Read by QxMD icon Read

Birth to three

Amy L Bird, Cameron C Grant, Dinusha K Bandara, Jatender Mohal, Polly E Atatoa-Carr, Michelle R Wise, Hazel Inskip, Motohide Miyahara, Susan M B Morton
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively multiple indicators of pregnancy health and associations with adverse birth outcomes within a large, diverse sample of contemporary women. DESIGN: A cohort of pregnant women who gave birth during 2009-10. POPULATION: We enrolled a sample of 6822 pregnant New Zealand (NZ) women: 11% of all births in NZ during the recruitment period. METHODS: We analysed a number of maternal health indicators and behaviours during pregnancy in relation to birth outcomes using multivariable logistic regression...
October 26, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Rawa A Al-Fuqha, Khalid A Kheirallah, Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi
Waterpipe tobacco smoking carries adverse health consequences due to high level of chemical toxicants. This study investigated the anthropometric measurements of singleton newborns of Jordanian women with no known chronic diseases who smoked waterpipe during pregnancy, and the difference in these measurements in newborns of pregnant women who smoked waterpipe, cigarettes, both types, and none during pregnancy. The study also investigated the pattern of different types of tobacco smoking as a function of pregnancy trimester...
October 26, 2016: Inhalation Toxicology
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Manfred Stommel, Adejoke Ayoola, Mildred Horodynski, Address Malata, Barbara Smith
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine women's evaluation of postpartum care services (postpartum clinical assessments, health education, and midwife kindness) received from midwives prior to discharge in rural health facilities, and to examine husband-and-wife-farmer dyads' reasons for their decisions to return or not return for 1-week postpartum care visits in rural central Malawi. DESIGN: Cross-sectional matched-pairs survey design. METHODS: Participants included a convenience sample of 70 husband-and-wife-farmer dyads living in rural communities who had a live birth in the past year at one of four health facilities in Ntcheu district, central Malawi...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Valentina Gallo, F Nicole Dijk, John W Holloway, Susan M Ring, Gerard H Koppelman, Dirkje S Postma, David P Strachan, Raquel Granell, Johan C de Jongste, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Herman T den Dekker, Liesbeth Duijts, A John Henderson, Seif O Shaheen
BACKGROUND: Animal data have suggested that the transient receptor potential ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) ion channel plays a key role in promoting airway inflammation in asthma and may mediate effects of paracetamol on asthma, yet confirmatory human data are lacking. To study associations of TRPA1 gene variants with childhood asthma and total IgE concentration, and interactions between TRPA1 and prenatal paracetamol exposure on these outcomes. METHODS: We analysed associations between 31 TRPA1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and current doctor-diagnosed asthma and total IgE concentration at 7...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Suzanne J O'Gara, Helen E Cullington, Mary L Grasmeder, Maria Adamou, Emily S Matthews
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors preimplantation associated with postimplantation speech perception improvement in the adult congenitally deaf population. DESIGN: Forty-four adult cochlear implant (CI) patients who had a severe to profound hearing loss from birth were identified from this centre's database. Eight preimplantation factors, speech intelligibility, preimplantation hearing levels, communication mode, preimplantation speech perception scores, progression of hearing loss, age at implantation, hearing aid use preimplantation, and gender, were recorded during the CI assessment process...
November 2016: Ear and Hearing
C Emily Hendrick, Joseph E Potter
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with numerous health benefits for the infant and mother. Latina women in the United States have historically had high overall rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding. However, these rates vary by nativity and time lived in the United States. Exclusive breastfeeding patterns among Latina women are unclear. In this study, we investigate the current and exclusive breastfeeding patterns of Mexican-origin women at four time points from delivery to 10 months postpartum to determine the combined association of nativity and country of education with breastfeeding duration and supplementation...
October 25, 2016: Birth
Richard S Legro, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, Eleanor Brindle, Hubert W Vesper, Julianne C Botelho, Peter A Lee, William C Dodson
CONTEXT: Daughters of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are thought to be at increased risk for developing stigmata of the syndrome, but the ontogeny during puberty is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To phenotype daughters (N = 76) of mothers with PCOS and daughters (N = 80) from control mothers for reproductive and metabolic parameters characteristic of PCOS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Matched Case/Control Study, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Non-Hispanic, Caucasian girls age 4-17 INTERVENTION: Obtain birth history, biometric, ovarian ultrasounds, whole body DXA scan for body composition, 2 hour glucose challenged salivary insulin levels and two timed urinary collections (12 hours overnight and 3 hours AM) for gonadotropins and sex steroids...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Khaled Abass, Markku Koiranen, Darja Mazej, Janja Snoj Tratnik, Milena Horvat, Jukka Hakkola, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Arja Rautio
The Northern Finland Birth Cohort program (NFBC) is the epidemiological and longitudinal prospective general population research program, which was established to promote health and wellbeing of the population in northern Finland. The aim of present study, as a part of the NFBC program, was to analyze the blood levels of arsenic (B-As), cadmium (B-Cd), lead (B-Pb), total mercury (B-Hg) and selenium (B-Se); to compare these levels with threshold limits; to study sociodemographic factors; and to correlate these levels with calcium and haemoglobin...
