Read by QxMD icon Read

Burn rehabilitation

Dallan Dargan, Anirban Mandal, Kayvan Shokrollahi
INTRODUCTION: Rapid estimation of acute hand burns is important for communication, standardisation of assessment, rehabilitation and research. Use of an individual's own thumbprint area as a fraction of their total hand surface area was evaluated to assess potential utility in hand burn evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten health professionals used an ink-covered dominant thumb pulp to cover the surfaces of their own non-dominant hand using the contralateral thumb...
March 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Jagnoor Jagnoor, Sheree Bekker, Shobha Chamania, Tom Potokar, Rebecca Ivers
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify priority policy issues and health system research questions associated with recovery outcomes for burns survivors in India. DESIGN: Qualitative inquiry; data were collected through semistructured in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. SETTING: Nine sites in urban and rural settings across India, through primary, secondary and tertiary health facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Healthcare providers, key informants, burns survivors and/or their carers...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Suzanne Perea Burns, Jaclyn Schwartz, Shannon Scott, Hannes Devos, Mark Kovic, Ickpyo Hong, Abiodun Akinwuntan
Adults with mild stroke face substantial challenges resuming valued roles in the community. The term "mild" provides false representation of the lived experience for many adults with mild stroke who may continue to experience persistent challenges and unmet needs. Rehabilitation practitioners can identify and consequently intervene to facilitate improved independence, participation, and quality of life by facilitating function and reducing the burden of lost abilities among adults with mild stroke...
March 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Denis Ehrl, Paul I Heidekrueger, Milomir Ninkovic, P Niclas Broer
OBJECTIVE: Burns represent a special form of severe trauma. Due to long hospitalization, rehabilitation, and extensive scar treatment, severe burn injuries rank among the most expensive traumatic injuries regarding associated health care costs. The presented single-burn-center experiences evaluated the effects of primary versus secondary burn intensive care unit (BICU) admissions on outcomes in severely burned patients. METHODS: Within 30 months, 186 patients were admitted to the BICU...
February 17, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Karel D Čapek, Derek M Culnan, Manubhai H Desai, David N Herndon
More than 50 years ago, Shriners Hospitals for Children expanded their philanthropy to include care for burned children. In so doing, the effects of their work weightily expanded from rehabilitation and quality of life outcomes to include survival proper. As the first facility dedicated to the care of burned children, originally designated the Shriners Burn Institute, the Galveston hospital remains the cornerstone of this endeavor. Shriners maintains charitable pediatric hospitals, provide care irrespective of the patient's or the family's ability to pay, and promote research...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammed, Janavi Kamath, K Kamalakanth Shenoy
Facial defects can result from a variety of reasons including trauma, burns, infections, congenital disorders, and neoplasms which require surgical correction or prosthetic rehabilitation or both. Prosthetic replacement using various materials is the treatment of choice when other surgical options are not possible. This report presents a case of acquired nasal defect secondary to a surgically operated adenoid cystic carcinoma using silicone as the material of choice.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Martha L Chapa, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Ileana L Gutierrez, Kevin Sanchez, Shauna Glover, Oscar E Suman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Females have a 50% increased risk of death from burn injury compared to males. However, whether exercise capacity and exercise induced training adaptations differ between burned boys and girls is unknown. This project tested the hypothesis that girls with burns have lower exercise capacity and different exercise induced training adaptations. METHODS: Twenty-five girls were matched to 26 boys (mean, 95%CI; years 13 [12,14], cm 151 [143,161], kg 54 [45,63]; each P>0...
February 8, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Laura T Bolton
Dear Readers, Itching (pruritus) of a wound, scar, or dermatologic disorder can negatively impact a patient's quality of life, resulting in injurious scratching1 or impeded rehabilitation.2 Like pain, itch can cause the su erer to lose sleep and appetite or even consider suicide.3,4 Clinical measures of pruritus have proved reliable and valid in individuals with burn wounds, dermatologic conditions, or urticaria5-7 or resulting scars,2 allowing studies to clarify its impact on human experience and compare the e ects of interventions to reduce itching...
January 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
R Martinez, A D Rogers, A Numanoglu, H Rode
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is increasingly applied in developed settings to facilitate transfer of information to and from burn surgeons across vast geographic areas. WhatsApp is a widely available and extremely user-friendly encrypted smartphone application that does not require the expensive physical and personnel infrastructure that characterizes many of these telemedicine systems. The aim of this study was to review the use of WhatsApp to facilitate paediatric burn injury consultations to a regional burn centre in a developing country, where burn care continues to be thwarted by administrative apathy, poor resource allocation and lack of attention to medical and nursing education at all levels...
January 27, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Soliane Scapin, Maria Elena Echevarría-Guanilo, Paulo Roberto Boeira Fuculo Junior, Natália Gonçalves, Patrícia Kuerten Rocha, Rebeca Coimbra
AIM: To identify studies that approach immersive virtual realities and its main effects in the treatment of burn patients in the context of the scientific world of literature. METHODS: A systematic review following the steps of Cochrane. The search was conducted in eight databases between May and August 2016. RESULTS: 34 studies were analyzed, including 23 randomized clinical trials. VR was applied using three-dimensional features and video games...
