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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793126/effect-of-manual-therapy-versus-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-in-dynamic-balance-mobility-and-flexibility-in-field-hockey-players-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Gemma V Espí-López, Susana López-Martínez, Marta Inglés, Pilar Serra-Añó, Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of a specific Manual Therapy (MT) protocol applied to field hockey players (FHP), versus a Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) protocol, in the improvement of dynamic balance, active range of movement and lumbar flexibility one-week and four-weeks after the treatment. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Participants were assigned to 2 groups: MT and PNF. 30 min' sessions were performed once a week for three weeks...
April 22, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786569/-an-assessment-of-the-functional-status-in-the-neurorehabilitation-of-patients-after-ischemic-stroke
#2
Paulina Klimkiewicz, Robert Klimkiewicz, Agnieszka Jankowska, Anna Kubsik, Patrycja Widłak, Adam Łukasiak, Katarzyna Janczewska, Natalia Kociuga, Tomasz Nowakowski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In this article, the authors focused on the symptoms of ischemic stroke and the effect of neurorehabilitation methods on the functional status of patients after ischemic stroke. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the functional status of patients after ischemic stroke with improved classic kinesiotherapy, classic kinesiotherapy and NDT-Bobath and classic kinesiotherapy and PNF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study involved 120 patients after ischemic stroke...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770444/pueraria-tuberosa-extract-inhibits-inos-and-il-6-through-suppression-of-pkc-%C3%AE-and-nf-kb-pathway-in-diabetes-induced-nephropathy
#3
Rashmi Shukla, Somanshu Banerjee, Yamini B Tripathi
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The aim of this study was to explore the anti-inflammatory role of PTY-2r (extracted from Pueraria tuberosa), on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN rats. METHODS: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (55mg/kg) in rats. After 60 days, the rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6/each group), namely DN control group 2, DN rats treated with PTY-2r at dose of 100 mg/100 g, group 3 and 50 mg/100 g, group 4, p...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765591/a-case-of-periorbital-necrotizing-fasciitis-rapidly-progressing-to-severe-multiorgan-failure
#4
Paola Eiben, Sancho Rodriguez-Villar
Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis (PNF) is a severe suppurative infection of the subcutaneous tissue and underlying fascia of the periorbital region. Typically, the course of PNF is milder and has a better prognosis than that of necrotizing fasciitis in other parts of the body. As such, this disease is thought to be associated with a significantly smaller risk of morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, it is a rare and devastating condition that can lead to disfigurement, blindness and death. Early recognition is critical to improved patient outcomes...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741424/morphological-patterns-of-the-pretendinous-cord-in-dupuytren-s-disease-a-predictor-of-clinical-outcome
#5
P Vanek, J Strömberg, J Fridén, Y Aurell
The morphology of the pretendinous cord in Dupuytren's disease is poorly described in vivo and especially with respect to recurrence after treatment. This prospective study was designed to describe the morphology of Dupuytren's cords by ultrasound and to identify possible correlation between the ultrasonographic characteristics of these cords and the clinical outcomes two years after treatment. Thirty-nine patients with a contracture of at least 20° in the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint, who were scheduled for local treatment by either injectable collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) or percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF), were examined by ultrasound...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740555/a-comparative-study-on-the-recruitment-of-shoulder-stabilizing-muscles-and-types-of-exercises
#6
João Carlos Comel, Rosane Maria Nery, Eduardo Lima Garcia, Claudete da Silva Bueno, Edinara de Oliveira Silveira, Mariéle Marchezan Zarantonello, Marco Antonio Stefani
The shoulder is susceptible to disturbances caused by microtraumas due to direct contact of the surrounding skeletal structures or failure of the soft parts of the rotator cuff and other muscles inserted into the glenohumeral joint. The purpose of the study was to compare the electromyographic signal in the stabilizing muscles of the shoulder during the diagonal elevation exercise as recommended by the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) method and dumbbell exercise. This study is classified as Quase-experiment...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721460/flexibility-responses-to-different-stretching-methods-in-young-elite-basketball-players
#7
Angela Notarnicola, Fabrizio Perroni, Alessio Campese, Giuseppe Maccagnano, Antonio Monno, Biagio Moretti, Silvio Tafuri
Introduction: The aims of study were: 1) to verify the effectiveness of different stretching methods and training; 2) to compare the effects with only training on the flexibility of joints in basketball players. Methods: 30 males basketball players (age: 17±1yrs; BMI: 23.4±3.1), divided into 2 groups (15 experimental group - EG - and 15 control group, CG), participated to study. EG performed 5 different stretching method: passive stretching, active stretching, postural protocol, PNF and dynamic stretching...
