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Enuresis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045258/early-behavioral-risks-of-childhood-and-adolescent-daytime-urinary-incontinence-and-nocturnal-enuresis
#1
Monica M A Vasconcelos, Patricia East, Estela Blanco, Emily S Lukacz, Gabriela Caballero, Betsy Lozoff, Sheila Gahagan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether infant temperament and childhood internalizing, externalizing, and inattention symptoms increase the likelihood of daytime urinary incontinence or nocturnal enuresis at 10 years and adolescence (11.9-17.8 years). METHOD: Data were from a longitudinal cohort of 1119 healthy Chilean children. We assessed behavioral symptoms at infancy, 5 years, and 10 years and their relationship with subsequent daytime urinary incontinence and nocturnal enuresis...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037865/voiding-school-as-a-treatment-of-daytime-incontinence-or-enuresis-children-s-experiences-of-the-intervention
#2
A Saarikoski, R Koppeli, S Salanterä, S Taskinen, A Axelin
BACKGROUND: Daytime incontinence and enuresis are common problems in otherwise healthy children, and negatively influence their social lives and self-esteem. Motivation for treatment is often a real clinical problem. Children's experiences of their incontinence treatments have not been previously described. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's experiences of the Voiding School intervention as a treatment for their incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative, descriptive focus-group study with a purposive sample was conducted at a Finish university hospital in 2014...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019014/incontinence-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Justine Niemczyk, C Wagner, A von Gontard
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are defined by persistent deficits in reciprocal social interaction, communication, and language, as well as stereotyped and repetitive behavior. Functional incontinence, as well as ASD are common disorders in childhood. The aim of this systematic review was to give an overview of the co-occurrence of nocturnal enuresis (NE), daytime urinary incontinence (DUI), and fecal incontinence (FI) in ASD, and vice versa, of ASD in children with incontinence. A systematic literature search of the terms "incontinence", "enuresis", and "encopresis" in combination with "autism" or "Asperger" in four databases (Scopus, PubMed, PsycInfo and Web of science) was conducted...
October 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986091/the-role-of-adenotonsillectomy-in-the-treatment-of-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children-a-systematic-review
#4
Kyle Jeffrey Lehmann, Ralph Nelson, Dawn MacLellan, Peter Anderson, Rodrigo L P Romao
INTRODUCTION: Primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) is a challenging condition for physicians, patients and families. Although the etiology remains unclear, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and sleep apnea have been suggested to play an important role. Recent research has suggested a potential therapeutic benefit of adenotonsillectomy (T&A) and surgical management of upper airway obstruction in the treatment of PNE. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to conduct a systematic review of relevant literature to determine the effectiveness of T&A in treating children aged 2-19 years with PNE...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974365/predictors-of-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overactive-bladder-treated-with-parasacral-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation
#5
Anselmo Hoffmann, Clara Sampaio, Ana Aparecida Nascimento, Maria Luiza Veiga, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has emerged as an effective treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) in view of its high success rates in improving lower urinary tract symptoms and constipation, with no direct side effects. However, the clinical characteristics associated with the outcomes remain to be established. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of outcome in children with OAB treated using parasacral TENS...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966673/desmopressin-plus-anticholinergic-agent-in-the-treatment-of-nocturnal-enuresis-a-meta-analysis
#6
Jianyong Yu, Zhaojun Yan, Shiying Zhou, Feng Han, Feng Xiao, Jian Han, Congling Sun
The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of combination therapy comprising desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent compared with desmopressin alone for children with nocturnal enuresis (NE). A meta-analysis of 8 eligible studies was performed to analyze the effects of desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent combination therapy and desmopressin monotherapy in the treatment of NE in children. The overall odds ratio (OR) or standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval were calculated for full responders (FR), partial responders (PR), non-responders (NR), the change in the mean number of wet nights and adverse events...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952347/enuresis-and-constipation-in-a-12-year-old
#7
Gillis G Schwartz, Paul R Hillman, Emma V Omoruyi, Lynnette J Mazur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#8
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891253/effect-of-traditional-chinese-and-western-medicine-on-nocturnal-enuresis-in-children-and-its-influencing-factors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yanli Ma, Xiaomei Liu, Ying Shen
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common pediatric developmental disorder. Desmopressin is frequently used for NE and is an evidence-based therapy.The Suoquan capsule is a Chinese medicine commonly used for treating NE in children but is poorly understood by most scholars. METHODS: A total of 369 children with NE were randomized to receive treatments consisting of Suoquan, desmopressin plus Suoquan, desmopressin, or behavioral interventions for two months...
September 10, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888814/primary-and-secondary-enuresis-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Bernhard Haid, Serdar Tekgül
CONTEXT: Enuresis is a common and possibly underestimated condition. While 5-10% of school-aged children suffer from the condition, a lack of background knowledge may impede timely child-adapted and successful therapy. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of enuresis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guideline and position papers from the European Society of Pediatric Urology, the European Association of Urology, and the International Children's Continence Society were acquired...
