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Dysthymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278596/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-casi-4r-depression-subscale-for-identifying-youth-mood-disorders
#1
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265119/evidence-for-neuroplastic-compensation-in-the-cerebral-cortex-of-persons-with-depressive-illness
#2
R Bansal, D J Hellerstein, B S Peterson
We yoked anatomical brain magnetic resonance imaging to a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (RCT) of antidepressant medication for 10-week's duration in patients with dysthymia. The RCT study design mitigated ascertainment bias by randomizing patients to receive either duloxetine or placebo, and it supported true causal inferences about treatment effects on the brain by controlling treatment assignment experimentally. We acquired 121 anatomical scans: at baseline and end point in 41 patients and once in 39 healthy controls...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#3
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197000/impact-of-an-educational-module-in-antidepressant-naive-patients-prescribed-antidepressants-for-depression-pilot-proof-of-concept-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Annie P John, Nagendra Madan Singh, Nagarajaiah, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Patients are educated about their illness and its treatment at the time of diagnosis. However, little is known about how much of this education is retained and how it influences knowledge about, attitudes toward, and experiences with medication in antidepressant-naive patients with depression. METHODS: Antidepressant-naive outpatients with International Classification of Diseases-10 dysthymia or mild to moderate depression, who were advised antidepressant monotherapy, were randomized to control (n = 22) or intervention (n = 17) groups...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186314/psychopathological-profile-and-prevalence-of-dual-pathology-on-patients-with-alcoholic-dependence-undergoing-outpatient-treatment
#5
Miguel A García-Carretero, José P Novalbos-Ruiz, María Robles-Martínez, María A Jordán-Quintero, Cristina O'Ferrall-González
AIMS: Assess the prevalence of dual pathology in patients with alcohol dependence and describe the psychopathological profile of mental disorders, impulsiveness, ADHD presence and craving. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional study about dual pathology, carried out on 102 patients undergoing outpatient treatment. The presence of dual pathology is established by means of the MINI-5 interview and the MCMI-III test; DSM-IV being used as the alcohol abuse criteria. Impulsiveness, ADHD presence, craving and quality of life were measured through SIS, ASRSv1, MACS and SF-36...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148250/temporal-relationship-between-dysthymia-and-temporomandibular-disorder-a-population-based-matched-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#6
Shang-Lun Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Shun-Yao Ko, Ching-Yu Yen, Wei-Fan Chiang, Jung-Wu Yang
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported a relationship between depression and temporomandibular disorders (TMD), but the conclusions remain undefined. The aim of this article was to examine the temporal relationship between depression and TMD. METHODS: In this retrospective matched case-control study, we recruited all samples from a randomsample sub-dataset of one million insured individuals for the year 2005 (Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID2005))...
February 1, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142066/prevalence-and-correlates-of-dsm-5-major-depressive-and-related-disorders-in-the-community
#7
Caroline L Vandeleur, Sylfa Fassassi, Enrique Castelao, Jennifer Glaus, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Aurélie M Lasserre, Dominique Rudaz, Sirak Gebreab, Giorgio Pistis, Jean-Michel Aubry, Jules Angst, Martin Preisig
Although the DSM-5 has suggested the two new categories of Persistent Depressive Disorders (PDD) and Other Specified Depressive Disorders (OSDD), no study so far has applied the DSM-5 criteria throughout the range of depressive disorders. The aims of the present study were to 1) establish the lifetime prevalence of specific depressive disorders according to the new DSM-5 definitions in a community sample, and 2) determine their clinical relevance in terms of socio-demographic characteristics, comorbidity, course and treatment patterns...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120519/mercy-pregnancy-and-emotional-well-being-study-mpews-understanding-maternal-mental-health-fetal-programming-and-child-development-study-design-and-cohort-profile
#8
Megan Galbally, Marinus van IJzendoorn, Michael Permezel, Richard Saffery, Martha Lappas, Joanne Ryan, Elisabeth van Rossum, Andrew R Johnson, Douglas Teti, Andrew J Lewis
Maternal mental health represents a significant global health burden. The Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Well-being Study (MPEWS) was established to provide a comprehensive investigation of early developmental mechanisms and modifiers for maternal, fetal and child emotional well-being. MPEWS is a prospective, longitudinal study from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum that includes diagnostic measures of maternal mental health, observational measures of the mother-infant relationship, measures of child development, and repeat biological sampling...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064115/do-social-functioning-and-symptoms-improve-with-continuation-antidepressant-treatment-of-persistent-depressive-disorder-an-observational-study
#10
David J Hellerstein, Kallio Hunnicutt-Ferguson, Jonathan W Stewart, Patrick J McGrath, Samantha Keller, Bradley S Peterson, Ying Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy of continued treatment with the serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor duloxetine on symptom reduction and functional improvement in outpatients with dysthymia. METHOD: Fifty outpatients with DSM-IV-TR diagnosed dysthymia who had participated in a 10 week double-blind, placebo-controlled study of duloxetine received open treatment for three months. Nineteen duloxetine responders continued duloxetine, 24 patients initially treated with placebo started open duloxetine treatment, and 7 duloxetine non-responders were treated with desvenlafaxine or bupropion, selected by clinician choice...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050179/psychopathology-of-the-general-population-referred-by-primary-care-physicians-for-urgent-assessment-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#11
Judith McLenan, Carlo Lazzari, Gail McMillan, Robert Mackie
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the type, severity and progression of psychiatric pathologies in a sample of 372 outpatients (age range 18-65 years) referred by their primary general practitioners (GPs) to an Urgent Referral Team (URT) based in a psychiatric hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland. This team offers immediate appointments (1- to 7-day delays) for rapid assessments and early interventions to the outpatients referred by their primary family doctors. Method: One-sample t-test and z statistic were used for data analysis...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049464/quality-of-life-among-post-menopausal-women-due-to-oxidative-stress-boosted-by-dysthymia-and-anxiety
#12
Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Lizett Castrejón-Delgado, Mariano Zacarías-Flores, Alicia Arronte-Rosales, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Menopause is the onset of aging in women. During this process, some women experience physical changes that may impact upon their psychological and social status, also affecting their quality of life. Furthermore, several psychological changes following menopause have been shown to act as pro-oxidant, but the association between the psychological status that modify the quality of life and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women is still unclear. The aim of this study was to determinate the relationship between oxidative stress with psychological disturbances, low self-esteem, depressive mood and anxiety, and quality of life in the postmenopausal women...
