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Neurologic lupus SLE

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657872/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-for-refractory-sle-a-comparison-of-outcomes-between-different-sub-phenotypes
#1
Aynur Soyuöz, Ömer Karadağ, Tülay Karaağaç, Levent Kılıç, Şule Apraş Bilgen, Osman İlhami Özcebe
Objective: Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) offers an alternative therapeutic modality for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). However, there is conflicting evidence regarding its efficacy in different sub-phenotypes. This study aimed to investigate the main clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with different phenotypes of SLE and APS treated with TPE at a tertiary care center. Methods: The database of the Blood and Apheresis Unit between 2001 and 2013 was screened for patients with SLE and primary APS...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623013/human-leukocyte-antigens-drb1-03-is-associated-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-anti-ssb-production-in-south-tunisia
#2
Hend Hachicha, Arwa Kammoun, Nadia Mahfoudh, Sameh Marzouk, Sawsan Feki, Raouia Fakhfakh, Hajer Fourati, Samy Haddouk, Faten Frikha, Lilia Gaddour, Feiza Hakim, Zouheir Bahloul, Hafedh Makni, Hatem Masmoudi
Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with various presentations. This variation is due to the interaction of hormonal, environmental, and genetic factors. Associations between human leukocyte antigens and SLE have long been recognized in different ethnic populations and have been suggested to represent the most important association. Objectives: The objectives of this paper were to determine susceptibility and protection human leukocyte antigens (HLA) Class II markers for SLE and to highlight, for the first time, associations between HLA alleles and clinical and serological features in South Tunisia...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595356/chorea-revealing-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-13-year-old-boy-a-case-report-and-short-review-of-the-literature
#3
E Athanasopoulos, I Kalaitzidou, G Vlachaki, S Stefanaki, A Tzagkaraki, G Niotakis, I Tritou, F Ladomenou
Among the neurological manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), chorea is rare, presenting in less than 7% of the pediatric SLE patients. It can appear early in the onset of SLE, be the first or even the sole clinical feature of the illness and has strongly been associated with the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies. We report on the case of a 13-year old boy, admitted with acute onset chorea and finally diagnosed with SLE. Subsequently, we present a short review of the literature on the epidemiology, suggested pathogenesis, clinical presentation and treatment of this rare presentation of SLE...
March 29, 2018: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576246/autoantibodies-targeting-tlr-and-smad-pathways-define-new-subgroups-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
Myles J Lewis, Michael B McAndrew, Colin Wheeler, Nicholas Workman, Pooja Agashe, Jens Koopmann, Ezam Uddin, David L Morris, Lu Zou, Richard Stark, John Anson, Andrew P Cope, Timothy J Vyse
OBJECTIVES: The molecular targets of the vast majority of autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are unknown. We set out to identify novel autoantibodies in SLE to improve diagnosis and identify subgroups of SLE individuals. METHODS: A baculovirus-insect cell expression system was used to create an advanced protein microarray with 1543 full-length human proteins expressed with a biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) folding tag, to enrich for correctly folded proteins...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528784/wilson-disease-and-lupus-nephritis-is-it-coincidence-or-a-true-association
#5
Saishree Pradhan, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Barath Jagadisan, Nachiappa G Rajesh, Subashini Kaliaperumal, Suryaprakash Ramasamy, Nandeeswari Subramanian
A 12-year-old girl born to third-degree consanguineous parents presented with recurrent episodes of haematuria for 8 months in association with peri-orbital and lower limb oedema for 20 days. There was no jaundice, hepatomegaly or neurological abnormality at presentation. An older brother had died following jaundice at 10 years of age. Urinalysis showed multiple dysmorphic erythrocytes without proteinuria and there was leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and hypo-albuminaemia (23 g/L). C3 component of complementaemia was low and anti-nuclear antibodies and anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies were strongly positive by immunofluorescence...
March 12, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521043/clinical-and-immunological-characteristics-of-polish-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Martyna Tomczyk-Socha, Hanna Sikorska-Szaflik, Marek Frankowski, Karolina Andrzejewska, Agnieszka Odziomek, Magdalena Szmyrka
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with varied clinical manifestations, which creates difficulties and delays in establishing a diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and nature of the clinical symptoms of SLE, both at the onset of the disease and in its further course. An attempt to assess the immunological characteristics of the patients and to analyze autoantibodies variability over time was also made...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423350/primary-psychiatric-disorder-masking-the-diagnosis-of-neuropsychiatric-lupus-in-a-patient-with-altered-mental-status-a-case-report
#7
Osman Perez, Kairavee Dave, Aimee Almanzar, Tajul Prodhan, Livasky Concepion
Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) has a wide variety of neurologic and psychiatric features. NPSLE symptoms and the psychotic features of primary psychiatric disorders often overlap with each other. These psychotic features often mask and delay the diagnosis of NPSLE. We present the case of a 59-year-old female previously diagnosed with bipolar disorder and generalized anxiety disorder presenting with altered mental status (AMS), subsequently diagnosed with neuropsychiatric lupus. Initially, medication overdose was suspected as an empty bottle of trazodone was found beside her...
