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Nervous system lyme disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736624/lyme-and-dopaminergic-function-hypothesizing-reduced-reward-deficiency-symptomatology-by-regulating-dopamine-transmission
#1
Kenneth Blum, Edward J Modestino, Marcelo Febo, Bruce Steinberg, Thomas McLaughlin, Lyle Fried, David Baron, David Siwicki, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
The principal vector of Lyme disease in the United States is Ixodes scapularis: black legged or deer ticks. There is increased evidence that those infected may be plagued by anxiety or depression as well. Researchers have identified transcripts coding for two putative cytosolic sulfotransferases in these ticks, which recognized phenolic monoamines as their substrates. It is hypothesized that protracted Lyme disease sequelae may be due to impairment of dopaminergic function of the brain reward circuitry. The subsequent recombinant proteins exhibited sulfotransferase function against two neurotransmitters: dopamine and octopamine...
May 2017: Journal of Systems and Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730326/infectious-diseases-causing-autonomic-dysfunction
#2
REVIEW
Francisco Javier Carod Artal
OBJECTIVES: To review infectious diseases that may cause autonomic dysfunction. METHODS: Review of published papers indexed in medline/embase. RESULTS: Autonomic dysfunction has been reported in retrovirus (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus), herpes viruses, flavivirus, enterovirus 71 and lyssavirus infections. Autonomic dysfunction is relatively common in HIV-infected patients and heart rate variability is reduced even in early stages of infection...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566141/bibrachial-plegia-due-to-lyme-radiculopoliomyelitis-myelitis
#3
Feras Akbik, Marcelo Matiello, Amanda Piquet, Tracey Cho, Adam Cohen, Nagagopal Venna
Nervous system involvement occurs in up to 15% of patients with Lyme disease, most commonly manifested as cranial neuropathy, lymphocytic meningitis, and or radiculoneuritis. We describe a patient with subacute radiculopoliomyelitis-myelitis matching the selective involvement of the anterior horns and roots of the cervical spinal cord seen on MRI and on electrodiagnostic studies. We demonstrate positive CSF Lyme antibodies and document a near-complete recovery with antibiotics. This case highlights the importance of recognizing an atypical presentation of Lyme disease in the setting of initial radiculitis and or myelitis, particularly given the potential for favorable outcomes with appropriate treatment...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473801/cerebrovascular-manifestations-of-lyme-neuroborreliosis-a-systematic-review-of-published-cases
#4
REVIEW
Adam Garkowski, Joanna Zajkowska, Agata Zajkowska, Alina Kułakowska, Olga Zajkowska, Bożena Kubas, Dorota Jurgilewicz, Marcin Hładuński, Urszula Łebkowska
BACKGROUND: Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a disease caused by spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, involving the nervous system. It usually manifests as lymphocytic meningoradiculitis, but in rare cases, it can also lead to cerebrovascular complications. We aimed to perform a systematic review of all reported cases of LNB complicated by central nervous system vasculitis and stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of literature between May 1987 and December 2016 with patients who presented with cerebrovascular course of LNB...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378969/estimation-of-cognitive-and-affective-disorders-occurrence-in-patients-with-lyme-borreliosis
#5
Barbara Oczko-Grzesik, Lucjan Kępa, Monika Puszcz-Matlińska, Robert Pudło, Anna Żurek, Teresa Badura-Głąbik
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The most common symptoms are related to the skin, musculo-scelatal system, central and peripheral nervous system, rarely to the heart muscle and the eye, and may occur in the multistage course of the disease. LB may additionally be accompanied by psychopathological symptoms. The aim of the study is estimation of the cognitive and affective disorders occurence in patients with LB...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060695/-extensive-myelitis-as-a-manifestation-of-neuroborreliosis
#6
Ana Brás, Nuno Marques, Beatriz Santiago, Anabela Matos, Fradique Moreira
Neurological manifestations of Lyme disease are reported in 3% - 12% of patients, with the most common form of presentation being meningoradiculitis. Other symptoms involving the central nervous system, such as myelitis or encephalitis, are rare (< 5 %). We report a case of a 66-year-old male, with a subacute extensive transverse myelitis, secondary to Borrelia burgdorferi infection. The patient underwent antibiotic therapy filed for neuroborreliosis with a good clinical outcome. The rareness in clinical symptoms and imaging presentation, based on a treatable infectious disease, highlights the importance of the inclusion of neuroborreliosis in the differential diagnosis of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049398/infectious-agents-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-exploring-the-links
#7
REVIEW
Mohammad Zubair Alam, Qamre Alam, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Asif Ahmad Jiman-Fatani, Esam I Azhar, Mohammad Azhar Khan, Absarul Haque
Recent studies have shown that bacterial and viral infections are risk factors for various neurodegenerative diseases such as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Lyme disease (LD). However, it is still controversial how the infections play a role in neurological diseases progression. Infections in central nervous system may lead multiple damages in infected and neighboring cells. The infection leads to the activation of inflammatory processes and host immune responses, which acts as defense mechanism and also causes damage to the host neuronal functions and viability...
