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Burn rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776862/social-participation-social-support-and-body-image-in-the-first-year-of-rehabilitation-in-burn-survivors-a-longitudinal-three-wave-cross-lagged-panel-analysis-using-structural-equation-modeling
#1
Fardin Ajoudani, Madineh Jasemi, Mojgan Lotfi
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial outcomes of burn survivors in the first year of rehabilitation are not well studied. Considering the interrelationships among psychosocial processes in burn survivors, we assessed three psychosocial variables (i.e., social support, social participation, and body image) simultaneously in a longitudinal study. AIMS: This study aimed at identifying the developmental trajectory of the main study variables and also discovering the causal pathways between social support, body image, and social participation of burn survivors in the first year of rehabilitation...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746348/homeless-status-postdischarge-health-care-utilization-and-readmission-after-surgery
#2
Ashley Titan, Laura Graham, Amy Rosen, Kamal Itani, Laurel A Copeland, Hillary J Mull, Edith Burns, Joshua Richman, Stefan Kertesz, Tyler Wahl, Melanie Morris, Jeffery Whittle, Gordon Telford, Mark Wilson, Mary Hawn
INTRODUCTION: Homeless Veterans are vulnerable to poor care transitions, yet little research has examined their risk of readmission following inpatient surgery. This study investigates the predictors of surgical readmission among homeless relative to housed Veteran patients. METHODS: Inpatient general, vascular, and orthopedic surgeries occurring in the Veterans Health Administration from 2008 to 2014 were identified. Administrative International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes and Veterans Health Administration clinic stops were used to identify homeless patients...
June 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670997/burn-survivors-pulmonary-and-muscular-impairment-exercise-tolerance-and-return-to-work-following-medical-vocational-rehabilitation-a-long-term-follow-up
#3
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626178/unique-clinical-and-neurophysiologic-profile-of-a-cohort-of-children-with-cmtx3
#4
Manoj Kanhangad, Kayla Cornett, Megan H Brewer, Garth A Nicholson, Monique M Ryan, Robert L Smith, Gopinath M Subramanian, Helen K Young, Stephan Züchner, Marina L Kennerson, Joshua Burns, Manoj P Menezes
OBJECTIVE: To describe in detail the clinical profile of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease subtype 3 (CMTX3) to aid appropriate genetic testing and rehabilitative therapy. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and neurophysiologic profile and CMT Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS) assessments of 11 children with CMTX3. RESULTS: Compared with the more common forms of CMT, CMT1A and CMTX, CMTX3 was characterized by early onset with early and progressive hand weakness...
April 6, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622249/editorial-commentary-put-down-your-saw-and-pick-up-your-scope-or-why-burn-down-the-bridge-when-the-road-ahead-is-full-of-potholes-reverse-total-shoulder-replacement-versus-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#5
EDITORIAL
Joseph C Tauro
Are we doing too many reverse total shoulder replacements and not fixing enough repairable rotator cuff tears? A convincing argument can be made for attempting to repair most, not all, very large rotator cuff tears in patients who do not have a significant arthritic change in the shoulder. My experience over more than 25 years of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) is that the only good way to know if it is repairable is to try. But some patients really do not pass my "eyeball test" as to whether they can rehabilitate and heal enough to make an ARCR reasonable...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618886/scar-management-after-surgical-repair-of-lateral-facial-clefts
#6
Vicky Kang, Alvaro A Figueroa, Russell R Reid
The prevention of scar contracture after surgery is an important aspect of lateral facial cleft repair. Maintaining adequate mouth opening is essential for speech, expression, chewing, oral hygiene and psychosocial well-being. Although there have been extensive reviews of non-surgical microstomia management in patients with oral electrical burns, there have been no reports on the use of oral commissure splints to manage the surgical scar in patients with lateral facial clefts. The case study presented here will demonstrate the clinical use of cheek retractors to provide physical resistance to scar contracture...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615112/where-to-from-here-a-quality-improvement-project-investigating-burns-treatment-and-rehabilitation-practices-in-india
#7
J Jagnoor, C Lukaszyk, A Christou, T Potokar, S Chamania, R Ivers
OBJECTIVE: To describe the capacity of the Indian healthcare system in providing appropriate and effective burns treatment and rehabilitation services. RESULTS: Health professionals involved in burns treatment or rehabilitation at seven hospitals from four states in India were invited to participate in consultative meetings. Existing treatment and rehabilitation strategies, barriers and enablers to patient flow across the continuum of care and details on inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation were discussed during the meetings...
