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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535289/comparison-of-the-computer-and-hand-administered-versions-of-the-brown-location-test-blt
#1
Franklin C Brown, Brian P O'Connor, Kristen M Vitelli, Matthew Heinly, Gary C Rommel, Robert N Davis
Objective: The Brown Location Test (BLT) was developed to remedy some of the problems in existing visual-based memory tests. The hand version has demonstrated good psychometric properties, the ability to provide lateralization information for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients, and has normative data. The purpose of this study was to compare the hand administered format to the more recently developed computer administered format. Methods: We used Generalizability Theory analyses to assess the degree of variability in scores across the hand and computer versions of the test, and across alternate test forms, A and B...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535167/invited-commentary-heterogeneity-of-cardiovascular-diseases-among-populations-recognition-and-seminal-explanations
#2
Aaron R Folsom
Kuller and Reisler's 1971 publication (Am J Epidemiol. 1971;93(1):1-9) was an important contribution to the understanding of the epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, particularly stroke. The authors synthesized pathological and risk-factor evidence to theorize why rates of various subtypes of arterial disease might vary across populations. Specifically, they suggested that different population levels of blood pressure, lipids, and glucose led to population differences in the location and extent of arterial disease...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533457/the-perfection-of-mimicry-an-information-approach
#3
REVIEW
Thomas N Sherratt, Casey A Peet-Paré
We consider why imperfect deceptive mimics can persist when it appears to be in the predator's interest to discriminate finely between mimics and their models. One theory is that a receiver will accept being duped if the model and mimic overlap in appearance and the relative costs of attacking the model are high. However, a more fundamental explanation for the difficulty of discrimination is not based on perceptual uncertainty, but simply based on a lack of information. In particular, predators in the process of learning may cease sampling imperfect mimics entirely because the immediate pay-off and future value of information is low, allowing such mimics to persist...
July 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532737/decision-making-process-related-to-treatment-and-management-in-korean-women-with-breast-cancer-finding-the-right-individualized-healthcare-trajectory
#4
Kkotbong Kim, Jinhyang Yang
BACKGROUND: After being diagnosed with breast cancer, women must make a number of decisions about their treatment and management. When the decision-making process among breast cancer patients is ineffective, it results in harm to their health. Little is known about the decision-making process of breast cancer patients during the entire course of treatment and management. OBJECTIVES: We investigated women with breast cancer to explore the decision-making processes related to treatment and management...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532733/a-theory-for-aftercare-of-human-trafficking-survivors-for-nursing-practice-in-low-resource-settings
#5
R L Curran, J R Naidoo, G Mchunu
Research on aftercare for human trafficking survivors highlights the limited knowledge of the needs of survivors; the evaluation of current aftercare; and the process of recovery navigated by the survivor in aftercare (Oram et al., 2012; Locke, 2010; Hacker & Cohen, 2012). Furthermore there has been a transition in aftercare where the victim or survivor, who before was seen as a passive victim of circumstance of their life and in need of therapeutic intervention, is now seen as having an active role in their recovery, thus facilitating recovery (Hacker & Cohen, 2012)...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532500/extending-access-to-essential-services-against-constraints-the-three-tier-health-service-delivery-system-in-rural-china-1949-1980
#6
Xing Lin Feng, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Jun Zhong, Jin Xu, Beibei Yuan, Qingyue Meng, Dina Balabanova
BACKGROUND: China has made remarkable progress in scaling up essential services during the last six decades, making health care increasingly available in rural areas. This was partly achieved through the building of a three-tier health system in the 1950s, established as a linked network with health service facilities at county, township and village level, to extend services to the whole population. METHODS: We developed a Theory of Change to chart the policy context, contents and mechanisms that may have facilitated the establishment of the three-tier health service delivery system in rural China...
