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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#1
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526422/temporary-ipsilateral-stiff-shoulder-after-operative-fixation-of-distal-radial-fractures
#2
Soo Min Cha, Hyun Dae Shin, Sung Jin Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify variables affecting the development of temporary stiff shoulder after operative fixation for distal radial fractures (DRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 167 patients who had undergone internal fixation using volar locking plate for DRF between 2010 and 2013. Group 1 was denoted as the "normal group," and group 2 was denoted as the "stiff shoulder group." Basic demographic factors evaluated included age, sex, bone mineral density (BMD), and the dominancy...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522245/pin-site-complications-associated-with-computer-assisted-navigation-in-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Eli Kamara, Zachary P Berliner, Matthew S Hepinstall, H John Cooper
BACKGROUND: There has been a great increase in the use of navigation technology in joint arthroplasty. In most types of navigation-assisted surgery, several temporary navigation pins are placed in the patient. Goals of this study are (1) to identify complications and (2) risk factors associated with placement of these pins. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all navigation-assisted hip and knee arthroplasty performed a single institution over a 3-year period...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520680/acute-pediatric-monteggia-fractures-a-conservative-approach-to-stabilization
#4
Ian Foran, Vidyadhar V Upasani, Charles D Wallace, Elise Britt, Tracey P Bastrom, James D Bomar, Andrew T Pennock
BACKGROUND: In 2015, a multicenter study group proposed a treatment algorithm for pediatric Monteggia fractures based upon the ulnar fracture pattern. This strategy recommends surgical stabilization for all complete ulna fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether an initial nonoperative approach to pediatric Monteggia fractures resulted in poorer outcomes and a higher rate of complications. METHODS: This institutional review board approved retrospective study evaluated all Monteggia fractures presenting to a level 1 pediatric trauma center between 2008 and 2014...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511569/weightbearing-vs-gravity-stress-radiographs-for-stability-evaluation-of-supination-external-rotation-fractures-of-the-ankle
#5
Angela Seidel, Fabian Krause, Martin Weber
BACKGROUND: Isolated lateral malleolar fractures may result from a supination-external rotation (SER) injury of the ankle. Stable fractures maintain tibiotalar congruence due to competent medial restraints and can be treated nonoperatively with excellent functional results and long-term prognosis. Stability might be assessed with either stress radiographs or weightbearing radiographs. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients with closed SER fractures (presumed AO 44-B1) were prospectively enrolled from 2008 to 2015...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507887/effectiveness-of-operative-and-nonoperative-care-for-adult-spinal-deformity-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Alisson R Teles, Tobias A Mattei, Orlando Righesso, Asdrubal Falavigna
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVE: There is a need for synthesizing data on effectiveness of treatments for patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) due to its increasing prevalence and health care costs for these patients. The objective of this review was to estimate the effectiveness of surgery versus nonoperative care in patients with ASD. METHODS: A systematic review of articles in published in English using PubMed between 2005 and 2015...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506617/arthroscopic-treatment-of-hip-pain-in-adolescent-patients-with-borderline-dysplasia-of-the-hip-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#7
Peter T Evans, John M Redmond, Jon E Hammarstedt, Yuan Liu, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To examine arthroscopic treatment of hip pain in patients with borderline hip dysplasia (lateral center edge angle [LCEA] between 20° and 25°). METHODS: From 2008 to 2013, patients below 18 years of age who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery with an LCEA between 20° and 25° were retrospectively matched 1:1 to a control group without dysplasia (LCEA ≥25°) based on age, gender, femoroplasty, labral treatment, and capsular plication. Indications for surgery included failure to improve with nonoperative treatments and anti-inflammatory medications after 3 months...
