keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preoperative guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732093/attitudes-among-transplant-professionals-regarding-shifting-paradigms-in-eligibility-criteria-for-live-kidney-donation
#1
Jeffrey A Lafranca, Emerentia Q W Spoon, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Jan N M IJzermans, Frank J M F Dor
BACKGROUND: The transplant community increasingly accepts extended criteria live kidney donors, however, great (geographical) differences are present in policies regarding the acceptance of these donors, and guidelines do not offer clarity. The aim of this survey was to reveal these differences and to get an insight in both centre policies as well as personal beliefs of transplant professionals. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 1128 ESOT-members. Questions were included about several extended donor criteria; overweight/obesity, older age, vascular multiplicity, minors as donors and comorbidities; hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, kidney stones, malignancies and renal cysts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729190/systematic-review-of-the-use-of-3-dimensional-printing-in-surgical-teaching-and-assessment
#2
Benjamin Langridge, Sheikh Momin, Ben Coumbe, Evelina Woin, Michelle Griffin, Peter Butler
OBJECTIVE: The use of 3-dimensional (3D) printing in medicine has rapidly expanded in recent years as the technology has developed. The potential uses of 3D printing are manifold. This article provides a systematic review of the uses of 3D printing within surgical training and assessment. METHODS: A structured literature search of the major literature databases was performed in adherence to PRISMA guidelines. Articles that met predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were appraised with respect to the key objectives of the review and sources of bias were analysed...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725497/effect-of-screw-perpendicularity-on-compression-in-scaphoid-waist-fractures
#3
Morgan M Swanstrom, Kyle W Morse, Joseph D Lipman, Krystle A Hearns, Michelle G Carlson
Background  Central and perpendicular (PERP) screw orientations have each been described for scaphoid fracture fixation. It is unclear, however, which orientation produces greater compression. Questions/Purposes  This study compares compression in scaphoid waist fractures with screw fixation in both PERP and pole-to-pole (PTP) configurations. PERP orientation was hypothesized to produce greater compression than PTP orientation. Methods  Ten preoperative computed tomography scans of scaphoid waist fractures were classified by fracture type and orientation in the coronal and sagittal planes...
August 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723736/timing-of-preoperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-54-552-patients-and-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Stijn Willem de Jonge, Sarah L Gans, Jasper J Atema, Joseph S Solomkin, Patchen E Dellinger, Marja A Boermeester
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of timing of preoperative surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) on surgical site infection (SSI) and compare the different timing intervals.The benefit of routine use of SAP prior to surgery has long been recognized. However, the optimal timing has not been defined. For the purpose of developing recommendations for the World Health Organization guideline for SSI prevention, a systematic review and meta-analysis of all relevant evidence was conducted.Major medical databases were searched from 1990 to 2016...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721349/hepatocellular-carcinoma-early-stage-management-challenges
#5
REVIEW
Derek J Erstad, Kenneth K Tanabe
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer death and is increasing in incidence. This review focuses on HCC surveillance and treatment of early-stage disease, which are essential to improving outcomes. Multiple societies have published HCC surveillance guidelines, but screening efforts have been limited by noncompliance and overall lack of testing for patients with undiagnosed chronic liver disease. Treatment of early-stage HCC has become increasingly complex due to expanding therapeutic options and better outcomes with established treatments...
2017: Journal of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715578/adverse-pathologic-findings-for-men-electing-immediate-radical-prostatectomy-defining-a-favorable-intermediate-risk-group
#6
Hiten D Patel, Jeffrey J Tosoian, H Ballentine Carter, Jonathan I Epstein
Importance: Active surveillance is recommended for patients with very low-risk (VLR) and low-risk (LR) prostate cancer. Despite controversy, recent clinical guidelines state surveillance may be considered for men with low-volume intermediate-risk (LVIR) disease. Objective: To compare rates of adverse pathologic findings among VLR, LR, and LVIR men electing immediate radical prostatectomy and evaluate criteria to define if a favorable intermediate-risk group minimizing risk exists...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712790/prognostic-factors-for-tumor-recurrence-in-patients-with-clinical-stage-i-seminoma-undergoing-surveillance-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Friedemann Zengerling, Frank Kunath, Katrin Jensen, Christian Ruf, Stefanie Schmidt, Annabel Spek
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate evidence on prognostic factors for tumor recurrence in patients with clinical stage I seminoma undergoing surveillance. METHODS: Systematic literature search conducted of Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and the conference proceedings of the ASCO, AUA, and EAU meetings (last search: October 2016), according to our prospectively registered protocol (PROSPERO registration number CRD42014009434). Identified records were reviewed according to the Cochrane Method Group of Prognosis Reviews recommendations and the PRISMA reporting guideline...
