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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782811/the-longitudinal-relationship-between-motor-competence-and-measures-of-fatness-and-fitness-from-childhood-into-adolescence
#1
Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Anna Bugge, Annette K Ersbøll, David F Stodden, Lars B Andersen
OBJECTIVES: To examine longitudinal (seven years) relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak ), body fatness, and motor competence. METHOD: Data were collected as part of the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS). Body fatness was assessed by the sum of four skinfolds. VO2peak was measured directly in a continuous running protocol. Motor competence was assessed using the Körperkoordinationtest für Kinder. This study used multilevel linear mixed models to evaluate the reciprocal longitudinal association between body fatness, VO2peak , and motor competence...
May 18, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780761/a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-in-barcelona-poiba-project-study-protocol-of-the-intervention
#2
Francesca Sánchez-Martínez, Olga Juárez, Gemma Serral, Sara Valmayor, Rosa Puigpinós, María Isabel Pasarín, Élia Díez, Carles Ariza
Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-olds. Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779123/pulmonary-valve-replacement-after-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#3
REVIEW
Hideki Tatewaki, Akira Shiose
In this review article, we describe pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) late after repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Since the introduction of surgical intervention for patients with TOF in 1945, surgical management of TOF has dramatically improved early survival with mortality rates, less than 2-3%. However, the majority of these patients continue to experience residual right ventricular outflow tract pathology, most commonly pulmonary valve regurgitation (PR). The patients are generally asymptomatic during childhood and adolescence and, however, are at risk for severe PR later which can result in exercise intolerance, heart failure, arrhythmias, and sudden death...
May 19, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773777/seeking-biomarkers-of-early-childhood-malnutrition-s-long-term-effects
#4
Pedro A Valdés-Sosa, Janina R Galler, Cyralene P Bryce, Arielle G Rabinowitz, María L Bringas-Vega, Nibaldo Hernández-Mesa, Alberto Taboada-Crispi
Protein-energy malnutrition affects one in nine people worldwide and is most prevalent among children aged less than five years in low-income countries. Early childhood malnutrition can have damaging neurodevelopmental effects, with significant increases in cognitive, neurological and mental health problems over the lifespan, outcomes which can also extend to the next generation. This article describes a research collaboration involving scientists from five centers in Barbados, China, Cuba and the USA. It builds on longer-term joint work between the Barbados Nutrition Study (which, over a 45-year span, has extensively documented nutritional, health, behavioral, social and economic outcomes of individuals who experienced protein-energy malnutrition in the first year of life and healthy controls from the same classrooms and neighborhoods) and the Cuban Neuroscience Center (which has developed low-cost brain imaging methods that can be readily used in low income settings to identify biomarkers for early detection and treatment of adverse consequences of childhood malnutrition)...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773151/changes-in-body-image-and-onset-of-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-over-a-five-year-longitudinal-follow-up
#5
Alda Troncone, Crescenzo Cascella, Antonietta Chianese, Ilaria Galiero, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over a five-year period in body image accuracy and dissatisfaction, as well as relationships with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Of 81 children (42 male, 39 female) with type 1 diabetes first assessed at ages 5.1-10.06 years, 67 (83%) were re-enrolled and interviewed as adolescents (aged 10.07-15.08 years) at follow-up. DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771760/cutaneous-manifestations-of-nutritional-deficiency
#6
Ramrada Lekwuttikarn, Joyce M C Teng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Childhood malnutrition is a major global health issue. It is often thought of as a developing world problem and therefore, underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed in developed countries. The delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Cutaneous manifestations are often the initial presenting signs of nutritional deficiency. Early recognition is essential in timely initiation of the necessary interventions. This article will review pertinent cutaneous findings and systemic manifestations associated with common nutritional deficiencies...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#7
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#8
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767424/cultural-adaptations-of-evidence-based-home-visitation-models-in-tribal-communities
#9
Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Myra E Parker, Jenae Sanchez, Rebecca Riley, Debra Heath, Julianna C Chomo, Moushumi Beltangady, Michelle Sarche
The Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (Tribal MIECHV) Program provides federal grants to tribes, tribal consortia, tribal organizations, and urban Indian organizations to implement evidence-based home-visiting services for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) families. To date, only one evidence-based home-visiting program has been developed for use in AI/AN communities. The purpose of this article is to describe the steps that four Tribal MIECHV Programs took to assess community needs, select a home-visiting model, and culturally adapt the model for use in AI/AN communities...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764528/symptomatic-myocardial-bridging-a-frequently-occurring-coronary-variation-can-cause-severe-myocardial-ischaemia-in-affected-children-with-underlying-cardiac-conditions
#10
Alexandra Kiess, Marcel Vollroth, Farhad Bakhtiary, Hiroshi Seki, Martin Kostelka, Milan Djukic, Ingo Daehnert, Robert Wagner
Myocardial bridging is a congenital coronary artery anomaly in which the coronary artery has a partly "tunnelled" intramyocardial course. This tunnelling leads to compression of the affected vessel segment during ventricular systole. It is considered to be a benign variation of the norm in about 25% of the population caused by an aberrancy of embryologic coronary development. The bridging is also thought to cause severe cardiac conditions in a few of those affected. The series of six young patients presented here is the largest series so far to report on symptomatic myocardial bridging in children with different underlying heart diseases...
