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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776008/factors-associated-with-self-reported-history-of-depression-diagnosis-among-cancer-survivors-aged-18-years-and-over-in-the-united-states
#1
Gemechu B Gerbi, Stranjae' Ivory, Elaine Archie Booker, Mechelle D Claridy, Stephanie Miles-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: According to the American Cancer Society, 25 percent of cancer survivors in the United States develop depression. The objective of this study is to assess factors associated with self-reported history of depression diagnosis among cancer survivors aged ≥18 years in the United States. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (N=6,079). The BRFSS collects data about US residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors and events, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services...
May 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736064/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-six-month-follow-up-study
#2
D Ramya Shruthi, S Sunil Kumar, Nagaraj Desai, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by coronary atherosclerosis include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI, and unstable angina. The relation between psychiatric disorders and coronary artery disease is a complex one which includes the effect of the psychosocial factors on heart and vice versa. Point prevalence studies have been reported, but there is paucity of follow-up studies from India. Materials and Methods: The study is a follow-up evaluation at discharge of 248 consecutive patients presented with ACS at JSS Hospital, Mysuru, Karnataka, over a period of 6 months to assess the psychiatric comorbidities...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692278/the-role-of-self-esteem-in-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Sven Hilbert, Stephan Goerigk, Frank Padberg, Annekatrin Nadjiri, Aline Übleis, Andrea Jobst, Julia Dewald-Kaufmann, Peter Falkai, Markus Bühner, Felix Naumann, Nina Sarubin
BACKGROUND: Based on the vulnerability model, several studies indicate that low self-esteem seems to contribute to depressive symptoms. AIMS: The aim of this study was to treat depressive symptoms in a cognitive behavioural group therapy, focusing on the enhancement of self-esteem, and to explore co-variation in depressive symptoms and the level of self-esteem. METHOD: The Multidimensional Self-esteem Scale (MSWS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to 147 psychiatric in-patients with current depressive symptoms due to an affective disorder (major depression, bipolar I, dysthymia)...
April 25, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644887/post-traumatic-stress-reactions-among-individuals-with-visual-impairments-a-systematic-review
#4
Audun Brunes, Marianne B Hansen, Trond Heir
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of post-traumatic stress reactions among individuals with visual impairment (VI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative studies were identified through searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Libraries. The literature search was limited to humans, of English and Scandinavian languages and publication year between 1980 and 2017. Study quality was assessed for all the included studies and extracted data were synthesized using narrative analysis...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626566/the-antidepressant-like-effects-of-a-novel-curcumin-derivative-j147-involvement-of-5-ht-1a-receptor
#5
Lejing Lian, Ying Xu, Jianbo Zhang, Yingcong Yu, Naping Zhu, Xiaofei Guan, Hui Huang, Ruijie Chen, Jie Chen, Guilan Shi, Jianchun Pan
Depression is a dysthymia disorder characterized by a pervasive or persistent mental disorder that causes mood, cognitive and memory deficits. J147, a curcumin analogue, increases brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels and facilitates memory in animals. Because curcumin has the antidepressant-like activity, the present study investigated the potential antidepressant-like effects of J147 in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension tests (TST) and the involvement of 5-HT receptors related to cAMP signaling...
April 4, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606323/impact-of-depressive-disorder-on-access-and-quality-of-care-in-veterans-with-prevalent-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Pallavi Srivastava, Javed Butler, A Laurie Shroyer, Matthew Lacey, Puja B Parikh
Although depressive disorders have been associated with increased risk of worse outcomes with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), its relation with access to and quality of cardiovascular care is not well studied. Accordingly, we sought to assess the association between depressive disorders and access and quality of care among United States veterans with CVD. The 2013 Centers for Disease Control's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey was utilized to identify a cohort of 13,126 veterans with CVD. Demographic and clinical history were recorded in adults with and without a depressive disorder (defined as self-reported diagnosis of depression, major depression, minor depression, or dysthymia)...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605793/the-association-between-lifetime-cannabis-use-and-dysthymia-across-six-birth-decades
#7
Ofir Livne, Liat Razon, Jürgen Rehm, Deborah S Hasin, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: Though high rates of co-occurring cannabis use and depression are well-documented, data regarding the association between cannabis use and dysthymia is scarce. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore clinical correlations of cannabis use among individuals with dysthymia, as well as the changes in the association between cannabis use and dysthymia across six decades of birth cohorts. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III; 2012-2013; N = 36,309)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577229/comparison-of-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-unipolar-depression-a-focus-on-pharmacotherapy-and-neurostimulation
#8
REVIEW
A J Bayes, G B Parker
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of agreement across a set of evidence-based guidelines for management of the unipolar depressive disorders and with a focus on physical treatments. METHOD: A literature search was undertaken using the terms 'depression', 'depressive' and 'guidelines', using PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the National Guideline Clearinghouse. Twelve national psychiatric or professional guideline-producing organizations were identified from the period 2007-2017, with guidelines qualitatively reviewed by two assessors...
