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Enuresis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887168/objective-and-subjective-improvement-in-children-with-idiopathic-detrusor-overactivity-after-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-injection-a-preliminary-report
#1
Ghazi M Al Edwan, Hammam H Mansi, Omar Nabeeh M Atta, Mohammad M Shaath, Rawand Al Adwan, Waleed Mahafza, Kameel M Afram, Omar Ababneh, Deema Al Adwan, Muheilan M Muheilan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Intravesical Botulinum toxin injection on the symptoms and urodynamic parameters in pediatric patients with idiopathic overactive bladder (iOAB) refractory to medical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was designed as an open-label uncontrolled therapeutic clinical trial. The eligible patients who underwent Intravesical botulinum toxin injection were evaluated before treatment. The evaluation included a 7-day paper bladder diary to assess OAB symptoms (frequency, urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE)), filling the Arabic International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI short form), and conducting urodynamic study...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869076/therapeutic-symptomatic-strategies-in-the-parasomnias
#2
REVIEW
Raffaele Manni, Gianpaolo Toscano, Michele Terzaghi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to discuss the currently available pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options for parasomnias. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent pathophysiological findings about sleep structure in parasomnias helped understanding several drug mechanisms of action. Serotoninergic theory accounts for the effect of serotoninergic drugs. Study about spectral analysis of sleep showed the effect of clonazepam on spectral bands. Cannabinoids proved to be effective in some of parasomnias, as in many other neurological disorders...
June 5, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845962/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-nocturnal-enuresis
#3
LETTER
Shikha Jain, Girish Chandra Bhatt, Abhishek Goya, Vikas Gupta, Bhavna Dhingra
There is increasing evidence on the association of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) with obstructive sleep apnea. In this communication, we share our experience of four patients with Primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) with positive Sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) score who underwent detailed polysomnography, and were either refractory to desmopressin treatment or relapsed on discontinuation of desmopressin.
May 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845958/enuresis-much-ado-about-bedwetting
#4
Preeti Singh, Anju Seth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779924/management-of-nocturnal-enuresis-in-taiwan-consensus-statements-of-the-taiwan-enuresis-expert-committee
#5
REVIEW
Ta-Min Wang, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Mei-Ching Yu, Yee-Hsuan Chiou, Kuo-Liang Chen, Hong-Lin Cheng, Jesun Lin, Hsiao-Wen Chen, Hann-Chorng Kuo, Shyh-Chyan Chen
Nocturnal enuresis causes significant psychological distress to affected children and their family and requires appropriate management. A 12-member expert committee of pediatric urologists and pediatric nephrologists in Taiwan with extensive experience in treating enuresis was established to develop consensus statements and a recommended treatment algorithm for the management of patients with nocturnal enuresis in Taiwan after careful consideration of current evidence, existing guidelines, and expert opinion as well as local practice and culture...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775557/symptoms-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-nasal-obstruction-and-enuresis-in-children-with-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-prevalence-study
#6
Marilyse de Bragança Lopes Fernandes, Alícia Graziela Noronha Silva Salgueiro, Eliete Janaína Bueno Bighetti, Ivy Kiemle Trindade-Suedam, Inge Elly Kiemle Trindade
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), nasal obstruction, and enuresis in children with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Referral care center. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seventy-four children aged 6 to 12 years of both genders. INTERVENTIONS: Symptoms of OSA and nasal obstruction were investigated by analysis of scores obtained by the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) and Congestion Quantifier (CQ-5)...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773463/the-optimal-duration-of-alarm-therapy-use-in-children-with-primary-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis
#7
Kirill V Kosilov, Boris I Geltser, Sergay A Loparev, Irina G Kuzina, Olga V Shakirova, Natalia S Zhuravskaya, Alexandra Lobodenko
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) has a range of 1.6-5.3% in adolescents and 7.5-12.4% in children of 5-10 years. Alarm intervention has been well known for more than 30 years. This method is a reliable and safe means of treating primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis, being effective in 60-80% of cases. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of alarm intervention prolongation after the cure in order to reduce the risk of disease recurrence...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744477/can-recording-only-the-day-time-voided-volumes-predict-bladder-capacity
#8
Won Yeol Cho, Seong Cheol Kim, Sun-Ouck Kim, Sungchan Park, Sang Don Lee, Jae Min Chung, Kyung Do Kim, Du Geon Moon, Young Sig Kim, Jun Mo Kim
Purpose: This study aimed to demonstrate a method to easily assess bladder capacity using knowledge of day-time voided volumes, which can be obtained even from patients with nocturnal enuresis where the first morning void cannot accurately predict the bladder capacity due to bladder emptying overnight. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 177 healthy children from 7 Korean medical centres entered the study between January 2008 and January 2009. Voided volumes measured for more than 48 hours were recorded in the frequency volume chart (FVC)...
