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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279978/desmopressin-for-nocturia-in-adults
#1
(no author information available yet)
Desmopressin has been used for many years in the treatment of diabetes insipidus, nocturnal enuresis (involuntary urination while asleep) and nocturia associated with multiple sclerosis (in adults aged up to 65 years); it has also been recommended in certain circumstances for the treatment of nocturia in men and women (previously, an unlicensed use).(1,2) Recently, a new brand of desmopressin sublingual tablet (lyophilisate-an orally disintegrating tablet; Noqdirna-Ferring) has been licensed for use in adults of any age for the treatment of nocturia due to idiopathic nocturnal polyuria...
March 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270642/kidney-disease-profile-of-syrian-refugee-children
#2
Mehtap Akbalik Kara, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, Nilgun Col, Ayse Aysima Ozcelik, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
INTRODUCTION: Although preventative nephrology is the effective management of childhood kidney diseases, it is hard to provide it in this undesirable conditions. In this study, we aimed to document the kidney disease profile of Syrian refugee children admitted to our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty Syrian refugee children were admitted to the Pediatric Nephrology Department of the University of Gaziantep from September 2012 to January 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260347/adhd-and-enuresis-a-study-about-effectiveness-of-treatment-with-methylphenidate-or-desmopressin-in-a-pediatric-population
#3
Pietro Ferrara, Valeria Sannicandro, Francesca Ianniello, Enrica Quattrocchi, Annamaria Sbordone, Tommasangelo Petitti, Paolo Mariotti
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with methylphenidate or desmopressin (dDAVP) in patients with comorbid ADHD and enuresis. METHODS: We enrolled 103 patients affected by ADHD and 125 patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NE). Data were collected between January 2014 and December 2015. The study was carried out in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration. RESULTS: About children with ADHD, 9/103 (8,7%) were also suffering from NE; of those 8/9 followed treatment with methylphenidate and cognitive behavioral therapy...
March 3, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248210/childhood-bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-questionnaire-development-feasibility-and-aspects-of-validity-and-reliability
#4
Marieke L van Engelenburg-van Lonkhuyzen, Esther M J Bols, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, Marc A Benninga, Rob A de Bie
OBJECTIVE: To develop a questionnaire evaluating the frequency of symptoms over time of concomitant childhood bladder and bowel dysfunctions (CBBD) in 5-12 years old children and to assess its feasibility and aspects of validity and reliability. METHODS: The Childhood Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction Questionnaire (CBBDQ) was developed in phases according to COnsensus-based Standards (COSMIN) in cooperation with epidemiologists, pediatricians, physiotherapists (phases 1 and 5) and professional translators (phase 5): [1] selection of items (Delphi-method), [2] content validity (pilot), [3] feasibility (interviews), [4] structural validity and internal consistency (field testing) and [5] guideline-based translation (Dutch-English)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247659/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women-living-in-the-south-priaralye-region
#5
A A Gaibullaev, G T Iskandarova, A A Abdurizaev
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and types of urinary incontinence (UI) among women living in the South Priaralye region, and to analyze risk factors associated with UI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population-based study was conducted by nested-typological method. Analysis was carried out on the data of 1487 women collected by a standard ICIQ-SF questionnaire, an assessment tool for female urinary incontinence recommended by the European Association of Urology. RESULTS: The study showed that the prevalence of UI among women aged 18 years and older in the South Priaralye region was 27%...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247065/the-changes-of-urethral-morphology-recognized-in-voiding-cystourethrography-after-endoscopic-transurethral-incision-for-posterior-urethral-valve-in-boys-with-intractable-daytime-urinary-incontinence-and-nocturnal-enuresis
#6
Taiju Hyuga, Shigeru Nakamura, Shina Kawai, Taro Kubo, Rieko Furukawa, Toshinori Aihara, Makiko Mieno, Hideo Nakai
PURPOSE: Endoscopic transurethral incision (TUI) of posterior urethral valve (PUV) can improve daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) and nocturnal enuresis (NE). However, the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, we retrospectively examined the mobility of the urethra before and after TUI by measuring the urethral angle with voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), to clarify the effects of TUI on the morphology of the urethra during voiding. METHODS: Between July 2010 and December 2014, 29 boys with intractable DUI and/or NE were diagnosed as PUV and underwent endoscopic TUI...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219491/predictors-and-outcomes-of-childhood-primary-enuresis
#7
Ellen M Kessel, Anna E S Allmann, Brandon L Goldstein, Megan Finsaas, Lea R Dougherty, Sara J Bufferd, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: Although enuresis is relatively common in early childhood, research exploring its antecedents and implications is surprisingly limited, perhaps because the condition typically remits in middle childhood. METHOD: We examined the prevalence, predictors, prognostic factors, and outcomes of primary enuresis in a large (N = 559) multi-method, multi-informant prospective study with a community-based sample of children followed from age 3 years to age 9 years...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219111/editorial-comment-to-pathogenesis-of-enuresis-towards-a-new-understanding
#8
Kazuyoshi Johnin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217169/psychiatric-presentation-of-childhood-epilepsy-case-series-and-review
#9
Rahul Saha, M K Srivastava, Kuljeet Singh Anand
