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Jesse J Liu, Jeffrey S Raskin, Fran Hardaway, Katherine Holste, Sarah Brown, Ahmed M Raslan
BACKGROUND: Delivery of higher value healthcare is an ultimate government and public goal. Improving efficiency by standardization of surgical steps can improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and lead to higher value healthcare. Lean principles and methodology have improved timeliness in perioperative medicine; however, process mapping of surgery itself has not been performed. OBJECTIVE: To apply Plan/Do/Study/Act (PDSA) cycles methodology to lumbar posterior instrumented fusion (PIF) using lean principles to create a standard work flow, identify waste, remove intraoperative variability, and examine feasibility among pilot cases...
March 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
George Alliwa Makalliwa, Xi Wang, Huanyu Zhang, Nan Zhang, Cheng Chen, Jiang Li, Fei Deng, Hualin Wang, Manli Wang, Zhihong Hu
Effective oral infection is set off by interaction of a group of conserved per os infectivity factors (PIFs) with larval midgut columnar epithelial cells. We constructed pseudotyped viruses by substituting pif1, pif2 or pif3 genes of Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) with their homologs from Mamestra bracissae multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus and tested their infectivity to tissue culture cells and to larvae. Transfection and infection assays revealed that all recombinant viruses generated infectious budded virus in both cell culture and in larvae...
March 16, 2018: Virologica Sinica
Siying Liu, Yunyun Geng, Libing Liu, Xiaoxia Sun, Jingyu Shao, Beibei Han, Jianchang Wang, Ke Tan
Cronobacter spp. is an opportunistic pathogen that is associated with rare but life-threatening neonatal infections resulting from the consumption of contaminated powdered infant formula milk (PIF). In the present study, we developed recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and real-time RPA for the detection of Cronobacter spp. in PIF for the first time by targeting the ompA gene. The specificity and sensitivity of the RPA and real-time RPA were validated and the practical applicability of these methods for the detection of Cronobacter spp...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Åsa Lidén, Tine Veronika Karlsen, Bengt Guss, Rolf K Reed, Kristofer Rubin
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Collagen-binding β1 -integrins function physiologically in cellular control of dermal interstitial fluid pressure (PIF ) in vivo and thereby participate in control of extravascular fluid volume. During anaphylaxis, simulated by injection of Compound 48/80 integrin αV β3 takes over this physiological function. Here we addressed the question whether integrin αV β3 can replace collagen-binding β1 -integrin to maintain a long-term homeostatic PIF ...
March 10, 2018: Experimental Physiology
Annette Kainu, Kirsi L Timonen, Esko Vanninen, Anssi R Sovijärvi
Inspiratory spirometry is used in evaluation of upper airway disorders e.g. fixed or variable obstruction. There are, however, very few published data on normal values for inspiratory spirometry. The main aim of this study was to produce reference values for inspiratory spirometry for healthy Finnish adults. Inspiratory spirometry was preplanned to a sample of the Finnish spirometry reference values sample. Data was successfully retrieved from 368 healthy nonsmoking adults (132 males) between 19 and 83 years of age...
March 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Ruili Pan, Yujun Jiang, Luhong Sun, Rui Wang, Kejin Zhuang, Yueming Zhao, Hui Wang, Md Aslam Ali, Honghua Xu, Chaoxin Man
Cronobacter sakazakii is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen that can infect newborns through powdered infant formula (PIF). In this study, we developed a novel enhanced lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) with enhanced sensitivity for detection of C. sakazakii in PIF by the naked eye. The proposed strategy for signal enhancement of the traditional LFA used concentrated gold nanoparticles (AuNP) as the enhancer to conjugate with capture antibodies, which could increase the immobilized capture antibodies concentration at the detection zone to improve capture efficiency...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Chirag Bhat, Sarah Burm, Tricia Mohan, Saad Chahine, Mark Goldszmidt
OBJECTIVES: Socialisation theories of professional identity formation (PIF) consider clinical rotations to be critically intense transformative experiences. However, few studies have explored what trainees grapple with during these transformative experiences or their influence on performance. Applying a threshold concepts (TCs) lens, this study investigates and documents 'troublesome' and 'transformative' concepts that junior trainees may encounter during a clinical rotation. Insights gained are essential for supporting trainee development...
