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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724079/single-step-genomic-and-pedigree-genotype-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-models-for-predicting-wheat-lines-in-international-environments
#1
Paulino Pérez-Rodríguez, José Crossa, Jessica Rutkoski, Jesse Poland, Ravi Singh, Andrés Legarra, Enrique Autrique, Gustavo de Los Campos, Juan Burgueño, Susanne Dreisigacker
Genomic prediction models have been commonly used in plant breeding but only in reduced datasets comprising a few hundred genotyped individuals. However, pedigree information for an entire breeding population is frequently available, as are historical data on the performance of a large number of selection candidates. The single-step method extends the genomic relationship information from genotyped individuals to pedigree information from a larger number of phenotyped individuals in order to combine relationship information on all members of the breeding population...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722635/early-life-inflammation-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-bangladeshi-infants-growing-up-in-adversity
#2
Nona M Jiang, Fahmida Tofail, Jennie Z Ma, Rashidul Haque, Beth Kirkpatrick, Charles A Nelson, William A Petri
Exposure to profound adversity can negatively affect the neurodevelopment of children, but biologic mechanisms that underlie this association remain unknown. We sought to determine whether elevated levels of the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and soluble CD14 (sCD14) are associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes in Bangladeshi children. A total of 422 infant-mother pairs from an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, were enrolled at birth and followed prospectively. Inflammation was measured with sCD14, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 at 18 weeks, and CRP at 6, 18, 40, and 53 weeks...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722632/pilot-intervention-study-of-household-ventilation-and-fine-particulate-matter-concentrations-in-a-low-income-urban-area-dhaka-bangladesh
#3
Anne M Weaver, Shahana Parveen, Doli Goswami, Christina Crabtree-Ide, Carole Rudra, Jihnhee Yu, Lina Mu, Alicia M Fry, Iffat Sharmin, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is a risk factor for pneumonia; ventilation may be protective. We tested behavioral and structural ventilation interventions on indoor PM2.5 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. We recruited 59 good ventilation (window or door in ≥ 3 walls) and 29 poor ventilation (no window, one door) homes. We monitored baseline indoor and outdoor PM2.5 for 48 hours. We asked all participants to increase ventilation behavior, including opening windows and doors, and operating fans. Where permitted, we installed windows in nine poor ventilation homes, then repeated PM2...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722606/assessment-of-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-child-potties-for-safe-child-feces-disposal-in-rural-bangladesh
#4
Faruqe Hussain, Stephen P Luby, Leanne Unicomb, Elli Leontsini, Tania Naushin, Audrey J Buckland, Peter J Winch
Indiscriminate defecation among young children and the unsafe disposal of their feces increases fecal contamination in the household environment and the risk of diarrheal disease transmission. Improved sanitary technology for children too young to use a latrine may facilitate safe feces disposal and reduce fecal contamination in the household environment. We assessed the acceptability and feasibility of child potties in rural Bangladesh in 2010. Our team introduced child potties into 26 households for 30 days, and conducted semistructured interviews, group discussions, and observations to assess the acceptability and feasibility of their use for parents and children...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719631/the-distribution-and-host-range-of-the-banana-fusarium-wilt-fungus-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-in-asia
#5
Diane Mostert, Agustin B Molina, Jeff Daniells, Gerda Fourie, Catur Hermanto, Chih-Ping Chao, Emily Fabregar, Vida G Sinohin, Nik Masdek, Raman Thangavelu, Chunyu Li, Ganyun Yi, Lizel Mostert, Altus Viljoen
Fusarium oxysporum formae specialis cubense (Foc) is a soil-borne fungus that causes Fusarium wilt, which is considered to be the most destructive disease of bananas. The fungus is believed to have evolved with its host in the Indo-Malayan region, and from there it was spread to other banana-growing areas with infected planting material. The diversity and distribution of Foc in Asia was investigated. A total of 594 F. oxysporum isolates collected in ten Asian countries were identified by vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719281/risk-factors-for-household-transmission-of-vibrio-cholerae-in-dhaka-bangladesh-chobi7-trial
#6
Vanessa Burrowes, Jamie Perin, Shirajum Monira, David A Sack, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Toslim Mahamud, Zillur Rahman, Munshi Mustafiz, Sazzadul I Bhuyian, Farzana Begum, Fatema Zohura, Shwapon Biswas, Tahmina Parvin, Tasdik Hasan, Xiaotong Zhang, Bradley R Sack, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Munirul Alam, Christine Marie George
