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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300443/atopic-dermatitis-depression-and-suicidality
#1
Mathew N Nicholas, Melinda J Gooderham
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease associated with an underappreciated increased risk of depression and suicidality. Current literature investigates associated risk factors, including severity of disease, age, sex, and atopic comorbidities, which may help identify patients with AD at high risk for depression or suicidality. Increasing severity of AD and female sex are associated with an increased risk for both depression and suicidality, while increasing age is associated with an increased risk for depression only...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290943/bereaved-military-dependent-spouses-and-children-those-left-behind-in-a-decade-of-war-2001-2011
#2
Stephen J Cozza, Joscelyn E Fisher, Jing Zhou, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Lareina La Flair, Carol S Fullerton, Robert J Ursano
BACKGROUND: U.S. military service members die from a variety of causes (i.e., accidents, combat, illnesses, homicide, suicide, and terrorism) while on duty and in greater numbers during times of war, leaving behind bereaved dependent family members. Identifying characteristics of these dependent families improves our understanding of their unique needs, helps educate service providers who offer assistance to these surviving family members, and better informs policy addressing their health and well-being...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282677/-physician-assisted-suicide-survey-on-%C3%A2-217-stgb-in-germany
#3
Julia Zenz, Ruth Rissing-van Saan, Michael Zenz
Background In late 2015, Germany passed a law (§ 217 StGB) prohibiting persons from aiding others in committing suicide on a regular, repetitive basis. Despite intensive societal debate and surveys about assisted dying, the present study was the first to examine attitudes towards the new legal regulation among professionals. Methods In early 2016, all participants of a congress on palliative care received a one-page anonymous questionnaire to complete until the end of the conference. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding assisted suicide and the new law...
March 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253879/seeking-help-in-times-of-economic-hardship-access-experiences-of-services-and-unmet-need
#4
M C Barnes, J L Donovan, C Wilson, J Chatwin, R Davies, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R O'Connor, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Economic recessions are often accompanied by increased levels of psychological distress and suicidal behaviour in affected populations. Little is known about the experiences of people seeking help for employment, financial and benefit-related difficulties during recessions. We investigated the experiences of people struggling financially in the aftermath of the Great Recession (2008-9) - including some who had self-harmed - and of the frontline support staff providing assistance...
March 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235885/attitudes-towards-end-of-life-decisions-in-case-of-long-term-care-dependency-a-survey-among-the-older-population-in-austria
#5
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Éva Rásky, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Research on attitudes towards end-of-life decisions (ELDs) contextually most often refers to the very end of life, that is, to situations of terminally ill patients or severe pain, but it is rarely applied to the broader context of long-term care dependency in old age. METHODS: In a representative survey among older Austrians (50+, n=968), respondents were asked about their approval of assisted suicide and euthanasia (EUT) when requested by an older, severely care-dependent person...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230577/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-on-hospital-grounds-and-clinic-areas
#6
Peter D Mills, Bradley V Watts, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe suicide and suicide attempts that occurred while the patient was on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas using root cause analysis (RCA) reports of these events in a national health care organization in the United States. METHOD: This is an observational review of all RCA reports of suicide and suicide attempts on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas in our system between December 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226013/suicide-attempts-by-exposure-to-toxic-agents-registered-in-a-toxicological-information-and-assistance-center-in-fortaleza-cear%C3%A3-brazil-2013
#7
Ana Paula Soares Gondim, Rachel Rabay Nogueira, João Gabriel Barbosa Lima, Rayra Aguiar Campos Lima, Polianna Lemos Moura Moreira Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Batista Veras, Maria Augusta Drago Ferreira
Objective: to describe cases of suicide attempts by exposure to toxic agents registered by the Toxicological Information and Assistance Center in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Methods: this is a descriptive study using secondary data of the cases registered in 2013. Results: 410 cases were registered; 56.2% of the individuals were female and 79.7% were between 12 and 39 years old; most of them (86.4%) lived in urban areas and 67.2%, in Fortaleza; in 94...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212195/suicide-in-guyana-nurses-perspectives
#8
Maureen Anthony, Carla Groh, Jean Gash
Guyana, an English-speaking country on the north coast of South America, has the highest suicide rate in the world. Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team working with patients experiencing psychological distress and are uniquely qualified to add to the discourse on factors contributing to the high suicide rate in Guyana. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and experiences of nurses and nurse assistants in Guyana related to suicide. Nine registered nurses and nurse assistants who worked at a private hospital in Georgetown, Guyana, were recruited to participate in a focus group...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#9
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199949/self-injury-in-young-people-and-the-help-negation-effect
#10
Mareka Frost, Leanne M Casey, John G O'Gorman
This study examined the relationship between self-injurious behavior and intentions to seek help from professionals, family and friends, technology based support and from no-one. Participants were 679 young people aged 14-25 years drawn from a larger internet survey (N =1463) on the basis of their reported self-injury. A help-negation effect was found only in relation to intentions to seek help from family and friends. That is, a higher extent or severity of self-injury was independently associated with lower intentions to seek help from family and friends...
