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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818063/variations-in-adolescents-motivational-characteristics-across-gender-and-physical-activity-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#1
Margaret Lawler, Caroline Heary, Elizabeth Nixon
BACKGROUND: Neglecting to take account of the underlying context or type of physical activity (PA) that underpins overall involvement has resulted in a limited understanding of adolescents' PA participation. The purpose of the present research was to identify male and female adolescents' leisure time PA patterns and examine whether psychological processes derived from self-determination theory differ as a function of the pattern of PA undertaken. METHODS: Nine hundred ninety-five students (61...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#2
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816485/risks-resources-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-marshallese-adolescents
#3
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Don Willis
This study examined risks and resources to assess depressive symptom variation among a sample of Marshallese adolescents attending a Northwest Arkansas high school. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 10th-12th-grade students (N = 1,493). With a general response rate in excess of 78%, the subsample (n = 208) represented 75% of all Marshallese students attending the high school and approximately 9% of the total K-12 Marshallese population. Average depressive symptom (CES-D) scores for Marshallese adolescents were 17...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816300/-combination-of-periodontal-orthodontic-and-endodontic-therapy-in-upper-anterior-teeth-with-hopeless-prognosis-and-long-time-follow-up-a-case-report
#4
Y Li, L Xu, Y H Zhou, X Y Ouyang, T Cao
It is complicated to decide the treatment plan of hopeless anterior teeth in esthetic zone due to severe periodontitis, periodontal-endodontic combined lesion or teeth trauma. The optional treatment plan for this kind of teeth includes retention after periodontal treatment, extraction and implant treatment, extraction and prosthodontic treatment and so on. To make an appropriate treatment plan, patients' periodontal conditions, periodontal biotype, local anatomy, esthetic demand, economic condition and social psychological status should be comprehensively considered...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#5
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#6
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812974/the-psychological-effects-of-unemployment-and-unsatisfactory-employment-on-young-adults-findings-from-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#7
Anthony H Winefield, Paul H Delfabbro, Helen R Winefield, David Duong, Catia Malvaso
The purpose of the present study was to extend the external validity of an earlier longitudinal study of school leavers by including participants from a representative sample of secondary schools. Questionnaires were administered annually to a sample of South Australian school leavers over a 10-year period. At Time 1 participants were in the last compulsory year of high school aged around 15 years and at Time 10 they were aged around 25 years. Results confirmed those from an earlier longitudinal study showing that the transition from school to satisfactory employment was associated with significant improvements in psychological well-being, whereas transition from school to unemployment or unsatisfactory employment showed no change in psychological well-being...
July 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810945/teen-dating-violence-predicting-physical-and-sexual-violence-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-heterosexual-adolescent-males
#8
Peter Fawson, Timothy Jones, Bobby Younce
This study investigated the prevalence of female-to-male intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health symptoms among 589 male high school students. Participants completed questionnaires asking if they had experienced dating violence victimization, mental health symptoms, and violent attitudes. Correlations revealed strong positive associations between sexual, physical, and psychological IPV among male victims. Multiple regression found significant predictors of negative mental health consequences were experiencing psychological violence, experiencing physical violence, and having attitudes that accept violence...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809752/association-of-obesity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#9
Silva Hovsepian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Aryan Madady, Morteza Mansourian, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the role of different ethnical, cultural and geographical factors in health related quality of life (HRQOL) as well as the perception of different populations regarding various weight disorders, we aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQOL in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the Weight Disorders Survey of the CASPIAN-IV study. During this study, students aged 6-18 years from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran were selected...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806966/an-exploratory-study-assessing-psychological-distress-of-indigents-in-burkina-faso-a-step-forward-in-understanding-mental-health-needs-in-west-africa
#10
Émilie Pigeon-Gagné, Ghayga Hassan, Maurice Yaogo, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: Poverty is known as an important determinant of health, but empirical data are still missing on the relationships between poverty, other adverse living conditions, and psychological distress, particularly in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess mental health needs and psychological distress among the poorest in rural settings in Burkina Faso where food security and access to water, electricity, schooling, and healthcare are limited. METHODS: We randomly selected 2000 individuals previously identified as indigents by a community-targeting process...
August 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805440/do-rewards-reinforce-the-growth-mindset-joint-effects-of-the-growth-mindset-and-incentive-schemes-in-a-field-intervention
#11
Melody Manchi Chao, Sujata Visaria, Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Rajeev Dehejia
The current study draws on the motivational model of achievement which has been guiding research on the growth mindset intervention (Dweck & Leggett, 1988) and examines how this intervention interacts with incentive systems to differentially influence performance for high- and low-achieving students in Indian schools that serve low-SES communities. Although, as expected, the growth mindset intervention did interact with incentive systems and prior achievement to influence subsequent academic performance, the existing growth mindset framework cannot fully account for the observed effects...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803331/impact-of-monitoring-health-related-quality-of%C3%A2-life-in-clinical-practice-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
PURPOSE: To test whether the systematic monitoring of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinical practice in Spanish pediatric patients with T1DM helps improve their daily life in a multicenter longitudinal study. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients participated, recruited from five centers in Barcelona, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years). Complete data were collected for 119 patients (85%). Pediatricians were randomly assigned to the HRQOL intervention (n = 70), or control group (n = 49)...
