keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social cohesion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647008/trajectories-of-neighborhood-cohesion-in-childhood-and-psychotic-and-depressive-symptoms-at-age-13-and-18-years
#1
Francesca Solmi, Ian Colman, Murray Weeks, Glyn Lewis, James B Kirkbride
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse social environments has been associated with psychotic and depressive symptoms in adolescence in cross-sectional studies, but the longitudinal relation is unclear. This study examined whether longitudinal trajectories of exposure to adverse social environments across childhood are associated with psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms in adolescence. METHOD: Data on participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) were used to estimate longitudinal trajectories of childhood exposure to neighborhood cohesion (NC), discord (ND), and stress (NS) using latent class growth modeling...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642208/assessing-the-efficacy-of-imagery-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Peter M McEvoy, Michelle L Moulds, Jessica R Grisham, Emily A Holmes, David A Moscovitch, Delia Hendrie, Lisa M Saulsman, Ottmar V Lipp, Robert T Kane, Ronald M Rapee, Matthew P Hyett, David M Erceg-Hurn
Cognitive behavior group therapy (CBGT) is effective for social anxiety disorder (SAD), but a substantial proportion of patients do not typically achieve normative functioning. Cognitive behavioral models of SAD emphasize negative self-imagery as an important maintaining factor, and evidence suggests that imagery is a powerful cognitive mode for facilitating affective change. This study will compare two group CBGT interventions, one that predominantly uses verbally-based strategies (VB-CBGT) and another that predominantly uses imagery-enhanced strategies (IE-CBGT), in terms of (a) efficacy, (b) mechanisms of change, and (c) cost-effectiveness...
June 19, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641585/cancer-bereaved-siblings-positive-and-negative-memories-and-experiences-of-illness-and-death-a-nationwide-follow-up
#3
Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Malin Lövgren, Alexandra Eilegård Wallin, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore bereaved siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of their brother's or sister's illness and death. METHOD: In our nationwide Swedish study, 174 of 240 (73%) bereaved siblings participated, and 70% responded to two open-ended statements, which focused on siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of illness and death. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The bereaved siblings' responses were categorized into four different themes: (1) endurance versus vulnerability, (2) family cohesion versus family conflicts, (3) growth versus stagnation, and (4) professional support versus lack of professional support...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640685/understanding-and-improving-arterial-roads-to-support-public-health-and-transportation-goals
#4
Carolyn McAndrews, Keshia M Pollack, David Berrigan, Andrew L Dannenberg, Ed J Christopher
Arterials are types of roads designed to carry high volumes of motorized traffic. They are an integral part of transportation systems worldwide and exposure to them is ubiquitous, especially in urban areas. Arterials provide access to diverse commercial and cultural resources, which can positively influence community health by supporting social cohesion as well as economic and cultural opportunities. They can negatively influence health via safety issues, noise, air pollution, and lack of economic development...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622403/using-network-sampling-and-recruitment-data-to-understand-social-structures-related-to-community-health-in-a-population-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-puerto-rico
#5
Mayra Coronado-García, Courtney R Thrash, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Robin Gauthier, Juan Carlos Reyes, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
OBJECTIVE: This research examined the social network and recruitment patterns of a sample of people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in rural Puerto Rico, in an attempt to uncover systematic clustering and between-group social boundaries that potentially influence disease spread. METHODS: Respondent driven sampling was utilized to obtain a sample of PWID in rural Puerto Rico. Through eight initial "seeds", 317 injection drug users were recruited. Using recruitment patterns of this sample, estimates of homophily and affiliation were calculated using RDSAT...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616899/improving-socially-constructed-cross-cultural-communication-in-aged-care-homes-a-critical-perspective
#6
Lily Dongxia Xiao, Eileen Willis, Ann Harrington, David Gillham, Anita De Bellis, Wendy Morey, Lesley Jeffers
Cultural diversity between residents and staff is significant in aged care homes in many developed nations in the context of international migration. This diversity can be a challenge to achieving effective cross-cultural communication. The aim of this study was to critically examine how staff and residents initiated effective cross-cultural communication and social cohesion that enabled positive changes to occur. A critical hermeneutic analysis underpinned by Giddens' Structuration Theory was applied to the study...
June 14, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602852/repeated-ethanol-exposure-alters-social-behavior-and-oxidative-stress-parameters-of-zebrafish
#7
Talise Ellwanger Müller, Stenio Zimermann Nunes, Ariane Silveira, Vania Lucia Loro, Denis Broock Rosemberg
Repeated ethanol (EtOH) consumption induces neurological disorders in humans and is considered an important public health problem. The physiological effects of EtOH are dose- and time-dependent, causing relevant changes in the social behavior. In addition, alcohol-induced oxidative stress has been proposed as a key mechanism involved in EtOH neurotoxicity. Here we investigate for the first time whether repeated EtOH exposure (REE) alters the social behavior of zebrafish and influences brain oxidation processes...
