keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"ANKLE"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528482/evertor-muscle-activity-as-a-predictor-for-recurrence-in-idiopathic-clubfoot
#1
Perajit Eamsobhana, Pipat Kongwachirapaitoon, Kamolporn Kaewpornsawan
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is a complex three-dimensional deformity. Although brace compliance after initial correction was previously found to be significantly associated with recurrence in clubfoot, few previous studies have specifically examined evertor muscle function as a factor that contributes to recurrence in children with idiopathic and non-idiopathic clubfoot. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship among brace compliance, evertor muscle grading, and recurrence rate in pediatric clubfoot patients...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528401/cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers-are-associated-with-declining-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetes
#2
Sara J Jenks, Bryan R Conway, Stela McLachlan, Wei Leng Teoh, Rachel M Williamson, David J Webb, Paul Welsh, Naveed Sattar, Mark W J Strachan, Jackie F Price
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated whether biochemical cardiovascular risk factors and/or markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease were associated with the development of reduced renal function in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A cohort of 1066 Scottish men and women aged 60-74 years with type 2 diabetes from the Edinburgh Type 2 Diabetes Study were followed up for a median of 6.7 years. New-onset reduced renal function was defined as two eGFRs <60 ml(-1) min(-1) (1...
May 20, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527700/failure-of-hightibialvarus-osteotomy-for-lateral-tibio-femoral-osteoarthritis-with-10%C3%A2-of-valgus-outcomes-in-19-patients
#3
G Mirouse, A Dubory, F Roubineau, A Poignard, P Hernigou, J Allain, C H Flouzat Lachaniette
BACKGROUND: Osteotomy is a rational approach to slowing knee osteoarthritis progression by modifying loads, thereby avoiding joint replacement in younger individuals. Varus femoral osteotomy is recommended only in patients with more than 10° of valgus. The objective here was to assess outcomes of tibialvarus osteotomy in patients with lateral compartment tibio-femoral osteoarthritis and less than 10° of valgus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-centre retrospective study was conducted in 19 consecutive patients managed by high tibialvarus osteotomy between January 2005 and May 2012...
May 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527386/gait-patterns-of-children-and-adolescents-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#4
Elizabeth Wojciechowski, Amy Sman, Kayla Cornett, Jacqueline Raymond, Kathryn Refshauge, Manoj P Menezes, Joshua Burns
Gait abnormalities reported in childhood Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) include foot-drop, reduced ankle power at push-off and increased knee and hip flexion for swing clearance ('steppage-gait'). The purpose of this study was to describe the gait patterns of 60 children aged 6-17 years with CMT (CMTall) and distinguish differences based on functional weakness using the CMT Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS). Data were captured using Vicon Nexus system and compared to 50 healthy norms. Data were subdivided into three groups denoting increasing severity of dorsiflexion and plantarflexion weakness from the CMTPedS: no difficulty heel or toe walking (CMTND), difficulty heel walking (CMTDH), difficulty toe and heel walking (CMTDTH)...
May 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526782/acute-impact-of-drinking-coffee-on-the-cerebral-and-systemic-vasculature
#5
Takuro Washio, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Shigehiko Ogoh
Previous studies have suggested that the risk of ischemic stroke increases immediately after drinking coffee. Indeed, drinking coffee, that is, caffeine, acutely increases arterial stiffness as well as blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistance. On the other hand, it has been reported that arterial stiffening is associated with elevation in the pulsatility index (PI) of cerebral blood flow (CBF), which increases the risk of brain disease. However, the effect of drinking coffee on the PI of the CBF and its interaction with arterial stiffness remain unknown...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526046/balloon-versus-stenting-in-severe-ischaemia-of-the-leg-3-basil-3-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Benjamin D Hunt, Matthew A Popplewell, Huw Davies, Lewis Meecham, Hugh Jarrett, Gareth Bate, Margaret Grant, Smitaa Patel, Catherine Hewitt, Lazaros Andronis, Jonathan J Deeks, Andrew Bradbury
BACKGROUND: Severe limb ischaemia (SLI) is defined as the presence of rest pain and/or tissue loss secondary to lower extremity atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease. The superficial femoral and popliteal arteries are the most commonly diseased vessels in such patients and are being increasingly treated using endovascular revascularisation techniques. However, it is currently unknown whether drug-eluting stents and drug-coated balloons confer additional clinical benefits over more established techniques using plain balloons and bare metal stents, or whether they represent a cost-effective use of NHS resources...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525667/functional-results-in-periacetabular-osteotomy-is-it-possible-to-obtain-a-normal-gait-after-the-surgery
#7
Aydın Gahramanov, Fatma İnanıcı, Ömür Çağlar, Cemalettin Aksoy, Ahmet Mazhar Tokgözoğlu, Senem Güner, Aysun Baki, Bülent Atilla
INTRODUCTION: Gait analysis is one of the poorly understood dimensions of the functional results obtained after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) due to dysplasia of the hip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spatiotemporal parameters as well as coronal and sagittal plane kinematics and moments were compared among three demographically similar groups of subjects: (i) 23 patients with excellent results according to the Harris Hip Score (HHS) (mean 6.6 years of follow-up); (ii) 12 patients with good and fair results according to the HHS (mean 9...
