao Xi, Yingying Xing
BACKGROUND: Gram-positive enhancer matrix particles (GEM) produced by Lactococcus lactis can enhance vaccine-induced immune response. However, the mechanism under which this adjuvant mounts the efficacy of orally administered vaccines remains unexplored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a prophylactic mice model to investigate the mechanism of GEM-adjuvanted vaccination. Helicobacter pylori urease-specific antibody response was monitored and detected in murine serum by ELISA...
August 14, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804596/characterisation-of-tumour-derived-microvesicles-in-cancer-patients-blood-and-correlation-with-clinical-outcome
#2
Kerstin Menck, Annalen Bleckmann, Astrid Wachter, Bianca Hennies, Lena Ries, Matthias Schulz, Marko Balkenhol, Tobias Pukrop, Bawarjan Schatlo, Ulrike Rost, Dirk Wenzel, Florian Klemm, Claudia Binder
To evaluate whether tumour-derived microvesicles (T-MV), originating from the plasma membrane, represent suitable cancer biomarkers, we isolated MV from peripheral blood samples of cancer patients with locally advanced and/or metastatic solid tumours (n = 330, including 79 head & neck cancers, 74 lung cancers, 41 breast cancers, 28 colorectal cancers and 108 with other cancer forms) and controls (n = 103). Whole MV preparations were characterised using flow cytometry. While MV carrying the tumour-associated proteins MUC1, EGFR and EpCAM were found to be enhanced in a tumour-subtype-specific way in patients' blood, expression of the matrix metalloproteinase inducer EMMPRIN was increased independent of tumour type...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804560/mechanisms-of-mir-145-regulating-invasion-and-metastasis-of-ovarian-carcinoma
#3
Ling Wang, Xiaotong Wu, Bowei Wang, Qiang Wang, Liying Han
MicroRNA-145 (miR-145) can regulate tumor cell invasion, metastasis, apoptosis, proliferation and stem cell differentiation. However, the molecular mechanisms of miR-145 used to regulate ovarian invasion and metastasis remain to be determined. In this study, Transwell cell migration and wound healing assays were used to detect the effects of miR-145 upregulation on ovarian carcinoma cell invasion and metastasis, respectively. The MUC1 expression vector, together with quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting, was used to investigate the effects of miR-145 on E-cadherin (E-cad)-induced cell invasion and the related molecular mechanisms...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799590/potentiating-the-immune-response-of-muc1-based-antitumor-vaccines-using-a-peptide-based-nanovector-as-a-promising-vaccine-adjuvant
#4
Yonghui Liu, Youzhi Wang, Fan Yu, Zhenqing Zhang, Zhimou Yang, Wenpeng Zhang, Peng George Wang, Wei Zhao
We utilize the supramolecular self-assembling peptide of Nap-G(D)F(D)F(D)Y(D)K to construct chemically programmed, self-assembling and self-adjuvant MUC1-based antitumor vaccines. The vaccines, with antigen and adjuvant conjugation through covalent bonds, elicited both humoral and cellular immune responses.
August 11, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796259/muc1-induces-acquired-chemoresistance-by-upregulating-abcb1-in-egfr-dependent-manner
#5
Wei Jin, Xiaodong Liao, Yaping Lv, Zhi Pang, Yuming Wang, Quanfu Li, Yahui Liao, Qing Ye, Guoqiang Chen, Kewen Zhao, Lei Huang
Chemoresistance contributes to cancer relapse and increased mortality in a variety of cancer types, raising a pressing need to better understand the underlying mechanism. MUC1 is abnormally overexpressed in numerous carcinomas and associated with poor prognosis. However, the functional significance of MUC1 in chemoresistance has not been fully elucidated. Here, we showed that MUC1 expression was considerably induced in cells that had acquired chemoresistance at both transcriptional and post-translational levels...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782484/gene-expression-meta-analysis-of-potential-metastatic-breast-cancer-markers
#6
R Bell, R Barraclough, O Vasieva
Breast cancer metastasis is a highly prevalent cause of death for European females. DNA microarray analysis has established that primary tumors, which remain localized, differ in gene expression from those that metastasize. The aim of the project was to validate suggested prognostic and therapeutic markers using meta-analysis of data on gene expression in metastatic and primary breast cancer tumors combined from 12 studies available from the Genevestigator database. Our analysis suggested that transcriptional expression of the COX2 gene is significantly downregulated in metastatic tissue compared to normal breast tissue, but is not downregulated in primary tumors compared with normal breast tissue and may be used as a differential marker in metastatic breast cancer diagnostics...