June 7, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601623/the-role-of-neighborhood-economic-context-on-physical-activity-among-children-evidence-from-the-geographic-research-on-wellbeing-grow-study
#8
Yeonwoo Kim, Catherine Cubbin
Less than half of young children in the U.S. meet physical activity recommendations. While neighborhood economic context has been shown to be associated with physical activity, it is unknown whether this association varies according to family economic context. This study thus investigates whether neighborhood economic context, measured by poverty concentration and income inequality, are associated with physical activity among poor and non-poor children using data from the Geographic Research on Wellbeing study, California, 2012-2013 (N=2670)...
June 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601362/maternal-parenting-stress-and-child-perception-of-family-functioning-among-families-affected-by-hiv
#9
Marya T Schulte, Lisa Armistead, William D Marelich, Diana L Payne, Nada M Goodrum, Debra A Murphy
Mothers living with HIV (MLWH) experience stressors inherent to parenting, often within a context characterized by poverty, stigma, and/or limited social support. Our study assessed the relationship between parenting stress and child perceptions of family functioning in families with MLWH who have healthy school-age children. MLWH and their children (N = 102 pairs) completed measures addressing parenting stress and perceptions of family functioning (i.e., parent-child communication, family routines, and family cohesion)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592255/developing-a-data-driven-spatial-approach-to-assessment-of-neighbourhood-influences-on-the-spatial-distribution-of-myocardial-infarction
#10
Wahida Kihal-Talantikite, Christiane Weber, Gaelle Pedrono, Claire Segala, Dominique Arveiler, Clive E Sabel, Séverine Deguen, Denis Bard
BACKGROUND: There is a growing understanding of the role played by 'neighbourhood' in influencing health status. Various neighbourhood characteristics-such as socioeconomic environment, availability of amenities, and social cohesion, may be combined-and this could contribute to rising health inequalities. This study aims to combine a data-driven approach with clustering analysis techniques, to investigate neighbourhood characteristics that may explain the geographical distribution of the onset of myocardial infarction (MI) risk...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591148/natural-disasters-and-indicators-of-social-cohesion
#11
Aitor Calo-Blanco, Jaromír Kovářík, Friederike Mengel, José Gabriel Romero
Do adversarial environmental conditions create social cohesion? We provide new answers to this question by exploiting spatial and temporal variation in exposure to earthquakes across Chile. Using a variety of methods and controlling for a number of socio-economic variables, we find that exposure to earthquakes has a positive effect on several indicators of social cohesion. Social cohesion increases after a big earthquake and slowly erodes in periods where environmental conditions are less adverse. Our results contribute to the current debate on whether and how environmental conditions shape formal and informal institutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584722/the-shoaling-behavior-of-two-cyprinid-species-in-conspecific-and-heterospecific-groups
#12
Zhong-Hua Tang, Hui Wu, Qing Huang, Lu Kuang, Shi-Jian Fu
Mixed-species shoals of fish are frequently found in the field; however, little is known about individual-level interactions within these groups. We examined the collective motion of two cyprinid species (Chinese bream, Parabramis pekinensis, and qingbo, Spinibarbus sinensis) that occupy partially overlapping habitats but differ in social behavior (high vs low aggressiveness) and preferred flow regime (slow vs fast water velocity). We extracted measures of collective motion from video recordings of eight replicate groups of four individuals of either Chinese bream or qingbo (conspecific group) or two Chinese bream plus two qingbo (heterospecific group)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578673/team-social-cohesion-professionalism-and-patient-centeredness-gendered-care-work-with-special-reference-to-elderly-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Ann Öhman, Britt-Inger Keisu, Birgit Enberg
BACKGROUND: Healthcare organisations are facing large demands in recruiting employees with adequate competency to care for the increasing numbers of elderly. High degrees of turnover and dissatisfaction with working conditions are common. The gendered notion of care work as 'women's work', in combination with low salaries and status, may contribute to negative work experiences. There is abundant information about the negative aspects of elderly care health services, but little is known about positive aspects of this work...
