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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732105/shining-a-light-on-the-arabidopsis-circadian-clock
#1
REVIEW
Rachael J Oakenfull, Seth J Davis
The circadian clock provides essential timing information to ensure optimal growth to prevailing external environmental conditions. A major time-setting mechanism (zeitgeber) in clock synchronisation is light. Differing light wavelengths, intensities and photoperiodic duration are processed for the clock-setting mechanism. Many studies on light-input pathways to the clock have focused on Arabidopsis thaliana. Photoreceptors are specific chromic proteins that detect light signals and transmit this information to the central circadian oscillator through a number of different signalling mechanisms...
July 21, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730469/optogenetic-control-of-ras-erk-signaling-using-the-phy-pif-system
#2
Alexander G Goglia, Maxwell Z Wilson, Daniel B DiGiorno, Jared E Toettcher
The Ras/Erk signaling pathway plays a central role in diverse cellular processes ranging from development to immune cell activation to neural plasticity to cancer. In recent years, this pathway has been widely studied using live-cell fluorescent biosensors, revealing complex Erk dynamics that arise in many cellular contexts. Yet despite these high-resolution tools for measurement, the field has lacked analogous tools for control over Ras/Erk signaling in live cells. Here, we provide detailed methods for one such tool based on the optical control of Ras activity, which we call "Opto-SOS...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711729/expanding-roles-of-pifs-in-signal-integration-from-multiple-processes
#3
REVIEW
Inyup Paik, Praveen Kumar Kathare, Jeong-Il Kim, Enamul Huq
PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORs (PIFs) are members of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family of transcription factors in Arabidopsis. Since their discovery in phytochrome-mediated light signaling pathways, recent studies have unraveled new functions of PIFs in integrating multiple signaling pathways not only by their role as transcription factors directly targeting gene expression, but also by interacting with diverse groups of factors to optimize plant growth and development. These include endogenous (e...
July 12, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705271/molecular-and-epidemiological-characterization-of-infant-botulism-in-beijing-china
#4
Yin Ping Dong, Wei Wang, Tao Jiang, Jin Xu, Chun Hui Han, Shao Fei Yan, Séamus Fanning, Ying Li, Xiao Chen Ma, Di Zhang, Yao Zhao, Biao Zeng, Feng Qin Li
Laboratory-based pathogen isolation, identification, and toxicity determination were performed on samples from a suspected case of infant botulism. Mice injected with cultures generated from the enema sample and ingested Powered infant formula (PIF) presented typical signs of botulism. Antitoxins to polyvalent botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) and monovalent BoNT type B antitoxin had protective effects. Clostridium botulinum isolated from the enema and residual PIF samples were positive for type B toxin. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) revealed that the two strains of C...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704412/synthetic-preimplantation-factor-pif-prevents-fetal-loss-by-modulating-lps-induced-inflammatory-response
#5
Nicoletta Di Simone, Fiorella Di Nicuolo, Riccardo Marana, Roberta Castellani, Francesco Ria, Manuela Veglia, Giovanni Scambia, Daniel Surbek, Eytan Barnea, Martin Mueller
Maternal control of inflammation is essential during pregnancy and an exaggerated response is one of the underlying causes of fetal loss. Inflammatory response is mediated by multiple factors and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are central. Activation of TLRs results in NALP-3 mediated assembly of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) and caspase-1 into the inflammasome and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. Given that preventing measures are lacking, we investigated PreImplantation Factor (PIF) as therapeutic option as PIF modulates Inflammation in pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702823/etoposide-and-doxorubicin-enhance-the-sensitivity-of-triple-negative-breast-cancers-through-modulation-of-trail-dr5-axis
#6
Sarita Das, Neha Tripathi, Sumit Siddharth, Anmada Nayak, Deepika Nayak, Chinmayee Sethy, Prasad V Bharatam, Chanakya Nath Kundu
Death receptor 5 (DR5) is an important target for development of anticancer agents against triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Recently, we reported the molecular level details for the modulation of TRAIL-DR5 axis by quinacrine (QC) in breast cancer cells. In this work, the DR5 mediated anticancer potential of topoisomerase inhibitor etoposide (ET) and doxorubicin (DOX) against TNBC has been evaluated. ET and DOX enhanced the DR5 expression in TNBC cells, whereas non-topoisomerase inhibitors pifithrin-α (PIF) and dexamethasone (DEX) failed to do so...
