keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hearing head injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895001/surgical-management-and-hearing-outcome-of-traumatic-ossicular-injuries
#1
Stefan Delrue, Nicolas Verhaert, Joost van Dinther, Andrzej Zarowski, Thomas Somers, Christian Desloovere, Erwin Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate etiological, clinical, and pathological characteristics of traumatic injuries of the middle ear ossicular chain and to evaluate hearing outcome after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (31 ears) with traumatic ossicular injuries operated on between 2004 and 2015 in two tertiary referral otologic centers were retrospectively analyzed. Traumatic events, clinical features, ossicular lesions, treatment procedures, and audiometric results were evaluated...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833872/effects-of-chemoradiation-on-hearing-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-malignancies-experience-at-a-tertiary-referral-care-hospital
#2
Abhineet Jain, Praveer K Banerjee, D Manjunath
Hearing loss as a side effect in patients with head and neck malignancies with chemoradiation is frequently ignored. Its effects on auditory functions are less studied and there are studies done on animals which are less reliable. The present study was undertaken to identify the type of hearing loss and also to quantify the degree of hearing loss in these patients. A prospective, descriptive study was undertaken in histologically proven head and neck cancer patients treated with cobalt 60 teletherapy who received a dose of 60-66 Grays (Gy) over a period of 6-7 weeks with concurrent Cisplatin 30 mg/m(2) once weekly for 6 weeks...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774702/risk-factors-incidence-consequences-and-prevention-strategies-for-falls-and-fall-injury-within-older-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review
#3
Caroline Lukaszyk, Lara Harvey, Cathie Sherrington, Lisa Keay, Anne Tiedemann, Julieann Coombes, Lindy Clemson, Rebecca Ivers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors, incidence, consequences and existing prevention strategies for falls and fall-related injury in older indigenous people. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through searching 14 electronic databases, a range of institutional websites, online search engines and government databases, using search terms pertaining to indigenous status, injury and ageing. RESULTS: Thirteen studies from Australia, the United States, Central America and Canada were identified...
December 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738540/contralateral-cochlear-labyrinthine-concussion-without-temporal-bone-fracture-unusual-posttraumatic-consequence
#4
I M Villarreal, D Méndez, J M Duque Silva, P Ortega Del Álamo
Introduction. Labyrinthine concussion is a term used to describe a rare cause of sensorineural hearing loss with or without vestibular symptoms occurring after head trauma. Isolated damage to the inner ear without involving the vestibular organ would be designated as a cochlear labyrinthine concussion. Hearing loss is not a rare finding in head trauma that involves petrous bone fractures. Nevertheless it generally occurs ipsilateral to the side of the head injury and extraordinarily in the contralateral side and moreover without the presence of a fracture...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662558/external-auditory-canal-stenosis-after-traumatic-auricular-amputation
#5
Justin E R E Wong Chung, Desderius C Chussi, Niels van Heerbeek
BACKGROUND: The auricles are easily injured or amputated in case of head trauma. Inadequate treatment of the external auditory canal (EAC) after auricular injury is often seen and can lead to significant complications of the EAC. CASE REPORT: The authors report 4 cases of auricular injury or amputations. In all patients inadequate first treatment led to stenosis of the EAC. Three patients required recanalization of the EAC because of hearing loss and the risk of further complications...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638079/posttraumatic-dizziness-and-vertigo
#6
M Szczupak, M E Hoffer, S Murphy, C D Balaban
Traumatic brain injury is an increasingly common public health issue, with the mild variant most clinically relevant for this chapter. Common causes of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) include motor vehicle accidents, athletics, and military training/deployment. Despite a range of clinically available testing platforms, diagnosis of mTBI remains challenging. Symptoms are primarily neurosensory, and include dizziness, hearing problems, headaches, cognitive, and sleep disturbances. Dizziness is nearly universally present in all mTBI patients, and is the easiest symptom to objectify for diagnosis...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614519/-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-dose-constraint-for-normal-tissue-cochlea-vestibular-apparatus-and-brainstem
#7
V Guimas, J Thariat, P Graff-Cailleau, P Boisselier, Y Pointreau, P Pommier, X Montbarbon, C Laude, S Racadot
Modern techniques such as intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) have been proven to significantly decrease the dose delivered to the cochleovestibular apparatus, limiting consecutive toxicity especially for sensorineural hearing loss. However, recent data still report a 42% rate of radio-induced hypoacusia underscoring the need to protect the cochleovestibular apparatus. Due to the small size of the cochlea, a precise dose-volume analysis could not be performed, and recommendations only refer to the mean dose...
