keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cyclothymia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503108/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cyclothymia-the-primacy-of-temperament
#1
REVIEW
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi
BACKGROUND: Contrary to DSM-5 definition based on recurrence of low grade hypomanic and depressive symptoms, cyclothymia is better defined in a neurodevelopmental perspective as an exaggeration of cyclothymic temperament. Emotional dysregulation with extreme mood instability and reactivity is the core features of the complex symptomatology. METHOD: In the present article, we critically reviewed the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of cyclothymia, focusing on the temperamental and neurodevelopmental perspectives...
April 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390495/aggression-protects-against-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episodes-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#2
Tommy H Ng, Rachel D Freed, Madison K Titone, Jonathan P Stange, Rachel B Weiss, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
A growing body of research suggests that bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are associated with high aggression. However, little research has prospectively examined how aggression may affect time to onset of hypomanic/manic versus major depressive episodes. In a longitudinal study, we tested the hypothesis that aggression would prospectively predict a shorter time to the onset of hypomanic/manic episodes and a longer time to the onset of major depressive episodes, based on the behavioral approach system theory of BSDs...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368159/personality-disorder-symptom-severity-predicts-onset-of-mood-episodes-and-conversion-to-bipolar-i-disorder-in-individuals-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorder
#3
Tommy H Ng, Taylor A Burke, Jonathan P Stange, Patricia D Walshaw, Rachel B Weiss, Snezana Urosevic, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Although personality disorders (PDs) are highly comorbid with bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs), little longitudinal research has been conducted to examine the prospective impact of PD symptoms on the course of BSDs. The aim of this study is to examine whether PD symptom severity predicts shorter time to onset of bipolar mood episodes and conversion to bipolar I disorder over time among individuals with less severe BSDs. Participants (n = 166) with bipolar II disorder, cyclothymia, or bipolar disorder not otherwise specified completed diagnostic interview assessments of PD symptoms and self-report measures of mood symptoms at baseline...
April 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#4
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872258/bipolar-at-risk-criteria-an-examination-of-which-clinical-features-have-optimal-utility-for-identifying-youth-at-risk-of-early-transition-from-depression-to-bipolar-disorders
#5
Jan Scott, Steven Marwaha, Aswin Ratheesh, Iain Macmillan, Alison R Yung, Richard Morriss, Ian B Hickie, Andreas Bechdolf
BACKGROUND: A clinical and research challenge is to identify which depressed youth are at risk of "early transition to bipolar disorders (ET-BD)." This 2-part study (1) examines the clinical utility of previously reported BD at-risk (BAR) criteria in differentiating ET-BD cases from unipolar depression (UP) controls; and (2) estimates the Number Needed to Screen (NNS) for research and general psychiatry settings. METHODS: Fifty cases with reliably ascertained, ET-BD I and II cases were matched for gender and birth year with 50 UP controls who did not develop BD over 2 years...
November 21, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784325/alcohol-consumption-and-accentuated-personality-traits-among-young-adults-in-romania-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Cornelia Rada, Alexandru Teodor Ispas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption (AC) has negative social and economic consequences, affects health, and can create dependence. As dependence is particularly difficult to cure, prevention is important. This study aimed to identify the frequency, quantity, occasions, reasons, type of AC, and correlation with accentuated personality traits among young adults in Romania. METHODS: Participants were 1359 young adults aged 18-30 years (average age, 22.67 years; standard deviation [SD], 3...
October 27, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631140/omega-3-and-omega-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-bipolar-disorder-a-review-of-biomarker-and-treatment-studies
#7
REVIEW
Erika F H Saunders, Christopher E Ramsden, Mostafa S Sherazy, Alan J Gelenberg, John M Davis, Stanley I Rapoport
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that inflammation is an important mediator of pathophysiology in bipolar disorder. The omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolic pathways participate in several inflammatory processes and have been linked through epidemiologic and clinical studies to bipolar disorder and its response to treatment. We review the data on PUFAs as biomarkers in bipolar disorder and n-3 PUFA used as treatment for bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and CINAHL were searched for articles on PUFA and bipolar disorder published in the English language through November 6, 2013, with an updated search conducted on August 20, 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312721/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cyclothymia-the-primacy-of-temperament
#8
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi
Contrary to DSM-5 definition, based on the recurrence of hypomanic and depressive symptoms for a period of 2 years, cyclothymia is better defined in a neurodevelopmental perspective as a pathological variant of cyclothymic temperament. Emotional dysregulation with extreme mood instability and reactivity are the core features of the complex symptomatology. Available epidemiological and clinical data showed the frequent association of cyclothymia with anxiety, impulse control, substance use and cluster B and C personality disorders, suggesting a high prevalence in clinical samples and supporting its validity as a distinct form of bipolarity...
