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lauric acid

Jie Cai, Qiu-Yun Zhang, Fang-Fang Wei, Jin-Shu Huang, Yun-Mei Feng, Hai-Tao Ma, Yutao- Zhang
Copper (II) containing phosphomolybdic acid (PMA) catalysts were synthesized by ion exchange method and characterization using various physico-chemical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric (TG) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The characterization results showed that the Keggin ions were retained in the catalysts and possessed well thermal stability. The catalytic esterification of lauric acid with methanol could be easily achieved about 78...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Ce Qi, Jin Sun, Yuan Xia, Renqiang Yu, Wei Wei, Jingying Xiang, Qingzhe Jin, Hang Xiao, Xingguo Wang
Fatty acid (FA) is the major energy resource in breast milk, which is important for infant development. FAs profiles with sn-2 positional preference were an important part of triacylglycerols due to their better availability. This profile is still not replicated in artificial formulas. This study quantified the FAs profile of total and sn-2 position in human breast milk samples from 103 healthy volunteers during colostrum, transitional, and mature stages. Multicomponent analysis showed significant differences in FAs profiles of different lactation periods, due to that with relative percentage less than 1%...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Shengxin Liu, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Ivonne Sluijs
PURPOSE: The association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFA) intake and type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains unclear. This study aimed at investigating the association between SFA intake and T2D risk based on (1) individual SFA (differing in carbon chain length), (2) food sources of SFA and (3) the substituting macronutrients. METHODS: 37,421 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) cohort were included in this study...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Zhigao Niu, Eleni Samaridou, Emilie Jaumain, Julie Coëne, Gabriela Ullio, Neha Shrestha, Josep Garcia, Matilde Durán-Lobato, Sulay Tovar, Manuel J Santander-Ortega, M Victoria Lozano, M Mar Arroyo-Jiménez, Rocío Ramos-Membrive, Iván Peñuelas, Aloïse Mabondzo, Véronique Préat, Meritxell Teixidó, Ernest Giralt, María José Alonso
The objective of this work was the development of a new drug nanocarrier intended to overcome the barriers associated to the oral modality of administration and to assess its value for the systemic or local delivery of peptides. The nanocarrier was rationally designed taking into account the nature of the intestinal barriers and was loaded with insulin, which was selected as a model peptide. The nanocarrier consisted of a nanocomplex between insulin and a hydrophobically-modified cell penetrating peptide (CPP), enveloped by a protecting polymer...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yanhui Feng, Runzhi Wei, Zhi Huang, Xinxin Zhang, Ge Wang
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) filled with lauric acid (LA) as a kind of shape-stabilized phase change material were prepared and their structures and phase change properties were characterized. The results showed that the melting point and latent heat of LA confined in carbon nanotubes were lower than those of the bulk material, and both decrease as the diameters of CNTs and the filling ratios of LA decrease. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations indicated that LA molecules form a liquid layer near pore walls and crystallize at the pore center...
