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Akatsuki Kokaze, Mamoru Ishikawa, Naomi Matsunaga, Kanae Karita, Masao Yoshida, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Takahiko Yoshimoto, Akira Minoura, Kosuke Oikawa, Masao Satoh, Hiromi Hoshino, Yutaka Takashima
BACKGROUND: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism has been shown to modify the association of coffee consumption with the risk of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and abnormal glucose tolerance, and low serum chloride levels have been shown to be associated with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism influences the association of coffee consumption with serum chloride levels in male Japanese health checkup examinees...
September 20, 2018: Nutrients
Olga Vinogradova, Dilip Krishnamurthy, Vikram Pande, Venkatasubramanian Viswanathan
Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations have been widely used to predict the activity of catalysts based on the free energies of reaction intermediates. The incorporation of the state of the catalyst surface under the electrochemical operating conditions while constructing the free energy diagram is crucial, without which even trends in activity predictions could be imprecisely captured. Surface Pourbaix diagrams indicate the surface state as a function of the pH and the potential. In this work, we utilize error-estimation capabilities within the BEEF-vdW exchange correlation functional as an ensemble approach to propagate the uncertainty associated with the adsorption energetics in the construction of Pourbaix diagrams...
September 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ryszard Piasecki, Agata Michalak, Halina Cichoż-Lach
Patients with liver cirrhosis are a group particularly exposed to the development of water and electrolyte disturbances, having a significant impact on the course of the disease and the quality of life. Precise and rapid assessment of the hydration status of patients often determines the further course of the disease, the success of treatment and the time of hospitalization. For this reason, it is important to maintain the water and electrolyte balance in a state of equilibrium. So far, no one optimized diagnostic tool has been found to assess the hydration status of the organism, which would become a gold standard...
September 21, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Jianan Chen, Chang Liu, Yu-Ting Huang, Hyeonseok Lee, Shien-Ping Feng
Highly sensitive and selective non-enzymatic glucose detection was developed using nanoporous Ag flowers on a Ni substrate. The cyclic scanning electrodeposition (CSE) method was used to fabricate Ag flowers on a Ni substrate in an alkaline electrolyte. The nanoporous Ag flowers were then formed by repeated CSE in NaOH. The growth mechanisms of the nanoporous Ag flowers were systematically studied, and these mechanisms can be extended to the formation of other metal, bimetallic or metal oxides. The synthesized three-dimensional nanoporous Ag flowers on the Ni substrate were used in the electro-oxidation of glucose detection, demonstrating a wide linear range (0...
September 21, 2018: Nanotechnology
Li Ma, Qiuming Gao, Weiqian Tian, Qiang Zhang, Hong Xiao, Zeyu Li, Hang Zhang, Xuehui Tian
Large size reduced graphene oxide MRG-900-10 with lateral size of several micrometers and thickness of 4-6 monosheets is prepared via combined microwave intermittent heating and extraction process. The MRG-900-10 has high C/O molar ratio (5.89) and content of sp2 C (69.0%), which lead to a fast electronic transmission in the sample. Besides, the MRG-900-10 possesses a large specific surface area of 568.2 m2 g-1, which increases the contact surface area between the active material and the electrolyte, thus enhancing the electrons and ions transports in the interfaces when used as the electrode material in supercapacitor...
September 21, 2018: ChemSusChem
Joshua M Bauml, Ravi Vinnakota, Yeun-Hee Anna Park, Susan E Bates, Tito Fojo, Charu Aggarwal, Sewanti Limaye, Nevena Damjanov, Jessica Di Stefano, Christine Ciunci, Eric M Genden, Juan P Wisnivesky, Rocco Ferrandino, Ronac Mamtani, Corey J Langer, Roger B Cohen, Keith Sigel
Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is an established component of the nonoperative management of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), but the standard dose of 100 mg/m2 cisplatin every 3 weeks is associated with clinically significant toxicity. Interest in a more tolerable regimen has led to the widespread use of weekly lower dose cisplatin, but few randomized trials have compared these approaches. Methods: We examined outcomes of patients with stage III-IVb HNSCC treated with definitive intent chemoradiotherapy using either high-dose cisplatin (HDC) or low-dose cisplatin (LDC), using population-based Veterans Affairs data...
September 18, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Ryan W Haines, Christopher J Kirwan, John R Prowle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is now the mainstay of renal organ support in the critically ill. As our understanding of CRRT delivery and its impact on patient outcomes improves there is a focus on researching the potential benefits of tailored, patient-specific treatments to meet dynamic needs. RECENT FINDINGS: The most up-to-date studies investigating aspects of CRRT prescription that can be individualized: CRRT dose, timing, fluid management, membrane selection, anticoagulation and vascular access are reviewed...
