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Burn rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651418/-advances-in-the-research-of-pressure-therapy-for-pediatric-burn-patients-with-facial-scar
#1
Y T Wei, J F Fu, Z H P Li-Tsang
Facial scar and deformation caused by burn injury severely affect physical and psychological well-being of pediatric burn patients, which needs medical workers and pediatric burn patients' family members to pay much attention to and to perform early rehabilitation treatment. Pressure therapy is an important rehabilitative strategy for pediatric burn patients with facial scar, mainly including wearing headgears and transparent pressure facemasks, which have their own features. To achieve better treatment results, pressure therapy should be chosen according to specific condition of pediatric burn patients and combined with other assistant therapies...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651417/-influences-of-different-rehabilitative-methods-on-function-of-hands-and-psychological-anxiety-of-patients-with-deeply-burned-hands-retaining-denatured-dermis-and-grafting-large-autologous-skin
#2
H Peng, P F Liang, A Wang, L Q Yue
Objective: To investigate influences of different rehabilitative methods on function of hands and psychological anxiety of patients with deeply burned hands retaining denatured dermis and grafting large autologous skin. Methods: Forty-four patients with deeply burned hands, conforming to the study criteria were admitted to Department of Burns and Reconstructive Surgery of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to June 2015. Patients were divided into propaganda education rehabilitation group (PER, n=23) and specially-assigned person rehabilitation group (SAPR, n=21) according to the random number table and patients' willingness...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#3
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651414/-lay-emphasis-on-early-rehabilitation-after-extensive-burn-to-prevent-severe-complications-in-late-stage
#4
G Z Lyu, L W Xu
The mental disorders, scar, and dysfunction will affect the work and study of patients with extensive burn, which can further affect the quality of life and the rate of return to society. Under the premise of saving life, the function of patients with extensive burn should be reserved as much as possible for a better living quality. In addition to the specialized treatment, body positioning, therapeutic exercise, orthosis application, and psychotherapy can be used in the early stage of burn rehabilitation. Early rehabilitation training is beneficial to the circulatory system, immune system, functional and psychological recovery of patients...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649575/ecmo-in-major-burn-patients-feasibility-and-considerations-when-multiple-modes-of-mechanical-ventilation-fail
#5
Jason D Kennedy, Wesley Thayer, Reuben Beuno, Kelly Kohorst, Avinash B Kumar
BACKGROUND: We report two cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome in burn patients who were successfully managed with good outcomes with extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after failing multiple conventional modes of ventilation, and review the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: The two patients were a 39-year-old male and 53-year-old male with modified Baux Scores of 79 and 78, respectively, with no known inhalation injury. After the initial modified Parkland-based fluid resuscitation and partial escharotomy, both patients developed worsening hypoxemia and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644208/shake-it-off-a-randomized-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-pain-in-healing-burn-wounds
#6
Juliet J Ray, Angel D Alvarez, Sondra L Ulbrich, Sharon Lessner-Eisenberg, Shevonne S Satahoo, Jonathan P Meizoso, Charles A Karcutskie, Leela S Mundra, Nicholas Namias, Louis R Pizano, Carl I Schulman
Whole body vibration (WBV) has been shown to improve strength in extremities with healed burn wounds. We hypothesize that WBV reduces pain during rehabilitation compared to standard therapy alone. Patients with ≥1% TBSA burn to one or more extremities from October 2014 to December 2015 were randomized to vibration (VIBE) or control. Each burned extremity was tested separately within the assigned group. Patients underwent one to three therapy sessions (S1, S2, S3) consisting of five upper and/or lower extremity exercises with or without WBV...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644206/burn-patient-acuity-demographics-scar-contractures-and-rehabilitation-treatment-time-related-to-patient-outcomes-the-act-study
#7
Reg Richard, Alexis R Santos-Lozada
In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense funded a rehabilitation study through the American Burn Association titled "Burn patient acuity demographics, scar contractures, and rehabilitation treatment time related to patient outcomes," commonly known at the ACT study. The ACT was a multi-institutional, prospective, observational, and quasirandomized investigation of the acute hospital course of 307 patients. The ACT specifically emphasized the capture of factors that may impact the physical outcome of patients with burn injury including burn severity, daily rehabilitation interventions such as mobility and splinting, and detailed skin grafting episodes...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641914/interactive-home-telehealth-and-burns-a-pilot-study
#8
Sean Hickey, Jason Gomez, Benjamin Meller, Jeffery C Schneider, Meredith Cheney, Shamim Nejad, John Schulz, Jeremy Goverman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review our experience incorporating Interactive Home Telehealth (IHT) visits into follow-up burn care. METHODS: A retrospective review of all burn patients participating in IHT encounters over the course of 15 months was performed. Connections were established through secure video conferencing and call-routing software. Patients connected with a personal computer or tablet and providers connected with a desktop computer with a high-definition web camera...
