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Plyometric training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899894/moderate-load-eccentric-exercise-a-distinct-novel-training-modality
#1
REVIEW
Hans Hoppeler
Over the last 20 years a number of studies have been published using progressive eccentric exercise protocols on motorized ergometers or similar devices that allow for controlled application of eccentric loads. Exercise protocols ramp eccentric loads over an initial 3 weeks period in order to prevent muscle damage and delayed onset muscle soreness. Final training loads reach 400-500 W in rehabilitative settings and over 1200 W in elite athletes. Training is typically carried out three times per week for durations of 20-30 min...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893479/complex-training-the-effect-of-exercise-selection-and-training-status-on-post-activation-potentiation-in-rugby-league-players
#2
David J Scott, Massimiliano Ditroilo, Phil Marshall
This study compared the post-activation potentiation (PAP) response of the hex bar deadlift (HBD) and back squat (BS) exercises. The PAP response between different levels of athletes was also compared. Ten professional and ten amateur rugby league players performed two experimental sessions. Participants performed a countermovement jump (CMJ) before and 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 minutes after a conditioning activity (CA) that contained 1 set of 3 repetitions at 93% 1RM of either HBD or BS. A force platform determined peak power output (PPO), force at PPO, velocity at PPO and jump height of each CMJ...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870696/strength-and-conditioning-and-concurrent-training-practices-in-elite-rugby-union
#3
Thomas W Jones, Andrew Smith, Lindsay S Macnaughton, Duncan N French
Jones, TW, Smith, A, Macnaughton, LS, and French, DN. Strength and Conditioning and Concurrent Training Practices in Elite Rugby Union. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3354-3366, 2016-There is limited published research on strength and conditioning (S&C) practices in elite rugby union (RU). Information regarding testing batteries and programme design would provide valuable information to both applied practitioners and researchers investigating the influence of training interventions or preperformance strategies...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834619/maturation-related-effect-of-low-dose-plyometric-training-on-performance-in-youth-hockey-players
#4
Jason Moran, Gavin R H Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Oliver Todd, Collison, Dave A Parry
PURPOSE: The purpose of this intervention study was to investigate if a low-dose of plyometric training (PT) could improve sprint and jump performance in groups of different maturity status. METHODS: Male youth field hockey players were divided into Pre-PHV (from -1 to -1.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 9; Control = 12) and Mid-PHV (0 to +0.9 from PHV; Experimental: n = 8; Control = 9) groups. Participants in the experimental groups completed 60 foot contacts, twice-weekly, for 6 weeks...
November 11, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813394/adaptations-in-movement-performance-after-plyometric-training-on-mini-trampoline-in-children
#5
Fotini Arabatzi
BACKGROUND: Deficits in postural control and skill performance are important intrinsic fall risk factors. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of trampoline plyometrics on postural control, and jumping height in pre-pubertal children. METHODS: Twenty-two school children were assigned to either a Trampoline group (TPLG, n = 12, 7 girls & 5 boys, age = 9.30 ± 0.55 years) or a Control group (CG, n = 12, 8 girls & 4 boys, age = 9.30 ± 0.55 years)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806013/the-effect-of-high-speed-strength-training-on-physical-performance-in-young-soccer-players-of-different-ages
#6
David Rodriguez-Rosell, Felipe Franco-Márquez, Ricardo Mora-Custodio, Juan José González-Badillo
The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of low-load, low-volume weight training combined with plyometrics on strength, sprint and jump performance in soccer players of different ages. Eighty-six soccer players from the same academy were categorized into 3 groups by age (under 13 year, U13, n = 30; under 15, U15, n = 28; under 17, U17, n = 28) and then randomly assigned into two subgroups: a strength training group (STG) and a control group (CG). The strength training program was performed twice a week for 6 weeks and consisted of full squats (load: 45-60% 1RM; volume: 3 set of 8-4 repetitions), jumps and straight line sprint exercises...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806012/acute-effects-of-plyometric-and-resistance-training-on-running-economy-in-trained-runners
#7
Richard T Marcello, Beau Kjerulf Greer, Anna E Greer
Results regarding the acute effects of plyometric and resistance training (PRT) on running economy (RE) are conflicting. Eight male collegiate distance runners (21 ± 1 years, 62.5 ± 7.8 ml/kg/min V[Combining Dot Above]O2 peak) completed V[Combining Dot Above]O2 peak and 1 repetition maximum (1RM) testing. Seven days later, subjects completed a 12 minute RE test at 60% and 80% V[Combining Dot Above]O2 peak, followed by a PRT protocol or a rested condition of equal duration (CON). The PRT protocol consisted of 3 sets of 5 repetitions at 85% 1RM for barbell squats, Romanian deadlifts, and barbell lunges; the same volume was utilized for resisted lateral lunges, box jumps, and depth jumps...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787471/twelve-weeks-of-plyometric-training-improves-motor-performance-of-7-10-year-old-overweight-obese-boys-a-randomized-controlled-intervention
