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Cyclothymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653349/the-role-of-lifetime-anxiety-history-in-the-course-of-bipolar-spectrum-disorders
#1
Madison K Titone, Rachel D Freed, Jared K O'Garro-Moore, Andrew Gepty, Tommy H Ng, Jonathan P Stange, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Individuals with bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD) frequently meet criteria for comorbid anxiety disorders, and anxiety may be an important factor in the etiology and course of BSDs. The current study examined the association of lifetime anxiety disorders with prospective manic/hypomanic versus major depressive episodes. Participants were 244 young adults (aged 17-26) with milder forms of BSDs (i.e., bipolar-II, cyclothymia, BD-NOS). First, bivariate analyses assessed differences in baseline clinical characteristics between participants with and without DSM-IV anxiety diagnoses...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475238/temperament-in-adulthood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-without-bipolar-disorder
#2
Filiz Ozdemiroglu, Kadir Karakus, Cagdas Oyku Memis, Levent Sevincok, Sanem Mersin
Objective: We examined whether some temperamental traits would be associated with persistence of attention deficit-hyperacitivty disorder (ADHD) in adulthood independent from bipolar disorder (BD). Methods: Eighty-one ADHD patients without a comorbid diagnosis of BD were divided into two groups, those with childhood ADHD (n=46), and those with Adulthood ADHD (n=35). The severity of childhood and adulthood ADHD were assessed by using the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25) and Turgay's Adult ADD/ADHD Diagnosis and Evaluation Scale (DES)...
February 22, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465902/-the-facets-of-creativity-in-the-light-of-bipolar-mood-alterations
#3
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407357/measuring-racing-thoughts-in-healthy-individuals-the-racing-and-crowded-thoughts-questionnaire-rctq
#4
Luisa Weiner, Sébastien Weibel, Wagner de Sousa Gurgel, Ineke Keizer, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Anne Giersch, Gilles Bertschy
Racing thoughts refer to an acceleration and overproduction of thoughts, which have been associated with manic and mixed episodes. Phenomenology distinguishes 'crowded' from 'racing' thoughts, associated with mixed depression and mania, respectively. Recent data suggest racing thoughts might also be present in healthy individuals with sub-affective traits and symptoms. We investigated this assumption, with a 34-item self-rating scale, the Racing and Crowded Thoughts Questionnaire (RCTQ), and evaluated its reliability, factor structure, and concurrent validity...
January 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320386/examining-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-an-online-yoga-class-for-mood-disorders-a-moodnetwork-study
#5
Lisa Uebelacker, Steven C Dufour, Jacob G Dinerman, Samantha L Walsh, Casey Hearing, Lee T Gillette, Thilo Deckersbach, Andrew A Nierenberg, Lauren Weinstock, Louisa G Sylvia
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing advances in the treatment of mood disorders, a substantial proportion of people diagnosed with major depression or bipolar disorder remain symptomatic over time. Yoga, which has been shown to reduce stress and depressive symptoms, as well as to improve overall quality of life, shows promise as an adjunctive treatment. However, dissemination of yoga for clinical populations remains challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of an online yoga intervention for individuals with mood disorders...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286524/psychophysiological-characteristics-in-the-chnpp-accident-clean-up-workers-exclusion-zone-evacuees-and-anti-terrorist-operation-servicemen
#6
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of interdependencies between psychometric parameters and spontaneous cerebral electric activity in the ChNPP accident clean up workers, evacuees from exclusion zone, and anti terrorist operation service men. OBJECT AND METHODS: Psychometric and neurophysiological parameters were reviewed in the study subjects retro spectively and in comparison. Study population included the ChNPP accident clean up workers (ACUW), evacuees from the 30 kilometer exclusion zone, specifically in a sample from a cohort of the NRCRM Clinical Epidemiological Register (n=316), and anti terrorist operation servicemen (n=81) undergoing rehabilitation in the NRCRM Radiation psychoneurology department...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503108/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cyclothymia-the-primacy-of-temperament
#7
REVIEW
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi
BACKGROUND: Contrary to DSM-5 definition based on recurrence of low grade hypomanic and depressive symptoms, cyclothymia is better defined in a neurodevelopmental perspective as an exaggeration of cyclothymic temperament. Emotional dysregulation with extreme mood instability and reactivity is the core features of the complex symptomatology. METHOD: In the present article, we critically reviewed the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of cyclothymia, focusing on the temperamental and neurodevelopmental perspectives...