March 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Wei Yang, Maaria Katariina Kortesniemi, Baoru Yang, Jie Zheng
Cyanidin-3-O-galactoside (cy-gal) isolated from alpine bearberry (Arctostaphylos alpina) was enzymatically acylated with saturated fatty acids of different chain lengths with Candida antarctica lipase immobilized on acrylic resin (Novozyme 435). The acylation reaction was optimized by considering reaction medium, acyl donor, substrate molar ratio, reaction temperature and reaction time. The highest conversion yields of 73% was obtained by reacting cy-gal with lauric acid (molar ratio, 1:10) in tert-butanol at 60 °C for 72 h...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
A Bedford, H Yu, M Hernandez, E J Squires, S Leeson, J Gong
Butyric acid is the primary energy source for colonocytes, and has shown potential as an alternative to in-feed antibiotics, due to its antimicrobial activity and positive effects on production performance traits of broiler chickens. SILOhealth 104 (SILO S.P.A., Florence, Italy) is a commercial product mainly containing mono- and di-glycerides of butyrate with a small portion of propionic, caprylic, capric, and lauric acid mono- and di-glycerides. Its effects on broiler performance and carcass composition have yet to be evaluated...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
Alexandra R Lewis, Xin Wang, Laurice Magdalani, Paolo D'Arienzo, Colsom Bashir, Was Mansoor, Richard Hubner, Juan W Valle, Mairéad G McNamara
AIM: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety, depression, and impulsivity scores in patients with and without carcinoid syndrome (CS), and correlated them with serum 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels. METHODS: Patients with advanced gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEPNET), with and without CS completed HRQoL QLQ-C30 and QLQ-GI.NET21, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) questionnaires...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Xuan Zhou, Marc J A Stevens, Stefan Neuenschwander, Angela Schwarm, Michael Kreuzer, Anna Bratus-Neuenschwander, Johanna O Zeitz
OBJECTIVE: Lauric acid (C12 ) is a medium-chain fatty acid that inhibits growth and production of the greenhouse gas methane by rumen methanogens such as Methanobrevibacter ruminantium. To understand the inhibitory mechanism of C12 , a transcriptome analysis was performed in M. ruminantium strain M1 (DSM 1093) using RNA-Seq. RESULTS: Pure cell cultures in the exponential growth phase were treated with 0.4 mg/ml C12 , dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), for 1 h and transcriptomic changes were compared to DMSO-only treated cells (final DMSO concentration 0...
February 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Xiaofei Song, Yibing Cai, Cong Huang, Ying Gu, Junhao Zhang, Hui Qiao, Qufu Wei
A novel form-stable phase change materials (FSPCMs) was fabricated by incorporating fatty acid eutectics with electrospun carbon nanofibers (CNFs) surface-attached with copper (Cu) nanoparticles. Three different Cu/CNFs mats were made through combining the technique and principle of electrospinning, pre-oxidation/carbonization and in-situ reduction, while lauric-myristic-stearic acid (LA-MA-SA) ternary eutectic mixture was prepared as the model PCM. The morphology and crystal structure of Cu/CNFs were characterized by Fourier transfer infrared (FT-IR) spectra, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), respectively...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Matheus Oliveira da Silva, Marcella Lemos Brettas Carneiro, Joseílma Luciana Neves Siqueira, Sônia Nair Báo, Aparecido Ribeiro de Souza
In this study, we report the synthesis and characterization of a new rhodium(II) succinate complex (Rh2(suc)4) and its immobilization on lauric acid bilayer-coated maghemite nanoparticles (MGH-2L/Rh2(suc)4) and subsequent adsorption with bovine serum albumin (MGH-2L/Rh2(suc)4/BSA). Rh2(suc)4 has been characterized by elemental analysis, potentiometric titration, TGA, MS, FTIR and UV-Vis analysis. The maghemite phase was confirmed by XRD, and a diameter of 10 nm was obtained by Sherrer equation. The VSM experiment showed superparamagnetic properties...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Beatrice Albertini, Cecilia Melegari, Serena Bertoni, Luisa Stella Dolci, Nadia Passerini
The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and the capability of a novel ethylcellulose-based dry-coating system to obtain prolonged and stable release profiles of caffeine-loaded pellets. Lauric and oleic acids at a suitable proportion were used to plasticize ethylcellulose. The effect of coating level, percentage of drug loading, inert core particle size, and composition of the coating formulation including the anti-sticking agent on the drug release profile were fully investigated. A coating level of 15% w/w was the maximum layered amount which could modify the drug release...
