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Stefan Flohr
About 100 hominin bones were found during excavations at the Liang Bua cave on the island of Flores, Indonesia. More than 60 of them were assigned to the partial skeleton LB1 which was designated as the holotype of a new species, Homo floresiensis . Analyses of skeletal proportions of LB1 led to the conclusion that its foot was exceptionally long relative to femur and tibia, respectively. This ratio was considered a unique feature that contributes to the definition of the new species. The published illustrations of the in situ -situation and the published inventory of the bones suggest a high degree of commingling rather than the presence of larger anatomically joining units that was asserted in the publications on the findings...
March 14, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Kishore P Madhwani, P K Nag
Background: Use of laptops and hand-held devices increase the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). More time spent on this activity adopting faulty postures, higher the risk of developing such injuries. This study addresses training on office ergonomics with emphasis on sustainable behavior change among employees to work in safe postures, as this is a top priority in the corporate environment, today. Aim: To explore training intervention methods that ensure wider coverage of awareness on office ergonomics, thereby promoting safer working and suggesting sustainable programs for behavior change and job enrichment...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Katherine Rouleau, Monique Bourget, Patrick Chege, Francois Couturier, Paula Godoy-Ruiz, Paul H Grand'Maison, Melanie Henry, Kerling Israel, Videsh Kapoor, Hendra Kurniawan, Louella Lobo, Mahamane Maiga, Samantha Pereira Franca, Lynda Redwood-Campbell, Jamie Rodas, Raman Sohal, Dawit Wondimagegn, Robert Woolard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a limited evidentiary base on the development of family medicine in different contexts and countries. The lack of evidence impedes our ability to compare and characterize family medicine models and identify areas of success that have led to the effective provision of care. This paper offers a comparative compilation and analysis of the development of family medicine training programs in seven countries: Brazil, Canada, Ethiopia, Haiti, Indonesia, Kenya, and Mali...
March 8, 2018: Family Medicine
Dmitry A Apanaskevich, Howard E Lemon
Ixodes goliath n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), is described based on females collected from the eastern hyomys, Hyomys goliath (Milne-Edwards) (Rodentia: Muridae) from Papua New Guinea. Females of I. goliath n. sp. are similar to those of I. priscicollaris Schulze, 1932 but can be distinguished by the overall size, porose areas sculpture and shape of palpal segment I ventrally. For comparative purposes, the female of I. priscicollaris is redescribed. Studied females of I. priscicollaris were found on murid rodents and Phascogale sp...
March 13, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Radhian Amandito, Raihandhana Putradista, Clara Jikesya, Dwi Utaminingsih, Jumnalis Rusin, Rinawati Rohsiswatmo, Amarila Malik
OBJECTIVE: The genetic involvement in unconjugated neonatal hyperbilirubinemia has been extensively studied. Despite the high incidence of hyperbilirubinemia in Indonesia, studies are lacking. The objective of this study is to elucidate the role of polymorphism in the UGT1A1 in Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia in Bengkulu, Indonesia. RESULTS: There were 41 neonates enrolled in the study; 30 had a total serum bilirubin level ≥ 15 mg/dL (hyperbilirubinemia neonates) while 11 has < 15 mg/dL (control neonates)...
March 13, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Salma Oktaria, Norma Sofisa Hurif, Wardiansyah Naim, Hok Bing Thio, Tamar E C Nijsten, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Poverty has long been considered a risk factor for leprosy and is related to nutritional deficiencies. In this study, we aim to investigate the association between poverty-related diet and nutrition with leprosy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In rural leprosy-endemic areas in Indonesia, we conducted a household-based case-control study using two controls for each case patient (100 recently diagnosed leprosy patients and 200 controls), matched for age and gender...
March 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Erda Rindrasih, Thomas Hartmann, Patrick Witte, Tejo Spit, Annelies Zoomers
Tourists are particularly vulnerable when natural disasters occur in regions that they are visiting. It is assumed that they lack awareness and understanding of the actions that they need to take in such circumstances. This study examines the responses of tourists in times of disaster, building on empirical data collected through large-scale surveys conducted in Bali and Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in 2015. Both are important tourist destinations in the country that have suffered major disasters in recent years...
March 13, 2018: Disasters
Taraprasad Das
PURPOSE: The International Agency for Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) South East Asia region (SEAR) that consists of 11 countries contains 26% of the world's population (1,761,000,000). In this region 12 million are blind and 78.5 million are visually impaired. This amounts to 30% of global blindness and 32% of global visual impairment. DESIGN: Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness (RAAB) survey analysis. METHODS: RAAB, either a repeat or a first time survey, was completed in 8 countries in this decade (2010 onwards)...
March 13, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Syah Mirsya Warli, Dhirajaya Dharma Kadar, Ginanda Putra Siregar
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the 9th most frequent cancer worldwide. Ki-67 is immunohistochemistry marker that is predictive of cancer cell proliferation. The expression of Ki-67 is associated with poor prognosis in several types of malignancy, yet the value of Ki-67 as the prognostic factor in bladder cancer remains controversial. AIM: This study is aimed to investigate the association between Ki-67 expression with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC)...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Thomas Shepherd, Inneke Rumengan, Ali Sahami
The post-depositional geochemical behaviour of mercury and arsenic in submarine mine tailings from the Mesel Gold Mine in Buyat Bay, North Sulawesi, Indonesia was assessed by in situ sampling of tailings porewaters using dialysis arrays and seawater and fish monitoring. Under steady-state conditions one year after cessation of tailings discharge, the calculated arsenic efflux incrementally added 0.8 μg/L of arsenic to the overlying seawater. The mercury efflux across the tailings-seawater interface was negligible...