April 3, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609278/-influence-of-wechat-platform-on-the-compliance-of-continuous-treatment-of-scar-in-adult-burn-patients
#8
F Wang, H L Zhang
Objective: To explore influence of the WeChat platform on the compliance of continuous treatment of scar in adult burn patients. Methods: A total of 124 adult burn patients, conforming to the study criteria, admitted in the Department of Burns of our hospital from January 2015 to January 2016 were divided into WeChat group ( n =63) and control group ( n =61) according to the random number table. Patients in control group only received regular discharging rehabilitation guide, while patients in WeChat group received regular discharging rehabilitation guide and joined WeChat platform after being discharged from hospital...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609276/-influence-of-three-level-collaboration-network-of-pediatric-burns-treatment-in-anhui-province-on-treatment-effects-of-burn-children
#9
Z G Xia, X L Zhou, W C Kong, X Z Li, J H Song, L S Fang, D L Hu, C Cai, Y Z Tang, Y X Yu, C H Wang, Q L Xu
Objective: To explore the influence of three-level collaboration network of pediatric burns in Anhui province on treatment effects of burn children. Methods: The data of medical records of pediatric burn children transferred from Lu'an People's Hospital and Fuyang People's Hospital to the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2014 to December 2015 and January 2016 to September 2017 (before and after establishing three-level collaboration network of pediatric burns treatment) were analyzed: percentage of transferred burn children to hospitalized burn children in corresponding period, gender, age, burn degree, treatment method, treatment result, occurrence and treatment result of shock, and operative and non-operative treatment time and cost...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596648/quantification-of-an-exercise-rehabilitation-program-for-severely-burned-children-the-standard-of-care-at-shriners-hospitals-for-children%C3%A2-galveston
#10
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Craig Porter, Shauna Glover, Oscar E Suman
Introduction: Currently, there are no clear guidelines for the implementation of rehabilitative exercise training (RET) in burned individuals. Therefore, we quantified the training logs for exercise intensity, frequency, and duration of 6 weeks of this program in order to develop a basic framework for outpatient RET in patients recovering from severe burns. Methods: Thirty-three children (11 female, [mean±SD] 12±3 years, 145±18 cm, 40±11 kg, 49±31 BMI percentile) with severe burns (49±15% total body surface area burned, with 35±22% third-degree burns) completed our 6-week resistance and aerobic exercise training program...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596597/rehabilitation-exercise-increases-physical-activity-levels-in-severely-burned-children-while-improving-aerobic-exercise-capacity-and-strength
#11
Eric Rivas, Joan Tran, Ileana L Gutierrez, Martha Chapa, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
This study tested the hypothesis that participation in a rehabilitation exercise program after hospital discharge would increase the level of physical activity in burned children to that seen in free-living non-burned children. Thirty-one severely burned children (12±3 y, 144±18 cm, 42±17 kg, 48 ±12% total body surface area burns) were matched to 31 non-burned children (12±3 y, 147±17 cm, 45±15 kg) based on age and sex. Pedometers were used to track minutes and steps in burned children during their exercise rehabilitation and non-burned children under free-living conditions (healthy control)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579311/strength-and-cardiorespiratory-exercise-rehabilitation-for-severely-burned-patients-during-intensive-care-units-a-survey-of-practice
#12
Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Ingrid Parry, Eric Rivas, Jennifer Kemp-Offenberg, Soman Sen, Julie A Rizzo, Michael A Serghiou, Karen Kowalske, Steven E Wolf, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
Minimizing the deconditioning of burn injury through early rehabilitation programs (RP) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is of importance for improving the recovery time. The aim of this study was to assess current standard of care (SOC) for early ICU exercise programs in major burn centers. We designed a survey investigating exercise RP on the ICU for burn patients with >30% total burned surface area. The survey was composed of 23 questions and submitted electronically via SurveyMonkey® to six major (pediatric and adult) burn centers in Texas and California...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569497/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-stroke-outcomes-a-scoping-review-of-post-stroke-disability-assessment-tools
#13
Suzanne Perea Burns, Brandi M White, Gayenell Magwood, Charles Ellis, Ayaba Logan, Joy N Jones Buie, Robert J Adams
PURPOSE: To identify how post-stroke disability outcomes are assessed in studies that examine racial/ethnic disparities and to map the identified assessment content to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) across the time course of stroke recovery. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of the literature. Articles published between January 2001 and July 2017 were identified through Scopus, PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
March 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551383/fabrication-of-an-implant-supported-fixed-complete-denture-using-multiple-digital-technologies-for-a-patient-with-a-perioral-burn-a-clinical-report
#14
Vladimir Ovchinnik, Berfin Karatas, Burak Yilmaz, Edwin A McGlumphy
This clinical report describes the prosthetic and surgical management of a patient with a restricted oral orifice due to a perioral burn. Complete oral rehabilitation was achieved with maxillary and mandibular implant-supported fixed prostheses using a combination of digital and conventional impressions, design, and processing techniques.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534883/hand-burns-surface-area-a-rule-of-thumb
#15
Dallan Dargan, Anirban Mandal, Kayvan Shokrollahi
INTRODUCTION: Rapid estimation of acute hand burns is important for communication, standardisation of assessment, rehabilitation and research. Use of an individual's own thumbprint area as a fraction of their total hand surface area was evaluated to assess potential utility in hand burn evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten health professionals used an ink-covered dominant thumb pulp to cover the surfaces of their own non-dominant hand using the contralateral thumb...
