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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936872/characterization-of-lipophilized-monomeric-and-oligomeric-grape-seed-flavan-3-ol-derivatives
#1
Mingshun Chen, Shu-Juan Yu
Grape seed proanthocyanidins, compose of flavan-3-ols of different degree of polymerization, are natural food antioxidant. Flavan-3-ols in grape seed are usually polyhydroxy derivatives which exhibiting hydrophilic character. Monomeric and oligomeric flavan-3-ols were modified structurally to improve their lipophilicity, expand their application in lipophilic media, and enhance their cellular absorption in the body. Esterification of the water-soluble flavan-3-ols was prepared by Lipozyme TL IM with lauric acid, and their enhanced lipophilicity was confirmed by 1-octanol/water partition coefficient...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925980/changes-in-fatty-acid-composition-of-human-milk-in-response-to-cold-like-symptoms-in-the-lactating-mother-and-infant
#2
Andrew S Gardner, Ibrahim A Rahman, Ching T Lai, Anna Hepworth, Naomi Trengove, Peter E Hartmann, Donna T Geddes
Infants rely on their innate immune systems to protect them from infection. Human milk (HM) contains fatty acids (FAs) and monoacylglycerols that are known to exhibit antiviral and antibacterial properties in vitro. The specific fat content of HM may potentially affect the efficacy of this antimicrobial activity. This preliminary study investigates whether the proportions of FA in HM change in response to infections, leading to cold-like symptoms in the mother or infant. Milk samples were obtained from mothers (n = 26) when they and their infants were healthy, and when mother, infant, or both suffered cold-like symptoms...
September 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924490/the-lauric-acid-activated-signaling-prompts-apoptosis-in-cancer-cells
#3
Rosamaria Lappano, Anna Sebastiani, Francesca Cirillo, Damiano Cosimo Rigiracciolo, Giulia Raffaella Galli, Rosita Curcio, Roberta Malaguarnera, Antonino Belfiore, Anna Rita Cappello, Marcello Maggiolini
The saturated medium-chain fatty-acid lauric acid (LA) has been associated to certain health-promoting benefits of coconut oil intake, including the improvement of the quality of life in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy. As it concerns the potential to hamper tumor growth, LA was shown to elicit inhibitory effects only in colon cancer cells. Here, we provide novel insights regarding the molecular mechanisms through which LA triggers antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in both breast and endometrial cancer cells...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915943/derivatization-enhanced-separation-and-sensitivity-of-long-chain-free-fatty-acids-application-to-asthma-using-targeted-and-non-targeted-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-approach
#4
Xiqing Bian, Baoqing Sun, Peiyan Zheng, Na Li, Jian-Lin Wu
Long chain-free fatty acids (LCFFAs) play pivotal roles in various physiological functions, like inflammation, insulin resistance, hypertension, immune cell behavior and other biological activities. However, the detection is obstructed by the low contents, structural diversity, high structural similarity, and matrix interference. Herein, a fast cholamine-derivatization, within 1 min at room temperature, coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) approach was developed to determine LCFFAs in complex samples...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912830/in-vitro-oxidative-decarboxylation-of-free-fatty-acids-to-terminal-alkenes-by-two-new-p450-peroxygenases
#5
Huifang Xu, Linlin Ning, Wenxia Yang, Bo Fang, Cong Wang, Yun Wang, Jian Xu, Severine Collin, Frederic Laeuffer, Laurent Fourage, Shengying Li