May 19, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525408/rebound-deformity-after-growth-modulation-in-patients-with-coronal-plane-angular-deformities-about-the-knee-who-gets-it-and-how-much
#8
Lise A Leveille, Ozan Razi, Charles E Johnston
BACKGROUND: With observed success and increased popularity of growth modulation techniques, there has been a trend toward use in progressively younger patients. Younger age at growth modulation increases the likelihood of complete deformity correction and need for implant removal before skeletal maturity introducing the risk of rebound deformity. The purpose of this study was to quantify magnitude and identify risk factors for rebound deformity after growth modulation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing growth modulation with a tension band plate for coronal plane deformity about the knee with subsequent implant removal...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524751/pseudogout-of-the-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-mimicking-infection-after-lumbar-fusion-case-report
#9
Kelly J Bridges, Carli L Bullis, Ajay Wanchu, Khoi D Than
Pseudogout is a form of acute calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease that typically afflicts the elderly. CPPD commonly involves larger joints, such as the knees, wrists, shoulders, and hips, and has been known to involve the spine. The authors report the case of a 66-year-old woman with a recent history of lumbar laminectomy and fusion who presented 5 weeks postprocedure with a clinical and radiographic picture consistent with multilevel skip lesions involving the cervical and thoracic spine, thoracic discitis, and epidural abscess...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523987/six-month-effects-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-an-ankle-foot-orthosis-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Corien Dm Nikamp, Jaap H Buurke, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To study the six-month clinical effects of providing ankle-foot orthoses at different moments (early or delayed) in (sub)acute stroke; this is a follow-up to a published trial. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Unilateral hemiparetic stroke subjects maximal six weeks post-stroke with indication for ankle-foot orthosis use. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned to early (at inclusion; week 1) or delayed provision (eight weeks later; week 9)...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523427/-total-ankle-arthroplasty-with-simultaneous-subtalar-fusion
#11
J Mainzer, P Rippstein
OBJECTIVE: Pain free weight bearing ability with orthograde hindfoot position and preserved tibiotalar motion. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic arthritis of the ankle and subtalar joint, additional subtalar hindfoot malalignment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Absolute: acute infection, noncorrectable ligamentous instability or bony defects, restricted perfusion, diabetic foot syndrome. Relative: inability to comply with postoperative partial weight bearing, only moderate symptoms of subtalar arthritis, smoking, intricate soft tissue situation...
May 18, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523426/-revision-and-complications-after-total-ankle-replacement
#12
EDITORIAL
D C Wirtz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#13
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
May 18, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522299/most-advisable-strategy-in-search-of-asymptomatic-target-organ-damage-in-hypertensive-patients
#14
J Abellán-Huerta, L Prieto-Valiente, L Consuegra-Sánchez, S Montoro-García, A B Salguero-Merino, R Morales-López, J Abellán-Alemán, F Soria-Arcos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic potential of seven examinations in order to define the most suitable strategy for target organ damage (TOD) search in hypertensive patients. METHODS: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study. 153 consecutive treated and essential hypertensive patients were enrolled. Patients with established cardiovascular or chronic renal disease (stage ≥4) were excluded. TOD search was assessed by: glomerular filtration rate (GFR), albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram (ECO), ankle-brachial index (ABI), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and carotid ultrasound (intima media thickness and presence of plaques)...