February 27, 2018: Medical Education
Anshulika Sable, Krishan M Rai, Amit Choudhary, Vikash K Yadav, Sudhir K Agarwal, Samir V Sawant
Cotton fiber is a specialized unicellular structure useful for the study of cellular differentiation and development. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) have been shown to be involved in various developmental processes. Microarray data analysis of five Gossypium hirsutum genotypes revealed high transcript levels of GhHSP90 and GhHSP70 genes at different stages of fiber development, indicating their importance in the process. Further, we identified 26 and 55 members of HSP90 and HSP70 gene families in G. hirsutum. The treatment of specific inhibitors novobiocin (Nov; HSP90) and pifithrin/2-phenylethynesulfonamide (Pif; HSP70) in in-vitro cultured ovules resulted in a fewer number of fiber initials and retardation in fiber elongation...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
M Al Ahmad, N Arifhodzic, J Nurkic, E Jusufovic, A L Hanoun, T Rodriguez
Introduction. Sensitization to cat allergens is common worldwide. Currently, there is a trend towards costly and often unavailable diagnostic analysis. Objectives. The aim is to assess the reliability of skin prick test (SPT) and serum specific IgE (ssIgE) to cat sensitization, by performing nasal challenge test (NCT) in a community with low cat ownership but common presence of stray cats. Patients and methods. Forty-one pa-tients with perennial allergic rhinitis (AR) who were mono or polysensitized (including cat) were included...
January 17, 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Xi Wang, Cheng Chen, Nan Zhang, Jiang Li, Fei Deng, Hualin Wang, Just M Vlak, Zhihong Hu, Manli Wang
Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) orf5 (ac5) is a group I alphabaculovirus-specific gene of unknown function, although the protein (AC5) was previously reported to be associated with the per os infectivity factor (PIF) complex. The purpose of this study was to study the dynamics of AC5 during AcMNPV infection and to verify whether it is indeed a component of the PIF complex. Transcription and expression analyses suggested that ac5 is a late viral gene. An ac5-deleted recombinant AcMNPV was generated by homologous recombination...
February 21, 2018: Journal of General Virology
J Jiménez-López, P Ortega-Barrales, A Ruiz-Medina
One of the most used agrochemicals in agricultural production, nitenpyram (NTP), has been determined by using a flow-through optosensing device based on Photochemically Induced Fluorescence (PIF) detection. The combination of both methodologies allows, on one hand, a quick on-line photodegradation of NTP and, on the other hand, the preconcentration, quantification and desorption of the fluorescent photoproduct generated when retained on Sephadex QAE-A25 as solid support, which was monitored at 295 and 362 nm for excitation and emission, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Marcia S Volpe, Juliane M Naves, Gabriel G Ribeiro, Gualberto Ruas, Mauro R Tucci
INTRODUCTION: Manual hyperinflation (MH), a maneuver applied in mechanically ventilated patients to facilitate secretion removal, has large variation in its performance. Effectiveness of MH is usually evaluated by its capacity to generate an expiratory flow bias. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of MH-and its resulting flow bias-applied according to clinical practice versus according to expert recommendation on mucus movement in a lung model simulating a mechanically ventilated patient...
2018: PloS One
Gabriella B Oliveira, Luciana C A Regitano, Aline S M Cesar, James M Reecy, Karina Y Degaki, Mirele D Poleti, Andrezza M Felício, James E Koltes, Luiz L Coutinho
BACKGROUND: The amount of intramuscular fat can influence the sensory characteristics and nutritional value of beef, thus the selection of animals with adequate fat deposition is important to the consumer. There is growing knowledge about the genes and pathways that control the biological processes involved in fat deposition in muscle. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) belong to a well-conserved class of non-coding small RNAs that modulate gene expression across a range of biological functions in animal development and physiology...
February 7, 2018: BMC Genomics
Xinjie Song, Shruti Shukla, Myunghee Kim
Cronobacter species are foodborne pathogens that can affect the human central nervous system. Survivors of Cronobacter infections often suffer from severe neurological impairments, including hydrocephalus, quadriplegia, and developmental delays in all ages, especially in infants and the immunocompromised. Moreover, Cronobacter species pose a high risk in powdered infant formula (PIF) because PIF is a major source of nutrition for infants worldwide. To develop a rapid and sensitive detection method for Cronobacter species in PIF, immunoliposomes and immunomagnetic nanoparticles were synthesized, after which an immunoliposome-based immunomagnetic concentration and separation assay was developed and applied to PIF for the detection of Cronobacter species...
