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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045179/clinical-relevance-of-the-feces-sign-in-small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-adhesions-depends-on-its-location
#1
Wassef Khaled, Ingrid Millet, Lucie Corno, Isabelle Bouley-Coletta, Mohamed Amine Benadjaoud, Patrice Taourel, Marc Zins
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate if the feces sign can be used to predict successful nonoperative treatment or progression to ischemia in patients with small-bowel obstruction (SBO) due to adhesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this single-center retrospective observational study involving a blinded independent review by two radiologists of 237 consecutive CT examinations of 216 patients with SBO due to adhesions (age: mean, 70.9 years; median, 74 years; interquartile range, 62-84 years), the location of the transition zone (TZ), number of TZs, and presence and location of the feces sign relative to the TZ were recorded...
October 18, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042100/limited-root-repair-in-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection-is-safe-but-results-in-increased-risk-of-reoperation
#2
Peter Chiu, Jeffrey Trojan, Sarah Tsou, Andrew B Goldstone, Y Joseph Woo, Michael P Fischbein
OBJECTIVE: Management of the aortic root is a challenge for surgeons treating acute type A aortic dissection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the acute type A aortic dissection experience at Stanford Hospital between 2005 and 2015 and identified patients who underwent either limited root repair or aortic root replacement. Differences in baseline characteristics were balanced with inverse probability weighting to estimate the average treatment effect on the controls...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042032/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-of-patient-satisfaction-in-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-in-adults-results-from-a-retrospective-multicentre-study
#3
Eric D Tutuhatunewa, Martin Stevens, Ron L Diercks
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (Robinson Type 2B1 & 2B2) in adults remains controversial. Little is known about patient satisfaction with treatment for this type of injury. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes and explore predictors of patient satisfaction after nonoperative and direct-operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures in adults. METHODS: A retrospective multicentre study was conducted...
October 7, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038951/the-epidemiology-and-natural-history-of-anterior-shoulder-instability
#4
REVIEW
Joseph W Galvin, Justin J Ernat, Brian R Waterman, Monica J Stadecker, Stephen A Parada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to outline the natural history and best clinical practices for nonoperative management of anterior shoulder instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies continue to demonstrate a role for nonoperative treatment in the successful long-term management of anterior glenohumeral instability. The success of different positions of shoulder immobilization is reviewed as well. There are specific patients who may be best treated with nonoperative means after anterior glenohumeral instability...
October 16, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029304/conventional-and-advanced-imaging-of-spine-oncologic-disease-nonoperative-post-treatment-effects-and-unique-spinal-conditions
#5
Falgun H Chokshi, Meng Law, Wende N Gibbs
In this review, we discuss the imaging features of diseases and conditions ranging from neoplastic to nonoperative post-treatment effects to unique conditions of the spine. Additionally, advanced imaging may increase diagnostic certainty in cases where conventional imaging characteristics of benign lesions and malignant pathology are variable.
October 6, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026929/the-outcome-of-proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures-redefining-treatment-strategies
#6
P Monteban, J van den Berg, J van Hees, S Nijs, H Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: To optimize the treatment strategy and reduce treatment costs of proximal fifth metatarsal fractures, clinical and patient-reported outcome, and its determinants were addressed. METHODS: A retrospective adult cohort study including 152 proximal fifth metatarsal fractures: 121 nonoperatively and 31 operatively treated. In the operative group, 21 were zone 1 and 10 zone 2 fractures. Median follow-up was 37.5 (IQR 20.8-52.3) months with a minimal follow-up of 6 months...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026809/spontaneously-resolved-macrocystic-lymphatic-malformations-predictive-variables-and-outcomes
#7
Michael J Phang, Douglas J Courtemanche, Marija Bucevska, Claudia Malic, Jugpal S Arneja
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic malformations are benign, low-flow vascular malformations that typically present at or near birth. Due to morbidity associated with operative treatment, nonoperative treatment with injection of sclerosant has become the mainstay of therapy. Over the past 15 years, several patients at our centre with macrocystic (>2 cm cyst size) lymphatic malformations have seen their lesions resolve spontaneously while awaiting treatment. In this study, we review features of these patients that may contribute to spontaneous resolution...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016365/spleen-and-liver-injuries-when-to-operate
#8
Christine Gaarder, Iver A Gaski, Pål A Næss
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although nonoperative management (NOM) is the safest option in most patients with liver and splenic injuries or splenic injuries, some cases still need operative intervention. The aim of this review is to address the most recent literature and the evidence it provides for indications and timing of operative treatment for liver and spleen injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: There seems to be a decrease in publication rate on these topics over the last years, parallel to the acceptance of NOM as the 'gold standard', with little added to the existing body of evidence over the last 12-24 months...