July 12, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694793/comparative-genomic-characterization-of-the-highly-persistent-and-potentially-virulent-cronobacter-sakazakii-st83-cc65-strain-h322-and-other-st83-strains
#7
Hannah R Chase, Gopal R Gopinath, Athmanya K Eshwar, Andrea Stoller, Claudia Fricker-Feer, Jayanthi Gangiredla, Isha R Patel, Hediye N Cinar, HyeJin Jeong, ChaeYoon Lee, Flavia Negrete, Samantha Finkelstein, Roger Stephan, Ben D Tall, Angelika Lehner
Cronobacter (C.) sakazakii is an opportunistic pathogen and has been associated with serious infections with high mortality rates predominantly in pre-term, low-birth weight and/or immune compromised neonates and infants. Infections have been epidemiologically linked to consumption of intrinsically and extrinsically contaminated lots of reconstituted powdered infant formula (PIF), thus contamination of such products is a challenging task for the PIF producing industry. We present the draft genome of C. sakazakii H322, a highly persistent sequence type (ST) 83, clonal complex (CC) 65, serotype O:7 strain obtained from a batch of non-released contaminated PIF product...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683763/new-setting-of-neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-for-noninvasive-ventilation-by-facial-mask-a-physiologic-study
#8
Federico Longhini, Chun Pan, Jianfeng Xie, Gianmaria Cammarota, Andrea Bruni, Eugenio Garofalo, Yi Yang, Paolo Navalesi, Haibo Qiu
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is generally delivered using pneumatically-triggered and cycled-off pressure support (PSP) through a mask. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is the only ventilatory mode that uses a non-pneumatic signal, i.e., diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi), to trigger and drive ventilator assistance. A specific setting to generate neurally controlled pressure support (PSN) was recently proposed for delivering NIV by helmet. We compared PSN with PSP and NAVA during NIV using a facial mask, with respect to patient comfort, gas exchange, and patient-ventilator interaction and synchrony...
July 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678314/lung-characteristics-in-elderly-males-and-females-patients-with-copd-differences-and-optimal-use-of-dry-powder-inhalers-dpis
#9
C Terzano, F Oriolo
OBJECTIVE: We have measured peak inspiratory flow (PIF), inspiratory capacity (IC), maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) and other functional parameters in COPD patients to investigate which PIF's patients generate with maximal effort, through three different resistances, representing Diskus, Nexthaler and Turbuhaler. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with COPD were enrolled in this study. All patients were examined: pulmonary function tests, including flow/volume spirometry and N2-wash out, were conducted...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673655/peak-inspiratory-flow-as-predictor-for-tracheotomy
#10
M Lesnik, J J Sanchez-Guerrero, O De Crouy Chanel, C Hervé, J Guerlain, S Périé
OBJECTIVES: Quantitative evaluation of upper airway obstruction cannot be commonly performed under acute dyspnea, especially in head and neck cancer (HNC); the decision whether or not to perform airway control surgery may be difficult to reach. Peak inspiratory flow (PIF) has been previously demonstrated to be a useful tool to decide on decannulation after HNC surgery. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of PIF as a standardized non-invasive tool in quantifying severe inspiratory dyspnea requiring emergency tracheostomy...
June 30, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658307/the-reasons-behind-medicine-shortages-from-the-perspective-of-pharmaceutical-companies-and-pharmaceutical-wholesalers-in-finland
#11
Kati Heiskanen, Riitta Ahonen, Risto Kanerva, Pekka Karttunen, Johanna Timonen
The aim of this study was to explore the reasons behind medicine shortages from the perspective of pharmaceutical companies and pharmaceutical wholesalers in Finland. The study took the form of semi-structured interviews. Forty-one pharmaceutical companies and pharmaceutical wholesalers were invited to participate in the study. The pharmaceutical companies were the member organizations of Pharma Industry Finland (PIF) (N = 30) and the Finnish Generic Pharmaceutical Association (FGPA) (N = 7). One company which is a central player in the pharmaceutical market in Finland but does not belong to PIF or FGPA was also invited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652357/neighbor-detection-at-the-leaf-tip-adaptively-regulates-upward-leaf-movement-through-spatial-auxin-dynamics
#12
Chrysoula K Pantazopoulou, Franca J Bongers, Jesse J Küpers, Emilie Reinen, Debatosh Das, Jochem B Evers, Niels P R Anten, Ronald Pierik
Vegetation stands have a heterogeneous distribution of light quality, including the red/far-red light ratio (R/FR) that informs plants about proximity of neighbors. Adequate responses to changes in R/FR are important for competitive success. How the detection and response to R/FR are spatially linked and how this spatial coordination between detection and response affects plant performance remains unresolved. We show in Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica nigra that localized FR enrichment at the lamina tip induces upward leaf movement (hyponasty) from the petiole base...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652139/characterization-of-the-distal-less-homologue-gene-pfdlx-involved-in-regulating-the-expression-of-pif-in-the-pearl-oyster-pinctada-fucata
#13
Hua Zhang, Mi Zhao, Xuejie Yi, Zekui Ou, Yaoguo Li, Yu Shi, Maoxian He
Distal-less (Dlx) homeobox transcription factors play an important role in regulating various aspects of vertebrate biology. In vertebrates and invertebrates, distal-less is a highly conserved and well-studied transcription factor. In pearl oyster, we have identified a homologue of this gene, Dlx, and cloned the full-length cDNA. Genomic structure analysis revealed that PfDlx genomic DNA contained three exons and two introns. Their deduced amino acid sequences all showed the highest identity with homologs in Crassostrea gigas...