October 24, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Anne Julie Overgaard, Simranjeet Kaur, Flemming Pociot
Metabolomics is the snapshot of all detectable metabolites and lipids in biological materials and has potential in reflecting genetic and environmental factors contributing to the development of complex diseases, such as type 1 diabetes. The progression to seroconversion to development of type 1 diabetes has been studied using this technique, although in relatively small cohorts and at limited time points. Overall, three observations have been consistently reported; phospholipids at birth are lower in children developing type 1 diabetes early in childhood, methionine levels are lower in children at seroconversion, and triglycerides are increased at seroconversion and associated to microbiome diversity, indicating an association between the metabolome and microbiome in type 1 diabetes progression...
December 2016: Current Diabetes Reports
Emmanuel Amabebe, Steven Reynolds, Victoria Stern, Graham Stafford, Martyn Paley, Dilly O C Anumba
Changes in vaginal microbiota that is associated with preterm birth (PTB) leave specific metabolite fingerprints that can be detected in the cervicovaginal fluid (CVF) using metabolomics techniques. In this study, we characterize and validate the CVF metabolite profile of pregnant women presenting with symptoms of threatened preterm labor (PTL) by both (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and enzyme-based spectrophotometry. We also determine their predictive capacity for PTB, singly, and in combination, with current clinical screening tools - cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin (FFN) and ultrasound cervical length (CL)...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
Manyu Lan, Yaoqiu Kuang
The impact of women's education on fertility is of interest to researchers, particularly in China. However, few studies have provided well-founded assessments of how women's education, workforce experience, and birth control policy jointly affect fertility in China. This study, conducted in Guangdong Province, aimed to analyze how these three factors influenced the timing of births and affected women at different stages of their reproductive lives. We used census data for Guangdong Province (1990, 2000, and 2010) to make cross-sectional age-specific comparisons to examine the effects of women's education and workforce participation on fertility outcomes under China's One Child Policy...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jin Yong Lee, Minsu Ock, Seung Hoon Kim, Dun Sol Go, Hyun Joo Kim, Min Woo Jo
Health-Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) is a summary measurement that estimates the average number of years that a person at a given age can expect to live an equivalent of full health. HALE has not been previously reported at national or regional levels in Korea. This study aimed to measure HALE from 2005 to 2011 in Korea at both the national and regional levels as part of the Korean National Burden Study of 2012. To measure life expectancy (LE) and HALE, we used the life table method and an approach proposed by Sullivan...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Meng Zhou, Chenjie Zeng, Yuxiang Chen, Shuo Zhao, Matthew Y Sfeir, Manzhou Zhu, Rongchao Jin
The evolution from the metallic (or plasmonic) to molecular state in metal nanoparticles constitutes a central question in nanoscience research because of its importance in revealing the origin of metallic bonding and offering fundamental insights into the birth of surface plasmon resonance. Previous research has not been able to probe the transition due to the unavailability of atomically precise nanoparticles in the 1-3 nm size regime. Herein, we investigate the transition by performing ultrafast spectroscopic studies on atomically precise thiolate-protected Au25, Au38, Au144, Au333, Au∼520 and Au∼940 nanoparticles...
October 24, 2016: Nature Communications
Kimberly Fryer, Sharon Keiser, Kenneth Trofatter, Kacey Y Eichelberger, Emily Heberlein
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of race/ethnicity on cerclage efficacy, as measured by the prevalence of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB), in a cohort of patients with history-indicated, ultrasound-indicated, and physical-exam indicated cerclages. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing history-indicated, ultrasound-indicated, and physical-exam indicated cerclage placement from January 2003 to July 2013 at a tertiary care hospital...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Rafaela S C Takeshita, Michael A Huffman, Keiko Mouri, Keiko Shimizu, Fred B Bercovitch
Dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) is the main steroid product of the primate fetal adrenal during mid to late gestation and it plays a major role in providing estrogens needed for parturition. We tested the hypothesis that this hormone can indicate fetal health status and attempted to use fecal DHEAS (fDHEAS) to predict pregnancy outcome in Japanese macaques. The subjects were 16 adult females and 3 neonatal Japanese macaques living in captivity at the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University. We classified females that gave birth to healthy infants as successful and females that gave birth to dead infants as stillbirth (late fetal loss) and miscarriage (early fetal loss)...
