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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457936/prevalence-structure-and-distribution-of-novel-parasite-cysts-containing-dracunculus-species-in-river-otters-lontra-canadensis-from-arkansas
#1
Renn Tumlison, Allison Surf
Adult female Guinea worms (Dracunculus spp.) usually are reported to occur singly in the extremities of their hosts, from which they deliver their larvae through fistulae in the host's skin into the water. We visually examined for presence of worms in the fascia of the limbs of skinned carcasses of 184 river otters (Lontra canadensis) harvested in Arkansas, and report observations of cysts on wrists and ankles found on 12 otters. Cysts averaged 15.6 X 24.6 mm in size, were round to oval, and contained masses of up to 19 adult female Dracunculus sp...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457707/peripheral-neurostimulation-breaks-the-shuffling-steps-patterns-in-parkinsonian-gait-a-double-blind-randomized-longitudinal-study-with-automated-mechanical-peripheral-stimulation
#2
Manuela Galli, Caterina Vicidomini, Ana F Rozin Kleiner, Laura Vacca, Veronica Cimolin, Claudia Condoluci, Fabrizio Stocchi, Maria F DE Pandis
BACKGROUND: The shuffling steps pattern is a typical feature of gait in patients affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), which progressively reduces their quality of life, being related to the risk of falls in this population. Recently, Automated Mechanical Peripheral Stimulation (AMPS) was presented as an integrative rehabilitative treatment based on peripheral stimulation able to improve the gait spatiotemporal parameters in PD patients. AIM: To evaluate the effects of AMPS on shuffling steps pattern by analyzing the kinematic and spatio-temporal gait parameters...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457483/sensitivity-of-the-saline-load-test-for-traumatic-arthrotomy-of-the-ankle-with-ankle-arthroscopy-simulation
#3
Daniel D Bohl, Rachel M Frank, Simon Lee, Kamran S Hamid, George B Holmes, Johnny Lin, Simon Lee
BACKGROUND: The saline load test has been used to evaluate for traumatic arthrotomy in orthopaedics. The purpose of this study was to determine the volume of saline required to detect traumatic arthrotomy of the ankle. METHODS: Forty-two patients undergoing elective ankle arthroscopy were prospectively enrolled. For each patient, a standard 4-mm anteromedial portal was established. Next, an 18-gauge needle was inserted at the site of the anterolateral portal. Sterile saline was slowly injected through the needle until saline extravasated from the anteromedial portal...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457424/-progress-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-proximal-tibiofibular-joint-dislocation
#4
REVIEW
Bin Yuan, Bao-Jian Ge, Bai-Yi Meng
Dislocation of proximal tibiofibular joint(PTFJ) is relatively infrequent in clinic, it can be either isolated or associated with tibia fracture, fibular fracture and ankle injury and so on. Chronic symptomatic PTFJ instability are easily mixed with meniscal tears. It was easily neglected because of the mild clinical presentation and atypical change on radiography. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent chronic knee pain and instability. The paper concluded the anatomy, classification, complication, diagnosis, treatment, clinical effect and insufficient of the dislocation of PTFJ, to direct the diagnosis and treatment of proximal tibiofibular joint dislocation in clinical work...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457399/-osseous-bridge-resection-for-the-treatment-of-adult-talocalaneal-coalitions-without-arthritis
#5
Bing Xie, Shuo Yan, Hao Zhang, Yuan-Wei Wang, Jing Tian
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical outcomes of osseous-bridge resection for the treatment of adult symptomatic talocalcaneal coalitions without arthritis. METHODS: The clinical data of 12 patients (15 feet) with symptomatic talocalcaneal coalitions without arthtitis from January 2013 to June 2016 were respectively analyzed. All cases were secondary talocalcaneal coalition. There were 9 males (11 feet) and 3 females (4 feet) with a mean (26.6±3.3) years old (ranged, 18 to 33 years old)...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457299/t1%C3%AF-mapping-of-articular-cartilage-grafts-after-autologous-osteochondral-transplantation-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-longitudinal-evaluation
#6
Naoki Haraguchi, Koki Ota, Naoki Nishida, Takuma Ozeki, Takashige Yoshida, Atsushi Tsutaya
BACKGROUND: Clinical results of autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus have been mixed. T1ρ imaging can be used to noninvasively detect early cartilage degeneration. PURPOSE OR HYPOTHESIS: To quantitatively assess, by means of T1ρ imaging, changes over time in the biochemical health of grafted cartilage after AOT for osteochondral lesions of the talus. STUDY TYPE: Retrosepctive case series...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456346/the-effects-of-posterior-talar-glide-and-dorsiflexion-of-the-ankle-plus-mobilization-with-movement-on-balance-and-gait-function-in-patient-with-chronic-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Sang-Lim Kim, Byoung-Hee Lee
