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Tarsal coalition

Toshinori Kurashige
In recent years, some authors have reported accessory anterolateral talar facet impingement with flatfoot including peroneal spastic flatfoot. Conversely, to our knowledge, no case report has been published about accessory anterolateral talar facet impingement with tibialis spastic varus foot. We report the first case in a 22-year-old man with intellectual disability, bilateral cleft hands and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Since spraining his left ankle over a year earlier, he experienced left sinus tarsi pain while standing and walking...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Alessio Bernasconi, François Lintz, Francesco Sadile
Subtalar arthroereisis has been reported as a minimally-invasive, effective and low-risk procedure in the treatment of flatfoot mainly in children but also in adults.It has been described as a standalone or adjunctive procedure, and is indicated in the treatment of flexible flatfoot, tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction, tarsal coalition and accessory navicular syndrome.Different devices for subtalar arthroereisis are currently used throughout the world associated with soft-tissue and bone procedures, depending on the surgeon rather than on standardised or validated protocols...
November 2017: EFORT open reviews
Aneek Das Bhowmik, Vijayalakshmi Salem Ramakumaran, Ashwin Dalal
We report a family of Indian origin presenting with Tarsal-carpal coalition syndrome (TCC), which is a rare genetic disorder of skeletal abnormalities, inherited in autosomal dominant manner. In this family, three individuals (mother and two children) were found to be similarly affected with slight intrafamilial individual variability in the phenotype. Sanger sequencing revealed a novel heterozygous missense mutation in NOG gene (NM_005450.4:c.611G>A) in all the affected individuals of the family. Until now only six mutations have been reported in different families affected with TCC syndrome worldwide...
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Kevin Renner, Eric So, Amanda Quisno, Daniel Logan
BACKGROUND: Tarsal coalitions typically occur at the talocalcaneal or calcaneonavicular joints. Common findings are pain, limited range of motion, and a pes planus deformity. METHODS: The focus of this case report will include the presentation, imaging, treatment, and outcomes for a 21-year-old female diagnosed with a rare lateral cuneo-cuboid coalition with chronic pain. Clinical and radiographic examinations, typically utilized to diagnose the common coalition, were unremarkable...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Onur Kocadal, Arzu Ozsoy, Hakan Ozsoy
The ball-and-socket ankle joint is a rare deformity characterized by the loss of concavity in the trochlear surface of the talus with rounding of the articular surfaces of the distal fibula and tibia. Frequently, tarsal coalitions, fibular hypoplasia, and shortening of the limb accompany this deformity. To date, no data have been reported on surgical treatment of lateral ankle joint instability and peroneal tendon dislocation concomitant with a ball-and-socket ankle joint. In the present study, we report the case of a 43-year-old male patient with right lateral ankle joint instability and peroneal tendon dislocation in a ball-and-socket ankle joint, with accompanying tarsal coalition...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Zeng Zhang, Dan Yi, Rong Xie, John L Hamilton, Qing-Lin Kang, Di Chen
Postaxial limb hypoplasia (PALH) is a group of nonhereditary diseases with congenital lower limb deficiency affecting the fibular ray, including fibular hemimelia, proximal femoral focal deficiency, and tarsal coalition. The etiology and the developmental biology of the anomaly are still not fully understood. Here, we review the previous classification systems, present the clinical features, and discuss the developmental biology of PALH.
December 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Anil K Bhat, Sandesh Madi, Prajwal Prabhudev Mane, Ashwath Acharya
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is one of the frequently encountered entrapment neuropathies of the lower limb. Most often the aetiology is considered to be idiopathic. However, it has to be thoroughly investigated to rule out diverse extrinsic and intrinsic causes. The sustentaculum tali (ST) forms the superior part of the distal tarsal tunnel, and any increase in its size may result in irritation of the tibial nerve or its branches, the medial and lateral plantar nerves or decrease the overall volume of the tarsal tunnel culminating to clinical features of TTS...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Ha Yong Kim, Hyuck Soo Shin, Jun Hyuck Ko, Yong Han Cha, Jae Hoon Ahn, Jae Yeon Hwang
BACKGROUND: Flatfoot deformity is a lever arm disease that incurs kinetic inefficiency during gait. The purpose of this study was to measure the degree of kinetic inefficiency by comparing the gait analysis data of a flatfoot group with a normal control group. METHODS: The patient group consisted of 26 children (21 males and 5 females) with symptomatic flatfoot. They were examined with gait analysis between May 2005 and February 2014. Exclusion criteria were patients with secondary flatfoot caused by neuromuscular disorders, tarsal coalition, vertical talus, or others...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
William R Aibinder, Ernest Y Young, Todd A Milbrandt
Talocalcaneal tarsal coalitions are a common source of foot pain, stiffness, and deformity. These coalitions are treated symptomatically with rest and periods of immobilization. When those measures fail, surgical resection is attempted. This procedure is an anatomic challenge with the consequence of leaving residual coalition. The residual coalition primarily results from difficulty with intraoperative imaging because fluoroscopy does not provide adequate detail of this area. Some investigators have recommended intraoperative computed tomography after resection with reasonable results...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Javier Masquijo, Victoria Allende, Armando Torres-Gomez, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Calcaneonavicular coalitions are the most common form of tarsal coalitions. The prefered treatment for symptomatic coalitions is surgical resection; however, there are no published studies that directly compare different interposition techniques. The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively compare pain relief, functional outcomes, and complications of children and adolescents who had a resection of a symptomatic calcaneonavicular coalition with interposition of fat graft, bone wax, or extensor digitorum brevis (EDB)...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Susan T Mahan, Victoria I Prete, Samantha A Spencer, James R Kasser, Sarah D Bixby
Posteromedial subtalar (PMST) coalitions are a recently described anatomic subtype of tarsal coalitions. We compared with clinical patient-based outcomes of patients with PMST and standard middle facet (MF) coalitions who had undergone surgical excision of their coalition. The included patients had undergone surgical excision of a subtalar tarsal coalition, preoperative computed tomography (CT), and patient-based outcomes measures after surgery (including the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [AOFAS] scale and University of California, Los Angeles [UCLA], activity score)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Lawrence A DiDomenico, Danielle N Butto
Subtalar joint arthrodesis is a procedure used in posttraumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, tarsal coalition management, posterior tibial tendon dysfunction, and inflammatory arthropathies, and can be used in deformity correction. The goals of the procedure are to eliminate pain, improve function, restore stability, and realign the hind foot. The procedure has high patient satisfaction with low complications while preserving motion in adjacent tarsal joints. Joint preparation is important and time should be spent preparing the joint for successful arthrodesis and the fixation construct needs to be done well and effectively to provide a solid Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) construct for good results...
