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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532142/a-case-of-advanced-unicentric-retroperitoneal-castleman-s-disease-associated-with-psoriasis
#1
Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi, Ramesh Omranipur, Fereshteh Ensani, Alireza Ghannadan, Shahriar Shahriaran, Farhad Samiee, Zahra Sedighi
We present here a 32-year-old male with advanced lately diagnosed, right sided retroperitoneal mass, which had been already treated due to progressive muco-cutaneous lesions clinically consistent with psoriasis, during recent four years. The advanced retroperitoneal mass resected surgically and reported as hyaline-vascular castleman disease with a dense focus of coarse calcification, on histopathology. Association of psoriasis and castlman disease is discussed in this case report.
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532133/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-different-stages-of-breast-cancer
#2
Fezzeh Elyasinia, Mohammad Reza Keramati, Farham Ahmadi, Susan Rezaei, Mohammad Ashouri, Reza Parsaei, Maryam Yaghoubi, Fahimeh Elyasinia, Armita Aboutorabi, Ahmad Kaviani
Despite many advances in the treatment of breast cancer, it is still the second most common cause of death in women in the United States. It has been shown that inflammation plays a major role in the treatment of these cancers and inflammatory factors enhance tumor growth, invasion, metastasis, and vascularization. In this study, we would like to analyze peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in breast cancer patients and its correlation with disease staging. This cross-sectional analytic study was conducted in Imam Hospital, affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences; a total of 195 female patients with breast cancer met the inclusion criteria...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532096/preparation-of-nanocrystalline-forsterite-by-combustion-of-different-fuels-and-their-comparative-in-vitro-bioactivity-dissolution-behaviour-and-antibacterial-studies
#3
Rajan Choudhary, Prasanth Manohar, Jana Vecstaudza, Maria Josefa Yáñez-Gascón, Horacio Pérez Sánchez, Ramesh Nachimuthu, Janis Locs, Sasikumar Swamiappan
This study presents different fuels (Glycine and Urea) that can be used to synthesize nanocrystalline forsterite by the sol-gel combustion method. The weight change of precursor during thermal treatment was studied by thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). Pure forsterite was characterized by heating microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The HAP (hydroxyapatite) deposition ability, degradation and dissolution behaviour of forsterite was examined in simulated body fluid (SBF)...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532074/highly-effective-cu-zn-carbon-micro-nanofiber-polymer-nanocomposite-based-wound-dressing-biomaterial-against-the-p-aeruginosa-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-strains
#4
Mohammad Ashfaq, Nishith Verma, Suphiya Khan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is the most prevalent bacteria in the infections caused by burn, surgery, and traumatic injuries. Emergence of the P. aeruginosa bacterial resistance against various clinical drugs for wound treatment is the major concern nowadays. The present study describes the synthesis of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) polymeric composite film (~0.2mm thickness) reinforced with the Cu/Zn bimetal-dispersed activated carbon micro/nanofiber (ACF/CNF), as a wound dressing material...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532065/in-vitro-performance-of-ag-incorporated-hydroxyapatite-and-its-adhesive-porous-coatings-deposited-by-electrostatic-spraying
#5
Ozkan Gokcekaya, Thomas J Webster, Kyosuke Ueda, Takayuki Narushima, Celaletdin Ergun
Bacterial infection of implanted materials is a significant complication that might require additional surgical operations for implant retrieval. As an antibacterial biomaterial, Ag-containing hydroxyapatite (HA) may be a solution to reduce the incidences of implant associated infections. In this study, pure, 0.2mol% and 0.3mol% Ag incorporated HA powders were synthesized via a precipitation method. Colloidal precursor dispersions prepared from these powders were used to deposit porous coatings onto titanium and stainless steel substrates via electrostatic spraying...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532061/wound-healing-effect-of-bioactive-ion-released-from-mg-smectite
#6
Yu Sasaki, Gulsan Ara Sathi, Osamu Yamamoto
