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Alcohol addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684892/effects-of-anxiety-and-mood-disorders-on-craving-and-substance-use-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#1
Melina Fatseas, Fuschia Serre, Joel Swendsen, Marc Auriacombe
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition of the negative impact of psychiatric comorbidity on addictive disorders, the mechanisms underlying this association remain poorly understood. The present investigation applied mobile technologies to examine the effect of comorbid mood or anxiety disorders on craving intensity and substance use within the natural conditions of daily life. METHODS: A total of 159 participants were recruited from a French outpatient addiction clinic and completed two weeks of computerized ambulatory monitoring of daily life experiences using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA)...
April 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683847/psychoactive-substances-alcohol-and-tobacco-consumption-in-hiv-infected-outpatients
#2
Jean-Marc Jacquet, Hélène Peyriere, Alain Makinson, Marianne Peries, Nicolas Nagot, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Jacques Reynes
OBJECTIVES: To assess the alcohol consumption, tobacco addiction and psychoactive substance use (PSU) of people living with HIV (PLHIV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in an HIV outpatient unit. METHODS: Autoquestionnaire systematically proposed to all patients during their usual clinical care visit during a 6-months period, for alcohol (AUDIT test), tobacco (Short Fagerstrom Test) and PSU (ASSIST V3.0 test). RESULTS: Of 1334 distributed questionnaires, 1018 PLHIV responded: 76...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683791/is-clinical-assessment-of-addiction-severity-of-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-using-the-addiction-severity-index-a-predictor-of-future-inpatient-mental-health-hospitalization-a-nine-year-registry-study
#3
Mojgan Padyab, Bengt-Åke Armelius, Kerstin Armelius, Siv Nyström, Björn Blom, Ann-Sofie Grönlund, Lena Lundgren
OBJECTIVE: In Sweden, the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) is the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's recommended substance use disorder (SUD) assessment tool and used routinely for patient intakes. Our study of 213 individuals assessed for SUD with the ASI, used nine years of the National Patient Register, and examined if clinical social workers' assessments of addiction severity at baseline were associated with later hospitalizations for mental health disorder (MHD). METHODS: ASI Composite Scores (CS) and Interviewer severity rating were used to measure client's problems in seven areas (mental health, family and social relationships, alcohol, drug use, health and legal) at baseline...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680318/using-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-whether-modifications-to-contingency-management-improve-outcomes-for-heavy-drinkers-with-serious-mental-illness
#4
Oladunni Oluwoye, Jordan Skalisky, Ekaterina Burduli, Naomi S Chaytor, Sterling McPherson, Sean Murphy, Jalene Herron, Katherine Hirchak, Mason Burley, Richard K Ries, John M Roll, Michael G McDonell
BACKGROUND: In contingency management (CM), individuals receive rewards for alcohol abstinence. CM is associated with reduced alcohol use in adults with co-occurring serious mental illnesses (SMI). Pre-treatment urine ethyl glucuronide (uEtG) levels equivalent to daily heavy drinking (uEtG > 349 ng/mL) are associated with poor response to CM. Modifications to CM are needed to improve outcomes for non-responders. AIMS: To determine if pre-treatment heavy drinkers, defined by uEtG, with SMI achieve higher levels of alcohol abstinence when they receive an increased magnitude of reinforcement for abstinence (High-Magnitude CM) or reinforcers for reduced drinking, prior to receiving reinforcers for abstinence (Shaping CM), relative to those who receive typical low-magnitude abstinence based CM (Usual CM)...