October 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713134/compared-efficacy-of-preservation-solutions-on-the-outcome-of-liver-transplantation-meta-analysis
#8
Ágnes Lilla Szilágyi, Péter Mátrai, Péter Hegyi, Eszter Tuboly, Daniella Pécz, András Garami, Margit Solymár, Erika Pétervári, Márta Balaskó, Gábor Veres, László Czopf, Bastian Wobbe, Dorottya Szabó, Juliane Wagner, Petra Hartmann
AIM: To compare the effects of the four most commonly used preservation solutions on the outcome of liver transplantations. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library databases up to January 31st , 2017. The inclusion criteria were comparative, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for deceased donor liver (DDL) allografts with adult and pediatric donors using the gold standard University of Wisconsin (UW) solution or histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior (CS) and Institut Georges Lopez (IGL-1) solutions...
April 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707626/single-graft-utilization-from-donors-with-severe-acute-kidney-injury-after-circulatory-death
#9
Yusuke Tomita, Kazuhiro Iwadoh, Yuichi Ogawa, Katsuyuki Miki, Kotaro Kai, Akihito Sannomiya, Toru Murakami, Ichiro Koyama, Kumiko Kitajima, Ichiro Nakajima, Shohei Fuchinoue
Chronic shortages of organs for transplantation have led to the use of marginal kidneys from donors after circulatory death with acute kidney injury (AKI), but the utilization of kidneys with severe AKI is not well established. We retrospectively analyzed eight kidney transplantation (KTx) cases from donation after circulatory death (DCD) with terminal creatinine (t-Cr) concentrations higher than 10.0 mg/dL and/or oliguria for more than 5 days (AKI network criteria: stage III). Although all patients showed delayed graft function, no cases of primary nonfunction (PNF) were found...
April 2018: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701038/-dynamic-scalp-acupuncture-combined-with-pnf-therapy-for-upper-limb-motor-impairment-in-ischemic-stroke-spastic-hemiplegia
#10
Lili Qi, Zhenxiang Han, Yixin Zhou, Wenhua Chen, Lixi Chu, Jingjue Lu, Wenjie Xu, Honglin Wang, Zhibo Wang, Juan Ling
OBJECTIVE: On the basic therapy, to assess the clinical effects of dynamic scalp acupuncture, scalp acupuncture combined with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) therapy and simple PNF therapy for upper limb motor impairment in ischemic post-stroke spastic hemiplegia. METHODS: A total of 90 cases were randomly assigned into a PNF group, a dynamic scalp acupuncture group and a scalp acupuncture group, 30 cases in each group. Basic therapy and PNF therapy were applied in the three groups...
