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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749550/combined-resistance-and-endurance-training-at-a-moderate-high-intensity-improves-physical-condition-and-quality-of-life-in-liver-transplant-patients
#1
Diego Moya-Nájera, Ángel Moya-Herraiz, Luis Compte-Torrero, David Hervás, Sebastien Borreani, Joaquin Calatayud, Marina Berenguer, Juan C Colado
BACKGROUND: Although currently, moderate and high intensity concurrent physical exercise is prescribed in populations with special needs due to its greater effect on physical condition and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), there are no data in the liver transplantation (LT) setting. AIM: To evaluate changes in maximal strength, aerobic capacity, body composition, liver function, and HRQOL in LT patients after a moderate to high intensity combined resistance-endurance training...
July 27, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747984/annual-tendency-of-research-papers-used-icr-mice-as-experimental-animals-in-biomedical-research-fields
#2
Ji Eun Kim, Jung Hoon Nam, Joon Young Cho, Kil Soo Kim, Dae Youn Hwang
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice have been widely used in various research fields including toxicology, oncology, pharmacology, and pharmaceutical product safety testing for decades. However, annual tendency of research papers involving ICR mice in various biomedical fields has not been previously analyzed. In this study, we examined the numbers of papers that used ICR mice as experimental animals in the social science, natural science, engineering, medicine-pharmacy, marine agriculture-fishery, and art-kinesiology fields by analyzing big data...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747896/time-dependent-effects-of-acute-exercise-on-university-students-cognitive-performance-in-temperate-and-cold-environments
#3
Ling-Yu Ji, Xiao-Ling Li, Yang Liu, Xiu-Wen Sun, Hui-Fen Wang, Long Chen, Liang Gao
Background: Few studies have examined the acute exercise-induced changes in cognitive performance in different thermal environments and the time course effects. Objective: Investigate the time-dependent effects of acute exercise on university students' processing speed, working memory and cognitive flexibility in temperate and cold environments. Method: Twenty male university students (age 23.5 ± 2.0 years) with moderate physical activity level participated in a repeated-measures within-subjects design. Processing speed, working memory and cognitive flexibility were assessed using CogState test battery at baseline (BASE), followed by a 45-min rest (REST), immediately after (EX) and 30 min after (POST-EX) 30-min moderate-intensity treadmill running in both temperate (TEMP; 25°C) and cold (COLD; 10°C) environments...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747142/development-of-the-first-who-lentiviral-vector-standard-towards-the-production-control-and-standardisation-of-lentivirus-based-gene-therapy-products
#4
Yuan Zhao, Hannah Stepto, Christian K Schneider
Gene therapy is a rapidly evolving field; so far, there have been more than 2400 gene therapy products in clinical trials and four products on the market (http://www.abedia.com/wiley/vectors.php). A prerequisite for producing gene therapy products is ensuring their quality and safety. This requires appropriately controlled and standardized production and testing procedures that result in consistent safety and efficacy. Assuring the quality and safety of lentivirus based gene therapy products in particular presents a great challenge because they are cell-based multi-gene products which include viral and therapeutic proteins as well as modified cells...
July 26, 2017: Human Gene Therapy Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747022/patient-reported-outcomes-are-associated-with-physical-activity-level-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#5
Annika Bay, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Camilla Sandberg, Gunnar Engström, Philip Moons, Bengt Johansson
BACKGROUND: In general, adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have impaired exercise capacity, and approximately 50% do not reach current recommendations on physical activity. Herein we analysed factors associated with physical activity level (PAL) in adults with CHD by using patient-reported outcomes (PRO). METHODS: Patients with CHD (n=471) were randomly selected from the national register on CHD and categorized according to complexity of lesions - simple (n=172, 39...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746821/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing
#6
Dean E Schraufnagel, Piergiuseppe Agostoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746470/relationship-between-ventilation-heterogeneity-and-exercise-intolerance-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#7
A J Lopes, C L Marinho, U D Alves, C E A Gonçalves, P O Silva, E C Botelho, R Bedirian, A R Soares, M C P Maioli
Sickle cell anemia (SCA) causes dysfunction of multiple organs, with pulmonary involvement as a major cause of mortality. Recently, there has been growing interest in the nitrogen single-breath washout (N2SBW) test, which is able to detect ventilation heterogeneity and small airway disease when the results of other pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are still normal. Thus, the objectives of the present study were to assess the heterogeneity in the ventilation distribution in adults with SCA and to determine the association between the ventilation distribution and the clinical, cardiovascular, and radiological findings...