July 13, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705572/compliance-with-a-multidisciplinary-team-meeting-s-decision-prior-to-bariatric-surgery-protects-against-major-postoperative-complications
#8
Lionel Rebibo, Virginie Maréchal, Ileana De Lameth, Abdennaceur Dhahri, Isabelle Escoffier, Jean-Daniel Lalau, Jean-Marc Regimbeau
BACKGROUND: Good surgical practice guidelines in France state that patients eligible for bariatric surgery must always be discussed at a multidisciplinary team (MDT) meeting. OBJECTIVE: Describe MDT meetings and assess their possible impact on the postoperative course. SETTING: University Hospital, France, public practice. METHODS: From April 2009 to March 2013, we included all patients reviewed in a MDT meeting before bariatric surgery...
June 1, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704133/understanding-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-guidelines-an-introductory-approach
#9
Kevin M Elias
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS(®)) is a multimodal, multidisciplinary approach to surgical care. The ERAS Society has issued recommendations for many surgical procedures that address best practices in preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management. When implementing a new ERAS protocol, the length and detail of the recommendations can be overwhelming. In this study, the general principles of the ERAS guidelines are summarized and workload is distributed among the different members of the care team...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699414/role-of-ultrasound-in-predicting-tumor-invasiveness-in-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#10
Soo Yeon Hahn, Jung Hee Shin, Young Lyun Oh, Tae Hyuk Kim, Yaeji Lim, Ji Soo Choi
BACKGROUND: Follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) is traditionally divided into infiltrative and encapsulated types. Adding to this classification, noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary like nuclear features (NIFTP) represents a reclassification of a subset of cases (encapsulated tumors without lymphovascular or capsular invasion). The purpose of this study was to assess the role of ultrasound (US) in predicting tumor invasiveness in FVPTC. METHODS: From January 2014 to May 2016, preoperative US examinations were performed on 151 patients with 152 FVPTCs who underwent surgery...
July 12, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699039/-prophylaxis-of-venous-thromboembolic-events-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#11
REVIEW
B Höing, U W Geisthoff, C E Dempfle, S Lang, B A Stuck
BACKGROUND: Application of perioperative thrombosis prophylaxis in head and neck surgery lacks consistent standards in Germany. Due to sparse data, the latest German S3 guideline concerning prophylaxis of thromboembolic events recommends a restrictive handling of anticoagulants in head and neck surgery, with few specific recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to provide concrete clinical recommendations based on a systematic literature review and the S3 guidelines...
July 11, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698895/using-anatomical-landmark-to-avoid-phrenic-nerve-injury-during-balloon-based-procedures-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients
#12
Nicolina M Smith, Larry Segars, Travis Kauffman, Anthony B Olinger
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an arrhythmia which affects as many as 2.7 million Americans. AF should be treated, because it can lead to a four-to-fivefold increased risk of experiencing a stroke. The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for the treatment of drug refractory and symptomatic paroxysmal AF denote catheter ablation as the standard of care. The newest ablation treatment, cryoballoon, uses a cold balloon tip. The biggest risk factor associated with the cryoballoon ablation is phrenic nerve injury (PNI)...
July 11, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698880/secure-screw-placement-in-management-of-acetabular-fractures-using-the-suprapectineal-quadrilateral-buttress-plate
#13
R J Egli, M J B Keel, J L Cullmann, J D Bastian
Acetabular fractures involving predominantly the anterior column associated with a disruption of the quadrilateral surface can be treated with instrumentation implementing the stabilization of the quadrilateral surface. The recently introduced suprapectineal quadrilateral buttress plate is specifically designed to prevent secondary medial subluxation of the femoral head, especially in elderly patients with reduced ability for partial weight bearing. Whereas there are guidelines available for safe screw fixation for the anterior and posterior columns, there might be a concern for intra-articular placement of screws placed through the infrapectineal part of the quadrilateral buttress plate...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689321/underestimated-risk-of-cancer-in-solitary-thyroid-nodules-%C3%A2-3%C3%A2-cm-reported-as-benign
#14
Sohail Bakkar, Anello Marcello Poma, Caterina Corsini, Mario Miccoli, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the risk of cancer in solitary thyroid nodules ≥30 mm in size reported as Bethesda II, and its implications. METHOD: The clinical records of 202 patients, who underwent thyroid lobectomy for solitary nodules measuring ≥30 mm, reported as Bethesda II on preoperative FNAC between Jan 2015 and Apr 2016 were reviewed. Data collected included nodule size and consistency, and final histopathology results. The risk of cancer and the recommended management according to ATA guidelines were the outcomes of interest...
