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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444240/non-specific-effects-of-oral-polio-vaccine-on-diarrheal-burden-and-etiology-among-bangladeshi-infants
#1
Alexander Upfill-Brown, Mami Taniuchi, James A Platts-Mills, Beth Kirkpatrick, Stacey L Burgess, M Steven Oberste, William Weldon, Eric Houpt, Rashidul Haque, K Zaman, William A Petri
Background: As the global polio eradication initiative prepares to cease use of oral polio vaccine (OPV) in 2020, there is increasing interest in understanding if oral vaccination provides non-specific immunity to other infections so that the consequences of this transition can be effectively planned for and mitigated. Methods: Data was collected from infants in an urban slum in Bangladesh (Mirpur, Dhaka) as part of the PROVIDE study. Following vaccination with tOPV at 6,10, and 14 weeks, infants were randomly assigned to receive tOPV (n=315) or IPV (n=299) at 39 weeks...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441747/associations-between-diet-and-toenail-arsenic-concentration-among-pregnant-women-in-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#2
Pi-I D Lin, Sabri Bromage, Md Golam Mostofa, Joseph Allen, Emily Oken, Molly L Kile, David C Christiani
This prospective study evaluated the relationship between long-term dietary habits and total arsenic (As) concentration in toenail clippings in a cohort of 1616 pregnant women in the Bangladeshi administrative regions of Sirajdikhan and Pabna Sadar. Diet was assessed at Gestation Week 28 and at Postpartum Month 1, using a locally-validated dish-based semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Toenail As concentration was analyzed by microwave-assisted acid digestion and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441573/the-role-of-negative-affect-and-message-credibility-in-perceived-effectiveness-of-smokeless-tobacco-health-warning-labels-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#3
Seema Mutti-Packer, Jessica L Reid, James F Thrasher, Daniel Romer, Geoffrey T Fong, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Nigar Nargis, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence showing that pictorial health warnings are more effective than text-only warnings. However, much of this evidence comes from high-income countries and is limited to cigarette packaging. Moreover, few studies have identified mechanisms that might explain the impact of warnings. METHODS: The current study examined the potential mediating role of negative affect and the moderating influence of message credibility in perceived effectiveness of smokeless tobacco warnings in two low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439298/multi-drug-resistant-pathogenic-bacteria-in-the-gut-of-young-children-in-bangladesh
#4
Shirajum Monira, Syeda Antara Shabnam, Sk Imran Ali, Abdus Sadique, Fatema-Tuz Johura, Kazi Zillur Rahman, Nur Haque Alam, Haruo Watanabe, Munirul Alam
BACKGROUND: The gut of human harbors diverse commensal microbiota performing an array of beneficial role for the hosts. In the present study, the major commensal gut bacteria isolated by culturing methods from 15 children of moderate income families, aged between 10 and 24 months, were studied for their response to different antibiotics, and the molecular basis of drug resistance. RESULTS: Of 122 bacterial colonies primarily selected from Luria-Bertani agar, bacterial genera confirmed by analytical profile index (API) 20E(®) system included Escherichia as the predominant (52%) organism, followed by Enterobacter (16%), Pseudomonas (12%), Klebsiella (6%), Pantoea (6%), Vibrio (3%), and Citrobacter (3%); while Aeromonas and Raoultella were identified as the infrequently occurring genera...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436716/skin-score-correlates-with-global-dna-methylation-and-gsto1-a140d-polymorphism-in-arsenic-affected-population-of-eastern-india
#5
Moumita Majumder, Uma B DasGupta, D N Guha Mazumder, Nilansu Das
Arsenic is a potent environmental toxicant causing serious public health concerns in India, Bangladesh and other parts of the world. Gene and promoter specific hypermethylation has been reported in different arsenic exposed cell lines, whereas whole genome DNA methylation study suggested genomic hypo and hypermethylation after arsenic exposure in in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Along with other characteristic biomarkers, arsenic toxicity leads to typical skin lesions. The present study demonstrates significant correlation between severities of skin manifestations with their whole genome DNA methylation status as well as with a particular polymorphism (Ala 140 Asp) status in arsenic metabolizing enzyme Glutathione S-transferase Omega-1 (GSTO1) in arsenic exposed population of the district of Nadia, West Bengal, India...
