keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neurorehabilitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643814/-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome-clinical-predictors-of-late-recovery
#1
Gianfranco Lamberti, Elena Antoniono, Francesca Gozzerino, Donatella Giraudo
Patients affected by the outcomes of serious traumatic and/or non-traumatic brain injury may show progressive recovery characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical conditions, which are often not completely different, but of differing seriousness. The unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and minimally conscious state (MCS) are syndromes that may characterize progression from the coma state and may be temporary clinical conditions, or in some cases, the final outcome of acute brain injury. The eventual recovery of consciousness is a dynamic process, in constant progress following the acute event...
May 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638025/-music-therapy-as-an-effective-method-of-neurorehabilitation
#2
E Z Yakupov, A V Nalbat, M V Semenova, K A Tlegenova
AIM: To assess the role of music therapy in the recovery of motor, speech and autonomic functions in patients with ischemic stroke (II). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with II in the middle cerebral artery were examined. The patients were randomized into three groups (main, comparison and control) of 15 individuals each. With patients of the first and the second groups on the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th days of the rehabilitation period the special set of exercises with music and without that respectively was fulfilled...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637814/effective-assessments-of-electroencephalography-during-stroke-recovery-contemporary-approaches-and-considerations
#3
Kartik K Iyer
Stroke is one of the leading causes of permanent disability worldwide, relying conventionally on extended periods of physiotherapy to recover functional ability. While neuroimaging techniques and emerging neurorehabilitation paradigms have advanced our understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms underlying stroke, recent evidence has renewed focus on quantifying cortical features of electroencephalography to greatly enhance our understanding of stroke recovery. This Neuro Forum article reviews these key advances and discusses the importance of quantifying electroencephalography in future assessments of stroke survivors...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637578/clinical-activity-profile-of-preregistration-physiotherapy-students-during-clinical-placements
#4
Susan Stoikov, Kassie Shardlow, Mark Gooding, Suzanne Kuys
Objective The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical activity profile of preregistration physiotherapy students during clinical placements and their clinical activity contribution to health service delivery.Methods Clinical activity data for 2014 were obtained from five Queensland public sector hospitals providing preregistration physiotherapy students clinical education in three key clinical areas (cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal and neurological) over four 5-week placement blocks. Data regarding the number of student occasions of service (OOS) and the length of the OOS (LOOS) were collected to determine the average OOS and LOOS per student in each clinical area...
June 22, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637152/how-physical-therapists-instruct-patients-with-stroke-an-observational-study-on-attentional-focus-during-gait-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#5
Elmar Kal, Henrieke van den Brink, Han Houdijk, John van der Kamp, Paulien Helena Goossens, Coen van Bennekom, Erik Scherder
PURPOSE: People without neurological impairments show superior motor learning when they focus on movement effects (external focus) rather than on movement execution itself (internal focus). Despite its potential for neurorehabilitation, it remains unclear to what extent external focus strategies are currently incorporated in rehabilitation post-stroke. Therefore, we observed how physical therapists use attentional focus when treating gait of rehabilitating patients with stroke. METHODS: Twenty physical therapist-patient couples from six rehabilitation centers participated...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628593/consideration-of-dose-and-timing-when-applying-interventions-after-stroke-and-spinal-cord-injury
#6
D Michele Basso, Catherine E Lang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nearly 4 decades of investigation into the plasticity of the nervous system suggest that both timing and dose could matter. This article provides a synopsis of our lectures at the IV STEP meeting, which presented a perspective of current data on the issues of timing and dose for adult stroke and spinal cord injury motor rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: For stroke, the prevailing evidence suggests that greater amounts of therapy do not result in better outcomes for upper extremity interventions, regardless of timing...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628590/the-past-present-and-future-of-neurorehabilitation-from-nustep-through-iv-step-and-beyond
#7
Susan R Harris, Carolee J Winstein
PURPOSES: To present the history and aims of the STEP conferences; describe the interdependence of prevention, prediction, plasticity, and participation; reflect on where we stand today regarding those 4 Ps; and discuss how future neurorehabilitation should look for individuals with movement disorders. KEY POINTS: Physical therapists have focused primarily on tertiary prevention, emphasizing primary/secondary prevention far less. Predicting optimal response to intervention is essential for primary prevention...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627859/use-of-dynamic-movement-orthoses-to-improve-gait-stability-and-trunk-control-in-ataxic-patients
#8
Mariano Serrao, Carlo Casali, Alberto Ranavolo, Silvia Mari, Carmela Conte, Giorgia Chini, Luca Leonardi, Gianluca Coppola, Cherubino DI Lorenzo, Mahmoud Harfoush, Luca Padua, Francesco Pierelli
BACKGROUND: Patients with cerebellar ataxia show increased upper body movements, which have an impact on balance and walking. AIM: In this study, we investigated the effect of using dynamic movement orthoses (DMO), designed as elastic suits, on trunk motion and gait parameters. DESIGN: A longitudinal uncontrolled study. SETTING: Rehabilitative outpatient unit. POPULATION: Eleven patients (seven men, four women; mean age of 49...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624820/an-elevated-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-level-is-associated-with-unfavorable-functional-outcomes-of-small-artery-occlusion-in-patients-without-diabetes
#9
Yuan Gao, Ji Liu, Wanjun Wang, Chunlin Gao, Changshen Yu, Shoufeng Liu, Jialing Wu
BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with a risk of causing diabetes mellitus and ischemic stroke. However, the association between hs-CRP levels and functional outcome after small-artery occlusion (SAO) is unknown. METHODS: Data for 836 patients diagnosed with SAO were collected from the Department of Neurorehabilitation of Huanhu Hospital. Hs-CRP values were classified according to quartiles (<0.67, 0.67 to <1.46, 1.46 to <3...