March 25, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565278/development-and-pilot-testing-of-an-internet-based-self-help-intervention-for-depression-for-indian-users
#9
Seema Mehrotra, Paulomi Sudhir, Girish Rao, Jagadisha Thirthalli, T K Srikanth
There is a dearth of published research on uptake and utility of mental health apps in India, despite a rising global trend in the application of technology in the field of mental health. We describe the development and pilot testing of a self-help intervention for depression, PUSH-D (Practice and Use Self-Help for Depression) for urban Indians. This guided self-help app, with essential and optional zone sections, was developed to provide a comprehensive coverage of therapeutic strategies drawn from cognitive behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy, supportive psychotherapy, and positive psychology...
March 22, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560840/older-women-who-died-by-suicide-suicide-means-sociodemographic-and-psychiatric-risk-factors-and-other-precipitating-circumstances
#10
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, Atami O Sagna, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: US suicide rates among older women have substantially increased over the past decade. We examined potential differences in sociodemographic and risk/precipitating factors among older female suicide decedents who died by drug overdose versus firearms, hanging/suffocation, and other means, and postmortem toxicology results by suicide means. METHODS: Data are from the 2005 to 2015 US National Violent Death Reporting System (N = 12,401 female decedents aged 50 years and over)...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538550/mental-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-newborn-conditions-longitudinal-study-with-pregnant-women-attended-in-primary-care
#11
Daisy Oliveira Costa, Fabíola Isabel Suano de Souza, Glaura César Pedroso, Maria Wany Louzada Strufaldi
This study aimed to determine the presence and association of possible mental disorders diagnoses in primary care pregnant women and newborns' conditions. This is a longitudinal study with pregnant women (18-39 years), in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, attended at primary care facilities in the metropolitan region of São Paulo (February to August/2014). The following tools were used: sociodemographic questionnaire; Mental Disorders in Primary Care Assessment tool; and an interview with information and mother´s perception of the behavior of newborns...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507598/undetected-psychiatric-morbidity-among-hiv-aids-patients-attending-comprehensive-care-clinic-ccc-in-nairobi-kenya-towards-an-integrated-mental-health-care
#12
Pauline W Ng'ang'a, Muthoni Mathai, Anne Obondo, Teresia Mutavi, Manasi Kumar
Background: Psychiatric morbidity is commonly associated with HIV disease and may have adverse effects. This aspect may be overlooked at comprehensive HIV care centers in Low and Middle-Income Countries. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of undetected psychiatric morbidity among HIV/AIDS adult patients attending Comprehensive Care Centre in a semi-urban clinic, in Nairobi, Kenya. Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study of adult HIV patients not receiving any psychiatric treatment was conducted...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489041/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-the-risk-of-subsequent-mental-disorders-a-community-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Patrizia D Hofer, Karina Wahl, Andrea H Meyer, Marcel Miché, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Shiu F Wong, Jessica R Grisham, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with other mental disorders has been demonstrated repeatedly. Few longitudinal studies, however, have evaluated the temporal association of prior OCD and subsequent mental disorders across the age period of highest risk for first onset of mental disorders. We examined associations between prior OCD and a broad range of subsequent mental disorders and simulated proportions of new onsets of mental disorders that could potentially be attributed to prior OCD, assuming a causal relationship...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474007/predictors-and-moderators-of-relapse-in-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Beth D Kennard, Taryn L Mayes, Zohra Chahal, Paul A Nakonezny, Alexandra Moorehead, Graham J Emslie
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors and moderators of relapse during continuation treatment among depressed youth randomly assigned to fluoxetine or placebo. METHODS: Potential predictors and moderators of relapse that were identified by a literature review were examined in 102 youth (aged 7-18 years), diagnosed with major depressive disorder as defined by DSM-IV criteria, who were considered responders after 12 weeks of fluoxetine treatment (acute phase). This randomized controlled trial was conducted from June 2000 through October 2005...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446817/depression-in-tunisian-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-and-association-to-glycemic-control-and-to-treatment-compliance
#15
Faten Ellouze, Rahma Damak, Mehdi El Karoui, Haifa Mami, Mohamed Fadhel M'rad, Ghada Hamdi, Abdelmajid Abid
