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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042722/salutogenesis-a-new-approach-toward-oral-health-promotion
#1
Manpreet Kaur, Ritu Jindal, Rohini Dua, Aanchal Gautam, Ramandeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Sense of coherence (SOC) is hypothesized to be an important psychological factor that enables people to cope with stressors and successfully maintain and improve health. Very few publications report on the relationship between "salutogenesis," as measured by the concept of SOC and oral health status. However, little is known about the relationship between the mother's SOC and dental caries of their children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of mother's SOC level on dental caries status of their children...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037749/psychopathological-features-in-noonan-syndrome
#2
Francesca Perrino, Serena Licchelli, Giulia Serra, Giorgia Piccini, Cristina Caciolo, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Flavia Cirillo, Chiara Leoni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Giuseppe Zampino, Marco Tartaglia, Paolo Alfieri, Stefano Vicari
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, skeletal and haematological/lymphatic defects, distinctive facies, cryptorchidism, and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Recurrent features also include variable cognitive deficits and behavioural problems. Recent research has been focused on the assessment of prevalence, age of onset and characterization of psychiatric features in this disorder. Herein, we evaluated the prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depressive symptoms and syndromes in a cohort of individuals with clinical and molecular diagnosis of NS...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035709/heart-rate-variability-and-salivary-cortisol-in-very-preterm-children-during-school-age
#3
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Sebastian Ludyga, Tobias Stalder, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Markus Gerber, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) plays a major role in the human stress response and reflects physical and psychological adaptability to a changing environment. Long-term exposure to early life stressors may alter the function of the ANS. The present study examines differences in the ANS between children born very preterm and full-term as well as the association between the ANS and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the other main branch of the human stress system. Fifty-four healthy children born very preterm (<32nd gestational week) and 67 full-term children aged 7-12 years provided data for the present study...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#4
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027672/inside-out-representational-ethics-and-diverse-communities
#5
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023162/bullying-effects-on-school-aged-children-screening-tools-and-referral-sources
#6
Katie Fisher, Brenda Cassidy, Ann M Mitchell
Bullying is not a new concept or behavior, and is now gaining national attention as a growing public health concern. Bullying leads to short- and long-term physical and psychological damage to both the victims and the bullies. The serious implications of bullying drive a clinical mandate for teachers and school nurses to be educated and adequately trained to identify and address bullying within schools. This review of the literature describes screening tools that can be utilized to identify both victims and bullies...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016181/gerald-roy-patterson-1926-2016
#7
Thomas Dishion
Presents an obituary for Gerald ("Jerry") Roy Patterson, who passed away on August 22, 2016. Jerry was an intellectual powerhouse who made fundamental contributions to developmental psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, prevention science, and special education. In 1965 Jerry became the director of clinical training at the University of Oregon and professor of clinical psychology. In 1967 he joined the Oregon Research Institute, where he continued to study aggression, marital conflict, and treatment...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992585/video-game-play-and-anxiety-during-late-adolescence-the-moderating-effects-of-gender-and-social-context
#8
Christine McCauley Ohannessian
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined factors that moderate the relationship between playing video games and adolescent psychological adjustment. Therefore, the primary goal of this study was to examine the relationship between playing video games and anxiety symptomatology in a sample of 441 11th and 12th grade students, while considering both gender and the social context (whether they played alone or with others). METHODS: Participants (66% non-Hispanic White) were administered a survey (including measures of technology use and anxiety symptomatology) in school at baseline and one year later...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991767/anorexia-anormal-phobia-of-normal-weight
#9
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec, Aneta Demerdzieva
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder of feeding behavior associated with distortion of body image, mood disturbance and a wide variety of hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. It is supposed that the disease could be the consequence of a combination of cultural-social, psychological and biological factors. Our study confirmed that anorexia mentalis is a serious, life threatening disorder which in our country appears earlier than it was expected and that is strongly related to environmental factors (family, school, fashion, society)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990824/where-are-they-now
#10
Yossi Levi-Belz, Orit Krispin, Giora Galilee, Ehud Bodner, Alan Apter
BACKGROUND: While a history of suicide attempts has been identified as the most powerful risk factor among adults, it is not clear if this is also true for the adolescent population. Our aim was to examine the differences between attempters and nonattempters in the years following a documented suicide attempt and to investigate the adolescents' prognosis in terms of suicidal behavior and adjustment. METHOD: Military records at induction and during active military service were used to compare 105 adolescent suicide attempters with 105 matched controls...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990151/burnout-and-stress-amongst-interns-in-irish-hospitals-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions
#11
E Hannan, N Breslin, E Doherty, M McGreal, D Moneley, G Offiah
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical school to internship can be daunting for newly qualified doctors. High rates of stress and burnout have been reported, with negative impacts on patient care and physician wellbeing. AIMS: We surveyed interns in our hospital group to evaluate rates of stress and burnout, as well as identify the causative factors and propose potential solutions to these. METHODS: A hundred and one interns working in four different hospitals over a 2-year period were invited to participate in an anonymous survey...