August 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802386/otoplasty-for-prominent-ears-demographics-and-surgical-timing-in-different-populations
#13
Lauri Kajosaari, Juhani Pennanen, Tuomas Klockars
INTRODUCTION: Prominent ears are seen in approximately 5% of the population. This benign condition can be treated surgically to reduce or prevent psychological and social problems, most commonly in children before the start of school. Our aim was to examine the demographic characteristics of patients undergoing prominent ear surgery in Finland, and compare findings with international data. METHODS: A retrospective study of all the patients treated for prominent ears in our academic tertiary care referral center during 2007-2011 was performed to gather demographic details of operated patients...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800516/repetitive-vs-occasional-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-school-related-factors-among-israeli-high-school-students
#14
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Tal Reshef Ben Mordechai, Gal Shoval
The current study explored the relationship between non-suicidal self-injuries (NSSI) and students' perceptions of school among adolescents. A sample of 594 high-school students (54.4% male; mean age 14.96) completed validated self-reported measures. Students were divided into three groups: repetitive-NSSI (more than 6 occasions), occasional-NSSI (at least once but less than 6), and no-NSSI. Multi-nominal regression, controlling for gender, age, and depression symptoms, indicated that teachers' psychological support, a sense of school belongingness, and negative perceptions of peer climate were significantly different between repetitive-NSSI and non-NSSI groups...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799413/an-initial-open-trial-of-a-brief-behavioral-activation-treatment-for-depression-and-medication-adherence-in-hiv-infected-patients
#15
Matthew T Tull, Christopher R Berghoff, Joseph R Bardeen, Michelle Schoenleber, Deborah J Konkle-Parker
Advances in HIV treatment through highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have led to a steady decline in HIV-related mortality rates. However, HAART requires adherence to strict and often complicated medication regimens, and nonadherence to HAART can significantly decrease its effectiveness. Depression has consistently shown a robust association with medication nonadherence; consequently, numerous psychological interventions have been developed to target depression and increase medication adherence among HIV-infected individuals...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798713/knowledge-vs-action-discrepancies-in-university-students-knowledge-about-and-self-reported-use-of-self-regulated-learning-strategies
#16
Nora M Foerst, Julia Klug, Gregor Jöstl, Christiane Spiel, Barbara Schober
University students are supposed to be autonomous learners, able to adapt to an educational environment significantly less guided than school. Entering higher education poses a challenge of self-regulation, in which beginning students are often not prepared with self-regulation strategies needed. Since there are many studies assessing self-regulated learning (SRL) via classical self-reports, we know a lot about how students generally self-assess their SRL strategies. However, SRL and performance do not always correlate highly in these studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797002/is-medicine-use-for-nervousness-associated-with-adolescent-at-risk-or-problem-gambling
#17
Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno, Joël Billieux, Giacomo Lazzeri, Patrizia Lemma, Massimo Santinello
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between adolescent at-risk or problem gambling (ARPG) and medicine used to treat nervousness in a large-scale nationally representative sample of Italian adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey was used for cross-sectional analyses (a sample of 20,791 15-year-old students). Self-administered questionnaires were completed by a representative sample of high-school students...
August 11, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796983/the-quality-of-life-among-middle-school-adolescents-in-krakow
#18
Agnieszka Magiera, Agata Sowa, Ryszard Jacek, Agnieszka Pac
AIM: The aim of the study was to describe the quality of life of Polish adolescents living in a big city and to investigate whether there are differences in this respect between girls and boys. Moreover, we would like to compare the results concerning the quality of life of the screened adolescents from Krakow with those of their European peers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey was carried out in 2013-2015 in 17 middle schools in Krakow based on anonymous auditorium questionnaires...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795347/health-related-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-results-from-a-non-interventional-longitudinal-multi-national-study
#19
Diana Rofail, Daniel Froggatt, Rafael de la Torre, Jamie Edgin, Priya Kishnani, Renaud Touraine, Sarah Whitwham, Lisa Squassante, Omar Khwaja, Xavier Liogier D'Ardhuy
INTRODUCTION: To date, there is little research on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Down syndrome (DS), and existing research is variable with regard to reported HRQoL in DS. There are also no HRQoL measures developed specifically to be used with individuals with Down syndrome. METHODS: A multi-national, longitudinal, 24-week non-interventional study was conducted in adolescents and adults with DS. HRQoL was assessed (n = 90) using the parent-report KIDSCREEN-27 questionnaire...
August 9, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790938/mathematics-anxiety-and-statistics-anxiety-shared-but-also-unshared-components-and-antagonistic-contributions-to-performance-in-statistics
#20
Manuela Paechter, Daniel Macher, Khatuna Martskvishvili, Sigrid Wimmer, Ilona Papousek
In many social science majors, e.g., psychology, students report high levels of statistics anxiety. However, these majors are often chosen by students who are less prone to mathematics and who might have experienced difficulties and unpleasant feelings in their mathematics courses at school. The present study investigates whether statistics anxiety is a genuine form of anxiety that impairs students' achievements or whether learners mainly transfer previous experiences in mathematics and their anxiety in mathematics to statistics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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