#8
Gabriela Góes Nobre, Marcelus Brito de Almeida, Isabele Góes Nobre, Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Raphael Arnaut Brinco, Thalison Ricardo Arruda-Lima, Kenya Larissa de-Vasconcelos, Jociellen Gomes de-Lima, Manoel Etelberto Borba-Neto, Emmanuel Martins Damasceno-Rodrigues, Steve Martin Santos-Silva, Carol Góis Leandro, Marcos André Moura-Dos-Santos
The prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity has increased, and physical training at school may to be effective to combat this scenario. We analyzed the effects of a protocol of plyometric training on body composition and motor performance of overweight/obese boys aged 7 to 9 years. The sample was randomly assigned into 2 groups: plyometric training group (T, n = 40) and control group (C, n = 19). Training consisted of 20 minutes/day (twice a week, during twelve weeks) of lower extremity plyometric exercise...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787468/effect-of-direct-whole-body-vibration-on-upper-body-muscular-power-in-recreational-resistance-trained-men
#9
Margaret T Jones, Joel Martin, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver
To determine the acute effect of whole body vibration (WBV) on upper body power, 15 men (mean ± SD; age 21.5 ± 2.3 years; height 173.1 ± 6.5 cm; weight 77.2 ± 13.8 kg) with ≥ 1 year resistance training experience and a bench press (BP): body mass ratio ≥ 1.25 participated in a repeated measures crossover design. Session 1 included body composition ((BodPod) 15.76 ± 6.7 % body fat), 3-repetition maximum BP, and familiarization with: seated medicine ball throw (SMBT), plyometric push-up on a force plate (PPU), and vertical WBV platform...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760844/injuries-in-an-extreme-conditioning-program
#10
Kyle T Aune, Joseph M Powers
BACKGROUND: Extreme conditioning programs (ECPs) are fitness training regimens relying on aerobic, plyometric, and resistance training exercises, often with high levels of intensity for a short duration of time. These programs have grown rapidly in popularity in recent years, but science describing the safety profile of these programs is lacking. HYPOTHESIS: The rate of injury in the extreme conditioning program is greater than the injury rate of weightlifting and the majority of injuries occur to the shoulder and back...
October 19, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755010/neuromuscular-training-availability-and-efficacy-in-preventing-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-high-school-sports-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Jared J Murray, Colleen M Renier, Jenny J Ahern, Barbara A Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To document neuromuscular training (NMT) availability and its relationship to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in 4 major high school sports by gender, sport, and rural/urban geography, with the hypothesis that increased exposure to NMT would be associated with fewer ACL injuries. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: All Minnesota high schools identified in the Minnesota State High School League (MSHSL) database for fall 2014 boys' football and soccer, and girls' volleyball and soccer...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736266/effects-of-plyometric-vs-concentric-and-eccentric-conditioning-contractions-on-upper-body-postactivation-potentiation
#12
Gert Ulrich, Mario Parstorfer
PURPOSE: There is limited data on postactivation potentiation (PAP) effects following plyometric conditioning contractions (CC), especially in the upper body. Therefore, the study compared plyometric CC with concentric-eccentric and eccentric CC aiming to improve upper body power performance due to a PAP-effect. METHODS: Sixteen resistance-trained males completed three experimental trials in a randomized order which composed of either a plyometric (PLY), a concentric-eccentric (CON) or an eccentric-only (ECC) CC...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735886/effects-of-volume-based-overload-plyometric-training-on-maximal-intensity-exercise-adaptations-in-young-basketball-players
#13
Abbas Asadi, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cesar Meylan, Fabio Y Nakamura, Rodrigo Cañas-Jamet, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: To compare maximal-intensity exercise adaptations in young basketball players (who were strong individuals at baseline) participating in regular basketball training versus regular plus a volume-based plyometric training program in the pre-season period. METHODS: Young basketball players were recruited and assigned either to a plyometric with regular basketball training group (Experimental group [EG]; n = 8), or a basketball training only group (Control group [CG]; n = 8)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704484/effect-of-plyometric-training-on-vertical-jump-performance-in-female-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Emilija Stojanović, Vladimir Ristić, Daniel Travis McMaster, Zoran Milanović
BACKGROUND: Plyometric training is an effective method to prevent knee injuries in female athletes; however, the effects of plyometric training on jump performance in female athletes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of plyometric training on vertical jump (VJ) performance of amateur, collegiate and elite female athletes. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched (PubMed, MEDLINE, ERIC, Google Scholar, SCIndex and ScienceDirect)...