May 16, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763658/event-related-potential-analysis-techniques-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Priyalakshmi Sheela, Subha D Puthankattil
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) comprise all pervasive neurodevelopmental diseases marked by deficits in social and communication skills, delayed cognitive development, restricted and repetitive behaviors. The core symptoms begin in early childhood, may continue life-long resulting in poor performance in adult stage. Event-related potential (ERP) is basically a time-locked electroencephalogram signal elicited by various stimuli, related to sensory and cognitive processes. The various ERP based techniques used for the study of ASD are considered in this review...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757941/exploring-how-the-home-environment-influences-eating-and-physical-activity-habits-of-low-income-latino-children-of-predominantly-immigrant-families-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Faith D Lees, Mary L Greaney
Latinos are the largest and fastest growing minority population group in the United States, and children in low-income Latino families are at elevated risk of becoming overweight or having obesity. A child’s home is an important social environment in which he/she develops and maintains dietary and physical activity (PA) habits that ultimately impact weight status. Previous research suggests the parents are central to creating a home environment that facilitates or hinders the development of children’s early healthy eating and PA habits...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753329/a-37-year-old-nigerian-woman-with-apert-syndrome-medical-and-psychosocial-perspectives-a-case-report
#13
M A Kana, T S Baduku, H Bello-Manga, A S Baduku
BACKGROUND: Apert syndrome is a rare genetic disease that presents a diagnostic dilemma because of its similarity with other craniosynostosis syndromes. Currently, there is paucity of reports about adult patients in African medical literature. Therefore, this case report highlights medical and psychosocial problems associated with the disease in an adult woman who is resident in a resource-constrained setting. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient is a 37-year-old African woman...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750769/updates-on-adolescent-dating-and-sexual-violence-prevention-and-intervention
#14
Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Heather L McCauley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dating and sexual violence victimization are not uncommon in early adolescence and increase in prevalence throughout adolescence into young adulthood with profound health and social consequences. Greater attention to what works in prevention is needed to inform current policies and practices. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescent dating violence (ADV) and sexual violence victimization, including cyber dating abuse, are highly prevalent among adolescents...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745939/antiviral-treatment-of-childhood-influenza-an-update
#15
Amaran Moodley, John S Bradley, David W Kimberlin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Influenza virus can cause severe or life-threatening infection in children. This review provides an update on antiviral medications available to treat and prevent influenza in both healthy children and children with underlying medical conditions, and recommendations on their appropriate use in the outpatient and inpatient settings. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite the significant morbidity and mortality associated with influenza infection, a large number of children hospitalized with influenza do not receive specific antiviral treatment with a neuraminidase inhibitor...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744612/maternal-non-glycemic-contributors-to-fetal-growth-in-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-spotlight-on-lipids
#16
REVIEW
Linda A Barbour, Teri L Hernandez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Excess fetal growth is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for childhood obesity, and mounting evidence supports that maternal glucose is not the only driver. This review focuses on the role of clinically applicable maternal non-glycemic contributors to excess fetal growth, particularly lipids, in addition to amino acids (AA), insulin resistance, inflammation, maternal nutrition, and gestational weight gain (GWG) in obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
May 9, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742755/family-socioeconomic-status-cortisol-and-physical-health-in-early-childhood-the-role-of-advantageous-neighborhood-characteristics
#17
Danielle S Roubinov, Melissa J Hagan, W Thomas Boyce, Nancy E Adler, Nicole R Bush
OBJECTIVE: Children from families with lower socioeconomic status (SES) evidence greater physiological dysregulation and poorer health. Despite recognition of environmental contributors, little is known about the influence of neighborhood characteristics. The present study examined the moderating role of community-level risks and resources on the relation of family SES to children's daily cortisol output and physical health during the kindergarten year. METHODS: In fall and spring of kindergarten, children's (n = 338) daily total cortisol was measured and parents and teachers rated children's global physical health...
May 7, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742613/perceptual-and-structural-facilitators-and-barriers-to-becoming-a-surgeon-a-qualitative-study-of-african-american-and-latino-surgeons
#18
Jesus G Ulloa, Omar Viramontes, Gery Ryan, Kenneth Wells, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, Gerardo Moreno
PURPOSE: As racial and ethnic heterogeneity in the U.S. population increases, it is important that the health care workforce, including surgery, mirror that diversity. Structural and perceptual barriers may contribute to an underrepresentation of African-American and Latino surgeons. Understanding these barriers may translate into interventions, and in turn, improved diversification of the U.S. surgery workforce. METHOD: In 2016, the authors conducted in-depth semistructured interviews to explore structural and perceptual barriers African-American and Latino surgeons face...
May 8, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740100/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-fetal-growth-vary-during-sensitive-periods-in-pregnancy
#19
Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Katherine L Grantz, Jagteshwar Grewal, Cuilin Zhang, Germaine M Buck Louis, Fasil Tekola-Ayele
Aberrant fetal growth is associated with morbidities and mortality during childhood and adult life. Although genetic and environmental factors are known to influence in utero growth, their relative contributions over pregnancy is unknown. We estimated, across gestation, the genetic heritability, contribution of shared environment, and genetic correlations of fetal growth measures (abdominal circumference (AC), humerus length (HL), femur length (FL), and estimated fetal weight (EFW)) in a prospective cohort of dichorionic twin gestations recruited through the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739842/development-and-testing-of-a-smartphone-application-prototype-for-oral-health-promotion
#20
Sara L Nolen, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon, Linda D Boyd, Lori Rainchuso
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a smartphone application (app) prototype, ToothSense, as an oral health promotion tool for the prevention of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Methods: A quantitative and qualitative design process based on the TPB was used for the app development in the first phase of the study. A behavioral intervention technologic model was used to document the app features design, accounting for Doshi's intervention strategies for the TPB...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
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