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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078170/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-depressed-coronary-patients-with-and-without-type-d-personality-results-of-the-multi-center-spirr-cad-trial
#1
Frank Lambertus, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Kurt Fritzsche, Stefanie Hamacher, Martin Hellmich, Jana Jünger, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Matthias Michal, Joram Ronel, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Frank Vitinius, Cora Weber, Christian Albus
OBJECTIVE: Type D personality, as with formal mental disorders, is linked to increased mortality in coronary heart disease (CHD). Our aim was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among depressed CHD patients with and without Type D personality. METHODS: Depressive symptoms (HADS, HAM-D), Type D personality (DS-14) and mental disorders based on DSM-IV (SCID I and II) were assessed. Results were calculated by Kruskal-Wallis tests, Fisher's exact tests and logistic regression analyses...
October 7, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077724/effectiveness-of-telephone-based-aftercare-case-management-for-adult-patients-with-unipolar-depression-compared-to-usual-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Laura Kivelitz, Levente Kriston, Eva Christalle, Holger Schulz, Birgit Watzke, Martin Härter, Lutz Götzmann, Harald Bailer, Sabine Zahn, Hanne Melchior
BACKGROUND: Patients with depression often have limited access to outpatient psychotherapy following inpatient treatment. The objective of the study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of a telephone-based aftercare case management (ACM) intervention for patients with depression. METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized controlled trial in four psychotherapeutic inpatient care units with N = 199 patients with major depression or dysthymia (F32.x, F33...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072149/pattern-of-changes-during-treatment-a-comparison-between-a-positive-psychology-intervention-and-a-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-clinical-depression
#3
Irene Lopez-Gomez, Covadonga Chaves, Gonzalo Hervas, Carmelo Vazquez
Research on psychotherapy has traditionally focused on analyzing changes between the beginning and the end of a treatment. Few studies have addressed the pattern of therapeutic change during treatment. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of changes in clinical and well-being variables during a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program compared with an integrative positive psychology interventions program for clinical depression IPPI-D. 128 women with a diagnosis of major depression or dysthymia were assigned to the CBT or PPI group...
October 26, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031785/prior-mental-disorders-and-subsequent-onset-of-chronic-back-or-neck-pain-findings-from-19-countries
#4
Maria Carmen Viana, Carmen C W Lim, Flavia Garcia Pereira, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Ronny Bruffaerts, Peter de Jonge, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Siobhan O'Neill, Dan J Stein, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Graça Cardoso, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Daphna Levinson, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Daniel Rabczenko, Ronald C Kessler, Kate M Scott
Associations between depression/anxiety and pain are well established, but its directionality is not clear. We examined the associations between temporally prior mental disorders and subsequent self-reported chronic back/neck pain onset, and investigated the variation in the strength of associations by timing of events during the life course, and by gender. Data were from population-based household surveys conducted in 19 countries (n=52,095). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset of 16 DSM-IV mental disorders, and the occurrence and age-of-onset of back/neck pain were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027588/mental-disorders-and-the-risk-for-the-subsequent-first-suicide-attempt-results-of-a-community-study-on-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Marcel Miché, Patrizia Denise Hofer, Catharina Voss, Andrea Hans Meyer, Andrew Thomas Gloster, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Roselind Lieb
Adolescents and young adults represent the high-risk group for first onset of both DSM-IV mental disorders and lifetime suicide attempt (SA). Yet few studies have evaluated the temporal association of prior mental disorders and subsequent first SA in a young community sample. We examined (a) such associations using a broad range of specific DSM-IV mental disorders, (b) the risk of experiencing the outcome due to prior comorbidity, and (c) the proportion of SAs that could be attributed to prior disorders. During a 10-year prospective study, data were gathered from 3021 community subjects, 14-24 years of age at baseline...
October 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965957/differences-in-the-association-between-persistent-pathogens-and-mood-disorders-among-young-to-middle-aged-women-and-men-in-the-u-s
#6
Amanda M Simanek, Amy Parry, Jennifer B Dowd
BACKGROUND: A growing literature supports the role of immune system alterations in the etiology of mood regulation, yet there is little population-based evidence regarding the association between persistent pathogens, inflammation and mood disorders among younger women and men in the U.S. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III on individuals 15-39 years of age assessed for major depression, dysthymia, and/or bipolar disorder I and tested for cytomegalovirus (N=6825), herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 (N=5618) and/orHelicobacter pylori(H...