October 19, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Alexander J Hose, Martin Depner, Sabina Illi, Susanne Lau, Thomas Keil, Ulrich Wahn, Oliver Fuchs, Petra Ina Pfefferle, Elisabeth Schmaußer-Hechfellner, Jon Genuneit, Roger Lauener, Anne M Karvonen, Caroline Roduit, Jean-Charles Dalphin, Josef Riedler, Juha Pekkanen, Erika von Mutius, Markus J Ege, Carl Peter Bauer, Johannes Forster, Fred Zepp, Volker Wahn, Antje Schuster, Renate L Bergmann, Karl E Bergmann, Andreas Reich, Linus Grabenhenrich, Bianca Schaub, Georg J Loss, Harald Renz, Michael Kabesch, Marjut Roponen, Anne Hyvärinen, Pekka Tiittanen, Sami Remes, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Remo Frei, Vincent Kaulek, Marie-Laure Dalphin, Gert Doekes, Nicole Blümer, Urs Frey
BACKGROUND: Phenotypes of childhood-onset asthma are characterized by distinct trajectories and functional features. For atopy, definition of phenotypes during childhood is less clear. OBJECTIVE: To define phenotypes of atopic sensitization over the first 6 years of life by a latent class analysis (LCA) integrating three dimensions of atopy: allergen specificity, time course, and levels of specific IgE. METHODS: Phenotypes were defined by LCA in 680 children of the MAS and 766 of the PASTURE birth cohorts and compared to classical non-disjunctive definitions of seasonal, perennial, and food sensitization with respect to atopic diseases and lung function...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Nigel Lee, Sue Kildea, Helen Stapleton
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: Sterile water injections (SWI) are gaining popularity amongst women and midwives for the relief of back pain in labour. However the brief but intense pain associated with the injection has been cited as a deterrent to use and may negatively affect the birth experience. AIM: To explore women's experiences of using sterile water injections as analgesia for back pain in labour. DESIGN: A qualitative study, which generated data through individual semi-structured interviews with postnatal women...
October 19, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
P Rozenberg
Macrosomic fetuses are at increased risk of obstetric complications, and notably shoulder dystocia, responsible for a severe neonatal morbidity. In case of fetal macrosomia, three options are: (i) the elective cesarean delivery, but this is recommended only when the estimated fetal weight is≥4500g for diabetic women and 5000g for non-diabetic women; (ii) the expectative management, but children with birth weight≥4500 had significantly increased risk of perinatal mortality, neonatal asphyxia, trauma, and cesarean delivery; (iii) the induction of labor which, reducing the possibility of fetal growth, reduce the risk of cesarean delivery for cephalopelvic disproportion and shoulder dystocia...
October 19, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Paresh Zanzmera, Ramshekhar N Menon, Kalyani Karkare, Himanshu Soni, Sujit Jagtap, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to study the electroclinical characteristics and seizure outcome of children with epilepsy with myoclonic absences (EMA). METHOD: In this descriptive cohort study, we reviewed clinical records of patients who met the criteria for EMA. Each patient's demographic data, birth/developmental history, seizure semiology/pattern, antiepileptic drugs (AED), clinical examination, video-electroencephalography (VEEG), and neuroimaging data were reviewed...
October 19, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Joanne E Brady, Danielle K Liffmann, Anthony Yartel, Natalie Kil, Alex D Federman, Joseph Kannry, Cynthia Jordan, Omar I Massoud, David R Nerenz, Kimberly A Brown, Bryce D Smith, Claudia Vellozzi, David B Rein
BACKGROUND: From December 2012-March 2014, three randomized trials, each implementing a unique intervention in primary care settings (mail recruitment [repeated-mailing], an electronic health record best practice alert [BPA], and patient-solicitation [patient-solicitation]), evaluated HCV antibody testing, diagnosis, and costs for each of the interventions compared to standard-of-care testing. Multilevel multivariable models were used to estimate the adjusted risk ratio (aRR) for receiving an HCV antibody test, and costs were estimated using activity-based costing...
October 22, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"