May 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506083/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-needle-fenestration-and-corticosteroid-injection-for-anterior-and-anterolateral-ankle-impingement
#8
Levon N Nazarian, Nar V Gulvartian, Erik C Freeland, Wen Chao
BACKGROUND: Ankle impingement is a common cause of chronic ankle pain. We retrospectively studied the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle fenestration of the pathological soft tissues combined with corticosteroid injection to treat this condition. METHODS: We administered a telephone survey to patients who underwent the procedure. Patients were asked questions on the Foot Function Index and queried about their overall satisfaction with the procedure on a scale of 0 (completely unsatisfied) to 10 (very satisfied)...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499094/the-epidemiology-and-effect-of-sliding-injuries-in-major-and-minor-league-baseball-players
#9
Christopher L Camp, Frank C Curriero, Keshia M Pollack, Stephanie W Mayer, Andrea M Spiker, John D'Angelo, Struan H Coleman
BACKGROUND: Although sliding occurs frequently in professional baseball, little is known about the epidemiology and effect of injuries that occur during sliding in this population of elite athletes. PURPOSE: To describe the incidence and characteristics of sliding injuries, determine their effect in terms of time out of play, and identify common injury patterns that may represent appropriate targets for injury prevention programs in the future. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiologic study...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497099/acetabular-fractures-in-the-senior-population-epidemiology-mortality-and-treatments
#10
Reza Firoozabadi, William W Cross, James C Krieg, Milton L Chip Routt
BACKGROUND: Management of acetabular fractures in the senior population can be one of the most challenging injuries to manage. Furthermore, treating surgeons have a paucity of information to guide the treatment in this patient population. THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO DETERMINE: (1) demographic and epidemiologic data, (2) mortality rates for nonoperative compared to operative management at different time points, (3) common fracture configurations, and (4) fracture fixation strategies in senior patients treated with acetabular fractures...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497098/gravity-reduction-view-a-radiographic-technique-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-weber-b-fibula-fractures
#11
Lauren K Ehrlichman, Tyler A Gonzalez, Alec A Macaulay, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini, John Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: While various radiographic parameters and application of manual/gravity stress have been proposed to elucidate instability for Weber B fibula fractures, the prognostic capability of these modalities remains unclear. Determination of anatomic positioning of the mortise is paramount. We propose a radiographic technique, the Gravity Reduction View (GRV), which helps elucidate non-anatomic positioning and reducibility of the mortise. METHODS: The patient is positioned lateral decubitus with the injured leg elevated on a holder with the fibula directed superiorly...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495412/radiofrequency-microdebridement-versus-surgical-decompression-for-achilles-tendinosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rory J M Morrison, Timothy M Brock, Mike R Reed, Scott D Muller
Achilles tendinosis is primarily managed nonoperatively with activity modification and physiotherapy, although surgery can be required. This has classically involved surgical decompression of the Achilles tendon, although the use of radiofrequency microdebridement has been suggested as a novel minimally invasive alternative. We present a randomized controlled trial comparing radiofrequency microdebridement using the Topaz(®) microdebrider wand and traditional surgical decompression. All patients with Achilles tendinosis referred to a single surgeon and meeting the inclusion criteria were invited to participate in our single-blinded, randomized controlled study...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486259/appendicitis-in-a-neutropenic-patient-a-multicentric-retrospective-study
#13
Alberto A Scarpa, Géraldine Hery, Arnaud Petit, Benoit Brethon, Irène Jimenez, Virginie Gandemer, Samuel Abbou, Stéphanie Haouy, Jean Breaud, Marilyne Poiree
To study the management of acute appendicitis in neutropenic patients, we retrospectively reviewed cases of acute appendicitis in neutropenic children treated for cancer. The patients' demographics, medical records, and outcomes were tracked. We compared nonoperative treatment versus emergency or delayed surgery. The cases of 30 patients with a mean age of 8.8 years in 12 French departments of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology between 1995 and 2013 were studied. Most patients (90%) were treated for hematological malignancies...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482434/-clinical-diagnosis-and-management-of-cervical-spondylotic-amyotrophy
#14
Y K Meng, J Zhang, Y Yang, L L Zhou, T F Yan, Y Wang, H S Yang, G D Shi, D Y Chen, J G Shi, Y F Guo, L S Jia
