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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040289/sole-vibration-improves-locomotion-through-the-recovery-of-joint-movements-in-a-mouse-cast-model
#1
Atsushi Doi, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Yu-Shin Nakano, Juntaro Sakasaki, Syota Kasae, Keisuke Nishimura, Min-Chul Shin, Megumu Yoshimura
We investigated the effects of a vibratory stimulus on the plantar surface of the hind limb for motor, sensory, and locomotive function using a mouse cast model. The right knee joint of C57BL/6 male mice (7 weeks, 20 g, n = 31) was flexed with aluminum splint and tape for 6 weeks. These mice were randomly divided into 2 groups (control group, n = 11 and vibration group, n = 12). The mice in the vibration group received vibration on the sole of the ankle for 15 minutes per day, 5 days per week. After the knee joint cast was removed, we measured the range of motion (ROM) of both knee and ankle joints and the sensory threshold of the sole...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#2
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#3
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035983/injury-pattern-in-icelandic-elite-male-handball-players
#4
Elis Thor Rafnsson, Örnólfur Valdimarsson, Thorarinn Sveinsson, Árni Árnason
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence, type, location, and severity of injuries in Icelandic elite male handball players and compare across factors like physical characteristics and playing position. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The latter part of the preseason and the competitive season of Icelandic male handball. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven handball teams (185 players) from the 2 highest divisions in Iceland participated in the study...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035979/effect-of-a-commercially-available-footwear-insole-on-biomechanical-variables-associated-with-common-running-injuries
#5
Ryan T Lewinson, Darren J Stefanyshyn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Dr. Scholl's Active Series (DSAS) footwear insoles alter biomechanical variables associated with running injuries. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled experiment. SETTING: Sport medicine and biomechanics gait analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen healthy adults. INTERVENTIONS: The control condition was the participant's own athletic footwear. The experimental condition was the participant's own athletic footwear plus a DSAS insole...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035609/single-surgeon-experience-and-complications-of-a-fixed-bearing-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#7
Garett J Pangrazzi, Erin A Baker, Phillip J Shaheen, Chikezie N Okeagu, Paul T Fortin
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) has historically resulted in inferior survivorship rates compared with total hip and knee arthroplasty, because of technical issues unique to ankle anatomy. In this study, a single-surgeon series of intra- and postoperative complications as well as resultant reoperations/revisions of the Tornier Salto Talaris, a fixed-bearing TAA prosthesis, were reviewed. METHODS: Medical records from index procedure to latest follow-up of primary TAA were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035584/hybrid-fixation-for-ankle-fusion-in-diabetic-charcot-arthropathy
#8
Hani El-Mowafi, Mazen Abulsaad, Yasser Kandil, Ahmed El-Hawary, Samer Ali
BACKGROUND: Ankle fusion is difficult to achieve in the diabetic Charcot ankle Brodsky type 3a because of the poor quality of the bone and the inability to achieve a stable biomechanical construct. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of ankle fusion using a combination of an intramedullary nail and a circular external fixator in patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy. METHODS: We prospectively studied 24 patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy of the ankle who were treated by fusion of the tibiotalar joint using a combined retrograde intramedullary nail and Ilizarov external fixator...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035582/video-feedback-and-2-dimensional-landing-kinematics-in-elite-female-handball-players
#9
Anne Benjaminse, Wytze Postma, Ina Janssen, Egbert Otten
CONTEXT: In team handball, an anterior cruciate ligament injury often occurs during landing after a jump shot. Many intervention programs try to reduce the injury rate by instructing athletes to land more safely. Video is an effective way to provide feedback, but little is known about its influence on landing technique in sport-specific situations. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a video-overlay feedback method on landing technique in elite handball players...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034742/comparison-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-generalized-ligamentous-laxity-and-without-generalized-laxity-in-the-arthroscopic-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-operation-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#10
Eui Dong Yeo, Ji Young Park, Jin Hyeung Kim, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: The arthroscopic modified Broström operation (MBO) has been frequently used to treat chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). However, no reports comparing the clinical outcomes between patients with or without generalized ligamentous laxity (laxity or no laxity, respectively) currently exist. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the 2 groups with CLAI. METHODS: Between January 2013 and November 2015, arthroscopic MBO was performed on 99 patients with CLAI...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034479/scaling-of-the-ankle-extensor-muscle-tendon-units-and-the-biomechanical-implications-for-bipedal-hopping-locomotion-in-the-post-pouch-kangaroo-macropus-fuliginosus
#11
Edward P Snelling, Andrew A Biewener, Qiaohui Hu, David A Taggart, Andrea Fuller, Duncan Mitchell, Shane K Maloney, Roger S Seymour
Bipedal hopping is used by macropods, including rat-kangaroos, wallabies and kangaroos (superfamily Macropodoidea). Interspecific scaling of the ankle extensor muscle-tendon units in the lower hindlimbs of these hopping bipeds shows that peak tendon stress increases disproportionately with body size. Consequently, large kangaroos store and recover more strain energy in their tendons, making hopping more efficient, but their tendons are at greater risk of rupture. This is the first intraspecific scaling analysis on the functional morphology of the ankle extensor muscle-tendon units (gastrocnemius, plantaris and flexor digitorum longus) in one of the largest extant species of hopping mammal, the western grey kangaroo Macropus fuliginosus (5...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032913/extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-plus-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-might-reduce-pain-and-improve-function-but-still-not-lead-to-increased-activity-a-case-series-study-with-multiple-outcome-measures
#12
Patrick C Wheeler, Chloe Tattersall
Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of plantar-aspect heel pain. Although many patients will improve, a proportion will have ongoing and sometimes debilitating symptoms. Evidence from randomized controlled trials has shown that extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) results in benefits in treating pain. However, uncertainties remain whether these benefits translate to improvements in overall function. The present prospective case series examined the results from 35 patients with chronic plantar fasciitis who had undergone a course of ESWT in addition to a graded rehabilitation program...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032485/endoscopic-plantar-fascia-release-via-a-suprafascial-approach-is-effective-for-intractable-plantar-fasciitis
#13
Wataru Miyamoto, Youichi Yasui, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
PURPOSE: To evaluate the medium-term clinical results of endoscopic plantar fascia release (EPFR) using a suprafascial approach for recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Twenty-four feet of twenty-three patients who underwent EPFR using a suprafascial approach were followed up for more than 2 years using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score. The AOFAS score at final follow-up was compared between patients who participated in athletic activity (group A) and those who were sedentary (group S) and between those with and those without calcaneal spur (group with CS and group without CS, respectively)...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032364/gymnastics-injury-incidence-during-the-2008-2012-and-2016-olympic-games-analysis-of-prospectively-collected-surveillance-data-from-963-registered-gymnasts-during-olympic-games
#14
Pascal Edouard, Kathrin Steffen, Astrid Junge, Michel Leglise, Torbjørn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries in female and male gymnastics disciplines (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline) during three Olympic Games with a view to ultimately improving injury prevention. METHODS: The National Olympic Committee's head physicians and the medical teams of the Local Organising Committee of the Olympic Games reported daily the occurrence (or non-occurrence) of newly sustained injuries in artistic, rhythmic and trampoline gymnastics on a standardised report form during the 2008, 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympic Games...