April 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680185/a-dual-process-perspective-on-advances-in-cognitive-science-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Kristen P Lindgren, Christian S Hendershot, Jason J Ramirez, Edward Bernat, Mauricio Rangel-Gomez, Kirsten P Peterson, James G Murphy
There is a tremendous global and national (US) burden associated with alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Further, of the mental health disorders, AUD has the widest treatment gap. Thus, there is a critical need for improved understanding of the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of AUD. The application of cognitive science to the study of AUD has a longstanding history of attempting to meet this need. In this selective review, we identified and focused on four domains of recent (i.e., in the last decade) applications of cognitive science to the study of AUD: implicit cognitive biases, executive function, behavioral economic approaches to alcohol decision making, and functional connectivity neuroimaging...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679914/a-multi-site-proof-of-concept-investigation-of-computerized-approach-avoidance-training-in-adolescent-cannabis-users
#6
Joanna Jacobus, Charles T Taylor, Kevin M Gray, Lindsay R Meredith, Anna M Porter, Irene Li, Norma Castro, Lindsay M Squeglia
BACKGROUND: Few effective treatment options exist for cannabis-using youth. This pilot study aimed to test Approach-Avoidance Training to reduce cannabis use with non-treatment-seeking adolescents. METHODS: Eighty cannabis-using non-treatment-seeking adolescents (average age 19) were recruited from San Diego, California and Charleston, South Carolina, and randomized to complete either six sessions of Cannabis Approach-Avoidance Task Training (CAAT-training) designed to reduce automatic approach biases for cannabis cues or CAAT-sham training...
April 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675583/do-alcohol-related-ampa-type-glutamate-receptor-adaptations-promote-intake
#7
F Woodward Hopf, Regina A Mangieri
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (AMPA, NMDA, and kainate receptors) play a central role in excitatory glutamatergic signaling throughout the brain. As a result, functional changes, especially long-lasting forms of plasticity, have the potential to profoundly alter neuronal function and the expression of adaptive and pathological behaviors. Thus, alcohol-related adaptations in ionotropic glutamate receptors are of great interest, since they could promote excessive alcohol consumption, even after long-term abstinence...
April 20, 2018: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673739/association-of-serotonin-and-gaba-pathway-gene-polymorphisms-with-alcohol-dependence-a-preliminary-study
#8
Shweta Sahni, Mayanka Tickoo, Ranjan Gupta, Meera Vaswani, Atul Ambekar, Tripti Grover, Arundhati Sharma
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence (AD), characterized by profound disruptions in specific circuits of the brain is influenced by both environmental, which play a significant role in developing addiction and genetic factors, which make some individuals more susceptible to disruptions. Various polymorphisms in the neurotransmitter genes are reported to increase the risk of developing dependence. The present study aimed to identify association of serotonin and GABA polymorphisms with AD in Indian subjects...
April 9, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669731/involvement-of-activated-brain-stress-responsive-systems-in-excessive-and-relapse-alcohol-drinking-in-rodent-models-implications-for-therapeutics
#9
Yan Zhou, Mary Jeanne Kreek
Addictive diseases, including addiction to alcohol pose massive public health costs. Addiction is a chronic relapsing disease, caused by both the direct effects induced by drugs and persistent neuroadaptations at several (molecular, cellular and behavioral) levels. These drug-type specific neuro-adaptations are brought on largely by the reinforcing effects of drugs on the central nervous system and environment, including stress. Results from animal experiments have demonstrated important interactions between alcohol and the stress responsive systems...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668421/factors-associated-with-unplanned-early-discharges-from-a-dual-diagnosis-inpatient-detoxification-unit-in-israel
#10
Menachem M Sofer, Alexander Kaptsan, Jonathan Anson
OBJECTIVES: Currently, Israel has a single governmental inpatient dual diagnosis detoxification unit. We provide a cross-section of patient profiles in this unit, as well as explore possible associations between clinical/demographic factors, and the unplanned early discharge of patients from the unit, aiming at improving rehabilitation success rates. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of all patients admitted to the unit between January 1st 2012 and July 1st 2013 were examined (N = 323)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667712/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#11
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#12
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665567/psychological-health-challenges-of-the-hill-tracts-region-for-climate-change-in-bangladesh
#13
Syed Muhammad Sajjad Kabir
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be felt at both the individual and community levels, with psychological health outcomes ranging from psychological distress, depression, and anxiety, to increased addictions and suicide rates...