January 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049102/prevalence-and-clinical-severity-of-mood-disorders-among-first-second-and-third-generation-migrants
#13
Baptiste Pignon, Geoffroy Pierre Alexis, Pierre Thomas, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Benjamin Rolland, Craig Morgan, Guillaume Vaiva, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: The role of migration as a risk factor remains unknown for mood disorders because of poor data. We sought to examine the prevalence and severity of mood disorders (bipolar disorder (BD), unipolar depressive disorder (UDD) and dysthymia) in first, second, and third generation migrants in France. METHODS: The Mental Health in the General Population survey interviewed 38,694 individuals. The prevalence of lifetime mood disorders, comorbidities, and clinical features was compared between migrants and non-migrants and by generation...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#14
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993255/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mental-disorders-in-colombian-child-population-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#15
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Javier Aulí, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Fabián Gil, Daniel Garzón, Germán Casas
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey aimed to expand our knowledge about the real mental state of children in Colombia, taking into account the fact that most mental disorders in adults begin during childhood or adolescence. It is essential to have an improved knowledge of the magnitude of this issue and to design timely interventions that reduce long term complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the disorders in the last 12 months and 30 days according to the DSM-IV, as well as to collect data about social and demographic variables...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928931/differentiating-anxiety-and-depression-the-state-trait-anxiety-depression-inventory
#16
Karl-Heinz Renner, Michael Hock, Ralf Bergner-Köther, Lothar Laux
The differentiation of trait anxiety and depression in nonclinical and clinical populations is addressed. Following the tripartite model, it is assumed that anxiety and depression share a large portion of negative affectivity (NA), but differ with respect to bodily hyperarousal (specific to anxiety) and anhedonia (lack of positive affect; specific to depression). In contrast to the tripartite model, NA is subdivided into worry (characteristic for anxiety) and dysthymia (characteristic for depression), which leads to a four-variable model of anxiety and depression encompassing emotionality, worry, dysthymia, and anhedonia...
December 8, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928248/the-effect-of-combining-mindfulness-based-cognitive-%C3%A2-therapy-with-pharmacotherapy-on-%C3%A2-depression-and-emotion-%C3%A2-regulation-of-patients-with-dysthymia-a-clinical-study
#17
Sajedeh Hamidian, Abdollah Omidi, Seyyed Masoud Mousavinasab, Ghasem Naziri
Objective: Mindfulness skills are assumed to be related with emotions. Deficits in emotion ‎regulation could lead to development and persistence of mood disorders. Dysthymia and double ‎depression are two chronic types of depression. This chronicity can be attributed to the one's ‎inability to regulate his/ her mood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-‎based cognitive therapy (MBCT), which is one of the proposed methods for emotion regulation, ‎on depression and the ability of emotion regulation of patients with dysthymia...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898206/doomed-for-disorder-high-incidence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Petra J Havinga, Lynn Boschloo, Annelene J P Bloemen, Maaike H Nauta, Sybolt O de Vries, Brenda W J H Penninx, Robert A Schoevers, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: Early recognition of individuals at risk for depressive and anxiety disorders is key in influencing onset and course of these disorders. Parental history is a potent risk factor for the development of these disorders in offspring. However, knowledge about the magnitude of this risk is limited as large-scale longitudinal studies with a follow-up into adulthood are scarce. Those offspring at highest risk may possibly be identified by easy-to-determine parental psychiatric characteristics, family context, and offspring characteristics...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866045/corrigendum-to-prevalence-and-correlates-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-dysthymia-in-an-eleven-year-follow-up-results-from-the-finnish-health-2011-survey-j-affect-disord-173-2015-73-80
#20
Niina Markkula, Jaana Suvisaari, Samuli I Saarni, Sami Pirkola, Sebastian Peña, Suoma Saarni, Kirsi Ahola, Aino K Mattila, Satu Viertiö, Jens Strehle, Seppo Koskinen, Tommi Härkänen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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