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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231142/a-rapid-colorimetric-method-reveals-fraudulent-substitutions-in-sea-urchin-roe-marketed-in-sardinia-italy
#1
Domenico Meloni, Antonio Spina, Gianluca Satta, Vittorio Chessa
In recent years, besides the consumption of fresh sea urchin specimens, the demand of minimally-processed roe has grown considerably. This product has made frequent consumption in restaurants possible and frauds are becoming widespread with the partial replacement of sea urchin roe with surrogates that are similar in colour. One of the main factors that determines the quality of the roe is its colour and small differences in colour scale cannot be easily discerned by the consumers. In this study we have applied a rapid colorimetric method for reveal the fraudulent partial substitution of semi-solid sea urchin roe with liquid egg yolk...
June 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219114/self-reported-youth-and-adult-exposure-to-alcohol-marketing-in-traditional-and-digital-media-results-of-a-pilot-survey
#2
David H Jernigan, Alisa Padon, Craig Ross, Dina Borzekowski
BACKGROUND: Alcohol marketing is known to be a significant risk factor for underage drinking. However, little is known about youth and adult exposure to alcohol advertising in digital and social media. This study piloted a comparative assessment of youth and adult recall of exposure to online marketing of alcohol. METHODS: From September to October 2013, a pilot survey of past 30-day exposure to alcohol advertising and promotional content in traditional and digital media was administered to a national sample of 1,192 youth (ages 13 to 20) and 1,124 adults (ages ≥21) using a prerecruited Internet panel maintained by GfK Custom Research...
February 20, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209558/readiness-for-delivering-digital-health-at-scale-lessons-from-a-longitudinal-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-national-digital-health-innovation-program-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
Marilyn R Lennon, Matt-Mouley Bouamrane, Alison M Devlin, Siobhan O'Connor, Catherine O'Donnell, Ula Chetty, Ruth Agbakoba, Annemieke Bikker, Eleanor Grieve, Tracy Finch, Nicholas Watson, Sally Wyke, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Digital health has the potential to support care delivery for chronic illness. Despite positive evidence from localized implementations, new technologies have proven slow to become accepted, integrated, and routinized at scale. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to examine barriers and facilitators to implementation of digital health at scale through the evaluation of a £37m national digital health program: ‟Delivering Assisted Living Lifestyles at Scale" (dallas) from 2012-2015...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207723/unhealthy-food-marketing-to-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-through-the-internet
#4
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Karuna Sagar, Bridget Kelly, Boyd Swinburn
AIM: To assess the extent and nature of unhealthy food marketing to New Zealand children and adolescents through the internet. METHODS: Internet traffic data for January 2014 was purchased from AC Nielsen to identify the most popular websites (n=110) among children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. In addition, websites (n=70) of food and beverage brands most frequently marketed to children through television, sports, magazines and Facebook were included. Marketing techniques and features on those websites were analysed...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197972/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-hepatitis-e-virus-in-retail-pork-products-marketed-in-canada
#5
Oksana Mykytczuk, Jennifer Harlow, Sabah Bidawid, Nathalie Corneau, Neda Nasheri
Infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV) is very common worldwide. HEV causes acute viral hepatitis with approximately 20 million cases per year. While HEV genotypes 1 and 2 cause large waterborne and foodborne outbreaks with a significant mortality in developing countries, genotypes 3 and 4 are more prevalent in developed countries with transmission being mostly zoonotic. In North America and Europe, HEV has been increasingly detected in swine, and exposure to pigs and pork products is considered to be the primary source of infection...