April 24, 2017: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435242/burden-of-asthma-dyspnea-and-chronic-cough-in-south-asia
#6
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough are well-established risk factors of COPD and often associated with exacerbation of the disease, which is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in South Asian countries. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to, 1) measure the prevalence of asthma, dyspnea, and chronic cough, and 2) assess the relationship between these respiratory problems and self-reported health status among South Asians. METHODS: Data for this research came from the World Health Survey (2002-2003) conducted by the World Health Organization...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434246/sociodemographic-determinants-of-low-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-bangladeshi-adults-results-from-who-steps-survey-2010
#7
Md Nazmul Karim, M Mostafa Zaman, Md Mujibur Rahman, M A Jalil Chowdhury, H A M Nazmul Ahsan, Md Mahtabuddin Hassan, Syed Rezaul Karim, Md Zakir Hossain, Baki Billah
This study aimed to investigate factors affecting fruit and vegetables (FAVs) intake among Bangladeshi adults. Dietary data of 9275 adults from the Bangladesh Noncommunicable Disease Risk Factor Survey 2010 were analyzed. The mean age of the respondents was 42.4 (±13.5) years. Multistage cluster sampling was applied to identify samples. Demographics, personal habits, physical activity, diet, and anthropometric data were collected using the WHO-STEPs questionnaire. Average daily intake of <5 servings of FAVs combined was considered to be low FAV consumption, and its prevalence was 82...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433694/bacteroidales-markers-for-microbial-source-tracking-in-southeast-asia
#8
Jean Pierre Nshimyimana, Mercedes C Cruz, R Janelle Thompson, Stefan Wuertz
The island city country of Singapore served as a model to validate the use of host-associated Bacteroidales 16S rRNA gene marker assays for identifying sources of fecal pollution in the urban tropical environment of Southeast Asia. A total of 295 samples were collected from sewage, humans, domesticated animals (cats, dogs, rabbits and chicken), and wild animals (birds, monkeys and wild boars). Samples were analyzed by real time PCR using five human-associated assays (HF183-SYBR Green, HF183, BacHum, BacH and B...
April 10, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430753/impact-of-chlorhexidine-cord-cleansing-on-mortality-omphalitis-and-cord-separation-time-among-facility-born-babies-in-nepal-and-bangladesh
#9
Luke C Mullany, Shams El Arifeen, Subarna K Khatry, Joanne Katz, Rashed Shah, Abdullah H Baqui, James M Tielsch
Guidance is needed regarding potential extension of the WHO recommendation for cord cleansing with chlorhexidine to babies born in facilities. Among 3,223 facility-born babies from Nepal and Bangladesh, mortality was approximately halved among those allocated to the intervention clusters (10.5/1000 vs. 19.4/1000, RR=0.54; 95% CI: 0.30 - 0.97). In high-mortality settings, a single policy for home and facility births is warranted.
