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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101717/trace-metals-accumulation-in-soil-irrigated-with-polluted-water-and-assessment-of-human-health-risk-from-vegetable-consumption-in-bangladesh
#1
REVIEW
Md Atikul Islam, Davor Romić, Md Ali Akber, Marija Romić
Trace metals accumulation in soil irrigated with polluted water and human health risk from vegetable consumption was assessed based on the data available in the literature on metals pollution of water, soil, sediment and vegetables from the cites of Bangladesh. The quantitative data on metal concentrations, their contamination levels and their pollution sources have not been systematically gathered and studied so far. The data on metal concentrations, sources, contamination levels, sample collection and analytical tools used were collected, compared and discussed...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100790/genome-wide-analysis-in-brazilians-reveals-highly-differentiated-native-american-genome-regions
#2
Josyf C Mychaleckyj, Alexandre Havt, Uma Nayak, Relana Pinkerton, Emily Farber, Patrick Concannon, Aldo A Lima, Richard L Guerrant
Despite its population, geographic size, and emerging economic importance, disproportionately little genome-scale research exists into genetic factors that predispose Brazilians to disease, or the population genetics of risk. After identification of suitable proxy populations and careful analysis of tri-continental admixture in 1,538 North-Eastern Brazilians to estimate individual ancestry and ancestral allele frequencies, we computed 400,000 genome-wide locus-specific branch length (LSBL) Fst statistics of Brazilian Amerindian ancestry compared to European and African; and a similar set of differentiation statistics for their Amerindian component compared to the closest Asian 1000 Genomes population (surprisingly, Bengalis in Bangladesh)...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100208/access-to-primary-health-care-for-acute-vascular-events-in-rural-low-income-settings-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Shyfuddin Ahmed, Muhammad Ashique Haider Chowdhury, Md Alfazal Khan, Nafisa Lira Huq, Aliya Naheed
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of global mortality. Among the CVDs, acute vascular events (AVE) mainly ischemic heart diseases and stroke are the largest contributors. To achieve 25% reduction in preventable deaths from CVDs by 2025, health systems need to be equipped with extended service coverage in order to provide person-centered care. The overall goal of this proposed study is to assess access to health care in-terms of service availability, care seeking patterns and barriers to access care after AVE in rural Bangladesh...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099690/intimate-partner-violence-and-constraints-to-reproductive-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-among-women-seeking-abortion-services-in-bangladesh
#4
Erin Pearson, Kathryn L Andersen, Kamal Biswas, Rezwana Chowdhury, Susan G Sherman, Michele R Decker
OBJECTIVE: To understand intersections between intimate partner violence (IPV) and other constraints to women's reproductive autonomy, and the influence of IPV on reproductive health. METHODS: A secondary analysis examined cross-sectional data from a facility-based sample of women seeking abortion care (for spontaneous or induced abortion) between March 1 and October 31, 2013. Women aged 18-49 years, who received abortion services and selected a short-acting contraceptive method or no contraception completed an interviewer-administered survey after treatment...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098113/role-of-renal-biopsy-in-managing-pediatric-renal-diseases-a-midterm-analysis-of-a-series-at-bangabandhu-sheikh-mujib-medical-university-dhaka-bangladesh
#5
Ranjit Ranjan Roy, Abdullah Al Mamun, S M Shamsul Haque, Golam Muinuddin, Md Habibur Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096145/association-of-household-wealth-index-educational-status-and-social-capital-with-hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-south-asia
#6
Rajeev Gupta, Manmeet Kaur, Shofiqul Islam, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Vellappillil Raman Kutty, Romaina Iqbal, Omar Rahman, Mohan Deepa, Justy Antony, Krishnapillai Vijaykumar, Khawar Kazmi, Rita Yusuf, Indu Mohan, Raja Babu Panwar, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension control rates are low in South Asia. To determine association of measures of socioeconomic status (wealth, education, and social capital) with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control among urban and rural subjects in these countries we performed the present study. METHODS: We enrolled 33,423 subjects aged 35-70 years (women 56%, rural 53%, low-education status 51%, low household wealth 25%, low-social capital 33%) in 150 communities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during 2003-2009...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095796/a-severe-case-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-and-liposomal-amphotericin-b-treatment-failure-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-15%C3%A2-years-after-exposure
#7
Anna Eichenberger, Annina E Buechi, Andreas Neumayr, Chistroph Hatz, Andri Rauch, Marc Huguenot, Eva Diamantis-Karamitopoulou, Cornelia Staehelin
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoan disease, which is responsible for 200.000-400.000 yearly infections worldwide. If left untreated, the fatality rate can be as high as 100% within 2 years. 90% of cases occur in just six countries: India, Bangladesh, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Brazil. It is thus a disease rarely seen by physicians in Europe or North America. We report on the fatal case of VL in an 80-year-old immunosuppressed patient who presented with a latency of over 15 years after having visited an endemic region...
