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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909602/traumatic-stress-among-school-aged-pediatric-surgery-patients-and-their-parents
#1
Amichai Ben Ari, Daniella Margalit, Raphael Udassin, Fortu Benarroch
INTRODUCTION:  Since hospitalization can be a traumatic event for children, many of them may suffer from a cluster of chronic psychological and emotional difficulties called Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress (PMTS). Although PMTS causes considerable functional impairment and psychological distress and may decrease the children's compliance with post-surgical care, awareness of this condition is low and thus not enough effort is made to prevent it. The objective of this study is to assess prospectively the prevalence and characteristics of PMTS in school-age children following hospitalization in a general pediatric surgery ward and in their parents, which has not been documented before...
June 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909497/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-children-with-asd-s-individual-education-plans-compared-to-subsequent-independent-psychological-evaluations
#2
Nicholas W Gelbar, Mary Beth Bruder, Emily DeBiase, John D Molteni
The heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) makes it difficult for school-based professionals to develop effective Individual Education Plans (IEP) for this group. Limited research exists on the quality of IEP programs for individuals with ASD. This article summarizes the results of a retrospective chart review from an outpatient diagnostic center. Researchers collected data from IEPs and subsequent psychological evaluations of 75 individuals diagnosed with ASD. The implications of these results for future research and practice are discussed...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907087/factors-associated-with-missed-assessments-in-a-2-year-longitudinal-study-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-survivors
#3
Sara E Heins, Amy W Wozniak, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Kristin A Sepulveda, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Dale M Needham, Victor D Dinglas
BACKGROUND: To evaluate participant-related variables associated with missing assessment(s) at follow-up visits during a longitudinal research study. METHODS: This is a prospective, longitudinal, multi-site study of 196 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors. More than 30 relevant sociodemographic, physical status, and mental health variables (representing participant characteristics prior to ARDS, at hospital discharge, and at the immediately preceding follow-up visit) were evaluated for association with missed assessments at 3, 6, 12, and 24-month follow-up visits (89-95% retention rates), using binomial logistic regression...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906692/rejection-sensitivity-and-psychopathology-symptoms-in-early-adolescence-the-moderating-role-of-personality-organization
#4
Andrea Fontana, Chiara De Panfilis, Erica Casini, Emanuele Preti, Juliette Richetin, Massimo Ammaniti
INTRODUCTION: Emerging personality organization may play an important role in the psychological adjustment of early adolescents, but research in this area is still limited. The current study evaluated if personality organization moderates the association between rejection sensitivity and adverse psychological outcomes in early adolescence. METHODS: Three-hundred eighty-six early adolescents (age range 13-15 years; 51% Female) attending junior high schools in Italy completed the semi-structured Interview of Personality Organization Processes in Adolescence (IPOP-A), the Children's Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (CRSQ), and the Youth Self Report/11-18 (YSR)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904557/key-concepts-in-developmental-psychology-and-science-pedagogy-help-undergraduates-in-high-school-science-outreach
#5
Verónica A Segarra, Mariann Tillery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903203/-between-psychological-well-being-and-negative-academic-emotions-in-left-behind-middle-school-student-in-anhui-province-in-2016-the-moderating-role-of-cognitive-reappraisal
#6
Daoyang Wang, Li Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of cognitive reappraisal in the relationship between left-behind middle school student's negative academic emotions and psychological well-being. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 434 left-behind middle school student aged 11-18 years old from January to February in 2016. In thisstudy, psychological well-being questionnaire, negative academic emotion questionnaire, emotion regulation questionnaire and background information questionnaire were used in team test...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902278/understanding-levels-of-best-practice-an-empirical-validation
#7
Huy P Phan, Bing H Ngu, Hui-Wen Wang, Jen-Hwa Shih, Sheng-Ying Shi, Ruey-Yih Lin
Recent research has explored the nature of the theoretical concept of optimal best practice, which emphasizes the importance of personal resolve, inner strength, and the maximization of a person's development, whether it is mental, cognitive, social, or physical. In the context of academia, the study of optimal functioning places emphasis on a student's effort expenditure, positive outlook, and determination to strive for educational success and enriched subjective well-being. One major inquiry closely associated with optimal functioning is the process of optimization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902054/-is-daytime-napping-associated-with-inflammation-in-adolescents-correction-to-jakubowski-et-al-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Is daytime napping associated with inflammation in adolescents" by Karen P. Jakubowski, Martica H. Hall, Anna L. Marsland and Karen A. Matthews ( Health Psychology , 2016[Dec], Vol 35[12], 1298-1306). This erratum reports an error in Table 1. The unit of measurement for IL-6 should be pg/mL instead of mg/L. This error did not impact the results or the interpretation of the findings. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-27321-001.) Objective: Daytime napping has been associated with poor health outcomes in adults...