October 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990135/text-messaging-sms-helping-cancer-care-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment-a-pilot-study
#12
Timóteo Matthies Rico, Karina Dos Santos Machado, Vanessa Pellegrini Fernandes, Samanta Winck Madruga, Patrícia Tuerlinckx Noguez, Camila Rose Guadalupe Barcelos, Mateus Madail Santin, Cristiane Rios Petrarca, Samuel Carvalho Dumith
Cancer treatment is an extremely stressful life experience that is accompanied by a range of psychological, social, physical, and practical difficulties. Cancer patients need to receive information that helps them to better understand the disease, assists them in decision-making, and helps them deal with treatment. Patients are interested in receiving such information. The degree of satisfaction with the information received has been associated with positive health outcomes, specifically regarding quality of life, severity of side effects, and psychological well-being...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984004/self-reported-psychological-wellbeing-in-adolescents-the-role-of-intellectual-developmental-disability-and-gender
#13
P Boström, J Åsberg Johnels, M Broberg
BACKGROUND: The Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire was developed to assess subjective wellbeing in young persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) as this perspective is rarely included in research. The present study explored how ID/DD and gender are related to self-reported wellbeing among adolescents. METHOD: Students with (n = 110) or without (n = 110) ID/DD, aged 12-16 years, completed the Wellbeing in Special Education Questionnaire...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983126/beyond-generalized-sexual-prejudice-need-for-closure-predicts-negative-attitudes-toward-bisexual-people-relative-to-gay-lesbian-people
#14
Sara E Burke, John F Dovidio, Marianne LaFrance, Julia M Przedworski, Sylvia P Perry, Sean M Phelan, Diana J Burgess, Rachel R Hardeman, Mark W Yeazel, Michelle van Ryn
Increasing evidence suggests that bisexual people are sometimes evaluated more negatively than heterosexual and gay/lesbian people. A common theoretical account for this discrepancy argues that bisexuality is perceived by some as introducing ambiguity into a binary model of sexuality. The present brief report tests a single key prediction of this theory, that evaluations of bisexual people have a unique relationship with Need for Closure (NFC), a dispositional preference for simple ways of structuring information...
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981460/the-impact-of-a-school-based-weight-management-program-involving-parents-via-mhealth-for-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Regina Lai-Tong Lee, Cynthia Leung, Hong Chen, Lobo H T Louie, Michael Brown, Jyu-Lin Chen, Gordon Cheung, Paul H Lee
There is a scarcity of resources and studies that utilize targeted weight management interventions to engage parents via mHealth tools targeting obese children and adolescents with mild intellectual disabilities (MIDs) extended from school to a home setting. To test the feasibility and acceptability of a school-based weight program (SBWMP) involving parents via mHealth tools designed to reduce weight, enhance knowledge and adopt healthy lifestyles, and thereby achieve better psychosocial well-being among children and adolescents with MIDs...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977279/-reproducibility-internal-consistency-and-construct-validity-of-kidscreen-27-in-brazilian-adolescents
#16
José Cazuza de Farias, Mathias Roberto Loch, Antônio José de Lima, Joana Marcela Sales, Flávia Emília Leite de Lima Ferreira
: The objective of this two-part study was to estimate the reproducibility, internal consistency, and construct validity of KIDSCREEN-27, a questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life, in Brazilian adolescents. One study component estimated reproducibility (176 adolescents, 59.7% females, 64.7% 10 to 12 years of age), and another estimated internal consistency and validity (1,321 adolescents, 53.7% females, 56.9% 10 to 12 years of age). The studies were conducted with adolescents of both sexes in public schools in the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraíba State, Brazil...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976300/school-psychological-evaluation-reports-for-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children-best-practices
#17
Robert Whitaker, Tania Thomas-Presswood
This article discusses the best practices for school psychological evaluation and reports for parents and professionals who work with deaf/hard of hearing children. Deaf/hard of hearing children present unique challenges and in order for parents to be strong advocates for their children, knowledge about the complexities of psychological assessments is important. Parents are also provided with best practices for psychological reports with descriptions for typical areas of reports and how each is different for deaf/hard of hearing children...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972844/it-s-time-to-broaden-the-replicability-conversation-thoughts-for-and-from-clinical-psychological-science
#18
Jennifer L Tackett, Scott O Lilienfeld, Christopher J Patrick, Sheri L Johnson, Robert F Krueger, Joshua D Miller, Thomas F Oltmanns, Patrick E Shrout
Psychology is in the early stages of examining a crisis of replicability stemming from several high-profile failures to replicate studies in experimental psychology. This important conversation has largely been focused on social psychology, with some active participation from cognitive psychology. Nevertheless, several other major domains of psychological science-including clinical science-have remained insulated from this discussion. The goals of this article are to (a) examine why clinical psychology and allied fields, such as counseling and school psychology, have not been central participants in the replicability conversation; (b) review concerns and recommendations that are less (or more) applicable to or appropriate for research in clinical psychology and allied fields; and...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972840/idiocultural-design-as-a-tool-of-cultural-psychology
#19
Michael Cole
The study of small group idiocultures offers a productive way to study the role of culture in human cognitive and social development. My evidence is drawn from a multi-decade long study of groups of mixed-aged participants engaged in deliberately designed forms of joint activity taking place several times a week over periods extending over decades in a variety of institutional settings. In each such system, participants ranging from middle childhood to adulthood participate in an after-school program composed of a wide variety of games brought together in a fantasy world watched over by a Wizard...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#20
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
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