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Metatarsophalangeal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413452/ankle-and-toe-muscle-strength-characteristics-in-runners-with-a-history-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome
#1
Junya Saeki, Masatoshi Nakamura, Sayaka Nakao, Kosuke Fujita, Ko Yanase, Katsuyuki Morishita, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of flexor digitorum longus attachment is found at the posteromedial border of the tibia, which is the most common location of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). Therefore, plantar flexion strength of the lesser toes could be related to MTSS; however, the relationship between MTSS and muscle strength of the hallux and lesser toes is not yet evaluated due to the lack of quantitative methods. This study investigated the muscle strength characteristics in runners with a history of MTSS by using a newly developed device to measure the muscle strength of the hallux, lesser toes, and ankle...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410428/tuft1-a-novel-candidate-gene-for-metatarsophalangeal-osteoarthritis-plays-a-role-in-chondrogenesis-on-a-calcium-related-pathway
#2
Eeva Sliz, Mari Taipale, Maiju Welling, Sini Skarp, Viivi Alaraudanjoki, Jaakko Ignatius, Lloyd Ruddock, Ritva Nissi, Minna Männikkö
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disorder and genetic factors have been shown to have a significant role in its etiology. The first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP I) is highly susceptible to development of OA due to repetitive mechanical stress during walking. We used whole exome sequencing to study genetic defect(s) predisposing to familial early-onset bilateral MTP I OA inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. A nonsynonymous single nucleotide variant rs41310883 (c.524C>T, p...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399657/cadaveric-evaluation-of-dorsal-intermetatarsal-approach-for-plantar-plate-and-lateral-collateral-ligament-repair-of-the-lesser-metatarsophalangeal-joints
#3
Phinit Phisitkul, Vinay Hosuru Siddappa, Tinnart Sittapairoj, Jessica E Goetz, Bryan D Den Hartog, John E Femino
BACKGROUND: Access to the plantar plate has been described using either a plantar approach or an extensive dorsal approach that required complete joint destabilization and often a metatarsal osteotomy. Clinical scenarios related to plantar plate tear vary and the pathologies in early stages are frequently limited to unilateral soft tissue structures; a less invasive operative approach may be possible. A novel approach requiring a release of only the lateral collateral ligament and the lateral half of the plantar plate is presented in this cadaver model; the extent of joint exposure possible is described...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391704/effect-of-bipartite-hallucal-sesamoid-on-hallux-valgus-surgery
#4
Young Hwan Park, Chan Dong Jeong, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: Bipartite hallucal sesamoids are often found in patients with hallux valgus. However, it is unknown whether bipartite hallucal sesamoids affect the results of hallux valgus surgery or not. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the outcomes of chevron osteotomy for hallux valgus with and without bipartite hallucal sesamoid. METHODS: A total of 152 patients (168 feet) treated with distal or proximal chevron osteotomy for hallux valgus constituted the study cohort...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382375/-proximal-corrective-osteotomy-correction-of-hallux-valgus-deformity
#5
M Thomas, M Jordan
Severe symptomatic hallux valgus deformities are usually not treatable with conservative methods in the long-term. Surgical treatment currently aims for mechanical restitution of the first ray with preserved mobility of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP 1) joint and with low risk of recurrence after surgery. Keeping these aims in mind the surgical methods consist of osteotomy at the proximal part of the first metatarsal bone with a high potential for correction of the deformity. Surgical interventions at the midshaft level of the first metatarsal are only useful if the anatomical shape of the metatarsal shows a wide shaft, which allows a large shift in the osteotomy...
April 5, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370492/the-flexion-withdrawal-reflex-increases-in-premature-infants-at-22-26-weeks-of-gestation-due-to-changes-in-spinal-cord-excitability
#6
Kyriakos Martakis, Christoph Hünseler, Peter Herkenrath, Kruthika Thangavelu, Angela Kribs, Bernhard Roth
AIM: Our aim was to study the development of the cutaneous flexion withdrawal reflex among premature infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Children's Hospital, University of Cologne, in 2013. METHODOLOGY: This longitudinal cohort study explored the development of spinal cord excitability of 19 premature infants born at 22-26 weeks of gestation. We performed five investigations per subject and studied changes in the reflex threshold with increasing postnatal age at different behavioural states...
