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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#1
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792469/unpacking-team-process-dynamics-and-emergent-phenomena-challenges-conceptual-advances-and-innovative-methods
#2
Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao
Psychologists have studied small-group and team effectiveness for decades, and although there has been considerable progress, there remain significant challenges. Meta-analyses and systematic research have provided solid evidence for core team cognitive, motivational, affective, and behavioral processes that contribute to team effectiveness and empirical support for interventions that enhance team processes (e.g., team design, composition, training, and leadership); there has been substantial evidence for a science of team effectiveness...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792468/teamwork-and-collaboration-in-long-duration-space-missions-going-to-extremes
#3
Lauren Blackwell Landon, Kelley J Slack, Jamie D Barrett
The scientific study of teamwork in the context of spaceflight has uncovered a considerable amount of knowledge over the past 20 years. Although much is known about the underlying factors and processes of teamwork, much is left to be discovered for teams who will be operating in extreme isolation and confinement during a future Mars mission. Special considerations must be made to enhance teamwork and team well-being for multi-year missions during which the small team will live and work together. We discuss the unique challenges of effective teamwork in a Mars mission scenario, and the difficulties of studying teamwork using analogs of the space environment...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792467/interdisciplinary-team-science-and-the-public-steps-toward-a-participatory-team-science
#4
Jacob Kraemer Tebes, Nghi D Thai
Interdisciplinary team science involves research collaboration among investigators from different disciplines who work interdependently to share leadership and responsibility. Although over the past several decades there has been an increase in knowledge produced by science teams, the public has not been meaningfully engaged in this process. We argue that contemporary changes in how science is understood and practiced offer an opportunity to reconsider engaging the public as active participants on teams and coin the term participatory team science to describe public engagement in team science...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792464/debriefs-teams-learning-from-doing-in-context
#5
Joseph A Allen, Roni Reiter-Palmon, John Crowe, Cliff Scott
Debriefs are a type of work meeting in which teams discuss, interpret, and learn from recent events during which they collaborated. In a variety of forms, debriefs are found across a wide range of organizational types and settings. Well-conducted debriefs can improve team effectiveness by 25% across a variety of organizations and settings. For example, the U.S. military adopted debriefs decades ago to promote learning and performance across the various services. Subsequently, debriefs have been introduced in the medical field, the fire service, aviation, education, and in a variety of organizational training and simulation environments...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792463/terrorist-teams-as-loosely-coupled-systems
#6
Matthias Spitzmuller, Guihyun Park
Acts of terrorism can be harrowing and cause extensive damage, yet they occur far too frequently. How do terrorist groups organize and coordinate their attacks? What makes those groups simultaneously cohesive and flexible in a hostile environment? Different academic disciplines have contributed to a better understanding of the proliferation of terrorist acts in recent years. With very few exceptions, however, extant psychological research on terrorism has almost exclusively focused on the individual terrorist...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792461/teamwork-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#7
Jennifer N Ervin, Jeremy M Kahn, Taya R Cohen, Laurie R Weingart
Intensive care units (ICUs) provide care to the most severely ill hospitalized patients. Although ICUs increasingly rely on interprofessional teams to provide critical care, little about actual teamwork in this context is well understood. The ICU team is typically comprised of physicians or intensivists, clinical pharmacists, respiratory therapists, dieticians, bedside nurses, clinical psychologists, and clinicians-in-training. ICU teams are distinguished from other health care teams in that they are low in temporal stability, which can impede important team dynamics...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792459/teamwork-in-healthcare-key-discoveries-enabling-safer-high-quality-care
#8
Michael A Rosen, Deborah DiazGranados, Aaron S Dietz, Lauren E Benishek, David Thompson, Peter J Pronovost, Sallie J Weaver