September 18, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Qingguo Li, Weixing Dai, Huixun Jia, Yaqi Li, Ye Xu, Xinxiang Li, Guoxiang Cai, Sanjun Cai
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that electrolyte disorders might be a negative prognostic factor for some diseases. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the prognostic role of electrolyte disorders in patients with stage I to III colorectal cancer who received radical surgical resection. DESIGN: This study was retrospectively performed. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a single tertiary care center...
September 19, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Qiang Yi, Wenqiang Zhang, Shaoqing Li, Xinyuan Li, Chunwen Sun
High-performance electrolytes and electrode materials play a critical role in advanced sodium-ion batteries with higher energy densities. In this work, we prepared a polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)-filled composite electrolyte (named as GHSE) by in situ polymerization of methylmethacrylate (MMA) in the porous Na3Zr2Si2PO12-polymer vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene (NZSPO-PVDF-HFP) composite membrane for the first time. The GHSE membrane exhibits a high ionic conductivity (2.78 ×10-3 S cm-1), wide electrochemical window (~4...
September 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wenguang Xi, Gang Yan, Zhongling Lang, Yuanyuan Ma, Huaqiao Tan, Haotian Zhu, Yonghui Wang, Yangguang Li
A rationally designed oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalyst with advanced structural and compositional superiority is highly desirable to optimize electrocatalytic performance. Prussian blue analogues (PBAs) with adjustable element compositions and accessible porous structures represent a promising precursor for the preparation of OER catalysts. Herein, oxygen-doped nickel iron phosphide nanocube arrays (Ni2 P/(NiFe)2 P(O) NAs) grown on Ni foam is rationally designed and fabricated from PBAs. The porous structure and the synergistic effect of Ni and Fe enable superior electrocatalytic performance and stability toward the OER in alkaline electrolytes...
September 21, 2018: Small
Fang Luo, Quan Zhang, Xinxin Yu, Shenglin Xiao, Ying Ling, Hao Hu, Long Guo, Zehui Yang, Liang Huang, Weiwei Cai, Hansong Cheng
Efficient bifunctional electrocatalyst toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is highly desirable to substitute platinum and iridium oxide for water splitting. Herein, we report a novel palladium phosphide electrocatalyst supported on carbon black (PdP2@CB) for efficient water splitting in both alkaline and neutral electrolytes. Significantly lower overpotentials are required for PdP2@CB (27.5 mV in 0.5 M H2SO4; 35.4 mV in 1 M KOH; 84.6 mV in 1 M PBS) to achieve the HER electrocatalytic current density of 10 mA cm-2 compared to commercial Pt/CB (30...
September 21, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Michal Struzik, Inigo Garbayo, Reto Pfenninger, Jennifer L M Rupp
In the goal of a sustainable energy future, either the energy efficiency of renewable energy sources is increased, day-to-day energy consumption by smart electronic feedback loops is managed in a more efficient way, or contribution to atmospheric CO2 is reduced. By defining a next generation of fast-response electrochemical CO2 sensors and materials, one can contribute to local monitoring of CO2 flows from industrial plants and processes, for energy management and building control or to track climate alterations...
September 20, 2018: Advanced Materials
Xuehui Cao, Fangfang Zhang, Danshi Zhu, Dongyu Zhao, Liping Liu
The aim of this work was to analyse the effect of different osmotic dehydration (OD) processes (sucrose, trehalose, glucose, lactose) as a pre-treatment for grape before exposure to freezing. The osmotic treatment had less effect on blueberry moisture content among different sugars. Impregnation with sugars decreases the freezing time of grapes, compared to untreated grapes. Trehalose and lactose had a remarkable effect on shortening the time for grapes to pass the zone of maximum crystallisation of ice. It was concluded that drip loss and electrolyte permeability of cell membranes decreased and the soluble solids content increased after osmotic dehydration treatment...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Texture Studies
Junjian Zheng, Kaili Yan, Zhichao Wu, Mingxian Liu, Zhiwei Wang
Removal of sulfanilic acid (SA) from water is an urgent but still challenging task. Herein, we developed a low pressure electrochemical membrane filtration (EMF) system for SA decontamination using RuO2 -TiO2 @Ti/PVDF composite membrane to serve as not only a filter but also an anode. Results showed that efficient removal of SA was achieved in this EMF system. At a charging voltage of 1.5 V and a electrolyte concentration of 15 mM, flow-through operation with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 2 h led to a high SA removal efficiency (80...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Titus Masese, Kazuki Yoshii, Yoichi Yamaguchi, Toyoki Okumura, Zhen-Dong Huang, Minami Kato, Keigo Kubota, Junya Furutani, Yuki Orikasa, Hiroshi Senoh, Hikari Sakaebe, Masahiro Shikano
Rechargeable potassium-ion batteries have been gaining traction as not only promising low-cost alternatives to lithium-ion technology, but also as high-voltage energy storage systems. However, their development and sustainability are plagued by the lack of suitable electrode materials capable of allowing the reversible insertion of the large potassium ions. Here, exploration of the database for potassium-based materials has led us to discover potassium ion conducting layered honeycomb frameworks. They show the capability of reversible insertion of potassium ions at high voltages (~4 V for K2 Ni2 TeO6 ) in stable ionic liquids based on potassium bis(trifluorosulfonyl) imide, and exhibit remarkable ionic conductivities e...