Background: This study was to evaluate the effects of weight-bearing-based mobilization with movement (WBBMWM) on balance and gait in stroke patients. Methods: Thirty stroke patients participated in this study. All individuals were randomly assigned to either WBMWM group ( n = 15) or weight-bearing with placebo mobilization with movement group (control, n = 15). Individuals in the WBMWM group were trained for 10 glides of 5 sets a day, 5 times a week during 4 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456169/kinematics-of-lower-limbs-during-walking-are-emulated-by-springy-walking-model-with-a-compliantly-connected-off-centered-curvy-foot
#8
Hyerim Lim, Sukyung Park
The dynamics of the center of mass (CoM) during walking and running at various gait conditions are well described by the mechanics of a simple passive spring loaded inverted pendulum (SLIP). Due to its simplicity, however, the current form of the SLIP model is limited at providing any further information about multi-segmental lower limbs that generate oscillatory CoM behaviors and their corresponding ground reaction forces. Considering that the dynamics of the CoM are simply achieved by mass-spring mechanics, we wondered whether any of the multi-joint motions could be demonstrated by simple mechanics...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456077/talus-fracture-of-the-medial-tubercle-of-the-posterior-process-interposition-of-the-flexor-hallucis-longus-tendon
#9
Jin Park, Jin Ho Che
Talus fracture of the medial tubercle of the posterior process is rare. This type of fracture can be easily missed, because it is difficult to identify on plain radiographs of the ankle. Oblique radiographs with external rotation, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the ankle are useful for making an accurate diagnosis. However, even with an early diagnosis, the treatment guidelines for talus fractures of the posterior medial tubercle have not yet been established. The flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon, which passes through the groove between the medial and lateral tubercles of the posterior process of the talus, can interpose between the fracture sites and interrupt fracture reduction...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456065/endoscopy-assisted-hallux-valgus-correction-provides-sustainable-long-term-10-year-outcomes
#10
Samuel K K Ling, Tun Hing Lui
PURPOSE: This study aims to review the long-term efficacy of the endoscopy-assisted distal soft-tissue procedure (EDSTP) and to see whether operative correction can be maintained for >10 years. METHODS: All hallux valgus cases undergoing EDSTP from 2000 to 2006 were recruited. Preoperative, postoperative, and 10-year follow-up x-rays were analyzed. A pain score from the preoperative and >10-year follow-up was recorded. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux score and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) were measured at the >10-year follow-up...
February 15, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455631/periosteal-flap-augmentation-of-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-gould-procedure-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#11
Chee Ping Chew, Kevin Oon Thien Koo, Denny Tjiauw Tjoen Lie
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lateral ankle instability occurs in up to 20% of ankle injuries. Most can be treated conservatively, but surgical reconstruction is required if conservative treatment fails. Modified Broström-Gould procedure is an effective surgical treatment and the augmentation of this procedure with a periosteal flap may confer additional stability. We report on the outcome of a technique combining a modified Broström-Gould procedure augmented with a periosteal flap in patients with chronic lateral ankle instability...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455511/-treatment-of-gouty-arthritis-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-by-masquelet-technique
#12
Cheng-Lin Wang, Jun-Zhong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical curative effects of a Masquelet technology in the treatment of gouty arthritis in the first metatarsophalangeal joint. METHODS: From February 2012 to May 2016, 7 patients with the gouth arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint were treated by the Masqueket technology. There were 5 males and 2 females, ranging in age from 42 to 58 years old, with an average age of 50 years old. During the regular follow up, the bone healing was assessed by the radiographic imaging, and the orthopaedic foot and ankle Association (AOFAS) ankle function scoring system was used for comprehensive evaluation...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455509/-treatment-of-sanders-ii-calcaneus-fractures-via-minimally-invasive-sinus-tarsi-approach
#13
Xue-Xun Bao, Chen-Jie Xia, Bi-Yun Zhao, De-Jun Shi, Guan-Hua Lan, Guo-Lin Ren, Zu-Hong Xie, Wen-Xi Du
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and clinical efficacy of a minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach in the treatment of Sanders II calcaneus fractures. METHODS: From August of 2015 to July of 2016, 13 patients(totally 13 feet) with Sanders II intra-articular calcaneus fractures were treated via the minimally invasive sinus tarsi approach. The Böhler angle, Gissane angle and the length, width and height of calcaneus were compared between pre-operation and post-operation...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455508/-clinical-effects-of-arthroscopic-microfracture-on-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#14