October 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016194/outcomes-after-operative-and-nonoperative-treatment-of-proximal-hamstring-avulsions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Blake M Bodendorfer, Andrew J Curley, Joshua A Kotler, James M Ryan, Neha S Jejurikar, Anagha Kumar, William F Postma
BACKGROUND: No meta-analysis has compared outcomes of operative and nonoperative proximal hamstring avulsion treatment. PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of operative and nonoperative proximal hamstring avulsion treatment, including acute, chronic, partial, and complete repairs. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTdiscus, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched up to July 2016. Three authors screened the studies and performed quality assessment using criteria from the Methodologic Index for Nonrandomized Studies...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985859/in-by-helicopter-out-by-cab-the-financial-cost-of-aeromedical-overtriage-of-trauma-patients
#10
SriGita Krishna Madiraju, Joseph Catino, Candace Kokaram, Thomas Genuit, Marko Bukur
BACKGROUND: Helicopter transport of injured patients is controversial and costly. This study aims to show that a complex trauma algorithm leads to significant aeromedical overtriage at substantial cost. Our secondary outcomes were to compare adjusted mortality and outcomes between air and ground transport and determine predictors of overtriage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6-y retrospective analysis was conducted of all trauma activations at a Level I center. Patients were dichotomized by transportation method as well as trauma activation criteria...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985094/patellar-instability-management-a-survey-of-the-international-patellofemoral-study-group
#11
Joseph N Liu, Michael E Steinhaus, Irene L Kalbian, William R Post, Daniel W Green, Sabrina M Strickland, Beth E Shubin Stein
BACKGROUND: Although patellofemoral instability is among the most prevalent knee disorders, the management of patients with this condition is complex and remains variable, given the lack of long-term, high-level clinical outcome studies to compare various operative and nonoperative modalities. PURPOSE: To discover a consensus within treatment controversies in patellofemoral instability among experienced knee surgeons with a specific interest in the patellofemoral joint...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970983/double-row-suture-anchor-repair-of-posterolateral-corner-avulsion-fractures
#12
Brian B Gilmer
Posterolateral corner avulsion fractures are a rare variant of ligamentous knee injury primarily described in the skeletally immature population. Injury is often related to a direct varus moment placed on the knee during sporting activities. Various treatment strategies have been discussed ranging from nonoperative management, to excision of the bony fragment, to primary repair with screws or suture. The described technique is a means for achieving fixation of the bony avulsion using principles familiar to double-row transosseous equivalent rotator cuff repair...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966374/current-concepts-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-shoulder-impingement
#13
Bijayendra Singh, Nik Bakti, Abhinav Gulihar
Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is a very common cause of shoulder pain in the young adults. It can cause debilitating pain, dysfunction, and affects the activities of daily living. It represents a spectrum of pathology ranging from bursitis to rotator cuff tendinopathy which can ultimately lead to degenerative tear of the rotator cuff. Various theories and concepts have been described and it is still a matter of debate. However, most published studies suggest that both extrinsic and intrinsic factors have a role in the development of SIS...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965120/comparative-results-of-external-fixation-plating-or-nonoperative-management-for-diaphyseal-clavicle-fractures-br
#14
Barış Özkul, Mehmet Selçuk Saygılı, Mahsut Dinçel, Ilhan Bayhan, Deniz Akbulut, Bilal Demir
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the treatment outcomes of mid-diaphyseal clavicular fractures between external fixator and more widely selected treatment options such as plate osteosynthesis or conservative methods. MATERIAL AND METHOD: From 2009 and 2013, the medical records of 64 patients were reviewed. İnclusion criterion was mid-diaphyseal closed clavicular fractures with shortening of more than 2 cm . The Constant and (disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand DASH) scores at the final follow-up, initial displacement, non-union and complication rates were compared...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958359/surgical-management-of-solid-organ-injuries
#15
REVIEW
Niels V Johnsen, Richard D Betzold, Oscar D Guillamondegui, Bradley M Dennis, Nicole A Stassen, Indermeet Bhullar, Joseph A Ibrahim
Surgery used to be the treatment of choice in patients with solid organ injuries. This has changed over the past 2 decades secondary to advances in noninvasive diagnostic techniques, increased availability of less invasive procedures, and a better understanding of the natural history of solid organ injuries. Now, nonoperative management (NOM) has become the initial management strategy used for most solid organ injuries. Even though NOM has become the standard of care in patients with solid organ injuries in most trauma centers, surgeons should not hesitate to operate on a patient to control life-threatening hemorrhage...
