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Burn rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908464/effects-of-different-duration-exercise-programs-in-children-with-severe-burns
#1
Robert P Clayton, Paul Wurzer, Clark R Andersen, Ronald P Mlcak, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Burns lead to persistent and detrimental muscle breakdown and weakness. Standard treatment at our institution includes a voluntary 12-week rehabilitative exercise program to limit and reverse the effects of increased muscle catabolism. In the present work, we investigated if different durations of exercise, 6 or 12 weeks, produce comparable improvements in muscle strength, body composition, and cardiopulmonary fitness. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled and randomized patients with ≥30% total body surface area (TBSA) burned to receive 6 or 12 weeks of exercise rehabilitation...
November 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900750/-the-management-of-itching-in-burn-patients-during-the-rehabilitation-stage
#2
Shu-Fen Lo, Li-Jung Chang, Ting-Yuan Shiue, Ching-Yi Pan, Hui-Chuan Wu
Pruritus, a distressing symptom that affects burn patients, not only interferes with activities of daily living but also causes disturbed sleep, which has been associated with anxiety, depression, and other types of negative moods. Furthermore, the uncontrolled scratching that often accompanies pruritus causes tissue damage and may damage or destroy the skin graft. In this paper, the authors first describe the definition and mechanism of pruritus and next use itching-assessment tools to identify the triggering factors...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#3
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881318/clinical-characteristics-of-an-allergic-reaction-to-a-polyether-dental-impression-material
#4
Caroline Freitas Rafael, Anja Liebermann
Allergic and hypersensitivity reactions to dental impression materials may occur throughout dental treatment, with diverse manifestations from slight redness to severe pain and a burning mouth with total stomatitis. Patients are often unaware of these allergic reactions, which makes early identification of the cause almost impossible. In addition, symptoms usually begin after 24 hours and mostly in patients with a preexisting history of allergic responses. This report describes a patient with a suspected allergic reaction to a polyether dental impression material during prosthetic rehabilitation associated with a mandibular telescopic denture...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857656/reverse-flow-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-an-ad-hoc-flap-for-severe-post-burn-knee-contracture
#5
H A Ismail, L E El-Bassiony
We evaluate function outcomes of the reverse-flow ALT perforator flap to reconstruct severe post-burn knee contracture. Between October 2012 and December 2014, 10 patients with severe post-burn knee contracture were subjected to reconstruction with 10 ipsilateral reversed-flow ALT perforator flaps. All the patients were male. Ages ranged from 15 to 47 years (mean = 32 years). Time from burn injury to patient presentation ranged from 2-8 months. All patients demonstrated post-burn flexion contracture of the knee joint, ranging from 35 to 75 degrees...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857648/german-european-or-american-burn-guidelines-is-one-superior-to-another
#6
F J Paprottka, N Krezdorn, K Young, R Ipaktchi, D Hebebrand, P M Vogt
Adequate medical care of severe burn injuries requires special organizational infrastructure and high educational standards, with an appropriate number of health care professionals. Guidelines were written by the German Society for Burn Treatment (DGV), the European Burns Association (EBA) and the American Burn Association (ABA) to assist with the delivery of such care. Current DGV (2010), EBA (2013) and ABA (2001/2006/2008) guidelines are compared, focusing on similarities, differences, conciseness and completeness...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830377/-changes-and-differences-of-heart-rate-variability-of-patients-in-a%C3%A2-psychiatric-rehabilitation-clinic
#7
Friedrich Riffer, Lore Streibl, Manuel Sprung, Elmar Kaiser, Lena Riffer
BACKGROUND: A reduced heart rate variability (HRV) has been associated with various different pathological physical and psychological conditions and illnesses. The present study is focused on investigating HRV in respect to psychological disorders (depressive disorders anxiety disorders, Burn-out-Syndrome). METHODS: The results from an investigation with patients from a psychiatric Rehabilitation clinic following a six week in-patient treatment are presented...
