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Bharathkanth Reddy M
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January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Alberto Francesco Cereda, Patrizia Pedrotti, Lucio De Capitani, Cristina Giannattasio, Alberto Roghi
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis characterized by hypereosinophilia. EGPA typically develops in three clinical phases, beginning with asthma, followed by tissue eosinophilia and finally systemic vasculitis. Cardiac involvement is the most important predictor of mortality; it occurs in approximately 15-60% of EGPA patients, a significant proportion of whom are asymptomatic and have normal electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram...
October 7, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Shefali Agrawal, Sandeep Vohra, Sangeeta Rawat, Vikas Kashyap
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare condition characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract. Depending on the dominant layer of infiltration it is classified into three types namely, mucosal, muscularis and subserosal. The most uncommon variant is the subserosal type characterized by primarily subserosal disease, eosinophilic ascites and peripheral hypereosinophilia. The clinical features are non-specific with history of atopic predisposition and allergy. Endoscopic biopsy is frequently non-diagnostic due to an uninvolved gastrointestinal mucosa rendering its diagnosis a challenge...
September 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Shunsuke Minakata, Naoki Sakata, Norihisa Wada, Yuhei Konishi, Satoshi Marutani, Takuji Enya, Hidenori Nakagawa, Hiroshi Wada, Tsukasa Takemura
Transient abnormal myelopoesis is mostly self-resolving and has a good prognosis, but some patients subsequently die of liver fibrosis. We report the case of an infant with Down syndrome who developed life-threatening liver fibrosis at the same time as the blasts were about to disappear. This patient also had a marked increase in eosinophils, which were possibly harboring a GATA1 mutation and were expressing a high level of platelet-derived growth factor-B mRNA; these may have been involved in the development of liver fibrosis...
October 6, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Laura K Johnston, Chia-Lin Hsu, Rebecca A Krier-Burris, Krishan D Chhiba, Karen B Chien, Andrew McKenzie, Sergejs Berdnikovs, Paul J Bryce
Eosinophils are important in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including asthma, eosinophilic esophagitis, and eczema. Whereas IL-5 is crucial for supporting mature eosinophils (EoMs), the signals that support earlier eosinophil lineage events are less defined. The IL-33R, ST2, is expressed on several inflammatory cells, including eosinophils, and is best characterized for its role during the initiation of allergic responses in peripheral tissues. Recently, ST2 expression was described on hematopoietic progenitor subsets, where its function remains controversial...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Chen Xiaohong, X U Yiping, L U Meiping
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics and etiology of hypereosinophilia in children. METHODS: Clinical data of 88 children with hypereosinophilia admitted in Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine during April 2009 and May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical manifestations, etiologies, and the correlation of disease severity with different etiologies were analyzed. RESULTS: The main clinical manifestations were fever, abdominal pain, cough and/or tachypnea, skin rash, hemafecia and diarrhea, which were observed in 19 (21...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
F Sbrana, B Loggini, S Galimberti, M Coceani, M Latorre, V Seccia, S L'Abbate, M Mosca, E M Pasanisi, C Baldini
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis (EGPA) is an uncommon ANCA-associated systemic small-vessel necrotizing vasculitis. At times, EGPA presenting manifestations can be very different from the usually recognized disease patterns. We report a 52-year-old female patient with 3 years history of itching. During the time occurred a chronic skin lichenification on her legs and gradually developed a full-blown ANCA-MPO positive EGPA in combination with blood hypereosinophilia, eosinophilic vasculitis at skin biopsy, subclinical asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis...
April 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Alparslan Merdin, Emine Ogur, Çiğdem Çiçek Kolak, Fatma Avcı Merdin
Toxocariasis is a parasitic disease caused by the larval stage of Toxocara cati and T. canis, which live in the intestinal system of cats (T. cati) and dogs (T. canis). Infective eggs can enter the gastrointestinal system by the oral route via foods contaminated with feces of dogs or cats or via dirty contaminated hands. The larvae penetrate the small intestine and migrate to visceral organs by systemic circulation. Hypereosinophilia is a common finding in the tissue invasion of parasites. Serological methods are the principle diagnostic methods for toxocariasis...