Childhood-onset epilepsy has a varied presentation and may have different etiological factors. A multiaxial diagnostic approach should be used before making treatment and management decisions for any individual patient. It is widely accepted that distinction among primary psychiatric disorders, epilepsy, and nonepileptic seizures is a challenge for physicians. This case series demonstrated the identification of three atypical presentations of seizures in children on the basis of detailed history taking and electroencephalogram findings, despite having normal findings in neurological examination and magnetic resonance imaging...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208214/pathogenesis-of-enuresis-towards-a-new-understanding
#10
REVIEW
Tryggve Nevéus
Enuresis was historically viewed as a primarily psychiatric disorder, but this understanding has changed dramatically since the end of the last century, when it became clear that somatic factors, such as nocturnal polyuria as a result of vasopressin deficiency, nocturnal detrusor overactivity and high arousal thresholds, all play a crucial role in enuresis pathogenesis. It has also become clear that enuresis is inherited in the majority of cases, although the correlation between genotype and enuretic phenotype is not straightforward...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199734/nocturnal-enuresis-impaired-children-s-quality-of-life-and-friendships
#11
I Jönson Ring, T Nevéus, A Markström, K Arnrup, F Bazargani
AIM: There have not been any continence-specific measurement tools in Swedish that have allowed clinicians to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in children with bladder dysfunction. This study evaluated the QoL in Swedish children with nocturnal enuresis and tested the reliability of a Swedish translation of the Paediatric Incontinence Questionnaire (PinQ). METHODS: This prospective study comprised 46 children aged 6-18 years with nocturnal enuresis, who completed the PinQ after it was translated into Swedish...
February 15, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197893/gender-differences-in-clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-clinical-study-of-2827-patients
#12
Ozen K Basoglu, Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is underdiagnosed in females due to different clinical presentation. We aimed to determine the effect of gender on clinical and polysomnographic features and identify predictors of OSA in women. METHODS: Differences in demographic, clinical, and polysomnographic parameters between 2052 male and 775 female OSA patients were compared. RESULTS: In female OSA patients, age (56.1 ± 9.7 vs. 50.4 ± 11...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197002/an-exploratory-study-for-bladder-dysfunction-in-atypical-antipsychotic-emergent-urinary-incontinence
#13
Preeti Sinha, Anupam Gupta, V Senthil Kumar Reddi, Chittaranjan Andrade
INTRODUCTION: This is an exploratory study, which aimed to analyze urodynamic findings in patients who are on atypical antipsychotics and present with urinary incontinence (UI) in order to understand the mechanisms of antipsychotic-emergent UI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight patients (34 ± 7.6 years; five males and three females) diagnosed with schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, who were on risperidone, olanzapine, or clozapine monotherapy and having UI were recruited...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195439/noninvasive-imaging-of-brain-oxygen-metabolism-in-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-during-natural-sleep
#14
Bing Yu, Mingzhu Huang, Xu Zhang, Hongwei Ma, Miao Peng, Qiyong Guo
A series of studies have revealed that nocturnal enuresis is closely related to hypoxia in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). However, brain oxygen metabolism of PNE children has not been investigated before. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in whole-brain cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in children suffering from PNE. We used the newly developed T2-relaxation-under-spin-tagging (TRUST) magnetic resonance imaging technique...
February 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#15
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165541/obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-enuresis-and-combined-disorders-in-children-chance-or-related-association
#16
Marco Zaffanello, Giorgio Piacentini, Giuseppe Lippi, Vassilios Fanos, Emma Gasperi, Luana Nosetti
Nocturnal enuresis is usually diagnosed and treated by a primary paediatrician or family practitioner; if there is any doubt, the children may be referred to a paediatric urologist. Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is a complex, multifactorial disorder. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is considered an important factor associated with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. Enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing are both frequent problems of sleep in childhood. We conducted an electronic search in Medline, Scopus and the ISI Web of Science to look for published material and identify a putative link between nocturnal enuresis and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing...
February 6, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149096/risperidone-induced-enuresis-in-a-12-year-old-child
#17
Reetika Dikshit, Sagar Karia, Avinash De Sousa
Risperidone has been documented to be effective in the management of behavior problems, aggression, and conduct disorder in children. While metabolic side effects like weight gain and obesity have been attributed to Risperidone use in children, side effects of the drug related to the urinary bladder are rare. We present a case of Risperidone-induced enuresis in a 12-year-old boy with conduct disorder that resolved completely after stopping the medication.
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147434/editorial-comment-to-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-is-associated-with-lower-intelligence-quotient-scores-in-boys-from-poorer-socioeconomic-status-families
#18
Kazuyoshi Johnin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141717/behavioral-changes-associated-with-a-disruptive-new-student-in-the-classroom
#19
Julie Stein OʼBrien, Howard Taras, Scott Barton, Pete Sellick, Martin T Stein
Marcus is a 10-year-old boy who was followed by his pediatrician for several years. She knows him as a socially engaged, active athlete, playing soccer and baseball, out-going, and a good student. He has been in good health without a significant medical history.At the beginning of this academic year, a new student was placed in Marcus's fourth grade class. This student is disruptive, impulsive, and abusive. He has frequent violent outbursts, yelling, kicking, and throwing objects, including recently throwing a desk across the room...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#20
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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