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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245091/specificity-in-mediated-pathways-by-anxiety-symptoms-linking-adolescent-stress-profiles-to-depressive-symptoms-results-of-a-moderated-mediation-approach
#1
Frederick Anyan, Boris Bizumic, Odin Hjemdal
BACKGROUND: We investigated the specificity in mediated pathways that separately link specific stress dimensions through anxiety to depressive symptoms and the protective utility of resilience. Thus, this study goes beyond lumping together potential mediating and moderating processes that can explain the relations between stress and (symptoms of) psychopathology and the buffering effect of resilience. METHODS: Ghanaian adolescents between 13 and 17 years (female = 285; male = 244) completed the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ), Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Short Mood Feeling Questionnaire (SMFQ) and the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242754/the-relationship-between-family-parent-and-child-characteristics-and-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-among-ukrainian-mothers
#2
Viktor Burlaka, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Olena Savchuk, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Objective: To assess the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a sample of Ukrainian mothers of schoolchildren, and to examine the relationship between IPV and family, parent, and child characteristics utilizing multilevel models. Method: Mothers of children aged 9-16 (n = 278, 93.5% Ukrainians) answered the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) assessing IPV. We also examined the relationship between IPV and maternal age, education, employment and marital status, family income, and rural or urban residence...
July 2017: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238887/cyber-victimization-and-internalizing-difficulties-the-mediating-roles-of-coping-self-efficacy-and-emotion-dysregulation
#3
Nora Trompeter, Kay Bussey, Sally Fitzpatrick
Cyber victimization has consistently been associated with internalizing difficulties in adolescents. However, the underlying psychological mechanisms linking this relationship have not been adequately examined. The present study aimed to investigate the mediational roles of coping self-efficacy and emotion dysregulation in the relationships between cyber victimization with depression and social anxiety. Participants were 459 students (199 girls) from independent middle-class schools in grades 8 (M age  = 13 years 9 months) and 10 (M age  = 15 years 7 months)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237560/beyond-the-trigger-the-mental-health-consequences-of-in-home-firearm-access-among-children-of-gun-owners
#4
Jinho Kim
RATIONALE: The high prevalence of household firearms in the U.S. has ignited a growing body of research seeking to understand its health consequences. While a large number of studies examine the impact of firearm availability on health risks of gun owners in the household, relatively little attention is given to whether and how in-home firearm access may shape psychological outcomes among children of gun owners. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether and how in-home firearm access is associated with adolescents' depressive symptoms...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237303/indigenous-m%C3%A4-ori-sexual-health-psychologies-in-new-zealand-delivering-culturally-congruent-sexuality-education
#5
Jade Le Grice, Virginia Braun
Indigenous (Māori) psychologies of sexual health occur at the cultural nexus of Indigenous and Western knowledge, colonising influence and intervention. Formal school-based sexuality education holds potential to intervene in this psychological space by decolonising notions of Māori sexuality, relationships and reproduction. This research utilises an Indigenous feminist (Mana Wāhine) methodology and interviews with 43 Māori participants (26 women and 17 men). We explore how Māori knowledges (mātauranga Māori), responsive to the surrounding colonising context, were interwoven through four themes: relationships, reproductive responsibility, open conversations about sexuality and contraceptive education...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#6
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231249/analysis-of-the-costs-of-veterinary-education-and-factors-associated-with-financial-stress-among-veterinary-students-in-australia
#7
K P Gregory, S M Matthew, J A Baguley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course-related and other costs involved in obtaining a veterinary education in Australia and how these costs are met. The study also aimed to identify sociodemographic and course-related factors associated with increased financial stress. METHODS: Students from seven Australian veterinary schools were surveyed using an online questionnaire. A total of 443 students participated (response rate 17%). Responses to survey items relating to finances, employment and course-related costs were compared with sociodemographic factors and prior research in the area of student financial stress...
December 12, 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227147/-the-investigation-of-attitudes-toward-health-behaviour-among-high-school-and-university-students
#8
Beáta Erika Nagy, Karolina Eszter Kovács
INTRODUCTION: Health awareness plays an important role in our life, which contains attitudes as well behavioural components. Social factors influencing health awareness were the basis of many previous investigations, measuring the effect of demographical and psychological factors. However, investigation of these factors usually happened with separated questions. AIM: The aim of the present study is to test a new questionnaire, which measures health behaviour and attitudes related to health awareness...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226316/interpersonal-predictors-of-stress-generation-is%C3%A2-there-a-super-factor
#9
Josephine H Shih, Matthew G Barstead, Nicole Dianno
Hammen's (1991, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 555-561) seminal paper on stress generation highlighted the reciprocal relationship between stress and depression. Not only does stress predict depression, but women with a diagnosis of depression also experienced subsequent increased levels of stress. In the ensuing years, depression researchers have moved beyond clinical predictors and examined whether depression vulnerability factors also contribute to stress generation. This interest has led to a growing focus on interpersonal vulnerability factors that contribute to stress generation...