March 31, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367694/long-term-follow-up-of-arthrodesis-vs-total-joint-arthroplasty-for-hallux-rigidus
#7
Oliver D Stone, Robbie Ray, Colin E Thomson, J N Alastair Gibson
BACKGROUND: The optimal operative management of hallux rigidus is still a matter for debate among surgeons. Despite arthrodesis widely considered to be the gold standard treatment, many surgeons advocate arthroplasty as a suitable alternative. There are, however, few long-term or high-quality studies evaluating these modalities. We present the 15-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This data is the follow-up to the original study published in 2005...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367688/first-metatarsophalangeal-contact-properties-following-proximal-opening-wedge-and-scarf-osteotomies-for-hallux-valgus-correction-a-biomechanical-study
#8
Cameron Kia, Ryu Yoshida, Mark Cote, Jessica DiVenere, Lauren E Geaney
BACKGROUND: Proximal opening wedge osteotomy (POWO) is an established procedure for moderate to severe hallux valgus. A common concern of this procedure is that it results in lengthening of the first metatarsal, which could cause increased intra-articular pressure of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) and may ultimately lead to arthritis because of these altered mechanics. The purpose of this study was to use a cadaveric model to compare intra-articular pressures and articulating contact properties of the MTP joint following either scarf osteotomy or POWO...
April 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365205/articular-ultrasound-in-asymptomatic-volunteers-identification-of-the-worst-measures-of-synovial-hypertrophy-synovial-blood-flow-and-joint-damage-among-small-medium-%C3%A2-and-large-sized-joints
#9
Flávia Soares Machado, Jamil Natour, Rogerio Diniz Takahashi, Rita N V Furtado
Articular ultrasound of 6500 joint recesses was performed for the purpose of identifying which joint had the highest measurements among small-sized (SSJ), medium-sized (MSJ) and large-sized (LSJ) joints. Quantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (QSR) and semiquantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (SSH), power Doppler (SPD) and bone erosion (SBE) (score: 0-3) were made. Higher measurements (p < 0.01) of QSR were obtained in the second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), talonavicular joint, and hip...
March 29, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361192/-malalignment-of-the-first-ray-clinical-and-radiological-diagnostics
#10
M Walther
Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Discomfort in the midfoot can indicate pathologies of the tarsometatarsal joint and the same applies for osteophyte infiltration around the Lisfranc joint line, whereby the second tarsometatarsal joint often shows more advanced degenerative arthritis than the first tarsometatarsal joint...
March 30, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347926/neglected-dorsolateral-dislocation-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-a-case-report
#11
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Abdulrahman A AlOmair, Yara A Alfehaid, Abubaker A Alsumali, Nader S Al-Kenani
INTRODUCTION: Although the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint is frequently injured, Complete dislocation of the first MTP joint represents a relatively rare traumatic injury. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 46-year-old gentleman presented with a traumatic first MTP joint dislocation resulting from an automobile accident. Due to coronavirus outbreak in the hospital at that time, patient was referred to another hospital. Six months later, reduction was achieved surgically and fixation of the MTP with K-wires was done...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336447/anatomical-reconstruction-of-the-fourth-brachymetatarsia-with-one-stage-iliac-bone-and-cartilage-cap-grafting
#12
Sang-Hyun Woo, Chi Young Bang, Hee-Chan Ahn, Sung-Jung Kim, Jun-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: We present a one-stage procedure for lengthening the fourth brachymetatarsia with autogenous iliac bone and cartilage cap grafting for the anatomical reconstruction of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint METHODS: During the last 8 years, 56 feet in 41 patients with congenital brachymetatarsia of the fourth toe were corrected with a one-stage operation to reposition the articular cartilage cap to the distal part of interpositional iliac bone graft at the metatarsal epiphysis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335617/operative-treatment-of-traumatic-hallux-valgus-in-elite-athletes
#13
D Jeff Covell, Craig R Lareau, Robert B Anderson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic hallux valgus is an increasingly common injury in the athletic population and represents a unique variant of turf toe. Failure to appropriately recognize and treat these injuries can lead to continued pain, decreased performance, progressive deformities, and ultimately degeneration of the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint. Limited literature currently exists to assist in the diagnosis, management, and operative treatment. METHODS: Nineteen patients were reviewed in this series, including 12 National Football League, 6 college, and 1 high school player who was a college prospect...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335610/rheumatoid-forefoot-reconstruction-in-the-nonrheumatoid-patient
#14
Devon C Nixon, Richard M McKean, Sandra E Klein, Jeffrey E Johnson, Jeremy J McCormick
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pain and deformity following forefoot surgery can cause significant patient disability. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint arthrodesis with lesser metatarsal head resections-termed the rheumatoid forefoot reconstruction-has been shown to be a reliable operation for pain relief and deformity correction. Limited data, however, have been published on outcomes of the same forefoot reconstruction operation in the nonrheumatoid patient...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333570/plantar-pressure-and-surgical-indication-of-toe-arthroplasty-for-rheumatoid-forefoot-deformity
#15
Hyunho Lee, Hajime Ishikawa, Yusuke Miyagawa, Chinatsu Takai, Yumi Nomura, Tetsuya Nemoto, Daisuke Kobayashi, Asami Abe, Hiroshi Otani, Satoshi Ito, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Takao Ishii, Shu Saito, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Akira Murasawa
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to clarify the surgical indication for rheumatoid forefoot deformity according to background characteristics and plantar pressure. METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis were divided into a non-surgical group (group N) and a surgical group (group S). The former consisted of 225 ft, and the latter consisted of 88 ft. DAS28, Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot rheumatoid arthritis foot and ankle scale (JSSF scale) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) were evaluated as background characteristics...
