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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329019/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-traditional-medicine-use-for-malaria-alongside-free-antimalarial-drugs-treatment-amongst-adults-in-high-risk-malaria-endemic-provinces-of-indonesia
#1
Dwi Linna Suswardany, David W Sibbritt, Sudibyo Supardi, Jerico F Pardosi, Sungwon Chang, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: The level of traditional medicine use, particularly Jamu use, in Indonesia is substantial. Indonesians do not always seek timely treatment for malaria and may seek self-medication via traditional medicine. This paper reports findings from the first focused analyses of traditional medicine use for malaria in Indonesia and the first such analyses worldwide to draw upon a large sample of respondents across high-risk malaria endemic areas. METHODS: A sub-study of the Indonesia Basic Health Research/Riskesdas Study 2010 focused on 12,226 adults aged 15 years and above residing in high-risk malaria-endemic provinces...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327110/an-assessment-of-the-impacts-of-child-oral-health-in-indonesia-and-associations-with-self-esteem-school-performance-and-perceived-employability
#2
Diah Ayu Maharani, Melissa Adiatman, Anton Rahardjo, Girvan Burnside, Cynthia Pine
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys have indicated that a majority of Indonesian children have poor oral health. However, little detailed information is available on underlying causation and none that examine impacts of oral health on child self-esteem, school performance and perceived employability. The aim of this study was to determine levels of child oral health in primary school children in Indonesia, the prevalence of key causal factors; and, to determine relationships between oral health, self-esteem and school academic performance...
March 21, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324144/participatory-planning-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-multi-stakeholder-platforms-in-integrated-landscape-initiatives
#3
Koen Kusters, Louise Buck, Maartje de Graaf, Peter Minang, Cora van Oosten, Roderick Zagt
Integrated landscape initiatives typically aim to strengthen landscape governance by developing and facilitating multi-stakeholder platforms. These are institutional coordination mechanisms that enable discussions, negotiations, and joint planning between stak4eholders from various sectors in a given landscape. Multi-stakeholder platforms tend to involve complex processes with diverse actors, whose objectives and focus may be subjected to periodic re-evaluation, revision or reform. In this article we propose a participatory method to aid planning, monitoring, and evaluation of such platforms, and we report on experiences from piloting the method in Ghana and Indonesia...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318361/suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-member-states-2007-2013
#4
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess suicidal ideation and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. METHODS: The analysis included 30,284 school children aged 13-15 years from seven ASEAN countries that participated in the cross-sectional global school-based student health survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months across seven ASEAN countries was 12...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318234/light-absorbing-brown-carbon-aerosol-constituents-from-combustion-of-indonesian-peat-and-biomass
#5
Sri Hapsari Budisulistiorini, Matthieu Riva, Michael Williams, Jing Chen, Masayuki Itoh, Jason Douglas Surratt, Mikinori Kuwata
Light-absorbing brown carbon (BrC) constituents of organic aerosol (OA) have been shown to significantly absorb ultra-violet (UV) and visible light, and thus, impact radiative forcing. However, molecular identification of the BrC constituents is still limited. In this study, we characterize BrC constituents at the molecular level in: i) aerosols emitted by combustion of peat, fern/leaf, and charcoal from Indonesia and ii) ambient aerosols collected in Singapore during the 2015 haze episode. Aerosols were analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography interfaced to a diode array detector and electrospray ionization high-resolution quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (UPLC/DAD-(-)ESI-HR-QTOFMS) operated in the negative ion mode...
March 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317798/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-species-and-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-coinfection-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-dr-soetomo-hospital-surabaya-indonesia
#6
Ni Made Mertaniasih, Deby Kusumaningrum, Eko Budi Koendhori, Tutik Kusmiati, Desak Nyoman Surya Suameitria Dewi
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the detection of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) species derived from sputum specimens of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) suspects. Increasing prevalence and incidence of pulmonary infection by NTM species have widely been reported in several countries with geographical variation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2014 and September 2015, sputum specimens from chronic pulmonary TB suspect patients were analyzed...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315305/bionomics-of-anopheles-diptera-culicidae-in-a-malaria-endemic-region-of-sungai-nyamuk-village-sebatik-island-north-kalimantan-indonesia
#7
Sugiarto, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, Lukman Hakim
The bionomics of Anopheles was investigated in coastal Sungai Nyamuk Village, Nunukan District, North Kalimantan Province from August 2010 to January 2012. Mosquitoes were captured using human landing collections. A total of 5,103 Anopheles mosquitoes comprising 11 species were caught and 2,259 adult parous females were tested by ELISA for Plasmodium antigen. Anopheles vagus, An. sundaicus and An. subpictus were the most abundant species caught. Overall, Anopheles vagus were zoophilic and exophagic, but there was variation between species...