December 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#10
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220204/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-controversy-developmental-mechanisms-and-multiple-levels-of-analysis
#11
Stephen P Hinshaw
Controversy abounds regarding the symptom dimensions of attention problems, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, developmentally extreme and impairing levels of which compose the diagnostic category of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). I highlight causal factors, underlying mechanisms, developmental manifestations, and female manifestations of ADHD, integrating the psychobiological underpinnings of this syndrome with contextual factors related to its clinical presentation, impairments, and soaring increases in diagnosed prevalence...
December 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217876/nocturnal-enuresis-in-india-are-we-diagnosing-and-managing-correctly
#12
REVIEW
N M Reddy, H Malve, R Nerli, P Venkatesh, I Agarwal, V Rege
Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem affecting school-aged children worldwide. Although it has significant impact on child's psychology, it is always under-recognized in India and considered as a condition which will outgrow with advancing age. Nocturnal enuresis classified as primary or secondary and monosymptomatic or nonmonosymptomatic. Factors that cause enuresis include genetic factors, bladder dysfunction, psychological factors, and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, leading to nocturnal polyuria...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#13
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216870/prevalence-and-severity-of-menopause-symptoms-among-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-aged-30-49%C3%A2-years-in-gulele-sub-city-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#14
Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly, Berhanu Dessalegn
BACKGROUND: Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstruation. Due to a growing aging population and longer life expectancies, sub-Saharan African women will spend a significant portion of their lives in postmenopause. Menopausal symptom research has been primarily conducted on Caucasian women from high-income countries. Understanding menopause symptom prevalence and perceptions among diverse women in Ethiopia will better inform reproductive health care...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214940/-school-attendance-of-children-with-mental-health-problems
#15
Michael Kölch, Daria Nolkemper
School Attendance of Children with Mental Health Problems School can support a child's resilience as well as be a risk to the child's mental health. However school is an indicator of social participation, an aspect that flourished especially in the debate about inclusion. In this paper assistance opportunities are being discussed that are established to support children with a psychological disease in school. Three of the different concepts of funding priorities for special educational needs in the German system will be presented: "Förderschwerpunkt emotionale und soziale Entwicklung" (special needs in emotional and social development), "besonderer Förderbedarf "(special needs) and "Schulbegleitung" (school assistants)...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209411/dietary-behaviour-psychological-well-being-and-mental-distress-among-adolescents-in-korea
#16
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer
Background: Dietary intake is important for physical and mental health. The aim of this investigation was to assess associations between dietary behaviours and psychological well-being and distress among school-going adolescents in Korea. Methods: In a cross-sectional nationally representative survey, 65,212 students (Mean age = 15.1 years, SE = 0.02 and 52.2% male and 47.8% female) responded to a questionnaire that included measures of dietary behaviour, psychological well-being and mental distress...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209398/risk-factors-associated-with-the-fear-of-falling-in-community-living-elderly-people-in-korea-role-of-psychological-factors
#17
Jong-Il Park, Jong-Chul Yang, Sangkeun Chung
Little is known about the risk factors for the fear of falling in elderly Korean individuals. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the risk factors for fear of falling in a representative elderly population of over 10,000 individuals aged 65 years and older. A multivariate multinomial analysis revealed that the risk factors associated with a severe fear of falling were being female [odds ratio (OR)=4.396], older age (OR=5.550 for those aged ≥85 years), lower level of education (OR=0.719 for those with ≥13 years of schooling), chronic illness (OR=2...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206260/faculty-and-student-incivility-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-an-integrative-review
#18
Latoya Rawlins
BACKGROUND: Incivility is a critical issue in undergraduate nursing education. Uncivil acts in academia are increasing and have the potential to affect future nursing practice and patient safety outcomes. METHOD: An integrative literature review was completed to describe faculty-to-student and student-to-faculty incivility in undergraduate nursing education. RESULTS: Seventeen studies were included in the review. Four themes emerged from the data: (a) Detrimental to Health and Well-Being, (b) Disruption to the Teaching-Learning Environment, (c) Stress as a Catalyst, and (d) Incivility Incites Incivility...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202169/psychological-impact-of-cognitive-rest-following-sport-related-concussion-on-low-socioeconomic-status-adolescent-patients
#19
Tamerah N Hunt, Laura L Harris
PURPOSE: Describe the psychological impact of cognitive rest in adolescents recovering from concussion from sport-related concussion. METHODS: Eight male football players with a previous sport concussion and full recovery completed semi-structured interviews during focus group sessions. Using content analysis, the researchers independently analyzed notes and transcriptions to identify themes associated with the psychological impact of cognitive rest. RESULTS: Common themes included: 1) sport as social support, and 2) boredom-complicated recovery following cognitive rest...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200617/the-relationship-between-bruxism-sleep-quality-and-headaches-in-schoolchildren
#20
Carolina Carvalho Bortoletto, Mônica da Consolação Canuto Salgueiro, Renata Valio, Yara Dadalti Fragoso, Pamella de Barros Motta, Lara Jansiski Motta, Fernanda Yukie Kobayashi, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Alessandro Deana, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
[Purpose] Present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sleep bruxism and headache in school children. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with 103 children aged 3-6 years. The exclusion criteria were early tooth loss, dental appliance was used, physical or psychological limitations, chronic disease and continuous medication. Sleep bruxism was diagnosed based on an indication by parents of the occurrence of teeth clenching/grinding and incisor/occlusal tooth wear, following the criteria of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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