keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Forensic Anthropology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635867/-the-investigations-into-the-amino-acid-composition-of-the-tooth-for-the-purpose-of-forensic-medical-personality-identification
#1
Yu I Pigolkin, G V Zolotenkova, P S Velenko, B N Izotov
The increasingly greater requirements for the new approaches to the forensic medical personality identification necessitate the extensive search for and the development of the precise methods enabling the experts to determine the general personality signs in the cases of mass mortality and the large number of victims with the conspicuous post-mortem changes in their appearance including those associated with putrefaction and strong fragmentation of the bodies. This article presents the analytical review demonstrating that determination of the victims' age in the combination with the analysis of the amino acid composition of dental tissues provides a promising tool for the investigations not only in the fields of archeology and anthropology but also for the purpose of personality identification in forensic medicine...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634680/stability-of-upper-face-sexual-dimorphism-in-central-european-populations-czech-republic-during-the-modern-age
#2
Šárka Bejdová, Ján Dupej, Václav Krajíček, Jana Velemínská, Petr Velemínský
One of the most fundamental issues in forensic anthropology is the determination of sex and population affinity based on various skeletal elements. Therefore, we compared the sexual dimorphism of the upper facial skeleton from a recent Czech population (twenty-first century) with that of a population from Early Modern Age Bohemia (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries). Methods of geometric morphometrics were applied. According to the results, sexual dimorphism in terms of size, shape, and form was statistically significant in both populations...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613039/sex-estimation-standards-for-medieval-and-contemporary-croats
#3
Željana Bašić, Ivana Kružić, Ivan Jerković, Deny Anđelinović, Šimun Anđelinović
AIM: To develop discriminant functions for sex estimation on medieval Croatian population and test their application on contemporary Croatian population. METHODS: From a total of 519 skeletons, we chose 84 adult excellently preserved skeletons free of antemortem or postmortem changes and took all standard measurements. Sex was estimated/determined using standard anthropological procedures and ancient DNA (amelogenin analysis) where pelvis was insufficiently preserved or where sex morphological indicators were not consistent...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612898/sex-estimation-by-femur-in-modern-thai-population
#4
T Monum, S Prasitwattanseree, S Das, P Siriphimolwat, P Mahakkanukrauh
Sex estimation is an important step of postmortem investigation and the femur is a useful bone for sex estimation by using metric analysis method. Even though there have been a reported sex estimation method by using femur in Thais, the temporal change related to time and anthropological data need to be renewed. Thus the aim of this study is to re-evaluate sex estimation by femur in Thais. 97 adult male and 103 female femora were random chosen from Forensic osteology research center and 6 measurements were applied tend to...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606333/sex-estimation-from-the-scapula-in-a-contemporary-thai-population-applications-for-forensic-anthropology
#5
Tanya R Peckmann, Shelby Scott, Susan Meek, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
The impact of climate change is estimated to be particularly severe in Thailand. Overall, the country faces an increase in surface temperatures, severe storms and floods, and a possible increase in the number of mass disasters in the region. It is extremely important that forensic scientists have access to sex estimation methods developed for use on a Thai population. The goal of this project is to evaluate the accuracy of sex estimation discriminant functions, created using contemporary Mexican and Greek populations, when applied to a contemporary Thai sample...
