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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431192/a-personal-connection-promoting-positive-attitudes-towards-teaching-and-learning
#1
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Students' attitudes towards teaching and learning must be addressed with the same seriousness and effort as we address content. Establishing a personal connection and addressing our students' basic psychological needs will produce positive attitudes towards teaching and learning and develop life-long learners. It will also promote constructive student-teacher relationships that have a profound influence on our students' approach towards school. To begin this process, consider the major tenets of the Self-Determination Theory...
April 21, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428676/behavioral-problems-and-emotional-difficulties-at-children-and-early-adolescents-of-the-veterans-of-war-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Zihnet Selimbasic, Osman Sinanovic, Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Jasmin Hamidovic
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children of the veterans of war with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have not been researched entirely. In our country, which has a lot of persons suffering from some psychological traumas, this trauma seems to continue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the exposure, manifestations of behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children and early adolescents, whose fathers were the veterans of war demonstrating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#4
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421117/chronic-pain-in-children-a-look-at-the-referral-process-to-a-pediatric-pain-clinic
#5
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420876/examining-gray-matter-structure-associated-with-academic-performance-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-high-school-students
#6
Song Wang, Ming Zhou, Taolin Chen, Xun Yang, Guangxiang Chen, Meiyun Wang, Qiyong Gong
Achievement in school is crucial for students to be able to pursue successful careers and lead happy lives in the future. Although many psychological attributes have been found to be associated with academic performance, the neural substrates of academic performance remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated the relationship between brain structure and academic performance in a large sample of high school students via structural magnetic resonance imaging (S-MRI) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) approach...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#7
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418089/facts-and-values-in-psychotherapy-a-critique-of-the-empirical-reduction-of-psychotherapy-within-evidence-based-practice
#8
Henrik Berg, Rasmus Slaattelid
This paper addresses an implicit presupposition in research-supported psychological treatments and evidence-based practice in psychology. It argues that the notion of research-supported psychological treatments is based on a reductive conceptualisation of psychotherapy. Research-supported psychological treatments hinge upon an empirical reduction where psychotherapy schools become conceptualized as mere collections of empirical propositions. However, this paper argues that the different psychotherapy schools have distinct ethoses that are constituted by normative claims...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416243/psychological-interventions-for-children-with-functional-somatic-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Irma J Bonvanie, Karen H Kallesøe, Karin A M Janssens, Andreas Schröder, Judith G M Rosmalen, Charlotte U Rask
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of psychological treatments on symptom load and associated disability in children with functional somatic symptoms, and to explore potential moderators of effects. STUDY DESIGN: Cochrane, PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched for randomized controlled trials published in peer-reviewed journals. Randomized controlled trials studying the effect of a psychological treatment on symptom load and disability in children with functional somatic symptoms were selected...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409260/the-impact-of-teen-court-on-rural-adolescents-improved-social-relationships-psychological-functioning-and-school-experiences
#10
Paul R Smokowski, Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, James Barbee, Katie L Cotter, Meredith Bower
Teen Court is a prevention program aimed at diverting first time juvenile offenders from the traditional juvenile justice system and reintegrating them into the community. Few studies have examined if Teen Court impacts adolescent functioning. We examined how Teen Court participation impacted psychosocial functioning, social relationships, and school experiences in a sample of 392 rural Teen Court participants relative to two comparison samples, one from the same county as Teen Court (n = 4276) and one from a neighboring county (n = 3584)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406857/spectacle-compliance-among-adolescents-a-qualitative-study-from-southern-india
#11
Anuradha Narayanan, Shuba Kumar, Krishna Kumar Ramani
PURPOSE: To understand the perceptions of adolescents and their parents about spectacle compliance of adolescents in Southern India. METHODS: Using a qualitative snapshot design, three focus group discussions were conducted each with parents and adolescents studying in schools located in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Purposive sampling technique was used in the selection of participants. Separate focus group guides were developed for parents and adolescents. All focus group discussions were conducted in the school premises and audio recorded...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405894/addressing-the-needs-of-children-with-disabilities-experiencing-disaster-or-terrorism
#12
REVIEW
Laura M Stough, Elizabeth McAdams Ducy, Donghyun Kang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews the empirical literature on psychosocial factors relating to children with disabilities in the context of disaster or terrorism. RECENT FINDINGS: Research indicates adults with disabilities experience increased exposure to hazards due to existing social disparities and barriers associated with disability status. However, studies on the psychological effects of disaster/terrorism on children with pre-existing disabilities are exceedingly few and empirical evidence of the effectiveness of trauma-focused therapies for this population is limited...