June 19, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625881/effects-of-exposure-to-biomass-burning-on-pulmonary-inflammatory-markers-and-pulmonary-function-in-individuals-with-copd
#9
D Ramos, M Proença, M R Leite, A D Ferreira, I B Trevisan, G F S Brígida, G Y Tacao, E M C Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has many benefits for individuals with COPD. However, it is not clear whether PR could prevent the hazards of air pollution exposure. This study aimed to analyze the effects of biomass burning exposure on pulmonary inflammatory markers and pulmonary function in individuals with COPD, participants and non-participants of PR. METHODS: 35 subjects were divided into three groups: individuals with COPD who received PR (G1, n=15), those who did not (G2, n=10), and a control group composed of healthy individuals without COPD (CG, n=10)...
June 15, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609640/assessment-of-disability-related-to-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-by-use-of-the-patient-reported-outcome-measure-information-system-promis-and-objective-measures-of-physical-performance
#10
Andrew J Sheean, Matthew R Schmitz, Catherine L Ward, Aaron E Barrow, David J Tennent, Christopher J Roach, Travis C Burns, Jason M Wilken
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health (NIH)-sponsored Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System (PROMIS) has been described as a valuable tool for characterizing outcomes among patients with specific musculoskeletal conditions. Additionally, previously proposed objective measures of physical performance among patients with nonarthritic hip abnormalities are costly and not practically incorporated into routine clinical practice. PURPOSE: (1) To determine the ability of the PROMIS to differentiate between patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and asymptomatic controls, (2) to determine the effect of FAI on subjects' completion of timed physical performance measures, and (3) to determine whether associations exist between established patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures and subjects' completion of physical performance measures...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605257/the-brain-injury-rehabilitation-workbook-edited-by-rachel-winson-barbara-a-wilson-and-andrew-bateman
#11
Christine S Ghilain, Thomas G Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592935/surgery-on-burns-sequelae-in-developing-countries
#12
O El Ezzi, M Dolci, C Dufour, R Bossou, A de Buys Roessingh
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of surgery and follow-up of children operated on for burn sequelae. For many years, we have organized two missions per year to Benin and Togo, one for surgery and one for follow-up. We analyzed the files of children born in Africa and victims of burns from the years 2002 to 2011. Children were referred through a non-governmental organization (NGO) and assessed in Africa by local paediatricians before and after surgery. Treatment consisted in operating on burn sequelae such as contractures, hypertrophic scars and hard cords...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592929/le-ciment-br%C3%A3-le-toujours
#13
T Lebreton, M Fontaine, R Le Floch
Cement burn is a common cause of chemical burns in France. They usually need surgical treatment. This retrospective study was performed among 49 patients, aged 21-71 years, admitted to the St Joseph-St Luc Hospital in Lyon, France. Patients were mainly male, fairly young (mean 44 years) and had a professional activity, although burns usually occurred at home. Burns were deep, on the lower limbs, and were not extensive (3% TBS). All but one patient needed grafting, performed on d13. LOS was eight days. Seven patients had to be admitted to a rehabilitation centre afterwards...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592926/the-treatment-of-palmar-contact-burns-in-children-a-five-year-review
#14
I Grossova, R Zajicek, R Kubok, M C Smula
Pediatric palmar contact burns are becoming a common trauma, especially in young children. Treatment of this kind of burn is challenging as well as controversial, regarding the choice between split-thickness or full-thickness skin graft to close the defect. The aim of this review was to evaluate the treatment algorithm at our clinic. We conducted a retrospective study including all patients 0 - 5 years of age admitted to our department from 2008 to 2012 with isolated superficial or deep partial-thickness palmar burns...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576236/burn-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
