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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734658/kidney-transplantation-a-new-era-of%C3%A2-laparoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-in%C3%A2-indonesia
#1
Albertus Marcelino, Chaidir Arif Mochtar, Irfan Wahyudi, Agus Rizal Hamid
BACKGROUND: Since its introduction in 1995, laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) has been a standard procedure in many transplantation centers worldwide. In 2011, LLDN was performed for the first time in Indonesia and became a standard procedure at our institution. The aim of this study is to evaluate the first 250 cases of LLDN at our institution. METHODS: Retrospective analyses were conducted of the first 250 cases of LLDN. All operations were performed between November 2011 and July 2015 at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta...
July 19, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727800/demographic-disequilibrium-in-living-nautiloids-nautilus-and-allonautilus-canary-in-the-coal-mines
#2
W Bruce Saunders, Emily Greenfest-Allen, Peter D Ward
Averaged demographic data from previously unfished populations of Nautilus and Allonautilus (Cephalopoda) provide a baseline to determine if a population is undisturbed and in "equilibrium" or is in "disequilibrium" as a result of fishery pressure. Data are available for previously undisturbed local nautiloid populations in Papua New Guinea, Australia, Indonesia, Fiji, Palau, American Samoa, New Caledonia and Vanuatu (total n = 2,669 live-caught, tagged and released animals). The data show that unfished populations average ~75% males and ~74% mature animals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724851/potential-risk-of-viral-transmission-from-flying-foxes-to-domestic-animals-and-humans-on-the-southern-coast-of-west-java-indonesia
#3
Chaerul Basri, Eko Muhammad Zainal Arifin, Hitoshi Takemae, Yupadee Hengjan, Keisuke Iida, Etih Sudarnika, Abdul Zahid, Retno Damayanti Soejoedono, Heru Susetya, Bambang Sumiarto, Ryosuke Kobayashi, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Eiichi Hondo
Flying foxes have been considered to be involved in the transmission of serious infectious diseases to humans. Using questionnaires, we aimed to determine the direct and/or indirect contacts of flying foxes in an Indonesian nature conservation area with domestic animals and humans living in the surrounding area. We surveyed 150 residents of 10 villages in West Java. Villages were classified into 3 groups: inside and/or within 1 km from the outer border of the conservation area and 1-5 km or 5-10 km away from the reserve's outer border...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722626/capacity-and-utilization-of-blood-culture-in-two-referral-hospitals-in-indonesia-and-thailand
#4
Nittaya Teerawattanasook, Patricia M Tauran, Prapit Teparrukkul, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, David A B Dance, Mansyur Arif, Direk Limmathurotsakul
It is generally recommended that sepsis patients should have at least two blood cultures obtained before antimicrobial therapy. From 1995 to 2015, the number of blood cultures taken each year in a 1,100-bed public referral hospital in Ubon Ratchathani northeast Thailand rose from 5,235 to 56,719, whereas the number received in an 840-bed referral public hospital in south Sulawesi, Indonesia, in 2015 was 2,779. The proportion of patients sampled for blood cultures out of all inpatients in south Sulawesi in 2015 (9%; 2,779/30,593) was lower than that in Ubon Ratchathani in 2003 (13%; 8,707/66,515), at a time when health expenditure per capita in the two countries was comparable...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722009/highly-variable-recurrence-of-tsunamis-in-the-7-400-years-before-the-2004-indian-ocean-tsunami
#5
Charles M Rubin, Benjamin P Horton, Kerry Sieh, Jessica E Pilarczyk, Patrick Daly, Nazli Ismail, Andrew C Parnell
The devastating 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caught millions of coastal residents and the scientific community off-guard. Subsequent research in the Indian Ocean basin has identified prehistoric tsunamis, but the timing and recurrence intervals of such events are uncertain. Here we present an extraordinary 7,400 year stratigraphic sequence of prehistoric tsunami deposits from a coastal cave in Aceh, Indonesia. This record demonstrates that at least 11 prehistoric tsunamis struck the Aceh coast between 7,400 and 2,900 years ago...
July 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719318/experience-with-a-multinational-secondary-school-education-module-with-a-focus-on-prevention-of-virus-infections
#6
Laura Doornekamp, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Odette M Vlek, Tanja Klop, Marco Goeijenbier, Eric C M van Gorp
Worldwide, virus infections are responsible for many diseases in terms of morbidity and mortality. Vaccinations and therapies are only available for relatively few virus infections and not always where they are needed. However, knowledge of transmission routes can prevent virus infection. In the context of this study, we measured the effects of a secondary school education module, named Viruskenner, on knowledge, attitude, and risk behavior as these relate to virus infections. A nonrandomized intervention study was conducted between April and August 2015 to assess the effect of this 2-month education module on knowledge, attitude, and behavior of 684 secondary school students in the Netherlands, Suriname, and Indonesia...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715152/demographic-and-ecological-risk-factors-for-human-influenza-a-virus-infections-in-rural-indonesia
#7
Elisabeth Dowling Root, Dwi Agustian, Cissy Kartasasmita, Timothy M Uyeki, Eric A F Simões
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has the world's highest reported mortality for human infections with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N1) virus. Indonesia is an agriculturally-driven country where human-animal mixing is common and provides a unique environment for zoonotic influenza A virus transmission. OBJECTIVES: To identify potential demographic and ecological risk factors for human infection with seasonal influenza A viruses in rural Indonesia, a population-based study was conducted in Cileunyi and Soreang sub-districts near Bandung in western Java from 2008 to 2011...