June 2018: Food Microbiology
V B Krylov, D A Argunov, A S Solovev, M I Petruk, A G Gerbst, A S Dmitrenok, A S Shashkov, J-P Latgé, N E Nifantiev
The synthesis of model oligosaccharides related to antigenic galactomannans of the dangerous fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus has been performed employing pyranoside-into-furanoside (PIF) rearrangement and controlled O(5) → O(6) benzoyl migration as key synthetic methods. The prepared compounds along with some previously synthesized oligosaccharides were studied by NMR spectroscopy with the full assignment of 1H and 13C signals and the determination of 13C NMR glycosylation effects. The obtained NMR database on 13C NMR chemical shifts for oligosaccharides representing galactomannan fragments forms the basis for further structural analysis of galactomannan related polysaccharides by a non-destructive approach based on the calculation of the 13C NMR spectra of polysaccharides by additive schemes...
January 29, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Sabrina Naz, Andrew Page, Kingsley Emwinyore Agho
Background: Solid fuel use is the major source of household air pollution (HAP) and accounts for a substantial burden of morbidity and mortality in low and middle income countries. To evaluate and compare childhood mortality attributable to HAP in four South Asian countries. Methods: A series of Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) datasets for Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan were used for analysis. Estimates of relative risk and exposure prevalence relating to use of cooking fuel and under-five mortality were used to calculate population attributable fractions (PAFs) for each country...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
Li-Peng Shan, Xiao-Hui Chen, Fei Ling, Bin Zhu, Gao-Xue Wang
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) hemorrhagic disease, caused by grass carp reovirus (GCRV), has been a serious problem in grass carp aquaculture for several decades. Characterization of the primary host factors associated with host-virus interaction is critical for understanding how a virus infects its host cell and these host factors can be antiviral targets. This study aimed to screen host factors that interacted with GCRV in the C. idella kidney (CIK) cells and used them as antiviral targets. Twelve proteins were identified by virus overlay protein binding assay and LC-MS-MS...
January 16, 2018: Virus Research
Guiomar Martín, Arnau Rovira, Nil Veciana, Judit Soy, Gabriela Toledo-Ortiz, Charlotte M M Gommers, Marc Boix, Rossana Henriques, Eugenio G Minguet, David Alabadí, Karen J Halliday, Pablo Leivar, Elena Monte
Plants coordinate their growth and development with the environment through integration of circadian clock and photosensory pathways. In Arabidopsis thaliana, rhythmic hypocotyl elongation in short days (SD) is enhanced at dawn by the basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTORS (PIFs) directly inducing expression of growth-related genes [1-6]. PIFs accumulate progressively during the night and are targeted for degradation by active phytochromes in the light, when growth is reduced...
January 9, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Yong Gao, Meiqin Wu, Mengjiao Zhang, Wei Jiang, Xiaoyun Ren, Enxing Liang, Dongping Zhang, Changquan Zhang, Ning Xiao, Yan Li, Yi Dai, Jianmin Chen
Phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs) play major roles in regulating plant growth and development, but their roles in drought stress remain elusive. Here, we cloned and characterized a maize (Zea mays) PIF transcription factor, ZmPIF1. The expression level of ZmPIF1 was significantly induced by independent drought and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments. The ZmPIF1 transgenic rice and Arabidopsis displayed water-saving and drought-resistance, which were associated with reduced a stomatal aperture and transpiration rate...
January 11, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Min Yang, Yixuan Yang, Sha She, Sanglin Li
Despite the use of adjuvant therapies, the cumulative proportion of live births remains at ~40%. Accumulating data show that low pregnancy rates, even in the presence of high fertility rates, are due to implantation failure. The present study aimed to identify and construct a profile of proteins that react with preimplantation factor (PIF) and to provide an understanding into the molecular mechanisms by which PIF promotes trophoblast invasion. Cytoplasmic proteins were immunoprecipitated with biotin‑labeled synthetic PIF or intralipid and scrambled PIF (PIFscr)...
December 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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