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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031115/decolorization-and-detoxification-of-dye-mixture-and-textile-effluent-by-lichen-dermatocarpon-vellereceum-in-fixed-bed-upflow-bioreactor-with-subsequent-oxidative-stress-study
#1
Ashwini N Kulkarni, Anuprita D Watharkar, Niraj R Rane, Byong-Hun Jeon, Sanjay P Govindwar
Navy Blue HE22 (NBHE22), dye mixture and real textile effluent were decolorized and degraded by lichen Dermatocarpon vellereceum. Up-flow bioreactor showed about 80%, 70%, 80% and 65% removal of American dye manufacturer index (ADMI), biological oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS) and total dissolved solids (TDS), respectively of dye mixture at flow rate of 25mlh(-1). The removal of ADMI, BOD, TSS and TDS of real textile effluent were 75%, 65%, 82% and 70%, respectively at flow rate of 30mlh(-1)...
October 10, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024980/comorbid-pain-syndromes-in-hiv-associated-peripheral-neuropathy
#2
Allison Navis, Jocelyn Jiao, Mary Catherine George, David Simpson, Jessica Robinson-Papp
Objective: Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common complication of HIV. There is increasing awareness that some forms of PN, particularly small-fiber neuropathies, can be associated with chronic widespread pain syndromes. Given the high prevalence of both PN and chronic pain in HIV, we sought to determine whether patients with a diagnosis of HIV-PN were more likely to experience other chronic pain syndromes. Methods: Data were obtained from the Clinical Data Warehouse maintained by our institution...
August 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020186/rabies-postexposure-prophylaxis-pep-noncompletion-after-dog-bites-estimating-the-unseen-to-meet-the-needs-of-the-underserved
#3
Arnaud Tarantola, Sophie Blanchi, Julien Cappelle, Sowath Ly, Malen Chan, Sotheary In, Yiksing Peng, Chanthy Hing, Chun Navy Taing, Sovann Ly, Hervé Bourhy, Philippe Buchy, Philippe Dussart, Jean-Yves Mary
Post exposure prophylaxis prevents human rabies and is accessible in Cambodia principally in Phnom Penh, the capital. Timely, affordable access to post-exposure prophylaxis is a challenge for the mainly rural population. We aimed to identify districts independently associated with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) noncompletion to position frontline vaccination centers. We analyzed the 2009-2013 database at the rabies prevention center of the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh. Logistic regressions identified non-geographic determinants of PEP noncompletion and districts after adjustment for these determinants...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978540/functional-vitamin-b-6-status-and-long-term-mortality-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#4
Isidor Minović, Anna van der Veen, Martijn van Faassen, Ineke J Riphagen, Else van den Berg, Claude van der Ley, António W Gomes-Neto, Johanna M Geleijnse, Manfred Eggersdorfer, Gerjan J Navis, Ido P Kema, Stephan Jl Bakker
Background: Low plasma concentrations of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) are common in renal transplant recipients (RTRs) and confer increased risk of long-term mortality. To our knowledge, it is not known whether low plasma PLP concentrations have functional (i.e., intracellular) consequences and, if so, whether such consequences are associated with increased risk of mortality.Objectives: We assessed the association of plasma PLP with functional vitamin B-6 status and explored the potential association of functional vitamin B-6 status with long-term mortality in RTRs...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978532/tubular-maximum-phosphate-reabsorption-capacity-in-living-kidney-donors-is-independently-associated-with-one-year-recipient-gfr
#5
Marco van Londen, Brigitte M Aarts, Jan-Stephan F Sanders, Jan-Luuk Hillebrands, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Martin H de Borst
The donor glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured before kidney donation is a strong determinant of recipient graft outcome. No tubular function markers have been identified that can similarly be used in donors to predict recipient outcomes. In the current study we investigated whether the predonation tubular maximum reabsorption capacity of phosphate (TmP-GFR), which may be considered as a functional tubular marker in healthy kidney donors, is associated with recipient GFR at one year after transplantation, a key determinant of long-term outcome...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963620/impact-of-an-invasive-weed-parthenium-hysterophorus-on-a-pasture-community-in-south-east-queensland-australia
#6
Thi Nguyen, Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Amalia Belgeri, Sheldon Navie, Chris O'Donnell, Steve Adkins
Parthenium weed is a highly invasive alien species in more than 40 countries around the world. Along with severe negative effects on human and animal health and crop production, it also causes harm to ecosystem functioning by reducing the native plant species biodiversity. However, its impacts on native plant species, especially in pasture communities, are less known. Given parthenium weed causes substantial losses to Australian pastures' productivity, it is crucial to estimate its impact on pasture communities...
