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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100507/efficacy-of-iron-supplement-bars-to-reduce-anemia-in-urban-indian-women-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Rajvi Mehta, Alyssa C Platt, Xizi Sun, Mukesh Desai, Dennis Clements, Elizabeth L Turner
BACKGROUND: India's high prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia has largely been attributed to the local diet consisting of nonheme iron, which has lower absorption than that of heme iron. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the efficacy of the consumption of iron-supplement bars in raising hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrit percentages in anemic (hemoglobin concentration <12 g/dL) Indian women of reproductive age. DESIGN: The Let's be Well Red study was a 90-d, pair-matched, cluster-randomized controlled trial...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077280/engineering-out-the-noise
#2
Kurt Yankaskas, Raymond Fischer, Jesse Spence, Jeff Komrower
The US Navy, through an Office of Naval Research (ONR) lead effort on Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL), is investigating methods and techniques to mitigate hearing loss for the crews and warfighters. Hearing protection is a viable and increasingly popular method of reducing hearing exposure for many ship crewmembers; however, it has limitations on comfort and low frequency effectiveness. Furthermore, Personal Hearing Protection (PHP) is often used improperly. Proper vessel planning, programmatic changes and advances in noise control engineering can also have significant impacts by inherently reducing noise exposure through ship design and use of noise control treatments...
January 7, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073557/diatom-nitzschia-navis-varingica-bacillariophyceae-and-its-domoic-acid-production-from-the-mangrove-environments-of-malaysia
#3
Suh Nih Tan, Sing Tung Teng, Hong Chang Lim, Yuichi Kotaki, Stephen S Bates, Chui Pin Leaw, Po Teen Lim
The distribution of the toxic pennate diatom Nitzschia was investigated at four mangrove areas along the coastal brackish waters of Peninsular Malaysia. Eighty-two strains of N. navis-varingica were isolated and established, and their identity confirmed morphologically and molecularly. Frustule morphological characteristics of the strains examined are identical to previously identified N. navis-varingica, but with a sightly higher density of the number of areolae per 1μm (4-7 areolae). Both LSU and ITS rDNAs phylogenetic trees clustered all strains in the N...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062624/plasma-n-terminal-prosomatostatin-and-risk-of-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-prospective-observational-cohort-the-prevend-study
#4
Ali Abbasi, Lyanne M Kieneker, Eva Corpeleijn, Ron T Gansevoort, Rijk O B Gans, Joachim Struck, Rudolf A de Boer, Hans L Hillege, Ronald P Stolk, Gerjan Navis, Stephan J L Bakker
BACKGROUND: Somatostatin is a component of the well-known insulin-like growth factor-1/growth hormone (GH) longevity axis. There is observational evidence that increased GH is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the potential association of plasma N-terminal fragment prosomatostatin (NT-proSST) with incident CVD and all-cause mortality in apparently healthy adults. METHODS: We studied 8134 participants without history of CVD (aged 28-75 years; women, 52...
January 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047744/we-a-201-01-memorial-introduction
#5
C Marshall
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047091/we-a-201-02-modern-statistical-modeling
#6
A Niemierko
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046561/we-a-201-00-anne-and-donald-herbert-distinguished-lectureship-on-modern-statistical-modeling
#7
Joseph Deasy
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045502/legomedicine-a-versatile-chemo-enzymatic-approach-for-the-preparation-of-targeted-dual-labeled-llama-antibody-nanoparticle-conjugates
#8
Sanne A M van Lith, Sander M J van Duijnhoven, Anna C Navis, Edward Dolk, Jos W H Wennink, Cornelus F van Nostrum, Jan C M van Hest, William P J Leenders, Sanne A M van Lith, Sander M J van Duijnhoven, Anna C Navis, William P J Leenders, Edward Dolk, Jos W H Wennink, Cornelus F van Nostrum, Jan C M van Hest
Conjugation of llama single domain antibody fragments (Variable Heavy chain domains of Heavy chain antibodies, VHHs) to diagnostic or therapeutic nanoparticles, peptides, proteins, or drugs offers many opportunities for optimized targeted cancer treatment. Currently, mostly nonspecific conjugation strategies or genetic fusions are used that may compromise VHH functionality. In this paper we present a versatile modular approach for bioorthogonal VHH modification and conjugation. First, sortase A mediated transPEGylation is used for introduction of a chemical click moiety...