REVIEW
Anthony G Charles, Jared Gallaher, Bruce A Cairns
This article examines the societal impact of thermal injury in low- and middle-income countries. The authors describe the unique challenges of these health care systems in providing care for burned patients, focusing on resuscitation, excision and grafting, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573147/the-progress-of-chinese-burn-medicine-from-the-third-military-medical-university-in-memory-of-its-pioneer-professor-li-ao
#16
REVIEW
Haisheng Li, Junyi Zhou, Yizhi Peng, Jiaping Zhang, Xi Peng, Qizhi Luo, Zhiqiang Yuan, Hong Yan, Daizhi Peng, Weifeng He, Fengjun Wang, Guangping Liang, Yuesheng Huang, Jun Wu, Gaoxing Luo
Professor Li Ao was one of the founders of Chinese burn medicine and one of the most renowned doctors and researchers of burns in China. He established one of the Chinese earliest special departments for burns at Third Military Medical University (TMMU) in 1958. To memorialize Professor Li Ao on his 100th birthday in 2017 and introduce our extensive experience, it is our honor to briefly review the development and achievement of the Chinese burn medicine from TMMU. The epidemiology and outcomes of admitted burn patients since 1958 were reviewed...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557401/-personal-response-to-disease-at-paresthesia-oral-mucosa
#17
A K Iordanishvili
A study related to the disease in 39 (7 men and 32 women) people aged 61-86 years, suffering from paresthesia oral mucous membranes (POMM). To determine the type of relationship to the patient's illness was used clinical test method which employs a clinical-psychological typology of relationship to the patient's illness. It was found that for patients with middle and old age (69,2 %), suffering from severe and moderate POMM severity of pathology characteristic intrapsychic focus of personal response to the disease, is caused due to the presence of a constant burning sensation in the mouth, often accompanied by the syndrome of «dry mouth» violation of social adaptation of patients...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542072/effect-of-exercise-training-on-the-frequency-of-contracture-release-surgeries-in-burned-children
#18
Jong O Lee, David N Herndon, Clark Andersen, Oscar E Suman, Ted T Huang
BACKGROUND: Intensive physical exercise (IPE) increases strength, lean body mass, aerobic capacity, and range of motion in children with extensive burns. However, whether IPE decreases the frequency of burn scar contracture-releasing procedures in children with extensive burns is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected surgical records of 184 children who had undergone axilla, elbow, and/or wrist contracture-releasing procedures were reviewed. All children were 7 years or older and had sustained burns of at least 40% of the total body surface area...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538026/children-with-burn-injury-have-impaired-cardiac-output-during-submaximal-exercise
#19
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Kenneth C Beck, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Burn trauma damages resting cardiac function; however, it is currently unknown if the cardiovascular response to exercise is likewise impaired. We tested the hypothesis that, in children, burn injury lowers cardiac output (Q) and stroke volume (SV) during submaximal exercise. METHODS: Five children with 49±4% total body surface area (BSA) burned (2 female, 11.7±1 y, 40.4±18 kg, 141.1±9 cm) and eight similar non-burned controls (5 female, 12.5±2 y, 58...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527504/telehealth-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Adam S Tenforde, Jaye E Hefner, Jodi E Kodish-Wachs, Mary A Iaccarino, Sabrina Paganoni
Telehealth refers to health care interactions that leverage telecommunication devices to provide medical care outside the traditional face-to-face, in-person medical encounter. Technology advances and research have expanded use of telehealth in health care delivery. Physical medicine and rehabilitation providers may use telehealth to deliver care to populations with neurologic and musculoskeletal conditions, commonly treated in both acute care and outpatient settings. Patients with impaired mobility and those living in locations with reduced access to care may particularly benefit...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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