July 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560543/bone-and-soft-tissue-histology-a-new-approach-to-determine-characteristics-of-offending-instrument-in-sharp-force-injuries
#6
Tania Delabarde, Catherine Cannet, Jean Sébastien Raul, Annie Géraut, Marc Taccoen, Bertrand Ludes
This paper describes a new approach to determine characteristics of the implement used to inflict trauma which involves the histological analysis of exogenous particles. Based on Locard's principle "every contact leaves a trace," we decided to assess whether histological examination of bone and soft tissue around a penetrating injury (sharp force trauma) could provide evidence of the offending implement. Case reports and experimental studies have demonstrated the potential of cut mark features in bone to identify the causative implement and potentially assist in identifying the perpetrator...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558311/prevalence-of-the-number-of-cusps-and-occlusal-groove-patterns-of-the-mandibular-molars-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#7
Nayef H Felemban, Bhari S Manjunatha
A dental trait in humans can be a valuable diagnostic tool in anthropological studies for classifying and characterizing different ethnic groups. Many studies have attempted to relate the prevalence of dental morphologies with different factors. Several variations, such as variations in the size, number of cusps, and groove pattern, have been observed in the mandibular molars of diverse populations. The morphological features of the occlusal surfaces of the mandibular molars have been described by Gregory and Hellman...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549551/age-estimation-by-the-cameriere-s-normalized-measurements-cnm-of-the-single-permanent-mandibular-tooth-on-a-panoramic-radiograph
#8
Ivan Galić, Andrea Pacifici, Daniele Carbone, Luciano Pacifici, Ana Jerončić, Roberto Cameriere
In this study Cameriere's normalized measurements (CNM) of a single mandibular tooth were evaluated for age estimation on a sample of ortopantomographies (OPTs) of 2223 Italian children aged between 4 and 15years. Dental maturity was radiographically evaluated by CNM of the seven left permanent mandibular teeth (CNMi=Ai/Li, i=1,…,7); in monoradicular teeth, the distance (Ai, i=1,…,5) between the inner sides of the open apex was measured while in biradicular teeth (Ai, i=6, 7), the sum of the distances between the inner sides of the two open apices was calculated...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549544/genetic-dissection-of-five-ethnic-groups-from-punjab-north-west-india-a-study-based-on-autosomal-markers
#9
Gagandeep Singh, Indu Talwar, Harkirat Singh Sandhu, Kawaljit Matharoo, A J S Bhanwer
The present study assessed the applicability of Alu insertion elements and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in forensic identification and estimated the extent of genetic variation in five major ethnic groups of Punjab, North-West India. A total of 1012 unrelated samples belonging to Banias, Brahmins, Jat Sikhs, Khatris and Scheduled Castes were genotyped for four Alu elements (ACE, APO, PLAT, D1) and six Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms [ESR (PvuII), LPL (PvuII), HTR2A (MspI), DRD2 Taq1A, Taq1B, Taq1D]...
May 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547887/quantifying-sexual-dimorphism-in-the-human-cranium-a-preliminary-analysis-of-a-novel-method
#10
Ana M Casado
In forensic anthropology, sexually dimorphic cranial features are traditionally visually assessed and scored using an ordinal scale, which is highly subjective. This study quantifies six cranial features using original three-dimensional coordinate measurements to provide greater accuracy in sex estimation. Cranial features include supraorbital ridges, glabella, external occipital protuberance, nuchal protuberances, mastoid processes, and frontal bosses. Measurements were taken using coordinate calipers from 158 White and Black male and female crania from the Maxwell Documented Collection at University of New Mexico and Tennessee's Bass Collection...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534146/detection-of-glass-particles-on-bone-lesions-using-sem-eds
#11
Romain Montoriol, Céline Guilbeau-Frugier, Elodie Chantalat, Mathieu Roumiguié, Marie-Bernadette Delisle, Bruno Payré, Norbert Telmon, Frédéric Savall
The problem of identifying the wounding agent in forensic cases is recurrent. Moreover, when several tools are involved, distinguishing the origin of lesions can be difficult. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDS) equipment is increasingly available to the scientific and medical community, and some studies have reported its use in forensic anthropology. However, at our knowledge, no study has reported the use of SEM-EDS in forensic cases involving glass tools, whether in case reports or experiments...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511513/sexual-dimorphism-of-maxillary-sinus-a-morphometric-analysis-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#12
Ayeesha Urooge, Bharati A Patil
INTRODUCTION: Age and sex determination in forensic sciences are primary components of any skeletal analysis. As most bones used for sex determination are recovered in incomplete state, it is often necessary to use bones that are recovered intact e.g., the maxillary sinus. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) can provide precise information about complex anatomical structures, as it is characterized by rapid volumetric image acquisition with high resolution. AIM: The present study was designed to evaluate the size and volume of Maxillary Sinus (MS) in determining gender by CBCT...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511408/estimation-of-total-length-of-femur-from-its-proximal-and-distal-segmental-measurements-of-disarticulated-femur-bones-of-nepalese-population-using-regression-equation-method
#13
Laxman Khanal, Sandip Shah, Sarun Koirala
INTRODUCTION: Length of long bones is taken as an important contributor for estimating one of the four elements of forensic anthropology i.e., stature of the individual. Since physical characteristics of the individual differ among different groups of population, population specific studies are needed for estimating the total length of femur from its segment measurements. AIM: Since femur is not always recovered intact in forensic cases, it was the aim of this study to derive regression equations from measurements of proximal and distal fragments in Nepalese population...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507860/aging-and-sexual-differences-of-the-human-skull
#14
Luiz Eduardo Toledo Avelar, Márcio Alberto Cardoso, Leonardo Santos Bordoni, Lorena de Miranda Avelar, João Victor de Miranda Avelar
BACKGROUND: The aging process of the face comprises all layers: skin, subcutaneous fat, muscles, and skeleton, and the signs of aging depend mainly on which layer is mostly affected. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the aging facial skeleton, as well as establish the sexual differences, areas with a strong predisposition to resorption, and aesthetic repercussion for better treatment approach. METHODS: Skulls from the Forensic Anthropology Department of the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, were classified according to gender and age group (i...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500464/global-skin-colour-prediction-from-dna
#15
Susan Walsh, Lakshmi Chaitanya, Krystal Breslin, Charanya Muralidharan, Agnieszka Bronikowska, Ewelina Pospiech, Julia Koller, Leda Kovatsi, Andreas Wollstein, Wojciech Branicki, Fan Liu, Manfred Kayser
Human skin colour is highly heritable and externally visible with relevance in medical, forensic, and anthropological genetics. Although eye and hair colour can already be predicted with high accuracies from small sets of carefully selected DNA markers, knowledge about the genetic predictability of skin colour is limited. Here, we investigate the skin colour predictive value of 77 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 37 genetic loci previously associated with human pigmentation using 2025 individuals from 31 global populations...