May 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719355/risk-factors-of-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Habibolah Khazaie, Farshid Eghbali, Houshang Amirian, Mahmoud Reza Moradi, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
Background: Presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a negative effect on the resolution of incontinence; however, there are few studies which investigated the risk factors of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in patients with ADHD. Aims: This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of NE and its risk factors in children with ADHD. Methods: 331 children, aged 6 to 10 years, diagnosed as having ADHD were enrolled in this study...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707531/morphometric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-in-children-with-primary-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis
#10
Mengxing Wang, Anyi Zhang, Jilei Zhang, Haifeng Lu, Shuai Xu, Zhaoxia Qin, Jun Ma, Xiaoxia Du
Objective: Primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) refers to bed-wetting in children who have no other lower urinary tract symptoms and are never dry for more than 6 months. Our previous studies demonstrated that children with PMNE exhibited brain functional abnormalities compared with healthy controls; however, researches on the abnormalities in gray matter were limited. This study aimed to investigate brain structural changes in gray matter of children with PMNE using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702985/herbal-medicine-suoquan-for-treating-nocturnal-enuresis-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Yoo Been Lee, Ju Ah Lee, Soobin Jang, Hye Lim Lee
BACKGROUND: Suoquan is widely used to treat frequent urination, enuresis, and other diseases caused by kidney qi deficiency. Many clinical trials assessing the efficacy and safety of Suoquan for the treatment of enuresis have been reported. This review will assess the clinical evidence for and against the use of Suoquan as a treatment for enuresis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Fourteen databases will be searched until 2018. We will include randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining Suoquan decoctions for any type of enuresis...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697936/do-uroflowmetry-and-post-void-residual-urine-tests-necessary-in-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#12
Shang-Jen Chang, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the benefits of repetitive uroflowmetry and post void residual urine (PVR) tests in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children aged ≥6 years with PNE who visited our clinics for management of enuresis were included for study. Patients were requested to complete a questionnaire including baseline characteristics and Dysfunctional Voiding Symptom Score (DVSS), 2-day bladder diary, and Rome III criteria for constipation...
March 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696555/desmopressin-induced-severe-hyponatremia-with-central-pontine-myelinolysis-a-case-report
#13
Tanzib Hossain, Marya Ghazipura, Vineet Reddy, Pedro J Rivera, Vikramjit Mukherjee
Desmopressin, a synthetic vasopressin analog, is used to treat central diabetes insipidus, hemostatic disorders such as von Willebrand's disease, and nocturnal enuresis. We present the case of a 69-year-old man who developed severe hyponatremia during treatment with intranasal desmopressin at 10 µg twice daily for chronic polyuria and nocturia thought to be due to central diabetes insipidus. After 5 months of therapy, the patient noticed progressive fatigue, anorexia, dizziness, weakness, light-headedness, decreased concentration, and new-onset falls...