September 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867160/children-with-nocturnal-enuresis-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-separate-entity
#11
Larisa Kovacevic, Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Aliza Rizwan, Hong Lu, Yegappan Lakshmanan
INTRODUCTION: There is ongoing debate about whether nocturnal enuresis (NE) is affected by the presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Clarifying this relationship could categorize them as a separate entity, potentially requiring a different management from enuretic children without ADHD. AIMS: To study whether (1) children with ADHD exhibited greater severity of enuresis and associated voiding symptoms compared with children without ADHD, (2) whether there was a difference in enuretic response to treatment between children with/without ADHD, (3) whether previously prescribed medication for ADHD affected severity of enuresis or voiding symptoms, and response to treatment...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859721/cpap-treats-enuresis-in-adults-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Robert P McInnis, Elisabeth B Dodds, Jami Johnsen, Sanford Auerbach, Yelena Pyatkevich
Enuresis, or "bedwetting," in children is associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and often resolves with treatment of OSA. However, it is poorly understood whether a similar relationship exists in adults. We describe a case series of 5 adult patients in whom OSA was diagnosed by laboratory polysomnography, who presented with enuresis that resolved after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). All cases occurred in the setting of obesity, in addition to other known risk factors for urinary incontinence and enuresis...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859716/non-rem-sleep-instability-in-children-with-primary-monosymptomatic-sleep-enuresis
#13
Leticia Azevedo Soster, Rosana Cardoso Alves, Simone Nascimento Fagundes, Adrienne Lebl, Eliana Garzon, Vera H Koch, Raffaele Ferri, Oliviero Bruni
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep enuresis is one of the most common sleep disturbances in childhood. Parental perception of deeper sleep in children with sleep enuresis is not confirmed by objective studies. However, evidence of disturbed sleep has been demonstrated by questionnaire, actigraphy, and polysomnographic studies, but no neurophysiological correlation with low arousability has been found. The goal of this study was to analyze the sleep microstructure of children with sleep enuresis using cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) analysis...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834569/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-criminal-extremity-new-evidence-for-sexual-homicide
#14
Matt DeLisi, Eric Beauregard
Adverse childhood experiences are associated with a wide range of behavioral, health, and psychiatric deficits and have recently been used to study the development of serious offending careers. Unfortunately, this research paradigm has largely ignored forensic populations. This study utilized the adverse childhood experiences framework to examine the associations between exposure to violence, victimization, and total adverse childhood experiences on sexual homicide using a sample of 616 incarcerated adult male sexual offenders from Canada 85 of whom committed sexual homicide...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828529/clinical-management-of-nocturnal-enuresis
#15
Eberhard Kuwertz-Bröking, Alexander von Gontard
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common health problem. Approximately 10% of 7-year-old children wet the bed regularly during sleep. Enuresis can be categorized into monosymptomatic (MEN) and nonmonosymptomatic (NMEN) forms. MEN occurs without any other symptoms of bladder dysfunction. NMEN is associated with dysfunction of the lower urinary tract with or without daytime incontinence. The rate of comorbid gastrointestinal, behavioral, and emotional disorders is elevated depending upon the subtype of NE. A careful clinical history is fundamental to the evaluation of enuresis...
August 21, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817922/re-risk-factors-and-functional-abnormalities-associated-with-adult-onset-secondary-nocturnal-enuresis-in-women
#16
Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747281/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-children-with-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#17
Cecilie Siggaard Jørgensen, Konstantinos Kamperis, Luise Borch, Britt Borg, Søren Rittig
PURPOSE: In a third of all children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis their condition is refractory to first line treatments. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation has been documented to be efficacious in children with daytime incontinence. We investigated the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis without nocturnal polyuria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (3 or more wet nights per week) and no nocturnal polyuria were randomized to treatment with active or sham transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation involving 1-hour sessions twice daily for 10 weeks in a double-blind design...
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744060/effects-of-physiotherapy-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-in-patient-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Carla Maria de Abreu Pereira, Mariane Castiglione, Karina Tamy Kasawara
[Purpose] The aim of the study was to evaluate the benefits of physical therapy for urinary incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis and to verify the impact of urinary incontinence on the patient's quality of life. [Subject and Methods] A case study of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence was conducted. Physical therapy sessions were conducted once a week, in total 15 sessions, making use of targeted functional electrical vaginal stimulation, along with active exercises for the pelvic floor muscles and electrical stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve, behavioral rehabilitation and exercise at home...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738322/pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-where-do-we-stand
#19
Yu-Shu Huang, Christian Guilleminault
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was initially described in 1976. In 1981, Dr. Guilleminault emphasized that pediatric OSA was different from the clinical presentation reported in adults. It was characterized by more disturbed nocturnal sleep than excessive daytime sleepiness, and presented more behavioral problems, particularly school problems, hyperactivity, nocturnal enuresis, sleep terrors, depression, insomnia, and psychiatric problems. The underlying causes of pediatric OSA are complex. Such factors as adenotonsillar hypertrophy, obesity, anatomical and neuromuscular factors, and hypotonic neuromuscular disease are also involved...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737880/-pheochromocytoma-presenting-with-secondary-enuresis-in-a-13-year-old-girl
#20
Elia Zoido Garrote, Marta Fernández Fernández, María C Álvarez Cañas, Cristina García Aparicio, María D Revilla Orias, Juan P Martínez Badás
Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor which is infrequent in children. Although the clinical presentation in children can be atypical, the classic symptoms are headache, sweating and tachycardia. Hypertension is often a constant sign in most patients. There are few cases in literature reporting pheochromocytoma presented with polyuria. We present a 13-year-old girl who came to the Pediatric Nephrologist due to a year of evolution of secondary enuresis. When her blood pressure was taken, she was above the 99th percentile that corresponds to her age and her height that is why she was admitted for treatment and diagnostic study...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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