January 18, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040028/swim-track-kinematics-and-calling-behavior-attributed-to-bryde-s-whales-on-the-navy-s-pacific-missile-range-facility
#9
Tyler A Helble, E Elizabeth Henderson, Glenn R Ierley, Stephen W Martin
Time difference of arrival methods for acoustically localizing multiple marine mammals have been applied to recorded data from the Navy's Pacific Missile Range Facility in order to localize and track calls attributed to Bryde's whales. Data were recorded during the months of August-October 2014, and 17 individual tracks were identified. Call characteristics were compared to other Bryde's whale vocalizations from the Pacific Ocean, and locations of the recorded signals were compared to published visual sightings of Bryde's whales in the Hawaiian archipelago...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035159/physicochemical-and-sensory-characterization-of-gnocchi-and-the-effects-of-novel-formulation-on-in-vitro-digestibility
#10
Tingting Liu, Nazimah Hamid, Michelle J Y Yoo, Kevin Kantono, Loveena Pereira, Mustafa M Farouk, Scott O Knowles
Conventional gnocchi are small Italian dumplings made from potatoes, flour, and eggs. In this study, a range of gnocchi-type products containing navy bean and beef meat (10-40% w/w) were developed. The nutritional, physicochemical and sensory properties of the formulated gnocchi were determined, and a Modified in vitro Stomach Stir Tank (MISST) system was used to determine in vitro digestibility. Adding meat significantly increased the fat and protein content of cooked gnocchi type products compared to the control sample...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018367/edta-shuttle-effect-vs-lignosulfonate-direct-effect-providing-zn-to-navy-bean-plants-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-negro-polo-in-a-calcareous-soil
#11
María T Cieschi, Ana Benedicto, Lourdes Hernández-Apaolaza, Juan J Lucena
Zn-Lignosulfonates (LS) fertilizers are used as an eco-friendly alternative to chelate formulations. The mechanisms of Zn release in the rhizosphere by both types of products are compared. The ability to provide Zn to Phaseolus vulgaris L of non-modified and chemically modified ZnLS and ZnEDTA is compared in a hydroponic assay. Stable isotope (67)Zn was used to study Zn source (fertilizer, ZnFer, or native, ZnNat) uptake and distribution in plants in two soil pot experiments. ZnEDTA was the best treatment to provide both ZnFer and ZnNat to navy bean plants...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018310/response-commentary-morphologically-distinct-escherichia-coli-bacteriophages-differ-in-their-efficacy-and-ability-to-stimulate-cytokine-release-in-vitro
#12
COMMENT
Mohammadali Khan Mirzaei, Yeneneh Haileselassie, Marit Navis, Callum Cooper, Eva Sverremark-Ekström, Anders S Nilsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013395/molecular-methods-resolve-the-bacterial-composition-of-natural-marine-biofilms-on-galvanically-coupled-stainless-steel-cathodes
#13
Athenia L Oldham, Mia K Steinberg, Kathleen E Duncan, Zakari Makama, Iwona Beech
Navy vessels consist of various metal alloys and biofilm accumulation at the metal surface is thought to play a role in influencing metal deterioration. To develop better strategies to monitor and control metallic biofilms, it is necessary to resolve the bacterial composition within the biofilm. This study aimed to determine if differences in electrochemical current could influence the composition of dominant bacteria in a metallic biofilm, and if so, determine the level of resolution using metagenomic amplicon sequencing...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994424/correlation-of-gingival-thickness-with-gingival-width-probing-depth-and-papillary-fill-in-maxillary-anterior-teeth-in-students-of-a-dental-college-in-navi-mumbai
#14
Jyotsna Singh, Varsha J Rathod, Prajakta R Rao, Aardra A Patil, Deepak G Langade, Roshan K Singh
CONTEXT: The gingival biotype is of utmost importance for esthetics and biologic function. Anatomical characteristic of periodontium such as gingival thickness (GT), width of keratinized gingiva, and alveolar bone morphology will determine the behavior of periodontium when subjected to physical, chemical, or bacterial insult or during therapeutic procedure. AIMS: The aim of this study was to correlate the GT with gingival width (GW), probing depth (PD), and papillary fill (PF) in relation to maxillary anterior region...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993433/sodium-restriction-in-patients-with-ckd-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-self-management-support
#15
Yvette Meuleman, Tiny Hoekstra, Friedo W Dekker, Gerjan Navis, Liffert Vogt, Paul J M van der Boog, Willem Jan W Bos, Gert A van Montfrans, Sandra van Dijk
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of self-managed sodium restriction in patients with chronic kidney disease. STUDY DESIGN: Open randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with moderately decreased kidney function from 4 hospitals in the Netherlands. INTERVENTION: Regular care was compared with regular care plus an intervention comprising education, motivational interviewing, coaching, and self-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and sodium...