July 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746245/the-physical-and-physiological-demands-of-elite-international-female-field-hockey-players-during-competitive-match-play
#8
Aideen McGuinness, Shane Malone, George Petrakos, Kieran Collins
The aim of the current investigation was to quantify the physical and physiological demands of elite international female field hockey match-play across halves of play. Thirty-eight participants (24 ± 5 years; 173 ± 5 cm; 72 ± 5 kg) took part in nineteen competitive matches during the 2014 - 2015 season. Participants were monitored with GPS technology and heart rate monitors. Players were categorized based on three different playing positions. Activity was categorized into total (m), high-speed running distance (m; >16 km·h) and relative distance (m·min) due to the use of rolling substitutions...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746019/evaluation-of-a-just-in-time-nurse-consultation-on-bone-health-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Douglas W Roblin, David Zelman, Sally Plummer, Brandi E Robinson, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Fredric D Wolinsky, Kenneth G Saag, Peter Cram
CONTEXT: Evidence is inconclusive whether a nurse consultation can improve osteoporosis-related patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a nurse consultation immediately after dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) produced better osteoporosis-related outcomes than a simple intervention to activate adults in good bone health practices or usual care. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled trial, conducted within the larger Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) trial (NCT01507662)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745475/bodypump-versus-traditional-heavy-load-resistance-training-on-changes-in-resting-metabolic-rate-in-overweight-untrained-women
#10
Anne M Rustaden, Christina Gjestvang, Kari Bø, Lene A Hagen Haakstad, Gøran Paulsen
BACKGROUND: Moderate to heavy load resistance training (RT) is advocated for overweight and obese individuals. One of the beneficial effects of RT is increased resting metabolic rate (RMR), which typically makes up the majority of the total daily energy expenditure. It is, however, unclear if low to moderate load RT affects RMR. Hence, the present study aimed to examine the effects of twelve weeks of BodyPump, on RMR in previous untrained women with BMI ≥25.0, and to compare the results with individual heavy load RT...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745473/does-the-aerobic-threshold-correlate-with-the-maximal-fat-oxidation-rate-in-short-stage-treadmill-tests
#11
Ratko Peric, Marco Meucci, Pitre C Bourdon, Zoran Nikolovski
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the exercise intensity that elicited the highest rate of fat utilization (FATmax) and to assess its relationship with the aerobic threshold (AeT) in male athletes. We hypothesized existence of high correlation of these two parameters when a short-staged graded treadmill test with AeT identified through breath-by-breath gas exchange analysis was used. METHODS: Fifty-six trained male athletes (age 25.6 ± 3.4 y, height 197...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745472/effect-of-eight-weeks-of-upper-body-plyometric-training-during-the-competitive-season-on-professional-female-volleyball-players
#12
David Valades, José M Palao, Pedro Femia, Aurelio Ureña
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of incorporating specific upper-body plyometric training for the spike into the competitive season of a women's professional volleyball team. METHODS: A professional team from the Spanish first division participated in the study. An A-B-A' quasi-experimental design with experimental and control groups was used. The independent variable was the upper-body plyometric training for eight weeks during the competitive season...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745470/effects-of-taurine-on-markers-of-muscle-damage-inflammatory-response-and-physical-performance-in-triathletes
#13
Bryan S Martinez Galan, Flavia Giolo de Carvalho, Priscila Carvalho Santos, Ronaldo Bucken Gobbi, Carlos Kalva-Filho, Marcelo Papoti, Adelino Sanchez Silva, Ellen C Freitas
BACKGROUND: The practice of prolonged exercise with high intensity, as seen in triathlon training, can cause physiological imbalances that might result in muscle fatigue, muscle damage and changes in systemic inflammatory response, thus reduce the athletes physical performance, therefore, both adequate total caloric and macronutrient intake also the use of a specific ergogenic aid, as taurine supplementation would be an alternative to prevent inflammation and muscle damage. In order to verify the effects of 8 weeks of taurine and chocolate milk supplementation, markers of muscle damage, inflammation, and aerobic capacity were quantified in triathletes...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745141/comparison-of-the-long-term-reproducibility-of-the-walk-test-and-of-exercise-peak-oxygen-consumption-in-patients-with-preserved-exercise-capacity
#14
Zainab Raissuni, Gerald Roul
Short-term and long-term reproducibility of the cardiopulmonary (CPX) exercise test have been established. Though short and mid-term reproducibility of the walk test has been ascertained, this was not extensively done for the long-term reproducibility. The aim of the study was to examine the long-term reproducibility of distance walked in an allotted time and to check the stability of the relationship between walked distance and exercise peak VO2 (pVO2). METHODS: Forty six subjects (33 men; 57 ± 14 years), referred for functional capacity assessment, were studied twice by CPX and walking test...
