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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810894/chikungunya-an-emerging-viral-infection-with-varied-clinical-presentations-in-bangladesh-reports-of-seven-cases
#1
Muhammad Abdur Rahim, Khwaja Nazim Uddin
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya is an emerging and rapidly spreading viral infection in many parts of the world including Bangladesh. It shares many epidemiological and clinical characteristics with dengue. So, a sound knowledge is required for its detection and differentiation from dengue, specially in endemic regions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present seven confirmed cases of chikungunya having different clinical presentations occurring among middle aged males and females from different socio-economic background in Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh...
August 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809389/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-telephone-based-support-for-the-management-of-pressure-ulcers-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-india-and-bangladesh
#2
M Arora, L A Harvey, J V Glinsky, H S Chhabra, M S Hossain, N Arumugam, P K Bedi, I D Cameron, A J Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To determine from a societal perspective the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of telephone-based support for management of pressure ulcers. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis of a randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary centre in India and Bangladesh. METHODS: An economic evaluation was conducted alongside a randomised clinical trial comparing 12 weeks of telephone-based support (intervention group) with usual care (control group)...
August 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808383/chemopreventive-potential-of-major-flavonoid-compound-of-methanolic-bark-extract-of-saraca-asoca-roxb-in-benzene-induced-toxicity-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-mice
#3
Manas Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Mithun Shaw, Debjani Nath
BACKGROUND: Saraca asoca (SA) (Roxb.) is one of the folk medicinal plants found in India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Its major biological activity appears due to the presence of flavonoid group of compounds in its bark extract. OBJECTIVE: In this study, our research aims to analyze the chemopreventive effect of flavonoids, especially a natural phenol catechin present in the bark methanolic extract of SA on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total bark extract was partitioned and analyzed on thin-layer chromatography (TLC) plate...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807587/prevention-of-suicide-with-regulations-aimed-at-restricting-access-to-highly-hazardous-pesticides-a-systematic-review-of-the-international-evidence
#4
David Gunnell, Duleeka Knipe, Shu-Sen Chang, Melissa Pearson, Flemming Konradsen, Won Jin Lee, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: Pesticide self-poisoning accounts for 14-20% of suicides worldwide. Regulation aimed at restricting access to pesticides or banning highly hazardous pesticides is one approach to reducing these deaths. We systematically reviewed the evidence of the effectiveness of pesticide regulation in reducing the incidence of pesticide suicides and overall suicides. METHODS: We did a systematic review of the international evidence. We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase for studies published between Jan 1, 1960, and Dec 31, 2016, which investigated the effect of national or regional bans, and sales or import restrictions, on the availability of one or more pesticides and the incidence of suicide in different countries...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806961/molecular-analysis-demonstrates-high-prevalence-of-chloroquine-resistance-but-no-evidence-of-artemisinin-resistance-in-plasmodium-falciparum-in-the-chittagong-hill-tracts-of-bangladesh
#5
Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Benedikt Ley, Maisha Khair Nima, Fatema Tuj Johora, Mohammad Enayet Hossain, Kamala Thriemer, Sarah Auburn, Jutta Marfurt, Ric N Price, Wasif A Khan
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin resistance is present in the Greater Mekong region and poses a significant threat for current anti-malarial treatment guidelines in Bangladesh. The aim of this molecular study was to assess the current status of drug resistance in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh near the Myanmar border. METHODS: Samples were obtained from patients enrolled into a Clinical Trial (NCT02389374) conducted in Alikadam, Bandarban between August 2014 and January 2015...
August 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805017/estimating-the-between-farm-transmission-rates-for-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-subtype-h5n1-epidemics-in-bangladesh-between-2007-and-2013
#6
A Ssematimba, I Okike, G M Ahmed, M Yamage, G J Boender, T J Hagenaars, B Bett
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) is classified by the World Organization for Animal Health as one of the notifiable diseases. Its occurrence is associated with severe socio-economic impacts and is also zoonotic. Bangladesh HPAI epidemic data for the period between 2007 and 2013 were obtained and split into epidemic waves based on the time lag between outbreaks. By assuming the number of newly infected farms to be binomially distributed, we fit a Generalized Linear Model to the data to estimate between-farm transmission rates (β)...