BACKGROUND: P450 fatty acid decarboxylases represented by the unusual CYP152 peroxygenase family member OleTJE have been receiving great attention recently since these P450 enzymes are able to catalyze the simple and direct production of 1-alkenes for potential applications in biofuels and biomaterials. To gain more mechanistic insights, broader substrate spectra, and improved decarboxylative activities, it is demanded to discover and investigate more P450 fatty acid decarboxylases. RESULTS: Here, we describe for the first time the expression, purification, and in vitro biochemical characterization of two new CYP152 peroxygenases, CYP-Aa162 and CYP-Sm46Δ29, that are capable of decarboxylating straight-chain saturated fatty acids...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899400/impact-of-combined-sodium-chloride-and-saturated-long-chain-fatty-acid-challenge-on-the-differentiation-of-t-helper-cells-in-neuroinflammation
#6
Anna Hammer, Anne Schliep, Stefanie Jörg, Aiden Haghikia, Ralf Gold, Markus Kleinewietfeld, Dominik N Müller, Ralf A Linker
BACKGROUND: There has been a marked increase in the incidence of autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) in the last decades which is most likely driven by a change in environmental factors. Here, growing evidence suggests that ingredients of a Western diet like high intake of sodium chloride (NaCl) or saturated fatty acids may impact systemic immune responses, thus increasing disease susceptibility. Recently, we have shown that high dietary salt or long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) intake indeed aggravates T helper (Th) cell responses and neuroinflammation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895716/a-synthesis-free-phase-selective-gelator-for-oil-spill-remediation
#7
Yaowen Cui, Mei-Chun Li, Qinglin Wu, John A Pojman, Daniel G Kuroda
A new deep eutectic solvent (DES) was developed as a phase selective gelator for oil-spill remediation. The newly designed non-ionic DES is based on a combination of an amide (N-methylacetamide) and a long chain carboxylic acid (lauric acid) and does not require any synthetic procedure besides mixing. Our studies show that the DES works as gelator by forming a gel between lauric acid and the hydrocarbon, while the amide serves to form the DES and dissolves in water during the gelation process. In addition, the DES material has gelation properties comparable to those considered as state-of-the-art...
September 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886572/myristic-acid-in-amniotic-fluid-produces-appetitive-responses-in-human-newborns
#8
Ana G Gutiérrez-García, Carlos M Contreras, Cynthia Díaz-Marte
BACKGROUND: A mixture of eight fatty acids (lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, elaidic acid, and linoleic acid) that are contained in human amniotic fluid, colostrum, and milk produces appetitive responses in newborns, suggesting the existence of a transition of sensorial cues that guide newborns to the maternal breast. OBJECTIVE: To explore the ability of each of these eight fatty acids individually to produce appetitive responses in newborns...
September 5, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870290/the-yeast-like-fungus-aureobasidium-thailandense-lb01-produces-a-new-biosurfactant-using-olive-oil-mill-wastewater-as-an-inducer
#9
Dayana P Meneses, Eduardo J Gudiña, Fabiano Fernandes, Luciana R B Gonçalves, Lígia R Rodrigues, Sueli Rodrigues
In this study, the biosurfactant production by an Aureobasidium thailandense LB01 was reported for the first time. Different agro-industrial by-products (corn steep liquor, sugarcane molasses, and olive oil mill wastewater) were evaluated as alternative low-cost substrates. The composition of the culture medium was optimized through response surface methodology. The highest biosurfactant production (139±16mg/L) was achieved using a culture medium containing yeast extract (2g/L); olive oil mill wastewater (1...
