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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926598/acculturation-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-among-hispanic-women-in-the-united-states-systematic-review
#1
Dalia Alhasanat, Carmen Giurgescu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate studies that examined the relationship between acculturation and postpartum depression (PPD) among immigrant and/or refugee women in the United States. METHODS: A systematic, computer-assisted search of quantitative, English-language, peer-reviewed, published research articles was conducted in the Scopus, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Maternity and Infant Care databases using the keyword terms of "postpartum depression" and "perinatal depression" in combination with "acculturation...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926501/abdominal-radical-trachelectomy-guided-by-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-for-stage-ib1-cervical-cancer-with-tumors-2-cm
#2
Xiangyun Deng, Ying Zhang, Dapeng Li, Xiaoling Zhang, Hui Guo, Fei Wang, Xiugui Sheng
Accuracy of prediction of pelvic lymph node status using sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), and outcomes of SLNB-guided abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) were assessed. Patients with stage IB1 (Figure 2009) cervical cancer and with tumors >2 cm were enrolled. Prior to fertility-sparing surgery 99mTc-labeled phytate was administered. SLNs were intraoperatively identified, excised, and assessed using fast-frozen sections. Systematic bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy with or without para-aortic lymphadenectomy was subsequently undertaken...
December 3, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924735/-clinical-medication-reviews-in-elderly-patients-with-polypharmacy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-dutch-community-pharmacies
#3
S H Chau, A P D Jansen, P M van de Ven, P Hoogland, P J M Elders, J G Hugtenburg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nature and prevalence of drug related problems (DRPs) in older patients with polypharmacy identified by community pharmacists in daily practice through means of a clinical medication review (CMR) and assess the implementation rate of proposed interventions to solve DRPs. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study METHOD: We analysed the CMR data of 3,807 older patients (≥ 65 years) with polypharmacy (≥ 5 drugs) completed in January-August 2012...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924715/perfluoroalkyl-acids-pfaas-and-anthropometric-measures-in-the-first-year-of-life-results-from-the-duisburg-birth-cohort
#4
Eman Alkhalawi, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Michael Wilhelm, Wolfgang Völkel, Jürgen Wittsiepe
In the context of the Duisburg Birth Cohort, this retrospective cohort study provides results of internal exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), and perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS) in 156 mother-child pairs, and investigates whether and to what extent in utero exposure of these chemicals at German background levels exerts an effect on newborn and infant weight and length, and weight in relation to length expressed by ponderal index, in order to examine whether any reduction in weight is disproportionate to length...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924661/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-the-maternal-and-fetal-implications
#5
Shanthi Carnelio, Adam Morton, H David McIntyre
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) which includes obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS), has emerged as a risk factor for adverse maternal-foetal outcomes in pregnancy. Physiological changes of pregnancy predispose a woman 'at risk' towards developing SDB. The increasing incidence of OSA in pregnancy closely correlates with the population trends of obesity. Common screening tools validated in non-pregnant subjects including Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) are poor predictors of SDB in pregnancy...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923236/the-effect-of-head-positioning-and-head-tilting-on-the-incidence-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-very-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review
#6
Karen A de Bijl-Marcus, Annemieke J Brouwer, Linda S de Vries, Gerda van Wezel-Meijler
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in neonatal intensive care, germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) remains a frequent, serious complication of premature birth. Neutral head position and head tilting have been suggested to reduce the risk of GMH-IVH in preterm infants during the first 72 h of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of the effect of neutral head positioning and head tilting on the incidence of GMH-IVH in very preterm infants (gestational age ≤30 weeks)...
December 7, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923165/outpatient-versus-inpatient-cervix-priming-with-foley-catheter-a-randomized-trial
#7
Catarina Policiano, Mariana Pimenta, Diana Martins, Nuno Clode
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy between outpatient and inpatient cervix priming with Foley catheter. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized trial including term pregnancies with a single fetus in cephalic presentation, Bishop score<6, gestational age>41 weeks or medical indication for induction of labor. Patients were randomized to outpatient (n=65) or inpatient (n=65) priming with Foley catheter. Primary outcome was Bishop score change between outpatient and inpatient groups...
