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Lung abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820293/lacrimal-gland-abscess-in-children-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#1
Tracy Hiu Ting Lai, Frank Hiu Ping Lai, Tommy Chung Yan Chan, Alvin Lerrmann Young, Kelvin Kam Lung Chong
Acute suppurative bacterial dacryoadenitis (ASBD) with abscess formation is rarely seen in clinical practice. A retrospective review of medical records in the past 8 years identified two unilateral cases in children, one developed presumably after methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) conjunctivitis and the other due to community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection. Computerized tomography scans showed globe indentation by the enlarged lacrimal glands with rim-enhancing lesions...
August 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817180/preventable-and-mitigable-adverse-events-in-cancer-care-measuring-risk-and-harm-across-the-continuum
#2
Allison Lipitz-Snyderman, David Pfister, David Classen, Coral L Atoria, Aileen Killen, Andrew S Epstein, Christopher Anderson, Elizabeth Fortier, Saul N Weingart
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a critical concern in clinical oncology, but the ability to measure adverse events (AEs) across cancer care is limited by a narrow focus on treatment-related toxicities. The objective of this study was to assess the nature and extent of AEs among cancer patients across inpatient and outpatient settings. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 400 adult patients selected by stratified random sampling who had breast (n = 128), colorectal (n = 136), or lung cancer (n = 136) treated at a comprehensive cancer center in 2012...
August 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812940/odontogenic-orbital-abscess-with-intracranial-and-pulmonary-involvement
#3
E Hughes, N Wynne, S Quinn, T Fulcher
A 58-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with left ptosis and complete ophthalmoplegia. Imaging demonstrated a left orbital abscess. Her past medical history included cavitatory lung disease and "aseptic" meningitis 2 months previously. An anaerobic organism and commensal of the oral flora, Peptostreptococcus sp., was cultured from the orbital abscess. The patient was found to have a carious upper molar with chronic buccal abscess, which was extracted. This case presents an uncommon pathogen arising from an odontogenic infection as the etiology for orbital abscess, cavitatory lung disease, and meningitis in one patient...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812114/-thoracic-and-abdominal-imaging-in-immunocompromised-patients
#4
REVIEW
J R Kroeger, D Maintz, D-H Chang
The number of patients with immunosuppression is rising worldwide. The spectrum of diseases and pathogens in these patients differs widely from that of immunocompetent patients due to frequent opportunistic infections. Symptoms are sometimes unspecific, and imaging plays a key role in the management of these patients. The lungs are a frequent site of infection in immunosuppressed patients. Chest X‑ray is the starting point for radiological diagnostics, but shows only limited sensitivity and specificity for infections with atypical pathogens...
August 15, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810311/-retrospective-analysis-of-13-cases-of-nocardiosis
#5
H Q Yang, H Z Shi, Z H Tong
Objective: To evaluate the clinical features, chest radiological manifestations, microbiological examination and treatments of nocardial disease. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of patients with nocardial infection admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2010 to January 2016. Results: The 13 patients, 6 males and 7 females, aged (51±17) years. Twelve cases were diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis, and 1 with disseminated nocardial infection. Most of these patients had complications: autoimmune diseases in 3 (2 with autoimmune hemolytic anemia and 1 with systemic lupus erythematosus), and bronchiectasis in 6 patients...
August 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807913/reducing-antibacterial-development-risk-for-gsk1322322-by-exploring-potential-human-dose-regimens-in-nonclinical-efficacy-studies-using-immunocompetent-rats
#6
Jennifer L Hoover, Christine M Singley, Philippa Elefante, Peter DeMarsh, Magdalena Zalacain, Stephen Rittenhouse
Directly testing proposed clinical dosing regimens in nonclinical studies can reduce risk during the development of novel antibacterial agents. Optimal dosing regimens can be identified in animal models by testing recreated human pharmacokinetic profiles. An example of this approach is presented using continuous intravenous infusions of GSK1322322 in immunocompetent rats to evaluate recreated Phase 1 human exposures in pneumonia models with Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae and an abscess model with Staphylococcus aureus GSK1322322 was administered via continuous intravenous infusion to recreate 1000 or 1500 mg oral doses every 12h in humans...
