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Alcohol addiction

Amy R Krentzman, Jon R Webb, Jennifer M Jester, J Irene Harris
Previous research has suggested that forgiveness of self and forgiveness of others might function differently over the course of addiction recovery. However, we know little about the longitudinal process of these dimensions of forgiveness for individuals addressing alcohol-use disorders. Increased knowledge would inform the content and sequencing of intervention strategies. Three hundred and sixty-four individuals managing alcohol dependence participated in a 30-month longitudinal study, reporting their capacity to forgive self and to forgive others every 6 months...
May 2018: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
Fulan Zhang, Tiancheng Zhang, Jingmei Xiong, Jing Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the gender differences in cluster pattern of health risk behaviors among rural middle school students in Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi. METHODS: By the method of layered, random and total sampling, questionnaire survey about dietary bias, smoking, alcohol drinking, suicidal ideation, internet addiction and non-secure swimming was taken to 1974 students of eight middle schools from rural areas in four counties of Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi, Hunan Province in 2014...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Olivia Schünemann, Johannes Lindenmeyer, Nina Heinrichs
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine predictors that lead to the utilization of Behavioural Couple Therapy (BCT) for patients with alcohol dependence (AD) in a -European health care system and to identify groups that have a low probability of utilizing BCT. METHODS: Using routinely collected data from a German rehabilitation clinic, a sample of 1,843 inpatients with AD living in a couple relationship was examined. Each patient could freely choose to participate in an addiction-specific BCT as a voluntary additional intervention during an inpatient treatment program...
June 14, 2018: European Addiction Research
H V Amith, Deepali Agrawal, Abhishek Gupta, Tarani Prakash Shrivastava, Bharathi M Purohit, Garima Bhambhani
Context: Abuse of tobacco, such as drug and alcohol abuse, is a worldwide public health problem. Once a person is addicted to nicotine, quitting smoking is difficult. A measure of the addictive potential of tobacco products is the amount of nicotine available from them. The present study is an attempt to assess the nicotine content of tobacco products available in Bhopal. Aims: This study aims to assess the nicotine content of some popular brands of smoked (cigarettes and bidis) and chewed forms (pan masalas containing tobacco) of tobacco available in Bhopal...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Maria E Ramirez-Roman, Carlos E Billini, Alfredo Ghezzi
Alcohol addiction is a serious condition perpetuated by enduring physiological and behavioral adaptations. An important component of these adaptations is the long-term rearrangement of neuronal gene expression in the brain of the addicted individual. Epigenetic histone modifications have recently surfaced as important modulators of the transcriptional adaptation to alcohol as these are thought to represent a form of transcriptional memory that is directly imprinted on the chromosome. Some histone modifications affect transcription by modulating the accessibility of the underlying DNA, whereas others have been proposed to serve as marks read by transcription factors as a "histone code" that helps to specify the expression level of a gene...
2018: Journal of Experimental Neuroscience
Andriy V Samokhvalov, Charlotte Probst, Saima Awan, Tony P George, Bernard Le Foll, Peter Voore, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: In 2013, an Integrated Care Pathway (ICP) for concurrent Major Depressive (MDD) and Alcohol Use (AUD) Disorders was developed at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The ICP was further implemented at 8 other clinical sites across Ontario (the DA VINCI Project) in 2015-2017. The goal of this study was to systematically describe and analyze the main clinical outcomes of the project. METHODS: Data on a non-randomized cohort of patients receiving ICP-based treatment were collected prospectively at nine clinical sites in a variety of clinical settings...
June 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Hyoun S Kim, Briana D Cassetta, David C Hodgins, Daniel S McGrath, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Hermano Tavares
OBJECTIVE: While it has been shown that disordered gamblers with psychosis are at increased risk for comorbid psychopathology, it is unclear whether this dual-diagnosis population is also at greater risk of problematic engagement with comorbid addictive behaviors. METHODS: We tested for association between disordered gambling with psychosis and comorbid addictive behaviors in a sample of 349 treatment-seeking disordered gamblers. RESULTS: Twenty-five (7...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Md Razwan Hasan Khan Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, Russell Kabir, Nirmala K P Perera, Manzur Kader
Objectives: Anecdotal reports from Bangladesh indicated that some young adults were becoming addicted to online pornography similar to how others become addicted to gambling, drugs, and alcohol. Such behaviors can have social, academic, and behavioral implications in this population. This study investigated the association between consumption of online pornography and sociobehavioral patterns among students from a private university in Bangladesh. Methods: In total, 299 undergraduate students (70...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Rachel Kornfield, Prathusha K Sarma, Dhavan V Shah, Fiona McTavish, Gina Landucci, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Online discussion forums allow those in addiction recovery to seek help through text-based messages, including when facing triggers to drink or use drugs. Trained staff (or "moderators") may participate within these forums to offer guidance and support when participants are struggling but must expend considerable effort to continually review new content. Demands on moderators limit the scalability of evidence-based digital health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Automated identification of recovery problems could allow moderators to engage in more timely and efficient ways with participants who are struggling...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Joao Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Livia Beraldo, Antonio Ventriglio, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Antonio Geraldo da Silva, Julio Torales, Priscila Dib Goncalves, Dinesh Bhugra
Substance use disorders are an important public health problem with a multifactorial etiology and limited effective treatment options. Within this context, spirituality-based approaches may provide interesting and useful options in managing substance use disorders. This kind of intervention can have positive effects in alleviating some core symptoms associated with substance use, such as aggressiveness. Improvement in cessation rates for alcohol, cocaine and opioid use disorders have also been described in some clinical studies...
