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School psychology

Fabiola Vilugrón Aravena, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Temístocles Molina G, María Eugenia Gras Pérez, Silvia Font-Mayolas
Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Wendy Nicholls, Martin Persson, Suzanne Robinson, Linda Selvey
BACKGROUND: Living with a cleft condition involves many years of multidisciplinary therapy, treatment, and surgical intervention. This complex process may have both physical and psychosocial long-term impacts. There is limited evidence of the psychosocial impact of cleft on individuals in Australia. AIM: To obtain an understanding of the adult patient perception of having a cleft and explore the impact of the condition on their lives. DESIGN: Qualitative methodologies at one case study site in Western Australia...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Bernadetta Izydorczyk, Katarzyna Sitnik-Warchulska
The main aim of the present study was to verify the level of impact of sociocultural appearance standards (passive awareness and active internalization) have on body dissatisfaction, the desire to engage in a relentless pursuit of thinness, the adoption of a perfectionistic attitude toward the body, and the development of a tendency to engage in bulimic eating behavior, which can develop in adolescent girls and women of varying ages. The study group comprised 234 individuals: 95 secondary school girls, 33 high school girls, 56 female students, and 50 employed women, all of whom were living in southern Poland...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Fitri Annisa, Allenidekania, Siti Chodidjah
OBJECTIVE: Advances in childhood cancer treatment have contributed to an increased survival rate among childhood cancer patients. The increasing number of survivors means that more help is needed to support them in dealing with the physical and psychosocial problems following their cancer therapy. This study explored the needs of adolescent cancer survivors in terms of health care and psychosocial services. METHOD: This qualitative research used a phenomenological approach...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Muluken Tigistu Hailegiorgis, Tezera Moshago Berheto, Ephrem Lejore Sibamo, Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Gashaw Tesfa, Fitsum Birhanu
INTRODUCTION: Orphans face multiple challenges including insufficient food, shelter, schooling, and medical care. Most research on orphans in developing countries concentrates on nutrition and health status. The present study aims to explore the psychological wellbeing of in-school orphaned and non-orphaned children. METHOD: A comparative cross-sectional study design was used in 370 randomly selected children aged between 10 and 18. Two rosters (one for orphans and one for non-orphans) were created, and then 185 were selected from each roster...
2018: PloS One
Bingfeng Han, Qianli Yuan, Yuhui Shi, Lai Wei, Jinlin Hou, Jia Shang, Ying Han, Cunduo Jin, Po-Lin Chan, Hui Zhuang, Jie Li, Fuqiang Cui
OBJECTIVES: To assess chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients' knowledge about hepatitis B and their experience of discrimination with regard to study, work, and daily life. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to 797 CHB patients in four provinces of China and used one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and a generalized linear model (GLM) to identify factors associated with discrimination. RESULTS: CHB patients had low levels of knowledge about hepatitis B...
2018: PloS One
Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Parvaneh Rezasoltani, AbouAli Vedadhir, Ziba Taghizadeh, Seyyed Hossein Samadanifard
In recent times, parents have become increasingly concerned, both subjectively and objectively, about their adolescents' body height/weight growth. Parent-adolescent interactions about this issue and the potential socio-psychological consequences of such interactions should be considered as an important influencing factor on the future of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health. To achieve a greater understanding of such concerns, it is necessary to further elucidate parents' experiences on this topic, so as to expand the existing literature...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Alexandre Chan, Eileen Poon, Wei Lin Goh, Yanxiang Gan, Chia Jie Tan, Kelvin Yeo, Annabelle Chua, Magdalene Chee, Yi Chye Law, Nagavalli Somasundaram, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Quan Sing Ng, Chee Kian Tham, Chee Keong Toh, Soon Thye Lim, Miriam Tao, Tiffany Tang, Richard Quek, Mohamad Farid
PURPOSE: Since few studies have investigated whether the Distress Thermometer (DT) in Asian adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (between 15 and 39 years), we investigated the appropriateness of the DT as a screening tool for psychological symptom burden in these AYA patients and to evaluate AYA patients' distress across a trajectory of three time points longitudinally over a 6-month period. METHODS: This was a prospective, longitudinal study. Recruited Asian AYA patients were diagnosed with lymphomas, sarcomas, primary brain malignancies, or germ cell tumors...
April 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Nathan Markiewitz, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Social ecological and developmental system perspectives suggest that interactions among factors within and across multiple contexts (e.g., neighborhood, peer, family) must be considered in explaining dating violence perpetration. Yet, to date, most extant research on dating violence has focused on individual, rather than contextual predictors, and used variable-centered approaches that fail to capture the configurations of factors that may jointly explain involvement in dating violence. The current study used a person-centered approach, latent profile analysis, to identify key configurations (or profiles) of contextual risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration across the neighborhood, school, friend and family contexts...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Rebekah L Thomas, Adrian B Kelly, Gary C K Chan, Leanne M Hides, Catherine A Quinn, David J Kavanagh, Joanne W Williams
OBJECTIVE: To assess gender differences in the relationship between eating and weight loss attitudes (EWAs), and 30-day tobacco and alcohol use among adolescents, while controlling for potential confounds (age, country of birth, psychological distress, pubertal development, peer alcohol and tobacco use, and sexual activity). METHODS: School students aged between 11 and 17 years (N = 10,273) from high schools in the State of Victoria (Australia) completed surveys in class under conditions of anonymity and confidentiality...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Emilse Degoy, Silvina Berra
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) according to academic performance (AP) in children who attend public schools in the city of Cordoba, Argentina. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in a sample of 494 children aged 9-12 years (mean = 9.5; standard deviation [SD] = 0.65; IQR 1) who attended 4th grade of public schools in the city of Córdoba, Argentina in 2014. HRQoL was assessed by self-administration of the KIDSCREEN-52 child version in classroom...