September 28, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936011/escitalopram-induced-siadh-in-an-elderly-female-a-case-study
#7
Sudha Vidyasagar, Karthik Rao, Muralidhar Verma, Aswini Dutt Tripuraneni, Navin Patil, Dipanjan Bhattacharjee
Hyponatraemia is a well-established and potentially, a life-threatening adverse effect of selective serotonin receptor uptake inhibitors (SSRI). However, its occurrence secondary to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) with escitalopram, has been reported extremely sporadically. The reporting of such rare, but life-threatening adverse effects of escitalopram assumes immense significance in light of the fact that SSRIs presently form the mainstay of treatment of depressive disorders...
September 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921163/discriminative-stimulus-properties-of-the-atypical-antipsychotic-amisulpride-comparison-to-its-isomers-and-to-other-benzamide-derivatives-antipsychotic-antidepressant-and-antianxiety-drugs-in-c57bl-6-mice
#8
Timothy J Donahue, Todd M Hillhouse, Kevin A Webster, Richard Young, Eliseu O De Oliveira, Joseph H Porter
RATIONALE: Racemic (RS)-amisulpride (Solian(®)) is an atypical antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia and dysthymia. Blockade of dopamine D2/D3 and/or serotonin 5-HT7 receptors is implicated in its pharmacological effects. While the (S)-amisulpride isomer possesses a robust discriminative cue, discriminative stimulus properties of (RS)-amisulpride have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The present study established (RS)-amisulpride as a discriminative stimulus and assessed amisulpride-like effects of amisulpride stereoisomers, other benzamide derivatives, and antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anxiolytic drugs...
December 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917393/reduction-in-depressive-symptoms-in-primary-prevention-icd-scheduled-patients-one-year-prospective-study
#9
Revital Amiaz, Elad Asher, Guy Rozen, Efrat Czerniak, Linda Levi, Mark Weiser, Michael Glikson
OBJECTIVE: Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs), have previously been associated with the onset of depression and anxiety. The aim of this one-year prospective study was to evaluate the rate of new onset psychopathological symptoms after elective ICD implantation. METHODS: A total of 158 consecutive outpatients who were scheduled for an elective ICD implantation were diagnosed and screened based on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#10
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874154/the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-is-an-adequate-screening-instrument-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorder-in-adults-with-congential-heart-disease
#11
Ju Ryoung Moon, June Huh, Jinyoung Song, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Sung-A Chang, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
BACKGROUND: The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is an instrument that is commonly used to screen for depression in patients with chronic disease, but the characteristics of the CES-D in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the criterion validities and the predictive powers of the CES-D for depression and anxiety disorders in adults with CHD. METHODS: Two hundred patients were screened with the CES-D and secondarily interviewed with a diagnostic instrument, i...
September 5, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866722/changes-in-intensity-of-neurotic-symptoms-associated-with-reduction-of-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-who-underwent-psychotherapy-in-the-day-hospital-for-the-treatment-of-neurotic-and-behavioral-disorders
#12
Paweł Rodziński, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Agnieszka Murzyn, Jerzy A Sobański, Katarzyna Cyranka, Edyta Dembińska, Karolina Grządziel, Katarzyna Klasa, Michał Mielimąka, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of associations between changes in the intensity of neurotic symptoms and reduction of suicidal ideation (SI) or lack of SI reduction, in patients who underwent a course of intensive psychotherapy conducted in integrative approach with predominance of psychodynamic approach in a day hospital. METHODS: Symptom Checklist KO"O" and Life Inventory completed by 461 women and 219 men treated in the psychotherapeutic day hospital due to neurotic, behavioral or personality disorders between 2005-2013...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857393/comparing-the-acceptability-of-a-positive-psychology-intervention-versus-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-depression
#13
Irene Lopez-Gomez, Covadonga Chaves, Gonzalo Hervas, Carmelo Vazquez
There is growing evidence on the efficacy of positive psychology interventions (PPI) to treat clinical disorders. However, very few studies have addressed their acceptability. The present study aimed to analyse 2 key components of acceptability (i.e., client satisfaction and adherence to treatment) of a new PPI programme, the Integrative Positive Psychological Intervention for Depression (IPPI-D), in comparison to a standard cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme in the treatment of clinical depression...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814133/behavioral-and-psychosocial-characteristics-among-head-start-childcare-providers
#14
Jiying Ling