AbstractHousehold contacts of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of a Vibrio cholerae infection than the general population. To examine risk factors for V. cholerae infections and investigate intervention strategies among this population, we followed household contacts of cholera patients for the 1-week high-risk period after the index patient obtained care. This study was nested within a randomized controlled trial of the Cholera-Hospital-Based-Intervention-for-7-days (CHoBI7), a handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716352/fatal-and-non-fatal-injury-outcomes-results-from-a-purposively-sampled-census-of-seven-rural-subdistricts-in-bangladesh
#7
Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Abu Talab, Qazi S Rahman, Akm Fazlur Rahman, Shams El Arifeen, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: 90% of the global burden of injuries is borne by low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, details of the injury burden in LMICs are less clear because of the scarcity of data and population-based studies. The Saving of Lives from Drowning project, implemented in rural Bangladesh, did a census on 1·2 million people to fill this gap. This Article describes the epidemiology of fatal and non-fatal injuries from the study. METHODS: In this study, we used data from the baseline census conducted as part of the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) project...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716342/a-solid-base-from-which-to-prevent-injuries-in-bangladesh
#8
Julie Mytton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712021/the-state-of-essential-newborn-care-by-delivery-location-in-bangladesh
#9
Eunsoo Timothy Kim, Kavita Singh
Introduction Essential newborn care (ENC) around the time of birth is critical in improving neonatal survival. There is currently a gap in our knowledge of the use of ENC by place of delivery in Bangladesh. This study assesses the provision of ENC and examines the odds of newborns receiving ENC by different levels of delivery care in Bangladesh. Methods Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were performed on ENC practices from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey dataset. ENC practices included nonapplication of substances to the cord; application of antiseptic to the cord; drying newborn within 5 min; wrapping newborn within 5 min; delaying first bath until the first 72 h; and breastfeeding within 1 h...
July 15, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709469/prevalence-and-sociodemographic-patterns-of-physical-activity-among-bangladeshi-young-adults
#10
Riaz Uddin, Asaduzzaman Khan, Nicola W Burton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity offers physical and psychosocial health benefits that are important during young adulthood and later in life. However, little is known about the physical activity of young adults in low- and middle-income countries. The purpose of this study was to estimate the participation of physical activity in Bangladeshi young adults and to assess differences by gender, age and family income. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with a self-administered survey used a convenience sample of 573 young adults aged 18-24 years from six purposively selected universities in Dhaka City, Bangladesh...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709467/amitriptyline-induced-ventricular-tachycardia-a-case-report
#11
Khandker Mohammad Nurus Sabah, Abdul Wadud Chowdhury, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Bishnu Pada Saha, Syed Rezwan Kabir, Shamima Kawser
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, each emergency physician faces amitriptyline overdose nearly a day. An acute cardiovascular complication, one of the worst complications is mainly responsible for the mortality in tricyclic overdose. Recently, we managed ventricular tachycardia in a young female presented with an impaired consciousness 10 h after intentionally ingesting 2500 mg amitriptyline. Here, we report it, discuss how the electrocardiography is vital to acknowledge and predict it and its' complications and also the recent update of the management of it...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707820/isolation-identification-and-retrospective-study-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-from-affected-mithun-bos-frontalis-in-north-eastern-india
#12
B Borah, P Deka, K Sharma, S Baro, A K Hazarika, C Das, G B Garam, P Boro, K Ltu
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals that causes substantial and perpetual economic loss. Apart from the contagious nature of the disease, the FMD virus can establish in a "carrier state" among all cloven-hoofed animals. The Mithun (Bos frontalis), popularly called the "Cattle of Mountain," is found in the geographically isolated, hilly region of north-east India: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Despite the geographical inaccessibility, infection by FMD virus has emerged as the single most devastating disease among Mithun after the eradication of rinderpest from this region...
