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Lung abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462754/a-case-of-separation-surgery-with-drainage-tube-less-dress-esophagostomy-for-advanced-cancer-with-a-respiratory-fistula
#1
Yukinori Tanoue, Shinsuke Takeno, Fumiaki Kawano, Kousei Tashiro, Rouko Hamada, Yasuyuki Miyazaki, Atsushi Nanashima
INTRODUCTION: An esophagorespiratory fistula (ERF) can cause severe pneumonia or a lung abscess which progresses to life-threatening sepsis. A case of a patient with esophageal cancer and an esophagopulmonary fistula (EPF) who underwent separation surgery with drainage tube-less (DRESS) esophagostomy and was promptly started on definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 79-year-old man visited a clinic with a month-long history of dysphagia...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454633/long-term-sequelae-after-lung-abscess-in-children-two-tertiary-centers-experience
#2
I Wojsyk-Banaszak, K Krenke, K Jończyk-Potoczna, K Ksepko, A Wielebska, M Mikoś, A Bręborowicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical characteristic of children hospitalized with pneumonia complicated by lung abscess, as well as to evaluate the long-term sequelae of the disease. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of all patients treated for pulmonary abscess in two tertiary centers was undertaken. Pulmonary function tests and lung ultrasound were performed at a follow-up. RESULTS: During the study period, 5151 children with pneumonia were admitted, and 49 (0...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437911/developing-a-core-outcome-set-for-fistulising-perianal-crohn-s-disease
#3
Kapil Sahnan, Phil J Tozer, Samuel O Adegbola, Matthew J Lee, Nick Heywood, Angus G K McNair, Daniel Hind, Nuha Yassin, Alan J Lobo, Steven R Brown, Shaji Sebastian, Robin K S Phillips, Phillip F C Lung, Omar D Faiz, Kay Crook, Sue Blackwell, Azmina Verjee, Ailsa L Hart, Nicola S Fearnhead
OBJECTIVE: Lack of standardised outcomes hampers effective analysis and comparison of data when comparing treatments in fistulising perianal Crohn's disease (pCD). Development of a standardised set of outcomes would resolve these issues. This study provides the definitive core outcome set (COS) for fistulising pCD. DESIGN: Candidate outcomes were generated through a systematic review and patient interviews. Consensus was established via a three-round Delphi process using a 9-point Likert scale based on how important they felt it was in determining treatment success culminating in a final consensus meeting...
February 3, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437738/an-unusual-presentation-of-pulmonary-embolism-leading-to-infarction-cavitation-abscess-formation-and-bronchopleural-fistulation
#4
Eva Teng, Luke Bennett, Tommaso Morelli, Anindo Banerjee
We report an unusual presentation of pulmonary embolism (PE) where a 58-year-old man first developed symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia. Despite antibiotic therapy, he remained unwell with rising inflammatory markers, general malaise and persistent cough. He developed stony dull percussion and absent breath sounds to his left mid to lower zones. Serial chest x-rays showed progression from lobar consolidation to a large loculated left-sided pleural collection. CT chest showed left-sided lung abscess, empyema and bronchopleural fistulation...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434948/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-producing-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-with-an-associated-invasive-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas
#5
Kazuhide Shimamatsu, Yoshiki Naito, Yutaro Mihara, Masamichi Nakayama, Masahiko Tanigawa, Yushi Abe, Ken Nakamura, Toshihiro Araki, Kenji Sakata, Kazunori Noguchi, Jun Akiba, Hirohisa Yano, Osamu Nakashima
The present case study documents an autopsy case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), with an associated invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. A 65-year-old woman presented to Omuta City Hospital (Omuta Japan) with a primary complaint of abdominal pain. Multiple liver nodules and a pancreatic cyst were detected upon abdominal computed tomography. Initially, liver abscess was suspected as the patient exhibited leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424201/hereditary-hyperhomocysteinemia-associated-with-nephrotic-syndrome-complicated-by-artery-thrombosis-and-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-case-report
#6
Paolo Ruggeri, Federica Lo Bello, Francesco Nucera, Michele Gaeta, Francesco Monaco, Gaetano Caramori, Giuseppe Girbino
We present here the case of a 30-year-old man with a long term history of nephrotic syndrome (NS) who developed an episode of acute left main pulmonary artery thrombosis complicated by a lung abscess. During the hospital admission was also identified a concomitant hyperhomocysteinemia. After an atypical resection of the left upper pulmonary lobe and the starting of long term anticoagulation the patient was discharged but did not attend the planned follow up visits until one year later when he was seen again for severe dyspnea and exercise intolerance...
