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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231654/-relation-between-waist-circumference-and-risk-of-male-lung-cancer-incidence-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
S H Xie, G Wang, L W Guo, S H Chen, K Su, F Li, S Chang, X S Feng, Z Y Lyu, Y H Chen, J S Ren, H Cui, N Li, S L Wu, M Dai, J He
Objective: To investigate the association between waist circumference and risk of male lung cancer incidence. Methods: Since May 1, 2006, all the male employees including the retirees in Kailuan Group had been recruited into a Chinese Kailuan Male Cohort study. Information on anthropometries including body weight, height and waist circumference were collected at the baseline investigation, as well as information on newly-diagnosed lung cancer cases during the follow-up period. Waist circumference was grouped by quintiles of the population waist circumference distribution and categorized into the following five groups: <80, 80-, 85-, 90- and ≥95 cm, with the relevant normal group, the second quintile group (80-cm), serving as the referent category...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231626/default-mode-network-deactivation-to-smoking-cue-relative-to-food-cue-predicts-treatment-outcome-in-nicotine-use-disorder
#3
Claire E Wilcox, Eric D Claus, Vince D Calhoun, Srinivas Rachakonda, Rae A Littlewood, Jessica Mickey, Pamela B Arenella, Natalie Goodreau, Kent E Hutchison
Identifying predictors of treatment outcome for nicotine use disorders (NUDs) may help improve efficacy of established treatments, like varenicline. Brain reactivity to drug stimuli predicts relapse risk in nicotine and other substance use disorders in some studies. Activity in the default mode network (DMN) is affected by drug cues and other palatable cues, but its clinical significance is unclear. In this study, 143 individuals with NUD (male n = 91, ages 18-55 years) received a functional magnetic resonance imaging scan during a visual cue task during which they were presented with a series of smoking-related or food-related video clips prior to randomization to treatment with varenicline (n = 80) or placebo...
February 23, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231623/compassion-fatigue-in-nurses-a-metasynthesis
#4
Anna G W Nolte, Charlene Downing, Annie Temane, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
AIM: The purpose of this research was to interpret the body of qualitative work focusing on compassion fatigue to distill a common understanding that could then be applied to nursing care. BACKGROUND: Complex demands place extraordinary stress on nurses struggling to work in overburdened healthcare systems. The result can be the inability to care well for others, leading to compassion fatigue, burnout, and increased numbers leaving the profession. Meta-synthesis offers a means of more fully illuminating compassion fatigue and further understanding of practices which might reduce its negative consequences...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231604/variations-in-body-morphology-explain-gender-differences-in-thermoeffector-function-during-compensable-heat-stress
#5
Sean R Notley, Joonhee Park, Kyoko Tagami, Norikazu Ohnishi, Nigel A S Taylor
Gender is sometimes thought to independently modulate cutaneous vasomotor and sudomotor function during heat exposure. Nevertheless, it was hypothesised that, when assessed during compensable exercise that evoked equal heat-loss requirements across participants, gender differences in those thermoeffectors would be explained by variations in the ratio between body surface area and mass (specific surface area). To evaluate that possibility, vasomotor and sudomotor functions were assessed in sixty individuals (36 males, 24 females) with widely varying (overlapping) specific surface areas (range: 232...
