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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787594/is-community-led-total-sanitation-connected-to-the-rebuilding-of-latrines-quantitative-evidence-from-mozambique
#1
Hans-Joachim Mosler, Sebastian Mosch, Miriam Harter
To reduce open defecation, many implementers use the intervention strategies of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). But CLTS focuses on latrine construction and does not include latrine maintenance and repair damage or collapse. Some households rebuild their latrine while others return to open defecation. The reasons why are unknown. Using data from a cross-sectional survey, this article shows how physical, personal, and social context factors and psychosocial factors from the RANAS model are associated with CLTS participation, and how these factors connect to latrine rebuilding...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776620/physical-neighborhood-and-social-environment-beliefs-about-sleep-sleep-hygiene-behaviors-and-sleep-quality-among-african-americans
#2
Soohyun Nam, Robin Whittemore, Sunyoung Jung, Carl Latkin, Trace Kershaw, Nancy S Redeker
OBJECTIVES: African Americans (AAs) have a higher prevalence of sleep disorders than other racial/ethnic groups. However, little is known about the relationships among individual and neighborhood factors related to sleep quality in AAs. The purposes of this study were to (1) describe beliefs about sleep, sleep hygiene behaviors, and sleep quality among AAs; and (2) examine the relationships among sociodemographic characteristics, neighborhood environment, beliefs about sleep, sleep hygiene behaviors, and sleep quality...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775833/community-social-capital-and-inequality-in-depressive-symptoms-among-older-japanese-adults-a-multilevel-study
#3
Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
Although studies have suggested that community social capital contributes to narrow income-based inequality in depression, the impacts may depend on its components. Our multilevel cross-sectional analysis of data from 42,208 men and 45,448 women aged 65 years or older living in 565 school districts in Japan found that higher community-level civic participation (i.e., average levels of group participation in the community) was positively associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms among the low-income groups, independent of individual levels of group participation...
May 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773322/polarization-of-the-vaccination-debate-on-facebook
#4
Ana Lucía Schmidt, Fabiana Zollo, Antonio Scala, Cornelia Betsch, Walter Quattrociocchi
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy has been recognized as a major global health threat. Having access to any type of information in social media has been suggested as a potential influence on the growth of anti-vaccination groups. Recent studies w.r.t. other topics than vaccination show that access to a wide amount of content through the Internet without intermediaries resolved into major segregation of the users in polarized groups. Users select information adhering to theirs system of beliefs and tend to ignore dissenting information...
May 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771373/neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-sleep-outcomes-in-the-native-hawaiian-and-pacific-islander-national-health-interview-survey
#5
Marielle C Young, Monica W Gerber, Tayla Ash, Christine M Horan, Elsie M Taveras
Study Objective: Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) have the lowest attainment of healthy sleep duration among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States. We examined associations of neighborhood social cohesion with sleep duration and quality. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 2,464 adults in the NHPI National Health Interview Survey (2014). Neighborhood social cohesion was categorized as a continuous and categorical variable into low (<12), medium (12-14) and high (>15) according to tertiles of the distribution of responses...
May 16, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#6
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757870/changing-clinical-practice-evaluation-of-implementing-recommendations-for-opportunistic-salpingectomy-in-british-columbia-and-ontario
#7
Bryn Lander, Elizabeth Wilcox, Jessica N McAlpine, Sarah J Finlayson, David G Huntsman, Dianne Miller, Gillian E Hanley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the factors that contributed to the adoption of opportunistic salpingectomies (removal of fallopian at the time of hysterectomy or in lieu of tubal ligation) by gynecologic surgeons in British Columbia (where a knowledge translation initiative took place) and in Ontario (a comparator where no knowledge translation initiative took place). We aimed to understand why the knowledge translation initiative undertaken by OVCARE in British Columbia resulted in such a dramatic uptake in opportunistic salpingectomy...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755928/the-effects-of-social-support-on-strenuous-physical-exercise
#8
Arran Davis, Emma Cohen
In humans, socio-environmental cues play an important role in determining adaptive psychophysiological states and behaviours. In sport and exercise, cues to cohesive groups and close, supportive relationships are ubiquitous, possibly because of their effects on neurobiological mechanisms underlying physical performance. Clinical research has shown that the presence of supportive others can lead to reductions in perceptions of pain, while research from sport and exercise science has shown that pain and physical fatigue occupy ranges on a single spectrum of physical discomfort, which works to regulate outputs during strenuous physical exertion...
