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M David Keller, John M Ziriax, William Barns, Benjamin Sheffield, Douglas Brungart, Tony Thomas, Bobby Jaeger, Kurt Yankaskas
Noise, hearing loss, and electronic signal distortion, which are common problems in military environments, can impair speech intelligibility and thereby jeopardize mission success. The current study investigated the impact that impaired communication has on operational performance in a command and control environment by parametrically degrading speech intelligibility in a simulated shipborne Combat Information Center. Experienced U.S. Navy personnel served as the study participants and were required to monitor information from multiple sources and respond appropriately to communications initiated by investigators playing the roles of other personnel involved in a realistic Naval scenario...
October 19, 2016: Hearing Research
J T Nelson, A A Swan, B Swiger, M Packer, M J Pugh
Hearing loss is the second most common disability awarded by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to former members of the U.S. uniformed services. Hearing readiness and conservation practices differ among the four largest uniformed military services (Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy). Utilizing a data set consisting of all hearing loss claims submitted to the VA from fiscal years 2003-2013, we examined characteristics of veterans submitting claims within one year of separation from military service...
October 18, 2016: Hearing Research
Gurmail Singh Paddan
INTRODUCTION: Measurements were made of the sound pressure levels on a military ship HMS Grimsby during firing of a Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) mounted on the starboard bridge wing. The measurement positions comprised three locations on the ship's bridge (the wheelhouse) and one location on the starboard bridge wing. Equipment and Procedure: The three locations on the bridge were the starboard door, centre and port door. A total of 255 burst firings were measured during the survey comprising 850 rounds with each burst encompassing from 1 to 10 rounds...
September 2016: Noise & Health
Joseph J Knapik, Daniel W Trone, Susan McGraw, Ryan A Steelman, Krista G Austin, Harris R Lieberman
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics...
October 9, 2016: Nutrients
Daniel Croom, Heather Tracy
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) syndromes represent a spectrum of illnesses that share common clinical and pathologic features of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ injury from pathologic small-vessel thrombosis. At least nine primary TMA syndromes have been described and classified based on common probable etiologies, diagnostic criteria, and treatments. The most recognized of the TMA syndromes include thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS)...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Adrian J Bravo, Michelle L Kelley, Brittany F Hollis
This study examined how work stressors were associated with sleep quality and alcohol-related problems among U.S. Navy members over the course of deployment. Participants were 101 U.S. Navy members assigned to an Arleigh Burke-class destroyer who experienced an 8-month deployment after Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom. Approximately 6 weeks prior to deployment, 6 weeks after deployment, and 6 months reintegration, participants completed measures that assessed work stressors, sleep quality, and alcohol-related problems...
October 10, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Yu Akaishi, Tetsuya Matsumoto, Yoshimi Harada, Yoji Hirayama
As the characteristics and accuracy of rapid influenza detection tests (RIDTs) vary, the development of a high-performance RIDT has been eagerly anticipated. In this study, we evaluated the new RIDT "GOLD SIGN FLU(®)" and the usual RIDT "Quick Navi-Flu(®)" in terms of detecting the influenza viruses A and B antigens in Japanese adults with influenza-like symptoms from December 2013 to March 2014. Among the 123 patients in whom nasopharyngeal swab specimens were collected, 59 tested positive (influenza A, 38; influenza B, 21) by viral isolation as the gold standard method...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
J Kuchenbecker
Colour vision is a complex visual function that can be affected by congenital and/or acquired disorders. The frequency of congenital colour vision deficiencies has been investigated in rail and navy staff since the 1870s. Various test methods have been developed. Wool tests, flor contrast tests and colour plate tests have been used. A published colour plate test, based on Stilling's pseudo-isochromatic plates in combination with a flor contrast test, has been a common screening method for colour vision testing in German-speaking countries...
