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Sterols stanons

Katharina Prost, Jago Jonathan Birk, Eva Lehndorff, Renate Gerlach, Wulf Amelung
Steroids are used as faecal markers in environmental and in archaeological studies, because they provide insights into ancient agricultural practices and the former presence of animals. Up to now, steroid analyses could only identify and distinguish between herbivore, pig, and human faecal matter and their residues in soils and sediments. We hypothesized that a finer differentiation between faeces of different livestock animals could be achieved when the analyses of several steroids is combined (Δ5-sterols, 5α-stanols, 5β-stanols, epi-5β-stanols, stanones, and bile acids)...
2017: PloS One
Jago Jonathan Birk, Michaela Dippold, Guido L B Wiesenberg, Bruno Glaser
Faeces incorporation can alter the concentration patterns of stanols, stanones, Δ(5)-sterols and bile acids in soils and terrestrial sediments. A joint quantification of these substances would give robust and specific information about the faecal input. Therefore, a method was developed for their purification and determination via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) based on a total lipid extract (TLE) of soils and terrestrial sediments. Stanols, stanones, Δ(5)-steroles and bile acids were extracted by a single Soxhlet extraction yielding a TLE...
June 15, 2012: Journal of Chromatography. A
Eric Jover, Carmen Domínguez, Pilar Erra, Josep Maria Bayona
A detailed characterization of lipids present in a wool-wax extract, obtained by supercritical fluid extraction, is presented. Thin-layer chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector (TLC-FID) has been used as a screening technique to identify the different chemical classes of complex mixtures. Furthermore, to confirm peak identification obtained by TLC-FID and to check its suitability as a quality control technique, preparative TLC fractionation has been carried out by re-analyzing the different fractions obtained by TLC-FID and by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in the electron impact and in the chemical ionization modes...
January 2006: Journal of Cosmetic Science
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