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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#1
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913605/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-associated-with-early-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-survivors
#2
Maurizio Delvecchio, Paola Muggeo, Mariantonietta Monteduro, Giuseppe Lassandro, Chiara Novielli, Federica Valente, Emanuela Salinaro, Annapaola Zito, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Nicola Santoro, Paola Giordano, Maria Felicia Faienza
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) survivors have an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to assess the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in childhood ALL and if it is associated with early cardiovascular dysfunction. METHODS: In total, 53 childhood ALL survivors and 34 controls underwent auxological evaluation, biochemical assay, liver, heart and vascular ultrasound study. RESULTS: NAFLD was more frequent in ALL patients than in controls (39...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911984/home-visitation-programs-an-untapped-opportunity-for-the-delivery-of-early-childhood-obesity-prevention
#3
S-J Salvy, K de la Haye, T Galama, M I Goran
BACKGROUND: Extant obesity efforts have had limited impact among low-income underserved children, in part because of limitations inherent to existing programs: (i) short duration and low intensity; (ii) late timing of implementation, when children are already overweight or obese; (iii) intervention delivery limiting their accessibility and sustainability; and (iv) failure to address barriers such as a lack of culturally competent services, poverty and housing instability, which interfere with healthy lifestyle changes...
December 2, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911585/early-lung-disease-in-infants-and-pre-school-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-what-have-we-learnt-and-what-should-we-do-about-it
#4
Sarath C Ranganathan, Graham L Hall, Peter D Sly, Stephen M Stick, Tonia A Douglas
The past decade has seen significant advances in understanding of the pathogenesis and progression of lung disease in cystic fibrosis. Pulmonary inflammation, infection and structural lung damage manifest very early in life and is prevalent among preschool children and infants, often in the absence of symptoms or signs. Early childhood represents a pivotal period amenable to intervention strategies that could delay or prevent the onset of lung damage and alter the longer term clinical trajectory for individuals with CF...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908645/a-brief-measure-of-language-skills-at-3-years-of-age-and-special-education-use-in-middle-childhood
#5
Laura Lee McIntyre, William E Pelham, Matthew H Kim, Thomas J Dishion, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a language screener administered during early childhood predicts special education referrals and placement in middle childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A series of logistic regressions was conducted in a longitudinal study of 731 children. Predictor variables included scores on the early language screener (Fluharty Preschool Speech and Language Screening Test-Second Edition [Fluharty-2]) at ages 3 and 4 years, a standardized measure of academic achievement at age 5 years, and parent report of special education services at ages 7...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#6
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902749/risk-factors-associated-with-renal-involvement-in-childhood-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-a-meta-analysis
#7
Han Chan, Yan-Ling Tang, Xiao-Hang Lv, Gao-Fu Zhang, Mo Wang, Hai-Ping Yang, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an important cause of chronic kidney disease in children. This meta-analysis identified risk factors associated with renal involvement in childhood HSP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. The quality of all eligible studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale criteria. An analysis of possible risk factors was conducted to report the odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900154/efficacy-of-gross-motor-skill-interventions-in-young-children-an-updated-systematic-review
#8
Sanne L C Veldman, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide an update of the evidence on the efficacy of gross motor development interventions in young children (0-5 years) from 2007 to 2015. METHODS: Searches were conducted of six electronic databases: PUBMED, Medline (Ovid), ERIC (Ebsco), Embase, SCOPUS and Psychinfo. Studies included any childcare-based, preschool-based, home-based, or community-based intervention targeting the development of gross motor skills including statistical analysis of gross motor skill competence...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896160/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-when-to-suspect-duplication-cyst-of-bowel-as-the-cause
#9
Rizwan Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Imran Ghani
BACKGROUND: Duplication cyst is a rare cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Their most common location is the small intestine. The clinical presentation is extremely variable depending upon its size, location and type and the age of the patient and are mainly encountered during infancy or early childhood. The diagnosis is very difficult in neonates. This study was undertaken to study their presentation, diagnostic modality of choice and further management in neonatal age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed at the Department of Paediatric Surgery, J ...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891102/the-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-directly-measured-child-language-and-parenting-behaviors
#10
Shannon K Bennetts, Fiona K Mensah, Elizabeth M Westrupp, Naomi J Hackworth, Sheena Reilly
Parenting behaviors are commonly targeted in early interventions to improve children's language development. Accurate measurement of both parenting behaviors and children's language outcomes is thus crucial for sensitive assessment of intervention outcomes. To date, only a small number of studies have compared parent-reported and directly measured behaviors, and these have been hampered by small sample sizes and inaccurate statistical techniques, such as correlations. The Bland-Altman Method and Reduced Major Axis regression represent more reliable alternatives because they allow us to quantify fixed and proportional bias between measures...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888677/assessing-positive-emotional-memories-with-peers-the-early-memories-of-warmth-and-safeness-with-peers-scale-for-adolescents
#11
Marina Cunha, Cláudia Ferreira, Cristiana Duarte, Diogo Andrade, Joana Marta-Simões, José Pinto-Gouveia
Research on the association between early positive relational experiences and later psychosocial adjustment is growing. The quality of peer relationships may have a particularly important effect on adolescents' wellbeing and mental health. The current study aimed at examining a measure of personal emotional memories of peer relationships characterized by warmth, safeness and affection, which occurred in childhood and adolescence (EMWSSPeers-A). Distinct samples (N = 584) of adolescents aged between 12 and 18 were used to assess the EMWSSPeers-A' factorial structure through a Principal Component Analysis and a Confirmatory Factor Analysis, and to analyse the scale's psychometric properties...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879500/implications-of-preterm-birth-for-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-development
#12
Cheryl Anderson, Priscila Cacola
Preterm birth remains a major contributor to infant mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental delay and childhood disability. Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are reviewed...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878933/psychiatric-disorders-during-early-adulthood-in-those-with-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-rates-and-clinical-risk-factors-from-population-based-follow-up
#13
M N Cooper, A Lin, G A Alvares, N H de Klerk, T W Jones, E A Davis
AIM: To determine the incidence of and risk factors for psychiatric disorders in early adulthood in patients with childhood onset type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: In this retrospective-cohort study, we identified a population-based childhood onset T1D cohort and an age and sex matched (5:1) non-diabetic comparison cohort. Data linkage was used to access inpatient hospitalization data, mental health support service data, and mortality data to follow-up both cohorts into early adulthood...