August 14, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805776/-diagnostic-and-curative-bronchoscopy-for-purulent-destructive-pulmonary-diseases
#7
T P Pinchuk, O O Yasnogorodsky, Yu V Guryanova, M V Taldykin, A S Kachikin, Yu A Catane
AIM: To assess an efficacy of diagnostic and curative bronchoscopy in patients with purulent-destructive pulmonary diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Diagnosis and treatment of 34 patients with purulent-destructive pulmonary diseases including small-focal destruction (14) and lung abscesses (19) were analyzed. 33 patients underwent diagnostic fibrobronchoscopy (FBS) with brush and transbronchial biopsy. Curative endoscopy included bronchial tree sanation, peribronchial administration of antibiotics (5) and transbronchial drainage of abscess (14)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790240/-successful-treatment-of-acute-empyema-due-to-rupture-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess
#8
Isamu Watanabe, Naoki Kanauchi, Hikaru Watanabe, Akira Hamada
Cases of rescue after rupture of pyogenic liver abscess into the thorax are rare. Here, we report 2 cases of rescue in patients with acute empyema due to rupture of a suppurative abscess into the thorax. Case 1:A 61-year-old male had high fever of 39 °C and right abdominal pain. Thoracic computed tomography(CT) showed encapsulated pleural effusion in the right thorax and ring-like enhancement in the right liver. The diagnosis was acute empyema caused by rupture of liver abscess. The pathogenic bacteria were Streptococcus group...
August 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765482/the-non-resolving-lung-cavity-a-case-of-pulmonary-cystic-echinococcosis
#9
Simon Mifsud, Emma Louise Schembri, Jonathan Gauci, Adrian Mizzi, Charles Mallia Azzopardi, Josef Micallef
The authors report a case of a 20-year-old woman who was diagnosed with pulmonary cystic echinococcosis. She was admitted to hospital with a 1-week history of unresolving cough, coloured sputum with occasional haemoptysis and fever despite oral antibiotics. Radiology revealed a cavitating right lower lobe lung abscess. After 4 weeks of treatment, follow-up radiology showed incomplete resolution. Bronchoscopy revealed a white, avascular cystic lesion in the right lower lobe and serology testing for Echinococcus granulosus was positive...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761803/invasive-aspergillosis-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#10
Neslihan Cicek, Nurdan Yildiz, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Ibrahim Gokce, Harika Alpay
Invasive aspergillosis caused by A. Fumigatus, almost occurs in immunocompromised hosts and has a poor prognosis. We report a case of invasive Aspergillosis in a 15-year-old boy with ESRD. He was initially diagnosed as lobar pneumonia and peritonitis. When he complained for lower extremity weakness and had convulsions, a solid mass originated from right lung compresses the spinal cord and intracranial hemorrhagic abscesses were found on MRI. The biopsy specimen showed hypae of aspergillus-spp and he died on 12th day...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751155/primary-lung-abscess-caused-by-staphylococcus-lugdunensis
#11
Deng-Wei Chou, Chao-Tai Lee
Staphylococcus lugdunensis, a strain of coagulase-negative staphylococci, is part of the normal flora of human skin but can cause multiple infections at various sites. This microorganism has emerged as a major human pathogen. However, no study has reported primary lung abscess caused by S. lugdunensis. A 54-year-old alcoholic man without relevant past medical history was admitted because of primary lung abscesses. Empirical amoxicillin/clavulanate therapy was initially administered; however, the patient had persistent pleuritic chest pain and fever...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748094/metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung-mimicking-multiple-bone-abscesses
#12
Yuki Haruta, Yuki Kataoka, Hiroshi Ito, Taro Mori, Masaki Matsuo
Squamous cell carcinoma of the lung is known to metastasize to the bones, but a presentation similar to bone abscess is rare. We encountered a case with bone metastases that mimicked bone abscess, which delayed the diagnosis of squamous cell lung carcinoma. A 67-year-old man presented with a left upper lung infiltrate and lytic lesions on the left first rib and right fifth rib. In consideration of a possible infectious process, cultures of the aspirate from the right fifth rib lesion and blood were taken; however, results were non-specific...