August 14, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801442/bangladesh-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-beed-study-protocol-for-a-community-based-intervention-study-to-validate-non-invasive-biomarkers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction
#7
Mustafa Mahfuz, Subhasish Das, Ramendra Nath Mazumder, M Masudur Rahman, Rashidul Haque, Md Muzibur Rahman Bhuiyan, Hasina Akhter, Md Shafiqul Alam Sarker, Dinesh Mondal, Syed Shafi Ahmed Muaz, A S M Bazlul Karim, Stephen M Borowitz, Christopher A Moskaluk, Michael J Barratt, William A Petri, Jeffrey I Gordon, Tahmeed Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is a subacute inflammatory condition of the small intestinal mucosa with unclear aetiology that may account for more than 40% of all cases of stunting. Currently, there are no universally accepted protocols for the diagnosis, treatment and ultimately prevention of EED. The Bangladesh Environmental Enteric Dysfunction (BEED) study is designed to validate non-invasive biomarkers of EED with small intestinal biopsy, better understand disease pathogenesis and identify potential therapeutic targets for interventions designed to control EED and stunting...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797255/barriers-to-routine-g6pd-testing-prior-to-treatment-with-primaquine
#8
Benedikt Ley, Kamala Thriemer, Jessica Jaswal, Eugenie Poirot, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Ching Swe Phru, Wasif Ali Khan, Lek Dysoley, Gao Qi, Chong Chee Kheong, Ummi Kalthom Shamsudin, Ingrid Chen, Jimee Hwang, Roly Gosling, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: Primaquine is essential for the radical cure of vivax malaria, however its broad application is hindered by the risk of drug-induced haemolysis in individuals with glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Rapid diagnostic tests capable of diagnosing G6PD deficiency are now available, but these are not used widely. METHODS: A series of qualitative interviews were conducted with policy makers and healthcare providers in four vivax-endemic countries...
August 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797237/validity-of-the-global-physical-activity-questionnaire-gpaq-in-bangladesh
#9
Shirin Jahan Mumu, Liaquat Ali, Anthony Barnett, Dafna Merom
BACKGROUND: Feasible and cost-effective as well as population specific instruments for monitoring physical activity (PA) levels are needed for the management and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The WHO-endorsed Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) has been widely used in developing countries, but the evidence base for its validity, particularly for rural populations, is still limited. The aim of the study was to validate GPAQ among rural and urban residents in Bangladesh...
August 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797101/two-populations-of-less-virulent-helicobacter-pylori-genotypes-in-bangladesh
#10
Hafeza Aftab, Muhammad Miftahussurur, Phawinee Subsomwong, Faruque Ahmed, A K Azad Khan, Takashi Matsumoto, Rumiko Suzuki, Yoshio Yamaoka
Bangladesh has a population with a low gastric cancer risk but high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Several studies have examined virulence genes in H. pylori from Bangladesh. We analyzed cagA and vacA subtypes and their association with severe histology phenotypes, and analyzed population types among Bangladeshi strains. We included patients who underwent endoscopy in Dhaka. Sequences of virulence genes and seven housekeeping genes were obtained by next generation sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796842/correction-impact-of-a-participatory-intervention-with-women-s-groups-on-psychological-distress-among-mothers-in-rural-bangladesh-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Kelly Clarke, Kishwar Azad, Abdul Kuddus, Sanjit Shaha, Tasmin Nahar, Bedowra Haq Aumon, Mohammed Munir Hossen, James Beard, Anthony Costello, Tanja A J Houweling, Audrey Prost, Edward Fottrell
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0110697.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796160/epidemiology-of-fall-injury-in-rural-bangladesh
#12
Shirin Wadhwaniya, Olakunle Alonge, Md Kamran Ul Baset, Salim Chowdhury, Al-Amin Bhuiyan, Adnan A Hyder
Globally, falls are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths, with 80% occurring in low-and middle-income countries. The overall objective of this study is to describe the burden and risk factors of falls in rural Bangladesh. In 2013, a large household survey covering a population of 1,169,593 was conducted in seven rural sub-districts of Bangladesh to assess the burden of all injuries, including falls. The recall periods for non-fatal and fatal injuries were six and 12 months, respectively. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791246/etiologies-and-posttreatment-conditions-of-thyrotoxic-patients-in-sylhet-division-bangladesh-a-clinical-series
#13
Md Kayes Mahmud, Shahnaz Jalil, Ahm Mahmudur Rahman, Md Mamun-Ur Rashid, Shiny Sultana, Adnan Taher, Lutful Haque, Jannatul Fardous, Kamrun Nahar
OBJECTIVE: The endeavor of the study was to analyze the posttreatment (postradioactive iodine therapy [RAI]) conditions of thyrotoxic patients in a tertiary level hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 186 patients was conducted from 2012 to 2014 in Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College Campus. Patients' information regarding the etiologies and their disease status after getting RAI therapy was recorded...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790460/role-of-domestic-ducks-in-the-emergence-of-a-new-genotype-of-highly-pathogenic-h5n1-avian-influenza-a-viruses-in-bangladesh
#14
Subrata Barman, Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, M Kamrul Hasan, Sharmin Akhtar, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Jasmine Cm Turner, John Franks, David Walker, Jon Seiler, Kimberly Friedman, Lisa Kercher, Trushar Jeevan, Daniel Darnell, Ghazi Kayali, Lisa Jones-Engel, Pamela McKenzie, Scott Krauss, Richard J Webby, Robert G Webster, Mohammed M Feeroz
Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses were first isolated in Bangladesh in February 2007. Subsequently, clades 2.2.2, 2.3.4.2 and 2.3.2.1a were identified in Bangladesh, and our previous surveillance data revealed that by the end of 2014, the circulating viruses exclusively comprised clade 2.3.2.1a. We recently determined the status of circulating avian influenza viruses in Bangladesh by conducting surveillance of live poultry markets and waterfowl in wetland areas from February 2015 through February 2016...
