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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927017/an-improved-evidential-iowa-sensor-data-fusion-approach-in-fault-diagnosis
#1
Yongchuan Tang, Deyun Zhou, Miaoyan Zhuang, Xueyi Fang, Chunhe Xie
As an important tool of information fusion, Dempster-Shafer evidence theory is widely applied in handling the uncertain information in fault diagnosis. However, an incorrect result may be obtained if the combined evidence is highly conflicting, which may leads to failure in locating the fault. To deal with the problem, an improved evidential-Induced Ordered Weighted Averaging (IOWA) sensor data fusion approach is proposed in the frame of Dempster-Shafer evidence theory. In the new method, the IOWA operator is used to determine the weight of different sensor data source, while determining the parameter of the IOWA, both the distance of evidence and the belief entropy are taken into consideration...
September 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926742/an-interpersonal-perspective-on-criterion-a-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Aaron L Pincus
This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926598/-if-he-could-speak-he-would-be-able-to-point-out-who-does-those-things-to-him-experiences-of-violence-and-access-to-child-protection-among-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda-and-malawi
#3
Lena Morgon Banks, Susan A Kelly, Nambusi Kyegombe, Hannah Kuper, Karen Devries
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that children with disabilities face an increased risk of violence globally. While child protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to violence-including formal government systems and more informal programmes and activities run by local communities or NGOs-are slowly becoming operationalised in low- and- middle-income countries, little is known about whether existing mechanisms are disability-inclusive. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of children with disabilities' experiences of violence and their access to available child protection mechanisms in low resource settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926258/matrix-isolation-studies-of-novel-intermediates-in-the-reaction-of-trimethylaluminum-with-ozone
#4
H Dushanee M Sriyarathne, Bruce S Ault
The thermal reaction of ozone with trimethyl aluminum has been explored using twin jet, concentric jet and merged jet deposition into cryogenic matrixes. Infrared spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations have been employed to identify and characterize the products formed in each case. Together, these deposition techniques provide information over the essentially full course of the gas phase reaction. At short times with twin jet deposition, the primary product is the O atom insertion product (CH3)2AlOCH3...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926253/understanding-the-role-of-dna-topology-in-target-search-dynamics-of-proteins
#5
Anupam Mondal, Arnab Bhattacherjee
A wide range of cellular processes initiates upon recognising and binding of proteins to specific DNA sites. Typically, the recognition process is incredibly fast owing to a complex mechanism that combines different 3D and 1D modes of translocation of the protein. While few studies performed on selected DNA topologies suggested that the DNA topology might alter the balance between these two modes and therefore the target search kinetics, its detail role in target search mechanism remains unclear. Here, we present a discrete-state stochastic approach that allows us to incorporate the topological information of DNA molecule explicitly and predict its role during the process when proteins search for their specific binding sites on DNA...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926191/clinical-validation-of-the-nursing-outcome-swallowing-status-in-people-with-stroke-analysis-according-to-the-classical-and-item-response-theories
#6
Ana Railka de Souza Oliveira-Kumakura, Thelma Leite de Araujo, Alice Gabrielle de Sousa Costa, Tahissa Frota Cavalcante, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Emilia Campos Carvalho
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To validate clinically the nursing outcome "Swallowing status". METHODS: The adjustment of the nursing outcome was investigated according to the Classical and Item Response Theories. The models were compared regarding information loss, goodness-of-fit, and differential item functioning. Stability and internal consistency were examined. RESULTS: The nursing outcome has the best fit in the generalized partial credit model with different discrimination parameters...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926027/using-institutional-and-behavioural-economics-to-examine-animal-health-systems
#7
C A Wolf
Economics provides a framework for understanding management decisions and their policy implications for the animal health system. While the neoclassical economic model is useful for framing animal health decisions on the farm, some of its assumptions and prescriptive results may be unrealistic. Institutional and behavioural economics address some of these potential shortcomings by considering the role of information, psychology and social factors in decisions. Framing such decisions under contract theory allows us to consider asymmetric information between policy-makers and farmers...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924946/listeners-are-maximally-flexible-in-updating-phonetic-beliefs-over-time
#8
David Saltzman, Emily Myers
Perceptual learning serves as a mechanism for listenexrs to adapt to novel phonetic information. Distributional tracking theories posit that this adaptation occurs as a result of listeners accumulating talker-specific distributional information about the phonetic category in question (Kleinschmidt & Jaeger, 2015, Psychological Review, 122). What is not known is how listeners build these talker-specific distributions; that is, if they aggregate all information received over a certain time period, or if they rely more heavily upon the most recent information received and down-weight older, consolidated information...