June 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Yuichi Saito, Sho Okada, Nobusada Funabashi, Yoshio Kobayashi
A 59-year-old woman with a history of bronchial asthma presented with a prolonged fever and eosinophilia. There was transient proteinuria and troponin level was elevated. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody was negative and she did not fulfil criteria for eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis (EGPA). Echocardiography showed a large apical mass in the left ventricle, but there was no systolic dysfunction, local asynergy or ventricular remodelling. On MRI, apical mass was compatible with a thrombus and endocardial region was diffusely damaged...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Elena Ramírez, Nicolás Medrano-Casique, Hoi Y Tong, Teresa Bellón, Rosario Cabañas, Ana Fiandor, Jessica González-Ramos, Pedro Herranz, Elena Trigo, Mario Muñoz, Alberto M Borobia, Antonio J Carcas, Jesús Frías
AIM: We conducted a prospective evaluation of all eosinophilic drug reactions (EDRs) through the Prospective Pharmacovigilance Program from Laboratory Signals at Hospital to find out the incidence and distribution of these entities in our hospital, their causative drugs, and predictors. METHODS: All peripheral eosinophilia >700 × 10(6)  cells l(-1) detected at admission or during hospitalisation, were prospectively monitored over 42 months. The spectrum of the localised or systemic manifestation of EDR, the incidence, the distribution of causative drugs, and the predictors were analysed...
August 20, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
F Medhioub Kaaniche, R Allela, N Ben Algia, S Cherif, M Attar, I Frikha, M Mnif
BACKGROUND: DRESS (Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms) is a rare syndrome triggered by an immunological reaction to certain drugs and which may be life-threatening as a result of the onset of severe organ involvement. It is characterised by a long period from the time of drug therapy to the onset of actual signs. Herein, we report the case of 42-year-old female patient who developed DRESS one month after beginning allopurinol treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 42-year-old woman was hospitalised for febrile exanthema with facial oedema, polyadenopathy, mononucleosis syndrome, major hypereosinophilia and hepatic cytolysis...
August 11, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Manolya Acar, Murat Sutcu, Ozge Umur, Hacer Akturk, Selda Hancerli Torun, Zeynep Tamay, Nuran Salman, Ayper Somer
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome can be encountered with hypereosinophilia and hyperimmunoglobulin E (hyper-IgE) values, though these levels are rarely so high to be compared with hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome. A 9-year-old boy presented with the complaint of fatigue, weakness, weight loss and generalized pruritic rash lasting for a year. He had frequent respiratory tract infections, wheezing episodes and urticarial skin lesions before that. On admission, he was cachectic and he had generalized lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, oral moniliasis and pruritic rash all over his body...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Hiroyuki Hirai, Emi Ogata, Nobuyuki Kikuchi, Teruyuki Kohno, Noritaka Machii, Koji Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Hiroaki Satoh
BACKGROUND: Liraglutide is one of the glucagon-like peptide-1 analogs; there are only a few reports of liraglutide being used for the treatment of insulin allergy. Furthermore, anti-insulin immunoglobulin G antibodies are occasionally detected in patients with diabetes. Hence, we report a case in which switching to liraglutide therapy ameliorated both the symptoms of insulin allergy with hypereosinophilia and the characteristics of insulin antibodies in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mohammed Shafi Abdulsalam, Hari Chandana Ghanta, Prabu Pandurangan, Maya Menon, Sheba S K Jacob
Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterised by marked peripheral eosinophilia and end organ damage attributable to eosinophilia without secondary cause. Early recognition and treatment are essential to prevent morbidity and mortality. Cytoreduction with Steroids, Hydroxyurea and Imatinib are the main stay of treatment. Molecular studies like Fip1-like-1 fused with platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (FIP1L1-PDGFRα) etc., are recommended in view of therapeutic implication...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
G A Zakout