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of cervical spondylotic amyotrophy. Methods: Thirteen patients(13 man) with proximal (10) and distal(3) cervical spondylotic amyotrophy between November 2014 and September 2016 were included in this study. The average age of the patients was 55 (range, 47-66) years. The sex, age, clinical course, type of amyotrophy, lesion segment and postdecompression improvement in muscle power were reviewed. Results: Of 13 cervical spondylotic amyotrophy patients, 9 were performed on with cervical disectomy, 2 were performed on with cervical posterior operation, 2 remainding patients received nonoperative treatment...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480257/does-adjunctive-tigecycline-improve-outcomes-in-severe-complicated-nonoperative-clostridium-difficile-infection
#15
Mary T LaSalvia, Westyn Branch-Elliman, Graham M Snyder, Monica V Mahoney, Carolyn D Alonso, Howard S Gold, Sharon B Wright
Severe Clostridium difficile infection is associated with a high rate of mortality; however, the optimal treatment for severe- complicated infection remains uncertain for patients who are not candidates for surgical intervention. Thus, we sought to evaluate the benefit of adjunctive tigecycline in this patient population using a retrospective cohort adjusted for propensity to receive tigecycline. We found that patients who received tigecycline had similar outcomes to those who did not, although the small sample size limited power to adjust for comorbidities and severity of illness...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480089/atraumatic-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Nasrat Sadeghi, Pieter Stijn Haen, Ron Onstenk
Acromioclavicular dislocation (AC dislocation) is a common injury of the shoulder. In contrast to a traumatic cause, nontraumatic dislocation is very rare. We report on a 17-year-old female that presented with voluntary recurrent dislocation of the right AC joint followed by recurrent pain without instability of the ipsilateral shoulder. Clinical examination showed crepitation as well as palpitation pain and dislocation of the AC joint. There were no symptoms of Marfan or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome as other joint examinations were also negative for hypermobility...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479450/perception-of-chemical-venous-thromboprophylaxis-for-oncologic-lung-resections-amongst-thoracic-surgeons
#17
Rafael D Malgor, Thomas V Bilfinger, John Blebea, Harry Ma, Shirliejean R Arnold
BACKGROUND: Controversies on chemical venous thromboembolic (VTE) prophylaxis in patients undergoing lung resection for malignancy exist. The available guidelines on VTE do not specifically address its prophylaxis in patients undergoing oncologic lung resections. The goal of this survey was to evaluate the perception of VTE prophylaxis amongst thoracic surgeons performing these operations. METHODS: A self-reported online survey was distributed to 267 active members of the General Thoracic Surgical Club between July and September 2015...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476385/surgical-management-of-fifth-metatarsal-diaphyseal-fractures-a-retrospective-outcomes-study
#18
Patrick Thompson, Vivek Patel, Lawrence M Fallat, Robert Jarski
Fifth metatarsal diaphyseal fractures are a common injury treated by foot and ankle surgeons. The limited data on this specific fracture type has promoted nonoperative treatment with immobilization. The primary objective of the present study was to record the radiographic healing time of fifth metatarsal diaphyseal fractures after surgical intervention and present the specific fracture characteristics. The medical records of a series of 64 patients with surgically managed fifth metatarsal diaphyseal fractures were retrospectively reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463547/economic-decision-model-for-first-time-traumatic-patellar-dislocations-in-adolescents
#19
Benedict U Nwachukwu, Conan So, William W Schairer, Beth E Shubin-Stein, Sabrina M Strickland, Daniel W Green, Emily R Dodwell
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of traumatic patellar dislocations in adolescents is associated with a lower rate of recurrent dislocations compared with nonoperative care. However, the attendant cost of surgery and the quality-of-life benefit of a surgical treatment strategy are unclear. PURPOSE: To compare the cost-utility of 3 management strategies for acute first-time patellar dislocations in adolescents: (1) nonoperative treatment only, (2) initial nonoperative treatment with surgery only for recurrent dislocations, and (3) immediate surgery...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459749/nonoperative-treatment-of-patellar-instability
#20
Sameer Dixit, Rajwinder S Deu
The treatment of patellar instability is challenging and typically begins with nonoperative methods. Clinical decisions are made on an individual basis and may vary according to a number of factors. First-time patellar dislocations most commonly occur during sports participation. Initial evaluation, including patient history, physical examination, and appropriate imaging, determines care. Although nonoperative treatment consists primarily of regressive immobilization and physical therapy, there is little evidence to support particular protocols for either...
June 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
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