October 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382812/evaluation-and-management-of-spinal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-lupus-vasculitis
#8
Ryan M Glynn, Madeline R Garza, Franco M Campanella
BACKGROUND Isolated spinal artery subarachnoid hemorrhage is a rare occurrence in the general population, but occurs more commonly as one of many neurologic sequela of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The etiology of a neurologic deficit in an SLE patient is often multifactorial. Comorbid conditions, such as antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, predispose to stroke. Other diagnoses, including transverse myelitis, may also be attributed to local inflammation. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old woman with SLE and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome experienced severe back pain followed by sudden paralysis and sensory loss below the T2 level...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301476/the-cutaneous-manifestations-are-significantly-related-to-cerebrovascular-in-a-serbian-cohort-of-patients-with-hughes-syndrome
#9
L Stojanovich, A Djokovic, N Stanisavljevic, M Zdravkovic
Objectives To investigate a possible relationship between cerebrovascular, such as stroke and transient ischaemic attack, and various cutaneous manifestations (livedo reticularis, skin ulcerations, pseudovasculitis lesions, superficial cutaneous necrosis and digital gangrene) in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This report is based on a Serbian cohort of APS patients. Methods A total of 508 antiphospholipid syndrome APS patients were assessed: 360 with primary (PAPS) and 148 with APS associated with SLE (SAPS)...
April 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294596/clinical-features-and-prognoses-of-acute-transverse-myelitis-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#10
Soo Min Ahn, Seokchan Hong, Doo-Ho Lim, Byeongzu Ghang, Yong-Gil Kim, Chang-Keun Lee, Bin Yoo
Background/Aims: Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study evaluated the clinical factors related to outcome in patients with SLE-associated ATM. Methods: The medical records of patients diagnosed with SLE-associated ATM between January 1995 and January 2015 were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups based on improvement of neurological deficits after treatment: favorable response group and unfavorable response group...
January 5, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280817/newly-diagnosed-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-atypical-presentation-with-focal-seizures-and-long-standing-lymphadenopathy
#11
Eric S Mull, Vivian Aranez, Drew Pierce, Ilene L Rothman, Rabheh Abdul-Aziz
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may present with involvement of multiple organ systems, usually with a constellation of nonspecific constitutional symptoms and signs. Seizures and thrombosis are uncommon at presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 17-year-old boy of African descent with an 11-year history of persistent lymphadenopathy with negative outpatient workup for lymphoma and immunodeficiency who was admitted to our tertiary care hospital for new-onset seizure activity...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259790/complement-levels-and-risk-of-organ-involvement-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Ignacio Javier Gandino, Marina Scolnik, Emmanuel Bertiller, Valeria Scaglioni, Luis Jose Catoggio, Enrique Roberto Soriano
Objective: Complement plays a major role in SLE. Complement participation has been linked to disease activity and damage. Our objective was to estimate the association of complement behaviour with clinical manifestations, visceral injury and mortality in patients with SLE. Methods: Complement determinations (C3 and C4 levels) were analysed in patients with SLE (fulfilling American College of Rheumatology (ACR) or Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC)criteria) seen at a university hospital between 2000 and 2013...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245299/the-introspection-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-process-of-a-case-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-gbs-attributed-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-a-case-report
#13
Nan Zhang, Jie Cao, Meng Zhao, Li Sun
RATIONALE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disorder. It may cause neurologic damage which is mainly characterized by central and mental system, while peripheral sexual damage is relatively rare in which Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) as the first performance is more rare . GBS is an autoimmune peripheral neuropathy usually triggered by an antecedent bacterial or viral infection, with SLE being a rare cause. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old male presented to the hospital with progressive numbness and adynamia in extremities...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130124/systemic-autoimmune-diseases-complicated-with-hydrocephalus-pathogenesis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Hexiang Yin, Junji Wei, Li Wang, Liying Cui, Renzhi Wang
Systemic autoimmune diseases (SAIDs) represent a group of syndromes involving at least two organ systems. Classical SAIDs include connective tissue diseases, vasculitis, and granulomatous diseases, many of which involve the nervous system and result in different neurological manifestations. Hydrocephalus can be a rare but lethal complication of various SAIDs, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), sarcoidosis, and primary vasculitis. However, the pathogenesis of SAIDs complicated with different types of hydrocephalus is varied and difficult to determine using the existing published data, and various manifestations and expressive forms of the conditions bring a substantial challenge to a timely clinical diagnosis and treatment...