October 5, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
M C O van IJzendoorn, H Buter, W P Kingma, G J Navis, E C Boerma
Background. ICU acquired hypernatremia (IAH, serum sodium concentration (sNa) ≥ 143 mmol/L) is mainly considered iatrogenic, induced by sodium overload and water deficit. Main goal of the current paper was to answer the following questions: Can the development of IAH indeed be explained by sodium intake and water balance? Or can it be explained by renal cation excretion? Methods. Two retrospective studies were conducted: a balance study in 97 ICU patients with and without IAH and a survey on renal cation excretion in 115 patients with IAH...
2016: Critical Care Research and Practice
W J W Bos, G J Navis
A recent meta-analysis published in The Lancet related sodium excretion to mortality in both hypertensive and normotensive subjects. High salt excretion, measured in a spot urine test, was related to increased mortality in hypertensive subjects only, whereas low sodium excretion was related to increased mortality in both hypertensive and normotensive subjects. Here we discuss practical consequences of this analysis. The data underline the importance of salt restriction in hypertension; the analysis also shows that there is a lower limit to salt restriction...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Erica C Borresen, Dustin G Brown, Greg Harbison, Lynn Taylor, Amanda Fairbanks, Joanne O'Malia, Marlon Bazan, Sangeeta Rao, Susan M Bailey, Melissa Wdowik, Tiffany L Weir, Regina J Brown, Elizabeth P Ryan
Consumption of navy beans (NB) and rice bran (RB) have been shown to inhibit colon carcinogenesis. Given the overall poor diet quality in colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors and low reported intake of whole grains and legumes, practical strategies to increase consumption merit attention. This study determined feasibility of increasing NB or RB intake in CRC survivors to increase dietary fiber and examined serum inflammatory biomarkers and telomere lengths. Twenty-nine subjects completed a randomized controlled trial with foods that included cooked NB powder (35 g/day), heat-stabilized RB (30 g/day), or no additional ingredient...
September 30, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
S Sivakumar, F S Taccone, K A Desai, C Lazaridis, M Skarzynski, M Sekhon, W Henderson, D Griesdale, L Chapple, A Deane, L Williams, R Strickland, K Lange, D Heyland, M Chapman, M J Rowland, P Garry, J Westbrook, R Corkill, C A Antoniades, K T Pattinson, G Fatania, A J Strong, R B Myers, C Lazaridis, C M Jermaine, C S Robertson, C G Rusin, J Hofmeijer, L Sondag, M C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, A Beishuizen, F H Bosch, M J A M van Putten, L Carteron, C Patet, D Solari, M Oddo, M A Ali, C Dias, R Almeida, A Vaz-Ferreira, J Silva, E Monteiro, A Cerejo, A P Rocha, A A Elsayed, A M Abougabal, B N Beshey, K M Alzahaby, S Pozzebon, A Blandino Ortiz, S Cristallini, O Lheureux, A Brasseur, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, M