AIM: to study the prevalence of depression in type 2 diabetes and to seek for a relationship between glycemic control and treatment adherence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the outpatient department of the Tunis nutrition institute. A total of 100 diabetic patients followed for Type 2 diabetes were randomly recruited. We used a structured questionnaire to collect patients' socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic data. The treatment adherence was assessed by using MAS, Glycemic control according to blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and depression and anxiety by administering a dialectal Arabic validated version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335261/childhood-trajectories-of-peer-victimization-and-prediction-of-mental-health-outcomes-in-midadolescence-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#16
Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Michel Boivin, Louise Arseneault, Johanne Renaud, Léa C Perret, Gustavo Turecki, Gregory Michel, Julie Salla, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté
BACKGROUND: Exposure to peer victimization is relatively common. However, little is known about its developmental course and its effect on impairment associated with mental illnesses. We aimed to identify groups of children following differential trajectories of peer victimization from ages 6 to 13 years and to examine predictive associations of these trajectories with mental health in adolescence. METHODS: Participants were members of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a prospective cohort of 2120 children born in 1997/98 who were followed until age 15 years...
January 15, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296032/escitalopram-induced-siadh-in-an-elderly-female-a-case-study
#17
Sudha Vidyasagar, Karthik Rao, Muralidhar Verma, Aswini Dutt Tripuraneni, Navin Patil, Dipanjan Bhattacharjee
Hyponatraemia is a well-established and potentially, a life-threatening adverse effect of selective serotonin receptor uptake inhibitors (SSRI). However, its occurrence secondary to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) with escitalopram, has been reported extremely sporadically. The reporting of such rare, but life-threatening adverse effects of escitalopram assumes immense significance in light of the fact that SSRIs presently form the mainstay of treatment of depressive disorders...
September 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279855/child-abuse-and-neglect-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-nonviolent-and-violent-female-offenders
#18
Nicole Trauffer, Cathy Spatz Widom
Although the percentage of crimes committed by females has increased over the last 20 years in the United States, most research focuses on crimes by males. This article describes an examination of the extent to which childhood maltreatment predicts violent and nonviolent offending in females and the role of psychiatric disorders. Using data from a prospective cohort design study, girls with substantiated cases of physical and sexual abuse and neglect were matched with nonmaltreated girls (controls) on the basis of age, race, and approximate family socioeconomic class, and followed into adulthood ( N  = 582)...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239239/depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-pharmaco-resistant-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#19
Eleonora Borges Gonçalves, Tania Aparecida Marchiori de Oliveira Cardoso, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Fernando Cendes
Objectives To assess depressive disorders in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) refractory to medical treatment. Methods Adult patients with refractory MTLE completed two questionnaires (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) had a semi-structured psychiatric interview and a high resolution MRI scan. For complete neuropsychiatric diagnosis, as per International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the results were combined with clinical history and additional information from the patients' family...
February 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230558/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-europe-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Gail Gilchrist, Gabriele Fischer, Avril Taylor, Jacek Moskalewicz, Cinzia Giammarchi, Birgit Köchl, Alison Munro, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, April Shaw, Lucia Di Furia, Isabella Leeb, Caroline Hopf, Marta Torrens
Women who inject drugs (WWID) are an especially vulnerable group of drug users. This study determined the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity and intimate partrner violence (IPV), and factors associated with psychiatric comorbidity among WWID recruited from drug treatment services (67%) and harm reduction services in five European regions in Austria, Catalonia, Italy, Poland, and Scotland. Psychiatric comorbidity was assessed among 226 WWID using the Dual Diagnosis Screening Instrument. IPV was assessed using the Composite Abuse Scale and injecting and sexual risk behaviors were assessed using a battery of questionnaires adapted and developed for the study...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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