February 13, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Ashish V Mohod, Parag R Gogate
Lipids are considered as one of the most crucial nutrients for humans and among the various classes, medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are considered as the most important functional foods and nutraceuticals. The present work deals with the intensification of synthesis of MCTs at a large capacity of 4L based on the use of ultrasonic bath and ultrasonic longitudinal horn. The effect of operating parameters like molar ratio of the reactants, type of catalyst and catalyst loading as well as the temperature on the extent of conversion has been investigated...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Massimiliano Perduca, Stefania Nicolis, Barbara Mannucci, Monica Galliano, Hugo L Monaco
RBP4 (plasma retinol-binding protein) is the 21 kDa transporter of all-trans retinol that circulates in plasma as a moderately tight 1:1 molar complex of the vitamin with the protein. RBP4 is primarily synthesized in the liver but is also produced by adipose tissue and circulates bound to a larger protein, transthyretin, TTR, that serves to increase its molecular mass and thus avoid its elimination by glomerular filtration. This paper reports the high resolution three-dimensional structures of human RBP4 naturally lacking bound retinol purified from plasma, urine and amniotic fluid...
January 31, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Cristina Caleja, Lillian Barros, João C M Barreira, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Ricardo C Calhelha, M Beatriz, P P Oliveira, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) and its extracts have been frequently reported as possessing bioactive properties, offering the potential for use in development/enrichment of food products with additional functional capabilities, providing health benefits to consumers. The antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activity of lemon balm extract, as well as its potential hepatotoxicity were thoroughly evaluated. The extracts were then incorporated into cupcakes and their preserving effect, chemical composition, colour parameters and antioxidant activity were compared with those provided by potassium sorbate...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Imeddedine Arbi Nehdi, Hassen Mohamed Sbihi, Chin Ping Tan, Umer Rashid, Saud Ibrahim Al-Resayes
This investigation aimed to evaluate the chemical composition and physicochemical properties of seed oils from 6 date palm (Phoenix. dactylifera L.) cultivars (Barhi, Khalas, Manifi, Rezeiz, Sulaj, and Sukkari) growing in Saudi Arabia and to compare them with conventional palm olein. The mean oil content of the seeds was about 7%. Oleic acid (48.67%) was the main fatty acid, followed by lauric acid (17.26%), stearic acid (10.74%), palmitic acid (9.88%), and linolenic acid (8.13%). The mean value for free fatty acids content was 0...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Amita Devi, B S Khatkar
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of fatty acid composition and microstructure properties of fats and oils on the textural properties of cookie dough and quality attributes of cookies. Fatty acid composition and microstructure properties of six fats and oils (butter, hydrogenated fat, palm oil, coconut oil, groundnut oil, and sunflower oil) were analyzed. Sunflower oil was found to be the most unsaturated oil with 88.39% unsaturated fatty acid content. Coconut oil and palm oil differed from other fats and oils by having an appreciable amount of lauric acid (59...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Yeon Jung Choi, Yuanyuan Zhou, Ji-Yoon Lee, Chang Seon Ryu, Young Ho Kim, Kiho Lee, Sang Kyum Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Sarah M Kozak, Stephanie R B Brown, Yustyna Bobak, Dennis J D'Amico
Dairy product recalls and dairy-related illnesses are often the result of contamination with Listeria monocytogenes, which can occur throughout the dairy production and supply chains. The use of antimicrobial compounds is one practical approach for controlling pathogen survival and growth in foods. The goal of this study was to use fluid milk as a model system to identify listeristatic or listericidal treatments that show promise for application in fluid milk and for further evaluation in other dairy products (e...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Gordon S Lee, Yijun Pan, Martin J Scanlon, Christopher J H Porter, Joseph A Nicolazzo
The purpose of this study was to examine the involvement of fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5), a lipid binding protein expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), in fatty acid and drug uptake into human brain endothelial cells. Following transfection with siRNA against hFABP5, human brain endothelial cell (hCMEC/D3) uptake of lipophilic ligands with varying affinity to FABP5 was assessed with intracellular concentrations quantified by liquid scintillation counting, HPLC or LCMS/MS. The in situ BBB transport of [3H]-diazepam was also assessed in wild type (WT) and FABP5-deficient mice...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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