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Kandasamy Saravanakumar, Ramachandran Chelliah, Sabarathinam Shanmugam, Nipun Babu Varukattu, Deog-Hwan Oh, Kandasamy Kathiresan, Myeong-Hyeon Wang
This article reports the utilization of seed extract (GSE) from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis. in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Gs-AgNPs) with versatile biological activities. The synthesized Gs-AgNPs were spherical in shape, crystal lattice with an average size of 20 nm as confirmed by UV-vis spectrum, X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy with Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (TEM-EDS) and particle size analyses (PSA). Phenolic compounds, proteins, and terpenoids were likely involved in the Gs-AgNPs synthesis, as indicated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Katarzyna A Wolny-Koładka, Dagmara K Malina
The aim of this study was to assess bactericidal properties of nanosilver obtained with ascorbic acid (vitamin C) as a reducing substance, against environmental strains of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli). Silver nanoparticles were obtained by a simple and fast method of chemical reduction in mild synthesis condition using substrates not classified as dangerous and commonly found in plants. Bacterial susceptibility to nanosilver was determined using the disk-diffusion method...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Mohamed E Mahmoud, Ebitasem A Saad, Ahmed M El-Khatib, Mohamed A Soliman, Elhassan A Allam, Nesma A Fekry
A comparative study between two nanosorbents, nanopolyaniline (NPANI) and nanopolyaniline coated with nanosilver oxide (NPANI-NAg2 O) is explored to dispose the divalent species of Zn/Co from water and radioactive isotopes 65 Zn/60 Co from radioactive wastewater using batch and column techniques. NPANI-NAg2 O nanocomposite was synthesized via solid-solid reaction. Characterization was achieved using FT-IR, TGA, XRD, SEM, HR-TEM, and surface area analysis. The images of SEM and HR-TEM confirmed the success of the modification process and the particle size was found in the range 28...
May 25, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Biplab Sarkar, Suresh K Verma, Javed Akhtar, Surya Prakash Netam, Sanjay Kr Gupta, Pritam Kumar Panda, Koel Mukherjee
With the enhancement of commercial manifestation of silver nanoparticles, concerned has risen on their accumulation in aquatic system and consequent effects on fish development and metabolism. In this study, experiments were conducted to assess the impacts of silver nanoparticles on early life cycles of fish considering Zebrafish (Danio rerio) as experimental model. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized through chemical reduction method and characterized through UV-visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and HR-TEM...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Jennifer Therkorn, Leonardo Calderon, Benton Cartledge, Nirmala Thomas, Brian Majestic, Gediminas Mainelis
The ability of nanotechnology-enabled consumer sprays to inactivate bacteria has direct health implications. This research investigated the ability of six nanosilver-based consumer sprays to inactivate bacteria. We determined the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the products by an agar dilution method, collected particles released from sprays onto bacterial films using impactors, and determined metal concentrations in the products using ICPMS. Also, the size of silver nanoparticles in the products' suspensions was determined using single particle (sp)ICPMS...
February 1, 2018: Environmental Science. Nano
Pengfei Wei, Zuoying Yuan, Qing Cai, Jianping Mao, Xiaoping Yang
Bone defect repair, especially in terms of infection, remains a big challenge in clinical therapy. To meet clinical requirements, the dual-functional strategy including antibacterial activity and strong osteogenesis effect is a promising approach in bone tissue engineering. In the present study, bioresorbable porous-structured microspheres are fabricated from amphiphilic block copolymer composed of poly(l-lactide) and poly(ethyl glycol) blocks. After being surface coated with mussel-inspired polydopamine, the microspheres are loaded with nanosilver via reduction of silver nitrate and apatite via biomineralization in sequence...
May 11, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Young Suk Choi, Heui-Chul Gwak, Jae Keun Park, Ji Yun Lim, Eui Dong Yeo, Eunseok Park, Junyong Kim, Young Koo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Silver nanoparticle (AgNP)-containing dressings are used worldwide for the treatment of wounds; however, many studies have indicated that AgNPs are toxic to humans and cause cell death, primarily via apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the investigators compare the apoptotic effects of various AgNP dressing materials, with the hypothesis that nanosilver would be less toxic than ionic silver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the in vivo experiments, Sprague-Dawley (SD) and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were treated with 5 dressing materials: Aquacel Ag (product A, silver ion; ConvaTec, Berkshire, UK), Acticoat (product B, AgNP; Smith & Nephew, Fort Worth, TX), Medifoam Silver (product C, silver ion; Genewel Science Co Ltd, Seongnam, South Korea), PolyMem Silver (product D, AgNP; Ferris Mfg Corp, Fort Worth, TX), and Vaseline-impregnated dressing gauze (control; Unilever, London, UK)...
