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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944579/morphological-criteria-of-feminine-upper-eyelashes-quantified-by-a-new-semi-automatized-image-analysis-application-to-the-objective-assessment-of-mascaras
#1
A Shaiek, F Flament, G François, M Vicic, S Cointereau-Chardron, E Curval, S Canevet-Zaida, O Coubard, Y Idelcaid
BACKGROUND: The wide diversity of feminine eyelashes in shape, length, and curvature makes it a complex domain that remains to be quantified in vivo, together with their changes brought by application of mascaras that are visually assessed by women themselves or make-up experts. METHODS: A dedicated software was developed to semi-automatically extract and quantify, from digital images (frontal and lateral pictures), the major parameters of feminine eyelashes of Mexican and Caucasian women and to record the changes brought by the applications of various mascaras and their brushes, being self or professionally applied...
September 24, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895231/software-related-recalls-of-health-information-technology-and-other-medical-devices-implications-for-fda-regulation-of-digital-health
#2
Jay G Ronquillo, Diana M Zuckerman
Policy Points: Medical software has become an increasingly critical component of health care, yet the regulation of these devices is inconsistent and controversial. No studies of medical devices and software assess the impact on patient safety of the FDA's current regulatory safeguards and new legislative changes to those standards. Our analysis quantifies the impact of software problems in regulated medical devices and indicates that current regulations are necessary but not sufficient for ensuring patient safety by identifying and eliminating dangerous defects in software currently on the market...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830112/infectious-disease-surveillance-in-the-big-data-era-towards-faster-and-locally-relevant-systems
#3
REVIEW
Lone Simonsen, Julia R Gog, Don Olson, Cécile Viboud
While big data have proven immensely useful in fields such as marketing and earth sciences, public health is still relying on more traditional surveillance systems and awaiting the fruits of a big data revolution. A new generation of big data surveillance systems is needed to achieve rapid, flexible, and local tracking of infectious diseases, especially for emerging pathogens. In this opinion piece, we reflect on the long and distinguished history of disease surveillance and discuss recent developments related to use of big data...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819142/development-and-inter-laboratory-assessment-of-droplet-digital-pcr-assays-for-multiplex-quantification-of-15-genetically-modified-soybean-lines
#4
Alexandra Bogožalec Košir, Bjørn Spilsberg, Arne Holst-Jensen, Jana Žel, David Dobnik
Quantification of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food and feed products is often required for their labelling or for tolerance thresholds. Standard-curve-based simplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) is the prevailing technology, which is often combined with screening analysis. With the rapidly growing number of GMOs on the world market, qPCR analysis becomes laborious and expensive. Innovative cost-effective approaches are therefore urgently needed. Here, we report the development and inter-laboratory assessment of multiplex assays to quantify GMO soybean using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR)...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812471/effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-parenteral-testosterone-undecanoate-a-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#5
Jan Wolf, Dieter Keipert, Heiko Motazedi, Michael Ernst, Joanne Nettleship, Louis Gooren
This observational post-marketing study of parenteral testosterone undecanoate (TU) in a non-selected population aimed to: examine the effectiveness of TU as treatment of hypogonadism; record adverse drug reactions (ADR) quantitatively particularly regarding polycythemia, prostate safety and cardiovascular-related metabolic risk factors; and verify whether recommended injection intervals apply to routine clinical practice. Eight hundred and seventy subjects from 259 outpatient units scheduled to visit the clinic six times were included...
August 16, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773208/preparation-and-characterization-of-soybean-oil-based-polyurethanes-for-digital-doming-applications
#6
Vincenzo Pantone, Amelita Grazia Laurenza, Cosimo Annese, Roberto Comparelli, Francesco Fracassi, Paola Fini, Angelo Nacci, Antonella Russo, Caterina Fusco, Lucia D'Accolti
Polyurethane-resin doming is currently one of the fastest growing markets in the field of industrial graphics and product identification. Semi-rigid bio-based polyurethanes were prepared deriving from soybean oil as a valuable alternative to fossil materials for digital doming and applied to digital mosaic technology. Bio-resins produced can favorably compete with the analogous fossil polymers, giving high-quality surface coatings (ascertained by SEM analyses). In addition, polyurethane synthesis was accomplished by using a mercury- and tin-free catalyst (the commercially available zinc derivative K22) bringing significant benefits in terms of cost efficiency and eco-sustainability...
