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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330087/decolorization-and-biodegradation-of-remazol-reactive-dyes-by-clostridium-species
#1
Sanmuga Priya Ekambaram, Senthamil Selvan Perumal, Umayal Annamalai
Decolorisation and biodegradation efficacy of potential strains isolated from dyeing effluent collected from Tirupur region, Tamil Nadu, India were studied in remazol reactive dyes. Two potential strains Clostridium butyricum (EI05) and Clostridium acetobutylicum (EI25) identified by biochemical tests in our previous study were studied for their decolorising efficiency on various remazol reactive dyes (Remazol Blue RGB, Remazol Blue RR, Remazol Navy RGB and Remazol Orange RR). The synthetic dyes showed complete decolorization after 24-72 h by two potential strains EI05 and EI25...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320405/urinary-collagen-degradation-products-as-early-markers-of-progressive-renal-fibrosis
#2
Ryanne S Hijmans, Daniel Guldager Kring Rasmussen, Saleh Yazdani, Gerjan Navis, Harry van Goor, Morten Asser Karsdal, Federica Genovese, Jacob van den Born
BACKGROUND: Renal fibrogenesis is associated with increased ECM remodeling and release of collagen fragments in urine in progressive renal disease. We investigated the diagnostic value of urinary collagen degradation products in a proteinuria-driven fibrosis rat model with and without anti-fibrotic S1P-receptor modulator FTY720 treatment. METHODS: Proteinuria was induced in male Wistar rats by Adriamycin (ADR) injection (n = 16). Healthy rats served as controls (n = 12)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#3
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303937/vitamin-d-inhibits-lymphangiogenesis-through-vdr-dependent-mechanisms
#4
Saleh Yazdani, Fariba Poosti, Luis Toro, Johannes Wedel, Rik Mencke, Katarina Mirković, Martin H de Borst, J Steven Alexander, Gerjan Navis, Harry van Goor, Jacob van den Born, Jan-Luuk Hillebrands
Excessive lymphangiogenesis is associated with cancer progression and renal disease. Attenuation of lymphangiogenesis might represent a novel strategy to target disease progression although clinically approved anti-lymphangiogenic drugs are not available yet. VitaminD(VitD)-deficiency is associated with increased cancer risk and chronic kidney disease. Presently, effects of VitD on lymphangiogenesis are unknown. Given the apparently protective effects of VitD and the deleterious associations of lymphangiogenesis with renal disease, we here tested the hypothesis that VitD has direct anti-lymphangiogenic effects in vitro and is able to attenuate lymphangiogenesis in vivo...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296928/the-probability-and-severity-of-decompression-sickness
#5
Laurens E Howle, Paul W Weber, Ethan A Hada, Richard D Vann, Petar J Denoble
Decompression sickness (DCS), which is caused by inert gas bubbles in tissues, is an injury of concern for scuba divers, compressed air workers, astronauts, and aviators. Case reports for 3322 air and N2-O2 dives, resulting in 190 DCS events, were retrospectively analyzed and the outcomes were scored as (1) serious neurological, (2) cardiopulmonary, (3) mild neurological, (4) pain, (5) lymphatic or skin, and (6) constitutional or nonspecific manifestations. Following standard U.S. Navy medical definitions, the data were grouped into mild-Type I (manifestations 4-6)-and serious-Type II (manifestations 1-3)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294140/corrigendum-effect-of-trem-1-blockade-and-single-nucleotide-variants-in-experimental-renal-injury-and-kidney-transplantation
#6
Alessandra Tammaro, Jesper Kers, Diba Emal, Ingrid Stroo, Gwendoline J D Teske, Loes M Butter, Nike Claessen, Jeffrey Damman, Marc Derive, Gerjan J Navis, Sandrine Florquin, Jaklien C Leemans, Mark C Dessing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291495/an-assessment-of-national-emt-certification-among-enlisted-military-medics
#7
Stephen Harper, Remle Crowe, Melissa Bentley, Chetan Kharod, Benjamin Walrath
BACKGROUND: Navy Hospital Corpsmen (HMs) are the Navy equivalent to Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) both in-garrison and on the battlefield. In 2000, the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Education Agenda for the Future highlighted the need for a single certification agency to provide consistent evaluation of entry level competence for each nationally recognized EMS provider level. Administered by the National Registry of EMTs (NREMT), National EMT Certification is currently utilized by 46 states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and six federal organizations as part of their processes for granting licensure...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291494/military-emergency-medical-service-system-assessment-application-of-the-national-park-service-needs-assessment-and-program-audit-to-objectively-evaluate-the-military-ems-system-of-okinawa-japan
#8
Elliot M Ross, Stephen A Harper, Cord Cunningham, Benjamin D Walrath, Gerard DeMers, Chetan U Kharod
