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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937639/sleep-disorders-in-childhood-neurological-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Abdullah Tolaymat, Zhao Liu
Sleep problems are frequently addressed as a primary or secondary concern during the visit to the pediatric neurology clinic. Sleep disorders can mimic other neurologic diseases (e.g., epilepsy and movement disorders), and this adds challenges to the diagnostic process. Sleep disorders can significantly affect the quality of life and functionality of children in general and those with comorbid neurological diseases in particular. Understanding the pathophysiology of sleep disorders, recognizing the implications of sleep disorder in children with neurologic diseases and behavioral difficulties, and early intervention continue to evolve resulting in better neurocognitive outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937451/cognitive-and-psychosocial-functioning-of-preschool-aged-children-with-cancer
#2
Victoria W Willard, Lauren E Cox, Kathryn M Russell, Ansley Kenney, Niki Jurbergs, Andrew E Molnar, Jennifer L Harman
OBJECTIVE: Most children with cancer are diagnosed in early childhood, potentially resulting in missed developmental opportunities. The most common diagnoses-brain tumors, leukemia-are also associated with increased risk of neurocognitive deficits. Unfortunately, research regarding the functioning of preschool-aged children with cancer is limited. Our objective is to describe the cognitive and psychosocial functioning of preschool-aged children with cancer who completed a clinical evaluation at a hospital-based psychology clinic...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936391/evaluation-of-a-multi-year-policy-focused-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-related-behaviors-in-lower-resourced-early-care-and-education-settings-active-early-2-0
#3
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Jill Hoiting, Abbe Braun, Tara L LaRowe, Alexandra K Adams
Physical activity is a critical component of obesity prevention, but few interventions targeting early childhood have been described. The Active Early guide was designed to increase physical activity in early care and education (ECE) settings. The purpose of Active Early 2.0 was to evaluate the effectiveness of Active Early along with provider training, microgrant support, and technical assistance over 2 years (2012-2014) to increase physical activity and related behaviors (e.g., nutrition) in settings serving a high proportion of children from underserved groups in recognition of significant disparities in obesity and challenges meeting physical activity recommendations in low-resource settings...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934213/sports-engagement-and-age-at-first-myocardial-infarction-in-men-under-55-years-of-age
#4
Christoph Janggen, Christoph Gräni, Jonas Brunner, Lukas D Trachsel, Stephan Windecker, Prisca Eser, Lorenz Räber, Matthias Wilhelm
OBJECTIVE: Low levels of physical activity in childhood are associated with clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) as predisposition for atherosclerosis. We assessed the association between sports engagement and age at first myocardial infarction (MI) in a cohort of men under 55 years of age. METHODS: The Bern percutaneous coronary intervention Registry (NCT 02241291) was analyzed from March 2009 until January 2012. Male patients with first MI, age 18 to 54 years and body mass index ≤25kg/m2 were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933421/severe-childhood-malnutrition
#5
REVIEW
Zulfiqar A Bhutta, James A Berkley, Robert H J Bandsma, Marko Kerac, Indi Trehan, André Briend
The main forms of childhood malnutrition occur predominantly in children <5 years of age living in low-income and middle-income countries and include stunting, wasting and kwashiorkor, of which severe wasting and kwashiorkor are commonly referred to as severe acute malnutrition. Here, we use the term 'severe malnutrition' to describe these conditions to better reflect the contributions of chronic poverty, poor living conditions with pervasive deficits in sanitation and hygiene, a high prevalence of infectious diseases and environmental insults, food insecurity, poor maternal and fetal nutritional status and suboptimal nutritional intake in infancy and early childhood...