December 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826591/predictors-of-functional-independence-quality-of-life-and-return-to-work-in-patients-with-burn-injuries-in-mainland-china
#8
Dan Tang, Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Ricky K C Au, Xia Shen, Kui-Cheng Li, Xian-Feng Yi, Lin-Rong Liao, Hai-Yan Cao, Ya-Nan Feng, Chuan-Shun Liu
BACKGROUND: Burn injury may be associated with long-term rehabilitation and disability, while research studies on the functional performance after injuries, quality of life (QOL), and abilities to return to work of burn patients are limited. These outcomes are related not just to the degree and nature of injuries, but also to the socio-economical background of the society. This study aimed to identify the factors which might affect burn patients' abilities to reintegrate back to the society based on a sample in mainland China...
2016: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777134/is-there-any-place-for-spontaneous-healing-in-deep-palmar-burn-of-the-child
#9
J Chateau, M Guillot, L Zevounou, F Braye, J-L Foyatier, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
Child palm burns arise by contact and are often deep. The singular difficulty of such a disease comes from the necessity of the child growth and from the potential occurrence of constricted scars. In order to avoid sequelae, the actual gold standard is to practice an early excision of the burn, followed by a skin graft. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of spontaneous healing combined with rehabilitation versus early skin grafting and rehabilitation concerning the apparition of sequelae. We performed a retrospective study in two burn centers and one rehabilitation hospital between 1995 and 2010...
October 21, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762595/an-official-american-thoracic-society-american-college-of-chest-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline-liberation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-adults-rehabilitation-protocols-ventilator-liberation-protocols-and-cuff-leak-tests
#10
Timothy D Girard, Waleed Alhazzani, John P Kress, Daniel R Ouellette, Gregory A Schmidt, Jonathon D Truwit, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miquel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, William Schweickert, Kevin C Wilson, Peter E Morris
BACKGROUND: Interventions that lead to earlier liberation from mechanical ventilation can improve patient outcomes. This guideline, a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), provides evidence-based recommendations to optimize liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. METHODS: Two methodologists performed evidence syntheses to summarize available evidence relevant to key questions about liberation from mechanical ventilation...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758149/the-burn-model-systems-outcome-measures-a-content-analysis-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#11
Candice L Osborne, Christina Petersson, James E Graham, Walter J Meyer, Rune J Simeonsson, Oscar E Suman, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
BACKGROUND: The National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) Burn Injury Model Systems (BMS) is a nationwide database that uses patient-reported outcome measures to collect data. Though the outcome measures demonstrate good psychometric properties, the question remains whether or not these measures collect data that encompass the entire experience of burn patients over time. METHODS: Each meaningful concept included in the BMS assessments was linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in order to classify and describe the content of each measure...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708134/surgical-excision-of-heterotopic-ossification-leads-to-re-emergence-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-populations-responsible-for-recurrence
#12
Shailesh Agarwal, Shawn Loder, David Cholok, John Li, Chris Breuler, James Drake, Cameron Brownley, Joshua Peterson, Shuli Li, Benjamin Levi
: : Trauma-induced heterotopic ossification (HO) occurs after severe musculoskeletal injuries and burns, and presents a significant barrier to patient rehabilitation. Interestingly, the incidence of HO significantly increases with repeated operations and after resection of previous HO. Treatment of established heterotopic ossification is challenging because surgical excision is often incomplete, with evidence of persistent heterotopic bone. As a result, patients may continue to report the signs or symptoms of HO, including chronic pain, nonhealing wounds, and joint restriction...
October 5, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707641/early-assessment-and-identification-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-satisfaction-with-appearance-and-coping-in-patients-with-burns
#13
Oili Dahl, Marie Wickman, Viveca Björnhagen, Mona Friberg, Yvonne Wengström
BACKGROUND: The first year after severe burn is a psychologically challenging period for the patient. Patients may still struggle with burn-related physical and psychological problems such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). AIM: This study investigates the presence of PTSD, BID and coping, at three, six and twelve months after discharge for early identification of patients in need of focused support during rehabilitation...