2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956736/transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-lyme-disease
#8
Geeta Shroff
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease in which the myelin sheath of nerve cells is damaged. It can cause delayed neurologic symptoms similar to those seen in Lyme disease (LD) patients. Thymus derived T-cells (myelin reactive) migrate to the blood brain barrier and stimulate an inflammatory cascade in the central nervous system. Cell based therapies play an important role in treating neurological diseases such as MS and LD. CASE REPORT Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy was used to treat two patients with both MS and LD...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931077/antibiotics-for-the-neurological-complications-of-lyme-disease
#9
REVIEW
Diego Cadavid, Paul G Auwaerter, Jeffrey Rumbaugh, Harald Gelderblom
BACKGROUND: Various central nervous system-penetrant antibiotics are bactericidal in vitro and in vivo against the causative agent of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB), Borrelia burgdorferi. These antibiotics are routinely used clinically to treat LNB, but their relative efficacy is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics for the treatment of LNB. SEARCH METHODS: On 25 October 2016 we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase...
December 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909484/lyme-arrhythmia-in-an-avid-golfer-a-diagnostic-challenge-and-a-therapeutic-dilemma
#10
Ujjwal Rastogi, Nidhi Kumars
Lyme disease is a multisystem disorder affecting dermatologic, cardiac, nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Cardiac manifestations occur in about 5% of Lyme infections and stem from the involvement of the cardiac conduction system, resulting in varying degrees of sino-atrioventricular block. Occasionally, Lyme infection may also present with myopericarditis. Unlike isolated conduction node disease, myocardial involvement presents a great diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for the physician. We report the case of a 68 year-old male cardiologist who presented with new onset exertional dyspnea and palpitations...
February 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885483/neuroborreliosis
#11
John J Halperin
Appropriate, critical application of evidence-based diagnostic criteria enables both a clear definition of what constitutes neuroborreliosis-nervous system infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto in the US, B garinii and less commonly B. afzelii and other species in Europe-and recognition that this disorder is quite similar in Europe and the US. Most commonly evidenced by lymphocytic meningitis and/or multifocal inflammation of the peripheral (common; cranial neuropathy, radiculopathy, mononeuropathy multiplex) or central (rare) nervous system, it is readily diagnosed and highly antibiotic responsive...
June 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883377/borrelia-burgdorferi-%C3%A2-morphological-structure-and-motility-as-adaptation-for-transmission-and-survival-in-the-habitat-of-a-tick-vertebrate-setup
#12
REVIEW
Paweł Penza, Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Sławomir Pancewicz, Joanna Zajkowska
Lyme borreliosis is a multisystem chronic disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) spirochete transmitted by Ixodes. This bacterium has a remarkable ability to survive in tick-vertebrate setup. Its infection causes diagnostic and clinical difficulties. It was distinguished as a separate disease entity over 30 years ago. Observations made by Steere et al. proved to be a milestone since they found correlation between the occurrence of skin and joint lesions with tick bites. Further studies showed that the disease affects not only joints and skin, but also nervous and circulatory systems...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855040/claims-based-diagnostic-patterns-of-patients-evaluated-for-lyme-disease-and-given-extended-antibiotic-therapy
#13
Yi-Ju Tseng, Alfred DeMaria, Donald A Goldmann, Kenneth D Mandl
BACKGROUND: A Lyme disease (LD) diagnosis can be far from straightforward, particularly if erythema migrans does not develop or is not noticed. Extended courses of antibiotics for LD are not recommended, but their use is increasing. We sought to elucidate the patient patterns toward a diagnosis of LD, hypothesizing that a subset of patients ultimately receiving extended courses antibiotics may be symptomatic for an extended period before the first LD diagnosis. METHODS: Claims submitted to a nationwide U...