March 23, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326159/effects-of-weight-bearing-exercise-on-a-mini-trampoline-on-foot-mobility-plantar-pressure-and-sensation-of-diabetic-neuropathic-feet-a-preliminary-study
#16
Wararom Kanchanasamut, Praneet Pensri
Objective: Foot and ankle exercise has been advocated as a preventative approach in reducing the risk of foot ulceration. However, knowledge about the appropriate types and intensity of exercise program for diabetic foot ulcer prevention is still limited. The current study aimed to examine the effects of an eight-week mini-trampoline exercise on improving foot mobility, plantar pressure and sensation of diabetic neuropathic feet. Methods: Twenty-one people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy who had impaired sensation perception were divided into two groups...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314638/dislocation-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-a-case-report-and-suggested-classification-system
#17
Makram Zrig, Youssef Othman, Zied Bellaaj, Mustapha Koubaa, Abderrazek Abid
Dislocation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is a relatively rare and still poorly known injury. The current classification includes only the dorsal variety of this lesion; thus, as further cases of other varieties are reported, a larger understanding of this entity is required. We report the case of a young male with dorsal dislocation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint treated by closed reduction. The clinical outcome at the 2-year follow-up point is reported. A review of the published data of the variations of this injury reported to date is included, and a new summarizing classification is suggested...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291476/ultrasound-versus-landmarks-for-great-toe-arthrocentesis
#18
Jason F Naylor, Kenneth B Dekay, Benjamin P Donham, Brian T Hall
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated ultrasound (US) is superior to traditional landmark (LM)-based techniques for large and medium joint aspiration; however, no studies of sufficient size have evaluated these interventions in the smaller toe joints. The purpose of this study was to determine if US provides an advantage over LM for successful first-pass aspiration of first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ) effusions. METHODS: A cross-over, cadaveric trial evaluating the interventions of US and LM...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281462/ultrasound-sensitivity-to-changes-in-gout-a-longitudinal-study-after-two-years-of-treatment
#19
Diana Peiteado, Alejandro Villalba, Emilio Martín-Mola, Alejandro Balsa, Eugenio De Miguel
OBJECTIVES: The goals of our study are to evaluate the urate-lowering therapy (ULT) effect on gout ultrasound (US) lesions and to explore US sensitivity to change in gout patients. METHODS: Patients with chronic and symptomatic gout, confirmed by crystal identification, were prospectively included. Clinical and US assessments were performed at baseline and after 6, 12 and 24 months of ULT. The presence of double contour sign (DCS) and US- detectable tophi were assessed in the first metatarsophalangeals, the knees and patellar tendons...
March 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281306/injuries-of-the-sagittal-groove-of-the-proximal-phalanx-in-warmblood-horses-detected-with-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-19-cases-2007-2016
#20
Sarah J Gold, Natasha M Werpy, Santiago D Gutierrez-Nibeyro
Sagittal groove injuries of the proximal phalanx are an important cause of lameness in performance horses. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe standing low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of these injuries in a group of Warmblood horses. Horses with an MRI diagnosis of sagittal groove injuries involving the proximal phalanx and that had follow-up MRI and clinical outcome information were included. Findings from clinical examinations, diagnostic tests, and other imaging modalities were recorded...
March 9, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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