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Burn Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909176/editorial-feeling-the-burn-sphingolipids-and-infection-risk-after-thermal-injury
#1
EDITORIAL
Julia K Bohannon, Edward R Sherwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908314/-severe-corneal-scald-after-steam-explosion
#2
Jógvan Suni Øregaard, Thuy Linh Tran, Jakob Felbo Paulsen, Rikke Bredgaard
Facial burns and scalds are common but the eyes are rarely affected. We present a case of a 40-year-old female patient with severe eye injury due to facial scald. Although initial examination in the emergency department did not reveal signs of serious injury, the patient was referred to the burns unit two days later due to suspicion of infection of the facial burns. She was found to have seriously impaired vision and was transferred to a department of ophthalmology. Examination revealed bilateral severe corneal injuries and bilateral limbal ischaemia, presumably leading to permanently impaired vision...
November 21, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907005/intraluminal-flagellin-differentially-contributes-to-gut-dysbiosis-and-systemic-inflammation-following-burn-injury
#3
Logan Grimes, Allie Doyle, Aaron L Miller, Richard B Pyles, Gabor Olah, Csaba Szabo, Sarah Hoskins, Tonyia Eaves-Pyles
Burn injury is associated with a loss of gut barrier function, resulting in systemic dissemination of gut-derived bacteria and their products. The bacterial protein and TLR5 agonist, flagellin, induces non-specific innate immune responses. Because we detected flagellin in the serum of burn patients, we investigated whether gut-derived flagellin was a primary or secondary contributor to intestinal dysfunction and systemic inflammation following burn injury. The apical surface of polarized human intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), Caco-2BBe, were exposed to 50 or 500 ng of purified flagellin and 1 x 105 of an intestinal E...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904757/brain-hemorrhage-after-electrical-burn-injury-case-report-and-probable-mechanism
#4
Gutierrez Aceves Guillermo Axayacalt, Ceja Espinosa Alejandro, Rios Alanis Marcos, Ruiz Flores Milton Inocencio, Herrera Gonzalez Jose Alfredo
BACKGROUND: High-voltage electric injury may induce lesion in different organs. In addition to the local tissue damage, electrical injuries may lead to neurological deficits, musculoskeletal damage, and cardiovascular injury. Severe vascular damage may occur making the blood vessels involved prone to thrombosis and spontaneous rupture. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we present the case of a 39-year-old male who suffered an electrical burn with high tension wire causing intracranial bleeding...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904264/a-case-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-that-a-fire-department-first-reported-as-an-inhalation-burn-injury
#5
Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Youichi Yanagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903334/applying-an-evidence-based-assessment-model-to-identify-students-at-risk-for-perceived-academic-problems-following-concussion
#6
Danielle M Ransom, Alison R Burns, Eric A Youngstrom, Christopher G Vaughan, Maegan D Sady, Gerard A Gioia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utility of an evidence-based assessment (EBA) model to establish a multimodal set of tools for identifying students at risk for perceived post-injury academic problems. METHODS: Participants included 142 students diagnosed with concussion (age: M=14.95; SD=1.80; 59% male), evaluated within 4 weeks of injury (median=16 days). Demographics, pre-injury history, self- and parent-report measures assessing symptom severity and executive functions, and cognitive test performance were examined as predictors of self-reported post-injury academic problems...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902672/essential-content-for-discharge-instructions-in-pediatric-emergency-care-a-delphi-study
#7
Janet A Curran, Andrea Murphy, Emma Burns, Amy Plint, Monica Taljaard, Shannon MacPhee, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Andrea Bishop, Jill Chorney, Megan Bourque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the 5 most essential discharge instruction content elements that should be communicated to all caregivers of children who present to the emergency department (ED) with asthma, vomiting/diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, minor head injury, or bronchiolitis. METHODS: A discharge information content list was developed for each illness presentation following a review of the literature. Using a modified Delphi technique, 6 lists were distributed to a panel of experts from EDs across Canada using a secure online survey tool with the goal of achieving the 5 most essential discharge instruction elements...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896147/early-debridement-and-delayed-primary-vascularized-cover-in-forearm-electrical-burns-a-prospective-study
#8
Aniruddh Mene, Gautam Biswas, Atul Parashar, Anish Bhattacharya
AIM: To look into the management options of early debridement of the wound, followed by vascularized cover to bring in fresh blood supply to remaining tissue in electrical burns. METHODS: A total of 16 consecutive patients sustaining full thickness forearm burns over a period of one year were included in the study group. Debridement was undertaken within 48 h in 13 patients. Three patients were taken for debridement after 48 h. Debridement was repeated within 2-4 d after daily wound assessment and need for further debridement...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894559/helicopter-transport-in-regionalized-burn-care-one-program-s-perspective
#9
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa
BACKGROUND: The decision to use helicopter EMS (HEMS) for the transport of burn patients is a complex decision. This analysis sought to evaluate burn patients flown to burn centers who met predetermined criteria for patients who likely benefit from HEMS care. METHODS: A retrospective transport chart review of all burn transports covering the preceding nine and a half years was conducted to evaluate for HEMS appropriate criteria defined as patients requiring advanced airway management, ventilator support, facial burns, inhalation injury, circumferential burns, electrical or chemical burn, or major burns...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894390/-effects-of-different-fluid-resuscitation-program-on-renal-function-in-swine-during-shock-stage-of-severe-burn
#10
G L Su, W X Huang, J Chen, D J Xue, J J Zhou
Objective: To explore the effects of different fluid resuscitation program on renal function in swine during shock stage of severe burn. Methods: Twenty-four Guangxi Bama miniature swine were inflicted with 40% total body surface area on the back, and then they were divided into four groups according to the random number table, with 6 swine in each group. At post injury hour (PIH) 2, swine in succinylated gelatin group (S), hydroxyethyl starch group (H), and allogeneic plasma group (A) were respectively resuscitated with succinylated gelatin, hydroxyethyl starch 130/0...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894302/anti-inflammatory-and-burn-injury-wound-healing-properties-of-the-shell-of-haliotis-diversicolor
#11
Zhi-Cheng Chen, Shing-Yi Sean Wu, Wei-Yang Su, Yuan-Chuan Lin, Yi-Hsin Lee, Wei-Hao Wu, Chun-Hong Chen, Zhi-Hong Wen
BACKGROUND: The shell of Haliotis diversicolor, or shijueming (SJM), is a type of traditional Chinese medicine. The SJM has appeared in historical records as early as the third and fourth centuries. Historical records have revealed that SJM had mainly been used to treat eye diseases. After the Qing Dynasty (1757), records had emerged, detailing the use of SJM for treating skin injuries, particularly for treating poorly managed ulcers or traumatic wounds. Furthermore, in our anti-inflammation-screening system, SJM significantly inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory proteins...