September 21, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931384/early-food-for-future-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ehealth-intervention-aiming-to-promote-healthy-food-habits-from-early-childhood
#6
Christine Helle, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Mona Linge Omholt, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health challenge. Primary prevention initiatives targeting parents have been called for to encourage a positive feeding environment and healthy eating habits that may lay a good foundation for future health. At the same time, there is a need for interventions which combine accessibility and scalability with cost effectiveness. Today's parents are extensive Internet-users, but only a few randomized controlled trials have investigated the use of Internet to promote healthy eating habits in early childhood...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929805/-it-feels-like-something-difficult-is-coming-back-to-haunt-me-an-exploration-of-meltdowns-associated-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-from-a-parental-perspective
#7
Indiana Montaque, Rudi Dallos, Becky McKenzie
The research explored the experience and understandings expressed by parents of children with autism concerning 'meltdowns', which are commonly described as distressing, escalating episodes of conflicts. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six parents of children with a diagnosis of autism regarding their experience of 'meltdowns'. Parents were asked to track the process of the meltdowns as well as to describe their experiences. Three over-arching themes emerged which encapsulated their experience: Living in Dread: Anxiety and fear of escalating patterns, Attempting to Correct for Negative Childhood Experiences and Condemnation from the Self and Others...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928463/widespread-prevalence-of-a-crebrf-variant-amongst-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-children-is-associated-with-weight-and-height-in-early-childhood
#8
S D Berry, C G Walker, K Ly, R G Snell, P E A Carr, D Bandara, J Mohal, T G Castro, E Marks, S M B Morton, C C Grant
OBJECTIVE: Investigating a large and ethnically diverse cohort from the Pacific region, we aimed to replicate and extend the recently reported findings that a CREBRF genetic variant is strongly associated with body mass index in Samoans. METHODS: A birth cohort of more than six thousand children was utilised. In this study, genotyping of two markers (rs12513649 and rs37386328) was undertaken in Māori, Pacific, European and Asian individuals in the cohort. RESULTS: We report that these CREBRF genetic variants are not confined to Samoans but are prevalent in all other Pacific populations sampled, including Māori...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926990/implementing-a-health-and-wellbeing-programme-for-children-in-early-childhood-a-preliminary-study
#9
Karen Munday, Megan Wilson
In New Zealand, there is a high prevalence of childhood poverty and food insecurity, which can impact a family's ability to provide high quality, nutrient dense foods for their children. In an attempt to increase the quality of the food consumed by children attending a decile two (low socio-economic) kindergarten and to address food insecurity issues, an educational health and wellness initiative, in conjunction with a free lunch programme, was introduced. The impact of the lunches and the effectiveness of the programme were evaluated...
September 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925955/investing-in-the-early-childhood-mental-health-workforce-development-enhancing-professionals-competencies-to-support-emotion-and-behavior-regulation-in-young-children
#10
Shulamit N Ritblatt, Audrey Hokoda, Charles Van Liew
This paper delineates a preventive approach to early childhood mental health by preparing the workforce to provide relational, sensitive care to young children ages 0-5. One of the most prevalent issues in early childhood is behavioral challenges and the inability of young children to regulate themselves. This leads to an expulsion rate in early childhood (3-4 times higher than K-12 expulsion rate) and future mental health issues. The Early Childhood Social-Emotional and Behavior Regulation Intervention Specialist (EC-SEBRIS) graduate level certificate program was created to strengthen early care and education providers with the knowledge and practice of how to support emotion and behavior regulation in young children in their groups...
September 19, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924333/childhood-adversities-and-depression-in-adulthood-current-findings-and-future-directions
#11
Richard T Liu
Considerable support exists supporting a relationship between childhood adversities and adult depression. Consistent evidence has emerged linking early life adversities with a more chronic course for depression, as well as to poorer treatment outcomes. What remain decidedly less clear, however, are the moderators and mediating mechanisms underlying this association. This article provides a review of the existing research relating early adversities to adult depression, as well as recent studies suggestive of potential mediators and moderators of this relation...
