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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575833/source-apportionment-and-health-risk-assessment-among-specific-age-groups-during-haze-and-non-haze-episodes-in-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#1
Nor Azura Sulong, Mohd Talib Latif, Md Firoz Khan, Norhaniza Amil, Matthew J Ashfold, Muhammad Ikram Abdul Wahab, Kok Meng Chan, Mazrura Sahani
This study aims to determine PM2.5 concentrations and their composition during haze and non-haze episodes in Kuala Lumpur. In order to investigate the origin of the measured air masses, the Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (NAME) and Global Fire Assimilation System (GFAS) were applied. Source apportionment of PM2.5 was determined using Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF). The carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risks were estimated using the United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) method...
May 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560848/advanced-silicon-chemistry-in-australia-forming-strong-links-with-asia
#2
Stephen Clarke, Kim-Anh Thi Nguyen, Elda Markovic, Neil Trout, Milena Ginic-Markovic, Janis Matisons, Michael Owen, Daniel Graiver, Agus Hadi Santosa Wargadipura, Sudirman Habibie, Dwi Gustiono, Bok Ryul Yoo, Joe Mifsud
This paper details Australian commercial and academic silicon research. Areas of interest include silicon metal, polysiloxane polymers, copolymers, cyclics, emulsions, microemulsions, silanes, silane coupling agents, sol-gel chemistry and water-treatments, porous silicon, polysiloxane degradation, silicon hydrogel contact lenses, silanolate synthesis, siloxane interfacial polymerisation, hydrosilylation, polysiloxane electrolytes for lithium ion batteries, silanes for PBX materials, octafunctionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS), POSS hybrids, sol-gel hydrogenation catalysts, silane modification of silica, sol-gel energy storage, silicate grout stabilisation, GeoPolymer concretes, aerogel insulating foams, "Phaco-Ersatz" Accommodating Gel-Intraocular Lens technologies...
June 1, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507618/correlation-between-soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-and-eosinophil-levels-among-primary-school-children-in-medan
#3
Dewi Masyithah Darlan, Zaimah Z Tala, Cellya Amanta, Syah Mirsya Warli, Nurfida K Arrasyid
BACKGROUND: Soil Transmitted Helminth infection is one of most prevalent health problems worldwide, especially in environments with poor sanitation. Based on World Health Organisation (WHO) data, more than 2 billion people, or 24% of the world's population, are infected with intestinal parasite. The highest prevalence is located in areas of poor sanitation and unsafe water supplies. In Indonesia, the prevalence of parasite infections is 15% of the entire population. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Soil Transmitted Helminth infection on levels of eosinophils among primary school children...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340619/operational-and-implementation-research-within-global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria-grants-a-situation-analysis-in-six-countries
#4
Sabine Kiefer, Astrid M Knoblauch, Peter Steinmann, Tanja Barth-Jaeggi, Mahnaz Vahedi, Dermot Maher, Jürg Utzinger, Kaspar Wyss
BACKGROUND: Operational/implementation research (OR/IR) is a key activity to improve disease control programme performance. We assessed the extent to which malaria and tuberculosis (TB) grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria ("Global Fund") include support for OR/IR, and discuss the implications of the current Global Fund operating mechanisms for OR/IR support. METHODS: The situation analysis focussed on malaria and TB, while HIV was excluded...
March 24, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510030/public-stewardship-of-private-for-profit-healthcare-providers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
REVIEW
Charles S Wiysonge, Leila H Abdullahi, Valantine N Ndze, Gregory D Hussey
BACKGROUND: Governments use different approaches to ensure that private for-profit healthcare services meet certain quality standards. Such government guidance, referred to as public stewardship, encompasses government policies, regulatory mechanisms, and implementation strategies for ensuring accountability in the delivery of services. However, the effectiveness of these strategies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been the subject of a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of public sector regulation, training, or co-ordination of the private for-profit health sector in low- and middle-income countries...