September 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740899/cryptic-nocardia-nova-brain-abscess-postradiation-treatment-and-neurosurgery-in-a-patient-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Stephen Abel, Shaakir Hasan, Brandon Kujawski, Aditya Talwar, James Betler, Rodney Wegner, Athanasios Colonias, Khaled Aziz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734443/lung-abscess-as-delayed-manifestation-of-pulmonary-arterial-narrowing-after-sleeve-resection
#14
Frederik S Frenzen, Thomas Lesser, Ivan Platzek, Frank-Thomas Riede, Martin Kolditz
A patient who had undergone right upper bilobectomy because of a carcinoid experienced lung abscesses 17 months after operation. After recurrences, despite different antibiotic agents, dual-energy computed tomography showed subtotal stenosis of the right lower lobe pulmonary artery with marked pulmonary perfusion-reduction. Rare causes of lung-abscesses should be considered.
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731666/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumonia-a-case-report
#15
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719983/neonatal-lemierre-syndrome-youngest-reported-case-and-literature-review
#16
Blake S Raggio, Maria C Grant, Kimsey Rodriguez, Patrick J Cripe
A previously healthy 5-week-old female was admitted for sepsis secondary to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. After several days of hospitalization, she experienced acute decompensation in mental status despite having received targeted antibiotic therapy. Imaging revealed left peritonsillar/parapharyngeal space abscess, left venous thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, and septic emboli of the lungs and brain consistent with Lemierre syndrome. Bedside needle aspiration of the parapharyngeal abscess confirmed MRSA involvement...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719956/a-case-of-ectopic-peritoneal-paragonimiasis-mimicking-diverticulitis-or-abdominal-abscess
#17
Min Jae Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Yong Sik Yoon, Kyung Won Kim, Jaeeun Cho, Jong-Yil Chai, Yong Pil Chong
Paragonimiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Paragnonimus species. The primary site of infection is the lung, and extrapulmonary involvement is also reported. When infected with Paragonimus westermani, which is the dominant species in Korea, the central nervous system is frequently involved along with the liver, intestine, peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneum, and abdominal wall. Ectopic paragonimiasis raises diagnostic challenge since it is uncommon and may be confused with malignancy or other inflammatory diseases...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717395/brain-imaging-before-primary-lung-cancer-resection-a-controversial-topic
#18
Zoe Hudson, Eveline Internullo, Anthony Edey, Isabel Laurence, Davide Bianchi, Alfredo Addeo
OBJECTIVE: International and national recommendations for brain imaging in patients planned to undergo potentially curative resection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are variably implemented throughout the United Kingdom [Hudson BJ, Crawford MB, and Curtin J et al (2015) Brain imaging in lung cancer patients without symptoms of brain metastases: a national survey of current practice in EnglandClin Radiol https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2015.02.007]. However, the recommendations are not based on high-quality evidence and do not take into account cost implications and local resources...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716481/-disseminated-nocardiosis-caused-by-nocardia-nova-with-brain-abscesses-and-osteomyelitis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#19
P-L Conan, C Ficko, F Charton, O Bylicki, H Le Floch, J Margery, F Rivière
INTRODUCTION: Nocardia is an opportunist bacteria involved in patients with cellular immunodepression or chronic lung disease. The most frequent portals of entry are the respiratory tract by inhalation or direct inoculation through a cutaneous effraction. Nocardiosis may be localised or disseminated. CASE REPORT: We report a rare case of disseminated nocardiosis to Nocardia nova with pulmonary, cutaneous, cerebral attacks and femoral osteomyelitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by prolonged cultures of the bronchoalveolar fluid and the pus extracted from a cutaneous lesion...
July 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716200/benchmarking-of-pluck-lesions-at-slaughter-as-a-health-monitoring-tool-for-pigs-slaughtered-at-170kg-heavy-pigs
#20
Annalisa Scollo, Flaviana Gottardo, Barbara Contiero, Claudio Mazzoni, Philippe Leneveu, Sandra A Edwards
Abattoir post-mortem inspections offer a useful tool for the development and monitoring of animal health plans and a source of data for epidemiological investigation. The aim of the present work was to develop an abattoir benchmarking system which provides feedback on the prevalence and severity of lesions of the pluck (lung, pleura and liver) in batches of pigs to inform individual producers and their veterinarians of the occurrence of pathological conditions affecting their herds. The weekly collection of data throughout a year (from September 2014 to September 2015) supported the further aim of providing benchmark values for the prevalence of lesions and their seasonality in Italian heavy pig production...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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