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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437070/large-scale-synthesis-of-carbon-shell-coated-fep-nanoparticles-for-robust-hydrogen-evolution-reaction-electrocatalyst
#1
Dong Young Chung, Samuel Woojoo Jun, Gabin Yoon, Hyunjoong Kim, Ji Mun Yoo, Kug-Seung Lee, Taehyun Kim, Heejong Shin, Arun Kumar Sinha, Soon Gu Kwon, Kisuk Kang, Taeghwan Hyeon, Yung-Eun Sung
Highly active and stable non-Pt electrocatalyst for hydrogen production has been pursed for a long time as alternative of expensive Pt catalyst. Herein we report a simple and effective approach to prepare highly stable iron phosphide (FeP) nanoparticle electrocatalyst using iron oxide nanoparticles as the precursor. A single step heating procedure of polydopamine-coated iron oxide nanoparticles leads to carbonization of dopamine coating to carbon shell and phosphidation of iron oxide to FeP, simultaneously...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437064/rapid-and-highly-sensitive-detection-of-dopamine-using-conjugated-oxaborole-based-polymer-and-glycopolymer-systems
#2
Keren Jiang, Yinan Wang, Garima Thakur, Yohei Kotsuchibashi, Selvaraj Naicker, Ravin Narain, Thomas Thundat
A conjugated polymer interface consisting of an oxaborole containing polymer and a glycopolymer was used for achieving very high selectivity in dopamine (DA) detection. The optimum binding affinity between the polymers promotes the selectivity to DA through a displacement mechanism while remaining unaffected by other structurally related analogs and saccharide derivatives. Real-time detection of DA with very high selectivity and sensitivity has been demonstrated by immobilizing the polymer conjugates on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and microcantilever (MCL) sensor platforms...
April 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437058/psychotic-and-bipolar-disorders-antipsychotic-drugs
#3
Sarah D Holder, Alaina L Edmunds, Sherri Morgan
Antipsychotic drugs block dopamine receptors and are used to manage psychosis as well as other mental illnesses that may or may not have psychotic features, such as bipolar disorders and major depressive disorder. First-generation antipsychotic drugs are more likely to cause adverse effects such as extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia. Adverse effects of second-generation antipsychotic drugs typically are related to metabolic abnormalities such as weight gain, abnormal blood glucose levels, and elevated lipid levels...
April 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436559/dopamine-d1-or-d2-receptor-expressing-neurons-in-the-central-nervous-system
#4
Xiaoyan Wei, Tengfei Ma, Yifeng Cheng, Cathy C Y Huang, Xuehua Wang, Jiayi Lu, Jun Wang
Dopamine signals mainly through D1 receptors (D1Rs) and D2 receptors (D2Rs); D1R-expressing or D2R-expressing neurons contribute to distinct reward and addictive behaviors. Traditionally, transgenic mice expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) under D1R or D2R promoters are used for fluorescent verification in electrophysiology studies, whereas Cre mice are employed for behavioral research. However, it is unknown whether the same neuronal populations are targeted in GFP and Cre mice. Additionally, while D1Rs and D2Rs are known to be expressed in different striatal neurons, their expression patterns outside the striatum remain unclear...
April 24, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436505/well-defined-functional-mesoporous-silica-polymer-hybrids-prepared-by-an-icar-atrp-technique-integrated-with-bio-inspired-polydopamine-chemistry-for-lithium-isotope-separation
#5
Yuekun Liu, Xuegang Liu, Gang Ye, Yang Song, Fei Liu, Xiaomei Huo, Jing Chen
Mesoporous silica/polymer hybrids with well-preserved mesoporosity were prepared by integrating the initiators for continuous activator regeneration (ICAR) atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) technique with the bio-inspired polydopamine (PDA) chemistry. By manipulating the auto-oxidative polymerization of dopamine, uniform PDA layers were deposited on the surfaces and pore walls of ordered mesoporous silicas (OMSs), thereby promoting the immobilization of ATRP initiators. Poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) brushes were then grown from the OMSs by using the ICAR ATRP technique...