Hravnak, K Yousef, Y Chang, E Crago, R M Friedlander, S A Abdelmonem, S A Tahon, T A Helmy, H S Meligy, F Puig, I Dunn-Siegrist, J Pugin, S Gupta, D Govil, S Srinivasan, S J Patel, J K N, A Gupta, D S Tomar, M Shafi, R Harne, D P Arora, N Talwar, S Mazumdar, E E Papakrivou, D Makris, E Manoulakas, B Tsolaki, B Karadodas, E Zakynthinos, I Palacios Garcia, A Diaz Martin, V Sanchez Encinares, M Pachón Ibañez, J Garnacho Montero, G Labrador, T Cebrero Cangueiro, V Poulose, J Koh, J W Kam, H Yeter, A Kara, O Aktepe, A Topeli, I Tsolakoglou, G Intas, P Stergiannis, A A Kolaros, E Chalari, E Athanasiadou, A Martika, G Fildisis, V Faivre, C Mengelle, B Favier, D Payen, A Poppe, M S Winkler, E Mudersbach, J Schreiber, M L Wruck, E Schwedhelm, S Kluge, C Zöllner, T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, E Kondili, C Choulaki, E Meleti, D Kafetzopoulos, D Georgopoulos, G Briassoulis, A García-de la Torre, M V de la Torre-Prados, T Tsvetanova-Spasova, P Nuevo-Ortega, C Rueda-Molina, A Fernández-Porcel, E Camara-Sola, L Salido-Díaz, A García-Alcántara, T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, E Kondili, C Choulaki, D E Meleti, D Kafetzopoulos, D Georgopoulos, G Briassoulis, B Suberviola, J Riera, L Rellan, M Sanchez, J C Robles, E Lopez, R Vicente, E Miñambres, M Santibañez, M Le Guen, J Moore, N Mason, M Windpassinger, O Plattner, E Mascha, D I Sessler, Outcomes Research, U Melia, J Fontanet, J P van den Berg, M M R F Struys, H E M Vereecke, E W Jensen, P J T Rood, F van de Schoor, K van Tertholen, P Pickkers, M van den Boogaard, Z J Beardow, H Redhead, K Paramasivam, T Numan, M van den Boogaard, A M Kamper, P Rood, L M Peelen, P M Zeman, A J Slooter, C E van Ewijk, G E Jacobs, A R J Girbes, S N Myatra, M M Harish, N R Prabu, S Siddiqui, A P Kulkarni, J V Divatia, L D Murbach, M A Leite, E F Osaku, C R L M Costa, M Pelenz, N M Neitzke, M M Moraes, J L Jaskowiak, M M M Silva, R S Zaponi, L R L Abentroth, S M Ogasawara, A C Jorge, P A D Duarte, N Hernández-Sánchez, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, F J García-Guillen, S A Ñamendys-Silva, B Maghsoudi, M Emami, M B Khosravi, F Zand, H R Tabatabaie, M Masjedi, G Sabetiyan, A Mokri, J Troubleyn, M Diltoer, R Jacobs, D N Nguyen, E De Waele, J De Regt, P M Honoré, V Van Gorp, H D Spapen, R S Contreras, N D Toapanta, G Moreno, J Sabater, H Torrado, M Gonzalez, M Marin, E Farigola, A Gonzalez, J Fernandez, A Vera, X Gisbert, C Juliá, J Uya, L Corral, I Elias-Jones, L Gemmell, A MacKay, D Randall, A Adwaney, M Blunden, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, N Thomas, A Martin, H Owen, L Darwin, D Conway, D Atkinson, M Sharman, J Moore, C Barbanti, J Amour, P Gaudard, B Rozec, P Mauriat, M M'rini, P L Leger, G Cambonie, J M Liet, C Girard, S Laroche, P Damas, Z Assaf, G Loron, L Lecourt, P Pouard, D Randall, A Adwaney, M Blunden, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, S H Kim, S Na, J Kim, S Y Oh, C W Jung, S H Yoo, S H Min, E J Chung, H Lee, N J Lee, K W Lee, K S Suh, H G Ryu, D C