August 7, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776573/pancreatic-intraductal-tubulopapillary-neoplasm-is-genetically-distinct-from-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-and-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#7
Olca Basturk, Michael F Berger, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Volkan Adsay, Gokce Askan, Umesh K Bhanot, Ahmet Zehir, Fatima Carneiro, Seung-Mo Hong, Giuseppe Zamboni, Esra Dikoglu, Vaidehi Jobanputra, Kazimierz O Wrzeszczynski, Serdar Balci, Peter Allen, Naoki Ikari, Shoko Takeuchi, Hiroyuki Akagawa, Atsushi Kanno, Tooru Shimosegawa, Takanori Morikawa, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Michiaki Unno, Ryota Higuchi, Masakazu Yamamoto, Kyoko Shimizu, Toru Furukawa, David S Klimstra
Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm is a relatively recently described member of the pancreatic intraductal neoplasm family. The more common member of this family, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, often carries genetic alterations typical of pancreatic infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma (KRAS, TP53, and CDKN2A) but additionally has mutations in GNAS and RNF43 genes. However, the genetic characteristics of intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm have not been well characterized. Twenty-two intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms were analyzed by either targeted next-generation sequencing, which enabled the identification of sequence mutations, copy number alterations, and selected structural rearrangements involving all targeted (≥300) genes, or whole-exome sequencing...
August 4, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776365/hollow-porous-polymeric-nanospheres-of-self-enhanced-ruthenium-complex-with-improved-electrochemiluminescent-efficiency-for-ultrasensitive-aptasensor-construction
#8
Anyi Chen, Min Zhao, Ying Zhuo, Yaqin Chai, Ruo Yuan
Although Ru(II) complex-based bulk nanomaterials have received considerable concern in the electrochemiluminescent (ECL) assays owing to their strong ECL signals, the ECL efficiency of these nanomaterials was quite low since the bulk nanomaterials brought about serious inner filter effect and excess inactive emitters. Herein, hollow porous polymeric nanospheres of self-enhanced ruthenium complex (abbreviated as Ru-HPNSs) were prepared with precursor of polyethyleneimine-ruthenium complex to greatly decrease the inner filter effect and minimize inactive emitters, which significantly improved the ECL efficiency...
August 4, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775276/chemotherapy-treatment-induces-an-increase-of-autophagy-in-the-luminal-breast-cancer-cell-mcf7-but-not-in-the-triple-negative-mda-mb231
#9
Christian Garbar, Corinne Mascaux, Jérôme Giustiniani, Yacine Merrouche, Armand Bensussan
Autophagy is one of the chemotherapy resistance mechanisms in breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the level of recruitment of the autophagy pathway in the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line MDA-MB231 compared with that in the control luminal breast cancer cell line MCF7 before and after treatment with chemotherapy drugs. Furthermore, we investigated the relationship between autophagy and EGFR, MUC1 and IL17-receptors as activators of autophagy. Immunohistochemistry was performed in cell culture blocks using LC3b, MUC1-C, EGFR, IL17A, IL17-RA and IL17-RB antibodies...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768706/the-prevalence-of-cancer-associated-autoantibodies-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-progressive-grades-of-premalignant-lesions
#10
Irēna Meistere, Simone Werner, Pawel Zayakin, Karīna Siliņa, Undīne Rulle, Angelina Pismennaja, Daiga Šantare, Ilze Kikuste, Sergejs Isajevs, Marcis Leja, Limas Kupčinskas, Juozas Kupčinskas, Laimas Jonaitis, Chun-Ying Wu, Hermann Brenner, Aija Linē, Zane Kalniņa
BACKGROUND: Serum autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens (TAA) are detectable in early stage gastric cancer patients; however, the time point during cancerogenesis when they appear in circulation is still obscure. METHODS: In this study, we developed a recombinant antigen microarray and analyzed the prevalence of autoantibodies against 102 TAAs in 829 gastric cancer patients and 929 healthy controls from Caucasian and Asian populations, as well as 100 patients with chronic atrophic gastritis and 775 individuals staged according to different grades of intestinal metaplasia...