INTRODUCTION: As part of a Military Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system process improvement initiative, the authors sought to objectively evaluate the U.S. military EMS system for the island of Okinawa. They applied a program evaluation tool currently utilized by the U.S. National Park Service (NPS). METHODS: A comprehensive needs assessment was conducted to evaluate the current Military EMS system in Okinawa, Japan. The NPS EMS Program Audit Worksheet was used to get an overall "score" of our assessment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291472/self-reported-sleep-during-u-s-navy-operations-and-the-impact-of-deployment-related-factors
#9
Elizabeth Harrison, Gena L Glickman, Shiloh Beckerley, Marcus K Taylor
Sleep disruption is a growing concern among military personnel. Very little is known, however, regarding sleep and associated factors in military members serving in combat environments. We sought to quantify the prevalence of sleep disruption among military personnel serving in a combat zone during Operation Enduring Freedom, utilizing a cross-sectional survey of active duty and reserve U.S. Navy personnel in the Afghanistan combat theater (N = 6,118). Survey sleep measures included total hours of sleep per day, total hours of sleep needed to feel well rested, difficulty falling asleep, and difficulty staying asleep...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291468/navy-en-route-care-a-3-year-review-of-428-navy-air-evacuations
#10
Benjamin Walrath, Alejandra Mora, Victoria Ganem, Stephen Harper, Elliot Ross, Chetan Kharod, Gerard Demers, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Navy medical personnel have been recording en route care (ERC) missions through Search and Rescue (SAR) reports since the 1970's. Our objective was to report clinical ERC cases treated by Navy operational assets from January 2012 to January 2015. METHODS: The Search and Rescue Model Manager office collects SAR reports for all patient transports involving Navy personnel and equipment. From these reports, descriptive statistics to include total number of patients transported, percentages of Advanced Life Support versus Basic Life Support transports, time of transport, and type of ERC provider for the transport were collected...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291466/development-of-a-portable-tool-for-screening-neuromotor-sequelae-from-repetitive-low-level-blast-exposure
#11
Christopher K Rhea, Nikita A Kuznetsov, Scott E Ross, Benjamin Long, Jason T Jakiela, Jason M Bailie, Matthew A Yanagi, F Jay Haran, W Geoffrey Wright, Rebecca K Robins, Paul D Sargent, Joshua L Duckworth
Blast exposure is a prevalent cause of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in military personnel in combat. However, it is more common for a service member to be exposed to a low-level blast (LLB) that does not result in a clinically diagnosable mTBI. Recent research suggests that repetitive LLB exposure can result in symptomology similar to symptoms observed after mTBI. This manuscript reports on the use of an Android-based smartphone application (AccWalker app) to capture changes in neuromotor functioning after blast exposure...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290981/case-report-of-clinical-vignette-osteopetrosis
#12
John B Moore, Thanh D Hoang, Alfred F Shwayhat
INTRODUCTION: Osteopetrosis is a connective tissue disorder resulting from abnormally dense bone predisposing patients to fracture. The clinical pattern of fractures across time and space as well as suggestive radiographic findings usually raises diagnostic suspicion. Multiple genetic mutations resulting in dysfunctional osteoclasts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of osteopetrosis with variable inheritance patterns. In severe cases, usually inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, the medullary cavity important in the production of normal blood cell progenitors is replaced by defective endochondral bone, leading to pancytopenia and consequential extramedullary hematopoiesis...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290976/jet-fuel-associated-occupational-contact-dermatitis
#13
James J Contestable
INTRODUCTION: Occupational contact dermatitis is a ubiquitous problem. Sailors onboard U.S. Navy vessels are at high risk given the multitude of potential workplace exposures. Solvents, petrochemicals, and fuels are abundant and can cause irritant or allergic contact dermatitis. Symptoms of contact dermatitis can cause inability to work and, if chronic, may require a change in rating or job. Prevention of this issue requires patient education about the risks and correct personnel protective equipment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290972/malignant-hyperthermia-susceptibility-and-fitness-for-duty
#14
Michael A Lee, Erin B McGlinch, Maria C McGlinch, John F Capacchione
INTRODUCTION: Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an inherited hypermetabolic condition characterized by uncontrolled calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skeletal muscle, usually from exposure to inhaled general anesthetics and/or the depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent succinylcholine. Multiple case reports now reveal that crises may be precipitated by environmental factors such as exercise or high ambient temperatures. Common signs of an MH crisis include life-threatening hyperthermia, metabolic acidosis, muscle rigidity, and tachycardia...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290965/sickle-cell-trait-prevalence-among-u-s-military-service-members-1992-2012