Min Wei, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of arthroscopic microfracture on osteochondral lesions of the talus. METHODS: Total 42 patients with osteochondral lesions of the talus, who were collected in our department from January 2011 to December 2013. The patients were 35.9 years old on average, including 28 males and 14 females. There were 34 patients who had injury histories. The debridement and microfracture were performed under arthroscopy. The function of ankle was assessed according to AOFAS Ankle Hindfoot Scale...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454546/corrigendum-to-manual-calf-massage-and-passive-ankle-motion-reduce-the-incidence-of-deep-vein-thromboembolism-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-j-orthop-sci-22-2017-726-730
#15
Norio Imai, Tomoyuki Ito, Ken Suda, Dai Miyasaka, Naoto Endo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453992/serum-cystatin-c-level-is-associated-with-carotid-arterial-wall-elasticity-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-potential-marker-of-early-stage-atherosclerosis
#16
Rei Kaneko, Shojiro Sawada, Ai Tokita, Rieko Honkura, Noriko Tumura, Shinjiro Kodama, Tomohito Izumi, Kei Takahashi, Kenji Uno, Junta Imai, Tetsuya Yamada, Yukiya Miyachi, Hideyuki Hasegawa, Hiroshi Kanai, Yasushi Ishgaki, Hideki Katagiri
AIMS: Detection of early-stage atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients is important for preventing cardiovascular disease. A phased tracking method for evaluating arterial wall elasticity sensitively detects early-stage atherosclerosis. However, biochemical markers for early-stage atherosclerosis have yet to be established. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 180 T2DM patients, who were classified as not having atherosclerosis according to the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) criteria...
February 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453583/reconstruction-for-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-comparison-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-fhl-transfer-versus-v-y-advancement
#17
Jackson R Staggers, Kenneth Smith, Cesar de C Netto, Sameer Naranje, Krishna Prasad, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: Several operative techniques exist for Achilles tendinopathy. The purpose of our study was to compare the clinical and functional outcomes of flexor hallucis longus (FHL) transfer and V-Y advancement for the treatment of chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy. METHODS: Retrospective chart review from 2010 to 2016 of patients that underwent FHL transfer or V-Y advancement for chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy. Outcome measures were compared for these two procedures...
February 16, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452575/a-machine-learning-approach-to-detect-changes-in-gait-parameters-following-a-fatiguing-occupational-task
#18
Amir Baghdadi, Fadel M Megahed, Ehsan T Esfahani, Lora A Cavuoto
The purpose of this study is to provide a method for classifying non-fatigued versus fatigued states following manual material handling. A method of template matching pattern recognition for feature extraction (1$ Recognizer) along with the support vector machine (SVM) model for classification were applied on the kinematics of gait cycles segmented by our stepwise search-based segmentation algorithm. A single inertial measurement unit (IMU) on the ankle was used, providing a minimally intrusive and inexpensive tool for monitoring...
February 16, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451935/economic-analysis-of-anatomic-plating-versus-tubular-plating-for-the-treatment-of-fibula-fractures
#19
Gerard Chang, Suneel B Bhat, Steven M Raikin, Justin M Kane, Andrew Kay, Jamal Ahmad, David I Pedowitz, James Krieg
Ankle fractures are among the most common injuries requiring operative management. Implant choices include one-third tubular plates and anatomically precontoured plates. Although cadaveric studies have not revealed biomechanical differences between various plate constructs, there are substantial cost differences. This study sought to characterize the economic implications of implant choice. A retrospective review was undertaken of 201 consecutive patients with operatively treated OTA type 44B and 44C ankles...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451922/identifying-classifier-input-signals-to-predict-a-cross-slope-during-transtibial-amputee-walking
#20
Courtney E Shell, Glenn K Klute, Richard R Neptune
Advanced prosthetic foot designs often incorporate mechanisms that adapt to terrain changes in real-time to improve mobility. Early identification of terrain (e.g., cross-slopes) is critical to appropriate adaptation. This study suggests that a simple classifier based on linear discriminant analysis can accurately predict a cross-slope encountered (0°, -15°, 15°) using measurements from the residual limb, primarily from the prosthesis itself. The classifier was trained and tested offline using motion capture and in-pylon sensor data collected during walking trials in mid-swing and early stance...
2018: PloS One
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