October 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952392/ultrasound-guided-hydroneurolysis-of-the-median-nerve-for-recurrent-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#16
Scott M Fried, Levon N Nazarian
BACKGROUND: Recurrent carpal tunnel syndrome is often associated with perineural scarring around the median nerve. Surgical options include relatively invasive procedures, such as fat pad grafting, ligament reconstruction, muscle transfer, and nerve wraps. All have limited success because of the possibility of repeated recurrent scarring postoperatively. METHODS: We discuss a technique involving injection with external hydroneurolysis of the median nerve under ultrasound guidance for recurrent carpal tunnel...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947225/determinants-and-outcomes-of-nonoperative-management-for-blunt-traumatic-aortic-injuries
#17
Harleen K Sandhu, Samuel D Leonard, Alexa Perlick, Naveed U Saqib, Charles C Miller, Kristofer M Charlton-Ouw, Hazim J Safi, Ali Azizzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The natural history and parameters for successful nonoperative management of blunt traumatic aortic injuries (BTAIs) involving the descending aorta are poorly understood. We examined our experience with nonoperative BTAI treatment (anti-impulse, blood pressure) and evaluated for determinants of successful outcomes. METHODS: We performed a review of our institutional prospective trauma registry database for all BTAI patients from 1999 to 2015. Computed tomography angiography was used to classify aortic injuries on the basis of severity: grade I, intimal tear; grade II, intramural hematoma; grade III, aortic pseudoaneurysm; and grade IV, free rupture...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941974/management-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-throwing-athletes-a-survey-of-the-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons
#18
Daniel J Hurwit, Grant H Garcia, Joseph Liu, David W Altchek, Anthony Romeo, Joshua Dines
BACKGROUND: Amid evidence that the number of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions performed annually is on the rise, there continues to be significant variation among surgeons in the management of UCL injuries. The purpose of this paper was to survey the members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) to assess current trends related to the comprehensive treatment of athletes presenting with UCL injury. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to the active members of the ASES...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937465/treatment-of-cervicogenic-headache-concurrent-with-cervical-stenosis-by-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion
#19
Hong Liu, Avraam Ploumis, Shijun Wang, Chunde Li, Hong Li
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy of anterior cervical decompression and fusion surgery as treatment method for cervicogenic headache (CeH). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The exact diagnostic criteria and optimal treatment of CeH is still under investigation. METHODS: A total of 34 consecutive patients (mean age 55.8 y) with CeH (in addition to cervical stenosis symptomatology) resistant to nonoperative treatment were treated by anterior cervical decompression and fusion from 1 up to 3 levels and were followed for at least 1 year...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925312/what-is-the-best-treatment-for-displaced-salter-harris-ii-physeal-fractures-of-the-distal-tibia
#20
Hoon Park, Dong Hoon Lee, Seung Hwan Han, Sungmin Kim, Nam Kyu Eom, Hyun Woo Kim
Background and purpose - The optimal treatment of displaced Salter-Harris (SH) II fractures of the distal tibia is controversial. We compared the outcomes of operative and nonoperative treatment of SH II distal tibial fractures with residual gap of >3 mm. Factors that may be associated with the incidence of premature physeal closure (PPC) were analyzed. Patients and methods - We retrospectively reviewed 95 patients who were treated for SH II distal tibial fractures with residual gap of >3 mm after closed reduction...
September 19, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
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