August 9, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789638/gender-differences-in-functional-disability-and-self-care-among-seniors-in-bangladesh
#15
Md Ismail Tareque, Andrew D Tiedt, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam, Sharifa Begum, Yasuhiko Saito
BACKGROUND: Disability among older adults is a public health concern. To date there are no in-depth and comprehensive analyses on older adults' disabilities in Bangladesh. This study investigated gender differences in the prevalence of disability and the socio-demographic factors associated with disability among older adults in Bangladesh. METHODS: This research used a sample of 4176 elderly males and females aged 60 years and over from a nationally representative data set- Bangladesh's 2010 Household Income and Expenditure Survey...
August 8, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782306/nutrition-behaviour-change-communication-causes-sustained-effects-on-iycn-knowledge-in-two-cluster-randomised-trials-in-bangladesh
#16
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Naureen I Karachiwalla, Shalini Roy
Behaviour change communication (BCC) can improve infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) knowledge, practices, and health outcomes. However, few studies have examined whether the improved knowledge persists after BCC activities end. This paper assesses the effect of nutrition sensitive social protection interventions on IYCN knowledge in rural Bangladesh, both during and after intervention activities. We use data from two, 2-year, cluster randomised control trials that included nutrition BCC in some treatment arms...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776449/discovery-and-biological-relevance-of-3-4-didehydroretinol-vitamin-a2-in-small-indigenous-fish-species-and-its-potential-as-a-dietary-source-for-addressing-vitamin-a-deficiency
#17
Michael R La Frano, Yimeng Cai, Betty J Burri, Shakuntala H Thilsted
Discovered in the late 1920s, 3,4-didehydroretinol (DROL, vitamin A2) plays a significant biological role in freshwater fish. The functions of this vitamin have been investigated but to a far lesser extent than those of retinol (ROL, vitamin A1). A recent study indicating all-trans DROL has 119-127% vitamin A biological activity compared to that of all-trans ROL suggests the significance of DROL for addressing vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in comparison to ROL may be currently overlooked. Freshwater fish such as small indigenous fish species (SIS), with high DROL content can be a promising dietary source for reducing VAD in areas where SIS are readily available and consumed...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772810/on-the-mechanical-properties-and-uncertainties-of-jute-yarns
#18
Amm Sharif Ullah, Sweety Shahinur, Hiroyuki Haniu
Products made from natural materials are eco-friendly. Therefore, it is important to supply product developers with reliable information regarding the properties of natural materials. In this study, we consider a widely used natural material called jute, which grows in Bangladesh, India, and China. We described the results of tensile tests on jute yarns, as well as the energy absorption patterns leading to yarn failure. We have also used statistical analyses and possibility distributions to quantify the uncertainty associated with the following properties of jute yarn: tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and strain to failure...
April 25, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769680/introduction-to-the-mymaridae-hymenoptera-of-bangladesh
#19
John T Huber, Nurul Islam
An identification key to the 15 genera of Mymaridae found so far in Bangladesh is given, based on about 520 specimens collected using yellow pan traps placed in agricultural habitats and at the edge of ponds, mainly at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur. Species already reported from Bangladesh are listed and three more are added: Acmopolynema orientale (Narayanan, Subba Rao & Kaur), Himopolynema hishimonus Taguchi, and Mymar pulchellum Curtis.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767068/influence-of-health-warnings-on-beliefs-about-the-health-effects-of-cigarette-smoking-in-the-context-of-an-experimental-study-in-four-asian-countries
#20
Jessica L Reid, Seema Mutti-Packer, Prakash C Gupta, Qiang Li, Jiang Yuan, Nigar Nargis, A K M Ghulam Hussain, David Hammond
Cigarette package health warnings can be an important and low-cost means of communicating the health risks of smoking. We examined whether viewing health warnings in an experimental study influenced beliefs about the health effects of smoking, by conducting surveys with ~500 adult male smokers and ~500 male and female youth (age 16-18) in Beijing, China (n = 1070), Mumbai area, India (n = 1012), Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 1018), and Republic of Korea (n = 1362). Each respondent was randomly assigned to view and rate pictorial health warnings for 2 of 15 different health effects, after which they reported beliefs about whether smoking caused 12 health effects...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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