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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535408/differences-in-clinical-and-cognitive-variables-in-seasonal-affective-disorder-compared-to-depressive-related-disorders-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#1
I Morales-Muñoz, S Koskinen, T Partonen
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression with seasonal pattern. Although it involves some idiosyncratic symptoms, it can overlap with other depressive disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD) or dysthymia. We aimed to characterize the differences in specific cognitive and clinical symptoms between SAD and depressive-related disorders. METHODS: In total, 4554 Finnish subjects from the population-based Health 2011 Survey were interviewed with the Munich version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI) and filled in the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ)...
March 28, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529479/in-patients-undergoing-cochlear-implantation-psychological-burden-affects-tinnitus-and-the-overall-outcome-of-auditory-rehabilitation
#2
Petra Brüggemann, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Katharina Klee, Stefan Gräbel, Birgit Mazurek, Heidi Olze
Cochlear implantation (CI) is increasingly being used in the auditory rehabilitation of deaf patients. Here, we investigated whether the auditory rehabilitation can be influenced by the psychological burden caused by mental conditions. Our sample included 47 patients who underwent implantation. All patients were monitored before and 6 months after CI. Auditory performance was assessed using the Oldenburg Inventory (OI) and Freiburg monosyllable (FB MS) speech discrimination test. The health-related quality of life was measured with Nijmegen Cochlear implantation Questionnaire (NCIQ) whereas tinnitus-related distress was measured with the German version of Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515561/efficacy-of-myofascial-unwinding-and-myofascial-release-technique-in-a-patient-with-somatic-symptoms-a-case-report
#3
Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Manish Bathla, D Kanimozhi, D Narkeesh
Depression is an aversion to activity disorder which could lead to somatic dysfunctions such as insomnia, excessive sleeping, body aches, listlessness, and irritable bowel syndrome. The World Health Organization has projected the depression to be the second leading cause of disability worldwide by 2020. The physical and mental ill effects of somatic depression can be addressed using the osteopathic manipulative treatment. Therefore, the purpose of the present case report is to explore the effect of myofascial release (MFR) technique and myofascial unwinding (MFU) in the somatic depression...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512767/duration-of-major-and-minor-depressive-episodes-and-associated-risk-indicators-in-a-psychiatric-epidemiological-cohort-study-of-the-general-population
#4
M Ten Have, B W J H Penninx, M Tuithof, S van Dorsselaer, M Kleinjan, J Spijker, R de Graaf
OBJECTIVE: Hardly any studies exist on the duration of major depressive disorder (MDD) and factors that explain variations in episode duration that lack biases. This limits clinical decision-making and leaves patients wondering when they will recover. METHOD: Data were used from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2, a psychiatric epidemiological cohort study among a nationally representative adult population. Respondents with a newly originated depressive episode were selected: 286 MDD and 107 minor depressive disorder (MinDD) cases...
May 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506139/effects-of-aging-and-depression-on-mnemonic-discrimination-ability
#5
D A Camfield, R Fontana, K A Wesnes, J Mills, R J Croft
Ageing and depression have been found to be associated with poorer performance in mnemonic discrimination. In the current study, a two-response format mnemonic similarity test, Cognitive Drug Research MST, was used to compare these effects. Seventy-six participants were tested; with 52 participants in the young group, aged 18-35 years, and 24 participants in the elderly group, aged 55 years or older. Twenty-two young participants and 10 elderly participants met DSM-IV criteria for MDD or dysthymia. Age-related deficits were found for lure identification and speed of response...
May 16, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464856/suicide-risk-among-prisoners-in-french-guiana-prevalence-and-predictive-factors
#6
Gülen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Eric Pinganaud, Dominique Sins, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard, Mathieu Nacher
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates in prison are high and their risk factors are incompletely understood. The objective of the present study is to measure the risk of suicide and its predictors in the only prison of multicultural French Guiana. METHODS: All new prisoners arriving between September 2013 and December 2014 were included. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) was used and socio-demographic data was collected. In order to identify the predictors of suicide risk multivariate logistic regression was used...