September 18, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922967/contemporary-hiv-aids-research-insights-from-knowledge-management-theory
#9
Chris William Callaghan
Knowledge management as a field is concerned with the management of knowledge, including the management of knowledge in research processes. Knowledge management theory has the potential to support research into problems such as HIV, antibiotic resistance and others, particularly in terms of aspects of scientific research related to the contribution of social science. To date, however, these challenges remain with us, and theoretical contributions that can complement natural science efforts to eradicate these problems are needed...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922842/on-faculty-development-of-stem-inclusive-teaching-practices
#10
Bryan M Dewsbury
Faculty development of inclusive teaching practices has become more common in response to significant differences in STEM student retention between underrepresented minorities in the USA and students from other ethnic groups. Approaches to solve this have shifted from focusing on student deficits to changing campus culture, including the mindsets of instructors who teach STEM courses. In this article, I argue that based on the literature informing the conceptual frameworks used for faculty development in inclusive teaching, faculty developers should reframe the message of their workshops to focus participants more on the scope of the journey, and shift the direction of overall efforts some to redevelop pedagogical training at the graduate and postdoc levels...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922600/ptml-model-for-proteome-mining-of-b-cell-epitopes-and-theoretic-experimental-study-of-bm86-protein-sequences-from-colima-mexico
#11
Saúl Gabriel Martínez, Esvieta Tenorio-Borroto, Alberto Barbabosa Pliego, Hector Diaz-Albiter, Juan C Vazquez-Chagoyan, Humbert Gonzalez-Diaz
In this work, we developed a general Perturbation Theory and Machine Learning (PTML) method for data mining of proteomes, in order to discover new B-cell epitopes useful for vaccine design. The method predicts the epitope activity εq(cqj) of one query peptide (q-peptide) in a set of experimental query conditions (cqj). The method uses as input the sequence of the q-peptide. The method also uses as input information about the sequence and epitope activity εr(crj) of a peptide of reference (r-peptide) assayed on similar experimental conditions (crj)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922520/a-review-of-joint-attention-and-social-cognitive-brain-systems-in-typical-development-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Peter Mundy
This article provides a review of the increasingly detailed literature on the neurodevelopment of joint attention. Many findings from this literature support and inform the hypothesis that the neurodevelopment of joint attention contributes to the functional development of neural systems for human social cognition. Joint attention begins to develop by 5 months of age and is tantamount to the ability to adopt a common perspective with another person. It involves a whole-brain system with nodes in the: (a) dorsal and medial frontal cortex, (b) orbital frontal/insula cortex, (c) anterior/ posterior cingulate cortex, (d) superior temporal cortex, (e) precuneus/parietal cortex, and (f) amygdala and striatum...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922496/intramolecular-sear-of-phosphorus-derivatives-computational-approach-to-the-synthesis-of-%C3%AF-extended-heterocycles
#13
Olatz Larrañaga, Carlos Romero-Nieto, Abel de Cozar Ruano
The reaction mechanism associated with the synthesis of phosphorus-based heteropolyaromatic architectures by intramolecular SEAr have been investigated by DFT calculations at the B3LYP-D3/6-311+G(D) level of theory. The purpose of this study is to provide essential information for the future development of improved polycyclic organophosphorus materials. To that end, we have studied the impact of the initial reactant and/or the intermediates' structure into the mechanistic features and energetic profiles of the phosphorus cyclization process...