November 23, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878824/minimal-intervention-dentistry-for-early-childhood-caries-and-child-dental-anxiety-a-randomised-control-trial
#14
Peter Arrow, Elizabeth Klobas
BACKGROUND: To compare changes in child dental anxiety after treatment for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) using two treatment approaches. METHODS: Children with ECC were randomised to Test (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment, ART-based approach) or Control (standard care approach). Children 3 years or older completed a dental anxiety scale at baseline and follow-up. Changes in child dental anxiety from baseline to follow-up were tested using chi-squared statistic, Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, McNemar's test and multinomial logistic regression...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876586/fluoride-supplementation-adherence-and-barriers-in-a-community-without-water-fluoridation
#15
Shannon Flood, Karin Asplund, Benjamin Hoffman, Allison Nye, Katharine Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: To prevent early childhood caries, the American Dental Association recommends oral fluoride supplementation for children in communities lacking water fluoridation who are at high caries risk. However, patient adherence to oral fluoride supplementation has not been studied in this population. This study assessed adherence to oral fluoride and barriers to adherence in a community lacking water fluoridation. METHODS: A self-administered survey was completed in a systematic sample of 209 parents of children ages 6 months to 4 years, during a primary care visit in an urban academic medical center...
November 19, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#16
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872800/invisible-seams-preventing-childhood-obesity-through-an-improved-obstetrics-pediatrics-care-continuum
#17
EDITORIAL
Craig W Moscetti, Nicolaas P Pronk
Progress in altering the current obesity epidemic among children and adolescents remains elusive. Evidence continues to underscore the challenges of altering weight status as children age. Further, weight loss interventions among children and adults alike tend to demonstrate efficacy in the short-term, however individuals tend to slowly revert back to their original weight status over time. New understanding of obesity's early origins suggests the need to rethink current approaches, particularly within healthcare...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870988/sensitivity-and-attachment-interventions-in-early-childhood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Gary Mountain, Jane Cahill, Helen Thorpe
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) was conducted to determine whether early interventions are effective in improving attachment security and parental sensitivity. Electronic databases were searched 2002-2015 onwards, All RCTs delivered to mothers, fathers or carers, before their child's mean age was 36 months, via 1:1 support, group work or guided self-help were included. The search was restricted to English Language publications. Study Selection, data extraction and quality appraisal were independently undertaken by two authors...
November 18, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870580/clinical-characterization-of-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-short-stature-due-to-aggrecan-mutations
#19
Alexandra Gkourogianni, Melissa Andrew, Leah Tyzinski, Melissa Crocker, Jessica Douglas, Nancy Dunbar, Jan Fairchild, Mariana F A Funari, Karen E Heath, Alexander A L Jorge, Tracey Kurtzman, Stephen LaFranchi, Seema Lalani, Jan Lebl, Yuezhen Lin, Evan Los, Dorothee Newbern, Catherine Nowak, Micah Olson, Jadranka Popovic, Štěpánka Průhová, Lenka Elblova, Jose Bernardo Quintos, Emma Segerlund, Lucia Sentchordi, Marwan Shinawi, Eva-Lena Stattin, Jonathan Swartz, González-Del Angel Ariadna, Díaz-Cuéllar Sinhué, Hidekazu Hosono, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Vivian Hwa, Jeffrey Baron, Ola Nilsson, Andrew Dauber
CONTEXT: Heterozygous mutations in the Aggrecan gene (ACAN) cause autosomal dominant short stature with bone age (BA) acceleration, premature growth cessation and minor skeletal abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: Characterize the phenotypic spectrum, associated conditions and response to growth-promoting therapies. DESIGN: Retrospective international cohort study. PATIENTS: Information from 103 individuals (57 female, 46 male) from 20 families with confirmed heterozygous ACAN mutations were included...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870193/reflection-in-home-visiting-the-what-why-and-a-beginning-step-toward-how
#20
Angela M Tomlin, Elesia Hines, Lynne Sturm
The work of home visitors in early childhood fields may include addressing many challenges to achieving curricular outcomes, including issues such as maintaining boundaries and managing one's own reactions to children, parents, and overall family situations. Increasingly, reflective supervision and consultation are recognized as a way for workers in home-visiting early intervention and early care fields to address these personal and professional challenges and build competence (Watson, Gatti, Cox, Harrison, & Hennes, )...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
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