March 14, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304327/retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-indonesia-incidence-and-risk-factors
#8
J Edy Siswanto, P Jj Sauer
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vaso-proliferative disease of the eye, which mainly affects preterm newborn infants with an incompletely vascularized retina. The incidence of ROP has increased in industrialized countries due to the increased survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. ROP is also increasing in developing countries like Indonesia, where it is most likely due to the improved survival of ELBW infants. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the incidence of ROP and possible risk factors associated with the development of ROP in preterm infants in Indonesia...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303199/hiv-aids-in-the-south-east-asia-region-progress-and-challenges
#9
EDITORIAL
Razia Pendse, Somya Gupta, Dongbao Yu, Swarup Sarkar
The South-East Asia region, with 11 member states, has an estimated 3.5 million people living with HIV (PLHIV). More than 99% of PLHIV live in five countries where HIV prevalence among the population aged 15-49 remains low but is between 2% and 29% among key populations. Since 2010, the region has made progress to combat the epidemic. Mature condom programmes exist in most countries but opioid substitution therapy, and needle and syringe exchange programmes need to be scaled up. HIV testing is recommended nationwide in four countries and is prioritised in high prevalence areas or for key populations in the rest...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302930/molecular-characterization-of-an-akabane-virus-isolate-from-west-java-indonesia
#10
Suryo Purnomo Edi, Afif Ibrahim, Rinto Sukoco, Lukman Bunali, Masaji Taguchi, Tomoko Kato, Tohru Yanase, Hiroaki Shirafuji
We isolated an arbovirus from bovine blood in Indonesia. The arbovirus was obtained from the plasma of a cow showing no clinical symptoms in West Java in February 2014, and was identified as Akabane virus (AKAV) by AKAV-specific RT-PCR and subsequent sequence analysis. Phylogenetic analysis based on partial S segment indicated the AKAV isolate, WJ-1SA/P/2014, was most closely related with two isolates from Israel and Turkey reported in 2001 and 2015, respectively, and that WJ-1SA/P/2014 isolate belongs to AKAV genogroup Ib...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302312/cholera
#11
REVIEW
John D Clemens, G Balakrish Nair, Tahmeed Ahmed, Firdausi Qadri, Jan Holmgren
Cholera is an acute, watery diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae of the O1 or O139 serogroups. In the past two centuries, cholera has emerged and spread from the Ganges Delta six times and from Indonesia once to cause global pandemics. Rational approaches to the case management of cholera with oral and intravenous rehydration therapy have reduced the case fatality of cholera from more than 50% to much less than 1%. Despite improvements in water quality, sanitation, and hygiene, as well as in the clinical treatment of cholera, the disease is still estimated to cause about 100 000 deaths every year...
March 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298208/looking-back-to-move-forward-a-twenty-year-audit-of-herpes-zoster-in-asia-pacific
#12
REVIEW
Liang-Kung Chen, Hidenori Arai, Liang-Yu Chen, Ming-Yueh Chou, Samsuridjal Djauzi, Birong Dong, Taro Kojima, Ki Tae Kwon, Hoe Nam Leong, Edward M F Leung, Chih-Kuang Liang, Xiaohong Liu, Dilip Mathai, Jiun Yit Pan, Li-Ning Peng, Eduardo Rommel S Poblete, Philip J H Poi, Stewart Reid, Terapong Tantawichien, Chang Won Won
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is a prevalent viral disease that inflicts substantial morbidity and associated healthcare and socioeconomic burdens. Current treatments are not fully effective, especially among the most vulnerable patients. Although widely recommended, vaccination against HZ is not routine; barriers in Asia-Pacific include long-standing neglect of adult immunisation and sparse local data. To address knowledge gaps, raise awareness, and disseminate best practice, we reviewed recent data and guidelines on HZ from the Asia-Pacific region...
March 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295834/an-expert-system-model-for-mapping-tropical-wetlands-and-peatlands-reveals-south-america-as-the-largest-contributor
#13
Thomas Gumbricht, Rosa Maria Roman-Cuesta, Louis Verchot, Martin Herold, Florian Wittmann, Ethan Householder, Nadine Herold, Daniel Murdiyarso
Wetlands are important providers of ecosystem services and key regulators of climate change. They positively contribute to global warming through their greenhouse gas emissions, and negatively through the accumulation of organic material in histosols, particularly in peatlands. Our understanding of wetlands' services is currently constrained by limited knowledge on their distribution, extent, volume, inter-annual flood variability, and disturbance levels. We present an expert system approach to estimate wetland and peatland areas, depths and volumes, which relies on three biophysical indices related to wetland and peat formation: 1...
March 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294089/media-audit-reveals-inappropriate-promotion-of-products-under-the-scope-of-the-international-code-of-marketing-of-breast-milk-substitutes-in-south-east-asia
#14
Kristine Hansen Vinje, Linh Thi Hong Phan, Tuan Thanh Nguyen, Sigrun Henjum, Lovise Omoijuanfo Ribe, Roger Mathisen
OBJECTIVE: To review regulations and to perform a media audit of promotion of products under the scope of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes ('the Code') in South-East Asia. DESIGN: We reviewed national regulations relating to the Code and 800 clips of editorial content, 387 advertisements and 217 Facebook posts from January 2015 to January 2016. We explored the ecological association between regulations and market size, and between the number of advertisements and market size and growth of milk formula...