April 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436251/sirolimus-coating-on-heparinized-stents-prevents-restenosis-and-thrombosis
#6
In-Ho Bae, Kyung Seob Lim, Dae Sung Park, Jae-Won Shim, So-Youn Lee, Eun-Jae Jang, Jun-Kyu Park, Ju-Han Kim, Myung Ho Jeong
The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of sirolimus coating on the occurrence of restenosis and thrombosis with heparinized stents. Heparin and dopamine were conjugated by chemical bonding and anchored on the stent surface by a mussel-inspired adhesion mechanism. Subsequently, sirolimus was coated with poly lactic-glycolic acid on the heparinized stent surface. The heparin was well attached to the surface, and the surface was smooth after sirolimus coating. The smoothness of the surface was maintained after expansion of the stent...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435974/-antidepressant-effects-of-the-extract-of-dendrobium-nobile-lindl-on-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-induced-depressive-mice
#7
Ning Jiang, Lin-Xi Fan, Yu-Jie Yang, Xin-Min Liu, Hai-Ying Lin, Li Gao, Qiong Wang
To investigate whether the extract of Dendrobium nobile Lindl (DNL) has an antidepressant effect on chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depressive mice, 72 BALB/c male mice were randomly divided into the control group, the CUMS model group, the extract of DNL groups (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg DNL, i.g.) and the paroxetine group (10 mg/kg, i.g.). The different doses of DNL or the paroxetine was administered orally once daily to CUMS mice for 8 weeks (containing two-week preventive medication before the modeling)...
April 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435274/hashimoto-encephalopathy-with-high-plasma-monoamine-metabolite-levels-a-case-report
#8
Sho Horikoshi, Itaru Miura, Yasuto Kunii, Satoko Asano, Keiko Kanno-Nozaki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Hirooki Yabe
Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is believed to be an immune-mediated disorder associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It was suggested that neuropsychiatric symptoms, the presence of antithyroid antibody, and good response to steroids were important for the diagnosis of HE. It has been reported that homovanillic acid (HVA) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), which are monoamine metabolites of dopamine and noradrenaline, respectively, are the possible biomarkers of neuropsychiatric diseases. We report a case of Hashimoto encephalopathy, in which we longitudinally measured the plasma levels of monoamine metabolites...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435104/drosophila-pink1-and-parkin-loss-of-function-mutants-display-a-range-of-non-motor-parkinson-s-disease-phenotypes
#9
Hannah Julienne, Edgar Buhl, David S Leslie, James J L Hodge
Parkinson's disease (PD) is more commonly associated with its motor symptoms and the related degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that PD patients also display a wide range of non-motor symptoms, including memory deficits and disruptions of their sleep-wake cycles. These have a large impact on their quality of life, and often precede the onset of motor symptoms, but their etiology is poorly understood. The fruit fly Drosophila has already been successfully used to model PD, and has been used extensively to study relevant non-motor behaviours in other contexts, but little attention has yet been paid to modelling non-motor symptoms of PD in this genetically tractable organism...
April 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435085/adolescent-changes-in-hindbrain-noradrenergic-a2-neurons-in-male-rats
#10
Laurie Pham, Madelyn R Baker, Ziasmin Shahanoor, Russell D Romeo
During adolescence, the increased susceptibility to stress-related dysfunctions (e.g., anxiety, drug use, obesity) may be influenced by changes in the hormonal stress response mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. We have previously reported that restraint stress leads to significantly prolonged HPA responses in pre-adolescent compared to adult rats. Further, pre-adolescent animals exposed to restraint show greater levels of neural activation than adults in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), a key nucleus integrating information from brain regions that coordinate HPA responses...