April 13, 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Manuel Ahumada, Cornelia Bohne, Jessy Oake, Emilio I Alarcon
We studied the effect of human serum albumin protein capped spherical nanosilver on the nanoparticle stability upon peroxyl radical oxidation. The nanoparticle-protein composite is less prone to oxidation compared to the individual components. However, higher concentrations of hydrogen peroxide were formed in the nanoparticle-protein system.
May 3, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Y Xue, J Wang, Y Huang, X Gao, L Kong, T Zhang, M Tang
Silver nanoparticles are used in many commercial products in daily life. Exposure to nanosilver has hepatotoxic effects in animals. This study investigated the cytotoxicity associated with polyvinylpyrrolidone-coated nanosilver (23.44 ± 4.92 nm in diameter) exposure in the human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) and normal hepatic cell line (L02), and the molecular mechanisms induced by nanosilver in HepG2 cells. Nanosilver, in doses of 20-160 μg mL-1 for 24 and 48 h, reduced cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner and induced cell membrane leakage and mitochondria injury in both cell lines; these effects were more pronounced in HepG2 cells than in L02 cells...
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Barbara Różalska, Beata Sadowska, Aleksandra Budzyńska, Przemysław Bernat, Sylwia Różalska
Due to low efficacy of classic antimicrobial drugs, finding new active preparations attracts much attention. In this study an innovative, cost-effective and environmentally friendly method was applied to produce silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using filamentous fungi Metarhizium robertsii biomass waste. It was shown that these NPs possess prominent antifungal effects against C. albicans, C. glabrata and C. parapsilosis reference strains. Further detailed studies were performed on C. albicans ATCC 90028. AgNPs kill curve (CFU method and esterase-mediated reduction of fluorescein diacetate); fractionally inhibitory concentration index (FICI) with fluconazole (FLC); effect on fungal cell membrane permeability (propidium iodide (PI) staining), membrane lipids profile (HPLC-MS), yeast morphotypes and intracellular reactive oxygen species level (H2DCFDA probe) were investigated...
2018: PloS One
Narjes Nemati Dil, Mohammad Sadeghi
The present work involves the synthesis of porous gelatin/AcA (PGE-AcA) hydrogel and novel porous gelatin-silver/AcA (NPGESNC-AcA) nanocomposite hydrogel, and their ability as effective biosorbents for the removal of Cu2+ ions from contaminated water. The formation of the samples was confirmed by UV-Vis, TEM, SEM, EDX, DLS, AFM, XRD, TGA/DTG and FTIR techniques. The adsorption studies results showed that maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of copper ions for PGE-AcA was achieved about 130.50 mg g-1 in pH 6...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Svetlana V Fedorenko, Svetlana L Grechkina, Alsu R Mukhametshina, Anastasiya O Solovieva, Tatiana N Pozmogova, Svetlana M Miroshnichenko, Alexander Y Alekseev, Michael A Shestopalov, Kirill V Kholin, Irek R Nizameev, Asiya R Mustafina
The present work introduces composite luminescent nanoparticles (Ag0 -Tb3+ -SNs), where ultra-small nanosilver (4 ± 2 nm) is deposited onto amino-modified silica nanoparticles (35±6 nm) doped by green luminescent Tb(III) complexes. Ag0 -Tb3+ -SNs are able to image cancer (Hep-2) cells in confocal microscopy measurements due to efficient cell internalization, which is confirmed by TEM images of the Hep-2 cells exposed by Ag0 -Tb3+ -SNs. Comparative analysis of the cytotoxicity of normal fibroblasts (DK-4) and cancer cells (Hep-2) incubated with various concentrations of Ag0 -Tb3+ -SNs revealed the concentration range where the toxic effect on the cancer cells is significant, while it is insignificant towards the nonmalignant fibroblasts cells...