May 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448425/vulnerability-to-psychopathology-and-dimensions-of-personality-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#7
Alba Garcia-Fontanals, Mariona Portell, Susanna García-Blanco, Violant Poca-Dias, Ferran García-Fructuoso, Marina López-Ruiz, Teresa Gutiérrez-Rosado, Montserrat Gomà-I-Freixanet, Joan Deus
OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients may present psychopathology and some characteristic personality traits that may affect their adaptation to the disease. This paper aims to study the relationship between personality dimensions according to the psychobiological model of Cloninger and the presence of psychopathology. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 42 patients with FM and 38 healthy controls. The assessment instruments administered were the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III)...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399092/-the-affective-pathology-in-patients-with-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#8
V V Grachev
AIM: To investigate affective pathology in patients with adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) and to analyze comorbid mutual influences of these clinical entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 52 young female patients, aged from 13.9 to 17.4 years, who simultaneously meet ICD-10 criteria of F50.2 - typical BN and F30-F39 - mood disorders. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for psychometric assessment. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 7 years...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390503/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-computerized-interactive-media-based-problem-solving-treatment-for-depression
#9
Luis R Sandoval, Jay C Buckey, Ricardo Ainslie, Martin Tombari, William Stone, Mark T Hegel
This study evaluated the efficacy of an interactive media-based, computer-delivered depression treatment program (imbPST) compared to a no-treatment control condition (NTC) in a parallel-group, randomized, controlled trial conducted in an outpatient psychiatric research clinic. 45 adult participants with major depressive disorder or dysthymia were randomized to receive either 6 weekly sessions of imbPST or no treatment (No Treatment Control; NTC). The primary outcome measure was the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II)...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374688/-the-clinical-predictors-of-heteroaggressive-behaviour-of-the-women-serving-sentence-in-penitentiary
#10
K N Shaklein, L M Bardenshtein, N K Demcheva
AIM: To identify clinical predictors of heteroaggressive behavior. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundreds and three women serving sentence in a penal colony were examined using clinical, neurologic and statistical methods. The main group consisted of 225 women with heteroaggressive behavior, the control group included 78 women without aggressive behavior. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Differences between the main and control groups in the structure of mental disorders and key syndromes were revealed...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278596/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-casi-4r-depression-subscale-for-identifying-youth-mood-disorders
#11
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265119/evidence-for-neuroplastic-compensation-in-the-cerebral-cortex-of-persons-with-depressive-illness
#12
R Bansal, D J Hellerstein, B S Peterson
We yoked anatomical brain magnetic resonance imaging to a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (RCT) of antidepressant medication for 10-week's duration in patients with dysthymia. The RCT study design mitigated ascertainment bias by randomizing patients to receive either duloxetine or placebo, and it supported true causal inferences about treatment effects on the brain by controlling treatment assignment experimentally. We acquired 121 anatomical scans: at baseline and end point in 41 patients and once in 39 healthy controls...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#13
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197000/impact-of-an-educational-module-in-antidepressant-naive-patients-prescribed-antidepressants-for-depression-pilot-proof-of-concept-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Annie P John, Nagendra Madan Singh, Nagarajaiah, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Patients are educated about their illness and its treatment at the time of diagnosis. However, little is known about how much of this education is retained and how it influences knowledge about, attitudes toward, and experiences with medication in antidepressant-naive patients with depression. METHODS: Antidepressant-naive outpatients with International Classification of Diseases-10 dysthymia or mild to moderate depression, who were advised antidepressant monotherapy, were randomized to control (n = 22) or intervention (n = 17) groups...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186314/psychopathological-profile-and-prevalence-of-dual-pathology-on-patients-with-alcoholic-dependence-undergoing-outpatient-treatment
#15
Miguel A García-Carretero, José P Novalbos-Ruiz, María Robles-Martínez, María A Jordán-Quintero, Cristina O'Ferrall-González
AIMS: Assess the prevalence of dual pathology in patients with alcohol dependence and describe the psychopathological profile of mental disorders, impulsiveness, ADHD presence and craving. METHOD: It is a cross-sectional study about dual pathology, carried out on 102 patients undergoing outpatient treatment. The presence of dual pathology is established by means of the MINI-5 interview and the MCMI-III test; DSM-IV being used as the alcohol abuse criteria. Impulsiveness, ADHD presence, craving and quality of life were measured through SIS, ASRSv1, MACS and SF-36...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148250/temporal-relationship-between-dysthymia-and-temporomandibular-disorder-a-population-based-matched-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#16
Shang-Lun Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Shun-Yao Ko, Ching-Yu Yen, Wei-Fan Chiang, Jung-Wu Yang
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported a relationship between depression and temporomandibular disorders (TMD), but the conclusions remain undefined. The aim of this article was to examine the temporal relationship between depression and TMD. METHODS: In this retrospective matched case-control study, we recruited all samples from a randomsample sub-dataset of one million insured individuals for the year 2005 (Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID2005))...
February 1, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142066/prevalence-and-correlates-of-dsm-5-major-depressive-and-related-disorders-in-the-community
#17
Caroline L Vandeleur, Sylfa Fassassi, Enrique Castelao, Jennifer Glaus, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Aurélie M Lasserre, Dominique Rudaz, Sirak Gebreab, Giorgio Pistis, Jean-Michel Aubry, Jules Angst, Martin Preisig
Although the DSM-5 has suggested the two new categories of Persistent Depressive Disorders (PDD) and Other Specified Depressive Disorders (OSDD), no study so far has applied the DSM-5 criteria throughout the range of depressive disorders. The aims of the present study were to 1) establish the lifetime prevalence of specific depressive disorders according to the new DSM-5 definitions in a community sample, and 2) determine their clinical relevance in terms of socio-demographic characteristics, comorbidity, course and treatment patterns...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120519/mercy-pregnancy-and-emotional-well-being-study-mpews-understanding-maternal-mental-health-fetal-programming-and-child-development-study-design-and-cohort-profile
#18
Megan Galbally, Marinus van IJzendoorn, Michael Permezel, Richard Saffery, Martha Lappas, Joanne Ryan, Elisabeth van Rossum, Andrew R Johnson, Douglas Teti, Andrew J Lewis
Maternal mental health represents a significant global health burden. The Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Well-being Study (MPEWS) was established to provide a comprehensive investigation of early developmental mechanisms and modifiers for maternal, fetal and child emotional well-being. MPEWS is a prospective, longitudinal study from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum that includes diagnostic measures of maternal mental health, observational measures of the mother-infant relationship, measures of child development, and repeat biological sampling...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064115/do-social-functioning-and-symptoms-improve-with-continuation-antidepressant-treatment-of-persistent-depressive-disorder-an-observational-study
#20
David J Hellerstein, Kallio Hunnicutt-Ferguson, Jonathan W Stewart, Patrick J McGrath, Samantha Keller, Bradley S Peterson, Ying Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy of continued treatment with the serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor duloxetine on symptom reduction and functional improvement in outpatients with dysthymia. METHOD: Fifty outpatients with DSM-IV-TR diagnosed dysthymia who had participated in a 10 week double-blind, placebo-controlled study of duloxetine received open treatment for three months. Nineteen duloxetine responders continued duloxetine, 24 patients initially treated with placebo started open duloxetine treatment, and 7 duloxetine non-responders were treated with desvenlafaxine or bupropion, selected by clinician choice...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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