A young patient with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presented with new onset respiratory symptoms and hypereosinophilia in the early stage post high-dose therapy/ autologous stem cell rescue. Here we present a step-wise practical approach to this unexpected laboratory finding for a not uncommon infective complication in the immunosuppressed patient. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 16, 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Arjun Lakshman, Ram V Nampoothiri, Arjun Datt Law, Pankaj Malhotra, Subhash C Varma
Hypereosinophilia is an uncommon clinical problem encountered in hematology practice. While most of such cases are secondary or reactive, a significant fraction of cases are due to clonal myeloproliferative disorders. We report a young patient who presented with marked hypereosinophilia and was investigated extensively for its cause. Finally a common tropical infection was responsible for such marked eosinophilia fulfilling the principle of Occam's razor. The case emphasizes the need to search for treatable reactive causes even in presence of marked hypereosinophilia in a tropical country...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
F Fama, A Sindoni, G Tchernev, A A Chokoeva, U Wollina, T Lotti, G K Maximov, J W Patterson, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, A Ieni, A Cascio, M Gioffre-Florio, C Guarneri
We present a case of a 27 year-old Malian male referred to our hospital for two large, painless retroauricolar masses that had appeared two years earlier. Bilateral cervical painless lymphadenopathy was present at physical examination, without any other systemic symptoms. His history was relevant for bilateral Kimura’s disease lesions resected 5 years earlier in the same locations. Lymphocytosis and a mild hypereosinophilia were found in routine blood tests, together with increased total IgE levels. After surgery, histology showed lymphoid infiltrates with reactive prominent germinal centres containing eosinophils, suggesting relapse of Kimura’s disease, in the context of nonencapsulated fibrous proliferation with discontinuous collagen fibers, consistent with keloid...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
D Jorge, C Strady, B Guy, G Deslée, F Lebargy, S Dury
INTRODUCTION: Toxocariasis is a parasitosis which complicates the accidental infestation of the humans by larvae of a roundworms belonging of the genus Toxocara. In adults, the discovery is often incidental during a hypereosinophilia check-up. Clinical signs are not specific and depend on affected organs. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 53-year-old-woman who has consulted for a recent cough, after spontaneous resolution of abdominal pain. The laboratory examination isolated an hypereosinophilia and the liver sonography showed two hypoechogenic nodules...
August 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
Sa A Wang, Wayne Tam, Albert G Tsai, Daniel A Arber, Robert P Hasserjian, Julia T Geyer, Tracy I George, David R Czuchlewski, Kathryn Foucar, Heesun J Rogers, Eric D Hsi, B Bryan Rea, Adam Bagg, Paola Dal Cin, Chong Zhao, Todd W Kelley, Srdan Verstovsek, Carlos Bueso-Ramos, Attilio Orazi
The distinction between chronic eosinophilic leukemia, not otherwise specified and idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome largely relies on clonality assessment. Prior to the advent of next-generation sequencing, clonality was usually determined by cytogenetic analysis. We applied targeted next-generation sequencing panels designed for myeloid neoplasms to bone marrow specimens from a cohort of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome patients (n=51), and assessed the significance of mutations in conjunction with clinicopathological features...
August 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Kenji Yasuda, Noriaki Minami, Yoko Yoshikawa, Takeshi Taketani, Seiji Fukuda, Seiji Yamaguchi
We report the case of an infant girl with incontinentia pigmenti (IP) complicated by fatal pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). She was diagnosed with IP, based on the presence of specific skin lesions, neonatal seizures, hypereosinophilia and a maternal family history of IP. At the age of 2 months, she was diagnosed with PAH on systolic heart murmur due to tricuspid valve regurgitation. Despite several treatments for PAH but not including epoprostenol, severe PAH persisted and she died of pulmonary hypertensive crisis at the age of 5 months...
May 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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