2018: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#9
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755049/developing-a-productive-workgroup-within-a-community-coalition-transtheoretical-model-processes-stages-of-change-and-lessons-learned
#10
Heather A Finnegan, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Emily Blejwas, Alethea Hill, Donald Ponquinette, Shearie Archer, Marlena Kelley, Matt Allison
BACKGROUND: Addressing complex problems such as health disparities requires collaboration among individuals and agencies. Yet, methods by which productive and cohesive community-based volunteer workgroups are developed and activated to improve health outcomes are often not discussed. OBJECTIVE: Using the transtheoretical model (TTM) as a framework, we discuss effective processes for developing an action-oriented community-based workgroup committed to producing evidence-based information relevant to health policy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718249/perceived-neighborhood-safety-social-cohesion-and-psychological-health-of-older-adults
#11
Yeon Jin Choi, Christina Matz-Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715609/the-impact-of-pre-and-perinatal-factors-on-psychopathology-in-adulthood
#12
Cecilia A Essau, Satoko Sasagawa, Peter M Lewinsohn, Paul Rohde
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that pre- and post-natal factors are associated with a wide range of psychopathology in offspring during childhood and adolescence. OBJECTIVE: The main aims of the present study were to examine the associations between pre- and perinatal factors and psychopathology in offspring during adulthood, and to explore whether family factors (i.e., family cohesion, mother's social support, and father's social support) mediate these relationships...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714963/green-space-visits-among-adolescents-frequency-and-predictors-in-the-piama-birth-cohort-study
#13
Lizan D Bloemsma, Ulrike Gehring, Jochem O Klompmaker, Gerard Hoek, Nicole A H Janssen, Henriëtte A Smit, Judith M Vonk, Bert Brunekreef, Erik Lebret, Alet H Wijga
BACKGROUND: Green space may influence health through several pathways, for example, increased physical activity, enhanced social cohesion, reduced stress, and improved air quality. For green space to increase physical activity and social cohesion, spending time in green spaces is likely to be important. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether adolescents visit green spaces and for what purposes. Furthermore, we assessed the predictors of green space visits. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data for 1911 participants of the Dutch PIAMA (Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy) birth cohort were analyzed...
April 30, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714006/behavioral-synchronization-and-affiliation-dogs-exhibit-human-like-skills
#14
Charlotte Duranton, Florence Gaunet
Behavioral synchronization is evolutionary adaptive, fostering social cohesion. In humans, affiliation between partners is associated with a high level of behavioral synchronization; people show increased affiliation towards people who synchronize with them. Surprisingly, until recently, little was known about these phenomena at an interspecific level, which is, however, essential to better understand the respective roles of evolution and ontogeny. After presenting why dog-human dyads are a relevant biological model to study this field of social cognition, we review the recent findings about dog-human behavioral synchronization...
April 30, 2018: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700071/defining-the-human-envirome-an-omics-approach-for-assessing-the-environmental-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#15
REVIEW
Daniel W Riggs, Ray A Yeager, Aruni Bhatnagar
Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease, but in comparison with genetics, environmental factors have received less attention. Evaluation of environmental determinants of cardiovascular disease is limited by the lack of comprehensive omics approaches for integrating multiple environmental exposures. Hence, to understand the effects of the environment as a whole (envirome), it is important to delineate specific domains of the environment and to assess how, individually and collectively; these domains affect cardiovascular health...