October 4, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662489/effects-of-two-different-volume-equated-weekly-distributed-short-term-plyometric-training-programs-on-futsal-players-physical-performance
#15
Javier Yanci, Daniel Castillo, Aitor Iturricastillo, Rubén Ayarra, Fabio Yuzo Nakamura
The aim was to analyze the effect of two different plyometric training programs (i.e., one vs. two sessions per week, same total weekly volume) on physical performance in futsal players. Forty-four futsal players were divided into three training groups differing in weekly plyometric training load: the two days per week plyometric training group (PT2D, n=15), the one day per week plyometric training group (PT1D, n=12) and the control group (CG, n=12) which did not perform plyometric training. The results of this study showed that in-season futsal training per se was capable of improving repeat sprint ability (RSA) (ES=-0...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632848/the-effect-of-shoulder-plyometric-training-on-amortization-time-and-upper-extremity-kinematics
#16
Kathleen A Swanik, Stephen J Thomas, Aaron H Struminger, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, John D Kelly Iv, Charles B Swanik
CONTEXT: Plyometric training is credited with providing benefits in performance and dynamic restraint. However, limited prospective data exists quantifying kinematic adaptations such as amortization time, glenohumeral rotation, and scapulothoracic position, which may underlie its efficacy for upper extremity rehabilitation or performance enhancement. OBJECTIVE: To measure upper extremity kinematics and plyometric phase times before and after an 8 week upper extremity strength and plyometric training programs...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623756/effects-of-plyometric-exercise-training-with-external-weights-on-punching-ability-of-experienced-amateur-boxers
#17
Vidas Bruzas, Sigitas Kamandulis, Tomas Venckunas, Audrius Snieckus, Pranas Mockus
BACKGROUND: During competition, a boxer must continue to deliver high-impact punches despite increasing fatigue. It is unclear whether the effects of plyometric training using external weights are transferred to sport-specific movements such as punching. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a 4-week cycle of plyometric training with external weights on punching ability. METHODS: The study involved eight male amateur boxers aged 22.3±2.5 years with at least 7 years of competitive experience...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584338/plyometric-and-resistance-training-do-not-inhibit-running-economy-for-up-to-24-hours-1299-board-2-june-2-8-00-am-10-00-am
#18
Richard T Marcello, Beau K Greer, Anna E Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584239/4-weeks-of-plyometric-training-improves-rowing-performance-in-high-school-male-rowers-625-board-6-june-1-1-00-pm-3-00-pm
#19
Julian Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Cassandra Eddy, Veronica O'Neill, Stephen J Ives
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548790/effects-of-different-combinations-of-strength-power-and-plyometric-training-on-the-physical-performance-of-elite-young-soccer-players
#20
Ronaldo Kobal, Irineu Loturco, Renato Barroso, Saulo Gil, Rogério Cuniyochi, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Hamilton Roschel, Valmor Tricoli
The combination of strength (ST) and plyometric training (PT) has been shown to be effective for improving sport specific performance. However, there is no consensus about the most effective way to combine these methods in the same training session, in order to produce greater improvements in neuromuscular performance of soccer players. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different combinations of ST and PT sequences on strength, jump, speed, and agility capacities of elite young soccer players...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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