May 23, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532254/towards-the-recovery-of-a-sense-of-self-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-patients-experience-of-body-oriented-psychotherapy-for-schizophrenia
#7
Laura Galbusera, Lisa Fellin, Thomas Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of body-oriented psychotherapy (BPT) for schizophrenia. Yet, so far no research has investigated outcome in relation to therapy process: Why and how BPT is effective. In this study, we qualitatively explore participants' experience of a manualized BPT for schizophrenia to shed light on the process of therapeutic change. METHOD: We conducted in-depth interviews with 6 participants who completed a 10-week BPT group intervention...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531873/randomized-control-trial-investigating-the-efficacy-of-a-computer-based-intolerance-of-uncertainty-intervention
#8
Mary E Oglesby, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is an important transdiagnostic variable within various anxiety and mood disorders. Theory suggests that individuals high in IU interpret ambiguous information in a more threatening manner. A parallel line of research has shown that interpretive biases can be modified through cognitive training and previous research aimed at modifying negative interpretations through Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM-I) has yielded promising results. Despite these findings, no research to date has examined the efficacy of an IU-focused CBM-I paradigm...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531766/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-cessation-fatigue-scale
#9
Amanda R Mathew, Bryan W Heckman, Ellen Meier, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation fatigue, or tiredness of attempting to quit smoking, has been posited as a latent construct encompassing loss of motivation, loss of hope in cessation success, decreased self-efficacy, and exhaustion of self-control resources. Despite the potential clinical impact of characterizing cessation fatigue, there is currently no validated measure to assess it. Using a rational scale development approach, we developed a cessation fatigue measure and examined its reliability and construct validity in relation to a) smokers' experience of a recently failed quit attempt (QA) and b) readiness to engage in a subsequent QA...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531645/judgment-of-moral-and-social-transgression-in-schizophrenia
#10
Jonathan McGuire, Martin Brüne, Robyn Langdon
INTRODUCTION: Despite evidence of pervasive social-cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, little is known of moral cognition in this population. While recent research indicates that impairment of explicit moral reasoning is explained by these individuals' other cognitive deficits, their capacities for basic moral judgment are unknown. METHODS: 45 people with schizophrenia and 27 healthy controls completed the Moral-Conventional Distinction Task: a classic task that assesses judgment of violations of moral or social convention on permissibility, severity, and authority-contingence...
May 4, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530816/quantitative-temperature-dependence-of-the-microscopic-hydration-structures-investigated-by-ultraviolet-photodissociation-spectroscopy-of-hydrated-phenol-cations
#11
Haruki Ishikawa, Itaru Kurusu, Reona Yagi, Ryota Kato, Yasutoshi Kasahara
To discuss the temperature effect on microscopic hydration structures in clusters, relative populations of the isomers having different hydration structures at well-defined temperatures are quite important. In the present study, we measured ultraviolet photodissociation spectra of the temperature-controlled hydrated phenol cation, [PhOH(H2O)5](+), trapped in the 22-pole ion trap. Two isomers having a distinct hydration motif with each other are identified in the spectra and a clear change in the relative populations is observed in temperature range from 30 K to 150 K...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530016/assessment-of-caregiving-constructs-toward-a-personal-familial-group-and-cultural-construction-of-dementia-care-through-the-eyes-of-personal-construct-psychology
#12
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529440/parents-primary-professional-sources-of-parenting-advice-moderate-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment
#13
Catherine A Taylor, Sarah McKasson, Guenevere Hoy, William DeJong
Despite the risk it poses to children's mental and physical health, approval and use of corporal punishment (CP) remains high in the United States. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we examined potential predictors of attitudes supportive of CP while assessing the moderating effects of parents' (N=500) chosen primary professional source of advice regarding child discipline: pediatricians (47.8%), religious leaders (20.8%), mental health professionals (MHPs) (n=18.4%), or other identified professionals (13...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529392/school-composition-school-culture-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-young-people-s-health-multi-level-analysis-of-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-survey-in-wales
#14
Graham F Moore, Hannah J Littlecott, Rhiannon Evans, Simon Murphy, Gillian Hewitt, Adam Fletcher
Health inequalities emerge during childhood and youth, before widening in adulthood. Theorising, testing and interrupting the mechanisms through which inequalities are perpetuated and sustained is vital. Schools are viewed as settings through which inequality in young people's health may be addressed, but few studies examine the social processes via which institutional structures reproduce or mitigate health inequalities. Informed by Markham and Aveyard's theory of human functioning and school organisation, including their concept of institutional boundaries, critical theories of marketisation and the concept of micro-political practices within schools, this paper presents analysis of student survey data (N = 9055) from 82 secondary schools in Wales...