February 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847963/-challenge-of-neuroborreliosis
#14
REVIEW
A Spreer, S Rauer, H Wilking, V Fingerle
Lyme borreliosis is the most frequent tick-borne infection in Europe. It is a multisystemic disease affecting the skin, joints, heart, in rare cases the eyes and regularly the nervous system. Taking current clinical and microbiological guidelines into account, neuroborreliosis can in general be diagnosed and treated successfully. An appropriate guideline-conform antibiotic treatment is effective and in most cases recovery from acute neuroborreliosis is complete. Nevertheless, the evidence base regarding pharmacological treatment needs reform and improvement...
December 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832501/phospholipidomic-analysis-reveals-changes-in-sphingomyelin-and-lysophosphatidylcholine-profiles-in-plasma-from-patients-with-neuroborreliosis
#15
W Łuczaj, P Domingues, M R Domingues, S Pancewicz, E Skrzydlewska
In recent years, the number of patients suffering from Lyme Disease (LD) has significantly increased. The most dangerous manifestation of LD is neuroborreliosis associated with invasion of the central nervous system by Borrelia burgdorferi. Phospholipids (PL) and their metabolites are involved in inflammation, which plays a dominant, but still unclear, role in the pathogenesis of neuroborreliosis. We analyzed the plasma PL profiles of neuroborreliosis patients (n = 8) and healthy volunteers (n = 8) using a lipidomic approach...
January 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744511/actin-dependent-regulation-of-borrelia-burgdorferi-phagocytosis-by-macrophages
#16
REVIEW
Xenia Naj, Stefan Linder
The spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is the causative agent of Lyme disease, a multisystemic disorder affecting primarily skin, nervous system, and joints. If an infection with Borrelia proceeds unchecked, the disease can also enter a chronic stage, leading to the development of neuroborreliosis or cardiac arrhythmia. Successful elimination of B. burgdorferi by the host immune system is thus decisive for the positive outcome of a respective infection. Accordingly, host immune cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells have to be able to efficiently internalize and degrade infecting spirochetes...
2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719999/epidemiology-of-lyme-neuroborreliosis
#17
REVIEW
David S Younger
Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness and the fifth most common disease in the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. If left untreated, infection disseminates to the nervous system. The nonhuman primate model of Lyme disease of the nervous system, or Lyme neuroborreliosis, accurately mimics the aspects of the human illness...
November 2016: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667704/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-a-pyrokinin-neuropeptide-receptor-in-the-lyme-disease-vector-ixodes-scapularis
#18
Kinsi Gondalia, Anam Qudrat, Brigida Bruno, Janet Fleites Medina, Jean-Paul V Paluzzi
Pyrokinin-related peptides are pleiotropic factors that are defined by their conserved C-terminal sequence FXPRL-NH2. The pyrokinin nomenclature derives from their originally identified myotropic actions and, as seen in some family members, a blocked amino terminus with pyroglutamate. The black-legged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is well known as a vector of Lyme disease and various other illnesses; however, in comparison to blood-feeding insects, knowledge on its physiology (along with other Ixodid ticks) is rather limited...
December 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618323/white-matter-diseases-with-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#19
Nicolae Sarbu, Robert Y Shih, Robert V Jones, Iren Horkayne-Szakaly, Laura Oleaga, James G Smirniotopoulos
White matter diseases include a wide spectrum of disorders that have in common impairment of normal myelination, either by secondary destruction of previously myelinated structures (demyelinating processes) or by primary abnormalities of myelin formation (dysmyelinating processes). The pathogenesis of many white matter diseases remains poorly understood. Demyelinating disorders are the object of this review and will be further divided into autoimmune, infectious, vascular, and toxic-metabolic processes. Autoimmune processes include multiple sclerosis and related diseases: tumefactive demyelinating lesions, Balo concentric sclerosis, Marburg and Schilder variants, neuromyelitis optica (Devic disease), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalopathy (Hurst disease)...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478852/texas-occurrence-of-lyme-disease-and-its-neurological-manifestations
#20
Jad A Dandashi, Damir Nizamutdinov, Samantha Dayawansa, Ekokobe Fonkem, Jason H Huang
Today, Lyme disease is the most commonly reported tick-borne disease in the United States and Europe. The culprits behind Lyme disease are the Borrelia species of bacteria. In the USA, Borrelia burgdorferi causes the majority of cases, while in Europe and Asia Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii carry the greatest burden of disease. The clinical manifestations of Lyme disease have been identified as early localized, early disseminated, and late chronic. The neurological effects of Lyme disease include both peripheral and central nervous systems involvement, including focal nerve abnormalities, cranial neuropathies, painful radiculoneuritis, meningitis, and/or toxic metabolic encephalopathy, known as Lyme encephalopathy...
June 2016: Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases
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