November 28, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893581/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-demographics-on-activation-of-department-of-child-and-family-services-in-pediatric-burn-injury
#12
Jessica K Campos, Yee M Wong, Brittany N Hasty, Kelly A McElligott, Michael J Mosier
Burns resulting from child maltreatment are tragic causes of significant morbidity and mortality, most commonly affecting children under 3 years of age. More than one third of nonaccidental burns occur in single-parent homes or have parents with history of mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, or Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) involvement. The authors sought to profile pediatric burn injuries associated with DCFS investigations. They performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric burn patients, admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#13
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893577/a-novel-classification-system-for-injuries-after-electronic-cigarette-explosions
#14
Scott B Patterson, Allison R Beckett, Alicia Lintner, Carly Leahey, Ashley Greer, Sidney B Brevard, Jon D Simmons, Steven A Kahn
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) contain lithium batteries that have been known to explode and/or cause fires that have resulted in burn injury. The purpose of this article is to present a case study, review injuries caused by e-cigarettes, and present a novel classification system from the newly emerging patterns of burns. A case study was presented and online media reports for e-cigarette burns were queried with search terms "e-cigarette burns" and "electronic cigarette burns." The reports and injury patterns were tabulated...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893575/variations-in-burn-excision-and-grafting-a-survey-of-the-american-burn-association
#15
Jacqueline S Israel, David G Greenhalgh, Angela L Gibson
It is unknown whether variations in burn care affect outcomes or affect the success of emerging therapeutics. The purpose of this study was to assess burn surgeons' preferences in excision and grafting to determine if surgical technique affects outcomes. A 71-item survey evaluating skin grafting techniques was emailed to members of the American Burn Association in July and August 2015. The survey was anonymous and voluntary. Relationships between variables were evaluated using Fisher's exact test. A P-value of ≤...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893572/pain-management-in-pediatric-burn-patients-review-of-recent-literature-and-future-directions
#16
Omar Pardesi, Gennadiy Fuzaylov
Childhood burns are a profoundly traumatic and painful experience. Despite recognition of the prevalence of burn injuries in children and the severity of the associated pain, burn pain remains undertreated. At the same time, more evidence is emerging to suggest that undertreated pain has serious long-term medical and psychiatric consequences, many of which can be ameliorated with improved pain control. Pain in burn patients is, however, notoriously difficult to treat, perhaps because there is a chronic pain aspect underlying the acute pain that accompanies wound care and procedures...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893571/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-used-in-adult-burn-research
#17
Catrin Griffiths, Ella Guest, Paul White, Emma Gaskin, Nichola Rumsey, Jonathan Pleat, Diana Harcourt
Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are vital for evaluating patient needs and therapeutic progress. This review aimed to identify the PROMs used in adult burn care and establish their quality. Computerized bibliographic searches of Psychinfo, Social Sciences Citation Index, Cinahl, Psycharticles, AMED, Medline, and HAPI were used to find English-language articles using English-language PROMs from January 2001 to September 2016. Psychometric quality assessment of the PROMs was conducted. A total of 117 studies achieved the entry criteria and reported using 77 different PROMs (71 generic and 6 burn-specific)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884557/laryngeal-trauma-following-an-inhalation-injury-a-review-and-case-report
#18
REVIEW
Gemma Hogg, Jay Goswamy, Sadie Khwaja, Nadeem Khwaja
The primary concern when managing a patient with inhalation injury is security of the airway. Airflow may be impeded by both edema of the upper airway and reduction of oxygen delivery to the lower respiratory tract. Although there has been much discussion regarding management of the latter, the focus of this article is the management of the former. This review aimed to determine the optimum management in burn victims with upper airway inhalation injury as an attempt to prevent laryngeal trauma leading to long-term voice disorders and upper airway dyspnea...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883102/patients-with-burn-injuries-admitted-to-norwegian-hospitals-a-population-based-study
#19
Henning Onarheim, Ragnvald Ljones Brekke, Anne Berit Guttormsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881496/penetrating-intracranial-injury-caused-by-an-unusual-home-made-iron-pyrotechnic-device
#20
Slobodan Nikolić, Vladimir Živković
Herein, a potentially dangerous explosive home-made device used for fun and entertainment is described. It consists of two iron parts connected with a U-shaped thick wire: a wedge about 8 cm in length, which fits into a hollow cylinder, filled with a small amount of nitre (the mineral form of potassium nitrate). Striking the device onto a hard surface creates a spark inside it, which burns the nitre, producing a very loud bang. We are in possession of such device in our forensic museum collection. We present a case from 1937 related to the use of this explosive home-made device...
November 23, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
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