Bioactive ions like Mg(2+) and Si(4+) have been known as promotion factors of tissue regeneration. In the present work, Mg-smectite, consisting of Mg(2+) and Si(4+) ions, was synthesized by a solution process, and evaluated for the efficiency of the powder on wound healing in rats. White precipitates were obtained by mixing a magnesium chloride hexahydrate solution and a sodium silicate hexahydrate solution at room temperature. The precipitates mixed with a NaOH aqueous solution were subjected to hydrothermal reaction, and finally crystalline Mg-smectite powder was obtained...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531989/mechanical-behaviour-of-biodegradable-az31-magnesium-alloy-after-long-term-in-vitro-degradation
#7
Isaiah Adekanmbi, Christopher Z Mosher, Helen H Lu, Mathis Riehle, Haytham Kubba, K Elizabeth Tanner
Biodegradable magnesium alloys including AZ31 are exciting candidates for temporary implants as they eliminate the requirement for surgical removal, yet have higher mechanical properties than degradable polymers. However, the very long term mechanical properties and degradation of these alloys have not been fully characterized. The tensile, bending and corrosion behaviour of biodegradable AZ31 Mg alloy specimens have been investigated for up to 9months in vitro in phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Small AZ31 Mg specimens showed a significant drop in bend yield strength and modulus after 3months in vitro degradation and an average mass loss of 6...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531938/indication-of-surgical-management-of-vestibular-schwannoma-in-the-older-age-group-mysteries-still-unsolved
#8
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Gaurav Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531930/in-reply-to-optimal-strategy-to-control-surgical-site-infection-following-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-adequate-management-of-risk-factors-topical-application-of-vancomycin-powder-in-the-surgical-wound-and-preoperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531929/optimal-strategy-to-control-surgical-site-infection-following-deep-brain-stimulation-surgery-adequate-management-of-risk-factors-topical-application-of-vancomycin-powder-in-the-surgical-wound-and-preoperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531928/in-reply-to-ways-to-improve-outcomes-of-traumatic-acute-spinal-cord-injury-integrated-approaches-of-improved-prehospital-care-the-adoption-of-synergistic-medical-and-surgical-intervention-along-with-care-for-associated-systemic-injury-and-rehabilitation-and
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531927/ways-to-improve-outcomes-of-traumatic-acute-spinal-cord-injury-integrated-approaches-of-improved-prehospital-care-the-adoption-of-synergistic-medical-and-surgical-intervention-along-with-care-for-associated-systemic-injury-and-rehabilitation-and-social-inclusion
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531912/from-bench-to-market-preparing-human-pluripotent-stem-cells-derived-cardiomyocytes-for-various-applications
#13
REVIEW
Sung-Hwan Moon, Daekyeong Bae, Taek-Hee Jung, Eun-Bin Chung, Young-Hoon Jeong, Soon-Jung Park, Hyung-Min Chung
Human cardiomyocytes (CMs) cease to proliferate and remain terminally differentiated thereafter, when humans reach the mid-20s. Thus, any damages sustained by myocardium tissue are irreversible, and they require medical interventions to regain functionality. To date, new surgical procedures and drugs have been developed, albeit with limited success, to treat various heart diseases including myocardial infarction. Hence, there is a pressing need to develop more effective treatment methods to address the increasing mortality rate of the heart diseases...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531885/fetal-treatment-2017-the-evolution-of-fetal-therapy-centers-a-joint-opinion-from-the-international-fetal-medicine-and-surgical-society-ifmss-and-the-north-american-fetal-therapy-network-naftnet
#14
Anita J Moon-Grady, Ahmet Baschat, Darrell Cass, Mahesh Choolani, Joshua A Copel, Timothy M Crombleholme, Jan Deprest, Stephen P Emery, Mark I Evans, Francois I Luks, Mary E Norton, Greg Ryan, Kuojen Tsao, Ross Welch, Michael Harrison
More than 3 decades ago, a small group of physicians and other practitioners active in what they called "fetal treatment" authored an opinion piece outlining the current status and future challenges anticipated in the field. Many advances in maternal, neonatal, and perinatal care and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities have been made in the intervening years, yet a thoughtful reassessment of the basic tenets put forth in 1982 has not been published. The present effort will aim to provide a framework for contemporary redefinition of the field of fetal treatment, with a brief discussion of the necessary minimum expertise and systems base for the provision of different types of interventions for both the mother and fetus...
