Read by QxMD icon Read


Xiang-Xin Huang, Yun-Xuan Li, Xiang-Yu Li, Xiao-Xia Hu, Peng-Fei Tang, Guo-Xin Hu
Currently, crizotinib is the first generation drug, which has been used in the treatment of ALK-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, more and more patients are found in crizotinib-resistance. In the last year, alectinib has been approved for treatment of patients with crizotinib-resistance. In this study, we aim to develop and validate a simple, rapid and sensitive tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for determination of alectinib in rat plasma. Diazepam was chosen as an internal standard (IS)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Fumio Imamura, Takako Inoue, Madoka Kimura, Kazumi Nishino, Toru Kumagai
In January 2003, a 55-year old, non-smoking woman visited our hospital to undergo treatment for T4N0M0 pulmonary adenocarcinoma of the left lung. Until death in October 2015, she received over 20 lines of treatment including a second line therapy with gefitinib, which showed long response. In March 2014, she noticed the left axillar lymph node swelling. Aspiration cytology of the lymph node revealed the presence of adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR exon 19 deletion (Ex19del) but not T790M. Concomitant ALK translocation of variant 1 was also detected...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Srividya Srinivasamaharaj, Bilal Khameze Salame, Jorge Rios-Perez, Goetz Kloecker, Cesar A Perez
The identification of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements in subsets of non-small cell lung cancer patients has provided with unparalleled opportunities to hinder the progression of this disease through targeting the activity of these specific molecules. Unfortunately most patients develop disease progression in less than a year of treatment with crizotinib, the first-generation ALK-inhibitor. Areas covered: We review the resistance mechanisms to ALK inhibitors as well as an overview of the clinical activity of the alectinib, a second generation ALK inhibitor...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Shu Meng, Hongyan Wu, Jing Wang, Qiyuan Qiu
The proto-oncogene protein RET is a receptor tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in the development and progress of various human cancers. Currently, targeting RET with small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has been established as promising therapeutic strategy for thyroid carcinoma (TC). However, two gatekeeper mutations V804M and V804L in RET kinase domain have been frequently observed to cause drug resistance during the targeted therapy, largely limiting the application of reversible TKIs in TC...
October 2016: Molecular Informatics
Masayoshi Miyawaki, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Tetsuo Tani, Junko Hamamoto, Daisuke Arai, Kota Ishioka, Keiko Ohgino, Shigenari Nukaga, Toshiyuki Hirano, Ichiro Kawada, Katsuhiko Naoki, Yuichiro Hayashi, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Kenzo Soejima
: Activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway is one of the mechanisms inducing acquired resistance to anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as crizotinib and alectinib. Ceritinib is a highly selective ALK inhibitor and shows promising efficacy in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) harboring the ALK gene rearrangement. However, the precise mechanism underlying acquired resistance to ceritinib is not well defined. This study set out to clarify the mechanism in ALK-translocated lung cancer and to find the preclinical rationale overcoming EGFR pathway-induced acquired resistance to ALK-TKIs...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Mengjia Qian, Bijun Zhu, Xiangdong Wang, Michael Liebman
Patients are diagnosed as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) positive, i.e. exhibiting the ALK rearrangement, and comprise 3-7% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. Three generations of ALK inhibitors have been developed and used in targeted therapy, although there are still improving spaces of drug resistance at the initiation of each treatment. The current review discusses the pathophysiology of ALK-positive NSCLC and the role of three generations of ALK target inhibitors including crizotinib, ceritinib, alectinib and lorlatinib, as well as the mechanisms of the secondary resistance...
September 29, 2016: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
M Caccese, R Ferrara, S Pilotto, L Carbognin, G Grizzi, A Caliò, M Brunelli, F Cuppone, S Petraglia, A Scarpa, G Tortora, E Bria
The treatment of patients with ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer was completely revolutionized by the introduction of Crizotinib, a small molecule inhibiting ALK, MET and ROS1. Given that resistance occurs within approximately 12 months, in order to develop more potent inhibitors and to increase drug penetration to CNS, innovative ALK-inhibitors were developed. Second-generation ALK inhibitors Ceritinib (LDK378), Alectinib (CH5424802/RO5424802) and Brigatinib (AP26113) have shown significant clinical activity, and were rapidly approved by regulatory agencies...
