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Assisted suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736770/classification-of-helpful-comments-on-online-suicide-watch-forums
#1
Ramakanth Kavuluru, Amanda G Williams, María Ramos-Morales, Laura Haye, Tara Holaday, Julie Cerel
Among social media websites, Reddit has emerged as a widely used online message board for focused mental health topics including depression, addiction, and suicide watch (SW). In particular, the SW community/subreddit has nearly 40,000 subscribers and 13 human moderators who monitor for abusive comments among other things. Given comments on posts from users expressing suicidal thoughts can be written from any part of the world at any time, moderating in a timely manner can be tedious. Furthermore, Reddit's default comment ranking does not involve aspects that relate to the "helpfulness" of a comment from a suicide prevention (SP) perspective...
October 2016: ACM-BCB: ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734859/provider-health-and-wellness
#2
REVIEW
Anil Nanda, Anita Wasan, James Sussman
Provider health and wellness is a significant issue and can impact patient care, including patient satisfaction, quality of care, medical errors, malpractice risk, as well as provider and office staff turnover and early retirement. Health and wellness encompasses various areas including burnout, depression, divorce, and suicide and affects providers of all specialties and at all levels of training. Providers deal with many everyday stresses, including electronic health records, office politics, insurance and billing issues, dissatisfied patients, and their own personal and family issues...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716621/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-about-physician-assisted-death-an-analysis-of-their-justifications-and-the-roles-of-terminology-and-patient-competency
#3
Derek W Braverman, Brian S Marcus, Paul G Wakim, Mark R Mercurio, Gary S Kopf
CONTEXT: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are crucial to physician-assisted death (PAD) provision. OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively assess the favorability of justifications for or against PAD legalization among HCPs, the effect of the terms "suicide" and "euthanasia" on their views, and their support for three forms of PAD. METHODS: Our questionnaire presented three cases: physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia for a competent patient, and euthanasia for an incompetent patient with an advance directive for euthanasia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698703/why-are-suicide-rates-climbing-after-years-of-decline
#4
Nancy Valko
There is evidence that the increasing rates of suicide can be linked to the legalization of physician-assisted suicide. Factors such as suicide contagion and the increasing positive media reporting on such suicides are also relevant and have led to different standards of treatment for suicidal people who claim the right to have their suicides medically assisted.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693869/emergency-nursing-experiences-in-assisting-people-with-suicidal-behavior-a-grounded-theory-study
#5
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Daniel Fernando Magrini, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Jacqueline de Souza, Tatiana Longo Borges
AIM: To understand emergency nursing experiences in assisting people with suicidal behavior. METHOD: Grounded theory study with symbolic interactionism conducted in 2015 to 2016 in Brazil with 19 nurses. RESULTS: Assistance for people with suicidal behavior is critical, challenging, evokes different feelings and requires knowledge, skills and emotional control. Nurses did not feel prepared or supported, and identified recurrent gaps and problems...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682952/house-of-suicide-in-les-morticoles-by-daudet-a-prime-literary-allusion-to-suicide-assisted-by-anesthesia
#6
Marc E Gentili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672180/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-impulses-the-mediating-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-cognitive-concerns-among-veterans
#7
Amanda M Raines, Daniel W Capron, Lauren A Stentz, Jessica L Walton, Nicholas P Allan, Eliza S McManus, Madeline Uddo, Gala True, C Laurel Franklin
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide has been firmly established, research on underlying mechanisms has been disproportionately low. The cognitive concerns subscale of anxiety sensitivity (AS), which reflects fears of cognitive dyscontrol, has been linked to both PTSD and suicide and thus may serve as an explanatory mechanism between these constructs. METHODS: The sample consisted of 60 male veterans presenting to an outpatient Veteran Affairs (VA) clinic for psychological services...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648132/conscientious-objection-a-way-out-for-assisted-suicide-or-a-non-starter
#8
Derek Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646524/risk-factors-for-severe-respiratory-depression-from-prescription-opioid-overdose
#9
Lindsay M Fox, Robert S Hoffman, David Vlahov, Alex F Manini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prescription opioid overdose is a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the US. We aimed to identify characteristics associated with clinical severity in emergency department patients with prescription opioid overdose. DESIGN: This was a secondary data analysis of adult prescription opioid overdoses from a large prospective cohort of acute overdoses. We examined elements of a typical emergency department evaluation using a multivariable model to determine which characteristics were associated with clinical severity, specifically severe respiratory depression (SRD)...
June 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629916/a-medical-student-perspective-on-physician-assisted-suicide
#10
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Philip Allen, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Alexandra Tsoi, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia (PAS/E) has been increasingly discussed and debated in the public arena, including in professional medical organizations. However, the medical student perspective on the debate has essentially been absent. We present a medical student perspective on the PAS/E debate as future doctors and those about to enter the profession. We argue that PAS/E is not in line with the core principles of medicine and that the focus should be rather on providing high-quality end-of-life and palliative care...