August 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768242/slc3a2-antigen-of-mab-3g9-promotes-migration-and-invasion-by-upregulating-of-mucins-in-gastric-cancer
#11
Shanshan Wang, Haibo Han, Ying Hu, Wei Yang, Yunwei Lv, Limin Wang, Lianhai Zhang, Jiafu Ji
Solute carrier family 3 member 2 (SLC3A2) has been reported to be highly expressed in a variety of carcinomas. However, the function of SLC3A2 in gastric carcinoma (GC) has not been well explored. Monoclonal antibody (mAb) 3G9, generated from immunogen of various human GC cell lines, has been shown to bind to GC tissues specifically. In this study, we identified the target antigen of mAb 3G9 as SLC3A2, and detected the expression profile of SLC3A2 in a panel of gastric cancer cell lines and GC tumor tissues...
July 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759115/anti-muc1-aptamer-a-potential-opportunity-for-cancer-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Maryam Sadat Nabavinia, Aida Gholoobi, Fahimeh Charbgoo, Mahboobeh Nabavinia, Mohammad Ramezani, Khalil Abnous
Mucin 1 (MUC1) is a protein usually found on the apical surface of most normal secretory epithelial cells. However, in most adenocarcinomas, MUC1 is overexpressed, so that it not only appears over the entire cell surface, but is also shed as MUC1 fragments into the blood stream. These phenomena pinpoint MUC1 as a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer; consequently, interest has increased in MUC1 as a molecular target for overcoming cancer therapy challenges. MUC1 currently ranks second among 75 antigen candidates for cancer vaccines, and different antibodies or aptamers against MUC1 protein are proving useful for tracing cancer cells in the emerging field of targeted delivery...
July 31, 2017: Medicinal Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749463/cancer-cell-resistance-to-anoikis-muc1-glycosylation-comes-to-play
#13
Lu-Gang Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745318/core-3-mucin-type-o-glycan-restoration-in-colorectal-cancer-cells-promotes-muc1-p53-mir-200c-dependent-epithelial-identity
#14
J Ye, X Wei, Y Shang, Q Pan, M Yang, Y Tian, Y He, Z Peng, L Chen, W Chen, R Wang
The attachment of cell-surface carbohydrates to proteins mediated by the amino acids serine or threonine (O-glycan) is involved in tumor metastasis; the roles of O-glycans vary depending on their structure, but the detailed mechanisms by which O-glycans trigger signaling to control tumor metastasis are largely unknown. In this study, we found that the reduced expression of core 3 synthase correlated with metastasis to lymph nodes and distant organs, resulting in poor prognosis for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients...
July 24, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738939/can-tumor-biology-predict-occult-multifocal-disease-in-breast-cancer-patients
#15
Anees B Chagpar, Ali F Cicek, Malini Harigopal
The SHAVE trial is a prospective trial in which 235 women with stage 0 to 3 disease undergoing partial mastectomy were randomized intraoperatively to either have cavity shave`s (CSMs) taken at the time of initial surgery or not. In this study, 9 of the 76 patients (11.8%) with initially negative margins randomized to the "shave" group had occult cancers found in the CSM. Seven of these patients had sufficient primary tumor tissue available for further analysis. These patients were age and stage matched in a 1:2 ratio to other patients in the trial who had no further disease found in their CSM...