October 8, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Ferdinandos Skoulidis, Vassiliki A Papadimitrakopoulou
Over the last 2 years, our therapeutic armamentarium against genomically defined subgroups of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has extended to patients with acquired resistance to front-line targeted therapy. Alectinib (Alecensa; Roche/Genentech), a second-generation, orally active, potent, and highly selective inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), is indicated for patients with metastatic, ALK rearrangement-positive NSCLC whose disease has worsened after treatment with crizotinib or who became intolerant to the drug...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Jianzong Li, Wei Liu, Hao Luo, Jinku Bao
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) plays a crucial role in multiple malignant cancers. It is known as a well-established target for the treatment of ALK-dependent cancers. Even though substantial efforts have been made to develop ALK inhibitors, only crizotinib, ceritinib, and alectinib had been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The secondary mutations with drug-resistance bring up difficulties to develop effective drugs for ALK-positive cancers...
September 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Toyoaki Hida, Kazuhiko Nakagawa, Takashi Seto, Miyako Satouchi, Makoto Nishio, Katsuyuki Hotta, Toshiaki Takahashi, Yuichiro Ohe, Koji Takeda, Masahiro Tatsuno, Takashi Asakawa, Tadashi Shimada, Tomohiro Tanaka, Tomohide Tamura
We report pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety data for a new 150 mg alectinib capsule in ALK+ non-small-cell lung cancer in a multicenter, open-label pharmacologic study (JP28927). Eligible patients (≥20 years, locally advanced/metastatic ALK+ disease, ALK inhibitor-naïve and -pretreated [including crizotinib refractory]) were randomized 1:1 to receive one of two sequences of alectinib 300 mg twice daily (comprising different schedules of 20/40 mg and 150 mg capsules) until investigator-determined lack of clinical benefit...
August 27, 2016: Cancer Science
Masayuki Shirasawa, Masaru Kubotaa, Shinya Harada, Hideyuki Niwa, Seiichiro Kusuhara, Masashi Kasajima, Yasuhiro Hiyoshi, Mikiko Ishihara, Satoshi Igawa, Noriyuki Masuda
Alectinib has been approved for the treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer. In terms of adverse effects, the occurrence of a severe skin rash induced by alectinib is reportedly rare, compared with the occurrence of skin rash induced by epithelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). In the present case report, a 76-year-old woman with ALK-positive lung adenocarcinoma experienced disease progression after undergoing first-line chemotherapy...
September 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Alison C Johnson, Pascal Dô, Nicolas Richard, Catherine Dubos, Jean Jacques Michels, Jessica Bonneau, Radj Gervais
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is sensitive to ALK inhibitor therapy, but resistance invariably develops and can be mediated by certain secondary mutations. The detection of these mutations is useful to guide treatment decisions, but tumors are not always easily accessible to re-biopsy. We report the case of a patient with ALK-rearranged NSCLC who presented acquired resistance to crizotinib and then alectinib. Sequencing analyses of DNA from a liver metastasis biopsy sample and circulating tumor DNA both found the same I1171N ALK kinase domain mutation, known to confer resistance to certain ALK inhibitors...
September 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
J Aubrey Waddell, Dominic A Solimando
The complexity of cancer chemotherapy requires pharmacists be familiar with the complicated regimens and highly toxic agents used. This column reviews various issues related to preparation, dispensing, and administration of antineoplastic therapy, and the agents, both commercially available and investigational, used to treat malignant diseases. Questions or suggestions for topics should be addressed to Dominic A. Solimando, Jr, President, Oncology Pharmacy Services, Inc., 4201 Wilson Blvd #110-545, Arlington, VA 22203, e-mail: OncRxSvc@comcast...
July 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
Peter N Morcos, Neil Parrott, Ludger Banken, Carsten Timpe, Marc Lindenberg, Elena Guerini, Georgina Dall, Katrijn Bogman, Carolina Sturm, Ali Zeaiter, Meret Martin-Facklam, Alex Phipps
The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor alectinib is an effective treatment for ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer. This bioequivalence study evaluated the in vivo performance of test 3 formulations with the reduced wetting agent sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) content. This randomized, 4-period, 4-sequence, crossover study compared alectinib (600 mg) as 25%, 12.5%, and 3% SLS hard capsule formulations with the reference 50% SLS clinical formulation in healthy subjects under fasted conditions (n = 49), and following a high-fat meal (n = 48)...
