keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lung abscess

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633709/primary-pulmonary-actinomycosis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-145-cases-in-mainland-china
#1
M Zhang, X-Y Zhang, Y-B Chen
OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding of pulmonary actinomycosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 145 cases in mainland China was conducted. RESULTS: The male:female ratio was 2.7:1. Mean age at diagnosis was 48 years (± 12). Main symptoms were cough (87.6%), expectoration (40%), blood-stained sputum (37.2%), fever (26.9%), chest pain (24.8%) and haemoptysis (16.6%). Eighty-eight (60.7%) patients had no underlying disease. Only five patients received a correct initial diagnosis; 60 patients were misdiagnosed with lung cancer, followed by pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and lung abscess...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621249/tuberculosis-masked-by-immunodeficiency-a-review-of-two-cases-diagnosed-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease
#2
Hikmet Tekin Nacaroğlu, Semiha Bahçeci Erdem, Nesrin Gülez, Canan Şule Ünsal Karkıner, İlker Devrim, Ferah Genel, Mustafa Yavuz Köker, Demet Can
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a genetically heterogeneous primary immunodeficiency that is characterized by recurrent and life-threatening infections resulting from defects in phagocyte nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase system and granuloma formation due to increased inflammatory response. The most commonly involved organs are the lungs, skin, lymph nodes, and liver due to infection. It may present with recurrent pneumonia, hilar lymphadenopathy, empyema, abscess, reticulonodular patterns, and granulomas due to lung involvement...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614268/pulmonary-and-cutaneous-infection-caused-by-nocardia-farcinica-in-a-patient-with-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Ning Zhu, Yuan Zhu, Yi Wang, Shaoshao Dong
RATIONALE: Nocardia species is known as conditional pathogenic bacteria. Disseminated infection caused by Nocardia species is rare and occurs primarily in immunosuppressed patients. Signs and symptoms of this infection are frequently nonspecific making early diagnosis and treatment difficult. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of subcutaneous and pulmonary nocardiosis due to Nocardia farcinica (N farcinica) in a patient with nephrotic syndrome who is undergoing long-term corticosteroid therapy...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595500/the-genus-patrinia-a-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemical-and-pharmacological-studies
#4
Xirui He, Fei Luan, Zefeng Zhao, Ning Ning, Maoxing Li, Ling Jin, Yu Chang, Qiang Zhang, Ni Wu, Linhong Huang
The aim of the present review is to comprehensively outline the botanical description, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Patrinia, and to discuss possible trends for the further study of medicinal plants from the genus Patrinia. The genus Patrinia plays an important role in Asian medicine for the treatment of erysipelas, conjunctival congestion with swelling and pain, peri-appendicular abscesses, lung carbuncle, dysentery, leucorrhea, and postpartum disease. More than 210 chemical constituents have been isolated and identified from Patrinia plants, especially P...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593157/early-aggressive-surgical-treatment-of-multiloculated-empyema
#5
Jong Hyun Baek, Young Uk Lee, Seok Soo Lee, Jang Hoon Lee, Jung Cheul Lee, Myeong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Empyema is the collection of purulent exudate within the pleural space. Overall, 36%-65% of patients with empyema cannot be treated by medical therapy alone and require surgery. Multiloculated empyema is particularly difficult to treat with percutaneous drainage. Therefore, we describe our experiences with early aggressive surgical treatment for rapid progressive multiloculated empyema. METHODS: From January 2001 to October 2015, we retrospectively reviewed 149 patients diagnosed with empyema who received surgery...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586598/an-unusual-pathogen-causing-native-valve-endocarditis
#6
Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil
We present the case of a gentleman who was being evaluated for restrictive lung disease and was incidentally found to have mitral valve stenosis on an HRCT. During the surgical procedure for valve replacement, he was found to have an abscess around the native mitral valve which was drained. Pus from the abscess as well as the valve tissue grew Propionibacterium acnes after holding the cultures long. The patient was treated with IV ceftriaxone with good response to therapy. While Propionibacterium acnes is known to cause prosthetic valve infections there are rare case reports with native valves...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579585/a-case-of-liver-abscess-caused-by-appendicitis-which-was-considered-to-be-drained-from-hepatobronchial-fistula
#7
Shigeo Manabe, Takayuki Yasuoka, Yuki Endo, Fumitaka Usui, Taku Yamaguchi, Tatsuzo Matsuyama, Ikuhiro Hirata, Shuji Takahashi
A 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital complaining of right lower abdominal pain. He was diagnosed with appendicitis complicated with a liver abscess and underwent an appendectomy. After antibiotic treatment following surgery, the liver abscess penetrated the right lung, which was considered to be drained from a hepatobronchial fistula. Due to the effect of drainage, the liver abscess immediately improved and the patient was subsequently discharged.