November 12, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103181/brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-autoantibody-profile-in-118-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-lupus
#15
Zhen Tan, Yingbo Zhou, Xiangpei Li, Guosheng Wang, Jinhui Tao, Li Wang, Yan Ma, Xiaomei Li
The objective of this study is to analyze clinical manifestations, features of imaging, and laboratory assessment of patients with neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) for better diagnosis and outcome prediction. One hundred eighteen NPSLE patients admitted to the Anhui Provincial Hospital in Hefei, China, between January 2006 and December 2016 were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. All patients fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology revised classification criteria for SLE. Patients with NPSLE fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) nomenclature and case definitions...
January 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097555/lupus-myelopathy
#16
Dominika D Raciborska, Alastair John Noyce, Dev Pyne, Benjamin P Turner
Although neurological manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are well recognised, myelopathy complicating SLE is rare. A 35-year-old woman presented with non-specific symptoms and a respiratory tract infection but had serological evidence of SLE. She subsequently deteriorated rapidly, developing a catastrophic spinal cord syndrome. Her initial MRI was normal; but after 1 month, her encephalopathy having progressed, repeat imaging showed characteristic myelitic changes. She responded only slowly to a combination of cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids...
February 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050535/antiphospholipid-antibodies-and-non-thrombotic-manifestations-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
U İlgen, M E Yayla, A Ateş, İ E Okatan, E U Yurteri, M Torgutalp, A B D Keleşoğlu, T M Turgay, G Kınıklı
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the association between antiphospholipid antibodies and non-thrombotic and non-gestational manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods Systemic lupus erythematosus patients with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies or lupus anticoagulant were identified and grouped as systemic lupus erythematosus with antiphospholipid syndrome (SLE-APS), systemic lupus erythematosus with positive antiphospholipid antibodies/lupus anticoagulant without antiphospholipid syndrome (SLE-aPL), and systemic lupus erythematosus with negative aPLs (SLE-No aPL)...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979169/severe-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-successfully-treated-with-rituximab-an-alternative-to-standard-of-care
#18
Elisabetta Chessa, Matteo Piga, Alberto Floris, Alessandro Mathieu, Alberto Cauli
Demyelinating syndrome secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (DS-SLE) is a rare encephalomyelitis burden with a high risk of disability and death. We report on a 49-year-old Caucasian woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated by severe cognitive dysfunction, brainstem disease, cranial nerve palsies, weakness and numbness in limbs and multiple discrete magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) areas of damage within the white matter of semioval centers, temporal lobe, external capsule, claustrum, subinsular regions and midbrain...
2017: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956469/alpha-beta-double-negative-t-cells-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-the-relation-to-disease-activity-and-characteristics
#19
Zeinab A El-Sayed, Rasha H El-Owaidy, Neama L Mohamed, Beshoy A Shehata
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate alpha beta double negative (αβ DN) T-cell percentages in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) and their relation to disease activity and organ involvement. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out over a period of 12 months and included 21 JSLE patients and 20 healthy matched controls. SLE disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) scores were recorded in addition to αβ DN T-cell percentages measurement at enrollment and after remission...
September 28, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929239/flares-in-chinese-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#20
Liying Peng, Ziqian Wang, Mengtao Li, Yanhong Wang, Dong Xu, Qian Wang, Shangzhu Zhang, Jiuliang Zhao, Xinping Tian, Xiaofeng Zeng
This study determined the flare status of SLE patients in a single-center Chinese cohort and identified the predictors of flare in this underreported Asian population. The patients were recruited from April 2009 to February 2010 at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH), and then followed up regularly at our clinic until December 2015. Flare was defined as an increase in SLEDAI-2K to ≥ 4 points from the previous visit, or appearing of a new SLE manifestation or worsening of a preexisting clinical or hematological manifestation (not included in SLEDAI-2K) that results in restarting or increasing corticosteroids or immunosuppressant...
December 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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