July 26, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744967/compression-therapy%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cross-sectional-observational-survey-about-knowledge-and-practical-treatment-of-specialised-and-non-specialised-nurses-and-therapists
#15
Kristina Heyer, Kerstin Protz, Matthias Augustin
Knowledge about methods and materials and their correct usage is the basis for compression therapy. This study compares knowledge and practical skills of participants with further training with those who had no training. This comparison provides information on whether further qualifications have an impact on knowledge and practical skills. In seminars for compression therapy, data on specific and non-specific expertise were acquired. A practical test determined the participants' skills for creating a compression bandage in a pressure value range of 50-60 mmHg...
July 25, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744629/effect-of-progressive-heart-failure-on-cerebral-hemodynamics-and-monoamine-metabolism-in-cns
#16
M L Mamalyga, L M Mamalyga
Compensated and decompensated heart failure are characterized by different associations of disorders in the brain and heart. In compensated heart failure, the blood flow in the common carotid and basilar arteries does not change. Exacerbation of heart failure leads to severe decompensation and is accompanied by a decrease in blood flow in the carotid and basilar arteries. Changes in monoamine content occurring in the brain at different stages of heart failure are determined by various factors. The functional exercise test showed unequal monoamine-synthesizing capacities of the brain in compensated and decompensated heart failure...
July 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744048/effects-of-kinesio-taping-to-the-quadriceps-femoris-muscles-on-functions-of-elderly-women
#17
Eun Ja Kim, Kyoung Bo Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of kinesio taping to the quadriceps femoris on functions of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 22 elderly women with osteoarthritis, who were divided into two groups of a general exercise group 12 elderly and a kinesiology taping group 12 elderly. Two groups underwent a 30-min exercise for strengthening the lower limb muscles three times per week for four weeks. After the exercise, the kinesiology taping group was treated by the kinesio taping...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744032/effect-of-a-4-week-balance-exercise-with-medio-lateral-unstable-sole-on-ankle-joint-functional-ability
#18
Su-Bin Nam, Bo-Ram Choi
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of 4-week of balance exercise with medio-lateral unstable sole on ankle muscle activation and functional ability. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty university students without current or past ankle injuries were assigned to either an experimental group or control group. The experimental group participated in a balance exercise program 3 times a week over 4 weeks, which consisted of one-leg stands and semi-squat exercises with medio-lateral unstable sole. The control group continued with their regular life activities without participation in the program...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743821/the-effect-of-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-on-the-spatial-heterogeneity-of-quadriceps-deoxygenation-during-heavy-intensity-cycling
#19
Brynmor C Breese, David C Poole, Dai Okushima, Stephen J Bailey, Andrew M Jones, Narihiko Kondo, Tatsuro Amano, Shunsaku Koga
This study investigated the influence of dietary inorganic nitrate (NO3(-)) supplementation on pulmonary O2 uptake (V˙O2) and muscle deoxyhemoglobin/myoglobin (i.e. deoxy [Hb + Mb]) kinetics during submaximal cycling exercise. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study, eight healthy and physically active male subjects completed two step cycle tests at a work rate equivalent to 50% of the difference between the gas exchange threshold and peak V˙O2 over separate 4-day supplementation periods with NO3(-)-rich (BR; providing 8...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743682/estimating-heart-rate-energy-expenditure-and-physical-performance-with-a-wrist-photoplethysmographic-device-during-running
#20
Jakub Parak, Maria Uuskoski, Jan Machek, Ilkka Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors enable long-term monitoring of health and wellbeing indicators. An objective evaluation of sensors' accuracy is important, especially for their use in health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use a wrist-worn optical heart rate (OHR) device to estimate heart rate (HR), energy expenditure (EE), and maximal oxygen intake capacity (VO2Max) during running and to evaluate the accuracy of the estimated parameters (HR, EE, and VO2Max) against golden reference methods...
July 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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