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Tarsal coalition

Erin FitzGerald Alaia, Zehava Sadka Rosenberg, Jenny T Bencardino, Gina A Ciavarra, Ignacio Rossi, Catherine N Petchprapa
OBJECTIVE: To assess, utilizing MRI, tarsal tunnel disease in patients with talocalcaneal coalitions. To the best of our knowledge, this has only anecdotally been described before. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-seven ankle MRIs with talocalcaneal coalition were retrospectively reviewed for disease of tendons and nerves of the tarsal tunnel. Interobserver variability in diagnosing tendon disease was performed in 30 of the 67 cases. Tarsal tunnel nerves were also evaluated in a control group of 20 consecutive ankle MRIs...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Kenichi Takano, Noriko Ogasawara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Hideki Mutai, Akihiro Sakurai, Aki Ishikawa, Tetsuo Himi
The human noggin (NOG) gene is responsible for a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations of NOG-related symphalangism spectrum disorder (NOG-SSD), which include proximal symphalangism, multiple synostoses, stapes ankylosis with broad thumbs (SABTT), tarsal-carpal coalition syndrome, and brachydactyly type B2. Some of these disorders exhibit phenotypes associated with congenital stapes ankylosis. In the present study, we describe a Japanese pedigree with dactylosymphysis and conductive hearing loss due to congenital stapes ankylosis...
2016: Human Genome Variation
J Hamel, M Nell, C Rist
INTRODUCTION: There is still a controversial discussion on the treatment of talocalcaneal coalition with and without planovalgus deformity. From 2002-2014 80 cases of talocalcaneal coalition in children and adolescents under 18 years of age were surgically treated by J. Hamel. The objective of this study is a retrospective analysis, especially of unfavourable results. METHODS: Patients with minimum follow up of 12 months were included (35.7 months on average)...
July 12, 2016: Der Orthopäde
Vanna Rocchi, Ming-Tung Huang, James D Bomar, Scott Mubarak
PURPOSE: It has been the observation of the senior author that there is a bony fullness or "double medial malleolus" over the middle facet as a consistent finding with most talocalcaneal coalitions (TCC). To document this observation, we reviewed records and radiographs in 3 patient groups. METHODS: Part 1: retrospective chart review was completed for 111 feet to determine the clinical presence of a palpable "double medial malleolus." Part 2: computed tomography (CT) scans for evaluation of tarsal coalition or symptomatic flatfoot between January 2006 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed for the same cohort...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Diana Popescu, Dan Laptoiu
There has been a lot of hype surrounding the advantages to be gained from rapid prototyping processes in a number of fields, including medicine. Our literature review aims objectively to assess how effective patient-specific surgical guides manufactured using rapid prototyping are in a number of orthopaedic surgical applications. To this end, we carried out a systematic review to identify and analyse clinical and experimental literature studies in which rapid prototyping patient-specific surgical guides are used, focusing especially on those that entail quantifiable outcomes and, at the same time, providing details on the guides' design and type of manufacturing process...
June 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Jaime Rice Denning
Tarsal coalition (a congenital fibrous, cartilaginous, or bony connection between two bones) classically presents with recurrent ankle sprains or with insidious onset of a painful, stiff flatfoot. Flatfoot is a benign finding most of the time, but it is important to distinguish the rigid flatfoot from the flexible flatfoot. A patient with recurrent sprains of the ankle or a stiff flatfoot should be evaluated for a tarsal coalition. The key to making the diagnosis is careful examination for stiffness in the subtalar joint and appropriate imaging studies...
April 2016: Pediatric Annals
Edward J Richer, Barbara K Pawley
Tarsal coalition is relatively frequent, with an estimated prevalence of 1-2%. Coalitions are most commonly talocalcaneal or calcaneonavicular, accounting for 90% of cases. While it is well known that bilateral tarsal coalitions can occur in up to 50% of cases, the presence of multiple coalitions in the same foot is less well described. In this report, we present a case of talocalcaneal and calcaneonavicular coalitions occurring in the same foot and briefly review the relevant literature.
March 2016: Clinical Imaging
James B Carr, Scott Yang, Leigh Ann Lather
Flatfoot (pes planus) is common in infants and children and often resolves by adolescence. Thus, flatfoot is described as physiologic because it is usually flexible, painless, and of no functional consequence. In rare instances, flatfoot can become painful or rigid, which may be a sign of underlying foot pathology, including arthritis or tarsal coalition. Despite its prevalence, there is no standard definition for pediatric flatfoot. Furthermore, there are no large, prospective studies that compare the natural history of idiopathic, flexible flat feet throughout development in response to various treatments...
March 2016: Pediatrics
John Winslow, Ryan Norland, Nathan Storb, Sam Cannella, Deborah King
: Tarsal coalition is a bony or fibrous bridge between 2 tarsal bones. The condition is typically congenital and presents in early to mid-adolescence. Common symptoms include ankle pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion. Conservative treatment of tarsal coalition consists of immobilization, short leg walking cast, steroid injections, physical therapy, ankle braces, and orthotics. When conservative care fails, surgical intervention for tarsal coalition includes excision of the coalition or joint arthrodesis...