April 25, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677923/profiling-databases-to-facilitate-comparison-of-child-health-systems-across-europe-using-standardised-quality-markers
#14
Harshana Liyanage, Stacy Shinneman, Uy Hoang, Filipa Ferreira, Denise Alexander, Michael Rigby, Mitch Blair, Simon de Lusignan
Models of child primary health care vary across Europe. There are three categories, primary care paediatricians, general practitioner based, or mixed. This paper describes the metadata schema used in the profiling process of candidate data sources for appraisal for the Models of Child Health Appraised (MOCHA) project using the MOCHA International Research Opportunity Instrument (MIROI). The ten clinical indicators included: asthma, antibiotic stewardship, immunisation, rickets, diarrhea, epilepsy, depression, ADHD, enuresis and care of women during pregnancy...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666130/does-dexmedetomidine-given-as-a-premedication-or-intraoperatively-reduce-post-hospitalisation-behaviour-change-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#15
Paul Lee-Archer, Craig McBride, Rebecca Paterson, Michael Reade, Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, Deborah Long
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that post-hospitalisation behaviour change (PHBC) occurs in over 50% of children undergoing a general anaesthetic and manifests as behaviours such as sleep and eating disorders, defiance of authority, nightmares, enuresis and temper tantrums. The effect is usually short-lived (2-4 weeks); however, in 5-10% of children, these behaviours can last up to 12 months. The risk factors for developing PHBC include underlying anxiety in the child or parent, a previous bad hospital experience, emergence delirium and preschool age...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652207/a-consecutive-case-series-analysis-of-a-behavioral-intervention-for-enuresis-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#16
Joanna Lomas Mevers, Colin Muething, Nathan A Call, Mindy Scheithauer, Shannon Hewett
Children with developmental disabilities (DD) are more likely than typically developing peers to have issues with enuresis. Past research has shown the success of behavioral treatments consisting of scheduled sits and reinforcement for continent voids. However, this research has included small sample sizes, while studies with larger numbers have lacked key information (i.e., baseline rates and follow-up data to evaluate maintenance and generalization). The current study conducted a consecutive case series analysis of 44 individuals with developmental disabilities who completed a 2-week program for enuresis...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598883/effect-of-vitamin-d-and-omega-3-on-nocturnal-enuresis-of-7-15-year-old-children
#17
E Rahmani, M H Eftekhari, M H Fallahzadeh, M Fararouei, S J Massoumi
INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal enuresis is known to be a common urinary bladder complication in children. Recent studies have associated vitamin D and omega-3 insufficiency with nocturnal enuresis. AIM: This was a 2-month randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial to measure the effects of vitamin D, omega-3 supplements, and their combination on nocturnal enuresis among 7-15-year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (180 children with nocturnal enuresis) were selected from children referred to the Pediatric ward of Imam Reza Clinic in Shiraz, Iran...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527732/nigerian-sleep-study-found-that-children-slept-less-and-had-more-problems-than-children-in-other-countries
#18
Idowu O Senbanjo, Mohammed A Salisu, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Uchechukwu O Adediji, Ayodeji O Akinola
AIM: We studied sleep patterns, sleep problems and associated socio-demographic factors among children aged one year to 12 years in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: This prospective hospital-based study involved 432 children (55% males) who came for routine paediatric care at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital. Information on socio-demographics, sleeping patterns and specific sleep disorders was obtained. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 5...
March 12, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487248/association-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-poor-academic-performance-a-school-based-study-from-india
#19
Abhishek Goyal, Abhijit P Pakhare, Girish C Bhatt, Bharat Choudhary, Rajesh Patil
Background: Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent but often neglected disorder. There is paucity of reports on the prevalence of pediatric OSA from India. This study was done to estimate the prevalence of OSA in school children aged 5-10 years and its association with academic performance. Methodology: This school-based cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted from July 2015 to November 2015. A questionnaire seeking information on sociodemographic variables, school performance, sleeping pattern, and a validated 22-item pediatrics sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) scale was distributed to 1820 pupils in three primary schools...
March 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484228/the-adverse-effects-of-oral-desmopressin-lyophilisate-melt-personal-experience-on-enuretic-children
#20
Pietro Ferrara, Giulia Franceschini, Serena Mercurio, Ester Del Vescovo, Francesca Ianniello, Tommasangelo Petitti
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate adverse effects of oral desmopressin lyophilisate (MELT) in enuretic children. Material and methods: We enrolled 260 children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) referred to the Pediatric Service, 'Campus Bio-Medico' University of Rome, from April 2014 to April 2017 in the study, of these 23 were excluded. The study was characterized by 2 phases. During Phase 1 a careful patient's medical history was obtained and physical examination was performed...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
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