June 2017: Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923199/associations-of-short-sleep-duration-with-childhood-obesity-and-weight-gain-summary-of-a-presentation-to-the-national-academy-of-science-s-roundtable-on-obesity-solutions
#12
Tayla Ash, Elsie M Taveras
This article summarizes a presentation made in February 2017 as part of the National Academy of Sciences' Roundtable on Obesity Solutions webinar, "The Potential Role of Sleep in Obesity Prevention and Management: A Virtual Workshop." Briefly described are the patterns of childhood sleep duration in the United States, the state of the science relating insufficient sleep to overweight and obesity in infancy and early childhood, and the potential mechanisms for the association. Also discussed are intervention efforts to date...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919115/global-regional-and-national-under-5-mortality-adult-mortality-age-specific-mortality-and-life-expectancy-1970-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can identify exemplars for best practice. To accomplish this, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) estimated age-specific and sex-specific all-cause mortality between 1970 and 2016 for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for the five countries with a population greater than 200 million in 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#14
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#15
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910996/think-adult-think-child-why-should-staff-caring-for-dying-adults-ask-what-the-death-means-for-children-in-the-family
#16
Sir Al Aynsley-Green
Introduction: Bereaved children and young people in the UK are 'hidden mourners'. Sources of data: Review of primary and secondary evidence on childhood bereavement. Area of agreement: Children experience grief that varies according to the circumstance of death and their cognitive ability. Voluntary organizations can be supportive, but provision is patchy and vulnerable to austerity. Areas of concern: Adult-centric denial of the importance and long-term consequences of childhood grief; uncertainty in how best to relate to bereaved children in faiths and in schools...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905840/giant-eyelid-eccrine-hidrocystoma-induced-progressive-ptosis-in-childhood
#17
Dhivya Ashok Kumar, Amar Agarwal
An upper lid eccrine hidrocystoma presenting as early childhood progressive ptosis is very rare. We present a 9-year-old female child with droopy right upper lid since birth and progressive increase in symptoms. She had right upper lid ptosis (marginal reflex distance 1 of -1 mm) with fair levator function (8 mm) and abnormal cystic change on the conjunctival side. Computerized tomography imaging delineated the well-defined cystic lesion with homogeneous cavity with no contrast enhancement. Following the cyst excision, a giant eccrine hidrocystoma measuring 25 mm × 15 mm was removed, the largest reported in pediatric eyes...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904511/the-fantasmatic-and-imaginary-child-of-the-pregnant-woman
#18
Simone Setterberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition, which makes women more vulnerable and in unfavorable conditions may lead to psychopathology in both mother and infant. It is essential to outline factors adversely affecting the resolution of this period. Early interventions and why they matter: Interventions during pregnancy can provide important improvement in the outcome for both maternal and infant mental health. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of antenatal anxiety and depression focusing particularly on maternal representations of the relationship towards the fetus and her own parents during pregnancy and the early postpartum period...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904215/everyday-exotropia-learning-from-the-littlest
#19
Judy L Petrunak
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early onset exodeviations in systemically and ocularly healthy young children, diagnosed at less than 1 year of age, may be of the constant, "infantile XT" type, or early X(T) type. The onset of common childhood X(T) is not clearly known. The purpose of this lecture is to discuss theories and characteristics of early onset exodeviations, and report on our observations of infantile XT and early X(T) at Children's Eye Care in Michigan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 470 cases of childhood exodeviations (ages 6 months to 15 years) were reviewed and met inclusion criteria of no prior surgical treatment, no ocular, CNS or craniofacial disease, and no significant prematurity...
January 2017: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898740/transition-from-children-s-to-adult-services-for-young-adults-with-life-limiting-conditions-a-realist-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Helen Kerr, Jayne Price, Honor Nicholl, Peter O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Improvements in care and treatment have led to more young adults with life-limiting conditions living beyond childhood, which means they must make the transition from children's to adult services. This has proved a challenging process for both young adults and service providers, with complex transition interventions interacting in unpredictable ways with local contexts. OBJECTIVES: To explain how intervention processes interact with contextual factors to help transition from children's to adult services for young adults with life-limiting conditions...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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