February 23, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231595/-subjective-aspects-of-return-to-work-and-social-reintegration-in-patients-with-extensive-work-related-problems-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-a-qualitative-investigation
#6
C Schulz-Behrendt, A Salzwedel, S Rabe, K Ortmann, H Völler
This study investigated subjective biopsychosocial effects of coronary heart disease (CHD), coping strategies and social support in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and having extensive work-related problems. A qualitative investigation was performed in 17 patients (48.9±7.0 y, 13 male) with extensive work-related problems (SIMBO-C>30). All patients were interviewed with structured surveys. Data analysis was performed using a software that is based on the content analysis approach of Mayring...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231478/event-related-brain-potential-indices-of-cognitive-function-and-brain-resource-reallocation-during-working-memory-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Thomas J Covey, Janet L Shucard, David W Shucard
OBJECTIVE: To examine event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) during a visual n-back working memory (WM) task, and test the hypothesis that compensatory brain function may be associated with variance in task performance in MS patients. METHODS: Midline ERPs for 25MS patients and 18 HCs were obtained for a visual n-back task that placed increasing demands on WM. N-back behavioral measures and neuropsychological performance measures of WM were also obtained...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231416/feasibility-of-combining-common-data-elements-across-studies-to-test-a-hypothesis
#8
Elizabeth J Corwin, Shirley M Moore, Andrea Plotsky, Margaret M Heitkemper, Susan G Dorsey, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Donald E Bailey, Sharron L Docherty, Joanne D Whitney, Carol M Musil, Cynthia M Dougherty, Donna J McCloskey, Joan K Austin, Patricia A Grady
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the outcomes of a collaborative initiative to share data across five schools of nursing in order to evaluate the feasibility of collecting common data elements (CDEs) and developing a common data repository to test hypotheses of interest to nursing scientists. This initiative extended work already completed by the National Institute of Nursing Research CDE Working Group that successfully identified CDEs related to symptoms and self-management, with the goal of supporting more complex, reproducible, and patient-focused research...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231375/predictors-of-adverse-events-after-neck-dissection-an-analysis-of-the-2006-2011-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-nsqip-database
#9
Umang Jain, Jessica Somerville, Sujata Saha, Jon P Ver Halen, Anuja K Antony, Sandeep Samant, John Y Kim
While neck dissection is an important primary and adjunctive procedure in the treatment of head and neck cancer, there is a paucity of studies evaluating outcomes. A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was performed to identify factors associated with adverse events (AEs) in patients undergoing neck dissection. A total of 619 patients were identified, using CPT codes specific to neck dissection. Of the 619 patients undergoing neck dissection, 142 (22.9%) experienced an AE within 30 days of the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231252/toward-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-of-human-motives
#10
Jennifer R Talevich, Stephen J Read, David A Walsh, Ravi Iyer, Gurveen Chopra
A major success in personality has been the development of a consensual structure of traits. However, much less progress has been made on the structure of an equally important aspect of human psychology: motives. We present an empirically and theoretically structured hierarchical taxonomy of 161 motives gleaned from a literature review from McDougall to the present and based on the cluster analysis of similarity judgments among these 161 motives, a broader sampling of motives than previous work. At the broadest level were: Meaning, Communion, and Agency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231176/volatile-composition-of-smoked-and-non-smoked-iranian-rice
#11
Leontina Lipan, Mohammad Hojjati, Hussein El-Zaeddi, Lucía Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ángel Antonio Carbonell-Barrachina
In this work, the volatile profiles of smoked and non-smoked Iranian rice were identified, and their relative abundance was calculated and compared. Headspace solid-phase microextraction together with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS) were used to extract and identify the volatile compounds. The main groups of volatiles in Iranian rice were aldehydes, ketones, phenol derivatives, furans, linear hydrocarbons, esters and terpenes. The chemical family aldehydes was the most abundant one in the profile of non-smoked rice, while phenol derivatives and furans predominated in smoked samples...
November 30, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231161/food-leftover-practices-among-consumers-in-selected-countries-in-europe-south-and-north-america
#12
Kadri Koppel, Federica Higa, Sandria Godwin, Nelson Gutierrez, Roman Shalimov, Paula Cardinal, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, Miriam Sosa, Angel A Carbonell-Barrachina, Loreida Timberg, Edgar Chambers
Foodborne illnesses may be related to many food production factors with home practices of consumers playing an important role in food safety. Consumer behavior for handling food leftovers has been studied, however little work on comparisons among countries has been published. The objective of this study was to investigate home food leftover practices of people from North American, South American, and European countries. Surveys were conducted with approximately 100 or more consumers in Argentina, Colombia, the United States, Estonia, Italy, Russia, and Spain...