September 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958636/association-of-prospective-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-injury-and-musculoskeletal-balance-and-physiological-characteristics-in-special-operations-forces
#7
Karen A Keenan, Meleesa F Wohleber, Katherine A Perlsweig, Thomas M Baldwin, Michael Caviston, Mita Lovalekar, Christopher Connaboy, Bradley C Nindl, Kim Beals
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has examined lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury (MSI) patterns and risk factors in Special Operations Forces (SOF) trainees, conventional military personnel, and athletes; however, it is unclear if SOF have the same patterns/risk factors. This study aimed to determine the association of musculoskeletal, balance, and physiological characteristics with LE MSI in SOF. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: A total of 726 Air Force (N=140), Navy Sea, Air, and Land (N=301), and Special Warfare Combatant Crewmen (N=285) SOF (age=25...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955601/analysis-of-aerosol-composition-data-for-western-united-states-wildfires-between-2005-and-2015-dust-emissions-chloride-depletion-and-most-enhanced-aerosol-constituents
#8
Joseph S Schlosser, Rachel A Braun, Trevor Bradley, Hossein Dadashazar, Alexander B MacDonald, Abdulmonam A Aldhaif, Mojtaba Azadi Aghdam, Ali Hossein Mardi, Peng Xian, Armin Sorooshian
This study examines major wildfires in the western United States between 2005 and 2015 to determine which species exhibit the highest percent change in mass concentration on day of peak fire influence relative to preceding nonfire days. Forty-one fires were examined using the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) data set. Organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) constituents exhibited the highest percent change increase. The sharpest enhancements were for the volatile (OC1) and semivolatile (OC2) OC fractions, suggestive of secondary organic aerosol formation during plume transport...
August 27, 2017: Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres: JGR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953411/update-routine-screening-for-antibodies-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-civilian-applicants-for-u-s-military-service-and-u-s-armed-forces-active-and-reserve-components-january-2012-june-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
This report contains an update through June 2017 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. During the surveillance period, annual seroprevalences among civilian applicants for military service peaked in 2015 (0.33 per 1,000 tested) and then decreased slightly in 2016. Seroprevalences among Marine Corps reservists, Navy active component service members, and Navy reservists also peaked in 2015...
September 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952663/psychological-considerations-in-submarine-escape-training-brief-overview-and-future-directions
#10
Charles H Van Wijk
The inability of a submarine to surface must rate as one of greatest risks to sailors in peacetime. To prepare for such emergencies, many navies provide training to master the procedures required to escape successfully from disabled submarines. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the psychological principles in simulated submarine escape training. It further discusses applicable psychological constructs such as positive outcome expectancies, the role of anxiety, and other personal factors mediating outcomes of such training...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939703/association-between-troponin-levels-and-embolic-stroke-of-undetermined-source
#11
Alexander E Merkler, Gino Gialdini, Santosh B Murthy, Setareh Salehi Omran, Antonio Moya, Michael P Lerario, Ji Chong, Peter M Okin, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Monika M Safford, Matthew E Fink, Babak B Navi, Costantino Iadecola, Hooman Kamel
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to determine whether patients with embolic strokes of undetermined source (ESUS) have higher rates of elevated troponin than patients with noncardioembolic strokes. METHODS AND RESULTS: CAESAR (The Cornell Acute Stroke Academic Registry) prospectively enrolled all adults with acute stroke from 2011 to 2014. Two neurologists used standard definitions to retrospectively ascertain the etiology of stroke, with a third resolving disagreements...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939677/safety-outcomes-after-percutaneous-transcatheter-closure-of-patent-foramen-ovale
#12
Alexander E Merkler, Gino Gialdini, Shadi Yaghi, Peter M Okin, Costantino Iadecola, Babak B Navi, Hooman Kamel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the real-world rate of safety outcomes after patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using administrative claims data on all hospitalizations from 2005 to 2013 in New York, California, and Florida. Using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes, we identified patients who underwent percutaneous transcatheter PFO closure within 1 year of ischemic stroke or TIA...
September 22, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923147/idiopathic-syringomyelia-in-a-military-helicopter-pilot
#13
Anthony Schiemer
BACKGROUND: A syrinx is a fluid-filled cavity within the spinal cord. They can lead to a variety of symptoms, including limb weakness and back pain. Incidental finding of syringomyelia provides a challenge for clinicians due to the wide variety of possible symptoms. In military aviation, neurological findings in pilots can result in extensive investigation that can lead to potentially invasive management. Conversely, the potential for chronic progression of a spinal syrinx and subsequent neurological deterioration makes early identification critical...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922799/restoring-victory-naval-heritage-identity-and-memory-in-interwar-britain
#14
Don Leggett
In the decade following 1918, HMS Victory was restored as a memorial to the nation, empire, the Navy, and all the sailors who had lost their lives in the Great War. This piece of Britain's naval heritage became a focal point for Great War memory and a resource for narrating the Navy's place in post-war Britain. This article analyses the restoration campaign, focusing on its appeal work and the materials it produced, discourses surrounding the restoration and the use of Victory's oak to recover this ship's importance at the intersection between Britain and its Navy in the aftermath of the Great War, and the function that the Navy played in the construction of post-war memory and identity...
