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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433946/the-activities-of-the-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-cop1-spa-a-key-repressor-in-light-signaling
#1
REVIEW
Ute Hoecker
Light is a critical signal to integrate plant growth and development with the environment. Downstream of photoreceptors, the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1/SPA is a key repressor of photomorphogenesis which targets many positive regulators of light signaling, mainly transcription factors, for degradation in darkness. In light-grown plants COP1/SPA activity is repressed, allowing light responses to occur. This review provides an overview on our current knowledge on COP1/SPA repressor function, focusing in particular on the roles of the respective protein domains and the mechanisms of light-induced inactivation of COP1/SPA...
April 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426369/hos1-acts-as-a-key-modulator-of-hypocotyl-photomorphogenesis
#2
Ju-Heon Kim, Hyo-Jun Lee, Chung-Mo Park
Plants recognize light as an environmental signal to determine the proper timing of growth and development. In Arabidopsis seedlings, hypocotyl growth is promoted in the dark but suppressed in the light. It is known that the red/far-red light-sensing receptor phytochrome B (phyB) suppresses the function of PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR (PIF) transcription factors, which act as photomorphogenic repressors. However, molecular mechanisms underlying the phyB-mediated inhibition of PIF functioning remain unclear...
April 20, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423690/preimplantation-factor-pif-protects-cultured-embryos-against-oxidative-stress-relevance-for-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-rpl-therapy
#3
Lindsay F Goodale, Soren Hayrabedran, Krassimira Todorova, Roumen Roussev, Sivakumar Ramu, Christopher Stamatkin, Carolyn B Coulam, Eytan R Barnea, Robert O Gilbert
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) affects 2-3% of couples. Despite a detailed work-up, the etiology is frequently undefined, leading to non-targeted therapy. Viable embryos and placentae express PreImplantation Factor (PIF). Maternal circulating PIF regulates systemic immunity and reduces circulating natural killer cells cytotoxicity in RPL patients. PIF promotes singly cultured embryos' development while anti-PIF antibody abrogates it. RPL serum induced embryo toxicity is negated by PIF. We report that PIF rescues delayed embryo development caused by <3 kDa RPL serum fraction likely by reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
March 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423529/pif-promotes-brain-re-myelination-locally-while-regulating-systemic-inflammation-clinically-relevant-multiple-sclerosis-m-smegmatis-model
#4
Giuseppe Migliara, Martin Mueller, Alessia Piermattei, Chaya Brodie, Michael J Paidas, Eytan R Barnea, Francesco Ria
Neurologic disease diagnosis and treatment is challenging. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating autoimmune disease with few clinical forms and uncertain etiology. Current studies suggest that it is likely caused by infection(s) triggering a systemic immune response resulting in antigen/non-antigen-related autoimmune response in central nervous system (CNS). New therapeutic approaches are needed. Secreted by viable embryos, PreImplantation Factor (PIF) possesses a local and systemic immunity regulatory role...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420710/reciprocal-proteasome-mediated-degradation-of-pifs-and-hfr1-underlying-photomorphogenic-development-in-arabidopsis
#5
Xiaosa Xu, Praveen Kumar Kathare, Vinh Ngoc Pham, Qingyun Bu, Andrew Nguyen, Enamul Huq
The phytochrome-mediated regulation of photomorphogenesis under red and far-red light conditions involves both positive and negatively acting factors. The positively acting factors (e.g., HY5/HFR1/LAF1 and others) are degraded in the dark to prevent photomorphogenesis. By contrast, the negatively acting factors (e.g., PIFs) are degraded in response to light to promote photomorphogenesis. Here we show that the negatively acting factor, PIF1 is also degraded in the dark by direct heterodimerization with the positively acting factor, HFR1...