June 11, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
Kuo-Yao Hsu, Yun-Fang Tsai, Chu-Ching Huang, Wen-Ling Yeh, Kai-Ping Chang, Chen-Chun Lin, Ching-Yen Chen, Hsiu-Lan Lee
BACKGROUND: Smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, and chewing betel quid are health-risk behaviors for several diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes, with severe impacts on health. However, health care providers often have limited time to assess clients' behaviors regarding smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, and chewing betel quid and intervene, if needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a Web-based survey system; determine the rates of tobacco-smoking, alcohol-drinking, and betel-quid-chewing behaviors; and estimate the efficiency of the system (time to complete the survey)...
June 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Reinout W Wiers, Marilisa Boffo, Matt Field
OBJECTIVE: Recently, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) redefined clinical trials to include any study involving behavioral or biomedical interventions. In line with a general framework from experimental medicine, we argue that it is crucial to distinguish between experimental laboratory studies aimed at revealing psychological mechanisms underlying behavior and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in clinical samples aimed at testing the efficacy of an intervention. METHOD: As an illustration, we reviewed the current state of the evidence on the efficacy of cognitive bias modification (CBM) interventions in alcohol use disorders...
May 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
James H Ford, Eric L Osborne, Mehret T Assefa, Amy M McIlvaine, Ahney M King, Kevin Campbell, Mark P McGovern
BACKGROUND: Access to integrated services for individuals with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders is a long-standing public health issue. Receiving integrated treatment services are both more effective and preferred by patients and families versus parallel or fragmented care. National policy statements and expert consensus guidelines underscore the benefits of integrated treatment. Despite decades of awareness, adequate treatment for individuals with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders occurs infrequently...
June 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Anna Zilverstand, Anna S Huang, Nelly Alia-Klein, Rita Z Goldstein
The impaired response inhibition and salience attribution (iRISA) model proposes that impaired response inhibition and salience attribution underlie drug seeking and taking. To update this model, we systematically reviewed 105 task-related neuroimaging studies (n > 15/group) published since 2010. Results demonstrate specific impairments within six large-scale brain networks (reward, habit, salience, executive, memory, and self-directed networks) during drug cue exposure, decision making, inhibitory control, and social-emotional processing...
June 6, 2018: Neuron
André Kuntz, Pascal Missonnier, Marco Merlo, Isabelle Gothuey
Cognitive impairment is a frequent consequence of chronic and excessive alcohol consumption with impact on the daily lives of the concerned persons. Recovery during abstinence phases is often only partial. Improvement of cognitive functions has often a positive and lasting effect on the quality of live and the clinical symptoms of the patients suffering from an alcohol use disorder. This article presents a critical discussion on the utility of evoked potentials as part of adapted clinical protocols aiming an individualized rehabilitation approaches of alcohol use disorder and focusing on a reduction of the risk of relapse...
June 6, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Cory A Crane, Nicole Umehira, Cassandra Berbary, Caroline J Easton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cyber aggression has emerged as a modern form of intimate partner violence which has yet to undergo sufficient research necessary to identify risk factors that may increase the likelihood or severity of cyber aggressive behavior toward a relationship partner. Prior research offers contradictory findings pertaining to the relationship between problematic alcohol use and cyber aggression. METHODS: We recruited 100 (40 female) adult participants through online crowdsourcing to complete a series of questionnaires assessing traditional partner violence, cyber aggression, and problematic alcohol use...
June 6, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
Sevgi Canbaz, Özlem Terzi
INTRODUCTION: Identifying risk factors is important in intervening in suicide, which is a preventable cause of death in adolescents. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of suicidal ideation and risk factors for suicidal thought in high school students aged 15-18 years. METHODS: The data were obtained from questionnaire forms administered to 2438 high school students aged 15-18 years. Risk factors that might be associated with suicidal thought were identified using logistic regression analysis...
June 5, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Marc Muschler, Mathias Rhein, Andreas Ritter, Thomas Hillemacher, Helge Frieling, Stefan Bleich, Alexander Glahn
Impaired regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is substantially involved in several psychiatric disorders. Smoking interferes with HPA axis by activating proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons and thus stimulating the expression of POMC. The POMC transcript is processed into several peptide hormones, such as adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), that play a role in stress response and weight control. In alcohol dependence, POMC promoter methylation is associated with craving...
June 2, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Mindy R Brittner, Brandie Pugh, Karen Soren, Linda Richter, Melissa S Stockwell
To better understand the optimal frequency of parent-adolescent alcohol-specific communication, we conducted a secondary analysis of the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse Culture of High School Survey, a 2010 nationally representative online survey of 1000 high school students. Logistic regression models assessed the relationship between alcohol-specific communication and adolescent perceptions ( binge drinking is very dangerous, drinking is cool, and getting drunk is very dangerous), adjusting for grade, sex, race, personal and peer alcohol use, and parental monitoring...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Melinda A Gaddy, Hilary G Casner, Jenny Rosinski
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are of great concern for health care providers working with military veteran populations. Systematic evaluation of progress and outcomes within the Veterans Affairs (VA) is a critical component of care provided for the veteran population. The Brief Addiction Monitor (BAM) is a 17-item instrument used within VA to assess substance use and related constructs among veterans participating in SUD care. Initial evaluations, using a version containing continuous items, suggested that the items form three factors reflecting substance use, risk factors, and protective factors...
July 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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