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919698/skeletal-lead-burden-of-the-british-royal-navy-in-colonial-antigua
#15
K L Giffin, T Swanston, I Coulthard, A R Murphy, D M L Cooper, T L Varney
Lead (Pb) has been known to be a cause of human poisoning since ancient times, but despite this, it was a widely used metal in the European colonial period. In this study, the relationship between Pb exposure and the demographic variables ancestry and age was explored by comparing the bone Pb levels of individuals that were of either African or European ancestry, excavated from a British Royal Navy hospital cemetery (1793-1822 CE) at English Harbour in Antigua, West Indies. More direct comparisons of Pb levels between the two ancestral groups were possible in this study because of the unsegregated nature of this cemetery...
July 2017: Int J Osteoarchaeol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915863/lifestyle-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-prevent-weight-gain-after-renal-transplantation-design-of-the-active-care-after-transplantation-act-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Gerald Klaassen, Dorien M Zelle, Gerjan J Navis, Desie Dijkema, Frederike J Bemelman, Stephan J L Bakker, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity and reduced physical functioning are common after renal transplantation, resulting in a reduced quality of life. Another common post-transplantation complication is poor cardio-metabolic health, which plays a main role in long-term outcomes in renal transplant recipients (RTR). It is increasingly recognized that weight gain in the first year after transplantation, especially an increase in fat mass, is a highly common contributor to cardio-metabolic risk...
September 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915390/navy-and-black-bean-supplementation-primes-the-colonic-mucosal-microenvironment-to-improve-gut-health
#17
Jennifer M Monk, Dion Lepp, Wenqing Wu, K Peter Pauls, Lindsay E Robinson, Krista A Power
Common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are enriched in non-digestible fermentable carbohydrates and phenolic compounds that can modulate the colonic microenvironment (microbiota and host epithelial barrier) to improve gut health. In a comprehensive assessment of the impact of two commonly consumed bean varieties (differing in levels and types of phenolic compounds) within the colonic microenvironment, C57Bl/6 mice were fed diets supplemented with 20% cooked navy bean (NB) or black bean (BB) flours or an isocaloric basal diet control (BD) for 3 weeks...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910720/study-of-the-influence-of-physical-chemical-and-biological-conditions-that-influence-the-deterioration-and-protection-of-underwater-cultural-heritage
#18
Manuel Bethencourt, Tomás Fernández-Montblanc, Alfredo Izquierdo, Manuel María González-Duarte, Cristian Muñoz-Mas
Two wrecks related to the Battle of Trafalgar (1805) were studied. Following the guidelines of the UNESCO-2001 Convention for the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, a holistic and interdisciplinary approach based on the development of four of the thirty-six Rules of this international agreement was applied. A non-destructive survey technique was developed to obtain information from the scattered cannons and anchors without altering their condition (Rule 4). The work performed provided information about the origin of both wrecks, the Fougueux and the Bucentaure, two ships of the line of the French Navy, and allowed to characterize the state of conservation at each site without jeopardizing their future conservation in the marine environment...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910681/the-imaging-spectrum-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-pictorial-review
#19
REVIEW
Emily Brady, Neal S Parikh, Babak B Navi, Ajay Gupta, Andrew D Schweitzer
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by the acute onset of neurologic symptoms (headache, altered mental status, visual changes, seizures) with accompanying vasogenic edema on brain imaging. Risk factors for PRES include infection, uremia, malignancy, autoimmune disorders, the peripartum state and hypertension. PRES is classically described as being posterior (i.e. parieto-occipital) but radiologic variants are increasingly recognized. This pictorial review demonstrates the heterogeneity of the different radiologic presentations of PRES in reference to lesion distribution, hemorrhage, diffusion restriction, contrast enhancement, and other associated findings...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894795/liver-enzymes-and-the-development-of-posttransplantation-diabetes-mellitus-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#20
Gerald Klaassen, Eva Corpeleijn, Nicole P E Deetman, Gerjan J Navis, Stephan J L Bakker, Dorien M Zelle
BACKGROUND: Posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is common in renal transplant recipients (RTR), increasing the risk of graft failure, cardiovascular disease, and mortality. Early detection of a high risk for PTDM is warranted. Because liver function and liver fat are involved, we investigated whether serum liver markers are associated with future PTDM in RTR. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2003, 606 RTR with a functioning allograft beyond the first year after transplantation were included of which 500 participants (56% men; age, 50 ± 12 years) were free of diabetes at baseline and had liver enzyme values (1 missing) available...
September 2017: Transplantation Direct
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