Marshall, R J Goodson, J D Salciccioli, J Shalhoub, E K Potter, J Kirk-Bayley, N D Karanjia, L G Forni, B C Creagh-Brown, M Bossy, M Nyman, A Tailor, B Creagh-Brown, D D'Antini, S Spadaro, F Valentino, F Sollitto, G Cinnella, L Mirabella, F J Redondo Calvo, N Bejarano, D Padilla, V Baladron, P Villajero, R Villazala, J Redondo, A S Yuste, J Liu, F Shen, J L Teboul, N Anguel, A Beurton, N Bezaz, C Richard, X Monnet, T Fossali, R Colombo, D Ottolina, M Rossetti, C Mazzucco, A Marchi, A Porta, E Catena, K H Tollisen, G Ø Andersen, F Heyerdahl, D Jacobsen, M C de Waard, A R J Girbes, M C O van IJzendoorn, H Buter, W P Kingma, G J Navis, E C Boerma, J Rulisek, M Balik, S Zacharov, H S Kim, S J Jeon, H Namgung, E Lee, E Lee, Y J Cho, Y J Lee, A Huang, L Cioccari, N Luethi, J Mårtensson, R Bellomo, M Forsberg, G Edman, J Höjer, S Forsberg, M T Chiquito Freile, F N Hidalgo, J A Martinez Molina, R Lecumberri, A Figuerola Rosselló, P Medrano Travieso, G Tuero Leon, J Gonzalez Sanchez, L Sahuquillo Frias, D Balsells Rosello, J A Garcia Verdejo, J A Noria Serrano, D Winterwerp, T van Galen, A Vazin, I Karimzade, A Zand, E Ozen, S Ekemen, A Akcan, E Sen, B Buyukkidan Yelken, N Kureshi, L Fenerty, G Thibault-Halman, M Erdogan, S Walling, R S Green, D B Clarke, P Briassoulis, K Kalimeris, A Ntzouvani, T Nomikos, K Papaparaskeva, E Politi, G Kostopanagiotou, K Crewdson, M Rehn, A Weaver, K Brohi, D Lockey, S Wright, K Thomas, C Baker, L Mansfield, V Stafford, C Wade, G Watson, A Bryant, T Chadwick, J Shen, J Wilkinson, J Furneval, A Henderson, K Hugill, P Howard, A Roy, S Bonner, S Baudouin, C Sánchez Ramírez, S Hípola Escalada, M A Hernández Viera, M Cabrera Santana, L Caipe Balcázar, N Sangil Monroy, F Artiles Campelo, C F Lübbe Vázquez, P Saavedra Santana, S Ruiz Santana, L Carteron, C Patet, H Quintard, D Solari, P Bouzat, M Oddo, T Wollersheim, J Malleike, K Haas, N Carbon, J Schneider, C Birchmeier, J Fielitz, S Spuler, S Weber-Carstens, L Enseñat, A Pérez-Madrigal, P Saludes, L Proença, G Gruartmoner, C Espinal, J Mesquida, W Huber, M Eckmann, F Elkmann, A Gruber, T Lahmer, U Mayr, A Herner, R Schellnegger, J Schneider, R M Schmid, W Ayoub, W Samy, A Esmat, A Battah, S Mukhtar, W Mongkolpun, D Orbegozo Cortés, C P R Cordeiro, J L Vincent, J Creteur, S Funcke, H Groesdonk, B Saugel, G Wagenpfeil, S Wagenpfeil, D A Reuter, M M Fernandez, R Fernandez, M Magret, A González-Castro, M T Bouza, M Ibañez, C García, B Balerdi, A Mas, V Arauzo, J M Añón, F Ruiz, J Ferreres, R Tomás, M Alabert, A I Tizón, S Altaba, N Llamas, E C Goligher, E Fan, M Herridge, S Vorona, M Sklar, M Dres, N Rittayamai, A Lanys, C Urrea, G Tomlinson, W D Reid, G D Rubenfeld, B P Kavanagh, L J Brochard, N D Ferguson, A Serpa Neto, M Gama de Abreu, P Pelosi, M J Schultz, C Guérin, L Papazian, J Reignier, L Ayzac, A Loundou, J M Forel, C Rolland-Debord, C Bureau, T Poitou, M Clavel, S Perbet, N Terzi, A Kouatchet, T Similowski, A Demoule, N Hunfeld, Z Trogrlic, S Ladage, R J Osse, B Koch, W Rietdijk, J Devlin, M van der Jagt, E Picetti, P