July 8, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688937/acromioplasty-in-patients-selected-for-operation-by-national-guidelines
#15
Jón Rói Jacobsen, Carsten M Jensen, Søren R Deutch
BACKGROUND: Shoulder impingement syndrome is the most common shoulder disorder. Even though conservative treatment is the primary treatment of choice, surgery has increased substantially in several countries during the last 20 years. This has resulted in recommended clinical guidelines for treatment of shoulder impingement syndrome in countries such as The Netherlands and Denmark during recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an arthroscopic subacromial decompression in 244 patients selected for surgery according to national clinical guidelines...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687948/role-of-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy-and-preoperative-liver-biopsy-for-exclusion-of-biliary-atresia-in-neonatal-cholestasis-syndrome
#16
Ankur Mandelia, Richa Lal, Nijagal Mutt
All diagnostic algorithms for Neonatal Cholestasis Syndrome (NCS) focus on differentiating numerous medical causes from Biliary Atresia (BA). No preoperative diagnostic algorithm has 100% diagnostic accuracy for BA and yet, timely diagnosis is crucial to optimize surgical outcome. Markers for high index of clinical suspicion for BA are: a "usually" well thriving infant with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, raised gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, persistently "acholic" stools, firm hepatomegaly with dysmorphic, hypoplastic gall bladder...
July 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681753/incidence-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-undergoing-elective-neurosurgery-a-prospective-cohort-based-study
#17
Tushar D Borde, Chandrajit Prasad, Arivazhagan Arimappamagan, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Sampath Somanna
INTRODUCTION: The exact incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the Indian neurosurgical patient population is uncertain. This situation is quite different from its well-documented incidence in the Caucasian population.This study aims to analyze the incidence, etiopathogenesis, and risk factors in the development of DVT in Indians. This will enable us to formulate country-specific guidelines for its appropriate and timely prophylaxis. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence of deep venous thrombosis in patients undergoing elective neurosurgery...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680288/breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-are-those-who-need-it-getting-it
#18
S Tan, J David, L Lalonde, M El Khoury, M Labelle, R Younan, E Patocskai, J Richard, I Trop
BACKGROUND: Indications for breast magnetic resonance imaging (mri), a very sensitive but less-specific tool for breast investigation, remain controversial, and accessibility is limited. The purposes of our study were to determine the proportion of breast mri exams performed for various clinical indications, to assess the wait times for breast mri, and to create a list of evidence-based indications for breast mri. METHODS: The indications for breast mri exams performed in September 2013 at our academic centre were audited...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674630/a-specialty-specific-multimodality-educational-quality-improvement-initiative-to-deimplement-rarely-appropriate-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#19
David E Winchester, Carsten Schmalfuss, Christian D Helfrich, Rebecca J Beyth
OBJECTIVE: Investigations of Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) education have shown a mixed effect on changing provider behaviour. At our facility, rarely appropriate myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) differs by specialty; awareness of AUC is low. Our objective is to investigate if specialty-specific, multimodality education could reduce rarely appropriate MPI. METHODS: We designed education focused on the rarely appropriate MPI ordered most often by each specialty...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673199/accuracy-of-pedicle-screw-placement-based-on-preoperative-computed-tomography-versus-intraoperative-data-set-acquisition-for-spinal-navigation-system
#20
Hao Liu, Weikai Chen, Tao Liu, Bin Meng, Huilin Yang
AIM: To investigate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement based on preoperative computed tomography in comparison with intraoperative data set acquisition for spinal navigation system. METHODS: The PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, and Web of Science were systematically searched for the literature published up to September 2015. This review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. Statistical analysis was performed using the Review Manager 5...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
keyword
keyword
24447
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"