July 17, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714872/immunomodulatory-activity-of-octenyl-succinic-anhydride-modified-porang-amorphophallus-oncophyllus-glucomannan-on-mouse-macrophage-like-j774-1-cells-and-mouse-primary-peritoneal-macrophages
#8
Sellen Gurusmatika, Kosuke Nishi, Eni Harmayani, Yudi Pranoto, Takuya Sugahara
Porang is a local plant of Indonesia, which has a high content of glucomannan. In this study, porang glucomannan (PG) was esterified with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) to enhance emulsion properties to be widely used in food industry. OSA-modified PG (OSA-PG) enhanced the phagocytosis activity of macrophage-like J774.1 cells and mouse peritoneal macrophages. In addition, OSA-PG increased the production of IL-6 and TNF-α by enhancing their gene expression. Immunoblot analysis displayed that OSA-PG tended to activate both nuclear factor-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades...
July 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713767/validated-questionnaire-of-maternal-attitude-and-knowledge-for-predicting-caries-risk-in-children-epidemiological-study-in-north-jakarta-indonesia
#9
Sri Ratna Laksmiastuti, Sarworini Bagio Budiardjo, Heriandi Sutadi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Predicting caries risk in children can be done by identifying caries risk factors. It is an important measure which contributes to best understanding of the cariogenic profile of the patient. Identification could be done by clinical examination and answering the questionnaire. We arrange the study to verify the questionnaire validation for predicting caries risk in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 62 pairs of mothers and their children, aged between 3 and 5 years...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712659/pre-travel-care-for-immunocompromised-and-chronically-ill-travellers-a-retrospective-study
#10
Mariëlle van Aalst, Roos Verhoeven, Freshta Omar, Cornelis Stijnis, Michèle van Vugt, Godelieve J de Bree, Abraham Goorhuis, Martin P Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Immunocompromised and chronically ill travellers (ICCITs) are susceptible to travel related diseases. In ICCITs, pre-travel care regarding vaccinations and prophylactics is complex. We evaluated the protection level by preventive measures in ICCITs by analysing rates of vaccination protection, antibody titres, and the prescription of standby antibiotics. METHODS: We analysed, and reported according to STROBE guidelines, pre-travel care data for ICCITs visiting the medical pre-travel clinic at the Academic Medical Centre, The Netherlands from 2011 to 2016...
July 13, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712490/pneumococcal-vaccination-for-splenectomized-patients-with-thalassemia-major-in-indonesia
#11
Teny Tjitra Sari, Arwin Ali P Akib, Djajadiman Gatot, Alida Roswita Harahap, Saptawati Bardosono, Sri Rezeki S Hadinegoro
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a capsulated bacterium that can cause severe infection in patients with thalassemia major, particularly those who have undergone splenectomy. The absence of the spleen as well as zinc deficiency in splenectomized patients with thalassemia major increases the possibility of developing invasive pneumococcal infection. The aims of this study are to evaluate pneumococcal IgG levels following PCV and PPV immunizations and the effect of zinc supplementation on qualitative specific immune responses in splenectomized patients with thalassemia...
July 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712489/plant-made-virus-like-particles-bearing-influenza-hemagglutinin-ha-recapitulate-early-interactions-of-native-influenza-virions-with-human-monocytes-macrophages
#12
Alexander I Makarkov, Sabrina Chierzi, Stéphane Pillet, Keith K Murai, Nathalie Landry, Brian J Ward
INTRODUCTION: Plant-made virus-like particles (VLP) bearing influenza virus hemagglutinins (HA) are novel vaccine candidates that induce cross-reactive humoral and poly-functional T cell responses. To better understand the mechanisms that underlie this broad immunogenicity we studied early interactions of VLPs bearing either H1 (A/California/07/2009 (H1N1)) or H5 (A/Indonesia/05/2005 (H5N1)) with a human monocytoid cell line (U-937 cells) and human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) as model antigen-presenting cells (APC)...