Ceccarelli, F Mensi, L Malchiodi, S Risolo, I Rossi, M V Antonini, F Servadei, M L Caspani, A Roquilly, S Lasocki, P Seguin, T Geeraerts, P F Perrigault, C Dahyot-Fizelier, C Paugam-Burtz, F Cook, R Cinotti, D Demeure Dit Latte, P J Mahe, C Fortuit, F Feuillet, K Asehnoune, C Marzorati, S Spina, V Scaravilli, A Vargiolu, M Riva, C Giussani, E Sganzerla, G Citerio, S Barbadillo, F J González de Molina, F Álvarez-Lerma, A Rodríguez, T Zakharkina, I Martin-Loeches, S Matamoros, P Povoa, A Torres, J Kastelijn, J J Hofstra, M de Jong, M Schultz, P Sterk, A Artigas, L J Bos, A S Moreau, I Martin-Loeches, P Povoa, J Salluh, A Rodriguez, S Nseir, E de Jong, J A van Oers, A Beishuizen, A R J Girbes, M W N Nijsten, D W de Lange, D Bonvicini, D Labate, L Benacchio, A Olivieri, E Pizzirani, J C Lopez-Delgado, M Gonzalez-Romero, V Fuentes-Mila, D Berbel-Franco, I Romera-Peregrina, A Martinez-Pascual, J Perez-Sanchez, R Abellan-Lencina, R E Ávila-Espinoza, G Moreno-Gonzalez, F Sbraga, S Griffiths, M P W Grocott, B Creagh-Brown, J Doyle, P Wilkerson, Y Soon, S Huddart, M Dickinson, A Riga, A Zuleika, K Miyamoto, Y Kawazoe, T Morimoto, T Yamamoto, A Fuke, A Hashimoto, H Koami, S Beppu, Y Katayama, M Ito, Y Ohta, H Yamamura, S L Rygård, L B Holst, J Wetterslev, P I Johansson, A Perner, I W Soliman, D W de Lange, D van Dijk, J J M van Delden, O L Cremer, A J C Slooter, L M Peelen, D McWilliams, C Snelson, A Das Neves, C I Loudet, M Busico, D Vazquez, D Villalba, M Veronesi, A Lischinsky, F J L López, L Benito Mori, G Plotnikow, A Díaz, S Giannasi, R Hernandez, L Krzisnik, C Cecotti, L Viola, R Lopez, J P Sottile, G Benavent, E Estenssoro, C M Chen, C C Lai, K C Cheng, W Chou, K S Chan, L E Roeker, C M Horkan, F K Gibbons, K B Christopher, P J M Weijs, K M Mogensen, J D Rawn, M K Robinson, K B Christopher, Z Tang, C Qiu, B Ouyang, C Cai, X Guan, T Regueira, L Cea, S Juan Carlos, B Elisa, C Puebla, A Vargas, M K Poulsen, L P Thomsen, S Kjærgaard, S E Rees, D S Karbing, T Wollersheim, S Frank, M C Müller, N M Carbon, V Skrypnikov, P A Pickerodt, R Falk, A Mahlau, S Weber-Carstens, A Lee, R Inglis, R Morgan, G Barker, K Kamata, T Abe, D Saitoh, Y Tokuda, R S Green, M B Butler, M Erdogan, H Tae Hwa, L Jae Gil, R Hernández Vaquero, E Rodriguez-Ruiz, A Lopez Lago, J L Garcia Allut, A Estany Gestal, M A Garcia Gonzalez, D O Thomas-Rüddel, D Schwarzkopf, C Fleischmann, K Reinhart, S Suwanpasu, Y Sattayasomboon, N M Filgueiras Filho, J C A Oliveira, C S Ballalai, C V De Lucia, G P Araponga, L N Veiga, C S Silva, M E Garrido, B B Ramos, E F Ricaldi, S S Gomes, L Gemmell, A MacKay, C Wright, R I Docking, P Doherty, E Black, P Stenhouse, M P Plummer, M E Finnis, L K Phillips, P Kar, S Bihari, V Biradar, S Moodie, M Horowitz, J E Shaw, A M Deane, T Yatabe, S Inoue, M Sakaguchi, M Egi, Y Ali Abdelhamid, M P Plummer, M E Finnis, L K Phillips, P Kar, S Bihari, V Biradar, S Moodie, M Horowitz, J E Shaw, A M Deane, M Hokka, M Egi, S Mizobuchi, P Kar, M Plummer, Y Ali Abdelhamid, E Giersch, M Summers, S Hatzinikolas, S Heller, M Chapman, K