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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884844/medication-reconciliation-as-a-medication-safety-initiative-in-ethiopia-a-study-protocol
#1
Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Andrew J McLachlan, Jo-Anne E Brien, Desalew Mekonnen, Zenahebezu Abay
INTRODUCTION: Medication related adverse events are common, particularly during transitions of care, and have a significant impact on patient outcomes and healthcare costs. Medication reconciliation (MedRec) is an important initiative to achieve the Quality Use of Medicines, and has been adopted as a standard practice in many developed countries. However, the impact of this strategy is rarely described in Ethiopia. The aims of this study are to explore patient safety culture, and to develop, implement and evaluate a theory informed MedRec intervention, with the aim of minimising the incidence of medication errors during hospital admission...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#2
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869880/-organizational-ethnography-of-direct-drugs-distribution-in-parma-ausl
#3
Lorenza Dodi, Chiara Latini, Marco Lombardi
The locations where healthcare organizations directly distribute medications to patients in specific circumstances, such as at hospital discharge, are settings at risk of professional errors. Using organizational ethnography methodology, we sought to explore the characteristics of points of direct distribution of drugs (PDD) in the AUSL of Parma and identify aspects of the delivery process that could potentially generate errors. We conducted 75 3-hour observations (225 hours at total) of the two Parma AUSL PDDs...
November 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864247/impact-of-a-pharmacist-delivered-discharge-and-follow-up-intervention-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-qatar-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Amani Zidan, Ahmed Awaisu, Nadir Kheir, Ziyad Mahfoud, Rasha Kaddoura, Sumaya AlYafei, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj
INTRODUCTION: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Secondary cardiovascular risk reduction therapy (consisting of an aspirin, a β-blocker, an ACE inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker and a statin) is needed for all patients with ACS. Less than 80% of patients with ACS in Qatar use this combination after discharge. This study is aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical pharmacist-delivered intervention at discharge and tailored follow-up postdischarge on decreasing hospital readmissions, emergency department (ED) visits and mortality among patients with ACS...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850897/1261-clinical-pharmacist-interventions-in-an-emergency-department-at-an-academic-medical-center
#5
Kayvan Moussavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850519/881-impact-of-an-emergency-department-pharmacist-on-the-management-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#6
Hillary Silvestri, Kara Birrer, Kris Smith, Jason Brady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825369/-making-the-invisible-visible-through-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-community-pharmacies-an-australian-feasibility-study
#7
H Laetitia Hattingh, Jonathan Hallett, Robert J Tait
BACKGROUND: Screening and brief interventions (SBI) for alcohol related problems have been shown to be effective in health settings such as general practice or emergency departments. Recent data from the United Kingdom and New Zealand suggest that SBI can be delivered through community pharmacies, but this approach has not been tested in Australia. This study assesses the feasibility of delivering alcohol SBI via community pharmacists. METHOD: We recruited five pharmacies and developed an SBI training package to be delivered by pharmacy staff, who screened consumers and delivered the brief intervention where appropriate...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811162/pediatric-medication-safety-in-adult-community-hospital-settings-a-glimpse-into-nationwide-practice
#8
Francisco Alvarez, Lana Ismail, Allison Markowsky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most children in the United States are treated in adult settings. Studies show that the pediatric population is vulnerable to medication errors. It can be extrapolated that children cared for in adult settings are at equal or higher risk for errors. The goal of this study was to assess the existing pediatric medication safety infrastructure within adult hospitals. METHODS: Questionnaire developed through Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) and distributed to pediatric hospitalist programs listed on the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Hospital Medicine web site and members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Quality Improvement Innovation Networks listserv...
December 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803503/evaluation-of-pharmacist-impact-on-culture-review-process-for-patients-discharged-from-the-emergency-department
#9
Ruben D Santiago, Jose A Bazan, Nicole V Brown, Eric J Adkins, Mary Beth Shirk
Background: Accurate and timely review of microbiological test results is a core component of antimicrobial stewardship. There is documented success of these programs in the inpatient setting; however, emergency department (ED) patients are typically not included in these initiatives. Objectives: To assess the impact of an emergency medicine pharmacist (EMP)-facilitated review process of positive microbiological test results from patients discharged from the ED as measured by time to positive result review and number of indicated interventions completed...