November 27, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922939/telomere-length-is-longer-in-women-with-late-maternal-age
#8
Erin Fagan, Fangui Sun, Harold Bae, Irma Elo, Stacy L Andersen, Joseph Lee, Kaare Christensen, Bharat Thyagarajan, Paola Sebastiani, Thomas Perls, Lawrence S Honig, Nicole Schupf
OBJECTIVE: Maternal age at birth of last child has been associated with maternal longevity. The aim of this study was to determine whether older women with a history of late maternal age at last childbirth had a longer leukocyte telomere length than those with maternal age at last childbirth of 29 years or less. METHODS: A nested case control study was conducted using data from the Long Life Family Study. Three hundred eighty-seven women who gave birth to at least one child and lived to the top fifth percentile of their birth cohort, or died before the top fifth percentile of their birth cohort died, but were at least 70 years old, were studied...
December 5, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922238/parental-perception-and-child-s-nutritional-status
#9
S Songül Yalçın, Esra Serdaroğlu, O Tolga İnce
Childhood obesity is a health hazard increasing worldwide. Preschool period which is under supervision of parents is a critical period to detect overweight and take precautions. We studied the factors affecting parental estimation of their preschool child's weight. Three hundred sixty seven mothers completed questionnaires consisting of child's and parents' anthropometric measurements, parents' assessment of their child's and their own weight status, and general information about their lifestyle. Mothers also chose their wish for current and future body image of their child from child drawings representing percentiles...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919372/does-extended-cpoe-use-reduce-patient-length-of-stay
#10
Darryl Romanow, Arun Rai, Mark Keil, Steven Luxenberg
OBJECTIVE: This study compares use of Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) and related clinical systems (i.e., extended CPOE) across 796 clinical teams caring for five distinct patient conditions. Our focus is the relationship between clinical teams' extended CPOE use and extent of prolonged stay (EPS), defined as the deviation in patients' observed length of stay from expected risk-adjusted length of stay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using archival data from two affiliated hospitals in the Southeastern United States, we focused on five different patient conditions of varying mortality risk (vaginal birth, knee/hip replacement, cardiovascular surgery, organ transplant and pneumonia)...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918463/parity-age-at-first-birth-and-risk-of-death-from-bladder-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#11
Hui-Fen Chiu, Brian K Chen, Chun-Yuh Yang
The evidence is limited on the relationship between reproductive factors and bladder cancer (BC). We studied 1,292,462 women who had a first and singleton delivery between 1 January 1978 and 31 December 1987. Each woman in the study cohort was tracked from their first childbirth to 31 December 2009. Vital status of the women was determined by crosswalking records with a computerized mortality database. We used Cox proportional hazard regression models to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) of death from BC associated with maternal age at first birth and parity...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917851/missing-risks-in-opportunistic-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-crodiabgp-study
#12
Marija Vrca Botica, Linda Carcaxhiu, Josipa Kern, Thomas Kuehlein, Iva Botica, Larisa Gavran, Ines Zelić, Darko Iliev, Dijana Haralović, Anđelko Vrca
Aim To examine two methods of extracting risks for undetected type 2 diabetes (T2D): derived from electronic medical record(EMR) and family medicine (FM) assessment during pre-consultation phase. All risks were structured in three lists of patients' data using Wonca International Classification Committee(WICC). Missing data were detected in each list. Methods A prospective study included a group of 1883 patients(aged 45-70) identified with risks. Risks were assessed based on EMR for continuity variables and FM's assessment for episodes of disease and personal related information...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917777/the-identification-and-treatment-of-women-with-hyperglycaemia-in-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-systematic-reviews-meta-analyses-and-an-economic-evaluation
#13
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Susan Griffin, Ana Duarte, Debbie A Lawlor, Mark Sculpher, Lesley Fairley, Su Golder, Derek Tuffnell, Martin Bland, Fidelma Dunne, Donald Whitelaw, John Wright, Trevor A Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a higher risk of important adverse outcomes. Practice varies and the best strategy for identifying and treating GDM is unclear. AIM: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies for identifying and treating women with GDM. METHODS: We analysed individual participant data (IPD) from birth cohorts and conducted systematic reviews to estimate the association of maternal glucose levels with adverse perinatal outcomes; GDM prevalence; maternal characteristics/risk factors for GDM; and the effectiveness and costs of treatments...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917739/do-cognitive-and-physical-functions-age-in-concert-from-age-70-to-76-evidence-from-the-lothian-birth-cohort-1936
#14
Stuart J Ritchie, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, John M Starr, Ian J Deary
The present study concerns the relation of mental and bodily characteristics to one another during ageing. The 'common cause' theory of ageing proposes that declines are shared across multiple, seemingly-disparate functions, including both physical and intellectual abilities. The concept of 'reserve' suggests that healthier cognitive (and perhaps bodily) functions from early in life are protective against the effects of senescence across multiple domains. In three waves of physical and cognitive testing data from the longitudinal Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (n = 1,091 at age 70 years; n = 866 at 73; n = 697 at 76), we used multivariate growth curve modeling to test the 'common cause' and 'reserve' hypotheses...