October 2016: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613210/hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-in-military-personnel-with-deployment-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Stephanie J Karch, José E Capó-Aponte, D Scott McIlwain, Michael Lo, Sridhar Krishnamurti, Roger N Staton, Kendra Jorgensen-Wagers
The objective of this study was to analyze differences in incidence and epidemiologic risk factors for significant threshold shift (STS) and tinnitus in deployed military personnel diagnosed with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) due to either a blast exposure or nonblast head injury. A retrospective longitudinal cohort study of electronic health records of 500 military personnel (456 met inclusion criteria) diagnosed with deployment-related mTBI was completed. Chi-square tests and STS incidence rates were calculated to assess differences between blast-exposed and nonblast groups; relative risks and adjusted odds ratios of developing STS or tinnitus were calculated for risk factors...
October 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453348/effects-of-radiation-on-the-temporal-bone-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Elton M Lambert, G Brandon Gunn, Paul W Gidley
Radiotherapy is a key component in the treatment of many head and neck cancers, and its potential to cause long-term adverse effects has become increasingly recognized. In this review, we describe the short-term and long-term sequelae of radiation-associated changes in and injury to the temporal bone and its related structures. The pathophysiology of radiation-induced injury and its clinical entities, including sensorineural hearing loss, chronic otitis media, osteoradionecrosis, and radiation-associated malignancies, are described...
September 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435969/vertigo-with-sudden-hearing-loss-audio-vestibular-characteristics
#10
Jacob M Pogson, Rachael L Taylor, Allison S Young, Leigh A McGarvie, Sean Flanagan, G Michael Halmagyi, Miriam S Welgampola
Acute vertigo with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a rare clinical emergency. Here, we report the audio-vestibular test profiles of 27 subjects who presented with these symptoms. The vestibular test battery consisted of a three-dimensional video head impulse test (vHIT) of semicircular canal function and recording ocular and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP, cVEMP) to test otolith dysfunction. Unlike vestibular neuritis, where the horizontal and anterior canals with utricular function are more frequently impaired, 74 % of subjects with vertigo and SSNHL demonstrated impairment of the posterior canal gain (0...
October 2016: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387791/temporal-bone-fracture-evaluation-in-the-era-of-modern-computed-tomography
#11
S D Schubl, T R Klein, R J Robitsek, S Trepeta, K Fretwell, D Seidman, M Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Temporal bone fractures (TBFs) are harbingers of high energy head trauma that can result in a variety of significant complications of the auditory, vestibular, nervous, and vascular systems. Multiple cohort studies have identified the incidence and proper evaluation of these fractures. We hypothesize that these have changed with the advent of modern high resolution computer tomography (CT) imaging. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all TBFs admitted to an urban level one trauma center between June 1, 2011 and May 31, 2015...
September 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227925/a-bayesian-approach-to-identifying-new-risk-factors-for-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#12
Yen-Hsia Wen, Shihn-Sheng Wu, Chun-Hung Richard Lin, Jui-Hsiu Tsai, Pinchen Yang, Yang-Pei Chang, Kuan-Hua Tseng
Dementia is one of the most disabling and burdensome health conditions worldwide. In this study, we identified new potential risk factors for dementia from nationwide longitudinal population-based data by using Bayesian statistics.We first tested the consistency of the results obtained using Bayesian statistics with those obtained using classical frequentist probability for 4 recognized risk factors for dementia, namely severe head injury, depression, diabetes mellitus, and vascular diseases. Then, we used Bayesian statistics to verify 2 new potential risk factors for dementia, namely hearing loss and senile cataract, determined from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063763/pediatric-temporal-bone-fractures-a-case-series
#13
S Waissbluth, R Ywakim, B Al Qassabi, B Torabi, L Carpineta, J Manoukian, L H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: Temporal bone fractures are relatively common findings in patients with head trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of temporal bone fractures in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. Tertiary care pediatric academic medical center. METHODS: The medical records of patients aged 18 years or less diagnosed with a temporal bone fracture at the Montreal Children's Hospital from January 2000 to August 2014 were reviewed...
May 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022167/vestibular-end-organ-injury-induced-by-middle-ear-treatment-with-ferric-chloride-in-rats
#14
J H Lee, M S Kim, B R Park
Sensorineural hearing loss, ataxia, pyramidal signs, and vestibular deficits characterize superficial siderosis of the central nervous system. This study investigated changes in vestibular function, free radical formation, and phosphorylated cJun expression in the vestibular end organs after middle ear treatment with a ferric chloride (FeCl3) solution. A single injection of 70% FeCl3solution into the unilateral middle ear cavity caused static vestibular symptoms, such as spontaneous nystagmus and head tilt...