June 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627285/older-military-veteran-care-many-still-believe-they-are-forgotten
#11
Cathy Young, Patricia L Conard, Myrna L Armstrong, Darlene Lacy
BACKGROUND: Almost 44% of our nation's 23 million men and women veterans are 65 years of age or older. Most are proud of their service, yet many believe their services for our country were forgotten, especially those in combat between 1950 and 1975. PURPOSE: Further information to ultimately assist their holistic well-being will be important for nursing practice as countless older veterans are beginning to obtain more care within civilian facilities. Using the Korean War (1950-1953) as a backdrop to illustrate the interconnectiveness of older veteran physical, emotional, and spiritual concerns that can occur from a military deployment, the major purposes of this article are to provide a brief historical snapshot of that war and discuss prior-era military environmental situations that now are producing the lingering effects from their combat exposure...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607670/emotional-abuse-of-girls-in-swaziland-prevalence-perpetrators-risk-and-protective-factors-and-health-outcomes
#12
Franziska Meinck, Deborah Fry, Choice Ginindza, Kerri Wazny, Aldo Elizalde, Thees F Spreckelsen, M Catherine Maternowska, Michael P Dunne
BACKGROUND: Research on emotional child abuse in sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. Few studies thus far have examined prevalence, risk and protective factors for emotional child abuse or the associations between emotional abuse and girls' health. METHODS: A nationally representative two-stage, cluster-sampled, household survey of females aged 13-24 years (n = 1244) on childhood abuse victimisation was conducted. Participants completed interviewer-assisted questionnaires...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598715/responding-to-a-suicide-death-the-role-of-first-responders
#13
Kenneth Norton
Effective response by first responders in the immediate aftermath of a suicide death can play a critical role in reducing risk and promoting healing for family, friends, and the larger community by helping people who are newly bereaved to cope with the immediate crisis, created by the death. They also can lay the foundation for the difficult journey of mourning and healing that must follow. Stressing the importance of a comprehensive and coordinated community response to suicide, this article addresses the principles and practices that are called for in the Guidelines by highlighting four distinct first responder communities: law enforcement and emergency medical services; medical examiners; funeral professionals; and clergy and faith leaders...
June 9, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564699/suicide-rates-after-discharge-from-psychiatric-facilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Daniel Thomas Chung, Christopher James Ryan, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Swaran Preet Singh, Clive Stanton, Matthew Michael Large
Importance: High rates of suicide after psychiatric hospitalization are reported in many studies, yet the magnitude of the increases and the factors underlying them remain unclear. Objectives: To quantify the rates of suicide after discharge from psychiatric facilities and examine what moderates those rates. Data Sources: English-language, peer-reviewed publications published from January 1, 1946, to May 1, 2016, were located using MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and EMBASE with the search terms ((suicid*)...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557882/general-psychiatric-management-for-suicidal-patients-with-remarks-on-chronicity-contending-with-the-angel-of-death
#15
REVIEW
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
Assessing, managing, and treating suicidal patients, particularly those with chronic suicidality, challenge clinical decision making and emotional self-management in trainees and seasoned practitioners. Educators and trainees have noted needs for additional teaching materials in these areas. This article assists in addressing these gaps. We reviewed diagnostic and phenomenological characteristics encountered in acutely and chronically suicidal patients, their comprehensive assessment, general approaches to management, risk mitigation and safety planning, and psychological and biological interventions...
June 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557695/evidence-and-practice-informed-approach-to-implementing-peer-grief-support-after-suicide-systematically-in-the-usa
#16
Franklin James Cook, Linda Langford, Kim Ruocco
The landmark report, Responding to Grief, Trauma, and Distress After a Suicide: U.S. National Guidelines, identifies the suicide bereaved as an underserved population and recommends systematic development of peer grief support to help meet the needs of survivors of suicide loss. A widespread array of peer grief support after suicide (PGSS) services exists nationally, but only as a decentralized network of autonomous programs. Some research indicates that peer support is generally helpful to the suicide bereaved, a finding that is reinforced by a large body of emerging research showing that peer support is effective in mental illness and substance abuse recovery...
May 30, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542233/is-survival-improved-by-the-use-of-niv-and-peg-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-a-post-mortem-study-of-80-als-patients
#17
Christian Burkhardt, Christoph Neuwirth, Andreas Sommacal, Peter M Andersen, Markus Weber
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and percutaneous gastrostomy (PEG) are guideline-recommended interventions for symptom management in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Their effect on survival is controversial and the impact on causes of death is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of NIV and PEG on survival and causes of death in ALS patients. METHODS: Eighty deceased ALS patients underwent a complete post mortem analysis for causes of death between 2003 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532236/evaluating-the-american-nurses-association-s-arguments-against-nurse-participation-in-assisted-suicide
#18
Eric Vogelstein
This discussion paper critically assesses the American Nurses Association's stated arguments against nurse participation in assisted suicide, as found in its current (2013) position statement. Seven distinct arguments can be gleaned from the American Nurses Association's statement, based on (1) the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics with Interpretive Statements and its injunction against nurses acting with the sole intent to end life, (2) the risks of abuse and misuse of assisted suicide, (3) nursing's social contract or covenant with society, (4) the contention that nurses must not harm their patients, (5) the sanctity of life, (6) the traditions of nursing, and (7) the fundamental goals of nursing...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530312/-the-second-victim-treating-the-health-care-providers
#19
REVIEW
Shimrit Shor, Orna Tal, Ron Maymon
During their professional careers, physicians and other health care providers are repeatedly exposed to emotional stress. This is usually secondary to coping with the results of a medical error or complicated medical event. Generally, in the above cases, the patient and his/her family are in the center of the medical system, being "the first victim" of such an event, while the involved caregiver, who provided the medical service, is categorized as the "second victim". "Second victims" may feel anxiety, fear, guilt or anger and experience social withdrawal, which may lead to troubling memories, depression and insomnia...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509753/physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-is-incompatible-with-medicine-a-response-from-medical-students
#20
John Y Rhee, Katharine A Callaghan, Amanda Stahl, Martin T Brown, Philip Allen, Grace McInerney, Ana-Maria G Dumitru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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