Few industries match the scale of health care. In the United States alone, an estimated 85% of the population has at least 1 health care encounter annually and at least one quarter of these people experience 4 to 9 encounters annually. A single visit requires collaboration among a multidisciplinary group of clinicians, administrative staff, patients, and their loved ones. Multiple visits often occur across different clinicians working in different organizations. Ineffective care coordination and the underlying suboptimal teamwork processes are a public health issue...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792458/the-trade-offs-of-teamwork-among-stem-doctoral-graduates
#9
Kevin M Kniffin, Andrew S Hanks
Teamwork has increasingly become prevalent in professional fields such as academic science, perhaps partly because research shows that teams tend to produce superior work. Although research on teamwork has typically focused on its impact on work products, we complement that work by examining the degree to which teamwork influences salary, hours worked, and overall job satisfaction. Drawing on microdata collected through the National Science Foundation's Survey of Doctorate Recipients as well as the Survey of Earned Doctorates, we find that doctoral degree holders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields tend to earn substantially higher salaries and work more hours when they engage in teamwork...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792457/evaluating-problem-solving-teams-in-k-12-schools-do-they-work
#10
Sylvia Rosenfield, Markeda Newell, Scott Zwolski, Lauren E Benishek
Teams and other collaborative structures have become commonplace in American schools, although historically school staff members functioned more independently from one another. In this article, we describe the growing influence of collaboration and teaming in a variety of school contexts, but focus on the empirical literature on problem-solving teams as reflecting the state of research and practice in the schools. A review of the research on problem-solving teams, using an input-mediator-outcome-input framework, provides evidence for how teaming could become more effective and efficient in this context as well as sets an agenda for what additional research is needed...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792456/teamwork-situated-in-multiteam-systems-key-lessons-learned-and-future-opportunities
#11
Marissa L Shuffler, Dorothy R Carter
Many important contexts requiring teamwork, including health care, space exploration, national defense, and scientific discovery, present important challenges that cannot be addressed by a single team working independently. Instead, the complex goals these contexts present often require effectively coordinated efforts of multiple specialized teams working together as a multiteam system (MTS). For almost 2 decades, researchers have endeavored to understand the novelties and nuances for teamwork and collaboration that ensue when teams operate together as "component teams" in these interdependent systems...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792453/team-composition-and-the-abcs-of-teamwork
#12
Suzanne T Bell, Shanique G Brown, Anthony Colaneri, Neal Outland
In teams, some combinations of people work together better than others. A large body of literature with a rich history suggests that the configuration of team member attributes, called team composition, has a fundamental influence on teamwork. Team composition shapes the emergence of affective states, behavioral processes, and cognitive states (the ABCs of teamwork), which ultimately affect how teams meet their objectives. The purpose of this article is to describe what is known about team composition and its influence on the ABCs of teamwork...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792450/the-evolution-of-work-team-research-since-hawthorne
#13
John E Mathieu, Mikhail A Wolfson, Semin Park
Since the Hawthorne studies of the 1920s and 1930s, there has been tremendous progress in the science and the practice of work group effectiveness. We chronicle the evolution of 3 schools of thought concerning work groups that spawned about the time of those studies. We highlight the different emphases of each perspective and how they eventually merged into an integrated view of teamwork. We also illustrate the disciplinary ebbs and flows of work group research over the past quarter century and how many different scholars from diverse institutions are currently contributing to the literature...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792390/mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams-and-crisis-care-systems-in-england-a-national-survey
#14
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Danielle Lamb, Joseph Barnby, Michelle Eskinazi, Amelia Turner, Sonia Johnson
Aims and methodA national survey investigated the implementation of mental health crisis resolution teams (CRTs) in England. CRTs were mapped and team managers completed an online survey. RESULTS: Ninety-five per cent of mapped CRTs (n = 233) completed the survey. Few CRTs adhered fully to national policy guidelines. CRT implementation and local acute care system contexts varied substantially. Access to CRTs for working-age adults appears to have improved, compared with a similar survey in 2012, despite no evidence of higher staffing levels...