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573444/lung-lesions-during-fever-of-unknown-origin
#8
Renata Krupa, Tadeusz M Zielonka, Malgorzata Hadzik-Blaszczyk, Kazimierz A Wardyn, Katarzyna Zycinska
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) remains one of the most difficult diagnostic challenges. The causes of FUO can be various diseases located in different organs. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and nature of pulmonary lesions during FUO. One hundred and sixty one patients with FUO participated in this prospective study. We performed a detailed comprehensive history, physical examination, and a wide spectrum of tests. The most common causes of FUO were infections (39%), autoimmune conditions (28%), and neoplasms (17%)...
June 2, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559406/efflux-transporter-of-siderophore-staphyloferrin-a-in-staphylococcus-aureus-contributes-to-bacterial-fitness-in-abscesses-and-epithelial-cells
#9
Hidemasa Nakaminami, Chunhui Chen, Que Chi Truong-Bolduc, Eu Suk Kim, Yin Wang, David C Hooper
Siderophores staphyloferrin A (SA) and staphyloferrin B (SB) of Staphylococcus aureus are essential for iron acquisition in the iron-restricted environment of the host such as in subcutaneous abscesses. SA and SB are secreted by SfaA and SbnD transporters, respectively. To assess the further function of SfaA and SbnD in S. aureus fitness, we tested its effect on the murine abscess models and intracellular replication in epithelial cells. Bacterial fitness in abscesses and in epithelial cells was studied, comparing the parental strains RN6390 and MW2 and their ΔsfaA and ΔsbnD mutants using competition assays in a murine abscess models and invasion and replication assays with human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549...
May 30, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558705/disseminated-cryptococcosis-with-recurrent-multiple-abscesses-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Qiaoling Ruan, Yimin Zhu, Shu Chen, Liping Zhu, Shu Zhang, Wenhong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus neoformans is frequently present as an opportunistic pathogen mainly affecting immunocompromised populations. Disseminated C. neoformans infection in immunocompetent population is rare and usually involves lung and central nerve system. Cryptococcus from biologic samples can easily grow on routine fungal and bacterial culture media. Besides, cryptococcal latex agglutination test has been established as a reliable diagnostic tool with overall sensitivities of 93-100%...
May 30, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556943/infected-mediastinal-bronchogenic-cyst-successfully-treated-by-eus-fna-drainage-via-esophagus
#11
I O Davarashvili, Yulia Epstein, Tawfik Khoury
A 61-year old female admitted with complaints of 10 days of productive cough and fever of 38 °C. She was started on antibiotics with oral cefuroxime 500 mg and azithromycin 500 mg. An X-Ray showed mediastinal mass with an air-fluid within. The patient was referred to our institution due to a suspicion of lung abscess. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 29, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549477/surgical-and-survival-outcomes-of-lung-cancer-patients-with-intratumoral-lung-abscesses
#12
Keiji Yamanashi, Norihito Okumura, Ayuko Takahashi, Takashi Nakashima, Tomoaki Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Intratumoral lung abscess is a secondary lung abscess that is considered to be fatal. Therefore, surgical procedures, although high-risk, have sometimes been performed for intratumoral lung abscesses. However, no studies have examined the surgical outcomes of non-small cell lung cancer patients with intratumoral lung abscesses. The aim of this study was to investigate the surgical and survival outcomes of non-small cell lung cancer patients with intratumoral lung abscesses...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548570/embolic-mycotic-encephalitis-in-a-cow-following-mortierella-wolfii-infection-of-a-surgery-site
#13
Benjamin Curtis, Charlotte Hollinger, Ailam Lim, Matti Kiupel
A 5-y-old Holstein dairy cow had surgery for a suspected displaced abomasum 10 d postpartum, developed acute neurologic signs at day 19, and was found dead 21 d postpartum. At autopsy, there was a peri-incisional intramuscular abscess that communicated with the peritoneal cavity, as well as hemorrhage and malacia involving the brain, and multiple nodules in the liver, kidneys, and lungs. Fungal hyphae were seen histologically at the surgery site, on the surface of the liver, and in lesions of severe necrotizing vasculitis in the lungs, kidneys, brain, and liver...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545570/the-feasibility-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-ceus-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-cardiac-thoracic-disorders-of-dogs-and-cats
#14
N Linta, M Baron Toaldo, G Bettini, A Cordella, M Quinci, P Pey, V Galli, M Cipone, A Diana
BACKGROUND: This study describes the feasibility of Contrast Enhanced Ultrasonography (CEUS) in the diagnostic work-up of non-cardiac thoracic disorders of small animals. The second aim is to assess the usefulness of CEUS as a direct guide for sample procedures. RESULTS: Forty animals, 28 dogs and 12 cats, were included in the study. Thoracic disorders included 23 pulmonary lesions [primary carcinoma (14), lymphoma (1), sarcoma (1), histiocytic sarcoma (1), abscess (1) and pneumonia (5)] and 17 mediastinal lesions [lymphoma (8), thymoma (3), mesothelioma (1), melanoma (1), carcinomatous lymphadenopathy (1), mixsosarcoma (1), lipoma (1), and abscess (1)]...