July 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902039/the-value-of-medical-students-in-support-of-asylum-seekers-in-the-united-states
#9
(no author information available yet)
The global refugee/migrant crisis of displacement because of persecution and conflict carries staggering implications of ambiguity and loss for the individuals affected. In 2013, approximately 25,000 displaced people sought asylum in the United States; many of whom have experienced state-sponsored physical and psychological torture. With Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), several medical student clinics work closely with immigration attorneys and University and Community based clinicians to assist U.S. asylum seekers in their asylum claims...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897033/brazilian-version-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-bas-for-young-adolescents
#10
Gabriela Salim Xavier Moreira, Luciana Lorenzato, Carmem Beatriz Neufeld, Sebastião Sousa Almeida
The present study developed a Brazilian adaptation of the BAS for young adolescents, testing its factor structure by the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), concurrent and criterion validity, and its internal consistency. Participants were 347 adolescents (171 male and 176 female, aged between 10 and 13 years old). Three psychologists experts in psychological evaluation and three teachers of Portuguese of elementary school also participated for the adaptation stage of the items in order to be properly understood by the sample age group...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896134/behavioral-skills-training-in-portuguese-children-with-school-failure-problems
#11
Edgar Galindo, Adelinda A Candeias, Heldemerina S Pires, Luísa Grácio, Marcus Stück
This paper postulates that psychology can make an important contribution at an individual level to help children with school failure problems in a context where too little applied research has been conducted on the instructional needs of these children. Some data are analyzed, revealing that, despite some progress, school failure is still a main educational problem in many countries. In this study, Behavioral Skills Training (BST) was applied in Portugal to train children with school failure difficulties. BST is a method based on Applied Behavior Analysis, a teaching package consisting of a combination of behavioral techniques: instructions, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895703/determinants-of-progression-of-nicotine-dependence-symptoms-in-adolescent-waterpipe-smokers
#12
Raed Bahelah, Kenneth D Ward, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Joseph R DiFranza, Thomas Eissenberg, Rana Jaber, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking continues to pose significant challenges to tobacco control efforts and many adolescent waterpipe smokers experience symptoms of nicotine dependence (ND). This study examined the predictors of progression of ND symptoms in adolescent waterpipe smokers. METHODS: We assembled a cohort of Lebanese adolescents enrolled in eighth and ninth grades at baseline, and surveyed them every 6 months over the next 24 months. Progression of ND symptoms was defined as an increase over time in the number of items endorsed on the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist...
June 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894300/the-association-between-school-bullying-victimization-and-substance-use-among-adolescents-in-malawi-the-mediating-effect-of-loneliness
#13
Youn Kyoung Kim, Moses Okumu, Eusebius Small, Silviya Pavlova Nikolova, Cecilia Mengo
Background and objectives Research has shown an increased prevalence of substance use among adolescents in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Peer affiliation, bullying, and psychological stress are significantly associated with substance use. This study empirically tested theoretical frameworks linking peer affiliation, bullying victimization, loneliness and substance use (specifically tobacco or alcohol use) among adolescents. Materials and methods Data were obtained from the 2009 Malawi Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) with a representative sample of 2359 students aged 13-17 years in Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890454/marijuana-use-among-adolescent-multiple-tobacco-product-users-and-unique-risks-of-dual-tobacco-and-marijuana-use
#14
Kim Pulvers, Cliff Ridenour, Anna Woodcock, Micah J Savin, Gabriel Holguin, Sharon Hamill, Devan R Romero
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a peak time for uptake of both tobacco and marijuana (dual use). This study aimed to identify clusters of lifetime tobacco and marijuana use patterns and associated risk factors, and to determine whether dual tobacco and marijuana use is uniquely associated with greater risk than use of either tobacco or marijuana alone. METHOD: High school students participated in a survey during Fall 2014 (N = 976; 68% Hispanic; 57% parental education < high school)...