February 14, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160181/determinants-of-employment-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-netherlands
#6
Marlies N Wagener, Lennert van den Dries, Job Van Exel, Harald S Miedema, Eric C M van Gorp, Pepijn D D M Roelofs
Objectives Since HIV has become a manageable chronic disease, employment is of increasing importance for people living with HIV (PLWH). This study aimed to investigate the level of work participation among PLWH in the Netherlands, and the associated determinants of employment. Methods For this study the baseline measurements of a longitudinal cohort study with a 2-year follow-up, the TREVI project, were used. The TREVI project aims to study cognitive function disorders among PLWH in relation to their employment, productivity, and social functioning...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155206/ethical-perspectives-on-recommending-digital-technology-for-patients-with-mental-illness
#7
REVIEW
Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, Scott Monteith, Rita Bauer, Peter C Whybrow, John Geddes
The digital revolution in medicine not only offers exciting new directions for the treatment of mental illness, but also presents challenges to patient privacy and security. Changes in medicine are part of the complex digital economy based on creating value from analysis of behavioral data acquired by the tracking of daily digital activities. Without an understanding of the digital economy, recommending the use of technology to patients with mental illness can inadvertently lead to harm. Behavioral data are sold in the secondary data market, combined with other data from many sources, and used in algorithms that automatically classify people...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152016/exposure-to-digital-marketing-enhances-young-adults-interest-in-energy-drinks-an-exploratory-investigation
#8
Limin Buchanan, Bridget Kelly, Heather Yeatman
Young adults experience faster weight gain and consume more unhealthy food than any other age groups. The impact of online food marketing on "digital native" young adults is unclear. This study examined the effects of online marketing on young adults' consumption behaviours, using energy drinks as a case example. The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion was used as the theoretical basis. A pre-test post-test experimental research design was adopted using mixed-methods. Participants (aged 18-24) were randomly assigned to control or experimental groups (N = 30 each)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096933/the-association-of-male-pattern-baldness-and-risk-of-cancer-and-high-grade-disease-among-men-presenting-for-prostate-biopsy
#9
Ghazi Al Edwan, Bimal Bhindi, David Margel, Karen Chadwick, Antonio Finelli, Alexandre Zlotta, John Trachtenberg, Neil Fleshner
INTRODUCTION: Androgens have been implicated in both male pattern baldness (MPB) and prostate cancer (PCa). We set out to prospectively determine if men with independently assessed MPB are at higher risk for PCa at biopsy and determine if any grade associations exist. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 394 eligible patients presenting for prostate biopsy and independently determined their MPB pattern using the validated modified Norwood classification system (0: no balding; 1: frontal balding; 2: mild vertex balding; 3: moderate vertex balding; 4: sever vertex balding)...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091437/radiopacity-of-bulk-fill-flowable-resin-composite-materials
#10
T Yildirim, M K Ayar, M S Akdag, C Yesilyurt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiopacity of currently marketed bulk fill flowable dental composite materials (Beautifil Bulk Flowable, SDR Flow, Filtek Bulk Fill Flow, and x-tra Base Bulk Fill). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six specimens of each material with a thickness of 1 mm were prepared, and digital radiographs were taken, using a CCD sensor along with an aluminum stepwedge and 1 mm-thick tooth slice. The mean gray level of each aluminum stepwedge and selected materials was measured, using the equal-density area tool of Kodak Dental Imaging software...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088344/design-control-considerations-for-biologic-device-combination-products
#11
Dave Anderson, Roger Liu, J Anand Subramony, Jon Cammack
Combination products are therapeutic and diagnostic medical products that combine drugs, devices, and/or biological products with one another. Historically, biologics development involved identifying efficacious doses administered to patients intravenously or perhaps by a syringe. Until fairly recently, there has been limited focus on developing an accompanying medical device, such as a prefilled syringe or auto-injector, to enable easy and more efficient delivery. For the last several years, and looking forward, where there may be little to distinguish biologics medicines with relatively similar efficacy profiles, the biotechnology market is beginning to differentiate products by patient-focused, biologic-device based combination products...
January 11, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072486/radiopacity-of-composite-luting-cements-using-a-digital-technique
#12
Walter Dukic
PURPOSE: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the radiopacity of 20 common dental composite luting materials using a digital technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 1-mm-thick specimen of each material with a human tooth slice and aluminium step wedge were tested using digital radiographs under four combinations of exposure and voltage. The radiopacity in pixels was determined using computer software. The equivalent thickness of aluminium for each material was then calculated based on the calibration curve...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048034/tu-ab-209-03-identifying-useful-features-for-visual-search-model-observers
#13
H Gifford
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a limited-angle tomographic technique by its nature has multiple optimal system configurations, which can lead to many potential changes to the existing and new DBT systems entering the US market. With the availability of computational tools such as for modeling imaging physics, it is becoming increasingly important to conduct virtual trials for a rigorous, preclinical and task-based assessment of DBT. For such virtual assessment to be successful, it is critical to: (1) develop model-observer approaches that can account for patient data statistics stemming from realistic or real breast backgrounds as well as lesion characteristics, thereby performing given tasks effectively and (2) validate the model-observer approaches and their performance trends/levels with physical measurements from a prototype or real DBT system and a physical phantom ensemble...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047981/tu-ab-209-00-model-observer-design-and-its-validation-for-task-based-evaluation-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#14
Stephen Glick