May 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Maysa A Elsayed, Abdelmageed M Othman, Mohamed M Hassan, Ali M Elshafei
The fungal-mediated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) biosynthesis optimization via the application of central composite design (CCD) response surface to develop an effective ecofriendly and inexpensive green process was the aim of the current study. Nanosilver biosynthesis using the Aspergillus niger NRC1731 cell-free filtrate (CFF) was studied through involving the most parameters affecting the AgNPs green synthesis and its interactions effects. The statistical optimization models showed that using 59.37% of CFF in reaction containing 1...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Hanan B Ahmed, Hossam E Emam, Hamada M Mashaly, Mohamed Rehan
The current approach focuses on studying the leverage of nanosilver (AgNPs) incorporation on the dyeing process of viscose fibers by blue reactive dye. Nanosilver was straightway incorporated into viscose fibers using sodium citrate as nanogenerator. Owing to AgNPs incorporation, color of fibers was turned to greenish-blue and darker greenish color was observed with low Ag content (<1 g/kg). Regardless to the processes sequencing, color strength of fibers was magnified by increasing in Ag content. The constancy of fibers color was not affected by AgNPs inclusion, whatever the processes sequencing and Ag content...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Adriano Magesky, Émilien Pelletier
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) incorporation in commercial products is increasing due to their remarkable physical and chemical properties and their low cost on the market. Silver has been known for a long time to be highly toxic to bacterial communities, aquatic organisms, and particularly to marine biota. Strong chloro-complexes dominate Ag speciation in seawater and facilitate its persistence in dissolved form. It has a great impact on marine organisms because low concentration of silver can lead to strong bioaccumulation, partly because the neutral silver chloro complex (AgCl0 ) is highly bioavailable...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Merisa B Faiz, Rose Amal, Christopher P Marquis, Elizabeth J Harry, Georgios A Sotiriou, Scott A Rice, Cindy Gunawan
Nanosilver (Ag NPs) is currently one of the most commercialized antimicrobial nanoparticles with as yet, still unresolved cytotoxicity origins. To date, research efforts have mostly described the antimicrobial contribution from the leaching of soluble silver, while the undissolved solid Ag particulates are often considered as being microbiologically inert, serving only as source of the cytotoxic Ag ions. Here, we show the rapid stimulation of lethal cellular oxidative stress in bacteria by the presence of the undissolved Ag particulates...
April 2018: Nanotoxicology
Zhonghua Huang, Mengkun Li, Na Li, Xinyuan Tang, Zhiyu Ouyang
Membrane technology is now being widely used in the field of water treatment for its unique advantages. Layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technique is a convenient and versatile method of modified nanofiltration (NF) membranes fabrication, which can be used to control the thickness and the surface properties of membranes by chemical deposition of polyelectrolytes. Herein, a new kind of composite NF membrane with enhanced antibacterial properties was successfully fabricated through LbL self-assembly method, having polyether sulfone (PES) ultrafiltration (UF) membrane as support layer, N-[(2-hydroxy-3-trimethylammonium)propyl] chloride chitosan (HTCC) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) as active layer, and epichlorohydrin (ECH) as crosslinking reagent...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Shahid Ullah Khan, Tawfik A Saleh, Abdul Wahab, Muhammad Hafeez Ullah Khan, Dilfaraz Khan, Wasim Ullah Khan, Abdur Rahim, Sajid Kamal, Farman Ullah Khan, Shah Fahad
Silver nanotechnology has received tremendous attention in recent years, owing to its wide range of applications in various fields and its intrinsic therapeutic properties. In this review, an attempt is made to critically evaluate the chemical, physical, and biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as well as their efficacy in the field of theranostics including microbiology and parasitology. Moreover, an outlook is also provided regarding the performance of AgNPs against different biological systems such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites (leishmanial and malarial parasites) in curing certain fatal human diseases, with a special focus on cancer...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Sabine Juling, Linda Böhmert, Dajana Lichtenstein, Axel Oberemm, Otto Creutzenberg, Andreas F Thünemann, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen
The presence of nano-scaled particles in food and food-related products has drawn attention to the oral uptake of nanoparticles and their interactions with biological systems. In the present study, we used a toxicoproteomics approach to allow for the untargeted experimental identification and comparative analysis of cellular responses in rat liver after repeated-dose treatment with silver nanoparticles, ions, and the coating matrix used for particle stabilization. The proteomic analysis revealed treatment-related effects caused by exposure to silver in particulate and ionic form...
March 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Maryam Shirdel, Hossein Tajik, Mehran Moradi
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate antimicrobial and biofilm removal potential of Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZEO) and silver nanoparticle (SNP) alone and in combination on Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella Typhimurium and evaluate the mechanism of action. Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), and optimal inhibitory combination (OIC) of ZEO and SNP were determined according to fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) method. Biofilm removal potential and leakage pattern of 260-nm absorbing material from the bacterial cell during exposure to the compounds were also investigated...
December 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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