December 5, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917532/do-women-have-a-choice-care-providers-and-decision-makers-perspectives-on-barriers-to-access-of-health-services-for-birth-after-a-previous-cesarean
#15
Sarah Munro, Jude Kornelsen, Kitty Corbett, Elizabeth Wilcox, Nick Bansback, Patricia Janssen
BACKGROUND: Repeat cesarean delivery is the single largest contributor to the escalating cesarean rate worldwide. Approximately 80 percent of women with a past cesarean are candidates for vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC), but in Canada less than one-third plan VBAC. Emerging evidence suggests that these trends may be due in part to nonclinical factors, including care provider practice patterns and delays in access to surgical and anesthesia services. This study sought to explore maternity care providers' and decision makers' attitudes toward and experiences with providing and planning services for women with a previous cesarean...
December 5, 2016: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915496/cervical-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-twin-pregnancies-with-short-cervical-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Gabriele Saccone, Andrea Ciardulli, Serena Xodo, Lorraine Dugoff, Jack Ludmir, Francesco D'Antonio, Simona Boito, Elena Olearo, Carmela Votino, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Giuseppe Rizzo, Pasquale Martinelli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of cervical pessary for preventing spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in twin pregnancies with an asymptomatic transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) in the second trimester Methods: We performed a meta-analysis including all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing the use of cervical pessary (i.e. intervention group) with expectant management (i.e. control group). The primary outcome was incidence of SPTB <34 weeks. RESULTS: Three trials, including 481 twin pregnancies with short cervix, were analyzed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915409/does-adolescent-motherhood-affect-education-and-labor-market-outcomes-of-mothers-a-study-on-young-adult-women-in-chile-during-1990-2013
#17
Matias Berthelon, Diana I Kruger
OBJECTIVES: We analyze the impact of adolescent motherhood on several education and labor market outcomes in Chile over the 1990-2013 period. We explore whether effects are different across income levels, timing of adolescent births, and three sub-periods. METHODS: Using the CASEN national household survey, we applied propensity score-matching methods on two samples of women aged 24: one for women in the 2009-2013 period and another sample of 24-year-old women living with their mother between 1990-2013...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915038/intrauterine-administration-of-hcg-activated-autologous-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-pbmc-promotes-live-birth-rates-in-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-cycles-of-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#18
Saijiao Li, Jing Wang, Yan Cheng, Danni Zhou, Tailang Yin, Wangming Xu, Nan Yu, Jing Yang
Recurrent implantation failure refers to unsuccessful implantation after repeated transfers of morphologically good quality embryos into a normal uterus. Recently, accumulating evidence has suggested that local immune cells at the implantation site have actively contributed to embryo implantation. Our aim was to study the effects of intrauterine administration of hCG-activated autologous human PBMC on clinical pregnancy, implantation rates and live birth rate of patients who received frozen/thawed embryo transfer...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914518/delta-6-desaturase-activity-during-the-first-year-of-life-in-preterm-infants
#19
Nobuhiko Nagano, Tomoo Okada, Kazunori Kayama, Shigeharu Hosono, Yohei Kitamura, Shigeru Takahashi
Term neonates have high delta-6 desaturase (D6D) activity, which is important for regulating polyunsaturated fatty acid's (PUFA) nutritional status. The aim was to investigate D6D activity in preterm infants and its postnatal changes. Forty-three appropriate-for-gestational-age infants were included. PUFA in red blood cells was analyzed at birth and at one, six, and 12 months of age. D6D activity was estimated by 20:3n-6/18:2n-6 ratio. At birth, preterm infants had D6D activity as high as that of term infants; D6D activity declined to about one-third at one month, then further decreased to about one-sixth at six months and remained stable until 12 months...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911069/-urological-pathology-of-lymphatic-origin
#20
A Domènech, A Serrano, I Forner-Cordero, F Gómez, D Maldonado, C Domínguez
OBJECTIVES: Lymphatic disease is a rarely cause of some very unspecific genitourinary manifestations, assuming a diagnostic challenge in most cases. The aim of this paper is to warn about the possible etiology of these urological lymphatic presentations and discuss its management. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical data in pediatric patients with urological pathology of lymphatic origin between 2008-2014. Three patients, two boys and a girl, were included...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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