April 3, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Daniel R Hale, Russell M Viner
BACKGROUND: Education is recognised as a strong determinant of health. Yet there is increasing concern that health in adolescence may also influence educational attainments and future life chances. We examined associations between health in early adolescence and subsequent academic and employment outcomes, exploring potential mediators of these relationships to inform intervention strategies. METHODS: We used data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Tiina Ikävalko, Soili Lehto, Niina Lintu, Juuso Väistö, Aino-Maija Eloranta, Eero A Haapala, Anu Vierola, Riitta Myllykangas, Henri Tuomilehto, Soren Brage, Riitta Pahkala, Matti Närhi, Timo A Lakka
AIM: Due to limited knowledge on the differences in the correlates of psychological well-being (PSWB) between girls and boys, we compared the correlates of PSWB between primary school girls and boys. METHODS: A population sample of 412 children participated in the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children study. Parents completed a questionnaire that included 19 questions on the components of PSWB, and a PSWB score was computed. We assessed correlates of PSWB, including physical activity, sedentary behaviour, cardiorespiratory fitness, diet quality, body fat content, sleep duration, sleep disordered breathing, prevalent diseases and parental characteristics...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
M Srividya, S Mohanavalli, N Bhalaji
Mental health is an indicator of emotional, psychological and social well-being of an individual. It determines how an individual thinks, feels and handle situations. Positive mental health helps one to work productively and realize their full potential. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Many factors contribute to mental health problems which lead to mental illness like stress, social anxiety, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, drug addiction, and personality disorders...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
J Rogoll, M Petzold, A Ströhle
Selective mutism was first described in the medical literature 140 years ago. The diagnosis came into the focus of adult psychiatry with the appearance of DSM-5. Henceforth, selective mutism during infancy, adolescence and also adulthood is specified as an independent anxiety disorder. It often begins in early childhood with a kind of speechlessness in certain situations. A diagnostic clarification often only takes place after school enrolment. Very often comorbid anxiety disorders, especially social phobia and depression also occur...
March 29, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
Koumé Mathias N Dri, Issifou Yaya, Robertine Zigoli, François Endemel Ayabakan, Stéphane Yves Ipou, Botty Lambert Moke
INTRODUCTION: A child's multiple disabilities have a major impact on families in both developed and developing countries. In Côte d'Ivoire, very few data are available concerning the real experiences of families of children with multiple disabilities. The objective of this study was to improve our knowledge of the impact of children with multiple disabilities on families in Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted among the families consulting the Child Guidance Centre of the National Institute of Public Health in Abidjan...
January 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Jin Yong Jun
North Korean refugees experience adaptation difficulties, along with a wide range of psychological problems. Accordingly, this study examined the associations between early traumatic experiences, negative automatic thoughts, and depression among young North Korean refugees living in South Korea. Specifically, we examined how different factors of negative automatic thoughts would mediate the relationship between early trauma and depressive symptoms. A total of 109 North Korean refugees aged 13-29 years were recruited from two alternative schools...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
D Barthel, U Ravens-Sieberer, S Nolte, U Thyen, M Klein, O Walter, A-K Meyrose, M Rose, C Otto
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at identifying predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in chronically ill children and adolescents over time. The newly developed computer-adaptive test Kids-CAT was used to assess five dimensions of HRQoL. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes and juvenile arthritis (n = 248; aged 7-17 years) were assessed at three measurement points over six months...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Ashmeet Kaur Oberoi, Edison J Trickett
Islamic norms and Islamophobia present unique challenges for Muslim adolescents in Western countries. For Muslim students, even "secular" public schools are not a religion-free space because their religious beliefs and values are central in their manner of living. To inquire more about these issues, an exploratory sequential design mixed-method study was conducted that included focus groups and a survey addressing the public school experiences of Muslim adolescents in a Midwestern state in the United States and how those experiences are related to their academic achievement, educational aspirations, and psychological adjustment...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Nan Kang, Jianing You, Jiyi Huang, Yaxuan Ren, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu
Suicide is a major public health concern, especially in adolescence. Identifying risk factors for suicide is important to effectively prevent such behavior. Depression is one of the most widely examined risk factors for suicidal risk. How depression and suicidal risk are related, however, is still not clear. This study tested a model with three key constructs of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS)-perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)-as mediators in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk among Chinese adolescents...
March 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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