May 23, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531870/an-unusual-case-of-jaundice-biliary-tumor-thrombus-in-fibrolamellar-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Jairo A Espinosa, Alex Merlo, Mohamed-Omar Arafeh, Gitonga Munene
BACKGROUND: Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a rare and unique variant of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) whose presentation remains inadequately described. We present a resectable case of FL-HCC which involved tumor thrombus of the common bile duct. PRESENTATION: A 27 year-old male presenting with jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting, hepatic dysfunction and hyperbilirubinemia was found to have a large liver mass and lymphadenopathy on preoperative imaging...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531801/ace-2-ang1-7-mas-cascade-mediates-ace-inhibitor-captopril-protective-effects-in-estrogen-deficient-osteoporotic-rats
#16
Hatem M Abuohashish, Mohammed M Ahmed, Dina Sabry, Mahmoud M Khattab, Salim S Al-Rejaie
The local role of the renin angiotensin system (RAS) was documented recently beside its conventional systemic functions. Studies showed that the effector angiotensin II (AngII) alters bone health, while inhibition of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE-1) preserved these effects. The newly identified Ang1-7 exerts numerous beneficial effects opposing the AngII. Thus, the current study examines the role of Ang1-7 in mediating the osteo-preservative effects of ACEI (captopril) through the G-protein coupled Mas receptor using an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of osteoporosis...
May 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531564/protein-and-energy-intake-improved-by-breakfast-intervention-in-hospital
#17
T Beermann, M N Mortensen, L B Skadhauge, R H Høgsted, H H Rasmussen, Mette Holst
BACKGROUND/AIM: Undernutrition affects about 40% of patients in hospitals. Ordinary food is recommended as the first choice to prevent and correct undernutrition. Meanwhile, sufficient intake, especially regarding protein, is difficult to reach, in patients at nutritional risk. The aim of this study was to improve protein intake at breakfast to at least 20% of total daily requirement or at least 20 g. METHODS: A protein rich breakfast including 20 g of protein was served in the departments of heart and lung surgery and vascular surgery for three months...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531563/what-do-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-report-as-a-usual-dietary-intake-a-narrative-review-of-available-evidence
#18
Cathy M Harbury, Elisabeth E Verbruggen, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In several developed countries, as obesity prevalence doubles it has quadrupled for morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kgm(-2)). As more individuals with morbid obesity present for weight loss treatment there is a greater need to understand their dietary habits. No reviews were found in the literature, therefore this systematic review aims to identify and describe the existing evidence on the usual dietary intake of individuals with morbid obesity including those from a general population and those seeking treatment such as weight loss surgery...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531451/new-laparoscopic-assisted-percutaneous-gastrostomy-description-and-comparison-with-others-gastrostomy-types
#19
Pilar Serrano Aguayo, Noelia Gros Herguido, Juana Parejo Campos, Antonio Barranco Moreno, María Del Castillo Tous Romero, José Luis Pereira Cunill, Isaías Alarcón Del Agua, María Socas Macias, Pedro Pablo García Luna, Salvador Morales Conde
INTRODUCTION: Gastrostomy feeding tube insertion has become a common procedure as it enables patients who require long term enteral feeding. Conventional surgical gastrostomies were the only way of gaining enteral access in patients in which it is not possible to pass an endoscope or a nasogastric tube required for endoscopic or radiological gastrostomies, and in patients in which certain anatomical abnormalities contraindicate performing these techniques. As conventional surgical gastrostomies are associated with high morbidity, especially gastric leakage around the tube, percutaneous laparoscopic assisted gastrostomy (PLAG) may be a better way to gain enteral access...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531450/estimating-energy-expenditure-in-vascular-surgery-patients-are-predictive-equations-accurate-enough
#20
J Suen, J M Thomas, C L Delaney, J I Spark, M D Miller
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is prevalent in vascular surgical patients who commonly seek tertiary care at advanced stages of disease. Adjunct nutrition support is therefore pertinent to optimise patient outcomes. To negate consequences related to excessive or suboptimal dietary energy intake, it is essential to accurately determine energy expenditure and subsequent requirements. This study aims to compare resting energy expenditure (REE) measured by indirect calorimetry, a commonly used comparator, to REE estimated by predictive equations (Schofield, Harris-Benedict equations and Miller equation) to determine the most suitable equation for vascular surgery patients...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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