June 23, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648293/light-based-technologies-for-microbial-inactivation-of-liquids-bead-surfaces-and-powdered-infant-formula
#14
Cristina Arroyo, Anna Dorozko, Edurne Gaston, Michael O'Sullivan, Paul Whyte, James G Lyng
This study evaluates the potential of continuous wave Ultraviolet C light (UV-C) and broad-spectrum intense pulsed light (in this study referred to as High Intensity Light Pulses, HILP) for the inactivation of pathogens of public concern in powdered infant formula (PIF) producers. To achieve this goal a sequential set of experiments were performed, firstly in clear liquid media, secondly on the surface of spherical beads under agitation and, finally in PIF. L. innocua was the most sensitive microorganism to both technologies under all conditions studied with reductions exceeding 4 log10 cycles in PIF...
October 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591657/agc-kinases-mechanisms-of-regulation-%C3%A2-and-innovative-drug-development
#15
REVIEW
Alejandro E Leroux, Jörg O Schulze, Ricardo M Biondi
The group of AGC kinases consists of 63 evolutionarily related serine/threonine protein kinases comprising PDK1, PKB/Akt, SGK, PKC, PRK/PKN, MSK, RSK, S6K, PKA, PKG, DMPK, MRCK, ROCK, NDR, LATS, CRIK, MAST, GRK, Sgk494, and YANK, while two other families, Aurora and PLK, are the most closely related to the group. Eight of these families are physiologically activated downstream of growth factor signalling, while other AGC kinases are downstream effectors of a wide range of signals. The different AGC kinase families share aspects of their mechanisms of inhibition and activation...
June 4, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552126/hue-texture-embedded-region-based-model-for-magnifying-endoscopy-with-narrow-band-imaging-image-segmentation-based-on-visual-features
#16
Xiaoqi Liu, Chengliang Wang, Jianying Bai, Guobin Liao, Yanjun Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Magnification endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) has become a feasible tool for detecting diseases within the human gastrointestinal tract, and is more applied by physicians to search for pathological abnormalities with gastric cancer such as precancerous lesions, early gastric cancer and advanced cancer. In order to improve the reliability of diseases detection, there is a need for applying or proposing computer-assisted methodologies to efficiently analyze and process ME-NBI images...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503745/interactions-between-phyb-and-pif-proteins-alter-thermal-reversion-reactions-in-vitro
#17
Robert W Smith, Britta Helwig, Adrie H Westphal, Eran Pel, Jan Willem Borst, Christian Fleck
The dynamic behavior of the plant red/far-red light photoreceptor phytochrome B (phyB) has been elucidated in natural and synthetic systems. Red light switches phyB from the inactive Pr state to the active Pfr state, a process that is reversed by far-red light. Alongside light signals, phyB activity is constrained by thermal reversion (that is prominent in the dark) and protein-protein interactions between phyB, other phytochrome molecules, and, among others, PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORs (PIFs). Requirements for phyB-PIF association have been well studied and are central to light-regulated synthetic tools...
May 15, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500704/meta-analysis-of-the-transcriptome-reveals-a-core-set-of-shade-avoidance-genes-in-arabidopsis
#18
Romina Sellaro, Manuel Pacín, Jorge J Casal
The presence of neighboring vegetation modifies the light input perceived by photo-sensory receptors, initiating a signaling cascade that adjusts plant growth and physiology. Thousands of genes can change their expression during this process, but the structure of the transcriptional circuit is poorly understood. Here we present a meta-analysis of transcriptome data from Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to neighbor signals in different contexts, including organs where growth is promoted or inhibited by these signals...
May 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500462/perfusion-index-and-left-ventricular-output-correlation-in-healthy-term-infants
#19
Iuri Corsini, Alessandra Cecchi, Caterina Coviello, Carlo Dani
Perfusion index (PI) is a non-invasive marker of peripheral perfusion which is detected by an oximeter. We aimed to assess the correlation between PI and left ventricular output (LVO) in healthy term infants at the time of the screening for congenital heart disease (CHD). PI was measured at 48±2 h of life in the infant's right hand (PIrh) and in one foot (PIf) contemporary to SpO2 for CHD screening. Heart ultrasound was performed immediately after the screening procedure for measuring LVO. Forty-nine healthy term infants were studied...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492231/ppks-mediate-direct-signal-transfer-from-phytochrome-photoreceptors-to-transcription-factor-pif3
#20
Weimin Ni, Shou-Ling Xu, Eduardo González-Grandío, Robert J Chalkley, Andreas F R Huhmer, Alma L Burlingame, Zhi-Yong Wang, Peter H Quail
Upon light-induced nuclear translocation, phytochrome (phy) sensory photoreceptors interact with, and induce rapid phosphorylation and consequent ubiquitin-mediated degradation of, transcription factors, called PIFs, thereby regulating target gene expression and plant development. Nevertheless, the biochemical mechanism of phy-induced PIF phosphorylation has remained ill-defined. Here we identify a family of nuclear protein kinases, designated Photoregulatory Protein Kinases (PPK1-4; formerly called MUT9-Like Kinases (MLKs)), that interact with PIF3 and phyB in a light-induced manner in vivo...
May 11, 2017: Nature Communications
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