June 16, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773996/temperaments-in-completed-suicides-are-they-different-from-those-in-suicide-attempters-and-controls
#9
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Mariantonietta Milelli, Michele Battuello, Denise Erbuto, David Lester, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Temperaments in completed suicides have never been assessed whereas there is substantial research on temperaments in attempted suicides and psychiatric patients. METHODS: The significant others of 18 completed suicides participated in this study in order to provide an assessment of temperaments, hopelessness, depression and the suicide risk of their loved ones. The data were compared with data from 244 psychiatric patients of whom 83 had attempted suicide in the previous month...
February 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26035191/precursors-of-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prospective-studies
#10
REVIEW
Gianni L Faedda, Ciro Marangoni, Giulia Serra, Paola Salvatore, Gabriele Sani, Gustavo H Vázquez, Leonardo Tondo, Paolo Girardi, Ross J Baldessarini, Athanasios Koukopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of affective signs and symptoms as precursors of bipolar disorder in prospective studies, including assessment of their prevalence, duration, and predictive value. DATA SOURCES: We followed PRISMA guidelines to search PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and ISI Web of Science databases to May 31, 2013, using the terms bipolar disorder AND (antecedent* OR predict* OR prodrom* OR prospect*) AND (diagnosis OR development). Hand searching of identified reports led to additional relevant references...
May 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26005206/cyclothymia-reloaded-a-reappraisal-of-the-most-misconceived-affective-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Giulio Perugi, Elie Hantouche, Giulia Vannucchi, Olavo Pinto
Data emerging from both academic centers and from public and private outpatient facilities indicate that from 20% to 50% of all subjects that seek help for mood, anxiety, impulsive and addictive disorders turn out, after careful screening, to be affected by cyclothymia. The proportion of patients who can be classified as cyclothymic rises significantly if the diagnostic rules proposed by the DSM-5 are reconsidered and a broader approach is adopted. Unlike the DSM-5 definition based on the recurrence of low-grade hypomanic and depressive symptoms, cyclothymia is best identified as an exaggeration of cyclothymic temperament (basic mood and emotional instability) with early onset and extreme mood reactivity linked with interpersonal and separation sensitivity, frequent mixed features during depressive states, the dark side of hypomanic symptoms, multiple comorbidities, and a high risk of impulsive and suicidal behavior...
September 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25909806/-treatment-of-endogenous-depression-with-venflaxine-clinical-action-tolerability-and-personalized-treatment-options
#12
G P Panteleeva, I V Oleichik, L I Abramova, P E Yumatova
OBJECTIVE: To specify clinical action of venflaxine during the course treatment of patients with different depressive states of endogenous nature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An open naturalistic study of 32 patients with different nosological forms of endogenous depression (manic-depressive psychosis, cyclothymia, schizophrenia) was carried out. Duration of the course treatment with venflaxine (velaxin) administered in daily dose of 37,5-300 mg was 56 days. Clinical and psychometric methods were used...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25684296/georg-friedrich-h%C3%A3-ndel-a-case-of-large-vessel-disease-with-complications-in-the-eighteenth-century
#13
Hansjörg Bäzner
Georg Friedrich Händel was not only one of the greatest musical giants ever but also he was probably the first composer who was also the manager and promoter of his own works. Various myths embellish his various biographies. This is also true for his pathography: several articles written by authors from various specialties suggested him having suffered from psychiatric diseases, like cyclothymia or mania, and rheumatologic disorders, like arthritis, while others tended to interpret his recurrent palsies as typical sequelae of ischemic strokes...
2015: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25660736/negative-cognitive-styles-synergistically-predict-suicidal-ideation-in-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-a-3-year-prospective-study
#14
Jonathan P Stange, Jessica L Hamilton, Taylor A Burke, Evan M Kleiman, Jared K O'Garro-Moore, Nicole D Seligman, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Rates of suicidal ideation and behavior are extremely high in bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs). However, relatively little work has evaluated potentially synergistic relationships between cognitive and emotion-regulatory processes proposed by theoretical models of suicidality in BSDs. The present study evaluated whether negative cognitive style and subtypes of rumination would exacerbate the impact of self-criticism on suicidal ideation in a prospective study of individuals with BSDs. Seventy-two young adults with BSDs (bipolar II, bipolar NOS, or cyclothymia) completed diagnostic interviews and trait measures of self-criticism, negative cognitive style, and brooding and reflective rumination at a baseline assessment...