November 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864393/biosorbents-based-on-esterified-starch-carrying-immobilized-oil-degrading-microorganisms
#10
D V Tarabukin, M A Torlopov, T N Shchemelinina, E M Anchugova, N N Shergina, E I Istomina, V A Belyy
The complex sorbents based on hydrophobized starch, which contain oil-degrading microorganisms, have been proposed for effective sorption and utilization of petroleum-related pollutants. The sorbents were made on the base of benzoic, lauric and stearic acid esters of starch with degrees of substitution of 0.4-1.1. The esterification of starch was carried out by the reaction with acyl chlorides of the corresponding acids in an aqueous-organic medium. The structure of the esters was studied by SEM, IR and NMR spectroscopy...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857547/deoxygenation-of-palmitic-and-lauric-acids-over-pt-zif-67-membrane-zeolite-5a-bead-catalysts
#11
Liqiu Yang, Moises A Carreon
The deoxygenation of palmitic and lauric acids over 0.5 wt % Pt/ZIF-67 membrane/zeolite 5A bead catalysts is demonstrated. Almost complete conversion (% deoxygenation of ≥95%) of these two fatty acids was observed over both fresh and recycled catalyst after a 2 h reaction time. The catalysts displayed high selectivity to pentadecane and undecane via decarboxylation reaction pathway even at low 0.5 wt % Pt loading. Selectivity to pentadecane and undecane as high as ∼92% and ∼94% was observed under CO2 atmosphere when palmitic and lauric acids were used respectively as reactants...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852780/optimization-of-total-vaporization-solid-phase-microextraction-tv-spme-for-the-determination-of-lipid-profiles-of-phormia-regina-a-forensically-important-blow-fly-species
#12
William Kranz, Clinton Carroll, Darren Dixon, Christine Picard, John Goodpaster
A new method has been developed for the determination of fatty acids, sterols, and other lipids which naturally occur within pupae of the blow fly Phormia regina. The method relies upon liquid extraction in non-polar solvent, followed by derivatization using N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) w/ 1% trimethylchlorsilane (TMCS) carried out inside the sample vial. The analysis is facilitated by total vaporization solid-phase microextraction (TV-SPME), with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) serving as the instrumentation for analysis...
August 29, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777952/influence-of-fat-and-oil-type-on-the-yield-physico-chemical-properties-and-microstructure-of-fat-oil-and-grease-fog-deposits
#13
Dann Marie N Del Mundo, Manote Sutheerawattananonda
Fat, oil, and grease (FOG) deposit, in the form of calcium soap, was found to cause sanitary sewer overflows due to its adhesion on pipe walls. To address this problem, laboratory-prepared calcium soaps have been used to investigate the formation mechanisms of FOG deposits. However, the fats and oils previously utilized were limited and some soap characteristics were not examined. This research attempted to probe through the properties of calcium soaps prepared from calcium chloride and the fats and oils of chicken, pork, palm olein, soybean, olive, and coconut to further understand FOG formation and stability...
July 21, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774020/a-study-on-a-novel-phase-change-material-panel-based-on-tetradecanol-lauric-acid-expanded-perlite-aluminium-powder-for-building-heat-storage
#14
Enyu Wang, Xiangfei Kong, Xian Rong, Chengqiang Yao, Hua Yang, Chengying Qi
Phase change material (PCM) used in buildings can reduce the building energy consumption and indoor temperature fluctuation. A composite PCM has been fabricated by the binary eutectic mixture of tetradecanol (TD) and lauric acid (LA) absorbed into the expanded perlite (EP) using vacuum impregnation method, and its thermal conductivity was promoted by aluminium powder (AP) additive. Besides, the styrene-acrylic emulsion has been mixed with the composite PCM particles to form the protective film, so as to solve the problem of leakage...
November 5, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730958/engineering-synergistically-active-and-bioavailable-cost-effective-medicines-for-neglected-tropical-diseases-the-role-of-excipients
#15
Dolores R Serrano, Aikaterini Lalatsa, M Auxiliadora Dea-Ayuela
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease responsible for the ninth largest disease burden in the world threatening 350 million people mostly in developing countries. The lack of efficacy, severe adverse effects, long duration, high cost and parenteral administration of the current therapies result in poor patient compliance and emergence of resistance. Leishmaniasis' unmet need for safer, affordable and more effective treatments is only partly addressed by today's global health product pipeline that focuses on products amenable to rapid clinical development, mainly by reformulating or repurposing existing drugs for new uses...