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a limited-angle tomographic technique by its nature has multiple optimal system configurations, which can lead to many potential changes to the existing and new DBT systems entering the US market. With the availability of computational tools such as for modeling imaging physics, it is becoming increasingly important to conduct virtual trials for a rigorous, preclinical and task-based assessment of DBT. For such virtual assessment to be successful, it is critical to: (1) develop model-observer approaches that can account for patient data statistics stemming from realistic or real breast backgrounds as well as lesion characteristics, thereby performing given tasks effectively and (2) validate the model-observer approaches and their performance trends/levels with physical measurements from a prototype or real DBT system and a physical phantom ensemble...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047368/tu-ab-209-04-practical-examples-of-model-observer-applications-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#15
H Bosmans
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a limited-angle tomographic technique by its nature has multiple optimal system configurations, which can lead to many potential changes to the existing and new DBT systems entering the US market. With the availability of computational tools such as for modeling imaging physics, it is becoming increasingly important to conduct virtual trials for a rigorous, preclinical and task-based assessment of DBT. For such virtual assessment to be successful, it is critical to: (1) develop model-observer approaches that can account for patient data statistics stemming from realistic or real breast backgrounds as well as lesion characteristics, thereby performing given tasks effectively and (2) validate the model-observer approaches and their performance trends/levels with physical measurements from a prototype or real DBT system and a physical phantom ensemble...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047311/tu-ab-209-01-virtual-and-physical-breast-phantoms-that-mimic-patients
#16
J Lo
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a limited-angle tomographic technique by its nature has multiple optimal system configurations, which can lead to many potential changes to the existing and new DBT systems entering the US market. With the availability of computational tools such as for modeling imaging physics, it is becoming increasingly important to conduct virtual trials for a rigorous, preclinical and task-based assessment of DBT. For such virtual assessment to be successful, it is critical to: (1) develop model-observer approaches that can account for patient data statistics stemming from realistic or real breast backgrounds as well as lesion characteristics, thereby performing given tasks effectively and (2) validate the model-observer approaches and their performance trends/levels with physical measurements from a prototype or real DBT system and a physical phantom ensemble...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046640/tu-ab-209-02-designing-model-observers-for-signal-known-exactly-tasks-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis
#17
S Park
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a limited-angle tomographic technique by its nature has multiple optimal system configurations, which can lead to many potential changes to the existing and new DBT systems entering the US market. With the availability of computational tools such as for modeling imaging physics, it is becoming increasingly important to conduct virtual trials for a rigorous, preclinical and task-based assessment of DBT. For such virtual assessment to be successful, it is critical to: (1) develop model-observer approaches that can account for patient data statistics stemming from realistic or real breast backgrounds as well as lesion characteristics, thereby performing given tasks effectively and (2) validate the model-observer approaches and their performance trends/levels with physical measurements from a prototype or real DBT system and a physical phantom ensemble...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024822/evaluation-of-the-accuracy-of-7-digital-scanners-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-analysis-based-on-3-dimensional-comparisons
#18
Walter Renne, Mark Ludlow, John Fryml, Zach Schurch, Anthony Mennito, Ray Kessler, Abigail Lauer
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: As digital impressions become more common and more digital impression systems are released onto the market, it is essential to systematically and objectively evaluate their accuracy. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the trueness and precision of 6 intraoral scanners and 1 laboratory scanner in both sextant and complete-arch scenarios. Furthermore, time of scanning was evaluated and correlated with trueness and precision...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928442/creating-the-ideal-patient-experience
#19
Purcărea Th V
Healthcare industry continues to evolve under conditions of intense competition in approaching health prevention, protection, and promotion. Therefore, healthcare providers are challenged to always ensure better patient experience, winning patients' satisfaction, and loyalty and remain competitive on today's healthcare market. Healthcare markets bring together professionals and their patients into real collaborative relationships, which empower patients to contribute to the healthcare improvement. Within this competitive landscape, which is also characterized by digital health tools boosting patients' awareness and controlling their own health, medical providers need to be perceived as skilled and trustworthy in relying on patients' needs, expectations, and sacrifices are required in order to obtain the promised benefits...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913372/an-ehealth-project-on-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-comprehensive-evaluation-of-a-promotional-campaign
#20
Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Roberto Gasparini, Paolo Bonanni, Giancarlo Icardi, Daniela Amicizia, Lucia Arata, Stefano Carozzo, Alessio Signori, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini
BACKGROUND: The recently launched Pneumo Rischio eHealth project, which consists of an app, a website, and social networking activity, is aimed at increasing public awareness of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). The launch of this project was prompted by the inadequate awareness of IPD among both laypeople and health care workers, the heavy socioeconomic burden of IPD, and the far from optimal vaccination coverage in Italy, despite the availability of safe and effective vaccines. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of our study were to analyze trends in Pneumo Rischio usage before and after a promotional campaign, to characterize its end users, and to assess its user-rated quality...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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