April 27, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697314/productive-aging-via-volunteering-does-social-cohesion-influence-level-of-engagement
#16
Kimberly J Johnson, Kenzie Latham-Mintus, Judith L Poey
This study investigated whether neighborhood social cohesion influenced volunteer intensity over two years. The sample was drawn from Health and Retirement Study respondents who completed the 2010 or 2012 Psychosocial and Lifestyle Questionnaire (n = 12,929). Results showed that compared to nonvolunteers, a one-unit increase in neighborhood social cohesion increased the odds of moderate (OR: 1.07, p < .05) and high volunteering (OR: 1.10, p < .001). However, other productive roles, social contact, and education were significant in distinguishing high intensity from moderate volunteering while neighborhood social cohesion was not...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696553/associations-between-neighborhood-characteristics-social-cohesion-and-perceived-sex-partner-risk-and-non-monogamy-among-hiv-seropositive-and-hiv-seronegative-women-in-the-southern-u-s
#17
Danielle F Haley, Gina M Wingood, Michael R Kramer, Regine Haardörfer, Adaora A Adimora, Anna Rubtsova, Andrew Edmonds, Neela D Goswami, Christina Ludema, DeMarc A Hickson, Catalina Ramirez, Zev Ross, Hector Bolivar, Hannah L F Cooper
Neighborhood social and physical factors shape sexual network characteristics in HIV-seronegative adults in the U.S. This multilevel analysis evaluated whether these relationships also exist in a predominantly HIV-seropositive cohort of women. This cross-sectional multilevel analysis included data from 734 women enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study's sites in the U.S. South. Census tract-level contextual data captured socioeconomic disadvantage (e.g., tract poverty), number of alcohol outlets, and number of non-profits in the census tracts where women lived; participant-level data, including perceived neighborhood cohesion, were gathered via survey...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692287/measuring-disorganized-speech-in-schizophrenia-automated-analysis-explains-variance-in-cognitive-deficits-beyond-clinician-rated-scales
#18
K S Minor, J A Willits, M P Marggraf, M N Jones, P H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Conveying information cohesively is an essential element of communication that is disrupted in schizophrenia. These disruptions are typically expressed through disorganized symptoms, which have been linked to neurocognitive, social cognitive, and metacognitive deficits. Automated analysis can objectively assess disorganization within sentences, between sentences, and across paragraphs by comparing explicit communication to a large text corpus. METHOD: Little work in schizophrenia has tested: (1) links between disorganized symptoms measured via automated analysis and neurocognition, social cognition, or metacognition; and (2) if automated analysis explains incremental variance in cognitive processes beyond clinician-rated scales...
April 25, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688557/social-work-grand-challenges-leaders-perceptions-of-the-potential-for-partnering-with-business
#19
Ashley Long
Social work's ability to address complex societal problems such as those identified in the American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare's Grand Challenges for Social Work is reliant on being innovative in how we prepare social workers and how we collaborate with others, including business. This research seeks to understand how leaders of major social work organizations perceive potential partnership with the business sector-including both possible threats and opportunities. Interviews were conducted with those serving on the Council on Social Work Education's Leadership Roundtable...
April 23, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687290/hiv-stigma-mediates-the-association-between-social-cohesion-and-consistent-condom-use-among-female-sex-workers-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic
#20
Maria Augusta Carrasco, Trang Q Nguyen, Clare Barrington, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan
Evidence indicates that social cohesion is a successful strategy to improve consistent condom use (CCU) among female sex workers. However, the individual and layered or combined effect that various types of overlapping stigmas may have on CCU between female sex workers living with HIV and their clients and steady partners has not been analyzed. Drawing on the Abriendo Puertas cohort of female sex workers living with HIV in the Dominican Republic, we used structural equation modeling to test the hypothesis that both HIV stigma and sex work stigma mediate the association between social cohesion and CCU and that they have a layered effect...
April 23, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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