Jones, M Horowitz, A Deane, R Schweizer, M Jacquet-Lagreze, P Portran, S Junot, B Allaouchiche, J L Fellahi, P Guerci, B Ergin, A Kapucu, C Ince, L Cioccari, N Luethi, M Crisman, R Bellomo, J Mårtensson, C Righy Shinotsuka, D Fagnoul, A Brasseur, D Orbegozo, J L Vincent, J C Preiser, J C Preiser, O Lheureux, A Thooft, S Brimioulle, J L Vincent, H Iwasaka, S Tahara, M Nagamine, A Ichigatani, A Rugerio Cabrera, E Monares Zepeda, J Franco Granillo, J S Aguirre Sánchez, A A Tanaka Montoya, A Pedraza Montenegro, G A Gálvez Blanco, C M Coronado Robles, A Drolz, T Horvatits, K Roedl, K Rutter, S Kluge, G C Funk, B Schneeweiss, V Fuhrmann, G Sabetian, F Pooresmaeel, F Zand, S Ghaffaripour, A Farbod, H Tabei, L Taheri, R Anandanadesan, V Metaxa, C Teixeira, S M Pereira, P Hernández-Marrero, A S Carvalho, M Beckmann, C S Hartog, D Schwarzkopf, A Raadts, A Robertsen, R Førde, N O Skaga, E Helseth, S Honeybul, K Ho, P Martinez Lopez, M Nieto Gonzalez, P Nuevo Ortega, E Camara Sola, T Spasova, M V de la Torre-Prados, O Kopecky, K Rusinova, P Waldauf, Z Cepeplikova, M Balik, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Matia Almudevar, S Alcántara Carmona, J J Rubio Muñoz, D Palacios Castañeda, A Naharro Abellán, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J Veganzones Ramos, L Pérez Pérez, A Pérez Lucendo, M Camós Ejarque, A Estella, V Lopez Camps, M C Martín, N Masnou, S Barbosa, A Varela, I Palma, L Cristina, E Nunes, I Pereira, G Campello, C Granja, R Pande, M Pandey, S Varghese, M Chanu, M J Van Dam, E W M T Ter Braak, A Estella, M Gracia, R Viciana, M Recuerda, L Perez Fontaiña, B Tharmalingam, F Kovari, L Rose, M Mcginlay, R Amin, K Burns, B Connolly, N Hart, P Jouvet, S Katz, D Leasa, C Mawdsley, D Mcauley, M Schultz, B Blackwood, S Denham, R Worrall, M Arshad, P Isherwood, A Khadjibaev, D Sabirov, A Rosstalnaya, F Parpibaev, V Sharipova, G A Galvez Blanco, C I Olvera Guzman, J S Aguirre Sánchez, J Franco Granillo, S Gupta, D Govil, S Srinivasan, S J Patel, J K N, A Gupta, M Shafi, D S Tomar, R Harne, D P Arora, N Talwar, S Mazumdar, Y S Cha, S J Lee, N Tyagi, R K Rajput, S Taneja, V K Singh, S C Sharma, S Mittal, B K Rao, J Ayachi, N Fraj, S Romdhani, A Khedher, K Meddeb, N Sma, A Azouzi, R Bouneb, I Chouchene, M El Ghardallou, M Boussarsar, R Jennings, E Walter, J M Ribeiro, I Moniz, R Marçal, A C Santos, C Candeias, Z Costa E Silva, S E Zamora Gomez, O R Perez Nieto, J A Castanon Gonzalez, A I Vasquez Cuellar, H Mildh, V Pettilä, A M Korhonen, S Karlsson, T Ala-Kokko, M Reinikainen, S T Vaara, M Zaleska-Kociecka, M Grabowski, M Dąbrowski, S Wozniak, K Piotrowska, M Banaszewski, J Imiela, J Stepinska, A González Pérez, P Florez Ordoñez, A Giribet, M A Alonso Cuervo, R Alonso Cuervo, M A Rodriguez Esteban, L Iglesias Fraile, C Ponte Mittelbrum, G Muñiz Albaiceta, J Koeze, F Keus, W Dieperink, I C C van der Horst, M van Meurs, J G Zijlstra, S Roberts, C Hernandez Caballero, G Isgro, D Hall, S Beitland, A-M S Trøseid, B S Brusletto, B E Waldum-Grevbo, J P Berg, K Sunde, D García Huertas, F