April 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390495/aggression-protects-against-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episodes-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#8
Tommy H Ng, Rachel D Freed, Madison K Titone, Jonathan P Stange, Rachel B Weiss, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
A growing body of research suggests that bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are associated with high aggression. However, little research has prospectively examined how aggression may affect time to onset of hypomanic/manic versus major depressive episodes. In a longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that aggression would prospectively predict a shorter time to the onset of hypomanic/manic episodes and a longer time to the onset of major depressive episodes, based on the behavioral approach system theory of BSDs...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368159/personality-disorder-symptom-severity-predicts-onset-of-mood-episodes-and-conversion-to-bipolar-i-disorder-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#9
Tommy H Ng, Taylor A Burke, Jonathan P Stange, Patricia D Walshaw, Rachel B Weiss, Snezana Urosevic, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Although personality disorders (PDs) are highly comorbid with bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs), little longitudinal research has been conducted to examine the prospective impact of PD symptoms on the course of BSDs. The aim of this study is to examine whether PD symptom severity predicts shorter time to onset of bipolar mood episodes and conversion to bipolar I disorder over time among individuals with less severe BSDs. Participants (n = 166) with bipolar II disorder, cyclothymia, or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified completed diagnostic interview assessments of PD symptoms and self-report measures of mood symptoms at baseline...
April 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#10
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872258/bipolar-at-risk-criteria-an-examination-of-which-clinical-features-have-optimal-utility-for-identifying-youth-at-risk-of-early-transition-from-depression-to-bipolar-disorders
#11
Jan Scott, Steven Marwaha, Aswin Ratheesh, Iain Macmillan, Alison R Yung, Richard Morriss, Ian B Hickie, Andreas Bechdolf
Background: A clinical and research challenge is to identify which depressed youth are at risk of "early transition to bipolar disorders (ET-BD)." This 2-part study (1) examines the clinical utility of previously reported BD at-risk (BAR) criteria in differentiating ET-BD cases from unipolar depression (UP) controls; and (2) estimates the Number Needed to Screen (NNS) for research and general psychiatry settings. Methods: Fifty cases with reliably ascertained, ET-BD I and II cases were matched for gender and birth year with 50 UP controls who did not develop BD over 2 years...
July 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784325/alcohol-consumption-and-accentuated-personality-traits-among-young-adults-in-romania-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Cornelia Rada, Alexandru Teodor Ispas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption (AC) has negative social and economic consequences, affects health, and can create dependence. As dependence is particularly difficult to cure, prevention is important. This study aimed to identify the frequency, quantity, occasions, reasons, type of AC, and correlation with accentuated personality traits among young adults in Romania. METHODS: Participants were 1359 young adults aged 18-30 years (average age, 22.67 years; standard deviation [SD], 3...
October 27, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631140/omega-3-and-omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-bipolar-disorder-a-review-of-biomarker-and-treatment-studies
#13
REVIEW
Erika F H Saunders, Christopher E Ramsden, Mostafa S Sherazy, Alan J Gelenberg, John M Davis, Stanley I Rapoport
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that inflammation is an important mediator of pathophysiology in bipolar disorder. The omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolic pathways participate in several inflammatory processes and have been linked through epidemiologic and clinical studies to bipolar disorder and its response to treatment. We review the data on PUFAs as biomarkers in bipolar disorder and n-3 PUFA used as treatment for bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and CINAHL were searched for articles on PUFA and bipolar disorder published in the English language through November 6, 2013, with an updated search conducted on August 20, 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312721/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cyclothymia-the-primacy-of-temperament
#14
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi
Contrary to DSM-5 definition, based on the recurrence of hypomanic and depressive symptoms for a period of 2 years, cyclothymia is better defined in a neurodevelopmental perspective as a pathological variant of cyclothymic temperament. Emotional dysregulation with extreme mood instability and reactivity are the core features of the complex symptomatology. Available epidemiological and clinical data showed the frequent association of cyclothymia with anxiety, impulse control, substance use and cluster B and C personality disorders, suggesting a high prevalence in clinical samples and supporting its validity as a distinct form of bipolarity...