March 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290266/improved-diagnosis-of-trichuris-trichiura-by-using-a-bead-beating-procedure-on-ethanol-preserved-stool-samples-prior-to-dna-isolation-and-the-performance-of-multiplex-real-time-pcr-for-intestinal-parasites
#15
Maria M M Kaisar, Eric A T Brienen, Yenny Djuardi, Erliyani Sartono, Maria Yazdanbakhsh, Jaco J Verweij, Taniawati Supali, Lisette VAN Lieshout
For the majority of intestinal parasites, real-time PCR-based diagnosis outperforms microscopy. However, the data for Trichuris trichiura have been less convincing and most comparative studies have been performed in populations with low prevalence. This study aims to improve detection of T. trichuria DNA in human stool by evaluating four sample preparation methods. Faecal samples (n = 60) were collected at Flores island, Indonesia and examined by microscopy. Aliquots were taken and a bead-beating procedure was used both on directly frozen stool and on material preserved with 96% ethanol...
March 14, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287181/a-new-group-of-glycoside-hydrolase-family-13-%C3%AE-amylases-with-an-aberrant-catalytic-triad
#16
Fean D Sarian, Štefan Janeček, Tjaard Pijning, Ihsanawati, Zeily Nurachman, Ocky K Radjasa, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, Dessy Natalia, Marc J E C van der Maarel
α-Amylases are glycoside hydrolase enzymes that act on the α(1→4) glycosidic linkages in glycogen, starch, and related α-glucans, and are ubiquitously present in Nature. Most α-amylases have been classified in glycoside hydrolase family 13 with a typical (β/α)8-barrel containing two aspartic acid and one glutamic acid residue that play an essential role in catalysis. An atypical α-amylase (BmaN1) with only two of the three invariant catalytic residues present was isolated from Bacillus megaterium strain NL3, a bacterial isolate from a sea anemone of Kakaban landlocked marine lake, Derawan Island, Indonesia...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286666/translation-adaptation-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-tool-for-measuring-nurses-attitudes-towards-research-in-indonesian-primary-health-care
#17
Kurnia Rachmawati, Tim Schultz, Lynette Cusack
AIM: The purpose of this study was to translate, adapt and psychometrically test the Nurses' attitudes towards and awareness of research and development within nursing (ATRAD-N) version II for measuring nursing research and research utilization in Indonesian primary health care nurses. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHOD: The translation process was conducted by applying the forward and back-translation method. Adaptation and content validity was assessed by six experts in Indonesia...
April 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282532/study-of-%C3%AE-h2ax-as-dna-double-strand-break-biomarker-in-resident-living-in-high-natural-radiation-area-of-mamuju-west-sulawesi
#18
Iin Kurnia Hasan Basri, Darlina Yusuf, Tur Rahardjo, Siti Nurhayati, Devita Tetriana, Dwi Ramadhani, Zubaidah Alatas, Sofiati Purnami, Teja Kisnanto, Yanti Lusiyanti, Mukh Syaifudin
High expression of phospho histone γ-H2AX, a sensitive marker of double stranded DNA damage, is believed to be an indication of defective DNA repair pathway or genomic instability that may cause mutations and ultimately cancer. DNA damage can be caused by ionizing radiation exposure. Beside in medical treatment/diagnosis or industry, ionizing radiation exposure can also be found in naturally in regions of high natural back ground radiation. In this study we collect the blood from 45 volunteers living in Mamuju, a region with highest natural radiation in Indonesia (dose of ∼7 mSv/year)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278416/arboviral-diseases-and-malaria-in-australia-2013-14-annual-report-of-the-national-arbovirus-and-malaria-advisory-committee
#19
Katrina E Knope, Mike Muller, Nina Kurucz, Stephen L Doggett, Rebecca Feldman, Cheryl A Johansen, Michaela Hobby, Sonya Bennett, Stacey Lynch, Angus Sly, Bart J Currie
This report describes the epidemiology of mosquito-borne diseases of public health importance in Australia during the 2013-14 season (1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014) and includes data from human notifications, sentinel chicken, vector and virus surveillance programs. The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System received notifications for 8,898 cases of disease transmitted by mosquitoes during the 2013-14 season. The Australasian alphaviruses Barmah Forest virus and Ross River virus accounted for 6,372 (72%) total notifications...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278215/dietary-diversity-feeding-selectivity-and-responses-to-fruit-scarcity-of-two-sympatric-bornean-primates-hylobates-albibarbis-and-presbytis-rubicunda-rubida
#20
Dena J Clink, Christopher Dillis, Katie L Feilen, Lydia Beaudrot, Andrew J Marshall
Effectively characterizing primate diets is fundamental to understanding primate behavior, ecology and morphology. Examining temporal variation in a species' diet, as well as comparing the responses of different species to variation in resource availability, can enhance understanding of the evolution of morphology and socioecology. In this study, we use feeding data collected over five years to describe the diets of two sympatric Southeast Asian primate species of similar body size: white-bearded gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis) and red leaf monkeys (Presbytis rubicunda rubida), in Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia...
2017: PloS One
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