October 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031136/increased-sensory-noise-and-not-muscle-weakness-explains-changes-in-non-stepping-postural-responses-following-stance-perturbations-in-healthy-elderly
#15
Maarten Afschrift, Friedl De Groote, Sabine Verschueren, Ilse Jonkers
The response to stance perturbations changes with age. The shift from an ankle to a hip strategy with increasing perturbation magnitude occurs at lower accelerations in older than in young adults. This strategy shift has been related to age-related changes in muscle and sensory function. However, the effect of isolated changes in muscle or sensory function on the responses following stance perturbations cannot be determined experimentally since changes in muscle and sensory function occur simultaneously. Therefore, we used predictive simulations to estimate the effect of isolated changes in (rates of change in) maximal joint torques, functional base of support, and sensory noise on the response to backward platform translations...
October 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031012/the-role-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-bmi-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-ankle-fractures
#16
Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Domenico Lupariello, Teresa Venditto, Matteo Guzzini, Antonio Ponzo, Angelo De Carli, Andrea Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation is the standard treatment for displaced ankle fractures. However, the presence of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus and BMI is associated with poor bone quality, and these factors may predict the development of postoperative complications. The study aim was to assess the role of diabetes mellitus and BMI in wound healing in patients younger than 65 years who were surgically treated for malleoli fractures. METHODS: Ninety patients, aged from 18 to 65 years old, with surgically treated ankle fracture, were retrospectively enrolled...
October 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028122/atypical-alk-positive-spitz-tumors-with-9p21-homozygous-deletion-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Andrew J Rand, Wendy L Flejter, Christopher A Dowling, Linda M Brooke, Genevieve M Boland, Daniela Kroshinsky, Isaac R Rosenblum, Marier Hernandez-Perez, Julie D R Reimann
ALK rearrangements occur in up to 10% of spitzoid melanocytic neoplasms. No reported cases have shown homozygous deletion of 9p21 (CDKN2A) or gains of 6p25 (RREB1) or 11q13 (CCND1), which have been associated with aggressive clinical behavior. Here we report two unique cases. Case 1 occurred in a 9-year-old male with a 14-mm nodule on the anterior left thigh. Biopsy revealed an ALK-positive Spitz tumor containing an irregular nodule of densely packed melanocytes with increased mitoses and loss of p16 immunoreactivity...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027771/two-different-placement-paths-in-popliteal-fossa-with-a-novel-nerve-block-needle-with-external-indwelling-cannula-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Miao He, Dandan Ling, Guang-Yu Cai, Tian-Xiao Zou, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented that single injection nearby the sciatic nerve bifurcation would influence the anesthesia and analgesia effect. But this is uncertain for preoperative continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block. So we conducted this trial to compare two paths (proximal to the bifurcation and at the bifurcation) of ultrasound guided continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block in foot and ankle surgery. METHODS: 40 recruited objects were randomly assigned to receive ultrasound-guided continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block at the puncture path proximal to the nerve bifurcation either at the nerve bifurcation...
October 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026939/-minimally-invasive-osteosynthesis-after-ankle-fractures-in-geriatric-patients-surgical-technique-with-the-aid-of-headless-full-thread-screws
#19
REVIEW
Bernhard Karich, Kajetan Klos, Paul Simons, Thomas Mückley, Thorsten Randt, Matthias Knobe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026933/measurement-properties-of-the-most-commonly-used-foot-and-ankle-specific-questionnaires-the-ffi-faos-and-faam-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
I N Sierevelt, R Zwiers, W Schats, D Haverkamp, C B Terwee, P A Nolte, G M M J Kerkhoffs
PURPOSE: In the foot and ankle literature, a wide range of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) is used, however, consensus as to which PROMs are preferred is lacking. Selection of a PROM is among other reasons, often based on measurement properties without considering the methodological quality of the studies that evaluate these measurement properties. The aim of current study was first to identify the most frequently used foot and ankle-specific PROMs in recent orthopaedic foot and ankle literature, and second to conduct a systematic review to synthesize and critically appraise the measurement properties of these PROMS...
October 12, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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