December 19, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416361/imported-melioidosis-in-japan-a-review-of-cases
#7
REVIEW
Yoshiro Hadano
Fourteen cases of reported melioidosis in Japan were reviewed. The mean age was 52.4 years (33-69 years), and all patients were male. All of the presumed exposures originated in Southeast Asia. The most common underlying disease was diabetes mellitus, including those patients with impaired glucose tolerance (n=8). As for mode of onset, 13 patients had acute infections and one had chronic infection. Of these 14 patients, the most common infection site on admission was lung (n=8), followed by bone (n=5), skin (n=4), gastrointestinal abscess formation (n=3), urinary tract (n=3), aorta (n=2), mediastinal lymph node swelling (n=1), and central nervous system (n=1)...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415741/elucidating-the-impact-of-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-programme-on-pneumonia-sepsis-and-otitis-media-hospital-admissions-in-england-using-a-composite-control
#8
Dominic Thorrington, Nick Andrews, Julia Stowe, Elizabeth Miller, Albert Jan van Hoek
BACKGROUND: The seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was introduced in England in September 2006, changing to the 13-valent vaccine in April 2010. PCV impact on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has been extensively reported, but less described is its impact on the burden of pneumonia, sepsis and otitis media in the hospital. METHODS: Using details on all admissions to hospitals in England, we compared the incidence of pneumococcal-specific and syndromic disease endpoints in a 24-month pre-PCV period beginning April 2004 to the 24-month period ending March 2015 to derive incidence rate ratios (IRRs)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415251/supercharged-free-omental-flap-plombage-for-empyema-in-a-patient-with-an-artificial-pericardium
#9
Isao Matsumoto, Kenji Iino, Hirofumi Takemura
Cavernostomy and fenestration were performed in a patient who developed a lung abscess and empyema in the left lung, which was damaged after multimodality therapy for advanced thymoma. The hospitalized patient suddenly experienced cardiopulmonary arrest due to major bleeding from the left main pulmonary artery. We immediately performed the main pulmonary arterial embolization, and the patient was resuscitated. Subsequently, the patient underwent supercharged free omental flap plombage performed in the following manner: first, laparoscopic harvesting of the omentum was performed in the supine position...
February 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394767/-a-case-of-rapidly-advancing-g-csf-producing-pleomorphic-carcinoma-of-the-breast-appearing-as-an-inflammatory-breast-cancer
#10
Ayumi Ogawa, Goushi Oda, Takashi Yasukawa, Yuuichi Kumaki, Noriaki Takiguchi, Keiko Suzuki, Kouichi Mori, Tsuyosi Nakagawa
We report a rare case of pleomorphic carcinoma of the breast, suspected of being a granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)producing tumor, in a 75-year-old woman. She presented with a red and swollen breast, 3 weeks after undergoing core needle biopsy(CNB). Her leukocyte counts and C-reactive protein(CRP)levels were markedly high. At first, she was suspected to have an abscess and was initiated on a course of antibiotics. However, her condition rapidly deteriorated; therefore, she underwent an emergency mastectomy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394559/-two-cases-of-laparoscopic-resection-of-colon-cancer-manifested-by-liver-abscess
#11
Motonari Ohashi, Masahiro Iwama, Shojirokazunori Ikenaga, Makoto Yokoyama
We report 2 cases of laparoscopic surgery for patients who had liver abscess as the initial manifestation of underlying colon cancer. The first case was in an 80-year-old woman who presented to our hospital with a diagnosis ofliver abscess. Percutaneous transhepatic abscess drainage(PTAD)was performed as initial treatment. Subsequent colonoscopy revealed a type 1 tumor in the cecum, and biopsy results ofthe mass indicated adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy as curative treatment...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392577/post-obstructive-pneumonia-in-patients-with-cancer-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Kenneth V I Rolston, Lior Nesher
Published literature on post-obstructive pneumonia is difficult to find and consists mainly of case reports or small case series. This entity is encountered most often in patients with advanced lung malignancy but is also occasionally seen in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). There are substantial differences in the manifestations, treatment, and outcomes of post-obstructive pneumonia in these two settings. When obstruction is present in patients with CAP, it is almost always secondary to an underlying pulmonary malignancy...
