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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820298/surveillance-for-hemorrhagic-septicemia-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-as-an-aid-to-range-expansion-of-the-javan-rhinoceros-rhinoceros-sondaicus-in-ujung-kulon-national-park-indonesia
#1
Kurnia Oktavia Khairani, Daryl Nydam, M Julia Felippe, Pat McDonough, Jason Barry, Rois Mahmud, M Haryono, Robin W Radcliffe
The Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) of Ujung Kulon National Park (UKNP) is the crown jewel of Indonesia's rich natural history. The park lies on a peninsula surrounded by coastline and agriculture-dominated landscapes. The invasion of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) into the park carries a substantial health risk to the Javan rhinoceros and threatens plans to establish a new population outside of its only current range in UKNP. Hemorrhagic septicemia (HS), known locally as septicemia epizootica and caused by Pasteurella multocida B:2, could thwart Indonesia's efforts to expand the range of the Javan rhinoceros...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818602/operational-modelling-of-bigeye-tuna-thunnus-obesus-spatial-dynamics-in-the-indonesian-region
#2
P Lehodey, I Senina, T A Wibawa, O Titaud, B Calmettes, A Conchon, B Tranchant, P Gaspar
With INDESO, Indonesia has implemented a system for the monitoring and management of its tuna resources. Despite increasing catch, very few is known about the dynamics and real abundance of tuna species in the Indonesian waters and adjacent oceanic regions. The SEAPODYM model was implemented in an operational chain of production for the Indonesian region to simulate tuna spatial dynamics in realtime. This challenging objective imposed developing a global scale model at coarse resolution to provide initial and boundaries conditions of the regional model...
August 14, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817666/assessing-the-sustainable-development-and-intensification-potential-of-beef-cattle-production-in-sumbawa-indonesia-using-a-system-dynamics-approach
#3
Dahlanuddin, Benjamin Henderson, Kanar Dizyee, Hermansyah, Andrew Ash
The intensification of beef cattle production in dryland areas of East Indonesia has the potential to substantially raise the incomes of smallholder farmers that dominate the sector. In this study we assess the potential for intensifying beef production on Sumbawa Island, by introducing a household feedlot production system (2-20 animals) based on the Leucaena leucocephala (leucanea) tree legume as an improved source of feed. We used a system dynamics approach to model the entire value chain, accounting for herd dynamics, demand dynamics and seasonality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817588/phylogeography-of-the-reticulated-python-malayopython-reticulatus-ssp-conservation-implications-for-the-worlds-most-traded-snake-species
#4
Gillian Murray-Dickson, Muhammad Ghazali, Rob Ogden, Rafe Brown, Mark Auliya
As an important economic natural resource in Southeast Asia, reticulated pythons (Malayopython reticulatus ssp.) are primarily harvested from the wild for their skins-which are prized in the luxury leather goods industry. Trade dynamics of this CITES Appendix II listed species are complex and management approaches on the country or regional level appear obscure. Little is known about the actual geographic point-of-harvest of snakes, how genetic diversity is partitioned across the species range, how current harvest levels may affect the genetic viability of populations, and whether genetic structure could (or should) be accounted for when managing harvest quotas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813531/short-term-leprosy-forecasting-from-an-expert-opinion-survey
#5
Michael S Deiner, Lee Worden, Alex Rittel, Sarah F Ackley, Fengchen Liu, Laura Blum, James C Scott, Thomas M Lietman, Travis C Porco
We conducted an expert survey of leprosy (Hansen's Disease) and neglected tropical disease experts in February 2016. Experts were asked to forecast the next year of reported cases for the world, for the top three countries, and for selected states and territories of India. A total of 103 respondents answered at least one forecasting question. We elicited lower and upper confidence bounds. Comparing these results to regression and exponential smoothing, we found no evidence that any forecasting method outperformed the others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812950/expression-of-cytochrome-p450-regulators-in-cynomolgus-macaque
#6
Yasuhiro Uno, Hiroshi Yamazaki
1. Cytochrome P450 (P450) regulators including nuclear receptors and transcription factors have not been fully investigated in cynomolgus macaques, an important species used in drug metabolism studies. In this study, we analyzed seventeen P450 regulators by sequence and phylogenetic analysis, and tissue expression. 2. Gene and genome structures of seventeen P450 regulators were similar to the human orthologs, and the deduced amino acid sequences showed high sequence identities (92-95%) and more closely clustered, with the human orthologs...
August 16, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811939/abo-gene-polymorphism-and-thrombomodulin-33g-a-polymorphism-were-not-risk-factors-for-myocardial-infarction-in-javanese-men
#7
Mifetika Lukitasari, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Mohammad Saifur Rohman
Genetic factors contribute to about a half of coronary artery diseases. During the last several decades, some studies suggested that non-O blood group and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A are the risk factors of coronary artery disease especially in Asia. There was no prior study in Indonesia regarding this issue. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the correlation of ABO polymorphism and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A with the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A total of 192 subjects were enrolled in this case control study...