October 1, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707499/hypertrophic-scarring-the-greatest-unmet-challenge-after-burn-injury
#14
REVIEW
Celeste C Finnerty, Marc G Jeschke, Ludwik K Branski, Juan P Barret, Peter Dziewulski, David N Herndon
Improvements in acute burn care have enabled patients to survive massive burns that would have once been fatal. Now up to 70% of patients develop hypertrophic scars after burns. The functional and psychosocial sequelae remain a major rehabilitative challenge, decreasing quality of life and delaying reintegration into society. Approaches to optimise healing potential of burn wounds use targeted wound care and surgery to minimise the development of hypertrophic scarring. Such approaches often fail, and modulation of the established scar is continued although the optimal indication, timing, and combination of therapies have yet to be established...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699915/relationship-between-physical-performance-and-quality-of-life-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-a-pilot-study
#15
Daniel Roberts-Clarke, Che Fornusek, Nidhi Saigal, Mark Halaki, Joshua Burns, Garth Nicholson, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Daniel Hackett
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is a rare inherited peripheral neuropathy in which quality of life (QoL) is reduced compared to the general population. This paper investigates the relationship between QoL and physical performance in people with CMT with the aim of identifying avenues for future research into rehabilitation strategies. Cross-sectional data was obtained from 10 participants (5 men, 5 women, age 46 ± 13 y, height 1.7 ± 0.1 m, body mass 77 ± 17 kg) with CMT (CMT1A n = 5; CMT-X n = 3; unknown genetic origin n = 3)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685196/two-year-follow-up-of-outcomes-related-to-scarring-and-distress-in-children-with-severe-burns
#16
Paul Wurzer, Abigail A Forbes, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Clark R Andersen, Kathryn M Epperson, Walter J Meyer, Lars P Kamolz, Ludwik K Branski, Oscar E Suman, David N Herndon, Celeste C Finnerty
PURPOSE: We assessed the perception of scarring and distress by pediatric burn survivors with burns covering more than one-third of total body surface area (TBSA) for up to 2 years post-burn. METHODS: Children with severe burns were admitted to our hospital between 2004 and 2012, and consented to this IRB-approved-study. Subjects completed at least one Scars Problems and/or Distress questionnaire between discharge and 24 months post burn. Outcomes were modeled with generalized estimating equations or using mixed linear models...
August 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676924/clinical-prm-care-pathways-patients-after-lower-limb-bone-joint-injury
#17
Patricia Ribinik, Paul Calmels, Patrick Dehail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical care pathway for patients who underwent lower limb bone joint injury, taking into account patients' needs, PRM care objectives, human and material resources to be implemented, chronology as well as expected outcomes. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This clinical care pathway is designed upon the expertise of the Sofmer-Fedmer signatory group, after analysis of literature, French rules and recommendations. It is ratified by the Sofmer scientific council...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676797/effectiveness-of-early-physiotherapy-on-cutaneous-and-musculoskeletal-impairments-in-burn
#18
Germain Maberou Houngbedji, Etienne Alagnide, Didier Niama, Bibiane S Dagba, Toussaint G Kpadonou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of early rehabilitation on the cutaneous and musculoskeletal impairments in burn patients in sub-Sahara Africa. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective comparative study of 67 patients divided into two groups G1 and G2. The patients of G1 received in addition to their emergency care, their rehabilitation therapy. On the other hand, the patients of G2 have started their physical therapy only after complete stabilization of their clinical status...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673254/poster-110-a-cognitive-deficits-in-patients-admitted-to-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation-for-recovery-from-severe-burn-trauma
#19
Heather M Ma, Mark Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645204/planning-for-the-closure-of-uncontrolled-landfills-in-turkey-to-reduce-environmental-impacts
#20
Didar Ergene Şentürk, Emre Alp
Landfilling is the most preferred solid waste disposal method in Turkey owing to both economic and technical reasons. However, beside the sanitary landfills there are also hundreds of uncontrolled waste sites located throughout Turkey, which are often left either abandoned or burning. Because there is a lack of legislative guidelines governing the closure and rehabilitation of these dumpsites, the municipalities that are responsible for waste management do not initiate the proactive strategies required for the closure of these sites...
November 2016: Waste Management & Research
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