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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231484/exploratory-investigation-of-theoretical-predictors-of-nomophobia-using-the-mobile-phone-involvement-questionnaire-mpiq
#1
Lidia Argumosa-Villar, Joan Boada-Grau, Andreu Vigil-Colet
Despite the advantages that the development of new technologies has brought to our lives, it is also true that the problematic use of technology can have negative effects on some people, as the prevalence of nomophobia, defined as the fear and anxiety of being unreachable via one's mobile phone. While some authors are beginning to study the relationship of nomophobia with variables such as age, no investigation has yet been carried out into psychological variables. Our study contributes to the literature by looking at personality, self-esteem, gender and age as predictors of nomophobia, evaluated by the Mobile Phone Involvement Questionnaire (MPIQ)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229539/appetite-self-regulation-environmental-and-policy-influences-on-eating-behaviors
#2
Marlene B Schwartz, David R Just, Jamie F Chriqui, Alice S Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: Appetite regulation is influenced by the environment, and the environment is shaped by food-related policies. This review summarizes the environment and policy research portion of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated." METHODS: In this paper, we begin by making the case for why policy is an important tool in efforts to improve nutrition, and we introduce an ecological framework that illustrates the multiple layers that influence what people eat...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229349/joint-attention-and-the-social-phenotype-of-school-aged-children-with-asd
#3
Peter Mundy, Stephanie Novotny, Lindsey Swain-Lerro, Nancy McIntyre, Matt Zajic, Tasha Oswald
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two children with ASD and 34 controls were assessed with the Childhood Joint Attention Rating Scale (C-JARS). The C-JARS exhibited internally consistency, α = 0.88, and one factor explained 49% of the scale variance...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229246/psychological-well-being-as-a-predictor-of-casual-sex-relationships-and-experiences-among-adolescents-a-short-term-prospective-study
#4
Sophie Dubé, Francine Lavoie, Martin Blais, Martine Hébert
Psychological characteristics may predispose youths to engage in casual sex relationships and experiences (CSREs). Using a prospective longitudinal design and in a subsample of 2601 high school students in the province of Québec, we explored possible shifts in engaging in one-night stands (ONSs) and friends with benefits (FWB) relationships over a 6-month period among sexually active adolescents. We also examined the relationships among well-being predictors (psychological distress, self-esteem, suicidal ideation, and alcohol and drug consumption) and these shifts while exploring possible gender differences...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#5
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222910/agents-of-the-father-s-law-in-a-society-of-brothers-a-philosophic-and-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-legitimate-use-of-violence
#6
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper explores subjective processes of "Agents of Law" - individuals who the state grants the authority to use violence - and the dissonance stemming from the contradictory demands posed on them as legitimate users of violence despite the societal taboo against violence. A conceptual model will be offered based on two theoretical legs, Lacanian psychoanalysis and political theories of legitimacy. Specifically, psychoanalytic ideas would serve to examine unconscious processes, subject position and various identifications related to the question of "self-legitimacy" of Agents of Law...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221078/edward-shapiro-1951-2016
#7
Patricia Manz, George DuPaul
Presents an obituary for Edward Shapiro who passed away on March 23, 2016. Ed was a highly accomplished researcher and trainer who was a strong advocate for rigorous scholarship and quality psychological practice. His death was a great loss to the field of school psychology and to everyone who serves children with educational and behavioral disabilities. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221076/lorraine-williams-greene-1950-2016
#8
Guy Seymour, Adrienne Bradford
Presents an obituary for Lorraine Williams Greene who died on February 25, 2016. Lorraine started her professional career as a school psychologist for the Atlanta Public Schools. For the rest of her life, she was involved in her community through her church, her sorority, the Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and other national and local service organizations. Within the American Psychological Association (APA), Lorraine was active in Division 18, Psychologists in Public Service, first as Chair of the Police and Public Safety Section, then as the division's representative to APA Council, and, in 2016, as President-elect of the Division...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221068/why-wasn-t-prevention-included-comment-on-the-special-issue-on-undergraduate-education-in-psychology-2016
#9
Elaine Clanton Harpine
In the February/March 2016 special issue, articles by Gurung et al. (2016) and Norcross et al. (2016) called for change in undergraduate education; however, the special issue failed to include prevention. This comment shows that undergraduate education should include a specialization in prevention, focusing on prevention groups. This could offer a new 4-year career path in psychology, expanding psychology student job opportunities. Prevention groups include health prevention, school-based prevention, violence and anger prevention, and bullying prevention...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#10
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219403/the-kiva-antibullying-program-in-primary-schools-in-chile-with-and-without-the-digital-game-component-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jorge Gaete, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian Rojas-Barahona, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya, Christina Salmivalli
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a major problem worldwide and Chile is no exception. Bullying is defined as a systematic aggressive behavior against a victim who cannot defend him or herself. Victims suffer social isolation and psychological maladjustment, while bullies have a higher risk for conduct problems and substance use disorders. These problems appear to last over time. The KiVa antibullying program has been evaluated in Finland and other European countries, showing preventive effects on victimization and self-reported bullying...