April 20, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434973/long-term-oral-kinetin-does-not-protect-against-%C3%AE-synuclein-induced-neurodegeneration-in-rodent-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Adam L Orr, Florentine U Rutaganira, Daniel de Roulet, Eric J Huang, Nicholas T Hertz, Kevan M Shokat, Ken Nakamura
Mutations in the mitochondrial kinase PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) cause Parkinson's disease (PD), likely by disrupting PINK1's kinase activity. Although the mechanism(s) underlying how this loss of activity causes degeneration remains unclear, increasing PINK1 activity may therapeutically benefit some forms of PD. However, we must first learn whether restoring PINK1 function prevents degeneration in patients harboring PINK1 mutations, or whether boosting PINK1 function can offer protection in more common causes of PD...
April 20, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434161/can-valproic-acid-regulate-neurogenesis-from-nestin-cells-in-the-adult-midbrain
#12
Parisa Farzanehfar, Malcolm K Horne, Tim D Aumann
Degeneration of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) causes the motor symptoms (e.g. tremor, muscle rigidity, bradykinesia, postural instability) of Parkinson's disease (PD). It is generally agreed that replacing these neurons will provide better motor symptom relief and fewer side effects than current pharmacotherapies. One potential approach to this is up-regulating endogenous DA neurogenesis in SNc. In the present study, we conducted bioinformatics analyses to identify signalling pathways that control expression of Pax6 and Msx1 genes, which have been identified as potentially important neurogenic regulators in the adult midbrain...
April 22, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433467/modeling-hypohedonia-following-repeated-social-defeat-individual-vulnerability-and-dopaminergic-involvement
#13
Samantha R Spierling, Maegan Mattock, Eric P Zorrilla
Social defeat in rodents putatively can model hypohedonia. The present studies examined models for assessing hypohedonia-like behavior and tested the hypotheses that 1) individual differences in baseline reward sensitivity predict vulnerability, and 2) defeat elicits changes in pharmacological measures of striatal dopaminergic function. Male Wistar rats (n=142) received repeated defeat (3 "triad" blocks of 3 defeats) or control handling. To determine whether defeat influenced consumption of SuperSac (glucose-saccharin) over an isocaloric, less preferred, glucose solution, a 2-choice paradigm was used...
April 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431168/identifying-new-susceptibility-genes-on-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-pathways-for-the-framing-effect-in-decision-making
#14
Xiaoxue Gao, Jinting Liu, Pingyuan Gong, Junhui Wang, Wan Fang, Hongming Yan, Lusha Zhu, Xiaolin Zhou
The framing effect refers the tendency to be risk-averse when options are presented positively but be risk-seeking when the same options are presented negatively during decision-making. This effect has been found to be modulated by the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) and the catechol-o-methyltransferase gene (COMT) polymorphisms, which are on the dopaminergic and serotonergic pathways and which are associated with affective processing. The current study aimed to identify new genetic variations of genes on dopaminergic and serotonergic pathways that may contribute to individual differences in the susceptibility to framing...
April 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430979/effect-of-physical-exercise-and-acute-escitalopram-on-the-excitability-of-brain-monoamine-neurons-in-vivo-electrophysiological-study-in-rats
#15
Eliyahu Dremencov, Kristína Csatlósová, Barbora Durišová, Lucia Lapínová, Lubica Lacinová, Daniela Ježová
Background: The antidepressant effect of physical exercise has been reported in several clinical and animal studies. Since serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine and dopamine play a central role in depression, it is possible that the beneficial effects of physical exercise are mediated via monoamine pathways. This study investigates the effects of voluntary wheel running (VWR) on the excitability of monoamine neurons. Material and methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430025/synthesis-of-dopamine-in-e-coli-using-plasmid-based-expression-system-and-its-marked-effect-on-host-growth-profiles
#16
Arunangshu Das, Anita Verma, Krishna J Mukherjee
L-Dopa and dopamine are important pathway intermediates towards the synthesis of catecholamine like epinephrine and norepinephrine from amino acid L-tyrosine. Dopamine, secreted from dopaminergic nerve cells, serves as an important neurotransmitter. We report the synthesis of dopamine by extending the aromatic amino acid pathway of E.coli DH5α by expression of 4-hydroxyphenylacetate-3-hydrolase (HpaBC) from E.coli and an engineered dopa decarboxylase (DDC) from pig kidney cell. The activity of HpaBC and DDC require 200 µM iron supplementation and 50 µM vitamin B6 respectively as additives to the growth media...