January 29, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Lindsey E Greviskes, Leslie Podlog, Maria Newton, Leland E Dibble, Ryan D Burns, Wanda Pillow, Morgan S Hall, Christopher Hammer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With Parkinson's disease (PD) prevalence rates steadily increasing and long-term adherence to regular physical activity and exercise often difficult to achieve, it is imperative to investigate factors promoting adherence to secondary prevention programs (SPP) that help limit the progression of motor and nonmotor signs and symptoms of the disease. Caring interactions between patients and their rehabilitation team may be particularly germane to individuals with PD, given the physical and psychosocial issues that often accompany this disease (eg, loss of physical function, depression, apathy, and cognitive impairments)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Noélle de Oliveira Freitas, Carlos García Forero, Marina Paes Caltran, Jordi Alonso, Rosana A Spadoti Dantas, Monica Sarto Piccolo, Jayme Adriano Farina, John W Lawrence, Lidia A Rossi
Currently, there is no questionnaire to assess perceived stigmatization among people with visible differences in Brazil. The Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire (PSQ), developed in the United States, is a valid instrument to assess the perception of stigmatizing behaviours among burn survivors. The objective of this cross-sectional and multicentre study was to assess the factor structure, reliability and validity of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the PSQ in burn patients. A Brazilian version of the 21-item PSQ was answered by 240 adult burn patients, undergoing rehabilitation in two burns units in Brazil...
2018: PloS One
Charles D Voigt, Guillermo Foncerrada, Raquel Peña, Ashley N Guillory, Clark R Andersen, Craig G Crandall, Steven E Wolf, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of community-based exercise programs (COMBEX) in the rehabilitation of adult burn patients as compared to standard of care (SOC). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial, with 2:1 randomization. SETTING: Assessments were performed in a hospital setting. The intervention was performed in a community setting. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with ≥ 30% total body surface area burns were randomized to participate in COMBEX (N = 31) or standard of care (SOC) (N = 14)...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
J Jagnoor, C Lukaszyk, S Fraser, S Chamania, L A Harvey, T Potokar, R Q Ivers
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the delivery and effectiveness of rehabilitation for burn survivors in low and middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS: We systematically searched the literature through 11 electronic databases and the reference lists of relevant studies. Studies were suitable for inclusion if they were primary research with a focus on burns rehabilitation in LMIC settings describing either service delivery or treatment effectiveness. No time, design or other limitations were applied, except English language...
December 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Pedro Vieira-Baptista, Gilbert Donders, Lynnette Margesson, Libby Edwards, Hope K Haefner, Faustino R Pérez-López
Vulvodynia, defined as vulvar pain or burning sensation for more than 3 months, without an identifiable cause, can occur at any age. In this paper, the authors address the classification, epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition, focusing on postmenopausal women. In postmenopausal women, vulvar pain and dyspareunia can often be attributed to low levels of estrogen resulting in vulvovaginal atrophy. While correction of vulvovaginal atrophy is an important part of the management of these patients, it will usually be insufficient to manage vulvodynia...
February 2018: Maturitas
N Malca, K Serror, M Mimoun, S Chatelain, J Kaplan, M Chaouat, O Marco, D Boccara
Our retrospective study of burn patients presents a three-step treatment of heterotopic ossification: excision surgery, early rehabilitation, and analgesia. We included patients admitted to the department for treatment of postburn heterotopic ossification between January 1, 1979, and September 30, 2015. The mean age at the time of the burn was 43.3 years. Men accounted for the majority of burn patients who developed an osteoma (70.8%). The mean total skin area burned was 38.4%. No osteoma justifying surgery was found for any patient with a total burned skin area less than 19%...
December 27, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Sunil Munakomi, Binod Bhattarai, Iype Cherian
Background: In developing nations like Nepal, spinal cord injury has multispectral consequences for both the patient and their family members. It has the tendency to cripple and handicap the patients, and burn out their caretakers, both physically and mentally. Furthermore, the centralization of health care with only a handful of dedicated rehabilitation centers throughout Nepal further places patients into disarray. This study was carried out as a pilot study to determine the modes of injury, age groups affected, clinical profiles and patterns of injury sustained, as well as the efficacy of managing a subset of patients, who have sustained cervical spine and cord injuries...
2017: F1000Research
Eli Kravez, Martin Villiger, Brett Bouma, Martin Yarmush, Zohar Yakhini, Alexander Golberg
Hypertrophic scars remain a major clinical problem in the rehabilitation of burn survivors and lead to physical, aesthetic, functional, psychological, and social stresses. Prediction of healing outcome and scar formation is critical for deciding on the best treatment plan. Both subjective and objective scales have been devised to assess scar severity. Whereas scales of the first type preclude cross-comparison between observers, those of the second type are based on imaging modalities that either lack the ability to image individual layers of the scar or only provide very limited fields of view...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Eric Rivas, Joshua S Carson, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Omar Nunez Lopez, Shauna Q Glover, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical capacity and body composition between children with burn injuries at approximately 4 years postburn and healthy, fit children. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective, case-control study, we analyzed the strength, aerobic capacity, and body composition of children with severe burn injuries (n = 40) at discharge, after completion of a 6- to 12-week rehabilitative exercise training program, and at 3-4 years postburn. Values were expressed as a relative percentage of those in age- and sex-matched children for comparison (n = 40 for discharge and postexercise; n = 40 for 3...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"