July 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712156/-unfit-for-human-consumption-a-study-of-the-contamination-of-formula-milk-fed-to-young-children-in-east-java-indonesia
#13
Sarah Gibson, Daniel Sahanggamu, Dewi Fatmaningrum, Val Curtis, Sian White
OBJECTIVES: To examine levels of bacterial contamination in formula feeding bottles in Sidoarjo, East Java, and to assess the preparation practices that may have been responsible. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. We randomly selected 92 households with children under the age of two who were bottle-fed formula. In each household we carried out video observation of mothers/caregivers preparing bottles, and examined samples of formula for coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli (E...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708168/portable-laser-spectrometer-for-airborne-and-ground-based-remote-sensing-of-geological-co-sub-2-sub-emissions
#14
Manuel Queisser, Mike Burton, Graham R Allan, Antonio Chiarugi
A 24 kg, suitcase sized, CW laser remote sensing spectrometer (LARSS) with a ~2 km range has been developed. It has demonstrated its flexibility in measuring both atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> from an airborne platform and terrestrial emission of CO<sub>2</sub> from a remote mud volcano, Bledug Kuwu, Indonesia, from a ground-based sight. This system scans the CO<sub>2</sub> absorption line with 20 discrete wavelengths, as opposed to the typical two-wavelength online offline instrument...
July 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706999/ecological-connectivity-networks-in-rapidly-expanding-cities
#15
Amal Najihah M Nor, Ron Corstanje, Jim A Harris, Darren R Grafius, Gavin M Siriwardena
Urban expansion increases fragmentation of the landscape. In effect, fragmentation decreases connectivity, causes green space loss and impacts upon the ecology and function of green space. Restoration of the functionality of green space often requires restoring the ecological connectivity of this green space within the city matrix. However, identifying ecological corridors that integrate different structural and functional connectivity of green space remains vague. Assessing connectivity for developing an ecological network by using efficient models is essential to improve these networks under rapid urban expansion...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706988/unsustainable-development-pathways-caused-by-tropical-deforestation
#16
Luis Roman Carrasco, Thi Phuong Le Nghiem, Zhirong Chen, Edward B Barbier
Global sustainability strategies require assessing whether countries' development trajectories are sustainable over time. However, sustainability assessments are limited because losses of natural capital and its ecosystem services through deforestation have not been comprehensively incorporated into national accounts. We update the national accounts of 80 nations that underwent tropical deforestation from 2000 to 2012 and evaluate their development trajectories using weak and strong sustainability criteria...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704570/signs-of-eclampsia-during-singleton-deliveries-and-early-neonatal-mortality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-three-who-regions
#17
Saverio Bellizzi, Howard L Sobel, Mohamed M Ali
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of eclampsia symptoms and to explore associations between eclampsia and early neonatal mortality. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included Demographic and Health Surveys data from 2005 to 2012; details of signs related to severe obstetric adverse events of singleton deliveries during interviewees' most recent delivery in the preceding 5 years were included. Data and delivery history were merged for pooled analyses. Convulsions-used as an indicator for having experienced eclampsia-and early neonatal mortality rates were compared, and a generalized random effect model, adjusted for heterogeneity between and within countries, was used to investigate the impact of presumed eclampsia on early neonatal mortality...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698864/prevalence-age-distribution-and-risk-factors-of-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-positive-from-2007-to-2011-in-jakarta
#18
Laila Nuranna, Nyoman Bagus Donny, Gatot Purwoto, Hariyono Winarto, Tofan Widya Utami, Tricia Dewi Anggraeni, Alexander A W Peters
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is still the second most frequent cancer among Indonesian women, thus screening program is still critically important to prevent it. Visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) was introduced as a method which is most suitable with Indonesia's condition compared with the other screening methods. The Female Cancer Program from Jakarta Regional collaborated with Leiden University in 2007 to 2011 has done cervical cancer screening using VIA method, involving 25,406 women spreading across several primary health centers in Jakarta...
June 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695543/the-indonesian-eq-5d-5l-value-set
#19
Fredrick Dermawan Purba, Joke A M Hunfeld, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Titi Sahidah Fitriana, Sawitri Supardi Sadarjoen, Juan Manuel Ramos-Goñi, Jan Passchier, Jan J V Busschbach
BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D is one of the most used generic health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) instruments worldwide. To make the EQ-5D suitable for use in economic evaluations, a societal-based value set is needed. Indonesia does not have such a value set. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to derive an EQ-5D-5L value set from the Indonesian general population. METHODS: A representative sample aged 17 years and over was recruited from the Indonesian general population...
July 10, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695337/development-of-pediatric-neurosurgical-service-at-dr-soetomo-hospital-surabaya-indonesia
#20
REVIEW
Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Muhammad Arifin, Agus Turchan, Abdul Hafid Bajamal
PURPOSE: This review traces the history of pediatric neurosurgery at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital (DSGH) and its role in advancing the field of pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS: The history, the founding fathers, and the next generations of the pediatric neurosurgery in DSGH were traced back from original sources and authors' life stories. RESULT: Pediatric neurosurgical service at DSGH has its own unique perspective being a pediatric service in general hospital setting...
July 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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