2017: International Journal of Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807890/vulnerable-youth-as-prosumers-in-hiv-prevention-studies-using-participatory-action-research
#8
Cath Conn, Shoba Nayar, Dinar Lubis, Carol Maibvisira, Kristel Modderman
BACKGROUND: Stigma, voicelessness, and legislative and rights barriers, coupled with top-down decision making, are the common experiences of vulnerable youth populations that limit their opportunities to participate in vital health promotion efforts such as HIV prevention. OBJECTIVE: To consider new opportunities arising from a digital society for youth to creatively shape HIV prevention. METHODS: Drawing on research with vulnerable youth in Busoga, Uganda; Bulawayo, Zimbabwe; Bangkok, Thailand; and Bali, Indonesia, we explore current youth participation, in theory and practice, while considering new opportunities arising from a digital society for youth to creatively shape HIV prevention...
August 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807020/feasibility-study-of-strengthening-the-public-private-partnership-for-tuberculosis-case-detection-in-bandung-city-indonesia
#9
Bony Wiem Lestari, Nita Arisanti, Adiatma Y M Siregar, Estro Dariatno Sihaloho, Gelar Budiman, Philip C Hill, Bachti Alisjahbana, Susan McAllister
OBJECTIVE: Private practitioner's (PPs) collaboration for detection, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) is recommended by the World Health Organization and encouraged by the Indonesian National TB control programme. TB case management by PPs, however, are mostly not in line with current guidelines. Therefore, we developed an intervention package for PPs comprising of TB training, implementation of a mobile phone application for notification of TB cases and a 6-month regular follow-up with PPs...
August 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806635/oryong-501-sinking-incident-in-the-bering-sea-international-dvi-cooperation-in-the-asia-pacific
#10
Nak-Eun Chung, Anton Castilani, Wilfredo E Tierra, Philip Beh, Mohd Shah Mahmood
On December 1st, 2014, the sinking of Oryong 501 occurred in the Bering Sea off the east coast of Russia. A total of 60 crew members, including 35 Indonesians, 13 Filipinos, 11 South Koreans and 1 Russian inspector were on board out of which only seven survived. Through an international rescue operation, the dead bodies of 27 were found and the remaining 26 crew are still missing. After transferring the dead bodies to the Busan Harbor in South Korea, the operation to identify the deceased began involving DVI teams from three countries: Korea, Indonesia and the Philippines...
August 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805668/locally-sustainable-school-lunch-intervention-improves-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-and-body-mass-index-among-elementary-schoolchildren-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#11
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
School lunch is not provided in public elementary schools in Indonesia, and students frequently buy and eat snacks at school. We hypothesized that providing a traditional Sundanese meal as school lunch would be beneficial for children in rural West Java. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of a 1-month school lunch intervention aiming at sustainability and based on children's nutritional intake, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and body mass index (BMI). A lunch (including rice, vegetable dish, animal protein dish, plant protein dish, and fruit) containing one-third of the recommended daily allowance of energy was offered every school day for 1 month, targeting 68 fourth-grade elementary schoolchildren...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802027/performance-evaluation-of-the-bioneer-accupower%C3%A2-hiv-1-quantitative-rt-pcr-kit-comparison-with-the-roche-cobas%C3%A2-ampliprep-cobas-taqman%C3%A2-hiv-1-test-ver-2-0-for-quantification-of-hiv-1-viral-load-in-indonesia
#12
Agus Susanto Kosasih, Christine Sugiarto, Hubertus Hosti Hayuanta, Runingsih Juhaendi, Lyana Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Measurement of viral load in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected patients is essential for the establishment of a therapeutic strategy. Several assays based on qPCR are available for the measurement of viral load; they differ in sample volume, technology applied, target gene, sensitivity and dynamic range. The Bioneer AccuPower® HIV-1 Quantitative RT-PCR is a novel commercial kit that has not been evaluated for its performance. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the Bioneer AccuPower® HIV-1 Quantitative RT-PCR kit...