February 8, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Raghavendra S Kembhavi, Boblee James
Tarsal coalitions refer to fibrous, cartilaginous or osseous fusion between two tarsal bones. Commonly seen are talocalcaneal coalitions and calcaneonavicular coalitions. Talonavicular, calcaneocuboid and cubonavicular coalition are very uncommonly seen. Talocalcaneal and calcaneonavicular coalitions are generally symptomatic whereas talonavicular coalitions are asymptomatic. Special view radiography, CT and MRI will be helpful in diagnosing coalitions depending on nature of coalitions. In this case report, we present 24-year-old male patient with rare combination of talocalcaneal and talonavicular coalition on ipsilateral side...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Seong Jong Yun, Wook Jin, Gou Young Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Kyung Nam Ryu, Ji Seon Park, So Young Park
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively determine the prevalence and image findings of extraarticular talocalcaneal coalition with os sustentaculum, a type of talocalcaneal coalition that does not appear in current classification systems, in patients with an imaging diagnosis of foot coalition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed using a database query of radiology reports of ankle and foot CT or MRI examinations performed from August 2001 to November 2013...
December 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Amol Saxena, Magali Fournier
Tarsal coalitions are an abnormal union between 2 tarsal bones. They occur most commonly between the calcaneus and talus or the calcaneus and navicular but can also arise from other joints in the foot. Isolated cases of coalitions between the medial cuneiform and navicular are extremely rare, and only a few cases have been reported. Treatment recommendations are, therefore, sparse, and no long-term follow-up data have been reported. We present the case of 2 sisters, each diagnosed with a symptomatic naviculocuneiform coalition...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ayşe Umul
INTRODUCTION: Tarsal coalition is abnormal fusion of two or more tarsal bones and is a common cause of foot pain. There are osseous, cartilaginous and fibrous subtypes. Calcaneonavicular and talocalcaneal coalitions are more frequent. Radiography is the primary diagnostic tool, however CT and MRI are precious examinations for differential diagnosis of osseous /non-osseous coalitions separations. Furthermore, cross-sectional imaging methods indicate the extension and secondary degenerative joint changes...
August 2015: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Jason B Malone, Ellen M Raney
Isolated navicular-medial cuneiform tarsal coalition is a rare condition. Very few case reports exist, with limited treatment recommendations. We present a case of an 11-year-old with bilateral isolated osseous navicular-medial cuneiform tarsal coalition. The patient was treated with bilateral coalition excision and soft tissue interposition, with excellent results at 2 years of follow-up. The current case is unusual in being an osseous coalition rather than the more commonly seen cartilaginous or fibrous condition...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Kathryn Bauer, Vincent S Mosca, Lewis E Zionts
BACKGROUND: Children with flatfeet are frequently referred to pediatric orthopaedic clinics. Most of these patients are asymptomatic and require no treatment. Care must be taken to differentiate patients with flexible flatfeet from those with rigid deformity that may have underlying pathology and have need of treatment. Rigid flatfeet in infants may be attributable to a congenital vertical talus (CVT); whereas those in older children and adolescents may be due to an underlying tarsal coalition...
August 20, 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Rami Reddy Mettu, Satya Kumar Koduru, Harshavardhan Surath, Amarnath Surath
A 35-year-old male presented with pain and swelling of his right foot and ankle. His pain developed gradually and without overt pedal deformity. The radiologic examination revealed complete fusion of all tarsal bones of his right foot. Comparative radiographs of his left foot also showed complete tarsal coalition. Ankle osteoarthritis was diagnosed, and supportive treatment enabled the patient to return to an asymptomatic status and continue the duties of his employment. This case is presented to describe an adult patient with bilateral, massive tarsal coalition who was essentially asymptomatic until degenerative arthritic changes developed in one of his ankles...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Takashi Ishino, Sachio Takeno, Katsuhiro Hirakawa
Human noggin (NOG) gene mutation causes multiple bony disorders showing up as stapes ankylosis with broad thumbs and toes (SABTT), proximal symphalangism (SYM1), multiple synostoses syndrome 1 (SYNS1), tarsal-carpal coalition syndrome (TCC) and brachydactyly type B2 (BDB2). These phenotypes are defined as NOG-related syndromes with the same mutation. Some of these syndromes feature stapes ankylosis as one of the several bony symptoms. Here, we report a Japanese family with conductive hearing loss due to congenital stapes ankylosis...
September 2015: European Journal of Medical Genetics
James F Flynn, Dane K Wukich, Stephen F Conti, Carl T Hasselman, Macalus V Hogan, Alex J Kline
Tarsal coalitions, while relatively uncommon, are typically identified in adult patients during an evaluation for ankle instability, sinus tarsus pain, and/or pes planovalgus. The true incidence of tarsal coalition is unknown with estimates ranging from 1% to 12% of the overall population. The most common area of involvement of the subtalar joint is the middle facet, and heightened awareness should be present in adult patients with limited motion of the subtalar joint. Standard radiographic imaging, to include a Harris heel view, is recommended initially, although computerized tomography scan and MRI are often necessary to confirm the diagnosis...
June 2015: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Vincent S Mosca
Subtalar tarsal coalition is an autosomal dominant developmental maldeformation that affects between 2% and 13% of the population. The most common locations are between the calcaneus and navicular and between the talus and calcaneus. If prolonged attempts at nonoperative management do not relieve the pain, surgery is indicated. The exact surgical technique(s) should be based on the location of the pain, the size and histology of the coalition, the health of the other joints and facets, the degree of foot deformity, and the excursion of the heel cord...
June 2015: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Elie Krief, Linda Ferraz, Benjamin Appy-Fedida, François Deroussen, Marie-Christine Plancq, Louis-Michel Collet, Richard Gouron
Symptomatic tarsal coalitions that begin in early adolescence are usually treated by resection and interposition (fat, muscle, or bone wax) to prevent recurrence. The purpose of the present retrospective study was to describe our operative technique and report our clinical and radiologic outcomes with sterile silicone sheet interposition after resection of painful tarsal coalitions in 4 children (4 feet). The present series included 1 case of talocalcaneal synchondrosis and 3 of synostosis (2 talocalcaneal and 1 cuboid-navicular)...
May 16, 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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