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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644187/perioperative-blood-management-in-pediatric-spine-surgery
#1
Matthew E Oetgen, Jody Litrenta
Blood management strategies are integral to successful outcomes in many types of orthopaedic surgery. These strategies minimize blood loss and transfusion requirements, ultimately decreasing complications, improving outcomes, and potentially eliminating risks associated with allogeneic transfusion. Practices to achieve these goals include preoperative evaluation and optimization of hemoglobin, the use of pharmacologic agents or anesthetic methods, intraoperative techniques to improve hemostasis and cell salvage, and the use of predonated autologous blood...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632535/perioperative-surgical-home-evaluation-of-a-new-protocol-focused-on-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-manage-children-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-operation
#2
Eugene Kim, Brian Lee, Giovanni Cucchiaro
BACKGROUND: The concept of Perioperative Surgical Home has been gaining significant attention in surgical centers. This model is delivering and improving coordinated care in a cost-effective manner to patients undergoing surgical procedures. It starts with the decision for surgical intervention, continues to the intraoperative and postoperative periods, and follows into long-term recovery. Constant re-evaluation of outcomes and modifications of delivery provides a feedback loop for improvement...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629896/randomized-phase-ii-study-of-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-panitumumab-followed-by-consolidation-chemotherapy-in-potentially-operable-locally-advanced-stage-iiia-n2-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nrg-oncology-rtog-0839
#3
Martin J Edelman, Chen Hu, Quynh-Thu Le, Jessica S Donington, Warren D D'Souza, Adam P Dicker, Billy W Loo, Elizabeth M Gore, Gregory M M Videtic, Nathaniel R Evans, Joseph W Leach, Maximilian Diehn, Steven J Feigenberg, Yuhchyau Chen, Rebecca Paulus, Jeffrey D Bradley
INTRODUCTION: Multimodality therapy has curative potential in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LASCLC). Mediastinal nodal sterilization (MNS) after induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) can serve as an intermediate marker for efficacy. NRG Oncology RTOG 0229 demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of combining full dose radiation (61.2Gy) with chemotherapy followed by resection and chemotherapy. Based upon that experience and evidence that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies are radiosensitizing, we explored adding panitumumab to CRT followed by resection and consolidation chemotherapy in LANSCLC with a primary endpoint of MNS...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621630/evaluation-of-surgical-treatment-for-neuropathic-pain-from-neuroma-in-patients-with-injured-peripheral-nerves
#4
Valérie Decrouy-Duruz, Thierry Christen, Wassim Raffoul
OBJECTIVE Chronic neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury is a major clinical problem. Its management is difficult, and therapeutic approaches vary and include oral medication, neurostimulation, and surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of surgical nerve revision in a large series of patients with long-term follow-up. METHODS The authors reviewed the charts of 231 patients (335 nerve injuries) who experienced neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury and underwent surgery for nerve revision at the authors' institution between 1997 and 2012...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620596/optimal-length-of-follow-up-for-the-detection-of-unsuccessful-pediatric-pyeloplasty-a-single-center-experience
#5
Utsav K Bansal, Pankaj P Dangle, Heidi Stephany, Asad Durrani, Glenn Cannon, Francis X Schneck, Michael C Ost
OBJECTIVES: To assess the optimal length of follow-up for patients undergoing both open and minimally invasive pyeloplasties to ensure prompt detection of a recurrent obstruction. There are no standard guidelines on ideal follow-up and imaging post-pediatric pyeloplasty currently. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified 264 patients (<18 years old) who underwent pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction between April 2002 and December 2014...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616437/an-audit-of-perioperative-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-compliance-with-the-international-guidelines
#6
Sarah Mousavi, Elham Zamani, Faranak Bahrami
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial prophylaxis has been demonstrated to lower the incidence of postoperative infection in nearly all types of surgery. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) guideline summarizes current data on the appropriate use of antibiotic for surgical prophylaxis. The objective of this study was to assess and audit the use of antibiotics in a tertiary care center according to the recommendation of ASHP guideline. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed using prospective data gathered from April to September 2015 in the surgical wards of Al Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614136/surgery-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-advanced-ovarian-cancer-which-patient-when-and-extent
#7
Florine A Eggink, Corine M Koopmans, Hans W Nijman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cytoreduction to no residual disease is the mainstay of primary treatment for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (AdvEOC). This review addresses recent insights on optimal patient selection, timing, and extent of surgery, intended to optimize cytoreduction in patients with AdvEOC. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical guidelines recommend primary cytoreductive surgery (PCS) for AdvEOC patients with a high likelihood of achieving complete cytoreduction with acceptable morbidity...
