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Dysthymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064115/do-social-functioning-and-symptoms-improve-with-continuation-antidepressant-treatment-of-persistent-depressive-disorder-an-observational-study
#2
David J Hellerstein, Kallio Hunnicutt-Ferguson, Jonathan W Stewart, Patrick J McGrath, Samantha Keller, Bradley S Peterson, Ying Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy of continued treatment with the serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor duloxetine on symptom reduction and functional improvement in outpatients with dysthymia. METHOD: Fifty outpatients with DSM-IV-TR diagnosed dysthymia who had participated in a 10 week double-blind, placebo-controlled study of duloxetine received open treatment for three months. Nineteen duloxetine responders continued duloxetine, 24 patients initially treated with placebo started open duloxetine treatment, and 7 duloxetine non-responders were treated with desvenlafaxine or bupropion, selected by clinician choice...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050179/psychopathology-of-the-general-population-referred-by-primary-care-physicians-for-urgent-assessment-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#3
Judith McLenan, Carlo Lazzari, Gail McMillan, Robert Mackie
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the type, severity and progression of psychiatric pathologies in a sample of 372 outpatients (age range 18-65 years) referred by their primary general practitioners (GPs) to an Urgent Referral Team (URT) based in a psychiatric hospital in Aberdeen, Scotland. This team offers immediate appointments (1- to 7-day delays) for rapid assessments and early interventions to the outpatients referred by their primary family doctors. Method: One-sample t-test and z statistic were used for data analysis...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049464/quality-of-life-among-post-menopausal-women-due-to-oxidative-stress-boosted-by-dysthymia-and-anxiety
#4
Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Lizett Castrejón-Delgado, Mariano Zacarías-Flores, Alicia Arronte-Rosales, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Menopause is the onset of aging in women. During this process, some women experience physical changes that may impact upon their psychological and social status, also affecting their quality of life. Furthermore, several psychological changes following menopause have been shown to act as pro-oxidant, but the association between the psychological status that modify the quality of life and oxidative stress in postmenopausal women is still unclear. The aim of this study was to determinate the relationship between oxidative stress with psychological disturbances, low self-esteem, depressive mood and anxiety, and quality of life in the postmenopausal women...
January 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049102/prevalence-and-clinical-severity-of-mood-disorders-among-first-second-and-third-generation-migrants
#5
Baptiste Pignon, Geoffroy Pierre Alexis, Pierre Thomas, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Benjamin Rolland, Craig Morgan, Guillaume Vaiva, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: The role of migration as a risk factor remains unknown for mood disorders because of poor data. We sought to examine the prevalence and severity of mood disorders (bipolar disorder (BD), unipolar depressive disorder (UDD) and dysthymia) in first, second, and third generation migrants in France. METHODS: The Mental Health in the General Population survey interviewed 38,694 individuals. The prevalence of lifetime mood disorders, comorbidities, and clinical features was compared between migrants and non-migrants and by generation...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#6
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
: Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993255/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mental-disorders-in-colombian-child-population-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#7
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Javier Aulí, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Fabián Gil, Daniel Garzón, Germán Casas
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey aimed to expand our knowledge about the real mental state of children in Colombia, taking into account the fact that most mental disorders in adults begin during childhood or adolescence. It is essential to have an improved knowledge of the magnitude of this issue and to design timely interventions that reduce long term complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the disorders in the last 12 months and 30 days according to the DSM-IV, as well as to collect data about social and demographic variables...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928931/differentiating-anxiety-and-depression-the-state-trait-anxiety-depression-inventory
#8
Karl-Heinz Renner, Michael Hock, Ralf Bergner-Köther, Lothar Laux
The differentiation of trait anxiety and depression in nonclinical and clinical populations is addressed. Following the tripartite model, it is assumed that anxiety and depression share a large portion of negative affectivity (NA), but differ with respect to bodily hyperarousal (specific to anxiety) and anhedonia (lack of positive affect; specific to depression). In contrast to the tripartite model, NA is subdivided into worry (characteristic for anxiety) and dysthymia (characteristic for depression), which leads to a four-variable model of anxiety and depression encompassing emotionality, worry, dysthymia, and anhedonia...
December 8, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928248/the-effect-of-combining-mindfulness-based-cognitive-%C3%A2-therapy-with-pharmacotherapy-on-%C3%A2-depression-and-emotion-%C3%A2-regulation-of-patients-with-dysthymia-a-clinical-study
#9
Sajedeh Hamidian, Abdollah Omidi, Seyyed Masoud Mousavinasab, Ghasem Naziri
Objective: Mindfulness skills are assumed to be related with emotions. Deficits in emotion ‎regulation could lead to development and persistence of mood disorders. Dysthymia and double ‎depression are two chronic types of depression. This chronicity can be attributed to the one's ‎inability to regulate his/ her mood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of mindfulness-‎based cognitive therapy (MBCT), which is one of the proposed methods for emotion regulation, ‎on depression and the ability of emotion regulation of patients with dysthymia...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898206/doomed-for-disorder-high-incidence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Petra J Havinga, Lynn Boschloo, Annelene J P Bloemen, Maaike H Nauta, Sybolt O de Vries, Brenda W J H Penninx, Robert A Schoevers, Catharina A Hartman
OBJECTIVE: Early recognition of individuals at risk for depressive and anxiety disorders is key in influencing onset and course of these disorders. Parental history is a potent risk factor for the development of these disorders in offspring. However, knowledge about the magnitude of this risk is limited as large-scale longitudinal studies with a follow-up into adulthood are scarce. Those offspring at highest risk may possibly be identified by easy-to-determine parental psychiatric characteristics, family context, and offspring characteristics...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866045/corrigendum-to-prevalence-and-correlates-of-major-depressive-disorder-and-dysthymia-in-an-eleven-year-follow-up-results-from-the-finnish-health-2011-survey-j-affect-disord-173-2015-73-80
#12
Niina Markkula, Jaana Suvisaari, Samuli I Saarni, Sami Pirkola, Sebastian Peña, Suoma Saarni, Kirsi Ahola, Aino K Mattila, Satu Viertiö, Jens Strehle, Seppo Koskinen, Tommi Härkänen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861753/screening-for-depression-in-cancer-patients-receiving-radiotherapy-feasibility-and-identification-of-effective-tools-in-the-nrg-oncology-rtog-0841-trial
#13
Lynne I Wagner, Stephanie L Pugh, William Small, Jeffrey Kirshner, Kulbir Sidhu, Martin J Bury, Albert S DeNittis, Tracy E Alpert, Binh Tran, Beatrice F Bloom, Julie Mai, Alexander Yeh, Kalika Sarma, Mark Becker, Jennifer James, Deborah Watkins Bruner
BACKGROUND: Brief tools are needed to screen oncology outpatients for depressive symptoms. METHODS: Patients starting radiotherapy for the first diagnosis of any tumor completed distress screening tools, including the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer (NCCN-DT), and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL) (25-item version). Patients exceeding validated cutoff scores and a systematic sample of patients whose screening was negative completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) mood disorder modules via telephone...