March 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25499686/anxiety-comorbidity-in-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-the-mediational-role-of-perfectionism-in-prospective-depressive-symptoms
#15
Jared K O'Garro-Moore, Ashleigh Molz Adams, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
BACKGROUND: Bipolar spectrum disorders (BSDs) are highly comorbid with anxiety, which is associated with an extended duration and exacerbation of depressive symptoms. Unfortunately, the underlying mechanisms are not known. This study examined the role of maladaptive cognitive styles in the co-occurrence of BSDs and anxiety disorders and prediction of depressive symptoms. METHODS: Participants included 141 young adults (69.6% female, mean age=20.24, SD=2.11), in one of three groups: a BSD group (bipolar II, cyclothymia, n=48), a comorbid BSD/anxiety group (n=50), and a demographically-matched healthy control group (n=43), who were followed prospectively...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25462111/psychological-therapy-for-anxiety-in-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Hannah J Stratford, Myra J Cooper, Martina Di Simplicio, Simon E Blackwell, Emily A Holmes
Comorbid anxiety is common in bipolar spectrum disorders [BPSD], and is associated with poor outcomes. Its clinical relevance is highlighted by the "anxious distress specifier" in the revised criteria for Bipolar Disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5th Edition [DSM-5]. This article reviews evidence for the effectiveness of psychological therapy for anxiety in adults with BPSD (bipolar I, II, not otherwise specified, cyclothymia, and rapid cycling disorders). A systematic search yielded 22 treatment studies that included an anxiety-related outcome measure...
February 2015: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25206617/antidepressants-for-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trials
#17
Yingli Zhang, Huan Yang, Shichang Yang, Wei Liang, Ping Dai, Changhong Wang, Yalin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of short-term and long-term use of antidepressants in the treatment of bipolar disorder. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of randomized, double-blind, controlled trials published until December 2012 was performed using the PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Medline and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. The keywords "bipolar disorder, bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, bipolar mania, bipolar depression, cyclothymia, mixed mania and depression, rapid cycling and bipolar disorder", AND "antidepressant agent, antidepressive agents second- generation, antidepressive agents tricyclic, monoamine oxidase inhibitor, noradrenaline uptake inhibitor, serotonin uptake inhibitor, and tricyclic antidepressant agent" were used...
November 5, 2013: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25173432/temperamental-differences-between-bipolar-disorder-borderline-personality-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-some-implications-for-their-diagnostic-validity
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dominique Eich, Alex Gamma, Tina Malti, Marianne Vogt Wehrli, Michael Liebrenz, Erich Seifritz, Jiri Modestin
BACKGROUND: The relationship between borderline personality disorder (BPD), bipolar disorder (BD), and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) requires further elucidation. METHODS: Seventy-four adult psychiatric in- and out-patients, each of them having received one of these diagnoses on clinical assessment, were interviewed and compared in terms of diagnostic overlap, age and sex distribution, comorbid substance, anxiety and eating disorders, and affective temperament...
December 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25151191/affective-temperaments-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder
#19
Manuela Russo, Katie Mahon, Megan Shanahan, Elizabeth Ramjas, Carly Solon, Raphael J Braga, Katherine E Burdick
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that patients with bipolar disorder (BD) score higher on affective temperament ratings compared to healthy controls (HCs). Moreover, unaffected relatives demonstrate similar patterns as BD patients suggesting that such temperaments are related to the genetic risk for BD and may serve as endophenotypes for the disorder. It is unknown whether affective temperaments are associated with other core features of BD, such as impairments in neurocognition. This study examined the relationship between affective temperaments and neurocognition in patients with BD and in HCs...
December 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25012443/characterization-of-patients-with-mood-disorders-for-their-prevalent-temperament-and-level-of-hopelessness
#20
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Xenia Gonda, Denise Erbuto, Alberto Forte, Federica Ricci, David Lester, Hagop S Akiskal, Gustavo H Vázquez, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders (MD) are disabling conditions throughout the world associated with significant psychosocial impairment. Affective temperaments, as well as hopelessness, may play a significant role in the pathophysiology of MD. The present study was designed to characterize patients with MD for their prevalent affective temperament and level of hopelessness. METHODS: Five hundred fifty-nine (253 men and 306 women) consecutive adult inpatients were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), the Gotland Scale for Male Depression (GSMD), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
September 2014: Journal of Affective Disorders
keyword
keyword
24297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"