April 18, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406710/suboptimal-inspiratory-flow-rates-are-associated-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-all-cause-readmissions
#6
Chee H Loh, Stephen P Peters, Tina M Lovings, Jill A Ohar
RATIONALE: Dry powdered inhalers (DPIs) are prescribed after hospitalization for acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). Peak inspiratory flow (PIF) affects DPI delivery. OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of PIF on readmission after hospitalization for AECOPD. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of hospitalized patients, enrolled in an AECOPD care plan, was performed. Data analyzed included PIF, age, gender, length of stay, Charlson Comorbidity Index, COPD Assessment Test (CAT) and Modified Medical Research Council score, % predicted FEV1, FVC and inspiratory capacity (IC)...
April 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400018/reassessment-of-cronobacter-spp-originally-isolated-as-enterobacter-sakazakii-from-infant-food
#7
Ömer Akineden, Vanessa Heinrich, Madeleine Gross, Ewald Usleber
Cronobacter spp. cause infant disease, several cases have been associated with powdered infant formulae (PIF). In the early 2000s, contamination of German PIF with these opportunistic pathogens was quite common. Before 2008, all isolates Cronobacter spp. had been classified as Enterobacter sakazakii, therefore little is known about species diversity within such isolates. Genetic, serologic, and biochemical traits of 80 Cronobacter isolates, originally obtained 2003-2006 within infant food surveys in Germany, were reassessed in this study...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365739/grtedb-the-first-web-based-database-of-transposable-elements-in-cotton-gossypium-raimondii
#8
Zhenzhen Xu, Jing Liu, Wanchao Ni, Zhen Peng, Yue Guo, Wuwei Ye, Fang Huang, Xianggui Zhang, Peng Xu, Qi Guo, Xinlian Shen, Jianchang Du
Although several diploid and tetroploid Gossypium species genomes have been sequenced, the well annotated web-based transposable elements (TEs) database is lacking. To better understand the roles of TEs in structural, functional and evolutionary dynamics of the cotton genome, a comprehensive, specific, and user-friendly web-based database, Gossypium raimondii transposable elements database (GrTEdb), was constructed. A total of 14 332 TEs were structurally annotated and clearly categorized in G. raimondii genome, and these elements have been classified into seven distinct superfamilies based on the order of protein-coding domains, structures and/or sequence similarity, including 2929 Copia-like elements, 10 368 Gypsy-like elements, 299 L1 , 12 Mutators , 435 PIF-Harbingers , 275 CACTAs and 14 Helitrons ...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347294/from-good-health-to-illness-with-post-infectious-fatigue-syndrome-a-qualitative-study-of-adults-experiences-of-the-illness-trajectory
#9
Eva Stormorken, Leonard A Jason, Marit Kirkevold
BACKGROUND: Municipal drinking water contaminated with the parasite Giardia lamblia in Bergen, Norway, in 2004 caused an outbreak of gastrointestinal infection in 2500 people, according to the Norwegian Prescription Database. In the aftermath a minor group subsequently developed post-infectious fatigue syndrome (PIFS). Persons in this minor group had laboratory-confirmed parasites in their stool samples, and their enteritis had been cured by one or more courses of antibiotic treatment...
March 27, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338015/simultaneously-measuring-multiple-protein-interactions-and-their-correlations-in-a-cell-by-protein-interactome-footprinting
#10
Si-Wei Luo, Zhi Liang, Jia-Rui Wu
Quantitatively detecting correlations of multiple protein-protein interactions (PPIs) in vivo is a big challenge. Here we introduce a novel method, termed Protein-interactome Footprinting (PiF), to simultaneously measure multiple PPIs in one cell. The principle of PiF is that each target physical PPI in the interactome is simultaneously transcoded into a specific DNA sequence based on dimerization of the target proteins fused with DNA-binding domains. The interaction intensity of each target protein is quantified as the copy number of the specific DNA sequences bound by each fusion protein dimers...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332986/risk-factors-for-pelvic-insufficiency-fractures-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-following-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy
#11
Anne Ramlov, Erik Morre Pedersen, Lisbeth Røhl, Esben Worm, Lars Fokdal, Jacob Chr Lindegaard, Kari Tanderup
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of and risk factors for pelvic insufficiency fracture (PIF) after definitive chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We analyzed 101 patients with LACC treated from 2008-2014. Patients received weekly cisplatin and underwent external beam radiation therapy with 45 Gy in 25 fractions (node-negative patients) or 50 Gy in 25 fractions with a simultaneous integrated boost of 60 Gy in 30 fractions (node-positive patients)...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291401/pelvic-insufficiency-fracture-pif-incidence-in-patients-treated-with-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-imrt-for-gynaecological-or-anal-cancer-single-institution-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Louis Bazire, Haoping Xu, Jean-Philippe Foy, Malika Amessis, Caroline Malhaire, Kim Cao, Anne De La Rochefordiere, Youlia M Kirova
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the results of pelvic insufficiency fracture (PIF) incidence in patients with anal or gynaecological cancer treated by pelvic intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). METHODS: The clinical and morphological (CT and/or pelvic MRI) characteristics of patients treated by IMRT at our institution between 2007 and 2014 were analyzed. The global incidence of PIF after external beam radiotherapy and the impact of tumour site (gynaecological or anal cancer) were determined...