April 21, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429453/tolcapone-induces-oxidative-stress-leading-to-apoptosis-and-inhibition-of-tumor-growth-in-neuroblastoma
#17
Tyler Maser, Maria Rich, David Hayes, Ping Zhao, Abhinav B Nagulapally, Jeffrey Bond, Giselle Saulnier Sholler
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an enzyme that inactivates dopamine and other catecholamines by O-methylation. Tolcapone, a drug commonly used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, is a potent inhibitor of COMT and previous studies indicate that Tolcapone increases the bioavailability of dopamine in cells. In this study, we demonstrate that Tolcapone kills neuroblastoma (NB) cells in preclinical models by inhibition of COMT. Treating four established NB cells lines (SMS-KCNR, SH-SY5Y, BE(2)-C, CHLA-90) and two primary NB cell lines with Tolcapone for 48 h decreased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner, with IncuCyte imaging and Western blotting indicating that cell death was due to caspase-3-mediated apoptosis...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429261/localization-of-the-dopamine-receptors-of-types-1-and-2-on-the-bodies-of-pomc-expressing-neurons-of-the-arcuate-nucleus-of-the-hypothalamus-in-mice-and-rats
#18
I V Romanova, A L Mikhrina, A O Shpakov
Using immunofluorescent techniques, we have demonstrated the presence of two main types of dopamine receptors, D1 and D2, on the bodies of neurons of the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus expressing the precursor of peptides of the melanocortin family proopiomelanocortin in C57Bl/6J mice and Wistar rats. These data show close functional relationship between the dopamine and melanocortin systems of the brain and involvement of dopamine in the control of synthesis and secretion of peptides of the melanocortin family...
January 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428472/examination-of-a-method-to-determine-the-reference-region-for-calculating-the-specific-binding-ratio-in-dopamine-transporter-imaging
#19
Ayumi Watanabe, Yusuke Inoue, Yuji Asano, Kei Kikuchi, Hiroki Miyatake, Takanobu Tokushige
The specific binding ratio (SBR) was first reported by Tossici-Bolt et al. for quantitative indicators for dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging. It is defined as the ratio of the specific binding concentration of the striatum to the non-specific binding concentration of the whole brain other than the striatum. The non-specific binding concentration is calculated based on the region of interest (ROI), which is set 20 mm inside the outer contour, defined by a threshold technique. Tossici-Bolt et al. used a 50% threshold, but sometimes we couldn't define the ROI of non-specific binding concentration (reference region) and calculate SBR appropriately with a 50% threshold...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428137/jwa-antagonizes-paraquat-induced-neurotoxicity-via-activation-of-nrf2
#20
Xue Zhao, Rihua Wang, Jianping Xiong, Donglin Yan, Aiping Li, Shouyu Wang, Jin Xu, Jianwei Zhou
Paraquat (PQ), a widely used environmental toxin in agriculture, contributes to the onset and progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) by damaging neurons. The JWA gene, also known as ARL6IP5, exerts a protective effect on degenerating dopamine (DA) neurons. However, the roles of JWA in PQ-induced neuronal damage are still unknown. In our study, two neuronal cell lines (HT-22 and SH-SY5Y) and neuron-specific JWA knockout (JWA-nKO) and age-matched wild-type (JWA-nWT) mice were subjected to PQ treatment. The results indicate that PQ administration triggers the upregulation of JWA...
April 17, 2017: Toxicology Letters
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