March 11, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523568/identifying-priority-policy-issues-and-health-system-research-questions-associated-with-recovery-outcomes-for-burns-survivors-in-india-a-qualitative-inquiry
#16
Jagnoor Jagnoor, Sheree Bekker, Shobha Chamania, Tom Potokar, Rebecca Ivers
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify priority policy issues and health system research questions associated with recovery outcomes for burns survivors in India. DESIGN: Qualitative inquiry; data were collected through semistructured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. SETTING: Nine sites in urban and rural settings across India, through primary, secondary and tertiary health facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Healthcare providers, key informants, burns survivors and/or their carers...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518375/interdisciplinary-approaches-to-facilitate-return-to-driving-and-return-to-work-in-mild-stroke-a-position-paper
#17
Suzanne Perea Burns, Jaclyn K Schwartz, Shannon L Scott, Hannes Devos, Mark Kovic, Ickpyo Hong, Abiodun Akinwuntan
Adults with mild stroke face substantial challenges resuming valued roles in the community. The term "mild" provides false representation of the lived experience for many adults with mild stroke who may continue to experience persistent challenges and unmet needs. Rehabilitation practitioners can identify and consequently intervene to facilitate improved independence, participation, and quality of life by facilitating function and reducing the burden of lost abilities among adults with mild stroke...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463463/effect-of-primary-admission-to-burn-centers-on-the-outcomes-of-severely-burned-patients
#18
Denis Ehrl, Paul I Heidekrueger, Milomir Ninkovic, P Niclas Broer
OBJECTIVE: Burns represent a special form of severe trauma. Due to long hospitalization, rehabilitation, and extensive scar treatment, severe burn injuries rank among the most expensive traumatic injuries regarding associated health care costs. The presented single-burn-center experiences evaluated the effects of primary versus secondary burn intensive care unit (BICU) admissions on outcomes in severely burned patients. METHODS: Within 30 months, 186 patients were admitted to the BICU...
May 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461291/fifty-years-of-burn-care-at-shriners-hospitals-for-children-galveston
#19
Karel D Čapek, Derek M Culnan, Manubhai H Desai, David N Herndon
More than 50 years ago, Shriners Hospitals for Children expanded their philanthropy to include care for burned children. In so doing, the effects of their work weightily expanded from rehabilitation and quality of life outcomes to include survival proper. As the first facility dedicated to the care of burned children, originally designated the Shriners Burn Institute, the Galveston hospital remains the cornerstone of this endeavor. Shriners maintains charitable pediatric hospitals, provide care irrespective of the patient's or the family's ability to pay, and promote research...
March 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430145/nasal-reconstruction-with-silicone-using-customised-impression-technique
#20
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammed, Janavi Kamath, K Kamalakanth Shenoy
Facial defects can result from a variety of reasons including trauma, burns, infections, congenital disorders, and neoplasms which require surgical correction or prosthetic rehabilitation or both. Prosthetic replacement using various materials is the treatment of choice when other surgical options are not possible. This report presents a case of acquired nasal defect secondary to a surgically operated adenoid cystic carcinoma using silicone as the material of choice.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
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