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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644894/northward-dispersal-of-sea-kraits-laticauda-semifasciata-beyond-their-typical-range
#1
Jaejin Park, Il-Hun Kim, Jonathan J Fong, Kyo-Soung Koo, Woo-Jin Choi, Tein-Shun Tsai, Daesik Park
Marine reptiles are declining globally, and recent climate change may be a contributing factor. The study of sea snakes collected beyond their typical distribution range provides valuable insight on how climate change affects marine reptile populations. Recently, we collected 12 Laticauda semifasciata (11 females, 1 male) from the waters around southern South Korea-an area located outside its typical distribution range (Japan, China including Taiwan, Philippines and Indonesia). We investigated the genetic origin of Korean specimens by analyzing mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (Cytb) sequences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639013/revisiting-the-environmental-kuznets-curve-and-pollution-haven-hypotheses-mikta-sample
#2
Ibrahim Bakirtas, Mumin Atalay Cetin
This study aims to examine the validity of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) and pollution haven hypotheses in Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey, and Australia (MIKTA) countries from 1982 to 2011 by using a panel vector auto regressive (PVAR) model. Empirical findings imply that the EKC hypothesis is rejected by the MIKTA sample. However, PVAR estimations reveal Granger causality from income level, foreign direct investment (FDI) inward, and energy consumption to CO2 emissions. Orthogonalized impulse-response functions are derived from PVAR estimations...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637851/island-rule-quantitative-genetics-and-brain-body-size-evolution-in-homo-floresiensis
#3
José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho, Pasquale Raia
Colonization of islands often activate a complex chain of adaptive events that, over a relatively short evolutionary time, may drive strong shifts in body size, a pattern known as the Island Rule. It is arguably difficult to perform a direct analysis of the natural selection forces behind such a change in body size. Here, we used quantitative evolutionary genetic models, coupled with simulations and pattern-oriented modelling, to analyse the evolution of brain and body size in Homo floresiensis, a diminutive hominin species that appeared around 700 kya and survived up to relatively recent times (60-90 kya) on Flores Island, Indonesia...
June 28, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637756/high-resolution-meta-transcriptomics-reveals-the-ecological-dynamics-of-mosquito-associated-rna-viruses-in-western-australia
#4
Mang Shi, Peter Neville, Jay Nicholson, John-Sebastian Eden, Allison Imrie, Edward C Holmes
Mosquitoes harbour a high diversity of RNA viruses, including many that impact human health. Despite a growing effort to describe the extent and nature of the mosquito virome, little is known about how these viruses persist, spread, and interact with both their hosts and other microbes. To address this issue we performed a meta-transcriptomics analysis of 12 Western Australian mosquito populations structured by species and geographic location. Our results identified the complete genomes of 24 species of RNA viruses from a diverse range of viral families and orders, among which 19 are newly described...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636456/healthcare-system-in-indonesia
#5
Suryanto, Virginia Plummer, Malcolm Boyle
The cultural diversity, its archipelago, and the major religion being Muslim have all influenced the development of the healthcare in Indonesia. The authors' objective is to describe the evolution of the healthcare system in Indonesia. Community-based health service, called puskesmas, is the key of the healthcare service in the country. The World Health Organization estimated that 64% of all deaths in Indonesia are caused by noncommunicable diseases, which might relate to the mostly unorganized prehospital care system...