February 1, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384877/acute-appendicitis-complicated-with-necrotizing-fasciitis-in-a-patient-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease-a-case-report
#13
Zheng-Hao Huang, Yu-Chen Chiu, Li-Lu Ho, Hsiu-Lung Fan, Chun-Chi Lu
RATIONALE: Adult-onset Still disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology characterized by evanescent salmon-pink rash, spiking fever, arthralgia/ arthritis, and lymphadenopathy. AOSD sometimes was fatal when it is complicated by macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Nonetheless, the literature provides no recommendations for treatment of AOSD patients with severe sepsis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A previously healthy 65-year-old man with history of AOSD was referred to our hospital for persistent right lower quadrant abdominal pain for 2 days...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318026/broncholithiasis-associated-with-lower-airway-inflammation-and-subsequent-pyothorax-in-a-cat
#14
Ferran Valls Sanchez, Jennifer Stewart, Catherine Bovens, Jordi Puig
Case summary: A 12-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat presented with history of a long-term chronic cough that had worsened during the previous 2 months. Thoracic radiographs revealed numerous mineral opacities throughout the lung fields. Multiple bronchial plugs of pale yellow material were present on bronchoscopy, consistent with broncholithiasis. Bronchoalveolar lavage cytology revealed a mild neutrophilic inflammation and bacterial culture was negative. The cat was diagnosed with chronic inflammatory lower airway disease and broncholithiasis, suspected to be due to mineralisation of secretions in the bronchial lumen...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302564/caseous-mitral-annular-calcification-mimicking-a-lung-tumor-on-chest-x-ray
#15
Philip Dingli, Herbert Felice, Adrian Mizzi, Stephen Montefort
Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is a common condition of the mitral valve apparatus. A case involving caseous calcification, a rare variant of MAC is presented. This variant which has a benign course can present as an intracardiac mass and needs to be differentiated from more sinister causes of calcified cardiac masses such as tumor, abscess, and infective vegetation. Often, this requires multimodality imaging with echocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Features of caseous calcification of the mitral valve on these imaging modalities are reviewed as the associations and clinical features...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302305/lemierre-syndrome-a-diagnostic-dilemma-in-paediatric-patients
#16
Fatemeh Rafati, Vishal Bhalla, Varun Chillal, Mani Thyagarajan
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare disease of the head and neck, characterized by an initial infection, usually within the oropharynx, which can develop into a septic thrombophlebitis. It can involve the jugular vein, facial veins and respiratory tract. A 7-year-old child attended our institution with a 1-week history of fever and cough. Initial imaging demonstrated a large left sided empyema with multiple cavitating lung lesions and persisting pneumothoraces secondary to the development of a bronchopleural fistula...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282195/chloracne-in-a-farming-family
#17
Pragya Kushwaha, Harish Kumar, Sandeep Kulkarni, Ashok Ghorpade
An 11-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of multiple comedonal lesions distributed over his body. The lesions (Figure 1) were densely distributed throughout his body. Ophthalmologic examination revealed hyperpigmented conjunctival mucosae and enlarged meibomian glands (Figure 2). His nails were also hyperpigmented. In addition, he had been coughing and had a fever, each present for a month. Significant laboratory studies included mild anemia (hemoglobin 11.6 gm%) and leukocytosis of 20,800. A chest x-ray was suggestive of interstitial lung disease...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276230/disseminated-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infection-in-a-patient-with-anti-ifn-%C3%AE-autoantibodies
#18
Masakuni Tanimizu, Kenji Mizuno, Masayuki Hashimoto
We treated a 72-year-old Japanese female with sustained high fever and overall body exhaustion. An infectious liver cyst and right lung pneumonia were suspected causes. Hepatic cystectomy and various antibiotics did not resolve symptoms. Pneumonia exacerbation and ascitic fluid retention, left lumbar spinal osteomyelitis, and peri-gastric lymph node abscess penetrating the stomach were observed. Mycobacterium avium was identified in sputum, ascites, vertebral body abscess puncture specimen, and pus mucus secretion in the stomach...
December 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261721/the-multistep-road-to-ventilator-associated-lung-abscess-a-retrospective-study-of-s-aureus-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#19
Roman Mounier, David Lobo, Julia Voulgaropoulos, Mathieu Martin, Bouziane Aït-Mamar, Valérie Bitot, Paul-Henri Jost, Ron Birnbaum, Biba Nebbad, Fabrice Cook, Gilles Dhonneur
OBJECT: We observed some cases of lung abscess (LA) in ICU patients suffering S.aureus ventilator-associated pneumonia (S.aureus-VAP). We aimed to assess which of the host and/or bacteria-related features are associated with LA. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study from January 2009 to July 2013 in a trauma surgical ICU within a teaching hospital. All adult patients presenting with S.aureus-VAP were included. We compared two groups of patients according to the formation or not of LA concomitantly to S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260092/bilateral-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-with-septic-lung-lesions-resulting-from-a-nasal-abscess
#20
Matthew J Schear, Alexander Weiss, Rand Rodgers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
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