May 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284694/salmonella-detection-in-powdered-dairy-products-using-a-novel-molecular-tool
#13
Yueming Zhao, Xia Jiang, Yanyan Qu, Ruili Pan, Xinyi Pang, Yujun Jiang, Chaoxin Man
In this study, we developed a rapid, specific, and sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification technique combined with a lateral flow dipstick (LAMP-LFD) method to detect Salmonella targeting the siiA gene in powdered infant formula (PIF). The specificity of the detection method (LAMP-LFD) approached 100% using 21 Salmonella and 31 non-Salmonella bacterial strains. This detection method exhibited high sensitivity limits for pure cultures at 3.7 cfu/mL and in PIF at 2.2 cfu/g without enrichment. To evaluate the applicability of the LAMP-LFD method, we detected 60 positive PIF samples and 20 negative PIF samples...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284044/diaphragm-thickness-and-inspiratory-muscle-functions-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#14
Minkyu Kim, Kyeongbong Lee, Jieun Cho, Wanhee Lee
BACKGROUND The aims of this study are to investigate the difference between the diaphragm thickness at end expiration and the thickness at total lung capacity (TLC), and to examine differences in inspiratory muscle function between stroke patients and healthy individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-five stroke patients and 49 healthy volunteers were included in this study. Diaphragm thickness was measured at end expiration and at TLC by ultrasonography. The maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), peak inspiratory flow (PIF), vital capacity (VC), and inspiratory muscle endurance (IME) were assess to evaluate inspiratory muscle function...
March 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254761/the-reveille-clock-genes-inhibit-growth-of-juvenile-and-adult-plants-by-control-of-cell-size
#15
Jennifer A Gray, Akiva Shalit-Kaneh, Dalena Nhu Chu, Polly Yingshan Hsu, Stacey L Harmer
The circadian clock is a complex regulatory network that enhances plant growth and fitness in a constantly changing environment. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), the clock is composed of numerous regulatory feedback loops in which REVEILLE8 (RVE8) and its homologs RVE4 and RVE6 act in a partially redundant manner to promote clock pace. Here, we report that the remaining members of the RVE8 clade, RVE3 and RVE5, play only minor roles in the regulation of clock function. However, we find that RVE8 clade proteins have unexpected functions in the modulation of light input to the clock and the control of plant growth at multiple stages of development...