April 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528903/equilibrium-bird-species-diversity-in-atlantic-islands
#15
Luis Valente, Juan Carlos Illera, Katja Havenstein, Tamara Pallien, Rampal S Etienne, Ralph Tiedemann
Half a century ago, MacArthur and Wilson proposed that the number of species on islands tends toward a dynamic equilibrium diversity around which species richness fluctuates [1]. The current prevailing view in island biogeography accepts the fundamentals of MacArthur and Wilson's theory [2] but questions whether their prediction of equilibrium can be fulfilled over evolutionary timescales, given the unpredictable and ever-changing nature of island geological and biotic features [3-7]. Here we conduct a complete molecular phylogenetic survey of the terrestrial bird species from four oceanic archipelagos that make up the diverse Macaronesian bioregion-the Azores, the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, and Madeira [8, 9]...
May 15, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528268/optimistic-honesty-understanding-surgeon-and-patient-perspectives-on-hopeful-communication-in-pancreatic-cancer-care
#16
Kim Blakely, Paul J Karanicolas, Frances C Wright, Lesley Gotlib Conn
BACKGROUND: Prognosis conversations between surgical oncologists and patients with pancreatic cancer are critically important and challenging. Surgeons and their patients often have discrepant understandings of prognosis despite extensive conversations. Little is known about how surgeons approach prognosis conversations with these patients; patients' experiences with these conversations are also not well understood. This qualitative study sought to better understand surgeon and patient perspectives on communication in pancreatic cancer care with a view toward improvement...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528256/evaluation-of-artificial-time-series-microarray-data-for-dynamic-gene-regulatory-network-inference
#17
P Xenitidis, I Seimenis, S Kakolyris, A Adamopoulos
High-throughput technology like microarrays is widely used in the inference of gene regulatory networks (GRNs). We focused on time series data since we are interested in the dynamics of GRNs and the identification of dynamic networks. We evaluated the amount of information that exists in artificial time series microarray data and the ability of an inference process to produce accurate models based on them. We used dynamic artificial gene regulatory networks in order to create artificial microarray data. Key features that characterize microarray data such as the time separation of directly triggered genes, the percentage of directly triggered genes and the triggering function type were altered in order to reveal the limits that are imposed by the nature of microarray data on the inference process...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528218/laboratory-studies-of-ultrasonic-wave-response-of-fractures-with-different-lengths-anisotropy-characteristics-and-coda-analysis
#18
D Wang, S L Qu, Q Zhao, X Y Yin, F Zhou
Ultrasonic wave propagation in a synthetic medium with different scale fractures is investigated through the physics modeling research. The experiment model consisting of two layers, the first layer is divided into four fractured blocks with a constant fracture density but different dimension and a block without fractures as the reference region. The velocity and reflected amplitude of wave derived from the wide azimuth data processing are anisotropic due to the fractured layer. Coda wave characteristics versus offset and azimuth are obviously different for varying fracture scales...
May 13, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528137/fuzzy-dynamic-output-feedback-h%C3%A2-control-for-continuous-time-t-s-fuzzy-systems-under-imperfect-premise-matching
#19
Tao Zhao, Songyi Dian
This paper addresses a fuzzy dynamic output feedback H∞ control design problem for continuous-time nonlinear systems via T-S fuzzy model. The stability of the fuzzy closed-loop system which is formed by a T-S fuzzy model and a fuProd. Type: FTPzzy dynamic output feedback H∞ controller connected in a closed loop is investigated with Lyapunov stability theory. The proposed fuzzy controller does not share the same membership functions and number of rules with T-S fuzzy systems, which can enhance design flexibility...
May 17, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528093/kinetic-and-thermodynamic-compensation-a-current-and-practical-review-for-foods
#20
REVIEW
Alfonso Garvín, Raquel Ibarz, Albert Ibarz
Kinetic and thermodynamic compensations have been reported in many chemical, physical, biological and food processes. Kinetic compensation can be found for any process and when it takes place, it gives information about the reaction mechanism and whether the reaction is controlled by enthalpy or entropy. It consists of the linear relationship between the logarithm of the frequency factor (lnk0) and the activation energy (Ea), both previously obtained from the Arrhenius equation for different values of an environmental variable (e...
June 2017: Food Research International
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