Manzano, M M Jiménez- Quintana, A Osuna, F Santiago-Ruiz, C Rodríguez-Mejías, R Wangensteen, H R Jamaati, M Masjedi, F Zand, S M R Hashemian, G Sabetian, G Abbasi, V Khaloo, S H A Tabei, A Kafilzadeh, H Haddad Bakhodaei, J A Diaz, R Silva, D J Garcia, E Luis, M N Gomez, R Soriano, P L Gonzalez, I A Ibrahim, M M Rafik, A M Al-Ansary, M A Algendi, A A Ali, V Fuhrmann, K Roedl, T Horvatits, A Drolz, K Rutter, D Benten, J Kluwe, S Siedler, S Kluge, I Adedugbe, G T Bird, R M Kennedy, S Sharma, M B Butler, G Yugi, B A Haroon, T Witter, W Khaliq, M Singer, A A Havaldar, B Krishna, S Sriram, E D Valenzuela Espinoza, M O Pozo, V S Kanoore Edul, M Furche, M F Motta, A Risso Vazquez, P N Rubatto Birri, C Ince, A Dubin, A Dogliotti, A Ramos, C Lovesio, E Delile, R Nevière, P-A Thiébaut, J Maupoint, P Mulder, D Coquerel, S Renet, J C do Rego, J Rieusset, V Richard, F Tamion, W Khaliq, D T Andreis, M Singer, B Smit, Y M Smulders, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans van Straaten, A R J Girbes, E C Eringa, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, L Alegría, D Soto, C Luengo, J Gomez, N Jarufe, A Bruhn, R Castro, E Kattan, P Tapia, R Rebolledo, P Achurra, G Ospina-Tascón, J Bakker, G Hernández, P Bertini, F Guarracino, R Baldassarri, M R Pinsky, L Alegría, M Vera, J Dreyse, D Carpio, C Henriquez, D Gajardo, S Bravo, R Castro, G Ospina-Tascón, J Bakker, G Hernández, S Kim, M Lee, S Y Park, S So, H Lee, M B Kačar, S M Kačar, I Uddin, A M Belhaj, M A Aydın, D Avsec, A Kapuağası, Ç Kaymak, L Kovach, I Şencan, B Meço, M Özçelik, N Ünal, C Lazaridis, B Jenni-Moser, M-M Jeitziner, M S Galassi, F L Sales, K C L de Moraes, C L Batista, J A de Souza Júnior, T B Marcari, R Lobato, C S A A Castro, L M de Souza, F F P Rodrigues, N G Correa, A M Pelegrini, R A C Eid, K T Timenetsky, D Cazati, M Lobato, P S Diniz, L L Rocha, A M Cavalheiro, N M Lucinio, E R Santos, M Norrenberg, A Gleize, J C Preiser, I Fernández Simón, S Alcántara Carmona, I Lipperheide Valhonrat, J Palamidessi Domínguez, A Naharro Abellán, P Matía Almudévar, F Dávila, J J Rubio, A J Ramos, Á J Roldán Reina, N Palomo López, M Adriaensens Pérez, D X Cuenca Apolo, L Martín Villén, F M Porras López, I Palacios García, J R Naranjo 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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Lukas Schuster, Monika Bright
Symbioses between ciliate hosts and prokaryote or unicellular eukaryote symbionts are widespread. Here, we report on a novel ciliate species within the genus Zoothamnium Bory de St. Vincent, 1824, isolated from shallow-water sunken wood in the North Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea), proposed as Zoothamnium ignavum sp. nov. We found this ciliate species to be associated with a novel genus of bacteria, here proposed as "Candidatus Navis piranensis" gen. nov., sp. nov. The descriptions of host and symbiont species are based on morphological and ultrastructural studies, the SSU rRNA sequences, and in situ hybridization with symbiont-specific probes...