June 21, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634546/low-hemoglobin-among-pregnant-women-in-midwives-practice-of-primary-health-care-jatinangor-indonesia-iron-deficiency-anemia-or-%C3%AE-thalassemia-trait
#6
Ari Indra Susanti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Gatot Winarno, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Herman Susanto, Ramdan Panigoro
Low hemoglobin (Hb) or anemia is common among pregnant women in developing countries which may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal deaths. Our study aimed to assess Hb level measured by midwives in primary health care facility at rural area of Jatinangor, Indonesia, and to explore whether the anemia was due to iron deficiency (IDA) or β-thalassemia trait (β-TT). Pregnant women (n = 105) had finger prick test for Hb level during a regular antenatal care examination from October to November 2016. Hb level by finger prick test was compared with venous blood, measured by complete blood count (CBC)...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634145/taeniasis-caused-by-taenia-saginata-in-gianyar-townand-taenia-solium-in-karangasem-villagesof-bali-indonesia-2011-2016-how-to-detect-tapeworm-carriers-anamnesis-or-microscopy
#7
Kadek Swastika, Toni Wandra, Nyoman Sadra Dharmawan, I Made Sudarmaja, John Master Saragih, Luh Putu Eka Diarthini, Luh Ariwati, Putu Ayu Asri Damayanti, Dewa Ayu Agus Sri Laksemi, Nengah Kapti, Putu Sutisna, Tetsuya Yanagida, Akira Ito
From January 2011 until September 2016, screening of taeniasis carriers was carried out in a town in Gianyar District (Taenia saginata) and in villages which consisted of several Banjars (the smallest community units) on the eastern slope of Mt. Agung, Karangasem District (Taenia solium) in Bali, Indonesia. Fecal samples from all community members who chose to participate were examined microscopically for detection of taeniid eggs each person completedwith a questionnaire to determine if they had seen whitish, noodle-like proglottids (anamnesis) in their feces...
June 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629350/the-utility-of-the-hematoxylin-and-eosin-staining-in-patients-with-suspected-hirschsprung-disease
#9
Josephine Amanda Setiadi, Andi Dwihantoro, Kristy Iskandar, Didik Setyo Heriyanto, Gunadi
BACKGROUND: While immunohistochemistry (IHC) methods have been widely conducted for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) in developed countries, there are very few studies on their use in developing countries where hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining is a key element of the diagnosis of HSCR. We aimed to determine the accuracy of HE staining in the diagnosis of HSCR using S100 IHC as the reference standard in Indonesia. METHODS: All histopathology performed for the suspicion of HSCR patients from January 2013 to August 2015 in Dr...
June 19, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626248/dental-health-status-and-oral-health-behavior-among-university-students-from-five-asean-countries
#10
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
The aim of this study was to investigate dental health status and oral health behavior and associated factors among university students in five ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam). Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 3,344 undergraduate university students (mean age 20.5, SD=1.6; 58.3% female) from five ASEAN countries. Results indicate that 27.7% of students reported to have sometimes, most of the time or always having tooth ache in the past 12 months, 39...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625043/pre-and-postprandial-acylated-ghrelin-in-obese-and-normal-weight-men
#11
Sri Andarini, Ferdy Bangun Kangsaputra, Dian Handayani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity in Indonesia has increasing. We have assessed the relationship between plasma acylated ghrelin hormone and self-reported appetite ratings (hunger and desire to eat) in obese and normal weight men. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Thirty-two men participated in an experimental study, where acylated ghrelin and self-reported appetite ratings were compared between a test group of 16 obese men and a control group of 16 men with normal body mass indices...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625041/energy-regulation-in-newly-diagnosed-tb-with-chronic-energy-deficiency-free-fatty-acids-and-rbp4
#12
Nurpudji A Taslim, Devintha Virani, Ni Ketut Sumartini, Karmila, Agussalim Bukhari, Aminuddin, Suryani As'ad, Raden Satriono, Haerani Rasyid, Irawaty Djaharuddin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Energy metabolism may be dysfunctionally integral between host and infective agent in active tuberculosis, mediated by adipocytokines and free fatty acids (FFA) as the products of triglyceride lipolysis in fat, blood or other tissues. Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are candidate adipocytokines. The possibility of a deleterious metabolic nexus in chronic energy deficiency (CED) (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) is explored. METHODS AND DESIGN: Newly diagnosed patients with tuberculosis (n=63) were selected using consecutive random sampling at a Centre for the Care and Treatment of Lung Diseases in Makassar, Indonesia...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625040/vitamin-d-status-in-under-five-children-with-a-history-of-close-tuberculosis-contact-in-padang-west-sumatra
#13
Finny Fitry Yani, Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto, Bambang Supriyatno, Eryati Darwin, Darfioes Basir