December 16, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993180/intake-of-n-3-fatty-acids-and-long-term-outcome-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Ilse G Pranger, Eke G Gruppen, Else van den Berg, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Gerjan Navis, Rijk O B Gans, Frits A J Muskiet, Ido P Kema, Michel M Joosten, Stephan J L Bakker
Supplementation with n-3 fatty acids may improve long-term outcomes of renal transplant recipients (RTR). Recent evidence suggests that EPA and DHA have different outcomes compared with α-linolenic acid (ALA). We examined the prospective associations of EPA-DHA and ALA intakes with graft failure and all-cause mortality in 637 RTR. During 3·1 years (interquartile range 2·7, 3·8) of follow-up, forty-one developed graft failure and sixty-seven died. In age- and sex-adjusted analyses, EPA-DHA and ALA intakes were not associated with graft failure...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992431/intrinsic-image-decomposition-via-structure-preserving-image-smoothing-and-material-recognition
#17
Ali Nadian-Ghomsheh, Yassin Hassanian, Keyvan Navi
Decoupling shading and reflectance from complex scene-images is a long-standing problem in computer vision. We introduce a framework for decomposing an image into the product of an illumination component and a reflectance component. Due to the ill-posed nature of the problem, prior information on shading and reflectance is mandatory. The proposed method adopts the premise that pixels in a region with similar chromaticity values should have the same reflectance. This assumption was used to minimize the l2 norm of the local per-pixel reflectance gradients to extract the shading and reflectance components...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991461/the-viability-of-hearing-protection-device-fit-testing-at-navy-and-marine-corps-accession-points
#18
Jeremy Federman, Christon Duhon
INTRODUCTION: The viability of hearing protection device (HPD) verification (i.e., fit-testing) on a large scale was investigated to address this gap in a military accession environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Personal Attenuation Ratings (PARs) following self-fitted (SELF-Fit) HPDs were acquired from 320 US Marine Corps training recruits (87.5% male, 12.5% female) across four test protocols (1-, 3-, 5-, and 7- frequency). SELF-Fit failures received follow-up to assess potential causes...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984823/hydrochlorothiazide-in-intensive-care-unit-acquired-hypernatremia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Marjolein M C O van IJzendoorn, Hanneke Buter, W Peter Kingma, Matty Koopmans, Gerjan Navis, E Christiaan Boerma
PURPOSE: Thiazides are suggested as a treatment for intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired hypernatremia (IAH). The primary aim of the study was reducing serum sodium concentration (sNa) in patients with IAH with hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) in comparison to placebo. Secondary end points were a difference in urine sodium concentration (uNa) and duration of severe IAH. MATERIALS: A monocentric, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 50 patients with IAH and urine potassium + uNa less than sNa in a spot urine sample...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981681/development-and-validation-of-prescribing-quality-indicators-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Kirsten P J Smits, Grigory Sidorenkov, Nanno Kleefstra, Margriet Bouma, Marianne Meulepas, Jaco Voorham, Gerjan Navis, Henk J G Bilo, Petra Denig
AIM: Quality indicators are used to measure whether healthcare professionals act according to guidelines, but few indicators focus on the quality of pharmacotherapy for diabetes. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a set of prescribing quality indicators (PQIs) for type 2 diabetes in primary care, and to apply this set in practice. To take into account the stepwise treatment of chronic disease, clinical action indicators were specifically considered. METHODS: Potential PQIs were derived from clinical practice guidelines and evaluated using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method, a modified Delphi panel...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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