May 12, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495330/relationships-between-age-and-microarchitectural-descriptors-of-iliac-trabecular-bone-determined-by-microct
#16
C Deguette, A Ramond-Roquin, C Rougé-Maillart
AIM: Estimation of age at death is a major issue in anthropology. The main anthropological histological methods propose studying the architecture of cortical bone. In bone histomorphometry, researches on metabolic bone diseases have provided normative tables for trabecular bone volume (BV/TV) according to age and gender of individuals on trans-iliac bone biopsies. We have used microCT, a non-destructive tool for measuring bone volume and trabecular descriptors to compare the French tables to a series of forensic anthropological population and if the two iliac bones could be used interchangeably...
May 8, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464294/skeletal-indicators-of-shark-feeding-on-human-remains-evidence-from-florida-forensic-anthropology-cases
#17
Michala K Stock, Allysha P Winburn, George H Burgess
This research examines a series of six Florida forensic anthropology cases that exhibit taphonomic evidence of marine deposition and shark-feeding activities. In each case, we analyzed patterns of trauma/damage on the skeletal remains (e.g., sharp-force bone gouges and punctures) and possible mechanisms by which they were inflicted during shark predation/scavenging. In some cases, shark teeth were embedded in the remains; in the absence of this evidence, we measured interdental distance from defects in the bone to estimate shark body length, as well as to draw inferences about the potential species responsible...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460352/characterization-of-nist-human-mitochondrial-dna-srm-2392-and-srm-2392-i-standard-reference-materials-by-next-generation-sequencing
#18
Sarah Riman, Kevin M Kiesler, Lisa A Borsuk, Peter M Vallone
Standard Reference Materials SRM 2392 and 2392-I are intended to provide quality control when amplifying and sequencing human mitochondrial genome sequences. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) offers these SRMs to laboratories performing DNA-based forensic human identification, molecular diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases, mutation detection, evolutionary anthropology, and genetic genealogy. The entire mtGenome (∼16569bp) of SRM 2392 and 2392-I have previously been characterized at NIST by Sanger sequencing...
April 15, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449842/critical-issues-in-the-historical-and-contemporary-development-of-forensic-anthropology-in-australia-an-international-comparison
#19
Xanthé Mallett, Martin P Evison
The aim of this brief critical qualitative analysis is to examine the development of forensic anthropology in Australia, at a time of significant change in the discipline. It will briefly summarise its historical establishment, making comparative reference to other regions-particularly the United Kingdom and United States, and the influence of the Bali Bombings of 2002, Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami of 2004 and Black Saturday Bushfires of 2009. The analysis goes on to consider key factors in research in forensic anthropology in the United States, and the development of standards and regulation in the US and UK...
March 31, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414985/sharp-and-blunt-force-trauma-concealment-by-thermal-alteration-in-homicides-an-in-vitro-experiment-for-methodology-and-protocol-development-in-forensic-anthropological-analysis-of-burnt-bones
#20
Ioana Macoveciuc, Nicholas Márquez-Grant, Ian Horsfall, Peter Zioupos
Burning of human remains is one method used by perpetrators to conceal fatal trauma and expert opinions regarding the degree of skeletal evidence concealment are often disparate. This experiment aimed to reduce this incongruence in forensic anthropological interpretation of burned human remains and implicitly contribute to the development of research methodologies sufficiently robust to withstand forensic scrutiny in the courtroom. We have tested the influence of thermal alteration on pre-existing sharp and blunt trauma on twenty juvenile sheep radii in the laboratory using an automated impact testing system and an electric furnace...
March 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
keyword
keyword
24345
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"