June 17, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619087/longitudinal-estimation-of-intramuscular-tibialis-anterior-coherence-during-subacute-spinal-cord-injury-relationship-with-neurophysiological-functional-and-clinical-outcome-measures
#10
Elisabeth Bravo-Esteban, Julian Taylor, Manuel Aleixandre, Cristina Simón-Martínez, Diego Torricelli, Jose Luis Pons, Gerardo Avila-Martín, Iriana Galán-Arriero, Julio Gómez-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Estimation of surface intramuscular coherence has been used to indirectly assess pyramidal tract activity following spinal cord injury (SCI), especially within the 15-30 Hz bandwidth. However, change in higher frequency (>40 Hz) muscle coherence during SCI has not been characterised. Thus, the objective of this study was to identify change of high and low frequency intramuscular Tibialis Anterior (TA) coherence during incomplete subacute SCI. METHODS: Fifteen healthy subjects and 22 subjects with motor incomplete SCI (American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale, AIS, C or D grade) were recruited and tested during 4 sessions performed at 2-week intervals up to 8 months after SCI...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613178/biomechanical-reactions-of-exoskeleton-neurorehabilitation-robots-in-spastic-elbows-and-wrists
#11
Hyung Seok Nam, Sukgyu Koh, Yoon Jae Kim, Jaewon Beom, Woo Hyung Lee, Shi-Uk Lee, Sungwan Kim
Spasticity is an important factor in designing wearable and lightweight exoskeleton neurorehabilitation robots. The proposed study evaluates biomechanical reactions of an exoskeleton robot to spasticity and establishes relevant guidelines for robot design. A two-axis exoskeleton robot is used to evaluate a group of 20 patients post-stroke with spastic elbow and/or wrist joints. All subjects are given isokinetic movements at various angular velocities within the capable range of motion for both joints. The resistance torque and corresponding angular position at each joint are recorded continuously...
June 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606179/modifying-upper-limb-inter-joint-coordination-in-healthy-subjects-by-training-with-a-robotic-exoskeleton
#12
Tommaso Proietti, Emmanuel Guigon, Agnès Roby-Brami, Nathanaël Jarrassé
BACKGROUND: The possibility to modify the usually pathological patterns of coordination of the upper-limb in stroke survivors remains a central issue and an open question for neurorehabilitation. Despite robot-led physical training could potentially improve the motor recovery of hemiparetic patients, most of the state-of-the-art studies addressing motor control learning, with artificial virtual force fields, only focused on the end-effector kinematic adaptation, by using planar devices...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605738/spatial-neglect-predicts-upper-limb-use-in-the-activities-of-daily-living
#13
Tim Vanbellingen, Beatrice Ottiger, Noortje Maaijwee, Tobias Pflugshaupt, Stephan Bohlhalter, René M Müri, Tobias Nef, Dario Cazzoli, Thomas Nyffeler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motor tests performed at stroke onset have been shown to predict the recovery of upper limb motor impairment. Less is known about upper limb recovery at the level of functional activity or of participation and how spatial neglect may influence the integration of the upper limb in the activities of daily living (ADL). Our objective was to investigate whether the initial severity of spatial neglect may predict upper limb use in ADL. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with a right-hemispheric stroke (RHS) were prospectively included in the study...