May 15, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521803/physical-interface-dynamics-alter-how-robotic-exosuits-augment-human-movement-implications-for-optimizing-wearable-assistive-devices
#15
Matthew B Yandell, Brendan T Quinlivan, Dmitry Popov, Conor Walsh, Karl E Zelik
BACKGROUND: Wearable assistive devices have demonstrated the potential to improve mobility outcomes for individuals with disabilities, and to augment healthy human performance; however, these benefits depend on how effectively power is transmitted from the device to the human user. Quantifying and understanding this power transmission is challenging due to complex human-device interface dynamics that occur as biological tissues and physical interface materials deform and displace under load, absorbing and returning power...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521779/total-ankle-arthroplasty-versus-ankle-arthrodesis-a-comparison-of-outcomes-over-the-last-decade
#16
REVIEW
Cort D Lawton, Bennet A Butler, Robert G Dekker, Adam Prescott, Anish R Kadakia
BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment of end-stage tibiotalar arthritis continues to be a controversial topic. Advances in surgical technique and implant design have lead to improved outcomes after both ankle arthrodesis (AA) and total ankle arthroplasty (TAA), yet a clear consensus regarding the most ideal form of treatment is lacking. In this study, the outcomes and complications following AA and TAA are compared in order to improve our understanding and decision-making for care and treatment of symptomatic tibiotalar arthritis...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521518/3d-characterisation-of-the-dynamics-of-foot-joints-of-adults-during-walking-gait-pattern-identification
#17
E Sanchis-Sales, J L Sancho-Bru, A Roda-Sales, J Pascual-Huerta
A detailed description of the kinematics and kinetics of the ankle, midtarsal and metatarsophalangeal joints of the feet of a healthy adult male population during barefoot walking is provided. Plots of the angles and moments in each plane during the stance phase are reported, along with the mean and standard deviation values of 87 different parameters that characterise the 3D dynamics of the foot joints. These parameters were used to check for similarities between subjects through a hierarchical analysis that allowed three different gait patterns to be identified, most of the differences corresponding to the frontal and transverse planes...
May 19, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520679/knee-recurvatum-in-children-with-spastic-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#18
Jeremy Bauer, K Patrick Do, Jing Feng, Rosemary Pierce, Michael Aiona
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine which factors drive patients with diplegic cerebral palsy to walk without knee recurvatum despite hyperextension of the knee on physical examination. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all data collected in the Gait Analysis Laboratory between 1999 and 2014. Patients with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy and at least 5 degrees of knee extension on clinical examination were identified for the study...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515970/two-dimensional-video-analysis-is-comparable-to-3d-motion-capture-in-lower-extremity-movement-assessment
#19
Stacy A Schurr, Ashley N Marshall, Jacob E Resch, Susan A Saliba
BACKGROUND: Although 3D motion capture is considered the "gold standard" for recording and analyzing kinematics, 2D video analysis may be a more reasonable, inexpensive, and portable option for kinematic assessment during pre-participation screenings. Few studies have compared quantitative measurements of lower extremity functional tasks between 2D and 3D. PURPOSE: To compare kinematic measurements of the trunk and lower extremity in the frontal and sagittal planes between 2D video camera and 3D motion capture analyses obtained concurrently during a SLS...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515749/thromboembolic-complications-after-an-ankle-joint-open-fracture-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-the-lower-limbs
#20
Tomasz Stankowski, Sleiman Sebastian Aboul-Hassan, Piotr Stępiński, Anna Szymańska, Jakub Marczak, Romuald Cichoń
A 55-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Orthopedics due to an open fracture in the right ankle joint. On the seventh day of hospitalization the patient experienced a transient ischemic attack. During the next day, dyspnea, chest pain and a 'rider' type pulmonary embolism in the pulmonary trunk occluding both pulmonary arteries and its branches were diagnosed. The patient was transferred to the Department of Cardiac Surgery. He underwent pulmonary embolectomy for massive pulmonary, right and left atrial embolism, and left ventricular embolism...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
24304
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"