June 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577087/ritual-participation-sense-of-community-and-social-well-being-a-study-of-seva-in-the-sikh-community
#14
Khushbeen Kaur Sohi, Purnima Singh, Krutika Bopanna
The study examined the impact of frequency of ritual participation on sense of community and social well-being of a minority community in India, the Sikhs. We looked at a unique ritualistic practice of the Sikhs, seva. Rituals are known to contribute toward social solidarity and cohesion as well as physical and mental well-being. In particular for a minority community, rituals help group members establish and maintain strong community networks and a unique group identity. A total of 156 members of the Sikh community (85 males; 71 females) participated in the study...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575029/new-evidence-about-the-dark-side-of-social-cohesion-in-promoting-binge-drinking-among-adolescents
#15
Juliana Gabrielle Martins, Haroldo Neves de Paiva, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Patricia Maria Zarzar, Ichiro Kawachi
Adolescence is characterized by heightened susceptibility to peer influence, which makes adolescents vulnerable to initiating or maintaining risky habits such as heavy drinking. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of social capital with longitudinal changes in the frequency of binge drinking among adolescents at public and private high schools in the city of Diamantina, Brazil. This longitudinal study used two waves of data collected when the adolescents were 12 and 13 years old. At the baseline assessment in 2013 a classroom survey was carried out with a representative sample of 588 students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554500/semantic-network-analysis-of-vaccine-sentiment-in-online-social-media
#16
Gloria J Kang, Sinclair R Ewing-Nelson, Lauren Mackey, James T Schlitt, Achla Marathe, Kaja M Abbas, Samarth Swarup
OBJECTIVE: To examine current vaccine sentiment on social media by constructing and analyzing semantic networks of vaccine information from highly shared websites of Twitter users in the United States; and to assist public health communication of vaccines. BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy continues to contribute to suboptimal vaccination coverage in the United States, posing significant risk of disease outbreaks, yet remains poorly understood. METHODS: We constructed semantic networks of vaccine information from internet articles shared by Twitter users in the United States...
June 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554166/oxytocin-facilitation-of-acceptance-of-social-advice-is-dependent-upon-the-perceived-trustworthiness-of-individual-advisors
#17
Ruixue Luo, Lei Xu, Weihua Zhao, Xiaole Ma, Xiaolei Xu, Juan Kou, Zhao Gao, Benjamin Becker, Keith M Kendrick
The neuropeptide oxytocin may increase social cohesion by making us more willing to trust others and/or to conform to their opinions. Here we investigated whether intranasal oxytocin can influence acceptance of advice given on solving everyday social problems by either individual expert (psychologist) or non-expert advisors with or without influencing their perceived likeability or trustworthiness. In a double-blind, between-subject, placebo-control design study in 160 male and female subjects, intranasal oxytocin (24IU) only significantly enhanced acceptance of advice given by female psychologists who were rated as the most trustworthy advisors...
May 23, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547801/is-higher-inequality-less-legitimate-depends-on-how-you-frame-it
#18
Susanne Bruckmüller, Gerhard Reese, Sarah E Martiny
Economic inequality is increasing both globally and in various countries around the world, and such inequality has been linked to worsening health, well-being, and social cohesion. A key predictor for whether people take action against inequality is the extent to which they perceive it as illegitimate. We investigate how two variables jointly predict the legitimization of inequality, namely the perceived magnitude of differences in economic outcomes and the way these differences are described. Two experiments (total N = 190) tested whether framing the same difference in outcomes as an advantaged group having more or as a disadvantaged group having less moderates whether higher inequality is perceived as less legitimate...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538755/different-roles-of-resilience-in-depressive-patients-with-history-of-suicide-attempt-and-no-history-of-suicide-attempt
#19
Maria C Rossetti, Adele Tosone, Paolo Stratta, Alberto Collazzoni, Valeria Santarelli, Elisabetta Guadagni, Rodolfo Rossi, Alessandro Rossi
Objective: Suicidal ideation is modulated by several risk and protective factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences between patients with a history of suicide attempt and those with no such history, with special attention to depression, interpersonal sensitivity, humiliation, and resilience. Methods: One hundred consecutively admitted patients with an index depressive episode were recruited. The Brief Symptom Inventory, Humiliation Inventory, and Resilience Scale for Adult were administered...
May 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538672/the-influence-of-neighbourhoods-and-the-social-environment-on-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-in-three-prospective-cohorts
#20
Richard J Shaw, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary, Catharine R Gale, Sebastien F M Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Manon L Dontje, Dawn A Skelton, Laura Macdonald, Geoff Der
Sedentary behaviour is an emerging risk factor for poor health. This study aimed to identify ecological determinants of sedentary behaviour, for which evidence is currently scarce. The study participants were community dwelling adults from, respectively, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (n = 271, mean age 79) and the 1930s (n = 119, mean age 83) and 1950s (n = 310, mean age 64) cohorts of the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. The outcome measure, percentage of waking time spent sedentary (sedentary time), was measured using an activPAL activity monitor worn continuously for seven days...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
24346
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"