July 25, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756767/beyond-pilotitis-taking-digital-health-interventions-to-the-national-level-in-china-and-uganda
#7
REVIEW
Fei Huang, Sean Blaschke, Henry Lucas
BACKGROUND: Innovation theory has focused on the adoption of new products or services by individuals and their market-driven diffusion to the population at large. However, major health sector innovations typically emerge from negotiations between diverse stakeholders who compete to impose or at least prioritise their preferred version of that innovation. Thus, while many digital health interventions have succeeded in terms of adoption by a substantial number of providers and patients, they have generally failed to gain the level of acceptance required for their integration into national health systems that would promote sustainability and population-wide application...
July 31, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752090/dr-buzby-s-toegrips-%C3%A2-application-results-in-minimal-changes-in-kinetic-gait-parameters-in-normal-dogs
#8
James K Roush, Leslie E Moore, Walter C Renberg
Poor traction on slick surfaces is difficult for dogs with neurologic deficits, osteoarthritis, or recovering from injury or surgery. Many dogs respond inappropriately to slick surfaces by decreasing digital pad-floor contact and extending their toenails. A device marketed to increase paw-floor friction in dogs was evaluated. Fifteen normal dogs underwent kinetic gait analysis before and after application of Dr. Buzby's ToeGrips(®). Ground reaction forces, including vertical peak force (VPF) and impulse for each limb, were measured and compared between pre- and post-application values...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746955/-strength-and-weaknesses-of-the-german-digital-health-economy
#9
Florian Leppert, Jan Gerlach, Dennis A Ostwald, Wolfgang Greiner
There are high expectations from digitalization of health care, ehealth and telemedicine. Nevertheless, the diffusion of these services falls short of expectations. This study analyses the strength and weaknesses of the German digital health economy. Thereby, we specially focus on small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). The study is based on a literature review, interviews of experts and a workshop. The digital health economy is influenced by a heterogeneous environment with both promotive and obstructive factors...
July 26, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695792/prediction-of-foal-carcass-composition-and-wholesale-cut-yields-by-using-video-image-analysis
#10
J M Lorenzo, C M Guedes, R Agregán, M V Sarriés, D Franco, S R Silva
This work represents the first contribution for the application of the video image analysis (VIA) technology in predicting lean meat and fat composition in the equine species. Images of left sides of the carcass (n=42) were captured from the dorsal, lateral and medial views using a high-resolution digital camera. A total of 41 measurements (angles, lengths, widths and areas) were obtained by VIA. The variation of percentage of lean meat obtained from the forequarter (FQ) and hindquarter (HQ) carcass ranged between 5...
July 11, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691115/toward-a-digital-thread-and-data-package-for-metals-additive-manufacturing
#11
D B Kim, P Witherell, Y Lu, S Feng
Additive manufacturing (AM) has been envisioned by many as a driving factor of the next industrial revolution. Potential benefits of AM adoption include the production of low-volume, customized, complicated parts/products, supply chain efficiencies, shortened time-to-market, and environmental sustainability. Work remains, however, for AM to reach the status of a full production-ready technology. Whereas the ability to create unique 3D geometries has been generally proven, production challenges remain, including lack of (1) data manageability through information management systems, (2) traceability to promote product producibility, process repeatability, and part-to-part reproducibility, and (3) accountability through mature certification and qualification methodologies...
2017: Smart Sustain Manuf Syst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683879/-the-contribution-of-digital-technology-to-mental-healthcare-much-hope-a-few-concerns
#12
Philip Gorwood
There is a plethora of applications designed to improve mental healthcare available on the digital market. All the caregivers involved in the field of psychiatric disorders must keep abreast of these advances in order to develop them to benefit patients as early as possible. However, their real efficacy remains unproven and their potential limits are obvious, such as the issue of accessibility for the frailest patients, data protection as well as the quality of the messages conveyed.
July 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679391/the-moderating-role-of-food-cue-sensitivity-in-the-behavioral-response-of-children-to-their-neighborhood-food-environment-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Catherine Paquet, Luc de Montigny, Alice Labban, David Buckeridge, Yu Ma, Narendra Arora, Laurette Dubé
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood food cues have been inconsistently related to residents' health, possibly due to variations in residents' sensitivity to such cues. This study sought to investigate the degree to which children's predisposition to eat upon exposure to food environment and food cues (external eating), could explain differences in strength of associations between their food consumption and the type of food outlets and marketing strategies present in their neighborhood. METHODS: Data were obtained from 616 6-12 y...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624673/a-geographical-analysis-of-trafficking-on-a-popular-darknet-market
#14
Julian Broséus, Damien Rhumorbarbe, Marie Morelato, Ludovic Staehli, Quentin Rossy
Cryptomarkets are online marketplaces, located on the darknet, that facilitate the trading of a variety of illegal goods, mostly drugs. While the literature essentially focus on drugs, various other goods and products related to financial or identity fraud, firearms, counterfeit goods, as well as doping products are also offered on these marketplaces. Through the analysis of relevant data collected on a popular marketplace in 2014-2015, Evolution, this research provides an analysis of the structure of trafficking (types and proportions of products, number of vendors and shipping countries)...