September 21, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230993/ground-state-properties-of-the-polar-alkali-metal-ytterbium-and-alkaline-earth-metal-ytterbium-molecules-a-comparative-study
#13
Qinqin Shao, Lijuan Deng, Xiao Dong Xing, Dezhi Gou, Xiaoyu Kuang, Hui Li
The accurate knowledge of electronic properties is important for creating and manufacturing ultracold molecules. We report here the ab initio quantum chemistry calculations on the properties of alkali-metal-ytterbium AM-Yb (AM = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) and alkaline-earth-metal-ytterbium AEM-Yb (AEM = Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) molecules for their electronic ground state. The potential energy curves (PECs) and permanent dipole moments (PDMs) are calculated based on the multi-reference configuration interaction (MRCI) level of theory, where the core-valence correlations and scalar relativistic effects are included...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230971/multifaceted-gold-palladium-bimetallic-nanorods-and-their-geometric-compositional-and-catalytic-tunabilities
#14
Lichao Sun, Qingfeng Zhang, Guangfang Grace Li, Esteban Villarreal, Xiaoqi Fu, Hui Wang
Kinetically controlled, seed-mediated coreduction provides a robust and versatile synthetic approach to multimetallic nanoparticles with precisely controlled geometries and compositions. Here we demonstrate that single-crystalline cylindrical Au nanorods selectively transform into a series of structurally distinct Au@Au-Pd alloy core-shell bimetallic nanorods with exotic multifaceted geometries enclosed by specific types of facets upon seed-mediated Au-Pd coreduction under diffusion controlled conditions. By adjusting several key synthetic parameters, such as the Pd/Au precursor ratio, the reducing agent concentration, the capping surfactant concentration, and foreign metal ion additives, we have been able to simultaneously fine-tailor the atomic-level surface structures and fine-tune the compositional stoichiometries of the multifaceted Au-Pd bimetallic nanorods...
February 23, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230825/molecular-markers-of-apoptosis-in-cancer-patients-exposed-to-ionizing-radiation-the-post-chornobyl-view
#16
A A Philchenkov, E K Balcer-Kubiczek
During the past three decades, the deleterious consequences of Chornobyl accident including carcinogenic effects in the people who were accidentally exposed to radiation have been intensively studied. In particular, recent studies provided increased knowledge of the molecular pathogenesis of thyroid tumors in children exposed to Chornobyl fallout. The risk of several forms of leukemia including myelodysplastic syndromes is elevated in Chornobyl liquidators. Furthermore, the upward trends of increases in a variety of other tumors including breast cancer, cancers of central nervous system and renal cancer have been reported in the persons exposed to Chornobyl fallout...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230820/the-distribution-of-tp53-gene-polymorphisms-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients-sufferers-of-chornobyl-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#17
N I Bilous, I V Abramenko, A A Chumak, I S Dyagil, Z V Martina
: Previous analyses in a cohort of Chornobyl cleanup workers revealed significantly increased radiation-related risk for all leukemia types, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Numerous investigations emphasized the significance of genetic susceptibility to the radiation carcinogenesis. The aim of the work was to study the distribution of TP53 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CLL patients exposed to ionizing radiation (IR) due to Chornobyl nuclear power plant accident and estimate their impact on disease development...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230809/association-of-sleep-duration-sleep-quality-and-shift-work-schedule-in-relation-to-hypertension-prevalence-in-chinese-adult-males-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Kai Lu, Jia Chen, Li Wang, Changying Wang, Rongjing Ding, Shouling Wu, Dayi Hu
Background: Previous studies indicated that measurement of sleep only by duration and quality may be biased. This study aimed to investigate the interactive association of self-reported sleep duration, quality and shift-work schedule with hypertension prevalence in Chinese adult males. Methods: A total of 4519 Chinese adult males (≥18 years) were enrolled into the cross-sectional survey. Sleep attributes were measured from the responses to the standard Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and relevant questions in a structured questionnaire survey...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230725/towards-a-semantic-web-of-things-a-hybrid-semantic-annotation-extraction-and-reasoning-framework-for-cyber-physical-system
#19
Zhenyu Wu, Yuan Xu, Yunong Yang, Chunhong Zhang, Xinning Zhu, Yang Ji
Web of Things (WoT) facilitates the discovery and interoperability of Internet of Things (IoT) devices in a cyber-physical system (CPS). Moreover, a uniform knowledge representation of physical resources is quite necessary for further composition, collaboration, and decision-making process in CPS. Though several efforts have integrated semantics with WoT, such as knowledge engineering methods based on semantic sensor networks (SSN), it still could not represent the complex relationships between devices when dynamic composition and collaboration occur, and it totally depends on manual construction of a knowledge base with low scalability...
February 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230657/stabilized-hiv-1-envelope-glycoprotein-trimers-for-vaccine-use
#20
Max Medina-Ramírez, Rogier W Sanders, Quentin J Sattentau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on the latest developments in the field of HIV-1 antibody-based soluble envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimer design for vaccine use. RECENT FINDINGS: The development of soluble native-like HIV-1 Env trimer immunogens has moved the field of antibody-based vaccine design forward dramatically over the past few years with refinement of various stabilizing approaches. However, despite this progress, significant challenges remain...
February 21, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
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