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731466/interaction-of-galectin-3-with-muc1-on-cell-surface-promotes-egfr-dimerization-and-activation-in-human-epithelial-cancer-cells
#16
Tushar Piyush, Anisha R Chacko, Paulina Sindrewicz, John Hilkens, Jonathan M Rhodes, Lu-Gang Yu
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an important regulator of epithelial cell growth and survival in normal and cancerous tissues and is a principal therapeutic target for cancer treatment. EGFR is associated in epithelial cells with the heavily glycosylated transmembrane mucin protein MUC1, a natural ligand of galectin-3 that is overexpressed in cancer. This study reveals that the expression of cell surface MUC1 is a critical enhancer of EGF-induced EGFR activation in human breast and colon cancer cells...
July 21, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729399/decitabine-priming-enhances-mucin-1-inhibition-mediated-disruption-of-redox-homeostasis-in-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma
#17
Salvia Jain, Abigail Washington, Rebecca Karp Leaf, Parul Bhargava, Rachael A Clark, Thomas S Kupper, Dina Stroopinsky, Athalia Pyzer, Leandra Cole, Myrna Nahas, Arie Apel, Jacalyn Rosenblatt, Jon Arnason, Donald Kufe, David Avigan
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a heterogeneous neoplasm and patients with relapsed/refractory disease exhibit resistance to standard therapies. We have previously demonstrated that the MUC1-C oncoprotein plays a critical role in protection from oxidative stress in CTCL cells. Targeting of MUC1-C with a pharmacologic inhibitor, GO-203, was associated with apoptosis in CTCL. However, disease responses were incomplete underscoring the need for combinatorial strategies that could exploit the vulnerability of CTCL cells to oxidative signals...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725490/muc1-o-glycosylation-contributes-to-anoikis-resistance-in-epithelial-cancer-cells
#18
Tushar Piyush, Jonathan M Rhodes, Lu-Gang Yu
Anoikis is a fundamental cellular process for maintaining tissue homeostasis. Resistance to anoikis is a hallmark of oncogenic epithelial-mesenchymal transition and is a pre-requisite for metastasis. Previous studies have revealed that the heavily glycosylated mucin protein MUC1, which is overexpressed in all types of epithelial cancer cells, prevents anoikis initiation in response to loss of adhesion. This effect of MUC1 is largely attributed to its extracellular domain that provides cell surface anoikis-initiating molecules with a 'homing' microenvironment...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720669/muc1-mediated-metabolic-alterations-regulate-response-to-radiotherapy-in-pancreatic-cancer
#19
Venugopal Gunda, Joshua J Souchek, Jaime Abrego, Surendra K Shukla, Gennifer D Goode, Enza Vernucci, Aneesha Dasgupta, Nina CHaika, Ryan J King, Sicong Li, Shuo Wang, Fang Yu, Tadayoshi Bessho, Chi Lin, Pankaj K Singh
Purpose: MUC1, an oncogene overexpressed in multiple solid tumors including pancreatic cancer, reduces overall survival and imparts resistance to radiation and chemotherapies. We previously identified that MUC1 facilitates growth promoting metabolic alterations in pancreatic cancer cells. The present study investigates the role of MUC1-mediated metabolism in radiation resistance of pancreatic cancer by utilizing cell lines and in vivo models. <p>Experimental design: We used MUC1 knockdown and overexpressed cell line models for evaluating the role of MUC1-mediated metabolism in radiation resistance through in vitro cytotoxicity, clonogenicity, DNA damage response and metabolomic evaluations...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717171/the-aspirin-metabolite-salicylate-inhibits-lysine-acetyltransferases-and-muc1-induced-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#20
Harvey R Fernandez, Sara K Lindén
MUC1 is a transmembrane mucin that can promote cancer progression, and its upregulation correlates with a worse prognosis in colon cancer. We examined the effects of overexpression of MUC1 in colon cancer cells, finding that it induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), including enhanced migration and invasion, and increased Akt phosphorylation. When the clones were treated with the aspirin metabolite salicylate, Akt phosphorylation was decreased and EMT inhibited. As the salicylate motif is necessary for the activity of the lysine acetyltransferase (KAT) inhibitor anacardic acid, we hypothesized these effects were associated with the inhibition of KAT activity...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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