February 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217648/psychological-and-familial-factors-of-depression-in-relation-to-adolescent-smoking-behavior
#12
Hamidreza Roohafza, Razieh Omidi, Tahereh Alinia, Kamal Heidari, Marziyeh Farshad, Hossein Davari, Zahra Abtin, Ezat Shahriari, Mahshid Taslimi, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Several common factors have been identified for smoking and depression. The The present study explores the relation of psychological and familial factors with depression, by student smoking behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5500 middle- and high-school students were selected in Isfahan province in 2010. A self-administered questionnaire collected data on background characteristics, smoking status, depression, and risk factors. Univariate analysis multiple logistic regressions were conducted to compare between depressed and nondepressed people by adolescent smoking status...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214661/contingent-self-worth-moderates-the-relationship-between-school-stressors-and-psychological-stress-responses
#13
Kenichiro Ishizu
This study examined the moderating role of contingent self-worth on the relationships between school stressors and psychological stress responses among Japanese adolescents. A total of 371 Japanese junior high school students (184 boys and 187 girls, Mage = 12.79 years, SD = 0.71) completed the Japanese version of the Self-Worth Contingency Questionnaire and a mental health checklist at two points separated by a two-month interval. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were then used to determine whether contingent self-worth moderated the relationship between school stressors and psychological stress responses...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209560/from-the-experience-of-interactivity-and-entertainment-to-lower-intention-to-smoke-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-path-analysis-of-a-web-based-smoking-prevention-program-for-adolescents
#16
Georges Elias Khalil, Hua Wang, Karen Sue Calabro, Natasha Mitra, Ross Shegog, Alexander V Prokhorov
BACKGROUND: Web-based programs for smoking prevention are being increasingly used with some success among adolescents. However, little is known about the mechanisms that link the experience of such programs to intended nicotine or tobacco control outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Based on the experiential learning theory and extended elaboration likelihood model, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of a Web-based intervention, A Smoking Prevention Interactive Experience (ASPIRE), on adolescents' intention to smoke, while considering the experience of interactivity and entertainment as predictors of reduced intention to smoke, under a transitional user experience model...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209104/impact-of-gluten-free-diet-on-quality-of-life-in-celiac-patients
#17
R Borghini, M Di Tola, E Salvi, C Isonne, M Puzzono, M Marino, G Donato, A Picarelli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Celiac disease (CD) is a common gluten-related disorder, whose only treatment is a gluten-free diet (GFD). Since a unique view on psychological consequences of a GFD still lacks, our aim was to assess the quality of life (QoL) and the depression state in symptomatic CD patients after GFD. Socio-demographic features were considered. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 210 adult CD patients were recruited and divided into 3 groups : 70 newly diagnosed patients (​Group A​),70 patients who have been on GFD for 6-12 months (​Group B​), and 70 patients who have been on GFD for more than 12 months (​Group C​)...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#18
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208904/a-cross-sectional-study-of-quality-of-life-among-subjects-with-epilepsy-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#19
M Anu, K Suresh, P L Basavanna
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a chronic disorder associated with profound physical and psychological consequences leading to impaired quality of life (QoL). Evaluation of the QoL among epileptics would throw light on various factors that impair or affect the QoL in such a population. AIM: To study the QoL among epileptic patients attending outpatient departments of a tertiary care hospital and to identify various factors that affect the QoL in such a population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study, including patients with epilepsy, who were on antiepileptic drugs, on follow-up for minimum one year, aged more than 18years, both sexes and who were seizure free in the previous 24hours...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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