June 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612281/perioperative-management-of-antiplatelet-treatment-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-dutch-cardiothoracic-centres
#8
P W A Janssen, D M F Claassens, L M Willemsen, T O Bergmeijer, P Klein, J M Ten Berg
BACKGROUND: International guidelines do not provide uniform recommendations regarding the use of antiplatelet treatment in the perioperative period in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all 16 cardiothoracic centres in the Netherlands to determine which antiplatelet treatment is used in the perioperative setting. Furthermore, a single-centre prospective observational cohort study was performed which included all patients undergoing isolated CABG in July 2014...
June 13, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611523/surgical-management-of-liver-diseases-invading-the-hepatocaval-confluence-based-on-ih-classification-the-surgical-guideline-in-our-center
#9
Wei Li, Jun Han, Zhao-Ping Wu, Hong Wu
AIM: to investigate the short-term outcomes and risk factors indicating postoperative death of patients with lesions adjacent to the hepatocaval confluence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 54 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy combined with inferior vena cava (IVC) and/or hepatic vein reconstruction (HVR) from January 2012 to January 2016 at our liver surgery center. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the range of IVC and hepatic vein involvement...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611522/radiological-response-and-inflammation-scores-predict-tumour-recurrence-in-patients-treated-with-transarterial-chemoembolization-before-liver-transplantation
#10
Daniele Nicolini, Andrea Agostini, Roberto Montalti, Federico Mocchegiani, Cinzia Mincarelli, Alessandra Mandolesi, Nicola L Robertson, Roberto Candelari, Andrea Giovagnoni, Marco Vivarelli
AIM: To investigate the prognostic value of the radiological response after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and inflammatory markers in patients affected by hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) awaiting liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the preoperative predictors of HCC recurrence in 70 patients treated with conventional (n = 16) or doxorubicin-eluting bead TACE (n = 54) before LT. The patient and tumour characteristics, including the static and dynamic alpha-fetoprotein, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) measurements, were recorded...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609188/subtraction-images-of-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-mri-effect-on-the-diagnostic-performance-for-focal-hepatic-lesions-in-patients-at-risk-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Sang Hyun Choi, So Yeon Kim, Seung Soo Lee, Ju Hyun Shim, Jae Ho Byun, Seunghee Baek, Moon-Gyu Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of subtraction images of gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI on the image interpretation of focal hepatic lesions in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 255 malignant nodules from 233 patients with chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis (187 men and 46 women; mean age, 55.2 years) who underwent preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI and surgical resection...
June 13, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608956/systematic-review-of-mortality-risk-prediction-models-in-the-era-of-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#12
REVIEW
N Lijftogt, T W F Luijnenburg, A C Vahl, E D Wilschut, V J Leijdekkers, M F Fiocco, M W J M Wouters, J F Hamming
BACKGROUND: The introduction of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has reduced perioperative mortality after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. The objective of this systematic review was to assess existing mortality risk prediction models, and identify which are most useful for patients undergoing AAA repair by either EVAR or open surgical repair. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted for perioperative mortality risk prediction models for patients with AAA published since 2006...
July 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608456/is-axillary-surgery-beneficial-for-patients-with-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#13
Jessemae L Welsh, Michael G Keeney, Tanya L Hoskin, Katrina N Glazebrook, Judy C Boughey, Sejal S Shah, Tina J Hieken
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare, typically triple-negative, breast cancer reported to have a favorable prognosis and low rate of nodal metastasis. No consensus guidelines exist for axillary staging and treatment. METHODS: We identified all patients with ACC evaluated at our institution from January 1994 to August 2016. Patient, tumor, and treatment variables were abstracted and analyzed. RESULTS: We identified 20 pure ACCs (0...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607324/updated-guidelines-on-the-preoperative-staging-of-thyroid-cancer
#14
Hye Jung Kim
Recent studies have provided prognostic information and recommendations for staging thyroid cancers that have changed the staging and management guidelines for the disease. Consequently, minimal extrathyroidal extension (ETE) was removed from the T3 stage classification in the eighth edition of the TNM staging system by the American Joint Committee on Cancer. New T categories have been subsequently added, including T3a, defined as a tumor >4 cm in its greatest dimension, limited to the thyroid gland, and T3b, defined as a tumor of any size with gross ETE invading only the strap muscles...