January 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095468/evaluating-hospital-based-surveillance-for-outbreak-detection-in-bangladesh-analysis-of-healthcare-utilization-data
#8
Birgit Nikolay, Henrik Salje, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Nusrat Homaira, Makhdum Ahmed, A Danielle Iuliano, Repon C Paul, Mahmudur Rahman, M Jahangir Hossain, Stephen P Luby, Simon Cauchemez, Emily S Gurley
BACKGROUND: The International Health Regulations outline core requirements to ensure the detection of public health threats of international concern. Assessing the capacity of surveillance systems to detect these threats is crucial for evaluating a country's ability to meet these requirements. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We propose a framework to evaluate the sensitivity and representativeness of hospital-based surveillance and apply it to severe neurological infectious diseases and fatal respiratory infectious diseases in Bangladesh...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095432/exploring-maternal-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-married-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-a-social-ecological-approach
#9
Asm Shahabuddin, Christiana Nöstlinger, Thérèse Delvaux, Malabika Sarker, Alexandre Delamou, Azucena Bardají, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The huge proportion of child marriage contributes to high rates of pregnancies among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Despite substantial progress in reducing maternal mortality in the last two decades, the rate of adolescent pregnancy remains high. The use of skilled maternal health services is still low in Bangladesh. Several quantitative studies described the use of skilled maternal health services among adolescent girls. So far, very little qualitative evidence exists about attitudes and practices related to maternal health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094204/microbial-contamination-of-drinking-water-from-risky-tubewells-situated-in-different-hydrological-regions-of-bangladesh
#10
Nepal C Dey, Mahmood Parvez, Digbijoy Dey, Ratnajit Saha, Lucky Ghose, Milan K Barua, Akramul Islam, Mushtaque R Chowdhury
This study, conducted in 40 selected upazilas covering four hydrological regions of Bangladesh, aimed at determining the risk of selected shallow tubewells (depth<30m) used for drinking purpose (n=26,229). This was based on WHO's sanitary inspection guidelines and identifying the association of sanitary inspection indicators and risk scores with microbiological contamination of shallow tubewells. The main objective of the study was to observe the seasonal and regional differences of microbial contamination and finally reaching a conclusion about safe distance between tubewells and latrines by comparing the contamination of two tubewell categories (category-1: distance ≤10m from nearest latrine; n=80 and category 2: distances 11-20m from nearest latrine; n=80) in different geographical contexts...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090477/the-economic-cost-of-implementing-maternal-and-neonatal-death-review-in-a-district-of-bangladesh
#11
Animesh Biswas, Abdul Halim, Fazlur Rahman, Charli Eriksson, Koustuv Dalal
INTRODUCTION: Maternal and neonatal death review (MNDR) introduced in Bangladesh and initially piloted in a district during 2010. MNDR is able to capture each of the maternal, neonatal deaths and stillbirths from the community and government facilities (hospitals). This study aimed to estimate the cost required to implement MNDR in a district of Bangladesh during 2010-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNDR was implemented in Thakurgaon district in 2010 and later gradually extended until 2015...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088232/utilization-of-mobile-phones-for-accessing-menstrual-regulation-services-among-low-income-women-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-analysis
#12
Chelsea Jordan Messinger, Ilias Mahmud, Sushama Kanan, Yamin Tauseef Jahangir, Malabika Sarker, Sabina Faiz Rashid
BACKGROUND: As many as one-third of all pregnancies in Bangladesh are unplanned, with nearly one-half of these pregnancies ending in either menstrual regulation (MR) or illegal clandestine abortion. Although MR is provided free of charge, or at a nominal cost, through the public sector and various non-profits organizations, many women face barriers in accessing safe, affordable MR and post-MR care. Mobile health (mHealth) services present a promising platform for increasing access to MR among low-income women at risk for clandestine abortion...