July 19, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726488/use-of-an-electrostatic-spraying-system-or-the-sprayed-lethality-in-container-method-to-deliver-antimicrobial-agents-onto-the-surface-of-beef-subprimals-to-control-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli
#16
J Max Stella, John B Luchansky, Kelsey Miller, Bradley A Shoyer, Laura E Shane, Lianna McGeary, Manuela Osoria, Laura J Stahler, Nicholas J Sevart, Randall K Phebus, Harshavardhan Thippareddi, Anna C S Porto-Fett
The efficacy of an electrostatic spraying system (ESS) and/or the sprayed lethality in container (SLIC) method to deliver antimicrobial agents onto the surface of beef subprimals to reduce levels of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) was evaluated. Beef subprimals were surface inoculated (lean side; ca. 5.8 log CFU per subprimal) with 2 mL of an eight-strain cocktail comprising single strains of rifampin-resistant (100 μg/mL) STEC (O26:H11, O45:H2, O103:H2, O104:H4, O111:H(-), O121:H19, O145:NM, and O157:H7)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718686/kinetic-study-on-the-inhibition-of-xanthine-oxidase-by-acylated-derivatives-of-flavonoids-synthesised-enzymatically
#17
Maria Elisa Melo Branco de Araújo, Yollanda Edwirges Moreira Franco, Thiago Grando Alberto, Marcia Cristina Fernandes Messias, Camila Wielewski Leme, Alexandra Christine Helena Frankland Sawaya, Patricia de Oliveira Carvalho
Studies have reported that flavonoids inhibit xanthine oxidase (XO) activity; however, poor solubility and stability in lipophilic media limit their bioavailability and applications. This study evaluated the kinetic parameters of XO inhibition and partition coefficients of flavonoid esters biosynthesised from hesperidin, naringin, and rutin via enzymatic acylation with hexanoic, octanoic, decanoic, lauric, and oleic acids catalysed by Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB). Quantitative determination by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) showed higher conversion yields (%) for naringin and rutin esters using acyl donors with 8C and 10C...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693220/remodeling-of-energy-metabolism-by-a-ketone-body-and-medium-chain-fatty-acid-suppressed-the-proliferation-of-ct26-mouse-colon-cancer-cells
#18
Yui Kadochi, Shiori Mori, Rina Fujiwara-Tani, Yi Luo, Yukiko Nishiguchi, Shingo Kishi, Kiyomu Fujii, Hitoshi Ohmori, Hiroki Kuniyasu
Normal and cancerous cells are suggested to have differential utilization of fatty acids and ketone bodies, which could be exploited in cancer therapy. The present study examined the effect of 3-hydroxybutyric acid (3-HBA), which is a ketone body generating acetyl-CoA, and lauric acid (LAA, C12:0), which is a medium-chain saturated fatty acid translocated to mitochondria in a carnitine-independent manner to produce acetyl-CoA, on the energy metabolism of mouse CT26 colon cancer cells. In CT26 cells expressing 3-HBA and LAA transporters, 3-HBA and LAA reduced cell proliferation, mitochondrial volume and lactate production, and increased oxidative stress, particularly in low-glucose conditions...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691884/synergistic-antimicrobial-combinations-inhibit-and-inactivate-listeria-monocytogenes-in-neutral-and-acidic-broth-systems
#19
Sarah M Kozak, Kyle M Margison, Dennis J D'amico
The use of antimicrobial compounds can be an effective approach to control Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods, but it can also be limited by cost, restrictions on concentrations in foods, and potential changes to organoleptic properties. Combinatorial approaches that produce additive or synergistic effects allow for reductions in individual antimicrobial concentrations while achieving the same level of control. The present study determined the MIC and MBC of an antimicrobial compound when used alone or in binary combinations against L...
August 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660089/does-inhalation-of-virgin-coconut-oil-accelerate-reversal-of-airway-remodelling-in-an-allergic-model-of-asthma
#20
N A Kamalaldin, S A Sulaiman, M R Yusop, B Yahaya
Many studies have been done to evaluate the effect of various natural products in controlling asthma symptoms. Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is known to contain active compounds that have beneficial effects on human health and diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of VCO inhalation on airway remodelling in a rabbit model of allergic asthma. The effects of VCO inhalation on infiltration of airway inflammatory cells, airway structures, goblet cell hyperplasia, and cell proliferation following ovalbumin induction were evaluated...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
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