August 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503095/improving-knowledge-and-behaviours-related-to-the-cause-transmission-and-prevention-of-tuberculosis-and-early-case-detection-a-descriptive-study-of-community-led-tuberculosis-program-in-flores-indonesia
#6
Christa Dewi, Lesley Barclay, Megan Passey, Shawn Wilson
BACKGROUND: The community's awareness of Tuberculosis (TB) and delays in health care seeking remain important issues in Indonesia despite the extensive efforts of community-based TB programs delivered by a non-government organisation (NGO). This study explored the knowledge and behaviours in relation to TB and early diagnosis before and after an asset-based intervention designed to improve these issues. METHODS: Six villages in Flores, Indonesia were purposively selected to participate in this study...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484654/state-of-rare-disease-management-in-southeast-asia
#7
Asrul Akmal Shafie, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Azuwana Supian, Jeremy Lim, Matt Zafra, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali
BACKGROUND: Rare diseases, also referred to as orphan diseases, are characterised by their low prevalence with majority of them are chronically debilitating and life threatening. Given the low prevalence and the widely dispersed but very small patient base for each disease, there may often be a disproportion in the availability of treatments and resources to manage patients, spur research and train experts. This is especially true in Southeast Asian countries that are currently in the process of implementing or revising their universal health coverage schemes...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459022/limits-and-opportunities-to-community-health-worker-empowerment-a-multi-country-comparative-study
#8
Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Hermen Ormel, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Ireen Namakhoma, Sudirman Nasir, Daniel Gemechu, Sabina Rashid, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Sally Theobald, Korrie de Koning
BACKGROUND: In LMICs, Community Health Workers (CHW) increasingly play health promotion related roles involving 'Empowerment of communities'. To be able to empower the communities they serve, we argue, it is essential that CHWs themselves be, and feel, empowered. We present here a critique of how diverse national CHW programs affect CHW's empowerment experience. METHODS: We present an analysis of findings from a systematic review of literature on CHW programs in LMICs and 6 country case studies (Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique)...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374897/perception-and-understanding-of-health-claims-on-milk-powder-for-children-a-focus-group-study-among-mothers-in-indonesia-singapore-and-thailand
#9
Karin Y M Tan, Eline M van der Beek, Sharron A Kuznesof, Chris J Seal
Health claim regulations and guidelines on food products have been established in some Southeast Asia (SEA) countries. Health claims on food products aim to help consumers make informed food choices to achieve a healthy diet. This study aimed to investigate the perception and understanding of health claims and the associated regulatory frameworks of SEA mothers using semi-structured focus groups conducted in Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand. Milk powder for children for three years and above was used as product focus...
October 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353487/cross-cultural-measurement-invariance-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale-across-11-world-wide-societies
#10
D Stevanovic, Z Bagheri, O Atilola, P Vostanis, D Stupar, P Moreira, T Franic, N Davidovic, R Knez, A Nikšić, K Dodig-Ćurković, M Avicenna, I Multazam Noor, L Nussbaum, A Deljkovic, A Aziz Thabet, P Petrov, D Ubalde, L A Monteiro, R Ribas
BACKGROUND: In order to compare estimates by one assessment scale across various cultures/ethnic groups, an important aspect that needs to be demonstrated is that its construct across these groups is invariant when measured using a similar and simultaneous approach (i.e., demonstrated cross-cultural measurement invariance). One of the methods for evaluating measurement invariance is testing for differential item functioning (DIF), which assesses whether different groups respond differently to particular items...
June 29, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178346/factors-influencing-the-current-practice-of-self-medication-consultations-in-eastern-indonesian-community-pharmacies-a-qualitative-study
#11
Cecilia Brata, Colleen Fisher, Brahmaputra Marjadi, Carl R Schneider, Rhonda M Clifford
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that the current practice of pharmacy staff when providing self-medication consultations in Indonesia is suboptimal. To improve the performance of pharmacy staff when providing self-medication consultations in community pharmacies, the factors that influence current practice need to be understood. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence current practice of pharmacy staff when handling self-medication consultations in Eastern Indonesian community pharmacies...
May 13, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988726/the-cultural-politics-of-mining-and-natural-disaster-in-indonesia-by-fire-and-sword
#12
Jeff Lewis, Belinda Lewis
Natural disasters are inevitably the outcome of cultural agonisms. The cultural politics of natural disasters are shaped by competing claims and conceptions of 'nature'. Recent disasters in Indonesia are directly linked to these contending conceptions and the ways in which different social groups imagine risk and reward. The Sidoarjo volcanic mudflow of 2006 represents a volatile and violent exemplar of contending cultural and economic claims. Like other disasters in Indonesia and elsewhere in the developing world, this 'natural' disaster is characterised by differing conceptions of 'nature' as cultural tradition, divine force, and natural resource...
January 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898353/intention-of-dog-owners-to-participate-in-rabies-control-measures-in-flores-island-indonesia
#13
Ewaldus Wera, Monique C M Mourits, Henk Hogeveen
The success of a rabies control strategy depends on the commitment and collaboration of dog owners. In this study the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) was used to identify the factors, which are associated with the intention of dog owners to participate in rabies control measures in the Manggarai and Sikka regencies of Flores Island, Indonesia. Questionnaires were administered to 450 dog owners from 44 randomly selected villages in the two regencies. Ninety-six percent of the dog owners intended to participate in a free-of-charge vaccination campaign...
April 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472335/reviewing-harm-reduction-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-asia-the-necessity-for-growth
#14
REVIEW
Katie Alexandra Stone
BACKGROUND: There is an estimate of three to five million people who inject drugs living in Asia. Unsafe injecting drug use is a major driver of both the HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) epidemic in this region, and an increase in incidence among people who inject drugs continues. Although harm reduction is becoming increasingly accepted, a largely punitive policy remains firmly in place, undermining access to life-saving programmes. The aim of this study is to present an overview of key findings on harm reduction in Asia based on data collected for the Global State of Harm Reduction 2014...