June 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592282/the-role-of-virtual-reality-in-improving-motor-performance-as-revealed-by-eeg-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Margherita Russo, Antonino Leo, Rosaria De Luca, Tina Balletta, Antonio Buda, Gianluca La Rosa, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
BACKGROUND: Many studies have demonstrated the usefulness of repetitive task practice by using robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) devices, including Lokomat, for the treatment of lower limb paresis. Virtual reality (VR) has proved to be a valuable tool to improve neurorehabilitation training. The aim of our pilot randomized clinical trial was to understand the neurophysiological basis of motor function recovery induced by the association between RAGT (by using Lokomat device) and VR (an animated avatar in a 2D VR) by studying electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585890/hypoxic-conditioning-and-the-central-nervous-system-a-new-therapeutic-opportunity-for-brain-and-spinal-cord-injuries
#15
S Baillieul, S Chacaroun, S Doutreleau, O Detante, J L Pépin, S Verges
Central nervous system diseases are among the most disabling in the world. Neuroprotection and brain recovery from either acute or chronic neurodegeneration still represent a challenge in neurology and neurorehabilitation as pharmacology treatments are often insufficiently effective. Conditioning the central nervous system has been proposed as a potential non-pharmacological neuro-therapeutic. Conditioning refers to a procedure by which a potentially deleterious stimulus is applied near to but below the threshold of damage to the organism to increase resistance to the same or even different noxious stimuli given above the threshold of damage...
June 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582896/adaptive-locomotor-network-activation-during-randomized-walking-speeds-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#16
Ha Yeon Kim, Eun Joo Kim, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: An improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying locomotor networks has the potential to benefit the neurorehabilitation of patients with neurological locomotor deficits. However, the specific locomotor networks that mediate adaptive locomotor performance and changes in gait speed remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine patterns of cortical activation associated with the walking speeds of 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 km/h on a treadmill...
May 19, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573983/neuromorphic-neural-interfaces-from-neurophysiological-inspiration-to-biohybrid-coupling-with-nervous-systems
#17
Frédéric D Broccard, Siddharth Joshi, Jun Wang, Gert Cauwenberghs
OBJECTIVE: Computation in nervous systems operates with different computational primitives, and on different hardware, than traditional digital computation and is thus subjected to different constraints from its digital counterpart regarding the use of physical resources such as time, space and energy. In an effort to better understand neural computation on a physical medium with similar spatiotemporal and energetic constraints, the field of neuromorphic engineering aims to design and implement electronic systems that emulate in very large-scale integration (VLSI) hardware the organization and functions of neural systems at multiple levels of biological organization, from individual neurons up to large circuits and networks...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556875/nonpharmacological-treatments-for-post-stroke-depression-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
Niloufar Niakosari Hadidi, Roberta L Huna Wagner, Ruth Lindquist
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death and the number one cause of long-term disability. Seventy-five percent of annual stroke victims are older than 65. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common consequence of stroke, with the estimated prevalence ranging from 25% to 79%. Although several studies have investigated the impact of pharmacological interventions on PSD, there is a significant gap in knowledge regarding the efficacy of nonpharmacological measures for treatment of PSD. The purpose of the current integrative literature review was to synthesize the state of knowledge on selected nonpharmacological treatments for PSD and present findings regarding the efficacy of investigated treatments...
May 30, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553117/robot-assisted-gait-training-for-stroke-patients-current-state-of-the-art-and-perspectives-of-robotics
#19
REVIEW
Giovanni Morone, Stefano Paolucci, Andrea Cherubini, Domenico De Angelis, Vincenzo Venturiero, Paola Coiro, Marco Iosa
In this review, we give a brief outline of robot-mediated gait training for stroke patients, as an important emerging field in rehabilitation. Technological innovations are allowing rehabilitation to move toward more integrated processes, with improved efficiency and less long-term impairments. In particular, robot-mediated neurorehabilitation is a rapidly advancing field, which uses robotic systems to define new methods for treating neurological injuries, especially stroke. The use of robots in gait training can enhance rehabilitation, but it needs to be used according to well-defined neuroscientific principles...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550098/contralesional-brain-computer-interface-control-of-a-powered-exoskeleton-for-motor-recovery-in-chronic-stroke-survivors
#20
David T Bundy, Lauren Souders, Kelly Baranyai, Laura Leonard, Gerwin Schalk, Robert Coker, Daniel W Moran, Thy Huskey, Eric C Leuthardt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few effective therapies to achieve functional recovery from motor-related disabilities affecting the upper limb after stroke. This feasibility study tested whether a powered exoskeleton driven by a brain-computer interface (BCI), using neural activity from the unaffected cortical hemisphere, could affect motor recovery in chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors. This novel system was designed and configured for a home-based setting to test the feasibility of BCI-driven neurorehabilitation in outpatient environments...
May 26, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
keyword
keyword
2448
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"