August 22, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
Peter N Morcos, Yumi Cleary, Elena Guerini, Georgina Dall, Katrijn Bogman, Luigi De Petris, Santiago Viteri, Walter Bordogna, Li Yu, Meret Martin-Facklam, Alex Phipps
The efficacy and safety of alectinib, a central nervous system-active and selective anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, has been demonstrated in patients with ALK-positive (ALK+) non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progressing on crizotinib. Alectinib is mainly metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) to a major similarly active metabolite, M4. Alectinib and M4 show evidence of weak time-dependent inhibition and small induction of CYP3A in vitro. We present results from three fixed-sequence studies evaluating drug-drug interactions for alectinib through CYP3A...
August 22, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
Peter N Morcos, Elena Guerini, Neil Parrott, Georgina Dall, Steven Blotner, Katrijn Bogman, Carolina Sturm, Bogdana Balas, Meret Martin-Facklam, Alex Phipps
Alectinib, an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, is approved for treatment of patients with ALK+ non-small-cell lung cancer who have progressed on, or are intolerant to, crizotinib. This study assessed the effect of a high-fat meal and the proton pump inhibitor, esomeprazole, on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of alectinib. This was an open-label, 2-group study in healthy subjects. In Group 1 (n = 18), subjects were randomly assigned to a 2-treatment (A: fasted conditions, B: following a high-fat meal), 2-sequence (AB or BA) crossover assessment, separated by a 10-day washout...
August 22, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
Jessica J Lin, Elizabeth Kennedy, Lecia V Sequist, Priscilla K Brastianos, Kelly E Goodwin, Sara Stevens, Alexandra C Wanat, Lisa L Stober, Subba R Digumarthy, Jeffrey A Engelman, Alice T Shaw, Justin F Gainor
INTRODUCTION: Chromosomal rearrangements involving rearranged during transfection gene (RET) occur in 1% to 2% of NSCLCs and may confer sensitivity to rearranged during transfection (RET) inhibitors. Alectinib is an anaplastic lymphoma kinase tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that also has anti-RET activity in vitro. The clinical activity of alectinib in patients with RET-rearranged NSCLC has not yet been reported. METHODS: We have described four patients with advanced RET-rearranged NSCLC who were treated with alectinib (600 mg twice daily [n = 3] or 900 mg twice daily [n = 1]) as part of single-patient compassionate use protocols or off-label use of the commercially available drug...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Satoru Fujiuchi, Yuka Fujita, Takaaki Sasaki, Yoshinobu Ohsaki
A 70-year-old woman with lung adenocarcinoma, harbouring anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene rearrangement, was treated with crizotinib as third-line chemotherapy. After 2 months, crizotinib was discontinued because of the development of crizotinib-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD). Steroid treatment was then introduced and tapered off. Following complete resolution of the interstitial shadow, cytotoxic chemotherapy was initiated, and continued for over 2 years, until new intrapulmonary lesions developed...
May 2016: Respirology Case Reports
Kentaro Ito, Osamu Hataji, Hiroyasu Kobayashi, Atsushi Fujiwara, Masamichi Yoshida, Corina N D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Hidetoshi Itani, Motoaki Tanigawa, Takuya Ikeda, Kentaro Fujiwara, Hajime Fujimoto, Tetsu Kobayashi, Esteban C Gabazza, Osamu Taguchi, Nobuyuki Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Alectinib and crizotinib have been approved for the therapy of NSCLC caused by anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene (ALK) rearrangement. The effect of alectinib or crizotinib on overall survival (OS) in patients with ALK-rearranged NSCLC remains unknown. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted to compare OS between patients receiving alectinib and crizotinib and between patients treated with alectinib and those treated sequentially with crizotinib and then alectinib after crizotinib failure...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Ramon Andrade Bezerra De Mello, Davi Jing Jue Liu, Pedro N Aguiar, Hakaru Tadokoro
: Non-small cell lung cancer is the leading cancer-related cause of death. OBJECTIVE: We review the latest therapies for NSCLC with EGFR and ELM4-ALK mutations as well as the most relevant studies and promising patents. METHOD: A literature search of PubMed database was carried out to identify recent Clinical Trials using EGFR therapies and novel patents involving diagnosis and therapies on NSCLC. We conducted a search to find new therapy strategies, new biomarkers, and selected five patents we find relevant...
August 2, 2016: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"