October 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769219/advanced-practice-pharmacists-a-retrospective-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-and-cost-of-clinical-pharmacist-practitioners-managing-ambulatory-medicare-patients-in-north-carolina-apple-nc
#10
Michèle M Kislan, Adam T Bernstein, Loretta R Fearrington, Timothy J Ives
BACKGROUND: Clinical Pharmacist Practitioners are advanced practicing pharmacists in North Carolina that provide disease-specific management. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare the efficacy and charges from referrals to a Clinical Pharmacist Practitioner by the primary care provider, to those managed by a primary care provider alone. METHODS: Patients were separated into cohorts depending if they had at least two appointments with a Clinical Pharmacist Practitioner from November 2008 to November 2011...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749809/pharmacist-outpatient-prescription-review-in-the-emergency-department-a-pediatric-tertiary-hospital-experience
#11
Dhara Shah, Shannon Manzi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the frequency, type, and potential severity of errors intercepted by pharmacists on review of discharge prescriptions in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study conducted in the ED of a pediatric teaching hospital. A daily report of prescriptions from the previous day was reviewed by a pharmacist for safety and efficacy. If an intervention was deemed necessary, the prescriber was contacted for clarification...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713675/pharmacist-led-model-to-reduce-hospital-readmissions-in-medically-complex-children
#12
Alison M DaCosta, Courtney B Sweet, Lisa R Garavaglia, Francis L Casey, Jeffrey D Lancaster
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the feasibility and effect on health care utilization of medically complex children participating in a pharmacist-led model for care coordination. Quality of life and satisfaction with care were secondarily assessed for each patient. METHODS: Four medically complex children were enrolled and contacted by the pharmacist weekly for 5 consecutive months. Time for each encounter with a patient was collected. Each patient's hospital admissions, days of stay, emergency department visits, and clinic visits were recorded...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708786/is-there-potential-for-the-future-provision-of-triage-services-in-community-pharmacy
#13
Louise E Curley, Janice Moody, Rukshar Gobarani, Trudi Aspden, Maree Jensen, Maureen McDonald, John Shaw, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide the demands on emergency and primary health care services are increasing. General practitioners and accident and emergency departments are often used unnecessarily for the treatment of minor ailments. Community pharmacy is often the first port of call for patients in the provision of advice on minor ailments, advising the patient on treatment or referring the patient to an appropriate health professional when necessary. The potential for community pharmacists to act as providers of triage services has started to be recognised, and community pharmacy triage services (CPTS) are emerging in a number of countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686834/integrating-pharmacies-into-public-health-program-planning-for-pandemic-influenza-vaccine-response
#14
Thomas J Fitzgerald, Yoonjae Kang, Carolyn B Bridges, Todd Talbert, Sara J Vagi, Brock Lamont, Samuel B Graitcer
BACKGROUND: During an influenza pandemic, to achieve early and rapid vaccination coverage and maximize the benefit of an immunization campaign, partnerships between public health agencies and vaccine providers are essential. Immunizing pharmacists represent an important group for expanding access to pandemic vaccination. However, little is known about nationwide coordination between public health programs and pharmacies for pandemic vaccine response planning. METHODS: To assess relationships and planning activities between public health programs and pharmacies, we analyzed data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention assessments of jurisdictions that received immunization and emergency preparedness funding from 2012 to 2015...
September 26, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677651/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-pharmacist-managed-warfarin-anticoagulation-with-other-models-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
S Zhou, X Y Sheng, Q Xiang, Z N Wang, Y Zhou, Y M Cui
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Anticoagulation management services are well known to improve the quality of patient care and to reduce the rates of hospitalization and emergency department visits following adverse events related to anticoagulation therapy. The complexity of managing warfarin has led to the development of a variety of specialized models managed by pharmacists, physicians, nurses, and self-managed care. The aim of the study is to compare the effectiveness of pharmacist-managed anticoagulation control of warfarin with other models...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646406/improving-health-of-at-risk-rural-patients-project-a-collaborative-care-model
#16
Gary R Matzke, Michael J Czar, William T Lee, Leticia R Moczygemba, L David Harlow
PURPOSE: The design elements of the Improving Health of At-Risk Rural Patients (IHARP) care model are described. SUMMARY: The IHARP project evaluated the clinical, economic, and humanistic outcomes associated with the collaborative care model relative to usual care in the community. The care model was initiated in 22 level 3- certified patient-centered medical homes. The primary outcomes are the absolute change in all relevant clinical and laboratory values of patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes within and between the intervention and comparator groups; the change in the absolute number of emergency department visits and hospitalizations; and the change in the cost of care among the Medicare and Medicaid intervention patients...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641249/impact-of-prospective-verification-of-intravenous-antibiotics-in-an-ed
#17
Allyson Hunt, Steven Nakajima, Lisa Hall Zimmerman, Manav Patel
BACKGROUND: Delay in appropriate antibiotic therapy is associated with an increase in mortality and prolonged length of stay. Automatic dispensing machines decrease the delivery time of intravenous (IV) antibiotics to patients in the emergency department (ED). However, when IV antibiotics are not reviewed by pharmacists before being administered, patients are at risk for receiving inappropriate antibiotic therapy. The objective of this study was to determine if a difference exists in the time to administration of appropriate antibiotic therapy before and after implementation of prospective verification of antibiotics in the ED...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625743/impact-of-pharmacist-provided-medication-therapy-management-on-healthcare-quality-and-utilization-in-recently-discharged-elderly-patients
#18
Jordan D Haag, Amanda Z Davis, Robert W Hoel, Jeffrey J Armon, Laura J Odell, Ross A Dierkhising, Paul Y Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The optimization of medication use during care transitions represents an opportunity to improve overall health-related outcomes. The utilization of clinical pharmacists during care transitions has demonstrated benefit, although the optimal method of integration during the care transition process remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of pharmacist-provided telephonic medication therapy management (MTM) on care quality in a care transitions program (CTP) for high-risk older adults...
July 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621507/pharmacist-advancement-of-transitions-of-care-to-home-patch-service
#19
EDITORIAL
Joseph Trang, Amanda Martinez, Sadaf Aslam, Minh-Tri Duong
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature on a well-defined role of a pharmacist in different aspects of transition of care service (TCS). Although health care institutions have specific details on the discharge process, there is a need for a sustainable TCS with a well-defined role of pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of a pharmacist-led TCS on acute health care utilization, clinic quality indicators, and identification and resolution of medication-related problems (MRPs)...
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605543/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-to-improve-drug-appropriateness-in-community-dwelling-polymedicated-elderly-people
#20
Lluís Campins, Mateu Serra-Prat, Inés Gózalo, David López, Elisabet Palomera, Clara Agustí, Mateu Cabré
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is frequent in the elderly population and is associated with potentially drug inappropriateness and drug-related problems. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of a medication evaluation programme for community-dwelling polymedicated elderly people. DESIGN: Randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-arm clinical trial with 1-year follow-up. SETTING: Primary care centres. PARTICIPANTS: Polymedicated (≥8 drugs) elderly people (≥70 years)...
September 7, 2016: Family Practice
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