September 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922400/protein-folding-misfolding-and-aggregation-the-importance-of-two-electron-stabilizing-interactions
#14
Andrzej Stanisław Cieplak
Proteins associated with neurodegenerative diseases are highly pleiomorphic and may adopt an all-α-helical fold in one environment, assemble into all-β-sheet or collapse into a coil in another, and rapidly polymerize in yet another one via divergent aggregation pathways that yield broad diversity of aggregates' morphology. A thorough understanding of this behaviour may be necessary to develop a treatment for Alzheimer's and related disorders. Unfortunately, our present comprehension of folding and misfolding is limited for want of a physicochemical theory of protein secondary and tertiary structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921977/photoinduced-bimolecular-electron-transfer-in-ionic-liquids
#15
Boning Wu, Mark Maroncelli, Edward W Castner
The present work seeks to better understand the role of solute diffusion and solvation dynamics on bimolecular electron transfer in ionic liquids (ILs). Steady-state and time-resolved measurements of the reductive fluorescence quenching of five fluorophores ("F") by six quenchers ("Q"; electron donors) are reported in acetonitrile and two ionic liquids, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide and trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide. Data were collected on 66 different F-Q-solvent systems, which span a 2...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921975/intricacies-of-van-der-waals-interactions-in-systems-with-elongated-bonds-revealed-by-electron-groups-embedding-and-high-level-coupled-cluster-approaches
#16
Ewa Pastorczak, Jun Shen, Michal Hapka, Piotr Piecuch, Katarzyna Pernal
Non-covalent interactions between molecules with stretched intramonomer covalent bonds are a fascinating, yet little studied area. This shortage of information stems largely from the inability of most of the commonly used computational quantum chemistry methods to accurately describe weak long-range and strong non-dynamic correlations at the same time. In this work, we propose a geminal-based approach, abbreviated as EERPA-GVB, capable of describing such systems in a robust manner using relatively inexpensive computational steps...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921043/slow-wave-activity-and-executive-dysfunction-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#17
Jessica A Christiansz, Chloe R Lappin, Aidan J Weichard, Gillian M Nixon, Margot J Davey, Rosemary S C Horne, Sarah N Biggs
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine slow wave activity (SWA), a marker of homeostatic regulation, as a potential mechanism linking sleep disordered breathing (SDB) with executive dysfunction in children. METHODS: Executive function domains of working memory, spatial planning, information processing, and sustained attention were assessed using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) in children (N = 40; 5-12 years) referred for clinical diagnosis of SDB...
September 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920983/unified-elucidation-of-the-entropy-driven-and-opposed-hydrophobic-effects
#18
Masahiro Kinoshita, Tomohiko Hayashi
The association of nonpolar solutes is generally believed to be entropy driven, which has been shown to be true for the contact of small molecules, ellipsoids, and plates. However, it has been reported with surprise that a model cavity-ligand binding is entropy opposed. How can these apparently conflicting behaviors be elucidated? Here, we calculate the potential of mean force between hard-sphere solutes with various diameters in water and its entropic and enthalpic components using a statistical-mechanical theory for molecular liquids...
September 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919839/ground-up-top-down-a-mixed-method-action-research-study-aimed-at-normalising-research-in-practice-for-nurses-and-midwives
#19
Vicki Parker, Gena Lieschke, Michelle Giles
BACKGROUND: Improving health, patient and system outcomes through a practice-based research agenda requires infrastructural supports, leadership and capacity building approaches, at both the individual and organisational levels. Embedding research as normal nursing and midwifery practice requires a flexible approach that is responsive to the diverse clinical contexts within which care is delivered and the variable research skills and interest of clinicians. This paper reports the study protocol for research being undertaken in a Local Health District (LHD) in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919222/understanding-active-sampling-strategies-empirical-approaches-and-implications-for-attention-and-decision-research
#20
REVIEW
Jacqueline Gottlieb
In natural behavior we actively gather information using attention and active sensing behaviors (such as shifts of gaze) to sample relevant cues. However, while attention and decision making are naturally coordinated, in the laboratory they have been dissociated. Attention is studied independently of the actions it serves. Conversely, decision theories make the simplifying assumption that the relevant information is given, and do not attempt to describe how the decision maker may learn and implement active sampling policies...
August 24, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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