2016: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
This report contains an update through June 2016 of the results of routine screening for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among civilian applicants for military service and among members of the active and reserve components of the U.S. Armed Forces. During the surveillance period, annual seroprevalences among civilian applicants for military service peaked in 2015 (0.31 per 1,000 tested), up 29% from 2014 (0.24 per 1,000 tested). Seroprevalences among Marine Corps reservists, Navy active component service members, and Navy reservists also peaked in 2015...
September 2016: MSMR
D Khoshdel-Navi, A Shabestani-Monfared, M R Deevband, R Abdi, M Nabahati
BACKGROUND: The most efficient application of ionizing radiation is serving medical purposes and using this radiation has caused people to learn that artificial sources of radiation exposure among these resources can be of highest exposure rate. OBIECTIVE: The present study is aimed at initially establishing a baseline for local-reference dose level in Mazandaran, Iran in 12 projections of the most conventional x-ray examination. METHODS: In this study, 13 public hospitals in Mazandaran province were selected for review and required data collected for ten adult patients with mean weight of 70±10kg in each projection...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
L J Peng, L L Mao, C F Bi, L P Li, W Yao, D Y Xia, Z W Wang, X K Qi, H R Qian
Objective: To provide evidence for early clinical diagnosis of multiple system atrophy(MSA)by studying the characteristics of sympathetic skin responses(SSR) in the patients with MSA. Methods: A total of 47 MSA patients and 32 healthy individuals were enrolled as case group and normal control(NC) group, from in and out patients of Neurology Department of Navy General Hospital from July 2013 to August 2015. SSR was tested by Nicolet electromyography, the latency and abnormal and disappeared rate of SSR were compared...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Harshit Mishra, Subhankar Karmakar, Rakesh Kumar, Jitendra Singh
Landfilling is a cost-effective method, which makes it a widely used practice around the world, especially in developing countries. However, because of the improper management of landfills, high leachate leakage can have adverse impacts on soils, plants, groundwater, aquatic organisms, and, subsequently, human health. A comprehensive survey of the literature finds that the probabilistic quantification of uncertainty based on estimations of the human health risks due to landfill leachate contamination has rarely been reported...
September 24, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Panagiotis Matsangas, Nita Lewis Shattuck
OBJECTIVE: To assess the similarities and differences between reported levels of fatigue and sleepiness as a consequence of working at sea. PARTICIPANTS: 767 crewmembers of a U.S. Navy ship. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a survey to include questions about demographics, caffeine consumption, sleep adequacy, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS). RESULTS: ESS scores (8.41 ± 4.66) indicated that 32% of the participants had excessive daytime sleepiness (ESS score > 10), while approximately 7% had an ESS score of 16 or more...
September 23, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Prashant D Kunjadia, Gaurav V Sanghvi, Anju P Kunjadia, Pratap N Mukhopadhyay, Gaurav S Dave
BACKGROUND: Total three Pleurotus species (P. ostreatus, P. sapidus, P. florida) was compared for ligninolytic enzyme production grown with Coralene Golden Yellow, Coralene Navy Blue and Coralene Dark Red azo dyes in liquid medium under shaking condition. RESULTS: The biodegradation competency varied from species to species and it was found that P. ostreatus, P. sapidus and P. florida to 20 ppm dye concentration shows 88, 92 and 98 % decolorization, respectively for all three dyes...
2016: SpringerPlus
Kirsten P J Smits, Grigory Sidorenkov, Henk J G Bilo, Margriet Bouma, Gerjan J Navis, Petra Denig
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Quality indicators (QIs) can be used for measuring the quality of actions of healthcare providers. This systematic review gives an overview of such QIs measuring processes of care for chronic kidney disease (CKD), and identifies the QIs that have content, face, operational and/or predictive validity. METHODS: PubMed and Embase were searched using a strategy combining the terms "quality of care," "quality indicators" and "chronic kidney disease"...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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