March 27, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932951/endoscopic-transcanal-retrocochlear-approach-to-the-internal-auditory-canal-with-cochlear-preservation-pilot-cadaveric-study
#15
Judith Kempfle, Elliott D Kozin, Aaron K Remenschneider, Andreas Eckhard, Albert Edge, Daniel J Lee
Contemporary operative approaches to the internal auditory canal (IAC) require the creation of large surgical portals for visualization with associated morbidity, including hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction, facial nerve injury, and skull base defects that increase the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak. Transcanal approaches to the IAC have been possible only via a transcochlear technique. To preserve cochlear function, we describe a novel endoscopic transcanal infracochlear approach to the IAC in cadaveric temporal bones...
May 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868680/maladaptive-plasticity-in-tinnitus-triggers-mechanisms-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Susan E Shore, Larry E Roberts, Berthold Langguth
Tinnitus is a phantom auditory sensation that reduces quality of life for millions of people worldwide, and for which there is no medical cure. Most cases of tinnitus are associated with hearing loss caused by ageing or noise exposure. Exposure to loud recreational sound is common among the young, and this group are at increasing risk of developing tinnitus. Head or neck injuries can also trigger the development of tinnitus, as altered somatosensory input can affect auditory pathways and lead to tinnitus or modulate its intensity...
March 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807796/mechanical-damage-of-tympanic-membrane-in-relation-to-impulse-pressure-waveform-a-study-in-chinchillas
#17
Rong Z Gan, Don Nakmali, Xiao D Ji, Kegan Leckness, Zachary Yokell
Mechanical damage to middle ear components in blast exposure directly causes hearing loss, and the rupture of the tympanic membrane (TM) is the most frequent injury of the ear. However, it is unclear how the severity of injury graded by different patterns of TM rupture is related to the overpressure waveforms induced by blast waves. In the present study, the relationship between the TM rupture threshold and the impulse or overpressure waveform has been investigated in chinchillas. Two groups of animals were exposed to blast overpressure simulated in our lab under two conditions: open field and shielded with a stainless steel cup covering the animal head...
October 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791926/-clinical-and-molecular-analysis-of-two-chinese-siblings-with-cockayne-syndrome
#18
Zhizi Zhou, Li Liu, Moling Wu, Hongsheng Liu, Yanna Cai, Huiying Sheng, Xiuzhen Li, Jing Cheng, Duan Li, Yonglan Huang
OBJECTIVE: Cockayne syndrome is a rare disease and difficult to be recognized. This study aimed to expand the knowledge of the clinical and molecular characteristics of the children with Cockayne syndrome (CS). METHOD: Clinical data of two siblings with classic CS of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2013 to November 2014 were obtained and analyzed. The whole DNA of peripheral blood was collected from two CS siblings and their parents. Amplification of all exons and adjacent introns for ERCC6 gene was conducted using PCR, and measurement of reaction product was performed to find mutation sites by two-way sequencing...
January 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26599238/radioprotective-effect-of-aminothiol-prc-210-on-irradiated-inner-ear-of-guinea-pig
#19
Arnaud P J Giese, Jess G Guarnaschelli, Jonette A Ward, Daniel I Choo, Saima Riazuddin, Zubair M Ahmed
Radiotherapy of individuals suffering with head & neck or brain tumors subserve the risk of sensorineural hearing loss. Here, we evaluated the protective effect of Aminothiol PrC-210 (3-(methyl-amino)-2-((methylamino)methyl)propane-1-thiol) on the irradiated inner ear of guinea pigs. An intra-peritoneal or intra-tympanic dose of PrC-210 was administered prior to receiving a dose of gamma radiation (3000 cGy) to each ear. Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABRs) were recorded one week and two weeks after the radiation and compared with the sham animal group...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522201/post-traumatic-bilateral-facial-paralysis-associated-with-temporal-bone-fracture
#20
Syed Shahid Habib, Fawzia Al Rouq, Imran Meo
Bilateral traumatic facial paralysis is a very rare clinical condition. Loss of taste sensation, associated with bilateral traumatic paralysis, is even rarer and has not been well described in the literature. In this report, a 23-year old male, who developed bilateral facial paralysis with loss of taste sensation and hearing impairment, following a motor vehicle accident, is presented. He had initially presented with unconsciousness for about 2 hours after he sustained closed head injury after a motor vehicle accident...
October 2015: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
keyword
keyword
24352
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"