April 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665493/a-daily-diary-study-of-stressful-and-positive-events-alcohol-use-and-addiction-severity-among-heavy-drinking-sexual-minority-men
#14
Ethan H Mereish, Alexis Kuerbis, Jon Morgenstern
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the conditions under which daily stressful and positive events are associated with alcohol use among heavy drinking sexual minority men (SMM). Specifically, we examined the moderating effects of two indicators of alcohol addiction severity (i.e., alcohol dependence severity and negative drinking consequences) on the associations between daily stressful events and alcohol use and between daily positive events and alcohol use among heavy drinking SMM...
April 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663871/design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-zinc-supplementation-to-improve-markers-of-mortality-and-hiv-disease-progression-in-hiv-positive-drinkers-in-st-petersburg-russia
#15
Natalia Gnatienko, Matthew S Freiberg, Elena Blokhina, Tatiana Yaroslavtseva, Carly Bridden, Debbie M Cheng, Christine E Chaisson, Dmitry Lioznov, Sally Bendiks, Glory Koerbel, Sharon M Coleman, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet
Background Russia continues to have an uncontrolled HIV epidemic and its per capita alcohol consumption is among the highest in the world. Alcohol use among HIV-positive individuals is common and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Alcohol use and HIV each lead to microbial translocation, which in turn results in inflammation. Zinc supplementation holds potential for lowering levels of biomarkers of inflammation, possibly as a consequence of its impact on intestinal permeability. This paper describes the protocol of a double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial of zinc supplementation in St...
April 17, 2018: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661748/virtual-reality-cue-refusal-video-game-for-alcohol-and-cigarette-recovery-support-summative-study
#16
Mary Metcalf, Karen Rossie, Katie Stokes, Christina Tallman, Bradley Tanner
BACKGROUND: New technologies such as virtual reality, augmented reality, and video games hold promise to support and enhance individuals in addiction treatment and recovery. Quitting or decreasing cigarette or alcohol use can lead to significant health improvements for individuals, decreasing heart disease risk and cancer risks (for both nicotine and alcohol use), among others. However, remaining in recovery from use is a significant challenge for most individuals. OBJECTIVE: We developed and assessed the Take Control game, a partially immersive Kinect for Windows platform game that allows users to counter substance cues through active movements (hitting, kicking, etc)...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659091/an-argument-against-the-implementation-of-an-overarching-universal-addiction-model-in-alcohol-and-other-drug-treatment
#17
Michael Savic, Dan I Lubman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658508/-psychosocial-characteristics-of-alcohol-dependence-patients-committed-self-poisoning-suicide-attempt
#18
V E Pashkovskiy, D V Antonova, G A Prokopovich, A Yu Egorov
AIM: To determine с psychosocial characteristics of alcohol-dependent patients committed self-poisoning suicide attempt. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individuals, who were admitted to the toxicology department after the self-poisoning suicidal attempt, were studied. The socio-demographic, personal history data together with experimental psychological methods (V.P. Dvorschenko Personality Accentuation Test, AUDIT, Beck Hopelessness and Suicide Intention Scales, Barratt Impulsivity Scale) were used...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658503/-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-alimemazine-teraligen-in-relieving-anxiety-in-patients-with-alcohol-addiction
#19
A R Asadullin, V L Yuldashev, G M Asadullina, E A Akhmetova, K A Ishchenko
AIM: To assess the efficacy of monotherapy of anxiety in alcoholism with alimemazine (teraligen). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with alcohol addiction were treated with alimemazine in dose 15 mg during 9 month. In control group (11 patients) teraligen was no used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A significant positive effect of treatment with teraligen was observed. There were the improvement in alcohol addiction course, decrease in scores on the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) from severe to mild level and decrease in trait and state anxiety measured with the Spielberger-Khanin scale from high to low levels...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658497/-addictions-profiles-as-a-tool-for-comparison-of-chemical-and-nonchemical-dependencies
#20
K Yu Zalmunin, V D Mendelevich
AIM: A clinical and phenomenological comparative evaluation of addictions (alcoholism, drug addiction, sexual and tobacco dependence, pathological gambling) to develop integrative methods for the assessment of comparative performance profiles of addictive disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-six patients were examined using clinical, psychometric and statistical methods. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Addiction profiles were described and addictive potentials were compared...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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