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801418/value-of-light-microscopy-to-diagnose-urogenital-gonorrhoea-a-diagnostic-test-study-in-indonesian-clinic-based-and-outreach-sexually-transmitted-infections-services
#13
I Putu Yuda Hananta, Alje P van Dam, Sylvia Maria Bruisten, Maarten Franciscus Schim van der Loeff, Hardyanto Soebono, Henry John Christiaan de Vries
INTRODUCTION: Gonorrhoea is a common sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng) infection. Light microscopy of urogenital smears is used as a simple tool to diagnose urogenital gonorrhoea in many resource-limited settings. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of light microscopy to diagnose urogenital gonorrhoea as compared with a PCR-based test. METHODS: In 2014, we examined 632 male urethral and 360 endocervical smears in clinic-based and outreach settings in Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Denpasar, Indonesia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801156/alarming-burden-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-india
#14
REVIEW
Krishan K Thakur, Devivasha Bordoloi, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women worldwide. Among the different breast cancer subtypes, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which is more prevalent among younger age women, is the most aggressive form. Numerous clinicopathologic studies performed throughout the world strongly support the utterly poor prognoses and high recurrence rate of TNBC. The present report details a thorough data survey from Google and PubMed on the burden of TNBC worldwide and other associated factors, with special emphasis on its ever increasing incidence among Indian women...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800616/seroprevalence-of-iga-anti-epstein-barr-virus-is-high-among-family-members-of-nasopharyngeal-cancer-patients-and-individuals-presenting-with-chronic-complaints-in-head-and-neck-area
#15
Susanna Hilda Hutajulu, Jajah Fachiroh, Gabriella Argy, Sagung Rai Indrasari, Luh Putu Lusy Indrawati, Dewi Kartikawati Paramita, Theodola Baning Rahayu Jati, Jaap M Middeldorp
Epstein-Barr (EBV) infection and presence of a nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) case in the family increases the risk of developing NPC. Aberrant anti-EBV immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies (EBV-IgA) may be present in the sera of non-cancer individuals and predict NPC. Limited studies report the presence of EBV-IgA antibodies within non-cancer individuals in Indonesia where the disease is prevalent. This study aimed at exploring whether EBV-IgA was found more frequently among first degree relatives of NPC patients and individuals presenting with chronic symptoms in the head and neck area compared to healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800212/abo-blood-group-phenotype-frequency-estimation-using-molecular-phenotyping-in-rhesus-and-cynomolgus-macaques
#16
S Kanthaswamy, J Ng, R Oldt, L Valdivia, P Houghton, D G Smith
A much larger sample (N = 2369) was used to evaluate a previously reported distribution of the A, AB and B blood group phenotypes in rhesus and cynomolgus macaques from six different regional populations. These samples, acquired from 15 different breeding and research facilities in the US, were analyzed using a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay that targets single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) responsible for the macaque A, B and AB phenotypes. The frequency distributions of blood group phenotypes of the two species differ significantly from each other, and significant regional differentiation within the geographic ranges of each species was also observed...
August 11, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798742/preservation-and-significance-of-extracellular-dna-in-ferruginous-sediments-from-lake-towuti-indonesia
#17
Aurèle Vuillemin, Fabian Horn, Mashal Alawi, Cynthia Henny, Dirk Wagner, Sean A Crowe, Jens Kallmeyer
Extracellular DNA is ubiquitous in soil and sediment and constitutes a dominant fraction of environmental DNA in aquatic systems. In theory, extracellular DNA is composed of genomic elements persisting at different degrees of preservation produced by processes occurring on land, in the water column and sediment. Extracellular DNA can be taken up as a nutrient source, excreted or degraded by microorganisms, or adsorbed onto mineral matrices, thus potentially preserving information from past environments. To test whether extracellular DNA records lacustrine conditions, we sequentially extracted extracellular and intracellular DNA from anoxic sediments of ferruginous Lake Towuti, Indonesia...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798007/industrial-pollutants-and-nasopharyngeal-cancer-an-open-question
#18
Roberto Menicagli, Gianni Bolla, Laura Menicagli, Anastassia Esseiridou
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma represents 0.7% of the total cancer cases in the world with an ASR index of 1.7 and is widely associated with Epstein-Barr virus. It is not common in Italy (ASR index of 0.5) while in China (ASR 1.9), one third of the clinical cases are observed in Guangdong (ASR index 11.3). It is also quite common in Malaysia and Indonesia. The activation of the cancerogenesis process happens after the exposure to some environmental parameters that epidemiological studies have indicated with various dietary habits, mainly for salted fish consumption...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797543/heavy-metal-bioaccumulation-in-mangrove-ecosystem-at-the-coral-triangle-ecoregion-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia
#19
Kangkuso Analuddin, Sahadev Sharma, Jamili, Andi Septiana, Idin Sahidin, Usman Rianse, Kazuo Nadaoka
This study aimed to determine the role of mangroves as a biofilter of heavy metals. The concentrations of heavy metals, namely copper, mercury, cadmium, zinc, and lead, in the mangroves Rhizophora apiculata, Ceriops tagal, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Lumnitzera racemosa, Xylocarpus granatum, Sonneratia alba, and Bruguiera parviflora at RAWN Park were determined using a Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer. High concentrations of Cu (83.85μgg(-1)) and Hg (0.52μgg(-1)) were found in the tissues of L. racemosa, while high concentrations of Cd (10...
August 7, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795920/risk-factors-associated-with-neonatal-deaths-a-matched-case-control-study-in-indonesia
#20
Asnawi Abdullah, Krishna Hort, Yuli Butu, Louise Simpson
Background Similar to global trends, neonatal mortality has fallen only slightly in Indonesia over the period 1990-2010, with a high proportion of deaths in the first week of life. Objective This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with neonatal deaths of low and normal birthweight infants that were amenable to health service intervention at a community level in a relatively poor province of Indonesia. Design A matched case-control study of neonatal deaths reported from selected community health centres (puskesmas) was conducted over 10 months in 2013...
December 2016: Global Health Action
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