April 9, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604246/is-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-related-to-short-course-prophylaxis-of-thromboembolism-a-monocentric-retrospective-analysis-about-an-infrequent-but-not-rare-complication-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Francesco Caruso, Giovanni Cesana, Laura Lomaglio, Stefano Cioffi, Francesca Ciccarese, Matteo Uccelli, Stefano Olmi
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is considered a rare and potentially fatal complication of bariatric surgery. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most performed bariatric procedures in the world. PMVT in LSG was first reported in 2009 by Berthet et al. in a thrombophilic patient. No data exist regarding the real prevalence of this complication specifically after LSG. METHODS: We examined retrospectively all the clinical records of patients who underwent LSG for morbid obesity from January 2011 to December 2016...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596038/predictors-of-30-day-postoperative-major-adverse-clinical-events-after-carotid-artery-stenting-an-analysis-of-the-procedure-targeted-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#16
Kyla M Bennett, John R Hoch, John E Scarborough
BACKGROUND: Information about carotid artery stenting (CAS) is largely derived from clinical trials, consensus statements, and outcomes comparisons between CAS and carotid endarterectomy. Given these limitations, the goal of this study was to identify risk factors for adverse outcomes after CAS among hospitals participating in the CAS-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP). METHODS: Our study sample consisted of patients from the 2012 to 2015 CAS-targeted ACS NSQIP data set...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593861/challenges-behind-proving-efficacy-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-preoperative-chemoradiation-for-rectal-cancer
#17
REVIEW
Carlos Carvalho, Rob Glynne-Jones
For patients with high-risk stage II or stage III colon cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidine monotherapy reduces the risk of recurrence and death by approximately 20-30%. Additional improvements have been reported in three phase 3 colon cancer trials when oxaliplatin was added to the chemoradiation regimen, although the effect was mainly on disease-free survival. However, patients with rectal cancer were specifically excluded from these landmark studies because of potential toxicity and the confounding impact of radiotherapy and chemoradiation...
June 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592193/permanent-chronotropic-impairment-after-closure-of-atrial-or-ventricular-septal-defect
#18
Johan Heiberg, Camilla Nyboe, Vibeke E Hjortdal
OBJECTIVES: Atrial and ventricular septal defects are commonly closed surgically with low rates of post-operative morbidity, and the long-term outcome has widely been described as benign. Nevertheless, there is an increasing understanding of late morbidity, and the possibility of postoperative chronotropic impairment is continuously questioned. Furthermore, potentially abnormal chronotropic responses may be associated with the recently demonstrated overrepresentation of late arrhythmias...
June 8, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591762/current-trends-in-breast-augmentation-an-international-analysis
#19
Paul I Heidekrueger, Sammy Sinno, David A Hidalgo, Martín Colombo, P Niclas Broer
Background: Breast augmentation surgery remains the most frequently performed aesthetic surgical procedure worldwide. However, many variations exist regarding preoperative planning, surgical management, and postoperative care. Objectives: The goal was to evaluate current trends and practices in breast augmentation, with a focus on international variability. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to over 5000 active breast surgeons in 44 countries worldwide...
June 7, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591030/pancreatic-carcinosarcoma-mimics-malignant-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Bing-Qi Li, Qiao-Fei Liu, Xiao-Yan Chang, Ya Hu, Jie Chen, Jun-Chao Guo
RATIONALE: Carcinosarcoma, an extremely rare pancreatic primary tumor, is characterized by coexistence of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. Due to its rarity, the clinical manifestation and imaging features have not been recognized. An accurate diagnostic method has not been available and a widely accepted guidelines instructing treatment has not been established. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present an uncommon case of pancreatic carcinosarcoma (PCS) which has been preoperatively diagnosed as pancreatic malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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