April 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403680/examining-the-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-school-performance-in-public-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#13
Dana Altamimi, Maha Almuneef, Fadia Albuhairan, Hassan Saleheen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between child maltreatment (CM) and school performance among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2014. The enrolment criteria included both male and female Saudi students ( n=674; 52.7% male) aged 12-19 years ( Mage=15.6±1.6 years), attending intermediate and secondary schools belonging to the Ministry of National Guard. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather information on different forms of abuse that had occurred in the past or were currently occurring...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402494/school-self-concept-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#14
Deirdre E Logan, Laura S Gray, Christina N Iversen, Susan Kim
This study investigated school self-efficacy and sense of school membership (collectively "school self-concept") as potential influences on impaired school function among adolescents with chronic pain, including comparison of adolescents with primary pain to those with disease-based pain and pain-free peers.  In all, 264 adolescents (12-17 years old) with primary pain conditions, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, or no pain completed measures of functional disability, school functioning, pain characteristics, and school self-concept, the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for School Situations (SEQ-SS), and Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402224/temperament-and-social-emotional-difficulties-the-dark-side-of-learning-disabilities
#15
Ilaria Buonomo, Caterina Fiorilli, Maria Angela Geraci, Alessandro Pepe
The authors compared the relations between general psychological difficulties and dimensions of temperament in children with and without learning disability (LD). The main aim was to analyze whether and to what extent children's temperament dimensions contribute to their general psychological difficulties when LD diagnosis, age, and gender are taken into account. Participants were 52 elementary school children 7-11 years old (M age = 8.61 years, SD = 1.21 years). Twenty-six of them had been diagnosed with LD...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401825/the-need-for-holistic-management-of-behavioral-disturbances-in-dementia
#16
Stephen Macfarlane, Colm Cunningham
Dementia is now the leading cause of admission to residential aged care facilities (RACF) in the developed world (Van Rensbergen and Nawrot, 2010), with prevalence rates among residents estimated to be approximately 70% (Zimmerman et al., 2014). In addition, dementia is now the 4th leading cause of death in high-income countries with this expected to rise to the 3rd leading cause of death by 2030 (World health Organization, 2015). Despite the prevalence of the condition, the amount of teaching time devoted to dementia in medical school curricula remains low and does not adequately prepare graduates for their work as doctors (Tullo and Allan, 2011; Tullo and Gordon, 2013)...
April 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386649/factors-associated-with-different-smoking-status-in-european-adolescents-results-of-the-seyle-study
#17
Raphaela Banzer, C Haring, A Buchheim, S Oehler, V Carli, C Wasserman, M Kaess, A Apter, J Balazs, J Bobes, R Brunner, P Corcoran, D Cosman, C W Hoven, J P Kahn, H S Keeley, V Postuvan, T Podlogar, M Sisask, A Värnik, M Sarchiapone, D Wasserman
Early onset and long-term smoking are associated with physical and psychological health problems. The aim of the presented analysis was to investigate risk and influencing factors for different smoking status in a big sample of European adolescents. In the context of the "saving and empowering young lives in Europe" (SEYLE) study we surveyed 12,328 adolescents at the age of 13-17 from 11 countries. The survey took place in a school-based context using a questionnaire. Overall 58% reported the onset of ever-smoking under the age of 14 and 30...
April 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385151/psychosocial-impact-of-scars-due-to-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-on-high-school-students-in-errachidia-province-morocco
#18
Issam Bennis, Séverine Thys, Hind Filali, Vincent De Brouwere, Hamid Sahibi, Marleen Boelaert
BACKGROUND: In Morocco, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is usually known to be a slowly healing localized skin disease, but in some cases, it can lead to mutilating scars. The outbreak of CL due to Leishmania major in the Errachidia province in southeastern Morocco between 2008 and 2010 left many adolescents with permanent scar tissue on the face or other exposed body parts. We studied the psychosocial impact of CL on these young people. METHODS: In 2015 we conducted a cross-sectional survey among high-school students living in boarding schools in two CL-endemic areas of Errachidia: Rissani and Tinejdad...
April 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383620/-integrated-project-of-personalisation-school-curricula-and-training
#19
A Zanon, R Tomassoni, N Santangelo, M Gargano, E Treglia, M G Granai, A Incagnoli
OBJECTIVES: To strengthen the motivation to study, promote awareness of their attitudes and actions of orientation / re-orientation to the profession, making the learning experience more stimulating and training in order to staunch the sharp drop-out affecting the school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The project, coordinated by psychologists, involved the administration of AMOS Test as a tool to detect the variables of interest (self-image, ambitions and motivations, concerns for the future, soft skills etc...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376910/the-preschool-activity-technology-health-adiposity-behaviour-and-cognition-path-abc-cohort-study-rationale-and-design
#20
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A Kelly, Douglas J Angus, Ian M Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3-5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the developmental period for which we know the least about the effects of physical activity on development and health. Likewise, rapid technological advancements in mobile electronic media have made screen-based forms of entertainment for young children ubiquitous, and research demonstrating the impacts on cognition, psychosocial well-being, and health has lagged behind the rate of adoption of these technologies...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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