May 31, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889898/admission-testing-for-higher-education-a-multi-cohort-study-on-the-validity-of-high-fidelity-curriculum-sampling-tests
#15
A Susan M Niessen, Rob R Meijer, Jorge N Tendeiro
We investigated the validity of curriculum-sampling tests for admission to higher education in two studies. Curriculum-sampling tests mimic representative parts of an academic program to predict future academic achievement. In the first study, we investigated the predictive validity of a curriculum-sampling test for first year academic achievement across three cohorts of undergraduate psychology applicants and for academic achievement after three years in one cohort. We also studied the relationship between the test scores and enrollment decisions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889549/advancing-strategies-for-agenda-setting-by-health-policy-coalitions-a-network-analysis-of-the-canadian-chronic-disease-prevention-survey
#16
Jennifer Ann McGetrick, Kim D Raine, T Cameron Wild, Candace I J Nykiforuk
Health in all policies can address chronic disease morbidity and mortality by increasing population-level physical activity and healthy eating, and reducing tobacco and alcohol use. Both governmental and nongovernmental policy influencers are instrumental for health policy that modifies political, economic, and social environments. Policy influencers are informed and persuaded by coalitions that support or oppose changing the status quo. Empirical research examining policy influencers' contact with coalitions, as a social psychological exposure with health policy outcomes, can benefit from application of health communication theories...
June 11, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887301/treatment-of-post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-a-continuum-of-immediate-post-immediate-and-follow-up-care-mediated-by-specific-psychotherapeutic-principles-clinical-experience-in-french-speaking-countries
#17
Yann Auxéméry
BACKGROUND: People who witness a horrific event are at risk of suffering from acute psychological disorders, potentially leading to chronic post-traumatic symptoms and severe medico-psycho-social complications. Traumatised individuals suffer from psychological damage that is initially indescribable: they are often unable to ask for care in the immediate aftermath of an event. Afterwards, traumatic events and their post-traumatic consequences are still often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc...
June 7, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886916/clinically-significant-psychological-and-emotional-distress-in-32-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#18
Austin E Sanders, Lindsay M Andras, Stephanie E Iantorno, Anita Hamilton, Paul D Choi, David L Skaggs
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of 92 patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the incidence of clinically significant psychological and emotional distress in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients is higher than the general population and if this correlates with deformity severity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adolescents with scoliosis may exhibit a less positive outlook on life, suffer from lower self-esteem, and have more difficulty connecting with peers; however, there is conflicting evidence whether different stages of treatment prompt different psychological problems and the long-term psychological effect of scoliosis...
July 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886327/is-growth-hormone-deficiency-associated-with-anxiety-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#19
İsmail Akaltun, Atilla Çayır, Tayfun Kara, Hamza Ayaydın
AIM: Children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) are reported to experience failure in psychological maturation, and to have a lack of self-confidence in social life, and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between GHD and anxiety disorders and depression in children and adolescents. METHOD: 122 children and adolescents aged 7-17, 87 receiving GHD therapy and 35 before treatment, and 122 healthy volunteers were included in the study...
June 4, 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881894/relationship-between-cyberbullying-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-children-and-adolescents
#20
J González-Cabrera, A León-Mejía, M Beranuy, M Gutiérrez-Ortega, A Alvarez-Bardón, J M Machimbarrena
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a well-known construct that refers to a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Its relationship with multiple forms of violence, including bullying, has been widely explored, but this is not the case for cyberbullying. The main objective is to analyze how HRQoL varies depending on the role played in cyberbullying, its temporal stability, and gender and age differences. METHOD: An analytical and longitudinal study was conducted at two temporal moments...
June 7, 2018: Quality of Life Research
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