February 26, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
Alison Krentel, Kaye Wellings
BACKGROUND: The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis has set 2020 as a target to eliminate lymphatic filariasis (LF) as a public health problem through mass drug administration (MDA) to all eligible people living in endemic areas. To obtain a better understanding of compliance with LF treatment, a qualitative study using 43 in-depth interviews was carried out in Alor District, Indonesia to explore factors that motivate uptake of LF treatment, including the social and behavioural differences between compliant and non-compliant individuals...
March 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate depressive symptoms and their association with sociodemographic factors, stressors and support, including childhood adversity, health status risk and behaviour in Indonesia. METHOD: In a cross-sectional national population survey in 2014-15 in Indonesia, 31442 adults (mean age 37.3 years, SD = 14.9, age range 15-101 years) responded to the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) and various other measures...
March 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Sekar Ayu Paramita, Chiho Yamazaki, Elsa Pudji Setiawati, Hiroshi Koyama
Indonesia has been decentralized since 2001, and we evaluated the distribution trends of physicians, puskesmas (community health centers), hospitals, and hospital beds in 34 provinces in Indonesia for 2000 to 2014. Inequality index of Gini showed improvement of the distribution of physicians and decreased from 0.38 to 0.29. The indices in distributions of hospitals and hospital beds also decreased from 0.26 to 0.17 and from 0.25 to 0.18, respectively. However, the index in the distribution of puskesmas increased from 0...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Lauren Rumble, Ali Aulia Ramly, Mu'man Nuryana, Michael P Dunne
Nationally representative research into violence against children is necessary to understand the scale and complexity of such violence and to evaluate prevention efforts. To date, however, most countries do not have adequate data. In 2013, the government of Indonesia conducted a national Violence Against Children Survey (VACS). This was a cross-sectional household survey of male and female 13-to-24- year-olds designed to estimate physical, emotional, and sexual violence prevalence. The target was to interview at least 2580 individuals; but response rates were much lower than anticipated (females = 66...
2018: Child Indicators Research
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Phyllida Travis, Achmad Soebagjo Tancarino, Krisada Sawaengdee, Yanchen Chhoedon, Safeenaz Hassan, Nareerut Pudpong
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend of international migration of health professionals from low- and middle- income countries to high-income countries as well as across middle-income countries. The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel was created to better address health workforce development and the ethical conduct of international recruitment. This study assessed policies and practices in 4 countries in South East Asia on managing the in- and out-migration of doctors and nurses to see whether the management has been in line with the WHO Global Code and has fostered health workforce development in the region; and draws lessons from these countries...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Shinta Indah, Denny Helard, Marjani Amajida Herfi, Hukama Hamid
  This paper aims to assess metallic pollution in the Batang Arau River, an important source of freshwater supply for local communities in West Sumatera, Indonesia, by applying multivariate statistical techniques. Sampling was conducted at eight stations along the river from March to May 2014. The results indicate that all the metals studied have similar spatial distribution patterns, with an increasing trend in concentration from upstream to downstream. Total concentration of six metals studied upstream, as background concentration, was 1...
March 1, 2018: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
A Ashraf, S Mahboob, R Andleeb, M U Ijaz, M S Shah
Recently, medicinal plants are achieving great interest because of their use in ethno medicine treatment of different common diseases and also other medicinal assertions are now reinforced by comprehensive scientific evidence. Almost 82 research articles and abstracts published, so far, were screened for evaluating antiviral efficiency of various plant samples and 23 different plants were found to be traditionally used against Newcastle disease (ND). ND is a most transmissible viral disease of avian species caused by virulent strain of Avula virus from the Paramyxoviridae family...
2018: Acta Virologica
Aang Sutrisna, Jacky Knowles, Abas Basuni, Ravi Menon, Anung Sugihantono
The objective of this study was to assess the contribution of iodine intake from iodised household salt, iodised salt in instant noodles, and iodine in ground water in five regions of Indonesia. Secondary data analysis was performed using the 2013 Primary Health Research Survey, the 2014 Total Diet Study, and data from food industry research. Iodine intake was estimated among 2719 children, 10-12 years of age (SAC), 13,233 women of reproductive age (WRA), and 578 pregnant women (PW). Combined estimated iodine intake from the three stated sources met 78%, 70%, and 41% of iodine requirements for SAC, WRA and PW, respectively...
March 8, 2018: Nutrients
I Ketut Agus Somia, Nipat Teeratakulpisarn, Wifanto S Jeo, Ilias A Yee, Tippawan Pankam, Siriporn Nonenoy, Deondara Trachuntong, Pravit Mingkwanrungrueng, Made Dewi D Sukmawati, Reshmie Ramautarsing, Hanny Nilasari, Nany Hairunisa, Iskandar Azwa, Evy Yunihastuti, Tuti P Merati, Praphan Phanuphak, Joel Palefsky, Nittaya Phanuphak
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of and associated risk factors for anal high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) in Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia.This was baseline data from a prospective cohort study with clinic sites in Jakarta and Bali (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).MSM and TGW aged 18 years and older from Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia were enrolled. Demographic and behavioral characteristics were assessed, and anal samples were collected for HPV genotyping...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
David Ferrandiz-Mont, Nur Wahyuniati, Hsin-Jen Chen, Mulyadi Mulyadi, Tjut Mariam Zanaria, Dar-Der Ji
INTRODUCTION: Exact etiology and proper treatment of eczema are still unknown. The hygiene hypothesis and epidermal barrier dysfunction hypothesis attempted to give some plausible explanations for these issues but they still remain unclear. The identification of factors, including hygiene practices, related to eczema symptoms (ES) could shed some light on these matters. Therefore, this study aimed to determine risk factors related to ES and the ES prevalence in two disparate areas in terms of urbanization in Aceh, Indonesia...
March 7, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
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