May 25, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539038/-hepatobronchial-fistula-and-lung-abscess-after-transarterial-chemoembolization
#15
Kwanjoo Lee, Jeong Eun Song, Hyang Sook Jeong, Do Young Kim
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a common treatment modality to locally manage hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver abscess and bile duct injury are common complications of TACE. However, hepatobronchial fistula is a rare complication. Herein, we report a case of lung abscess due to hepatobronchial fistula after TACE. A 67-year-old man, who had underwent TACE 6 months ago, presented cough and bile-colored sputum. He was diagnosed with lung abscess and hepatobronchial fistula. We performed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; however, there was no improvement in his symptoms...
May 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528008/-role-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-pulmonary-infections
#16
REVIEW
C Padoin
Pulmonary infections are common and caused by a wide range of viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi. They consist of lower respiratory tract infections with community and hospital acquired acute pneumonia, bronchitis, lung abscess, fungal infections and tuberculosis. The management of these infections should be based on guidelines that take into account the microorganisms most frequently involved as a basis for empirical treatment, with identification of causative microorganisms allowing targeted treatments...
May 17, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523197/disseminated-mycobacterium-chimaera-presenting-as-vertebral-osteomyelitis
#17
Daphne M Moutsoglou, Frank Merritt, Ethan Cumbler
Mycobacterium chimaera, a member of the Mycobacterium avium complex, is a slow-growing, nontuberculous mycobacterium associated with outbreaks in cardiac-surgery patients supported on heart-lung machines. We report a case of an elderly woman on chronic prednisone who presented with a six-month history of worsening chronic back pain, recurrent low-grade fevers, and weight loss. Imaging identified multilevel vertebral osteomyelitis and lumbar soft-tissue abscess. Abscess culture identified M. chimaera.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496088/-lung-abscess-with-acute-empyema-which-improved-after-performing-by-video-assissted-thoracic-surgery-including-pneumonotomy-and-lung-abscess-drainage-report-of-a-case
#18
Atsushi Gabe, Naoji Nagamine
We herein report the case of a patient demonstrating a lung abscess with acute empyema which improved after performing pnemumonotomy and lung abscess drainage. A 60-year-old male was referred to our hospital to receive treatment for a lung abscess with acute empyema. At surgery, the lung parenchyma was slightly torn with pus leakage. After drainage of lung abscess by enlarging the injured part, curettage in the thoracic cavity and decortication were performed. The postoperative course was uneventful. Direct drainage of an abscess into the thoracic cavity is thought to be a choice for the treatment of lung abscesses...
May 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478966/a-rare-case-of-multiple-brain-abscess-and-probably-disseminated-phaeohyphomycosis-due-to-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-an-immunosuppressed-individual-from-india
#19
S Lahiri Mukhopadhyay, A Mahadevan, V H Bahubali, R Dawn Bharath, A R Prabhuraj, S Maji, N Siddaiah
Cladophialophora bantiana, a dematiaceous neurotropic mold causes rare and lethal brain abscess, commonly in immunocompetent hosts. We report a rare and probably a case of disseminated infection with this black mold in an immunosuppressed individual from India. A 55-year-old diabetic male presented with severe headache, blurred-vision, behavioural abnormalities, eye-pain and ear-discharge. He was undergoing treatment for hypertension, prostatomegaly and obstructive pulmonary disease. He was on steroids for the past six years for uveitis...
May 3, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462080/a-case-of-pulmonary-actinomycosis-diagnosed-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#20
Saya Nakamura, Masaaki Kusunose, Akira Satou, Kazuyoshi Senda, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Koichi Nishimura
A previously healthy 73-year-old man was hospitalized with left complicated effusion and a consolidation in the left upper lung. He underwent a chest tube insertion and was treated with clindamycin but the consolidation remained after the treatment. We subsequently performed flexible bronchoscopy but it was impossible to make a diagnosis. Three months later, the consolidation had worsened so we performed another bronchoscopy. Finally, we were able to diagnose the consolidation as pulmonary actinomycosis, and to treat the condition appropriately...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
keyword
keyword
24321
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"