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Serum vitamin D influences cellular immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, particularly in under-five children. Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency as well as tuberculosis (TB) are highly prevalent in Indonesia. This study described the association of serum vitamin D in the incidence of latent TB in under-five children with a history of close TB contact. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study examined 178 under-five children with a history of close TB contact, with 98 index cases from primary health care facilities in Padang...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625037/tumour-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-overfat-indonesian-adolescents
#14
Dian Caturini Sulistyoningrum, Rina Susilowati, Emy Huriyati, Ni Putu Diah Witari, Harry Freitag Luglio, Madarina Julia
BACKGROUND: Overfatness (overweight and obesity) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including elevated blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, and insulin resistance. Chronic inflammation may play a role in mediating these associations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between plasma tumour necrosis factor-α and risk factors for cardiovascular disease among overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study was an observational analysis with a cross-sectional design for high school students in Yogyakarta, Indonesia...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625036/sago-worms-as-a-nutritious-traditional-and-alternative-food-for-rural-children-in-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia
#15
Intan R Nirmala, Trees, Suwarni, Mochammad S Pramono
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sago worm Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is a nutritious food source found in the remaining parts of a sago palm trunk after the removal of sago starch by farmers. The effort to increase sago worm consumption is investigated in an intervention study among children aged <5 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 1-5 years were allocated to a sago worm inclusive diet (n=10) and to a control group eating a usual diet, but without sago worms (n=13)...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625034/family-support-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-yogyakarta-mothers-in-employment
#16
Dewi Ratnasari, Bunga Astria Paramashanti, Hamam Hadi, Anafrin Yugistyowati, Dewi Astiti, Eka Nurhayati
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exclusive breastfeeding provides many benefits to both infants and mothers. Despite the introduction of laws aimed at protecting the practice of exclusive breastfeeding, the coverage of exclusive breastfeeding remains low, particularly for working mothers. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This crosssectional study recruited working mothers employed in medium and large companies in Bantul District, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The study participants were 158 working mothers whose children were aged 6- 12 months, and they were selected using the probability proportional to size technique...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625033/hydration-status-of-pregnant-women-in-west-jakarta
#17
Erry Yudhya Mulyani, Hardinsyah, Dodik Briawan, Budi Iman Santoso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During pregnancy, the body exhibits dynamic changes in fluid composition. More than 50%of women experience nausea and vomiting during the first trimester. Studies of hydration status in pregnant women are limited, and not in tropical countries, like in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to investigate the hydration status and appropriate biomarkers for determination of hydration status in pregnant women in West Jakarta. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study was cross-sectional...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625032/intergenerational-effects-of-maternal-birth-weight-bmi-and-body-composition-during-pregnancy-on-infant-birth-weight-tanjungsari-cohort-study-indonesia
#18
Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Herry Herman, Anna Alisjahbana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infant birth weight might be partly contributed to by maternal nutritional status at birth and maternal nutrition during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze intergenerational maternal birth weight, maternal BMI, weight change during pregnancy, and maternal body composition (FM, FFM, and TBW) changes during pregnancy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the associations between the maternal birth weight and body composition of 94 women and infant birth weight by using multiple regression adjusted for socioeconomic and reproductive history...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625031/inadequate-dietary-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-intake-among-indonesian-pregnant-women-is-associated-with-lower-newborn-weights-in-urban-jakarta
#19
Dudung Angkasa, Victor Tambunan, Helda Khusun, Fiastuti Witjaksono, Rina Agustina
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acid intake during pregnancy has been confirmed to affect newborn birth outcomes in the developed world. However, the association between maternal omega-3 fatty acid intake and birth size is unknown in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of maternal omega-3 fatty acid intake with newborn birth size. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted, involving 282 pregnant women aged 19-40 years who had a gestational age of >32 weeks and received antenatal care at 10 health centres and one referral hospital in East Jakarta, Indonesia...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#20
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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