June 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619090/truffle-renaissance-in-poland-history-present-and-prospects
#15
REVIEW
Aleksandra Rosa-Gruszecka, Dorota Hilszczańska, Wojciech Gil, Bogusław Kosel
The use of truffles in Poland has a long tradition, yet due to some historical aspects, this knowledge was lost. Currently, truffles and truffle orchards are again receiving attention, and thanks to, e.g., historical data, they have solid foundations to be established. Publications relating to truffles between 1661 and 2017 were searched for in international and national databases, such as the database of PhD theses, Google Scholar, and catalogues of the National Library of Poland, the Jagiellonian Digital Library, the University Library of J...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614447/package-design-and-nutritional-profile-of-foods-targeted-at-children-in-supermarkets-in-montevideo-uruguay
#16
Ana Giménez, Luis de Saldamando, María Rosa Curutchet, Gastón Ares
Marketing of unhealthy products has been identified as one of the main characteristics of the food environment that negatively affects children's eating patterns. Restrictions on advertising of unhealthy foods to children have already been imposed in different countries. However, marketing strategies are not limited to broadcast and digital advertising, but also include package design. In this context, the current study aimed to describe the food products targeted at children and sold in supermarkets in Montevideo, Uruguay, in terms of package design and nutrient profile...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612292/building-partnerships-a-pilot-study-of-stakeholders-attitudes-on-technology-disruption-in-behavioral-health-delivery-and-research
#17
Madalina Sucala, Wendy Nilsen, Frederick Muench
Collaborations between scientists, care providers, and technology industry professionals are becoming more relevant for developing, testing, and implementing behavioral health technologies. As the need for such partnerships increases, it is important to understand stakeholders' attitudes about their role in partnering for developing such technologies and how much do they expect technology to impact behavioral research and care. The aim of this study was to investigate how much technology disruption do stakeholders expect in healthcare, as well as their perceived contribution in partnering for developing behavioral health technologies...
June 13, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602137/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-phototherapy-on-pain-muscle-activity-and-joint-mobility-in-women-with-temporomandibular-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Carolina Marciela Herpich, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Cid Andre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Igor Phillip Dos Santos Gloria, Ana Paula Amaral, Maitê de Freitas de Rocha Souza Amaral, Fabiano Politti, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immediate and short-term effects of phototherapy on pain intensity, the pressure pain threshold (PPT), maximum vertical mandibular movement, and the electrical activity of the masseter and temporal muscles in women with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). METHODS: Sixty women were randomly allocated to four different groups and submitted to phototherapy with a combination of super-pulsed laser (905 nm), red (640 nm), and infrared (875 nm) light emitting diodes in the same equipment on the masseter (three points) and temporal (two points) muscles bilaterally in a single session...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590425/a-capacitance-to-digital-converter-for-mems-sensors-for-smart-applications
#19
Javier Pérez Sanjurjo, Enrique Prefasi, Cesare Buffa, Richard Gaggl
The use of MEMS sensors has been increasing in recent years. To cover all the applications, many different readout circuits are needed. To reduce the cost and time to market, a generic capacitance-to-digital converter (CDC) seems to be the logical next step. This work presents a configurable CDC designed for capacitive MEMS sensors. The sensor is built with a bridge of MEMS, where some of them function with pressure. Then, the capacitive to digital conversion is realized using two steps. First, a switched-capacitor (SC) preamplifier is used to make the capacitive to voltage (C-V) conversion...
June 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584684/current-state-of-the-regulatory-trajectory-for-whole-slide-imaging-devices-in-the-usa
#20
REVIEW
Esther Abels, Liron Pantanowitz
The regulatory field for digital pathology (DP) has advanced significantly. A major milestone was accomplished when the FDA allowed the first vendor to market their device for primary diagnostic use in the USA and published in the classification order that this device, and substantially equivalent devices of this generic type, should be classified into class II instead of class III as previously proposed. The Digital Pathology Association (DPA) regulatory task force had a major role in the accomplishment of getting the application request for Whole Slide Imaging (WSI) Systems recommended for a de novo...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
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