January 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088202/association-between-depression-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-adults-in-south-asia
#13
Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O'Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Yaya Sanni, Tang Shangfeng, Feng Zhanchun
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a growing research interest regarding the impact of dietary behaviour on mental health outcomes. The present study aimed to investigate the association between fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and depression in three south Asian countries- Bangladesh, India and Nepal. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from World Health Survey of WHO conducted during 2002-04. In total 14,133 adult subjects (Bangladesh 3262, India 7594, Nepal 3277) aged 18 years and above were included in the study...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088124/nipah-virus-transmission-of-a-zoonotic-paramyxovirus
#14
REVIEW
Bronwyn Anne Clayton
Nipah virus is a recently-recognised, zoonotic paramyxovirus that causes severe disease and high fatality rates in people. Outbreaks have occurred in Malaysia, Singapore, India and Bangladesh, and a putative Nipah virus was also recently associated with human disease in the Philippines. Worryingly, human-to-human transmission is common in Bangladesh, where outbreaks occur with near-annual frequency. Onward human transmission of Nipah virus in Bangladesh is associated with close contact with clinically-unwell patients or their infectious secretions...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086970/trends-determinants-and-inequities-of-4-anc-utilisation-in-bangladesh
#15
Aminur Rahman, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Tahmina Begum, Sayem Ahmed, Nurul Alam, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to document the trend on utilisation of four or more (4(+)) antenatal care (ANC) over the last 22 years period and to explore the determinants and inequity of 4(+) ANC utilisation as reported by the last two Bangladesh Demographic and Health surveys (BDHS) (2011 and 2014). METHODS: The data related to ANC have been extracted from the BDHS data set which is available online as an open source. STATA 13 software was used for organising and analysing the data...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077924/temperature-during-pregnancy-influences-the-fetal-growth-and-birth-size
#16
Harunor Rashid, Miki Kagami, Farzana Ferdous, Enbo Ma, Toru Terao, Taiichi Hayashi, Yukiko Wagatsuma
BACKGROUND: Birth weight and length have seasonal fluctuations. However, it is uncertain which meteorological element has an effect on birth outcomes and which timing of pregnancy would explain such effect. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine temperature effects during pregnancy and which timing of pregnancy has effects on size at birth. METHODS: A large, randomized, controlled trial of food and micronutrient supplementation for pregnant women was conducted in Matlab, Bangladesh (MINIMat Study), where women were enrolled from November 2001 to October 2003...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077119/physical-activity-levels-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-in-bangladeshi-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mohammad Moniruzzaman, M S A Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Mostafa Zaman
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity (PA) has become an important public health problem even in low-income countries. The objectives of this study were to measure PA levels, determine the prevalence of low PA and identify socio-demographic factors associated with it in Bangladeshi adults. METHODS: Data from 792 (urban, 395; rural, 397) Bangladeshi adults (25-64 years) were included in this population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2011. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ-2) was used to measure PA...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075369/validation-of-a-dish-based-semiquantitative-food-questionnaire-in-rural-bangladesh
#18
Pi-I D Lin, Sabri Bromage, Md Golam Mostofa, Joseph Allen, Emily Oken, Molly L Kile, David C Christiani
A locally validated tool was needed to evaluate long-term dietary intake in rural Bangladesh. We assessed the validity of a 42-item dish-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) using two 3-day food diaries (FDs). We selected a random subset of 47 families (190 participants) from a longitudinal arsenic biomonitoring study in Bangladesh to administer the FFQ. Two 3-day FDs were completed by the female head of the households and we used an adult male equivalent method to estimate the FD for the other participants...
January 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073970/estimated-generic-prices-for-novel-treatments-for-drug-resistant-tuberculosis
#19
Dzintars Gotham, Joseph Fortunak, Anton Pozniak, Saye Khoo, Graham Cooke, Frederick E Nytko, Andrew Hill
BACKGROUND: The estimated worldwide annual incidence of MDR-TB is 480 000, representing 5% of TB incidence, but 20% of mortality. Multiple drugs have recently been developed or repurposed for the treatment of MDR-TB. Currently, treatment for MDR-TB costs thousands of dollars per course. OBJECTIVES: To estimate generic prices for novel TB drugs that would be achievable given large-scale competitive manufacture. METHODS: Prices for linezolid, moxifloxacin and clofazimine were estimated based on per-kilogram prices of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070309/bacterial-etiology-of-bloodstream-infections-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-dhaka-bangladesh-2005-2014
#20
Dilruba Ahmed, Md Ausrafuggaman Nahid, Abdullah Bashar Sami, Farhana Halim, Nasrin Akter, Tuhin Sadique, Md Sohel Rana, Md Shahriar Bin Elahi, Md Mahbubur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections due to bacterial pathogens are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh and other developing countries. In these countries, most patients are treated empirically based on their clinical symptoms. Therefore, up to date etiological data for major pathogens causing bloodstream infections may play a positive role in better healthcare management. The aim of this study was to identify the bacterial pathogens causing major bloodstream infections in Dhaka, Bangladesh and determine their antibiotic susceptibility pattern...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
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