2015: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26085974/education-and-microfinance-an-alternative-approach-to-the-empowerment-of-the-poor-people-in-indonesia
#15
Rizali Hadi, Uyu Wahyudin, Jajat S Ardiwinata, Wamaungo Juma Abdu
There is good reason to combine education with microcredit for poverty alleviation in the poor communities of the developing world, including in Indonesia. Poverty is dangerous, it deprives people of their right to education, their right to good health, their right to freedom of speech, their right to democracy, their right to financial services and of course their right to knowledge enhancement, which are all crucial to living a better life. We must therefore, provide services beyond, credits for the poor...
2015: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26072214/intake-of-water-and-different-beverages-in-adults-across-13-countries
#16
I Guelinckx, C Ferreira-Pêgo, L A Moreno, S A Kavouras, J Gandy, H Martinez, S Bardosono, M Abdollahi, E Nasseri, A Jarosz, G Ma, E Carmuega, N Babio, J Salas-Salvadó
PURPOSE: To describe the intake of water and all other fluids and to evaluate the proportion of adults exceeding the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations on energy intake from free sugar, solely from fluids. METHODS: A total of 16,276 adults (46 % men, mean age 39.8 years) were recruited in 13 countries from 3 continents. A 24-h fluid-specific record over 7 days was used for fluid assessment. RESULTS: In Spain, France, Turkey, Iran, Indonesia and China, fluid intake was characterised by a high contribution of water (47-78 %) to total fluid intake (TFI), with a mean water intake between 0...
June 2015: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26019883/organisation-of-reperfusion-therapy-for-stemi-in-a-developing-country
#17
Surya Dharma, Hananto Andriantoro, Iwan Dakota, Ismi Purnawan, Vireza Pratama, Herawati Isnanijah, Muhammad Yamin, Tjatur Bagus, Benny Hartono, Endang Ratnaningsih, Frits Suling, M Abas Basalamah
OBJECTIVE: Routine evaluation of performance measures for the system of care for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is needed to improve the STEMI network. We sought to evaluate the current status of reperfusion therapy for STEMI in the capital city of a developing country where a STEMI network was introduced in 2010. METHODS: Data were obtained from a local registry. A total of 28 812 patients admitted to the emergency department of a national cardiovascular hospital in three different periods (2007, 2010 and 2013) were retrospectively analysed; there were 2703 patients with STEMI...
2015: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25966311/nomenclature-updates-resulting-from-the-evolution-of-avian-influenza-a-h5-virus-clades-2-1-3-2a-2-2-1-and-2-3-4-during-2013-2014
#18
Gavin J D Smith, Ruben O Donis
AIM: The A/goose/Guangdong/1/96-like hemagglutinin (HA) genes of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5) viruses have continued to rapidly evolve since the most recent update to the H5 clade nomenclature by the WHO/OIE/FAO H5N1 Evolution Working Group. New clades diverging beyond established boundaries need to be identified and designated accordingly. METHOD: Hemagglutinin sequences deposited in publicly accessible databases up to December 31, 2014, were analyzed by phylogenetic and average pairwise distance methods to identify new clades that merit nomenclature changes...
September 2015: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25842213/the-development-of-a-four-way-linking-framework-in-egypt-an-example-of-the-fao-oie-and-who-joint-activities-to-facilitate-national-risk-assessment
#19
Simona Forcella, Nasr El-din El Tantawy, Jobre Yilma, Amira AbdelNabi, Filip Claes, Gwenaelle Dauphin, Elizabeth Mumford
Cross-sectoral assessment of health risks arising or existing at the human-animal interface is crucial to identifying and implementing effective national disease control measures. This requires availability of information from 4 functional information 'streams' - epidemiological, laboratory, animal, and human health. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)/ World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)/ World Health Organization (WHO) Four-Way Linking (4WL) project promotes the establishing of a national-level joint framework for data sharing, risk assessment, and risk communication, in order to both improve communications within and among governmental public health and animal health influenza laboratories, epidemiology offices, national partners, with the aim of strengthening the national capacity to detect, report and assess risks arising from emerging influenza viruses...
January 2015: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25442350/embedded-wisdom-or-rooted-problems-aid-workers-perspectives-on-local-social-and-political-infrastructure-in-post-tsunami-aceh
#20
Patrick Daly
This paper analyses the role of local social, cultural, and political institutions in post-disaster reconstruction projects. It contends that such institutions are important considerations within community-driven reconstruction initiatives, but are often viewed with ambivalence by external aid organisations. This paper draws upon in-depth qualitative interviews with aid workers involved in the post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh, Indonesia, to establish: (i) what roles community institutions were suited to play in the reconstruction; (ii) what were the limitations of community institutions when engaging with external aid agencies; (iii) how did external aid agencies engage with local community institutions; and (iv) how did external aid agencies perceive community institutions...
April 2015: Disasters
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