May 24, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792340/multidisciplinary-care-model-for-hiv-improves-treatment-outcome-a-single-centre-experience-from-the-middle-east
#15
Ali Elgalib, Halima Al-Sawafi, Bina Kamble, Saud Al-Harthy, Qamra Al-Sariri
Multidisciplinary team (MDT) care models have been shown to improve clinical outcomes among HIV patients. We aim to assess the impact of adopting MDT approach in a tertiary HIV clinic in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. We introduced MDT approach in our HIV centre in January 2016 where existing team members (counsellors, nurses, social workers, pharmacists and doctors) worked together, through care pathways, to support patients as they go through the HIV care continuum from diagnosis to viral suppression. Notes were reviewed for demographics and clinical data...
May 24, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791729/implementation-of-reach-up-early-childhood-parenting-program-acceptability-appropriateness-and-feasibility-in-brazil-and-zimbabwe
#16
Joanne A Smith, Helen Baker-Henningham, Alexandra Brentani, Rose Mugweni, Susan P Walker
Young children need nurturing care, which includes responsive caregiver-child interactions and opportunities to learn. However, there are few extant large-scale programs that build parents' abilities to provide this. We have developed an early childhood parenting training package, called Reach Up, with the aim of providing an evidence-based, adaptable program that is feasible for low-resource settings. Implementation of Reach Up was evaluated in Brazil and Zimbabwe to inform modifications needed and identify challenges that implementers and delivery agents encountered...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791636/family-health-strategy-relevance-to-the-functional-capacity-of-older-people
#17
Carla Silvana de Oliveira E Silva, Mayke Müller Soares Barbosa, Lucinéia de Pinho, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo, Caroline Oliveira Amaral, Franciele Ornelas Cunha, Elaine Cristina Santos Alves, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: to identify the functional capacity of older people based on their performance on basic activities of daily living. METHOD: a cross-sectional study, carried out through the record of the Family Health teams working in the urban area of a city in northern Minas Gerais, in 2015. To assess the functional capacity of 373 older people, the Katz Scale was applied, which includes dimensions on the performance of daily living activities. The interviews took place in the participants' households...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791466/understanding-health-advocacy-in-family-medicine-and-psychiatry-curricula-and-practice-a-qualitative-study
#18
Sophie Soklaridis, Carrie Bernard, Genevieve Ferguson, Lisa Andermann, Mark Fefergrad, Kenneth Fung, Karl Iglar, Andrew Johnson, Morag Paton, Cynthia Whitehead
BACKGROUND: We explored understanding and experiences of health advocacy among psychiatry and family medicine residents and faculty and the implications for clinical care and teaching through the lens of relationship-centred care. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in the psychiatry and family medicine departments at a large urban university. We interviewed 19 faculty members and conducted two focus groups with 18 residents. Semi-structured questions explored the relational meaning of health advocacy, how residents and faculty learned about the role and ethical considerations involved in incorporating advocacy work into clinical practice within a relationship-centred care framework...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790445/a-study-of-deficiencies-in-teamwork-skills-among-jordan-caregivers
#19
Omar Al-Araidah, Nader Al Theeb, Mariam Bader, Nabeel Mandahawi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present the deficiencies in teamwork skills at Jordan hospitals as seen by team members. The study aims to identify training needs to improve teamwork-related soft skills of caregivers to enhance staff satisfaction and improve quality of care. Moreover, the paper provides a methodology to identify the training needs in any healthcare workplace by repeating the same questionnaire. Design/methodology/approach A self-administrated questionnaire was designed to study deficiencies in teamwork and team leadership at Jordan hospitals as seen by team members...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789874/the-interventional-radiology-ir-gender-gap-a-prospective-online-survey-by-the-cardiovascular-and-interventional-radiological-society-of-europe-cirse
#20
Tze Min Wah, Anna Maria Belli
AIM: A prospective online survey was conducted by the Cardiovascular Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) to evaluate the gender gap within interventional radiology (IR) and the barriers facing women in IR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire ("Appendix") was devised by the authors and the CIRSE communication and publication team and sent electronically to 750 identifiable female members of CIRSE. Responses were collected from 7 August to 24 August 2017...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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