November 10, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856684/psychedelics-in-the-treatment-of-unipolar-mood-disorders-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
James Jh Rucker, Luke A Jelen, Sarah Flynn, Kyle D Frowde, Allan H Young
Unipolar mood disorders, including major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), confer high rates of disability and mortality and a very high socioeconomic burden. Current treatment is suboptimal in most cases and there is little of note in the pharmaceutical development pipeline. The psychedelic drugs, including lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin, were used extensively in the treatment of mood disorders, and other psychiatric conditions, before their prohibition in the late 1960s...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847931/depression-with-atypical-features-in-various-kinds-of-affective-disorders
#15
Grzegorz Buzuk, Dorota Łojko, Maciej Owecki, Marek Ruchała, Janusz Rybakowski
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of atypical symptoms in various types of depressive disorders, using the author's questionnaire for symptoms of atypical depression. METHODS: The study involved 70 patients with a diagnosis of depressive episode in the course of recurrent depression, 54 patients with a diagnosis of depressive episode in bipolar disorder (BD) and 58 patients with a diagnosis of dysthymia. To assess the severity of atypical symptoms, the special questionnaire has been elaborated...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829086/altered-brain-activity-in-unipolar-depression-revisited-meta-analyses-of-neuroimaging-studies
#16
Veronika I Müller, Edna C Cieslik, Ilinca Serbanescu, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff
Importance: During the past 20 years, numerous neuroimaging experiments have investigated aberrant brain activation during cognitive and emotional processing in patients with unipolar depression (UD). The results of those investigations, however, vary considerably; moreover, previous meta-analyses also yielded inconsistent findings. Objective: To readdress aberrant brain activation in UD as evidenced by neuroimaging experiments on cognitive and/or emotional processing...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819485/pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-omega-3-and-individual-family-psychoeducational-psychotherapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-depression
#17
Mary A Fristad, Anthony T Vesco, Andrea S Young, K Zachary Healy, Elias S Nader, William Gardner, Adina M Seidenfeld, Hannah L Wolfson, L Eugene Arnold
The goal of this study is to evaluate feasibility and estimate effect sizes of omega-3 fatty acids (Ω3), individual-family psychoeducational psychotherapy (PEP), their combination, and moderating effects of maternal depression and psychosocial stressors in youth with depression. In a pilot 2 × 2 randomized controlled trial, 72 youth (ages 7-14; 57% Caucasian, 57% male) with major depression, dysthymia, or depression not otherwise specified were randomized to 12 weeks of Ω3, PEP+placebo, Ω3+PEP, or placebo...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800012/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-symptoms-among-school-going-adolescents-in-central-uganda
#18
Joyce Nalugya-Sserunjogi, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Emilio Ovuga, Steven M Kiwuwa, Seggane Musisi, Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu
BACKGROUND: Depression in adolescents constitutes a global public health concern. However, data on its prevalence and associated factors are limited in low income countries like Uganda. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional descriptive study design, 519 adolescent students in 4 secondary schools in Mukono district, Uganda, were randomly selected after meeting study criteria. The 4 school types were: boarding mixed (boys and girls) school; day mixed school; girls' only boarding school; and, boys' only boarding school...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799775/self-stigma-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-depressive-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Michaela Holubova, Jan Prasko, Marie Ociskova, Marketa Marackova, Ales Grambal, Milos Slepecky
BACKGROUND: Self-stigma is a maladaptive psychosocial phenomenon that can affect many areas of patients' lives and have a negative impact on their quality of life (QoL). This study explored the association between self-stigma, QoL, demographic data, and the severity of symptoms in patients with depressive disorder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who met the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, research criteria for depressive disorder were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792971/predictors-of-new-onset-depressive-disorders-results-from-the-longitudinal-finnish-health-2011-study
#20
Niina Markkula, Niko Marola, Tarja Nieminen, Seppo Koskinen, Samuli I Saarni, Tommi Härkänen, Jaana Suvisaari
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for depression is important for understanding etiological mechanisms and targeting preventive efforts. No prior studies have compared risk factors of dysthymia and major depressive disorder (MDD) in a longitudinal setting. METHODS: Predictors of new-onset MDD and dysthymia were examined in a longitudinal general population study (Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys, BRIF8901). 4057 persons free of depressive disorders at baseline were followed up for 11 years...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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