December 19, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198298/responding-to-a-request-to-hasten-death
#11
Erin Dean
Essential facts Intense media interest and a number of high-profile court cases have kept the assisted suicide debate in the public eye.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190757/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#12
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185525/responding-to-a-request-to-hasten-death
#13
Erin Dean
Essential facts Intense media interest and a number of high-profile court cases have kept debate about assisted suicide in the public eye.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178041/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146566/general-practitioners-attitudes-towards-essential-competencies-in-end-of-life-care-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Stéphanie Giezendanner, Corinna Jung, Hans-Ruedi Banderet, Ina Carola Otte, Heike Gudat, Dagmar M Haller, Bernice S Elger, Elisabeth Zemp, Klaus Bally
BACKGROUND: Identifying essential competencies in end-of-life care, as well as general practitioners' (GPs) confidence in these competencies, is essential to guide training and quality improvement efforts in this domain. AIM: To determine which competencies in end-of-life care are considered important by GPs, to assess GPs' confidence in these competencies in a European context and their reasons to refer terminally ill patients to a specialist. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional postal survey involving a stratified random sample of 2000 GPs in Switzerland in 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117707/the-basic-act-for-suicide-prevention-effects-on-longitudinal-trend-in-deliberate-self-harm-with-reference-to-national-suicide-data-for-1996-2014
#16
Miharu Nakanishi, Kaori Endo, Shuntaro Ando
A suicide prevention strategy was launched in Japan in 2006 to address the high suicide rate, which had increased considerably since 1998. The national strategy from 2007 involved the enhancement of psychiatric treatment services at emergency medical facilities and supportive observation by individuals close to patients. The national suicide rate has decreased gradually since 2008; however, national information regarding the number of patients who had engaged in deliberate self-harm was absent. Therefore, the present study examined the longitudinal trend in hospital admissions due to deliberate self-harm in Japan...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098622/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-in-the-icu-a-dialogue-on-core-ethical-issues
#17
Ewan C Goligher, E Wesley Ely, Daniel P Sulmasy, Jan Bakker, John Raphael, Angelo E Volandes, Bhavesh M Patel, Kate Payne, Annmarie Hosie, Larry Churchill, Douglas B White, James Downar
OBJECTIVE: Many patients are admitted to the ICU at or near the end of their lives. Consequently, the increasingly common debate regarding physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia holds implications for the practice of critical care medicine. The objective of this article is to explore core ethical issues related to physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia from the perspective of healthcare professionals and ethicists on both sides of the debate. SYNTHESIS: We identified four issues highlighting the key areas of ethical tension central to evaluating physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in medical practice: 1) the benefit or harm of death itself, 2) the relationship between physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia and withholding or withdrawing life support, 3) the morality of a physician deliberately causing death, and 4) the management of conscientious objection related to physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the critical care setting...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069614/man-with-motor-neurone-disease-challenges-ban-on-assisted-suicide
#18
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041691/-defusing-of-victims-of-the-terrorist-attacks-in-paris-elements-of-assessment-one-month-post-event
#19
N Prieto, E Cheucle, P Faure, F Digard, C Dalphin, V Pachiaudi, M Simond, R Darbon, C Collinet, R Habibi, P-Y Gueugniaud
The terrorist attacks (fusillades and suicide attacks) in Paris on 13 November 2015 have had a major psychic impact on all individuals directly or secondarily exposed to them. Medico-psychological unit (CUMP) of the Paris Île-de-France region's immediate care services were immediately mobilized and rapidly strengthened by all regional medico-psychological units (CUMP) throughout the country. Psychological assistance has been provided in several key points of Paris and specifically in the 11th district City Hall of Paris where Lyon's Medico-psychological unit was located...
December 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033474/hypothesizing-that-neuropharmacological-and-neuroimaging-studies-of-glutaminergic-dopaminergic-optimization-complex-kb220z-are-associated-with-dopamine-homeostasis-in-reward-deficiency-syndrome-rds
#20
Kenneth Blum, Marcelo Febo, Lyle Fried, Mona Li, Kristina Dushaj, Eric R Braverman, Thomas McLaughlin, Bruce Steinberg, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
BACKGROUND: There is need for better treatments of addictive behaviors, both substance and non-substance related, termed Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS). While the FDA has approved pharmaceuticals under the umbrella term Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT), these drugs are not optimal. OBJECTIVES: It is our contention that these drugs work well in the short-term by blocking dopamine function leading to psychological extinction. However, use of buprenorphine/Naloxone over a long period of time results in unwanted addiction liability, reduced emotional affect, and mood changes including suicidal ideation...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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