March 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682548/electric-stimulation-of-ear-reduces-the-effect-of-toll-like-receptor-4-signaling-pathway-on-kainic-acid-induced-epileptic-seizures-in-rats
#11
En-Tzu Liao, Yi-Wen Lin, Chun-Ping Huang, Nou-Ying Tang, Ching-Liang Hsieh
Epilepsy is a common clinical syndrome with recurrent neuronal discharges in the temporal lobe, cerebral cortex, and hippocampus. Clinical antiepileptic medicines are often ineffective or of little benefit in 30% of epileptic patients and usually cause severe side effects. Emerging evidence indicates the crucial role of inflammatory mediators in epilepsy. The current study investigates the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its underlying mechanisms in kainic acid- (KA-) induced epileptic seizures in rats...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682177/chemerin-induces-endothelial-cell-inflammation-activation-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-beta-and-monocyte-endothelial-adhesion
#12
Georgios K Dimitriadis, Jaspreet Kaur, Raghu Adya, Alexander D Miras, Harman S Mattu, John G Hattersley, Gregory Kaltsas, Bee K Tan, Harpal S Randeva
Chemerin, a chemoattractant protein, acts via a G-protein coupled chemokine receptor, i.e. Chemokine like Receptor 1/ChemR23; levels of which are elevated in pro-inflammatory states such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Obesity and T2DM patients are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disorders such as atherosclerosis. We have reported that chemerin induces human endothelial cell angiogenesis and since dysregulated angiogenesis and endothelial dysfunction are hallmarks of vascular disease; we sought to determine the effects of chemerin on monocyte-endothelial adhesion, and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), a critical pro-inflammatory transcription factor...
March 30, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681099/2016-children-s-tumor-foundation-conference-on-neurofibromatosis-type-1-neurofibromatosis-type-2-and-schwannomatosis
#13
Michael J Fisher, Allan J Belzberg, Peter de Blank, Thomas De Raedt, Florent Elefteriou, Rosalie E Ferner, Marco Giovannini, Gordon J Harris, Michel Kalamarides, Matthias A Karajannis, AeRang Kim, Conxi Lázaro, Lu Q Le, Wei Li, Robert Listernick, Staci Martin, Helen Morrison, Eric Pasmant, Nancy Ratner, Elisabeth Schorry, Nicole J Ullrich, David Viskochil, Brian Weiss, Brigitte C Widemann, Yuan Zhu, Annette Bakker, Eduard Serra
Organized and hosted by the Children's Tumor Foundation (CTF), the Neurofibromatosis (NF) conference is the premier annual gathering for clinicians and researchers interested in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis (SWN). The 2016 edition constituted a blend of clinical and basic aspects of NF research that helped in clarifying different advances in the field. The incorporation of next generation sequencing is changing the way genetic diagnostics is performed for NF and related disorders, providing solutions to problems like genetic heterogeneity, overlapping clinical manifestations, or the presence of mosaicism...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679923/testing-a-motivational-model-of-delivery-modality-and-incentives-on-participation-in-a-brief-alcohol-intervention
#14
Clayton Neighbors, Lindsey M Rodriguez, Lorra Garey, Mary M Tomkins
OBJECTIVES: The current research evaluated delivery modality and incentive as factors affecting recruitment into a personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for heavy drinking college students. We also evaluated whether these factors were differentially associated with participation based on relevance of the intervention (via participants' drinking levels). METHOD: College students aged 18-26 who endorsed at least one heavy drinking episode and one alcohol-related consequence in the past month (N = 2059; 59...
March 28, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675142/reviewing-clinical-effectiveness-of-active-training-strategies-of-platform-based-ankle-rehabilitation-robots
#15
REVIEW
Xiangfeng Zeng, Guoli Zhu, Mingming Zhang, Sheng Q Xie
Objective: This review aims to provide a systematical investigation of clinical effectiveness of active training strategies applied in platform-based ankle robots. Method: English-language studies published from Jan 1980 to Aug 2017 were searched from four databases using key words of "Ankle∗ " AND "Robot∗ " AND "Effect∗ OR Improv∗ OR Increas∗ ." Following an initial screening, three rounds of discrimination were successively conducted based on the title, the abstract, and the full paper...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662433/palmitoylethanolamide-ameliorates-hippocampal-damage-and-behavioral-dysfunction-after-perinatal-asphyxia-in-the-immature-rat-brain
#16