July 2017: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Pablo A I Slullitel, Maria L Tripodi, Santiago T Bosio, Miguel Puigdevall, Rubén Maenza
Rarely, osteochondral lesions of the talus occur without a history of trauma. Accurate interpretation of the mechanical load distributions onto the ankle leading to potential atraumatic cartilage damage must always be studied. The published data on the optimal treatment of talar osteochondral lesions in skeletally immature patients are scarce, especially when the lesions are associated with hindfoot malalignment. We describe the case of a pediatric female with an atraumatic osteochondral lesion of the talus associated with a talocalcaneal coalition and a valgus hindfoot, which we consider the first case to be reported...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Jason S Chu, Tyler Underriner, Arthur Yegorov
Tarsal coalition is a condition described by partial union between tarsal bones. Its clinical significance is the potential cause for chronic pain in the ankle and foot. Diagnosis of this condition may be delayed until adolescence or early adulthood, and is often made incidentally on examination for other purposes. Treatments for this condition can range from conservative options to surgical approach. The calcaneonavicular and talocalcaneal subtypes make up the majority of this condition, with involvement among other tarsal bones much rarer in comparison...
March 2017: Radiology Case Reports
Andreas Leonidou, Melita Irving, Simon Holden, Marcos Katchburian
Proximal symphalangism (SYM1B) (OMIM 615298) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder affecting joint fusion. It is characterized by variable fusions of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands, typically of the ring and little finger, with the thumb typically being spared. SYM1 is frequently associated with coalition of tarsal bones and conductive hearing loss. Molecular studies have identified two possible genetic aetiologies for this syndrome, NOG and GDF5. We herein present a British caucasian family with SYM1B caused by a mutation of the GDF5 gene...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Julia Crim
Abnormalities of the medial ligaments and posterior tibial tendon can occur because of acute injury or chronic instability or malalignment. Medial ankle injuries may occur because of pronation or supination-external rotation injuries. Deltoid ligament injuries have a significant impact on lateral ankle instability but can be overlooked in patients with lateral ligament injuries. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is usually associated with spring ligament or flexor retinaculum injury. Tarsal tunnel syndrome, accessory flexor muscles, and subtalar coalition should be considered as well as ligament and tendon tears in differential diagnosis of chronic medial ankle pain...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
Samuel D Madoff, Jeffrey Kaye, Joel S Newman
MR imaging has an important role in the evaluation of the postoperative foot and ankle. In this article, a variety of operative techniques and postoperative findings in the foot and ankle are described, including tendon and ligament reconstruction, as well as the treatment of tarsal coalition and Morton neuroma. The role of MR imaging in the assessment of complications of foot and ankle surgery is also detailed.
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
Gloria N L Wong, Tien Jin Tan
Posterior ankle pain is a cause of chronic pain and disability, afflicting a wide range of individuals. While proper identification of the cause is essential for timely and adequate treatment, identifying the cause and excluding mimickers is often challenging for the physician due to the complex nature of the joint. In addition, pathology that can cause posterior ankle pain may occur on their own or in co-existence. Clinical conditions that can present as posterior ankle pain include: posterior ankle impingement, Achilles tendon pathology, medial flexor tendon pathology, peroneal pathology, retrocalcaneal bursitis, posterior subtalar tarsal coalition, sinus tarsi, and tarsal tunnel syndrome...
December 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Erin FitzGerald Alaia, Zehava Sadka Rosenberg, Jenny T Bencardino, Gina A Ciavarra, Ignacio Rossi, Catherine N Petchprapa
OBJECTIVE: To assess, utilizing MRI, tarsal tunnel disease in patients with talocalcaneal coalitions. To the best of our knowledge, this has only anecdotally been described before. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven ankle MRIs with talocalcaneal coalition were retrospectively reviewed for disease of tendons and nerves of the tarsal tunnel. Interobserver variability in diagnosing tendon disease was performed in 30 of the 67 cases. Tarsal tunnel nerves were also evaluated in a control group of 20 consecutive ankle MRIs...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Kenichi Takano, Noriko Ogasawara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Hideki Mutai, Akihiro Sakurai, Aki Ishikawa, Tetsuo Himi
The human noggin (NOG) gene is responsible for a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations of NOG-related symphalangism spectrum disorder (NOG-SSD), which include proximal symphalangism, multiple synostoses, stapes ankylosis with broad thumbs (SABTT), tarsal-carpal coalition syndrome, and brachydactyly type B2. Some of these disorders exhibit phenotypes associated with congenital stapes ankylosis. In the present study, we describe a Japanese pedigree with dactylosymphysis and conductive hearing loss due to congenital stapes ankylosis...
2016: Human Genome Variation
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