July 14, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706988/unsustainable-development-pathways-caused-by-tropical-deforestation
#13
Luis Roman Carrasco, Thi Phuong Le Nghiem, Zhirong Chen, Edward B Barbier
Global sustainability strategies require assessing whether countries' development trajectories are sustainable over time. However, sustainability assessments are limited because losses of natural capital and its ecosystem services through deforestation have not been comprehensively incorporated into national accounts. We update the national accounts of 80 nations that underwent tropical deforestation from 2000 to 2012 and evaluate their development trajectories using weak and strong sustainability criteria...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706731/household-wealth-status-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-adult-women-in-bangladesh-and-nepal
#14
G Bishwajit
BACKGROUND: In South Asia, women were reported to be more likely to have higher normal body weight. However, nationally representative evidence on the association between socioeconomic status and body weight in terms of regional cut-offs for body mass index is limited for South Asian women. This study aimed to address this gap by investigating the association between household wealth status and overweight and obesity among adult women in Bangladesh and Nepal. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional data on 6,144 Nepalese and 17,683 Bangladeshi women were obtained from most recent Demographic and Health Surveys in these countries...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704972/impact-of-first-aid-on-treatment-outcomes-for-non-fatal-injuries-in-rural-bangladesh-findings-from-an-injury-and-demographic-census
#15
Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Md Irteja Islam, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Qazi Sadeq-Ur Rahman, Priyanka Agrawal, Aminur Rahman, Fazlur Rahman, Shams El-Arifeen, Adnan A Hyder, Olakunle Alonge
Non-fatal injuries have a significant impact on disability, productivity, and economic cost, and first-aid can play an important role in improving non-fatal injury outcomes. Data collected from a census conducted as part of a drowning prevention project in Bangladesh was used to quantify the impact of first-aid provided by trained and untrained providers on non-fatal injuries. The census covered approximately 1.2 million people from 7 sub-districts of Bangladesh. Around 10% individuals reported an injury event in the six-month recall period...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704672/anthropometric-measures-at-birth-and-early-childhood-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-bangladeshi-children-aged-2-3years
#16
Jane J Lee, Kush Kapur, Ema G Rodrigues, Md Omar Sharif Ibne Hasan, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Robert O Wright, David C Bellinger, David C Christiani, Maitreyi Mazumdar
Among a cohort of children located in rural areas of Bangladesh affected by high levels of exposure to environmental metals, we investigated the associations between anthropometric measures, growth trajectory, and neurodevelopment at age 20-40months. Our study population included mothers and their children who participated in a longitudinal birth cohort study that took in place in the Pabna and Sirajdikhan areas of Bangladesh. Anthropometric measures including weight, length, and head circumference were measured at birth, age 12months, and age 20-40months...
July 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704570/signs-of-eclampsia-during-singleton-deliveries-and-early-neonatal-mortality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-from-three-who-regions
#17
Saverio Bellizzi, Howard L Sobel, Mohamed M Ali
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of eclampsia symptoms and to explore associations between eclampsia and early neonatal mortality. METHODS: The present secondary analysis included Demographic and Health Surveys data from 2005 to 2012; details of signs related to severe obstetric adverse events of singleton deliveries during interviewees' most recent delivery in the preceding 5 years were included. Data and delivery history were merged for pooled analyses. Convulsions-used as an indicator for having experienced eclampsia-and early neonatal mortality rates were compared, and a generalized random effect model, adjusted for heterogeneity between and within countries, was used to investigate the impact of presumed eclampsia on early neonatal mortality...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704363/uniform-multidrug-therapy-for-leprosy-patients-in-brazil-u-mdt-ct-br-results-of-an-open-label-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial-among-multibacillary-patients
#18
Gerson Oliveira Penna, Samira Bührer-Sékula, Lígia Regina Sansigolo Kerr, Mariane Martins de Araújo Stefani, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Marcelo Grossi de Araújo, Andrea Machado Coelho Ramos, Ana Regina Coelho de Andrade, Maurício Barcelos Costa, Patricia Sammarco Rosa, Heitor de Sá Gonçalves, Rossilene Cruz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Maria Araci de Andrade Pontes, Maria Lúcia Fernandes Penna
BACKGROUND: Leprosy control is based on early diagnosis and multidrug therapy. For treatment purposes, leprosy patients can be classified as paucibacillary (PB) or multibacillary (MB), according to the number of skin lesions. Studies regarding a uniform treatment regimen (U-MDT) for all leprosy patients have been encouraged by the WHO, rendering disease classification unnecessary. METHODOLOGY AND FINDINGS: An independent, randomized, controlled clinical trial conducted from 2007 to 2015 in Brazil, compared main outcomes (frequency of reactions, bacilloscopic index trend, disability progression and relapse rates) among MB patients treated with a uniform regimen/U-MDT (dapsone+rifampicin+clofazimine for six months) versus WHO regular-MDT/R-MDT (dapsone+rifampicin+clofazimine for 12 months)...
July 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#19
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702175/costs-of-hospitalization-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-illness-among-children-aged-5-years-and-the-financial-impact-on-households-in-bangladesh-2010
#20
Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Stephen P Luby, Nadia Ishrat Alamgir, Nusrat Homaira, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Emily S Gurley, Jaynal Abedin, Rashid Uz Zaman, Asm Alamgir, Mahmudur Rahman, Ismael R Ortega-Sanchez, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of acute respiratory illness in young children and results in significant economic burden. There is no vaccine to prevent RSV illness but a number of vaccines are in development. We conducted this study to estimate the costs of severe RSV illness requiring hospitalization among children <5 years and associated financial impact on households in Bangladesh. Data of this study could be useful for RSV vaccine development and also the value of various preventive strategies, including use of an RSV vaccine in children if one becomes available...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
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