June 16, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773996/temperaments-in-completed-suicides-are-they-different-from-those-in-suicide-attempters-and-controls
#15
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Mariantonietta Milelli, Michele Battuello, Denise Erbuto, David Lester, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Temperaments in completed suicides have never been assessed whereas there is substantial research on temperaments in attempted suicides and psychiatric patients. METHODS: The significant others of 18 completed suicides participated in this study in order to provide an assessment of temperaments, hopelessness, depression and the suicide risk of their loved ones. The data were compared with data from 244 psychiatric patients of whom 83 had attempted suicide in the previous month...
February 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26035191/precursors-of-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prospective-studies
#16
REVIEW
Gianni L Faedda, Ciro Marangoni, Giulia Serra, Paola Salvatore, Gabriele Sani, Gustavo H Vázquez, Leonardo Tondo, Paolo Girardi, Ross J Baldessarini, Athanasios Koukopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of affective signs and symptoms as precursors of bipolar disorder in prospective studies, including assessment of their prevalence, duration, and predictive value. DATA SOURCES: We followed PRISMA guidelines to search PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and ISI Web of Science databases to May 31, 2013, using the terms bipolar disorder AND (antecedent* OR predict* OR prodrom* OR prospect*) AND (diagnosis OR development). Hand searching of identified reports led to additional relevant references...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26005206/cyclothymia-reloaded-a-reappraisal-of-the-most-misconceived-affective-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi, Olavo Pinto
Data emerging from both academic centers and from public and private outpatient facilities indicate that from 20% to 50% of all subjects that seek help for mood, anxiety, impulsive and addictive disorders turn out, after careful screening, to be affected by cyclothymia. The proportion of patients who can be classified as cyclothymic rises significantly if the diagnostic rules proposed by the DSM-5 are reconsidered and a broader approach is adopted. Unlike the DSM-5 definition based on the recurrence of low-grade hypomanic and depressive symptoms, cyclothymia is best identified as an exaggeration of cyclothymic temperament (basic mood and emotional instability) with early onset and extreme mood reactivity linked with interpersonal and separation sensitivity, frequent mixed features during depressive states, the dark side of hypomanic symptoms, multiple comorbidities, and a high risk of impulsive and suicidal behavior...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25909806/-treatment-of-endogenous-depression-with-venflaxine-clinical-action-tolerability-and-personalized-treatment-options
#18
G P Panteleeva, I V Oleichik, L I Abramova, P E Yumatova
OBJECTIVE: To specify clinical action of venflaxine during the course treatment of patients with different depressive states of endogenous nature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An open naturalistic study of 32 patients with different nosological forms of endogenous depression (manic-depressive psychosis, cyclothymia, schizophrenia) was carried out. Duration of the course treatment with venflaxine (velaxin) administered in daily dose of 37,5-300 mg was 56 days. Clinical and psychometric methods were used...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25684296/georg-friedrich-h%C3%A3-ndel-a-case-of-large-vessel-disease-with-complications-in-the-eighteenth-century
#19
Hansjörg Bäzner
Georg Friedrich Händel was not only one of the greatest musical giants ever but also he was probably the first composer who was also the manager and promoter of his own works. Various myths embellish his various biographies. This is also true for his pathography: several articles written by authors from various specialties suggested him having suffered from psychiatric diseases, like cyclothymia or mania, and rheumatologic disorders, like arthritis, while others tended to interpret his recurrent palsies as typical sequelae of ischemic strokes...
2015: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25660736/negative-cognitive-styles-synergistically-predict-suicidal-ideation-in-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-a-3-year-prospective-study
#20
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, Taylor A Burke, Evan M Kleiman, Jared K O'Garro-Moore, Nicole D Seligman, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Rates of suicidal ideation and behavior are extremely high in bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs). However, relatively little work has evaluated potentially synergistic relationships between cognitive and emotion-regulatory processes proposed by theoretical models of suicidality in BSDs. The present study evaluated whether negative cognitive style and subtypes of rumination would exacerbate the impact of self-criticism on suicidal ideation in a prospective study of individuals with BSDs. Seventy-two young adults with BSDs (bipolar II, bipolar NOS, or cyclothymia) completed diagnostic interviews and trait measures of self-criticism, negative cognitive style, and brooding and reflective rumination at a baseline assessment...
March 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
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