#15
David W Niebuhr, Ligong Chen, Stephanie Shao, Jonathan Goldsmith, Celia Byrne, Darrell E Singer
BACKGROUND: Population-based estimates of sickle cell trait (SCT) prevalence in the U.S. military across services and over time are lacking. METHODS: SCT prevalence by service, race/ethnicity, and gender in 5-year time intervals was estimated using demographic, ambulatory, and hospital SCT encounter (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification 282.5) data for active duty, enlisted between 1992 and 2012 and limited SCT laboratory results...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290957/oral-maxillofacial-injury-surveillance-of-u-s-military-personnel-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-2001-to-2014
#16
Timothy A Mitchener, Rodney Chan, John W Simecek
BACKGROUND: Cranial and oral-maxillofacial injuries accounted for 33% of military visits to in-theater (Level III) military treatment facilities for battle injuries during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Even after years of conflict, the size and scope of oral-maxillofacial injuries in military armed conflict is still not fully understood. This study reports U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) rates of oral-maxillofacial injuries that can be used for further surveillance and research...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290952/transitioning-to-patient-centered-medical-homes-associations-with-appointment-availability
#17
Todd C Leroux, Murray J Côté, Hye-Chung Kum, Alan Dabney, Rebecca Wells
INTRODUCTION: Recent implementation of the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) in military primary care has gained significant traction and attention from leadership and policy makers. The study objective was to measure the rate of change in appointment availability before and after primary care clinics were certified as a medical home. Access to care is one core tenet of the medical home and appointment availability is an important indicator of access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, longitudinal observational study involving 21 U...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289809/imaging-characteristics-associated-with-clinical-outcomes-in-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#18
Andrew D Schweitzer, Neal S Parikh, Gulce Askin, Ajay Nemade, John Lyo, Sasan Karimi, Anna Knobel, Babak B Navi, Robert J Young, Ajay Gupta
PURPOSE: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a disorder of cerebrovascular autoregulation that can result in brain edema, hemorrhage, and infarction. We sought to investigate whether certain imaging characteristics in PRES are associated with clinically significant patient outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of PRES occurring between 2008 and 2014 at two major academic medical centers. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data were collected...
March 13, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283983/parthenium-weed-parthenium-hysterophorus-l-and-climate-change-the-effect-of-co2-concentration-temperature-and-water-deficit-on-growth-and-reproduction-of-two-biotypes
#19
Thi Nguyen, Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Sheldon Navie, Chris O'Donnell, Steve Adkins
Climate change will have a considerable impact upon the processes that moderate weed invasion, in particular to that of parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.). This study evaluated the performance of two Australian biotypes of parthenium weed under a range of environmental conditions including soil moisture (100 and 50% of field capacity), atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration (390 and 550 ppm), and temperature (35/20 and 30/15 °C/day/night). Measurements were taken upon growth, reproductive output, seed biology (fill, viability and dormancy) and soil seed longevity...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283737/mild-reproductive-impact-of-a-y-chromosome-deletion-on-a-c57bl-6j-substrain
#20
Megan M MacBride, Adam Navis, Amar Dasari, Ana V Perez
A recently reported deletion of about 40 Mb in length between 6.12/6.57 and 46.73/47.31 Mb on the Y chromosome long arm of the C57BL/6JBomTac inbred strain made us closely examine the strain's breeding history and reproductive characteristics. We verified that the two copies of Rbm31y that are present inside the putative deletion were indeed deleted. This inbred strain presents an expected litter size for a C57BL/6 substrain. In vitro fertilization (IVF) efficiency and breeding efficiencies are comparable to those of the C57BL/6NTac substrain; however, the male/female sex ratio in the C57BL/6JBomTac is mildly skewed towards females...
March 10, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
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