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423799/global-ehealth-social-business-and-citizen-engagement
#10
Siaw-Teng Liaw, Mahfuz Ashraf, Pradeep Ray
The UNSW WHO Collaborating Centre (WHOCC) in eHealth was established in 2013. Its designated activities are: mHealth and evidence-based evaluation, including use case analyses. The UNSW Yunus Social Business Health Hub (YSBHH), established in 2015 to build on the Yunus Centre/Grameen Bank eHealth initiatives, added social business and community participation dimensions to the UNSW global eHealth program. The Grameen Bank is a social business built around microcredit, which are small loans to poor people to enable them to "produce something, sell something, earn something to develop self-reliance and a life of dignity"...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421748/potential-contribution-of-fish-feed-and-phytoplankton-to-the-content-of-volatile-terpenes-in-cultured-pangasius-pangasianodon-hypophthalmus-and-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#11
Raju Podduturi, Mikael A Petersen, Sultan Mahmud, Md Mizanur Rahman, Niels O G Jørgensen
Geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol are the most recognized off-flavors in freshwater fish, but terpenes may also contribute off-flavor in fish. We identified six monoterpenes, 11 sesquiterpenes, and three terpene-related compounds in pangasius and tilapia from aquaculture farms in Bangladesh. The concentrations of most of the volatiles were below published odor thresholds, except for α-pinene, limonene, β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, and β-ionone in tilapia, and limonene and β-ionone in pangasius. To identify sources of the terpenes, terpene profiles of fish feed and phytoplankton in the ponds were analyzed...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421527/spatio-temporal-assessment-and-trend-analysis-of-surface-water-salinity-in-the-coastal-region-of-bangladesh
#12
Mashura Shammi, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Atikul Islam, Md Bodrud-Doza, Anwar Zahid, Yeasmin Akter, Samia Quaiyum, Masaaki Kurasaki
The study was designed to collect water samples over two seasons-wet-monsoon season (n = 96) (March-April) and dry-monsoon season (n = 44) (September-October)-to understand the seasonal variation in anion and cation hydrochemistry of the coastal rivers and estuaries contributing in the spatial trend in salinity. Hydrochemical examination of wet-monsoon season primarily revealed Ca-Mg-HCO3 type (66%) and followed by Na-Cl type (17.70%) water. In the dry-monsoon season, the scenario reversed with primary water being Na-Cl type (52...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419095/effectiveness-of-a-live-oral-human-rotavirus-vaccine-after-programmatic-introduction-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
K Zaman, David A Sack, Kathleen M Neuzil, Mohammad Yunus, Lawrence H Moulton, Jonathan D Sugimoto, Jessica A Fleming, Ilias Hossain, Shams El Arifeen, Tasnim Azim, Mustafizur Rahman, Kristen D C Lewis, Andrea J Feller, Firdausi Qadri, M Elizabeth Halloran, Alejandro Cravioto, John C Victor
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccines are now globally recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), but in early 2009 WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization reviewed available data and concluded that there was no evidence for the efficacy or effectiveness of a two-dose schedule of the human rotavirus vaccine (HRV; Rotarix) given early at 6 and 10 wk of age. Additionally, the effectiveness of programmatic rotavirus vaccination, including possible indirect effects, has not been assessed in low-resource populations in Asia...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418618/investigation-of-arsenotrophic-microbiome-in-arsenic-affected-bangladesh-groundwater
#14
Munawar Sultana, Taslin Jahan Mou, Santonu Kumar Sanyal, Farzana Diba, Zahid Hayat Mahmud, Anowar Khasru Parvez, M Anwar Hossain
Arsenotrophic bacteria contribute to the nutrient cycling in arsenic (As) affected groundwater. This study employed a culture-independent and -dependent investigation of arsenotrophic microbiomes in As affected groundwater samples collected from Madhabpur, Sonatengra, and Union Porishod in Singair Upazila, Manikganj, Bangladesh. Total As contents, detected by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS) of the samples, were 47 µg/L (Madhabpur, SNGW-1), 53 µg/L (Sonatengra, SNGW-2), and 12 µg/L (Union porishod, SNGW-3), whereas the control well (SNGW-4; depths >150 m) showed As content of 6 µg/L...