The aim of the study was twofold: (a) describe behavioral and psychosocial characteristics of Head Start childcare providers including technology use, physical activity, nutrition, depression, and quality of life and (b) examine associations among these characteristics. Using a cross-sectional design, a nonrandom sample of 80 Head Start childcare providers completed an online survey via SurveyMonkey. About 80.1% were overweight or obese. Nearly all had a computer or smartphone. About 55% met the national physical activity recommendation of 150 min/week...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807138/prevalence-and-predictors-of-post-stroke-mood-disorders-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-depression-anxiety-and-adjustment-disorder
#15
Alex J Mitchell, Bhavisha Sheth, John Gill, Motahare Yadegarfar, Brendon Stubbs, Mohammad Yadegarfar, Nick Meader
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence and predictors of mood disorders, determined by structured clinical interviews (ICD or DSM criteria) in people after stroke. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception to June 2016 for studies involving major depression (MDD), minor depression (MnD), dysthymia, adjustment disorder, any depressive disorder (any depressive disorder) and anxiety disorders. Studies were combined using both random and fixed effects meta-analysis and results were stratified as appropriate...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783573/vulnerable-narcissism-is-associated-with-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-in-dysthymic-patients
#16
Leire Erkoreka, Bárbara Navarro
Pathological narcissism involves grandiose and vulnerable presentations. Narcissism, and specifically the vulnerable presentation, has been associated to depression, although empirical research studying this relationship is limited. Dysthymia is characterized by a greater treatment resistance and poorer prognosis than other chronic depressive disorders. The presence of dysfunctional personality traits may explain it. We aim to explore the association between vulnerable narcissistic traits and severity of depressive symptoms in a sample of dysthymic patients...
July 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724369/acculturation-and-other-risk-factors-of-depressive-disorders-in-individuals-with-turkish-migration-backgrounds
#17
Hanna Janssen-Kallenberg, Holger Schulz, Ulrike Kluge, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Uwe Wolfradt, Uwe Koch-Gromus, Andreas Heinz, Mike Mösko, Demet Dingoyan
BACKGROUND: Acculturation is a long-term, multi-dimensional process occurring when subjects of different cultures stay in continuous contact. Previous studies have suggested that elevated rates of depression among different migrant groups might be due to patterns of acculturation and migration related risk factors. This paper focused on prevalence rates of depressive disorders and related risk factors among individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds. METHODS: A population-based sample of 662 individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds were interviewed by bilingual interviewers using a standardised diagnostic interview for DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10 diagnoses (CIDI DIA-X Version 2...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689754/sociodemographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-psychotic-symptoms-in-the-general-population-findings-from-the-mhgp-survey
#18
Baptiste Pignon, Franck Schürhoff, Andrei Szöke, Pierre A Geoffroy, Renaud Jardri, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Benjamin Rolland, Pierre Thomas, Guillaume Vaiva, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the sociodemographic and psychiatric correlates of psychotic symptoms in a large general population sample. METHODS: The French Mental Health in the General Population cross-sectional survey interviewed 38,694 individuals using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. We looked for associations between the presence of lifetime psychotic symptoms, sociodemographic characteristics (including migrant status over three generations) and clinical characteristics...
July 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678214/dissociative-features-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#19
Tonguc D Berkol, Yasin H Balcioglu, Simge S Kirlioglu, Habib Erensoy, Meltem Vural
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between the dissociative features of FMS and the pain, psychological status, and functional status. METHODS: Twenty-seven women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and 24 controls from the Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital (2013-2015) were included in this cross-sectional study. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I Disorders was used to evaluate the participants...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669288/incremental-benefit-cost-of-momcare-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-among-economically-disadvantaged-women
#20
Nancy K Grote, Gregory E Simon, Joan Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Kathy Carson, Wayne Katon
OBJECTIVE: Effectiveness of collaborative care for perinatal depression has been demonstrated for MOMCare, from early pregnancy up to 15 months postpartum, for Medicaid enrollees in a public health system. MOMCare had a greater impact on reducing depression and improving functioning for women with comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than for those without PTSD. This study estimated the incremental benefit and cost and the net benefit of MOMCare for women with major depression and PTSD...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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