María I Herrera, Lucas D Udovin, Nicolás Toro-Urrego, Carlos F Kusnier, Juan P Luaces, Francisco Capani
Perinatal asphyxia (PA) is an obstetric complication associated with an impaired gas exchange. This health problem continues to be a determinant of neonatal mortality and neurodevelopmental disorders. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) has exerted neuroprotection in several models of brain injury and neurodegeneration. We aimed at evaluating the potential neuroprotective role of PEA in an experimental model, which induces PA in the immature rat brain. PA was induced by placing Sprague Dawley newborn rats in a water bath at 37°C for 19 min...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659600/reconstruction-of-a-10-mm-long-median-nerve-gap-in-an-ischemic-environment-using-autologous-conduits-with-different-patterns-of-blood-supply-a-comparative-study-in-the-rat
#17
Diogo Casal, Eduarda Mota-Silva, Inês Iria, Sara Alves, Ana Farinho, Cláudia Pen, Nuno Lourenço-Silva, Luís Mascarenhas-Lemos, José Silva-Ferreira, Mário Ferraz-Oliveira, Valentina Vassilenko, Paula Alexandra Videira, João Goyri-O'Neill, Diogo Pais
The aim of this study was to evaluate in the Wistar rat the efficacy of various autologous nerve conduits with various forms of blood supply in reconstructing a 10-mm-long gap in the median nerve (MN) under conditions of local ischemia. A 10-mm-long median nerve defect was created in the right arm. A loose silicone tube was placed around the nerve gap zone, in order to simulate a local ischemic environment. Rats were divided in the following experimental groups (each with 20 rats): the nerve Graft (NG) group, in which the excised MN segment was reattached; the conventional nerve flap (CNF) and the arterialized neurovenous flap (ANVF) groups in which the gap was bridged with homonymous median nerve flaps; the prefabricated nerve flap (PNF) group in which the gap was reconstructed with a fabricated flap created by leaving an arteriovenous fistula in contact with the sciatic nerve for 5 weeks; and the two control groups, Sham and Excision groups...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643762/persistent-adult-neuroimmune-activation-and-loss-of-hippocampal-neurogenesis-following-adolescent-ethanol-exposure-blockade-by-exercise-and-the-anti-inflammatory-drug-indomethacin
#18
Ryan P Vetreno, Colleen J Lawrimore, Pamela J Rowsey, Fulton T Crews
Alcohol abuse and binge drinking are common during adolescence, a developmental period characterized by heightened neuroplasticity. Animal studies reveal that adolescent ethanol exposure decreases hippocampal neurogenesis that persists into adulthood, but the mechanism remains to be fully elucidated. Using a rodent model of adolescent intermittent ethanol (AIE; 5.0 g/kg, i.g., 2-days on/2-days off from postnatal day [P]25 to P55), we tested the hypothesis that AIE-induced upregulation of neuroimmune signaling contributes to the loss of hippocampal neurogenesis in adulthood...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602274/blackouts-as-a-moderator-of-young-adult-veteran-response-to-personalized-normative-feedback-for-heavy-drinking
#19
Mary Beth Miller, Angelo M DiBello, Kate B Carey, Eric R Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Blackouts - or periods of alcohol-induced amnesia for all or part of a drinking event - have been identified as independent predictors of alcohol-related harm that may be used to identify individuals who would benefit from intervention. However, little is known about the prevalence and impact of blackouts among Veterans. This study examined blackouts as a moderator of young adult Veteran response to a brief, online personalized normative feedback (PNF) intervention for heavy drinking...
March 30, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602202/renal-resistance-trend-during-hypothermic-machine-perfusion-is-more-predictive-of-postoperative-outcome-than-biopsy-score-preliminary-experience-in-35-consecutive-kidney-transplantations
#20
Massimiliano Bissolati, Paolo Giovanni Gazzetta, Rossana Caldara, Giovanni Guarneri, Olga Adamenko, Fabio Giannone, Michele Mazza, Giulia Maggi, Deborah Tomanin, Riccardo Rosati, Antonio Secchi, Carlo Socci
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HPM) grants a better postoperative outcome in transplantation of organs procured from extended criteria donors (ECDs) and donors after cardiac death (DCD). So far, the only available parameter for outcome prediction concerning those organs is pretransplant biopsy score. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether renal resistance (RR) trend during HPM may be used as a predictive marker for post-transplantation outcome. From December 2015 to present, HMP has been systematically applied to all organs from ECDs and DCD...
March 30, 2018: Artificial Organs
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