September 20, 2018: Nature Communications
Mohammed Panthakkal Abdul Muthalif, Chozhidakath Damodharan Sunesh, Youngson Choe
The photovoltaic performance of quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) is limited due to charge recombination processes at the photoelectrode/electrolyte interfaces. We analyzed the effect of Sn4+ ion incorporation into CdS quantum dots (QDs) deposited onto TiO2 substrates in terms of enhancing light absorption and retarding electron-hole recombination at the TiO2 /QDs/electrolyte interfaces. Sensitization involved depositing CdS QDs with different Sn4+ concentrations on the surface of TiO2 using a facile and cost-effective successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Zimo Lou, Yizhou Li, Jiasheng Zhou, Kunlun Yang, Yuanli Liu, Shams Ali Baig, Xinhua Xu
Titanium carbide (TiC) with excellent electrical conductivity, chemical and thermal stabilities has been recognized as one of the most promising electrocatalysts. A novel cathode, titanium carbide doped palladium/nickel foam (TiC-Pd/Ni foam), was synthesized via electroless deposition to improve the performance of Pd/Ni foam in electrocatlytic hydrodechlorination (ECH). TiC can be co-precipitated onto the surface of cathode during galvanic replacement reaction between Pd(II) solution and Ni foam. Both constant potential and constant current tests proved that TiC-Pd/Ni foam cathode performed remarkably higher activity for 2,4-dichlorobenzoic acid (2,4-DCBA) than Pd/Ni foam cathode, owing to the excellent conductivity of TiC and enhanced water dissociation over TiC-Pd/Ni foam cathode...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Duy T Nguyen, Wendy S Tzou, Amneet Sandhu, Carola Gianni, Elad Anter, Roderick Tung, Miguel Valderrábano, Patrick Hranitzky, Kyoko Soeijma, Luis Saenz, Fermin C Garcia, Usha B Tedrow, John M Miller, Edward P Gerstenfeld, J David Burkhardt, Andrea Natale, William H Sauer
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using half-normal saline (HNS) as the cooling radiofrequency ablation (RFA) irrigant among patients who had failed prior, standard RFA. BACKGROUND: Effective control of ventricular arrhythmias that arise from mid-myocardium may be refractory to standard RFA. Recent data suggest that delivering fluid with decreased ionic concentration during open-irrigated RFA can produce deeper RFA lesions. METHODS: A 12-center prospective analysis was performed of all ablations using HNS for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias (premature ventricular complex [PVC]/ventricular tachycardia [VT]) refractory to standard ablation with normal saline irrigant...
September 2018: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
Iacopo Valente, Francesco D'Argento, Andrea Alexandre, Emilio Lozupone, Giuseppe Garignano, Alessandro Pedicelli
Background The Barrel vascular reconstruction device is an electrolytically detachable laser-cut closed-cell stent used for neck reconstruction in wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms to support coiling without necessitating dual stent implantation. The purpose is to lower the metal-to-artery ratio and its inherent risk of thromboembolic complications of multiple stents. Case description A 53-year-old woman presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage due to acutely ruptured basilar tip aneurysm underwent emergency endovascular embolization with the Barrel vascular reconstruction device...
September 20, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
Martin Thoma, Wei Lin, Eva Hoffmann, Maria Sattes, Doris Segets, Cornelia Damm, Wolfgang Peukert
A better understanding of the interactions of carbon black and perfluorinated sulfonic acid (PFSA) ionomer helps to improve the effectiveness of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). We present a simple and fast method for quantitative PFSA ionomer analysis based on suspension density measurements. After validation of the reliability of our method by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), we investigate the adsorption equilibrium of short-side-chain (SSC) PFSA ionomers of different equivalent weights (EW) and polarities on carbon black...
September 20, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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