April 18, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418277/geographical-variation-in-the-skeletal-morphology-of-red-jungle-fowl
#15
H Endo, N Tsunekawa, M Sonoe, T Sasaki, H Ogawa, T Amano, N T Son, V Phimphachanhvongsod, K Kudo, T Yonezawa, F Akishinonomiya
1. The skulls and postcranial skeletons of the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) were compared osteometrically between the populations from North and South Vietnam, North and Central Laos and Southeast Bangladesh. The populations include the three subspecies of G. g. spadiceus, G. g. gallus and G. g. murghi and were sampled to reveal the geographical morphological variations among populations in G. gallus. 2. The morphometric characteristics of subspecies murghi could be clearly distinguished from those of the other subspecies using a canonical discriminant analysis...
April 18, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410375/coping-strategies-related-to-food-insecurity-at-the-household-level-in-bangladesh
#16
Fahmida Dil Farzana, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Md Ahshanul Haque, Jillian L Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: In connection to food insecurity, adaptation of new techniques or alteration of regular behavior is executed that translates to coping strategies. This paper has used data from food security and nutrition surveillance project (FSNSP), which collects information from a nationally representative sample in Bangladesh on coping behaviors associated with household food insecurity. To complement the current understanding of different coping strategies implemented by the Bangladeshi households, the objective of this paper has been set to examine the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the food insecure households which define their propensity towards adaptation of different types of coping strategies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409647/cultural-attitudes-towards-postpartum-depression-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#17
Anaise Williams, Malabika Sarker, Syeda Tahmina Ferdous
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, yet in many cultures it remains unaddressed and unacknowledged. Postpartum depression is particularly delicate because of its association with gender and expectations of motherhood. This ethnographic study in Dhaka, Bangladesh sought to understand local perceptions of postpartum depression and cultural influences around mental health care seeking. The results describe the role of culture and stigma in the conceptualization of mental health within both the community and medical spheres...
April 14, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404840/household-coverage-with-adequately-iodized-salt-varies-greatly-between-countries-and-by-residence-type-and-socioeconomic-status-within-countries-results-from-10-national-coverage-surveys
#18
REVIEW
Jacky M Knowles, Greg S Garrett, Jonathan Gorstein, Roland Kupka, Ruth Situma, Kapil Yadav, Rizwan Yusufali, Chandrakant Pandav, Grant J Aaron
Background: Household coverage with iodized salt was assessed in 10 countries that implemented Universal Salt Iodization (USI).Objective: The objective of this paper was to summarize household coverage data for iodized salt, including the relation between coverage and residence type and socioeconomic status (SES).Methods: A review was conducted of results from cross-sectional multistage household cluster surveys with the use of stratified probability proportional to size design in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Niger, the Philippines, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404839/coverage-of-nutrition-interventions-intended-for-infants-and-young-children-varies-greatly-across-programs-results-from-coverage-surveys-in-5-countries
#19
REVIEW
Magali Leyvraz, Grant J Aaron, Alia Poonawala, Marti J van Liere, Dominic Schofield, Mark Myatt, Lynnette M Neufeld
Background: The efficacy of a number of interventions that include fortified complementary foods (FCFs) or other products to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is well established. Programs that provide such products free or at a subsidized price are implemented in many countries around the world. Demonstrating the impact at scale of these programs has been challenging, and rigorous information on coverage and utilization is lacking.Objective: The objective of this article is to review key findings from 11 coverage surveys of IYCF programs distributing or selling FCFs or micronutrient powders in 5 countries...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404097/hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-in-southeast-and-southern-asia-challenges-for-governments
#20
Suzanne Wait, Emily Kell, Saeed Hamid, David H Muljono, Jose Sollano, Rosmawati Mohamed, Samir Shah, Mamun-Al-Mahtab, Zaigham Abbas, Jennifer Johnston, Tawesak Tanwandee, Jack Wallace
In 2015, the Coalition to Eradicate Viral Hepatitis in Asia Pacific gathered leading hepatitis experts from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Thailand to discuss common challenges to the burden posed by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), to learn from each other's experience, and identify sustainable approaches. In this report, we summarise these discussions. Countries differ in their policy responses to HBV and HCV; however, substantial systemic, cultural, and financial barriers to achievement of elimination of these infections persist in all countries...
November 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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