April 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254655/real-life-dose-emission-characterization-using-copd-patient-inhalation-profiles-when-they-inhaled-using-a-fixed-dose-combination-fdc-of-the-medium-strength-symbicort-%C3%A2-turbuhaler-%C3%A2
#16
Golshan Bagherisadeghi, El Hassane Larhrib, Henry Chrystyn
The dose emitted from dry powder inhalers (DPI) is inhalation flow dependent and so varies with the peak inhalation flow (PIF) of a patient's inhalation maneuver (IM). Dose emission could also be affected by other IM parameters-the inhaled volume (Vin) and the initial acceleration rate of the IM (ACIM). We have adapted the compendial method for in-vitro DPI determinations so that inhalation profiles replace the inhalation square profile generated by a vacuum pump. These real-life patient inhalation profiles were measured when 18 COPD patients inhaled through an empty placebo Symbicort(®) Turbuhaler(®)...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249453/is-br2-hydration-hydrophobic
#17
A Alcaraz-Torres, A Gamboa-Suárez, M I Bernal-Uruchurtu
The spectroscopic properties of bromine in aqueous systems suggest it can behave as either hydrophilic or hydrophobic solute. In small water clusters, the halogen bond and the hydrogen-halogen interaction are responsible for its specific way of binding. In water hydrates, it is efficiently hosted by two different cages forming the crystal structure and it has been frequently assumed that there is little or no interaction between the guest and the host. Bromine in liquid solution poses a challenging question due to its non-negligible solubility and the large blue shift measured in its absorption spectra...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244988/the-arabidopsis-o-fucosyltransferase-spindly-activates-nuclear-growth-repressor-della
#18
Rodolfo Zentella, Ning Sui, Benjamin Barnhill, Wen-Ping Hsieh, Jianhong Hu, Jeffrey Shabanowitz, Michael Boyce, Neil E Olszewski, Pei Zhou, Donald F Hunt, Tai-Ping Sun
Plant development requires coordination among complex signaling networks to enhance the plant's adaptation to changing environments. DELLAs, transcription regulators originally identified as repressors of phytohormone gibberellin signaling, play a central role in integrating multiple signaling activities via direct protein interactions with key transcription factors. Here, we found that DELLA is mono-O-fucosylated by the novel O-fucosyltransferase SPINDLY (SPY) in Arabidopsis thaliana. O-fucosylation activates DELLA by promoting its interaction with key regulators in brassinosteroid- and light-signaling pathways, including BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT1 (BZR1), PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING-FACTOR3 (PIF3) and PIF4...
May 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216389/mastery-of-pmdi-technique-asthma-control-and-quality-of-life-of-children-with-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-study-comparing-two-inhaler-technique-training-approaches
#19
Wesam G Ammari, Nussaibah Al-Hyari, Nathir Obeidat, Mona Khater, Amal Sabouba, Mark Sanders
OBJECTIVE: Verbal counselling (VC) is the clinical standard for training patients on correct inhaler use. Patients fail to recall their VC with time. Ethical approval was obtained to compare the pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI) VC with Trainhaler (TH), a novel pMDI inhalation flow and technique training device, in children with asthma. METHODS: At visit 1, 7-17 year-old children with a pMDI hand-lung coordination problem including a fast peak inhalation flow (PIF) through pMDI >60 L/min were randomized into either VC group that received verbal pMDI training; or into TH group that were trained on- and given TH to practice at home...
February 16, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204924/genome-wide-analysis-of-transposable-elements-in-the-coffee-berry-borer-hypothenemus-hampei-coleoptera-curculionidae-description-of-novel-families
#20
Eric M Hernandez-Hernandez, Rita Daniela Fernández-Medina, Lucio Navarro-Escalante, Jonathan Nuñez, Pablo Benavides-Machado, Claudia M A Carareto
The coffee berry borer (CBB) Hypothenemus hampei is the most limiting pest of coffee production worldwide. The CBB genome has been recently sequenced; however, information regarding the presence and characteristics of transposable elements (TEs) was not provided. Using systematic searching strategies based on both de novo and homology-based approaches, we present a library of TEs from the draft genome of CBB sequenced by the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation. The library consists of 880 sequences classified as 66% Class I (LTRs: 46%, non-LTRs: 20%) and 34% Class II (DNA transposons: 8%, Helitrons: 16% and MITEs: 10%) elements, including families of the three main LTR (Gypsy, Bel-Pao and Copia) and non-LTR (CR1, Daphne, I/Nimb, Jockey, Kiri, R1, R2 and R4) clades and DNA superfamilies (Tc1-mariner, hAT, Merlin, P, PIF-Harbinger, PiggyBac and Helitron)...
February 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
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